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De La Salle University
Election Law Course Outline
Dr. Antonio La Vina

*Read first 1987 Constitution, Article V, Sections 1-2; Article X, A Sections 1-8, and C,
Sections 1-11.


I. Citizen participation and electoral rights.

The Right to Vote

Betito vs. Benipayo G.R. No. 147179, March 26,2001 355 SCRA 313
Garchitorena vs. Crescini, 39 Phil. 258, 263
Hontiveros vs. Mobo, 39 Phil. 230
Macolor vs. Amores, 94 Phil. 1, 7
Bailles vs. Cabili, 27 SCRA 113, 121-122
Akbayan vs. COMELEC G.R. No. 147066, March 26,2001, 355 SCRA 318
Nicolas-Lewis, et al vs. Comelec, G.R. No. 162759 August 4, 2006 , 497 SCRA
649,
US vsSancuya 13 Phil Reports 729
Remoto v. Commission on Elections, G.R. No. 190582 (2010)


Postponement of election

Sec. 5, OEC (Omnibus Election Code)
Dimaporo vs. Comelec, G.R. No. 81151, Jan. 7, 1988,
Basher vs. COMELEC, 330 SCRA 736

Failure of election

Sec. 6 OEC
Basher vs. Comelec 330 SCRA 736
Hassan vs. Comelec, 264 SCRA 125
Broja vs. Comelec, 260 SCRA 604
Typoco vs. Comelec, 319 SCRA 498
Soliva vs. COMELEC, GR No. 141723, April 20,2001, 357 SCRA 336
Sangcad S. Bao (BAO) v. COMELEC, GR no. 149666, December 19, 2003,


II. Election of Public Officials

Election of President and Vice-President

Secs. 13-20 OEC

Election of Members of Congress

Art. XVIII, secs. 1 and 2 1987 Constitution

Election of Local Officials

Sec. 1, Art. XVIII 1987 Constitution
Sec. 8, Art. X 1987 Constitution

Election of Barangay Officials

Laws postponing barangay elections
(Ever changing schedule of Barangay elections)


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- Republic Act No. 6653
- Republic Act 6679
- Republic Act No. 8524
- Republic Act No. 9164
- Republic Act No. 9340

III. The Comelec

Composition

- Article IX-C 1987 Constitution

En Banc and Division Cases

Sarmiento vs. COMELEC 212 SCRA 307
ZaratevsCOMELEC, 318 SCRA 608
Kho vs. COMELEC, 279 SCRA 463
Garvida vs. Sales, 271 SCRA 764
Soller vs. COMELEC,339 SCRA 685
Torres vs. COMELEC,270 SCRA 583
Ramirez vs. COMELEC,270 SCRA 590
Faelnar vs. COMELEC,331 SCRA 429

Powers and Functions

Gallardo vs. Tabamo,218 SCRA 253
Javier vs. COMELEC,144 SCRA 194
Beso vs. abolla,327 SCRA 100
Flores vs. COMELEC,184 SCRA 484
Antonio vs. COMELEC,315 SCRA 62
Marquez vs. COMELEC, 313 SCRA 103
Carlos vs. Angeles,346 SCRA 671
Nacionalista Party vs. COMELEC, 84 Phil 49
Ahman vs. Mirasol,276 SCRA 501
Tan vs. COMELEC,237 SCRA 353
Telecommunication and Broadcast Attorneys of the Philippines vs.
COMELEC,289 SCRA 33
Montejo vs. COMELEC,242 SCRA 415
Sandoval vs. Comelec, G.R. No.133842. January 26, 2000, 323 SCRA 403

- Limiting airtime limits
http://www.rappler.com/nation/politics/elections-2013/26369-sc-comelec-s-
airtime-limit

- Money ban

http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/307670/news/nation/sc-stops-comelec-
from-implementing-money-ban

- Extended liquor ban
http://www.comelec.gov.ph/uploads/Elections/2013natloc/res/mr130322.pdf

http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/405133/liquor-ban-backed-to-2-days-comelec


IV. Judicial Review of Decisions
-Aratuc vs. Comelec 88 SCRA 251 ATIENZA
-Filipina Engineering and Machine Shop vs. Ferrer, 135 SCRA 25 BACOLOD
-Ambil v. Comelec G.R. No. 143398 , October 25, 2000, 344 SCRA 358 BAJADOR

V. Voters Qualification and Registration

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RA 8189 (Voters Registration Act of 1996)
-Romualdez vs. RTC,226 SCRA 406 BAUTISTA
-AKBAYAN Youth et al. vs. COMELEC GR No. 147066, March 26, 2001, 355
SCRA 318 BORBE
-Ututalum vs. COMELEC, 181 SCRA 335 CALSO
-Kabataan Party-List vs. Comelec G.R. No. 189868, December 15, 2009, CASTILLO
-BaytanvsComelec GR. No. 153945, 396 SCRA 703, 716 DE GUZMAN

VI. Political Parties and Party List System

RA No. 7941 (Party List System Act)
-Veterans Federation Party v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 1136781, October 6, 2000, DEL MUNDO
-Ang BagongBayani OFW Labor Party vs. COMELEC, 359 SCRA 698 DELA CRUZ
-PGBI vs. Comelec, G.R. No. 190529, 619 SCRA 585 DELOS REYES
-OFW Labor Party vs. COMELEC, 359 SCRA 698 DINAQUE
-BANAT vs. Comelec586 SCRA 211. ESEQUE
-AtongPaglaum et al. vs. Comelec, April 2, 2013 GONDA
-Liberal Party vs. Comelec, 620 SCRA 393 GUTIERREZ

VII. Candidates and certificates of candidacy

Qualifications

Secs. 63- 78 OEC
Frivaldo vs. COMELEC, 174 SCRA 245 KINTANAR
Labor vs. COMELEC, 176 SCRA 1 KO
Marcos vs. COMELEC, 248 SCRA 300 LOMOD
Aquino vs. COMELEC, 248 SCRA 400 MANALO
Domino vs. COMELEC 310 SCRA 546 MORALES
Bengson III vs. HRET, 357 SCRA 545 OASAN

Disqualifications

Sec. 12, 68, OEC
Sec. 40 Local Government Code
Grego vs. COMELEC, 274 SCRA 481 OZAETA
Mercado vs. Manzano, 307 SCRA 630 PAMIS
Marquez vs. COMELEC, 243 SCRA 538 PATULOT
Caasi vs. CA, 191 SCRA 229 PEDRAJAS
Domingo vs. Comelec 313 SCRA 311 REMO
Quinto v. Comelec, Res., GR No. 189698, February 22, 2010; motions for
reconsideration of its December 1, 2009 decision ROBENIOL


Term Limits

Abundo v. Commission on Elections, January 8, 2013 SALVADOR
Borja vs. COMELEC, 295 SCRA 157 SANDICO
Lonzanida vs. COMELEC, 311 SACRA 602 SANDOVAL
Aldovino vs. Comelec, 609 SCRA 234 SOTTO

Certificate of Candidacy

Sec. 7, RA 7166
Secs. 73-78 OEC
Gador vs. COMELEC, 95 SCRA 431 SYJUCO
Go vs. COMELEC, 357 SCRA 739 TAMONDONG
Conquilla v. COMELEC, G.R. No. 139801, May 31, 2000, TAN
Guzman vs. Board of Canvassers, 48 Phil 211 TANBENGCO
Miranda vs. Abaya, 311 SCRA 617 TOLENTINO

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-Sanciangco vs. Rono, 137, SCRA 671 UY
-Vivero vs. COMELEC, L 81059, Jan 12, 1989, VELASCO
-Ramirez vs. COMELEC, L-81150, Jan 12, 1992 ATIENZA
-Domingo vs. City Board of Canvassers, GR No. 105365, June 2, 1992 BACOLOD
-Villanueva vs. COMELEC, 140 SCRA 352 BAJADOR
-Sinaca vs. Mula, 315 SCRA 266 BAUTISTA

VIII. disqualification of candidates; grounds, procedure and effects of

Secs. 68,69, 78 OEC
Secs. 5, 7RA 6646 The Electoral Reforms Law of 1987
-Toraynovs.COMELEC, 337 SCRA 574 BORBE
-Sunga vs. COMELEC, 228 SCRA 76 CALSO
-Garvida vs. Sales, 271 SCRA 764 CASTILLO
-Nolasco vs. COMELEC, 275 SCRA 762 DE GUZMAN
-Moreno vs. COMELEC, G.R. No. 168550. August 10, 2006 DEL MUNDO
-Lonzanida vs. COMELEC, 311 SCRA 617 DELA CRUZ
-Villaber vs. COMELEC 369 SCRA 126 DELOS REYES


IX. campaign; election propaganda; contributions and expenditures

Secs. 79-112
Adiong vs. COMELEC, 244 SCRA 272 DINAQUE
National Press Club vs. COMELEC, 207 SCRA 1 ESEQUE
Pilar V. COMELEC245 SCRA 759 GONDA
Peralta vs. COMELEC 82 SCRA 30 GUTIERREZ
Penera v. COMELEC, G.R. 181613 11 September 2009, KINTANAR
Penera v. Comelec Motion for Reconsideration 25 November 2009, 599
SCRA 60 KO
o Pre-Mature Campaigning
Penera v. COMELEC, G.R. 181613 11 September 2009 LOMOD
Penera v. Comelec Motion for Reconsideration, 599 SCRA 609 25 November
2009 MANALO
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X. election; board of election inspectors (bei); watchers

Sec. 13, RA 6646 The Electoral Reforms Law of 1987
Secs. 164-180 OEC
Sec. 26 of RA 7166

XI. casting of votes and Absentee Voting

Sec. 200,BP881
Sec. 195-196, BP881
RA 9189 The Overseas Absentee Voting Act of 2003
RA. 8436 Amended by 9369, An act authorizing the Commission on
Elections to use an Automated Election System in the May 11, 1998
National or Local Elections and in subsequent National And Local
Electoral Exercises.
Macalintal vs. Comelec, 405 SCRA 614 MORALES
Malabaguio vs. COMELEC,346 SCRA 699 OASAN
Gutierrez vs. Aquino, Feb,26,1959 OZAETA
Libananvs HRET,283 SCRA 520 PAMIS

XII. canvassing and proclamation

Secs. 20. 21, 23, 28 RA 6646 The Electoral Reforms Law of 1987
Secs. 222-240 OEC
Casimiro vs. COMELEC 171 SCRA 468, 1989 PATULOT

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Quilala vs. COMELEC 188 SCRA 502, 1990 PEDRAJAS
Abes vs. Comelec, 21 SCRA 1252 REMO
Miralles vs. Gariando, 2 SCRA 63 ROBENIOL
Balindong vs. Comelec, 27 SCR 567 SALVADOR
Felix vs. Comelec, 23 SCRA 1288 SANDICO
Solidum vs. Macalalag, 28 SCRA 200 SANDOVAL
Namil Vs. COMELEC 414 SCRA 553 SOTTO
Jamil vs. COMELEC, 283 SCRA 349 SYJUCO
Sema vs. COMELEC,347 SCRA 633 TAMONDONG
Caruncho vs. COMELEC,315 SCRA 693 TAN

XIII. pre-proclamation controversy

Sec. 241-248 OEC
Sec. 245 repealed by sec. 39 RA 7166 An act providing for synchronized
national and local elections and for electoral reforms
Secs. 15, 16, 17 etc. RA 7166
Laudenio vs. COMELEC 276 SCRA 705 TANBENGCO
Belac v. COMELEC, 356 SCRA 394 TOLENTINO
Chavez vs. Comelec211 SCRA 315 UY
Lagumbay vs. Comelec, 16 SCRA 175 VELASCO
Loong vs. Comelec, 257 SCRA 1 ATIENZA
Chu v. Comelec, 319 SCRA 482 BACOLOD
Velayo vs. Comelec, 327 SCRA 713 BAJADOR
Cordero vs. Comelec, 310 SCRA 118 BAUTISTA
Trinidad vs. COMELEC,320 SCRA 836 BORBE
Villegas vs. COMELEC, 99 SCRA 5892 CALSO
Pataray vs. COMELEC,274 SCRA 470 CASTILLO
Allarde vs. COMELEC,159 SCRA 623 DE GUZMAN
Dipatuan vs. COMELEC,185 SCRA 86 DEL MUNDO

XIV. election contests

Sec. 17 Art. VI 1987 Constitution
The 2010 rules of the presidential electoral tribunal
The 2011 rules of the house of representatives electoral tribunal
Sec. 254 OEC Procedure in election contests
Rule 20, Part V, Comelec Rules of Procedure
Rule 28, Part V, Comelec Rules of Procedure
Rule 35 Part VI, Comelec Rules of Procedure
Commission on Elections
Regional Officials
Provincial Officials
City Officials ( Sec 2(2). Art IX-C, PC; Sec 249 BP 881)
Regional Trial Court
Municipal Officials ( Sec 2(2), Art IX-C, PC; Sec 251, BP 881,
Metropolitan Trial Court, Municipal Circuit Trial Court, and Municipal
Trial Court
Barangay Officials [ Sec 2(2), Art IX-C, PC; Sec 252 BP 881;]
Sangguniang Kabataan( Sec 1, RA 7166)
De Castro vs. COMELEC 267 SCRA 806 DELA CRUZ
Taule vs. SANTOS 200 SCRA 512, 1991 DELOS REYES
Carlos v. Angeles, 346 SCRA 571 DINAQUE
Guerrero vs. COMELEC, 336 SCRA 458 ESEQUE
Toapcio vs. Paredes, 23 Phil. 238 GONDA
Samad vs. Comelec, 224 SCRA 631 GUTIERREZ
Bondoc vs. Pineda, 201 SCRA 792 KINTANAR
Rasul vs. Comelec, 313 SCRA 18 KO
Mutuc vs. Comelec, 22 SCRA 662 LOMOD

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Puzon vs. HRET, G.R. no. 85079 Feb. 7, 1989 MANALO
Poe, Jr. vs. Arroyo, PET case no. 0002, March 29, 2005, MORALES
Tecson vs. COMELEC 424 SCRA 277 OASAN

XV. election offenses

Secs 261-269 OEC
Sec. 27 RA 6646
-SungavsCOMELEC 288 SCRA 76 OZAETA
-COMELEC vsNoynay 292 SCRA 354 PAMIS
-Lozano vs Martinez, 285 SCRA 256 PATULOT
-ComelecvsEspaol, 417 SCRA 554 PEDRAJAS
-COMELECvsNoynay 292 SCRA 354 REMO
-Juan vs People 322 SCRA 125 ROBENIOL
-Kilosbayan vs. COMELEC, G.R. No. 128054, October 16, 1997, SALVADOR
-Mappala vs. Nuez, 240 SCRA 600 SANDICO
-Naldoza vs. Lavilles,254 SCRA 286 SANDOVAL
-De Jesus vs. People, 120 SCRA 760 SOTTO


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