Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 2

American life

The automobile in the 1920s created many industrial jobs, because the cars were being
built in the US by Americans. Whereas the computers affected Americans everyday lifes. As the
economy developed through the 1990s, the continued loss of industrial jobs and lack of
technological skills forced many people into service industry jobs where wages were low and
benefits scarce.
1

Central to the new economy was the automobile and those industries and jobs that made
the car part of the American landscape. The more than $32 billion Eisenhower allocated to build
an interstate highway system represented only a fraction of funds spent on road construction by
all levels of government.
2
As bridges and streetcar lines pushed outward from the city center,
cities annexed suburban areas. In 1860 Chicago had occupied 17 square miles; forty years later,
it took in 190 square miles. Boston grew from 5 square miles to 39, and St. Louis from 14 square
miles to 61. As streetcars expanded the city, suburb-ban railroad lines began to bring more
distant villages within commuting distance of urban centers.
3

Technological developments by the mid-1970s were opening new fields and business
opportunities, especially in communications and electronics.
4
With Apple and IBM leading the
way, office and personal computers restructured the process of handling information and
communications, spawning a new wave of tech companies and a new crop of millionaires such
as Bill Gates.
5
The explosion of information technology in the 1990s was only a beginning. As
the nation entered the twenty-first century, the industry continued its innovations and tumultuous
growth, spreading around the globe.
6
The outcome has been a revolution affecting everything
from social chit-chat and politics to the foods we eat, medical breakthroughs that save countless
lives, and how we learn about events across the globe. New words like googling, smart
phones, iPhone, apps, and tweeting have become universally used jargon.
7


The computers and automobiles both affected America lifes economically for the best,
but they also contributed to social changes. Automobiles made it easier for Americans to travel
from place to place therefore expanding the cities. Computers affected Americans way of
communication, now a days it is easier to keep in touch with many people at once and
immediately with ease.

1
Gormly, James, Carol Berkin, Christopher Miller, and Robert Cherny. Entering a New Century, 1922- 2010." In
Making America: A History of the United States. : Wadsworth, 2013. 903
2
Gormly, James, Carol Berkin, Christopher Miller, and Robert Cherny. Quest for Census, 1952- 1960." In Making
America: A History of the United States. : Wadsworth, 2013. 800
3
Gormly, James, Carol Berkin, Christopher Miller, and Robert Cherny. Life in the Gilded Age, 1865- 1900." In
Making America: A History of the United States. : Wadsworth, 2013. 494
4
Gormly, James, Carol Berkin, Christopher Miller, and Robert Cherny. New Economic and Political Alignments,
1976- 1992." In Making America: A History of the United States. : Wadsworth, 2013. 883
5
Gormly, James, Carol Berkin, Christopher Miller, and Robert Cherny. New Economic and Political Alignments,
1976- 1992." In Making America: A History of the United States. : Wadsworth, 2013. 882
6
Gormly, James, Carol Berkin, Christopher Miller, and Robert Cherny. Entering a New Century, 1922- 2010." In
Making America: A History of the United States. : Wadsworth, 2013. 902
7
Gormly, James, Carol Berkin, Christopher Miller, and Robert Cherny. Entering a New Century, 1922- 2010." In
Making America: A History of the United States. : Wadsworth, 2013. 903