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Thracian Gold from Bulgaria

THE LEGENDS BECOME ALIVE

2013

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Phiale
Gold
6th c. BC

. ;


;

;


VI . . .
4 ; D 18

. --02305

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. -

.
: , 2011, 29
. .

109

26

Skyphos
Silver, gilding
Second or third quarter of the 4th c. BC


- IV . . .

7,6 ; D 9,6
,
.
. 47302

.
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: , 2006, 4247
. .

110

27

Phiale
Silver, gilding
2nd c. BC

,
. . .
,
6,7 ; D 18,4
,
.
. 35705

, ,
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.
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, .


. .

OZ= = .
: , 1996, 23, 922;
Pfrommer, 1993, 5 f
. .

111

28

Kylix
Silver
End of the 4th c. beginning of the 3rd c. BC

V . . .


10 ; D 10
,
.
. 24101

,

.
:
98,2% 1,8% ,
, .
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.

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(,
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.


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112

29
-
Signet Ring
Gold
2nd c. BC

. . .
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2,6 ; D 1,95
,
.
. 37675

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114

30

Hydria
Bronze
Middle of the 6th c. BC

. , ,
VI . . .
44 ; D 21,5

. --02150

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: , 2012
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116

31

Rhytons with Deers Protome
Silver, gilding
Second half of the 4th c. BC

, .

-
;

,
;
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IV . . .
26 ; D 10,1

. --02235

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IV . . .
19,2 ; D 10,5

. --02154

. 31
: . , 2009, 22
. .

33

, . , ,
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IV . . .
26 ; D 10,1

. --02155

. 31
: . , 2009; 20
. .

118

34

Situla
Silver
Second half of the 4th c. BC

. , , , ,

IV . . .
29 ; D 26,527,2

. --02204


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.

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, ).
: . , 2009, 41
. .

119

35

Wine Strainer
Silver, gilding
End of the 4th c. BC

, . , .


IV . . .
202 ; D 8

. --02306

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: , 2011, 55
. .

120

36

Ladle
Silver, gilding
4th 3rd c. c. BC

, . ,
IVIII . . .
16,5 ; D 4,5

. --00339

- (. kyathos)
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, .

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124

37


Jug
Rogozensky treasure
Silver, gilding
First half of the 4th c. BC


V . . .
17,9
,
.
. 540

, , / ,
,
. .
: 96,8% ,
3,2% , , ,
, .
,
,
. :
(, /
). , -
.

, .

:
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.

,

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. ,
.
: ihailov, 1989, 6870;
, 1996, 252, .; , 2002, 43, .
. .

126

38


Phiale
Rogozensky treasure
Silver
End of the 5th irst half of the 4th c. BC

V V . . .
3,6 ; D 14,8
,
.
. 479

,

.
, .

. , (96,3%)
(3,7%). .

,
, .
, V .
. . .
,
,
:
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. , , ,
.
: ihailov, 1989, 6870;
, 1996, 252, .; , 2002, 43, .
. .

127

39


Phiale
Rogozensky treasure
Silver
First half of the 4th c. BC

V . . .
3,7 ; D 12,4
,
.
. 585

,

.
, .

. ,
(96,3%) (3,7%).

,
.

. . ,


.
: , 1996, 252, .; ,
2002, 43, .
. .

128

40


Phiale
Rogozensky treasure
Silver
First half of the 4th c. BC

V . . .
3,9 ; D 12,4
,
.
. 576

. 39,
, , ,
.
: , 1996, 252, .
. .

129

41


Phiale
Rogozensky treasure
Silver
First half of the 4th c. BC

V . . .
3,6 ; D 12,2
,
.
. 592

. 39, ,
.
: ,1996, 252, .
. .

1974 . ,
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132

42
-

Jug-Rhyton
Borovo treasure
Silver, gilding
First half of the 4th c. BC

.
, (97,2%),
(2,8%), ,
,

( );
;
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V . . .
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18,2 ; D 10,3
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. II 361


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(?),
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.
: , 1975, 1421;
, 1986, 4652; , 1992,
242253; Penkova, 1994, 231252
. .

134

43


Rhyton with Sphinxs Protome
Borovo treasure
Silver, gilding
First half of the 4th c. BC

,
V . . .
. ,
21,5 ; D 10,7
, .
. II 358

:
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( ),
, . 94,5 97,4%. ( ,
, 5,5 2,6%).
( 0,01%).
( ) ,
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,

. .
.
,
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.
,
V . . .
, .

.
. ,
.
: KOTYO E BEO.
: , 1975, 17;
, 1978, 6270
. .

135

44


Rhyton with Horses Protome
Borovo treasure
Silver, gilding
First half of the 4th c. BC

,
V . . .
. ,
20,8 ; D 10,2
, .
. II 357

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. , .

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.
.


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, .
.

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.

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:
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.
: KOTYO E BEO.
: , 1975, 20; ,
1978, 5053
. .

136

45


Rhyton with Bulls Protome
Borovo treasure
Silver, gilding
First half of the 4th c. BC

,
V . . .
. ,
16,5 ; D 8,8
, .
. II 359

: , ( ), , , .
, , .
93,7 96,3%.
( , , 6,3 3,7%). . .
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. ,
,
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. ,

I
.
: , 1975, 21; ,
1978, 7073
. .

46


Bowl
Borovo treasure
Silver, gilding
First half of the 4th c. BC

,
V . . .
. ,
11,2 ; D 29
, .
. II 360


. .
-
99,3%
(0,7%). () .

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: , 1975, 16; ,
1999, 88
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, (Hom. Ilyad. XXIII, 3060; 165225;
235245), . , (I . . .)
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(Mela II 2, 2223).

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140

47

Mask
Gold
First half of the 5th c. BC

. , ,
V . . .
36,730,64,5 ; : 40,53,1 ;
28,76,4

. --02232; 1
--02219

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.
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.
: Marazov, Kabakchieva, 2007,
5; , 2011, 39
. .


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144

48

Wreath
Gold
Second quarter of the 4th c. BC

. , ,
IV . . .
D 19 ;
4,5 ;
2
,
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. 50454

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19
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48.1

Appliques of a Diadem
29 items
Gold

29 .
.
D 2,1 ; 1
,
.
. 50454


.
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,
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, , , ;
,
, .
: Agre, 2006, 6875; ,
2011
. .

146

49

Signet Ring
Gold
First half of the 4th c. BC

.

IV . . .
D 2,5 ; 2 ;
2 ;
23
,
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. 50453


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: Agre, 2006, 6875; ,
2011
. .

148

50

Rhyton with Deers Head
Silver, gilding
First half of the 4th c. BC

, . ,

V . . .
17,0 ; D 9,9
,
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: Agre, 2006, 6875; ,
2011
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150

51

Greave, Left
Silver, gilding
First half of the 4th c. BC

, . , ,

V . . .
46,6
,
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. 50457

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: Agre, 2006, 6875; ,
2011
. .

152

52

Tray
Bronze
First half of the 4th c. BC

. , ,

IV . . .
5,3 ; D 35,9 ; 8
,
.
. 52190


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: , 2011
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153

53

Spearhead
Iron
First half of the 4th c. BC

.
IV . . .
54,76,8 ; D 2,2
,
.
. 52191/1


.
.
.
,
.
: , 2011
. .

154

54

Spearhead
Iron
First half of the 4th c. BC

.
IV . . .
54,97,0 ; D 2,3
,
.
. 57502


.
.
.
,
.
: , 2011
. .

155

55

Horse Harness
Silver
First half of the 4th c. BC

.

V . . .
,
.

156

55.1

55.2

Bridle Frontlet

4,62,24,3 ; D 0,8
. 51344

.
8.
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;
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: , 2011
. .

Two Plaques

670,2
. 51345/1, 51345/2


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.
: , 2011
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55.3

55.4

Two Cheekpieces

6,94,1 ; 1
. 51344/1, 51344/2

, -, , .
,
.
, .
: , 2011
. .

Hanging Decorations

1 ; D 1,7 ; D 0,5
. 51348

. ,
.
: , 2011
. .

158

55.5

55.6

Ring

D 2,5 ; 0,3
. 51349

.
: , 2011
. .

Cheekpiece Plaque

53,70,2
. 51355

. ,
, .
.
.
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, .
: , 2011
. .

159

55.7

55.8

Strings of Beads
200 items

Bridle Frontlet

1 ; D 1
. 51344
200 .
0,91,3 ; D 0,6
. 51350

, ,
,
2 4.
: , 2011
. .


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161

56

Horse Harness
Bronze
8th 7th c. c. BC

VV . . .

,
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-
,
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,

.

56.1

Bridle Frontlet

414,810
. 59080

.
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162

56.2

Horse Harness (Plaque)

45,62
. 59082

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163

56.3

Horse Harness (Plaque)

573,5
. 59081

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164

57

Horse Harness
Silver alloy
Second half of the 4th c. BC

. , ,

IV . . .

. --02237 --02240

, .

4,52,73,37
.

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7,13,37 ; 7,34,1
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166

58

Horse Harness
Silver
First half middle of the 3rd c. BC

. , , ,
.

III .
. .

. --02242 --02245

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18,89

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.

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No. 2630; , 2011, 153
. .

170

59

Horse Harness
Gold
End of the 4th beginning of the 3rd c. BC

. , , ,

IV III . . .

. --02196 --02201

, ,
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23,32,5

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4,8
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: . , 2009, 68
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172

60

Horse Harness
Silver, bronze
Second half of the 4th c. BC

, . , , ,

IV . . .

. --02187 --02184

,
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.

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D 19,820,8
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2,3 ; D 0,4
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2 .

11,211,7
S- .

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S
.
: . , 2009, 64
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176

61

Horse Harness
Silver
Second half of the 4th c. early 3rd c. BC

. ,

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IV III .
. .

. --02310 -- 02311

7,84,45,92,8
.
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8,36,9

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. .

177

178

62

Horse Harness
Silver
Second half of the 4th c. BC

. , ,

IV . . .
6,93,4 ; 6,83,4 ; 6,73,4 ;
6,83,3

. --02320

,
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: , 2011, 158
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179

62.1

Plaque
Silver
Second half of the 4th c. BC

. ,
IV . . .
6,36,3

. --02319

.
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360340 BC

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Red-Figure Lekythos
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360340 BC

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105

Red-Figure Oinochoe
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Second quarter of the 4th c. BC

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109

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Middle of the 3rd c. BC

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Gold
Middle of the 3rd c. BC

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111

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Middle of the 3rd c. BC

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112

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Ceramics
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113

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114

Red-igure Pelika
Ceramics
Second or third quarter of the 4th c. BC

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297

115

Red-igure Oinochoe
Ceramics
Second or third quarter of the 4th c. BC

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116

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117

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118

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4th 3rd c. . BC

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N. 35; . 2009, 78
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302

119

Hemispherical Vessel
Silver, gilding
Second half of the 4th c. BC

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N. 35
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N. 15
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121

Rhyton with Deers Protome
Silver, gilding
End of the 4th c. BC

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N. 24; . , 2009, 23
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308

122

Phiale
Silver, gilding
Beginning of the 3rd c. BC

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310

123

Jug in the Shape of a Pine Cone
Silver
4th c. BC

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Ceramics
4th 3rd c. c. BC

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10
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313

125

Terracotta igurine
Ceramics
4th 3rd c. c. BC

V . . .
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9,7
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314

126

Terracotta igurine
Ceramics
4th 3rd c. c. BC

V . . .
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101, 1995 .
10,4
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. 41535

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315

127

Terracotta igurine
Ceramics
4th 3rd c. c. BC

V . . .
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101, 1995 .
11,4
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. 38023

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316

128

Terracotta igurine
Ceramics
4th 3rd c. c. BC

V . . .
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101, 1995 .
9,1
,
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. 38021

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317

129

Terracotta mask
Ceramics
4th 3rd c. c. BC

V . . .
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101, 1995 .
5
,
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130

131

Terracotta mask
Ceramics
4th 3rd c. c. BC

V . . .
,
101, 1995 .
4,4
,
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. 38022

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Terracotta mask
Ceramics
4th 3rd c. c. BC

V . . .
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101, 1995 .
4,6
,
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. 38025

, . : ,
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319

132

133

Terracotta mask
Ceramics
4th 3rd c. c. BC

V . . .
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101, 1995 .
3,8
,
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. 38024

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Terracotta mask
Ceramics
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Summary

350


, 2007. .

. , //
2006 . .
, 2011. .
. .
, 1984. . .
. -.
, 2003. . . //
. . 1. .
.
, 2003. . . . .
, , , 1991. . ., . ., . ( IV .
. .). .
, 2007. .
. .
, 2007. .
.

(V .
. . I .). .
, 1966. . .
. .
, 2004. .
V .
. . //
. . .
, 1983. . . . .
, 1910. .

1908 . // . . 35.
.
, , 1971. . ., .
// . . . .
, 2011. .

( . . .), . .
, 1987. .

// . 3.
.

, 1957. . // . XXI. .
, 1961. . . .
, 1966. .
// .
, 1974. . . .
, 1975. . . .
, 1983. .
. .
, 1992. . . .
, 1996. . . .
, , 1973. ., . . .
, , , 1999. ., ., . . .
, 1997. . . , //
.
, 1997. . .
:
// HELLAS.
. .
, 1999. . . . //
.
5. .
, 2000. . .
// Colloquia
Classica et Indoeuropeica. II. .
, 2001. . .
// . 4.
, 1972. . .
. .
, 1940. . .
//
. . VII. .-.
, 2006. .
. . . .
, 1950. .
//
.

, 2006. .
// . V.
, 1989. . .

// . IIV. .
, 1993. . .
. .
, 2008. . .

.
.
, 2006. . . ,
//

. OikoV. VII
. .
, , 2012. . ., . . Rankenfrau - //
.
. . . 189. .
, 1975. .
. // .
, 1977. . .
-
a // .
, 1982. .
// .
, 1989. . . // . .
, 1988. . . . // .
, 2002. . .

? 12 //
. 34.
, 1998. .
,
VV . // . 12. .
, 1973. . . IV . . . // . .
, 1995. . - ,

351

. , ,
.
, , , 1994. ., ., .
4 // . 4. .
, 2000. . (.).
. .
, 1995. . . // ., . . . VIV . . .
, 2002. . .


VIIVI . . . // . . 21. .
. , 2009. .
. . .
, 1986. . . . //
. . . . . .
, 2005. .
.
. .
, 1988. .
// .
, 1996. . //
.
, 1999. . // . 3. .
, 2005. . . .
, 2005a. .
// . 14. .
, 2006. .
. . .
, 2008. . (
) // .
, 2008. . // . . . .
, 2000. .
//
. 3.
, 1997. . -


.
// .
, , 1999. ., .
. (
) // .
, 1983. .
. . , //
. 4. .
, 1993. . .
. .
, 1980. . . - //
. . .
, 1984. . .

//
.
, 2004. . //

. .
, 2006. . //
. .
, 2012. .
//
. .
, 1962. . .
// . VII.
, 1975. . . // Archeologia. XXVI.
, 1980. .
// Actes du IIe Congrs international de
Thracologie (Bucarest, 410 sept. 1976): I.
Histoir et archologie. Bucureti.
, 1973. .
// . .
, 1975. .
// . 2. .
, 1976. . // .
, 1978. .
. .
, 1980. . -

// .
.
, 1985. .
// . 8. .
, 1986. . . // . .
, 1992. . ,
. .
, 1994. .
. .
, 1994a. .
. .
, 1996. . . . .
, 2000. . // .
, 2003. .
/ //
.
, 2007. .
.
// . . 2. .
, 2008. . Quis autem
erat Epimenes? //
. .
, 2008. .
. // . .
, 2009. .
. // .
, 2010. . . .
, 2011. .
//
. . .
, 2011. .
// . .
, 2011. . . .
, 2011. .
. .
, 2012. . ,
, , // . , . .
. .
, 2013. .
. .

352

, , 2012. .,
. . .
, , , 2012.
., ., .
. .
, 1978. . .

// . .
, 1902. . . . 1900
1901 . // XII
. I. .
, 1976. . . // -
. .
, 1979. . . . .
, 1981. . . . .
, 1988. .

- //
. 29. .
, 2005. . .
. . .
, 1989. .
// . .
, 1973. . .
.
. //
. .
, 1975. . .
//
Studia Thracica. - . .
, 1979. . .
. .
, , 2005. . ., . .
IV . . . (, ). .
, 1979. . .
. .
, 1968. . .
. .
, 1986. . //
. .

, , , 1987. ., ., .
// .
12. .
, 1977. . .
//
. .
, 1994. . . . .
, , 2002. . ., . .
()
// . ( 8-
. ,
1315 2001 .). .
, , 2004. . ., . . :
? //
. . 11. .
, , 2005. . ., . .
//
:
. . .
, , , 2002.
. ., . ., . .
//
: . . II. .
, 2002. . . //
Apotheosis (=-7).
, 2012. .
. .
, 2010. .
.
(Studia Thracica 13). .
, 1969. . .
. .
, 1986. . .
. .
, 1999. . ,
( ) //
Studia in memoriam Magistri Prof. G.
Mihailov (=ThA 10). .
, 1977. . .
- . .

, 1981. . . // .
3.
, 1983. . .
//
, . .
, 1985. . .
. .
, 1986. . . . .
, 1997. . . // .
, 1999. . .
//
. .
, 2001. . . : // .
.
. . . .
, 2013. . . . // . . ,
. . , . . . . .
, , 1917. . ., . . - // .
. 63. .
, 1986. . .
. //
.
, 1992. . .
. .
, 1992. . .
i //
i. 3. .
, , 1999. . .,
.
. .
, 1979. . . //

. .
, 2006. . .
//
-

353

, X. ,

.
, 1906. . . //
. . 19. .
, 1999. .

//
.
Seminarium Thracicum.
, , , ,
, 2006. ., ., ., ., . . .
, , 1988. . ., . . . .
, 2002. . V . . . // .
. .
, 1956. .
// . . . X.
, 1987. . .


*svnt //
. .
, 1991. . . .-.
sm- . ( , ,
;
) // . . .
, 1996. . .
. , //
. .
, 2005. .
. .
, 2005. .
. . .
, 2001. . . Rankenfrau
// ANACARSIS. . . . . . XI.
.
, 1995. . .
// . 1.
, 2005. . .
. -

//

. , // .
. VI. .
, 2005. . .
.
(1897 .) // :
.
. .
, 1986. . . .
, 1990. .
. .
, 1991. . // . 8.
. .
, 1997. . . .
, 1998. .
. .
, 1998. .
. .
, 2002. . .
. . .
, 2009. . .
.
, 2011. . ,

// .
. .
, 2013. .
, -
. .
, 2008. .
. .
, 1969. . . ,
(IV . . . .) // .
XXXI.
, 1985. . // .
. (. , , 77, 1984, 2). .
, 2008. .
// 12.
, 2012. . . // . .
, 2012. . . : . , . .

. .
, 1997. . .
. : .
. 2. .
, 1989. . .
. .

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359

Summary

Thracian Gold from Bulgaria. The Legends become alive


exhibition, organized by the State Historical Museum of the
Russian Federation, is dedicated to the culture of ancient
Thrace. Several public and private museums from the Republic of Bulgaria had provided an impressive set of works
of ancient art, for the irst time in history presented in such
great numbers to the Russian audiences. The exhibition is
held under the auspices of the Ministry of Culture of the
Russian Federation and the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Bulgaria. Organizers and participants of this exhibition from the Bulgarian side include the National Museum of History, Soia; the Plovdiv Regional Archaeological
Museum; the Rouse Regional Historical Museum; the Vratsa Regional Historical Museum; the Lovech Regional Historical Museu; the Thrace Foundation with Vassil Bojkov
Museum and the Museum of ARETFOL Foundation,
with the State Historical Museum of the Russian Federation
serving as the organizer and the host of the exhibition.
The Russian audience of the exhibition had been given
the opportunity to get acquainted with the unique archeological inds of the historical period between the 8th century
before the Common Era (abbreviated in this edition as BC)
and the 3rd century of the Common Era. These treasures
were discovered in the modern Republic of Bulgaria during
archaeological excavations of the tombs of Thracian aristocracy as well as in the numerous troves buried during the
Thracian era.
Most of the presented objects of art and material culture
originated in the world-famous inds, such as the Rogozen
and Panagyurishte troves, including the Apollonian service
from the latter trove, and other parts of the cultural and historical heritage of Bulgaria; as such they were well-known
to all admirers of archaeology, both professionals and amateurs. Numerous other creations of the ancient masters of
toreutics, possibly not as famous, but no less unique, appeared in their golden splendor before the visitors of this
breathtaking exhibition. Many of these had not been previously exhibited outside of their museums of provenance.

The exhibition assembled in one space a large collection


of treasures of ancient metalworking that included various
vessels and phials, articles of gold and silver, as well as ritualistic and ceremonial service sets made from precious metals.The rest of the exhibited objects had generated equally
high interest: a variety of items of jewelry; richly decorated
horse harness; parts of ofensive and defensive armor; ancient pottery and terracotta statues; ritualistic items made of
gold, silver, bronze, iron, clay, marble, and other materials.
Of note is the fact that all of these marvels of ancient culture were not only objects of art but also carried signiicant
semantic meaning, as almost every piece is decorated with
images based on mythological subjects, popular among the
Thracians.
The exhibition is the result of extensive work of Bulgarian and Russian scientists in their studies of various aspects
of ancient history of Thrace and the Northern Black Sea
region. This joint exhibition project of the museums of
two countries is of great interest for the Russian public and
serves as a great example of an efective and eicient co-operation of scientists, museum professionals and politicians
in Russia and Bulgaria.
This book, comprising the detailed catalog of the exhibition, is expected to be of interest to historians, archaeologists, art historians, as well as all museum visitors interested
in the history of ancient Thrace.

902/904
63.4(3)
82
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