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9/30/2014 Macro Placement ~ VLSI Basics And Interview Questions

http://www.vlsi-basics.com/2013/07/macro-placement.html 1/6
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Macro Placement
Macro Placement:
Macros placement is done manually based on the connectivity with
other macros and also with I/O pads. Flylines are used for placing
macros manually. Fly/flight lines are virtual connections between
macros and also macros to I/O pads. This helps the designer to get an
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lines act as guidelines to the designer to reduce the routing resources
to be used.
Based on these connections macros and I/O Pads/pins, Flylines are 3
types
1. Macro to Macro flylines.
2. Macro to I/O flylines.
3. Pin to Pin flylines.
1. Macro to Macro flylines:

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9/30/2014 Macro Placement ~ VLSI Basics And Interview Questions


http://www.vlsi-basics.com/2013/07/macro-placement.html 2/6
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Figure(1): Macro to Macro
flylines
As shown in above figure(1), When two macros are selected for macro
to macro flylines, The total number of connections between them are
shown. This gives an idea to the designer about which two macros to
be placed closer. Hence, The two macros are placed closer to each
other as shown in above figure (1) (Right side)
2. Macro to I/O flylines:
Figure(2): Macro to I/O flylines
As shown in above figure(2), when macro to I/O port Pin flylines are
selected, the total number connections between macro and IO pins are
shown. This gives an idea to the designer to identify the macros to be kept at
the corners of the die or block. Hence the macro is placed closer to the periphery.
9/30/2014 Macro Placement ~ VLSI Basics And Interview Questions
http://www.vlsi-basics.com/2013/07/macro-placement.html 3/6
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3. Pin to Pin flylines:
If two macros are selected for pin to pin fly lines, the virtual
connections are shown and the much preciously connection to exact
pin to pin will be shown. This guides the designer to choose an
appropriate cell orientation (figure(3)) for the macros and as a
resultant will be efficient routing.
Figure 3(a): Pin to Pin flylines
Figure 3(b): Cell Orientation (MY 90) based on
Pin to Pin flylines
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