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Tips for SPM Bahasa Melayu and English 1119

Notice:
Both Bahasa Melayu and English are rather difficult to score in SPM. In SPM 2012, many
excellent students in my school and college failed to get A+ for either one or both of the
subjects. I also got only A for English. These 2 subjects have very strict marking scheme, and
the minimum marks required to get A+ is usually high (around 85 to 90). If you are aiming to
get A+ for these 2 subjects, make sure you are fully prepared. Also, because I did not get A+
for English, if you aim for A+ in English, it may be better for you to seek advice from others
who got A+ rather than following my tips below.


SPM Bahasa Melayu:

1. Studying tips
- To prepare for this subject, you have to continuously improve your language skills in every
day life. Try to speak and write more in Malay language, and read more Malay books,
magazines and newspaper.
- You are adviced to attend tuition if possible. If you live in Kulim, I recommend you to go to
Pusat Tuisyen Inisiatif Utama for the tuition.
- Before the exam, you mainly need to prepare for Karangan and KOMSAS.
- You should memorise some good Pendahuluan, Penutup and Ayat judul so that you can use
them when writing your essay. It is advisable to choose those that can be used in various
types of essays and contain ungkapan menarik. Your school or tuition teacher should be able
to give you this.
- You need revision book for KOMSAS. I recommend the KOMSAS revision book by Eastview
Publications. You can also use your tuition teacher's notes if you attend tuition. You need to
read, understand and remember the Tema, Persoalan, Latar, Plot, Teknik Plot, Watak &
Perwatakan, Nilai & Pengajaran as well as their examples for the Novel and all Prosa
Tradisional, Puisi, Cerpen and Drama for both Form 4 and Form 5.
- Try to get the list of peribahasa in the syllabus from your school or tuition teacher. You
should understand and remember all the peribahasa and their meaning and usage. This will
help you to answer the Peribahasa questions in the Tatabahasa section. Usually 2 of the 3
questions are based on the peribahasa in the syllabus.
- To prepare for Rumusan and Tatabahasa, you have to regularly do exercises. You should
also do exercises for all other sections occasionally. However, avoid spending too much time
writing Karangan.

2. Karangan Bahan Rangsangan
- Materials will be given. Read the question and material given carefully. The question will ask
you to write an essay on a particular topic. In most cases, the material given is relevant to the
topic, but sometimes it may not be related to the topic. If the material given is relevant to the
topic, you must use points from the materials given. If the material given is not relevant to the
topic, then you should ignore the materials given and give your own ideas.
- You should write 1 Pendahuluan, 3 Isi and 1 Penutup. Usually, the material given will
contain 3 or more points, but sometimes it may contain only 1 or 2 points. If there are only 1
or 2 points in the material given or if the material given is not relevant to the topic, you need to
add in your own ideas to make 3 Isi. If there are more than 3 points in the materials given,
choose either 3 of them to write, or you can also combine 2 points in 1 Isi if they are related to
each other.
- Make sure your essay is more than 200 words. Marks will be deducted if your essay is less
than 200 words. However, you can write more than 250 words (although the question states
that your essay must be between 200 and 250 words), and there is no limit on how long you
are allowed to write. Your marks will not be deducted and the examiner will continue to mark
your whole essay. You are advised to write your essay between 300 and 600 words.

3. Karangan Respons Terbuka
- There will be 5 questions. Usually the first 4 questions are factual/argumentative essay,
while the 5th question is related to literature. Some of them may be formatted writing. Read all
the questions carefully and choose the question that you are most confident in. If possible,
avoid choosing the question on writing a story unless you are very good at writing stories.
- In your essay, there should be 1 Pendahuluan, at least 4 Isi and 1 Penutup. You are advised
to write 5 Isi if possible. If it is formatted writing, make sure that the format is correct. Make
sure that your essay is more than 350 words. Marks will be deducted if your essay is less
than 350 words. It is advisable to write your essay between 600 and 1000 words.

4. Both Karangan Bahan Rangsangan & Karangan Respons Terbuka
- When writing your essay, use the Pendahuluan, Penutup and Ayat judul that you have
memorised earlier if possible. Make some changes to them so that they suit the essay you
are writing. Elaborate clearly on each Isi. Write some relevant examples as well.
- Include a few Ungkapan menarik (such as Peribahasa) in your essay. If your entire essay
has no Ungkapan menarik at all, your essay can be dropped by one grade of the actual grade.
Use a wide variety of words in your essay, including some more difficult words. The sentence
structure should be varied. Your essay should also be interesting. Avoid making grammatical
errors in your essay. Refer to the question often when writing your essay to avoid writing out
of topic.

5. Rumusan
- The question will ask you to summarise on 2 topics, the 1st one is Isi tersurat and the 2nd is
Isi tersirat. Read the question and passage given carefully. Underline the relevant Isi tersurat
in the passage. You should answer in 4 paragraphs, each containing Pendahuluan, Isi
Tersurat, Isi Tersirat and Penutup.
- When writing the Pendahuluan, begin with 'Petikan membincangkan...'. You must replace
the keyword of the question with another word of same meaning. (For example, you must
replace 'langkah' with 'cara' or other words of same meaning.) You must also add either 'di
Malaysia' or 'di dunia' at the end of the sentence, depending on whether the passage given
involves Malaysia only or international. Write in one sentence only.
- When writing Isi Tersurat, you must use relevant points from the passage given. Do not take
any of the elaborations or examples. You need not use your own words and you can copy
directly, but sometimes you may have to make some changes to suit your answer. When
writing Isi Tersirat, you cannot directly use points from the passage. You should give your
own ideas. Your ideas must be logical and relevant. You should write at least 6 Isi Tersurat
and 2 Isi Tersirat. You are advised to write more isi if possible. Marks will only be given for
correct isi, and marks will not be deducted for incorrect isi (But, you must not exceed 120
words).
- When writing the Penutup, your answer should contain 1 Cadangan/Harapan and 1 relevant
Huraian. Write in 1 sentence only. Do not repeat any isi or add in new isi in the Penutup.
- Count the total number of words and make sure that your answer is not longer than 120
words, otherwise the remaining part of your answer will not be marked, and marks may be
deducted. State the exact number of words below your essay. Nama khas, penanda wacana,
peribahasa and kata ganda are counted as one word only. If your answer is longer than 120
words, try cancelling off the unnecessary words in your answer and replacing longer phrase
with shorter phrase of the same meaning. If it still exceeds 120 words, cancel off some of the
extra Isi Tersurat or Isi Tersirat you wrote.
- For all parts of Rumusan, you must answer in continuous writing form and not point form,
otherwise marks can be deducted. You should also write the answer in complete sentences.
Make sure that the grammar is correct. Of the 30 marks for Rumusan, 20 marks is for Isi and
10 marks is for Bahasa. The marks given for Bahasa is usually half of the marks given for Isi if
there are no grammatical errors.

6. Pemahaman
- There are 4 parts, which are Pemahaman Petikan Umum, Prosa Moden, Prosa Tradisional
and Puisi. Read the passage/extract and the questions given carefully. There are 4 types of
questions, which are questions on meaning of phrases, questions based on the passage
given, questions on your own opinion (KBKK) and questions on KOMSAS.
- When answering question on meaning of phrases, replace every word in the phrase with
another word that has the same meaning if possible. If that is not possible, you should explain
the phrase in your own sentence.
- When answering questions based on the passage given, you must look for the answers from
the passage/extract. You need not use your own words and you can copy directly, but
sometimes you may have to make some changes to suit your answer (such as converting
dialogs into text), especially for Puisi and Prosa Tradisional which you must convert into
modern text when writing your answer.
- When answering questions on your own opinion (KBKK), you should give your own ideas
and do not look for the answers from the passage/extract given. Your ideas must be logical
and relevant.
- When answering questions on KOMSAS, it may ask you based on the extract given or
based on the whole story/poem. Give suitable answers that you memorised from revision
books. You should elaborate on every point you write by giving a suitable example.
- For all Pemahaman questions, you must answer in complete sentences and not point form,
otherwise marks can be deducted. Make sure that the grammar is correct. If the question
does not state the number of answers you need to write, then the number of answers needed
depends on the marks allocated. Basically, one answer gives one mark, and for 3 or 4 marks
question, one mark is usually for Bahasa. In all cases, you can give as many extra answers
as you want (except for questions on meaning of phrases, where you can give only one
answer). Marks will only be given for the correct answers, and marks will not be deducted for
wrong or unacceptable answers. It is advisable to write 2 or 3 extra answers for every part of
question.

7. Tatabahasa
- There are 5 parts. When answering, read the questions carefully. For the 1st part, you must
make sentence from the words given. Your sentence must be able to show that you really
understand the meaning of the words given. The sentence do not have to be very long. You
cannot change the Imbuhan, add any Imbuhan or use the words given as a Kata Ganda,
Peribahasa or Nama Khas (unless otherwise stated in the question). For the 2nd part, it will
test you on Sintaksis. Give the most suitable answer according to the question based on your
understanding of Tatabahasa.
- For the 3rd and 4th part, it will test you on Kesalahan Ejaan, Imbuhan, Penggunaan
Kata/Istilah and Tatabahasa. List down the mistakes and correction for every mistake. You
are advised to categorise the mistakes according to the type of mistake. You do not need to
recopy the sentences. For the 5th question, it will test you on Peribahasa. If the question asks
you to explain the meaning of Peribahasa, your answer should be clear and detailed. If the
question asks you to make a sentence using Peribahasa, your sentence must be able to
show that you really understand the meaning of the Peribahasa. The sentence do not have to
be very long. If the question asks you to fill in the blanks using Peribahasa or state a
Peribahasa based on the situation, give the most suitable Peribahasa according to the
question.
- For all questions on Tatabahasa, you cannot give extra answers. If you do so, marks will be
deducted if any of your extra answers is wrong.

8. Novel
- The questions are based on the novels you studied in Form 4 and Form 5. There will be 2
questions. Usually the first question allows you to choose to answer based on either one of
the novels, while the second question requires you to answer based on both novels, and
sometimes you may be asked to make a comparison of both novels. If the question lets you
choose either one of the novels, choose the novel that you are most confident of.
- If the question is about facts (Tema / Persoalan / Latar / Plot / Teknik Plot / Watak &
Perwatakan / Nilai / Pengajaran), give suitable answers that you memorised from revision
books. You should elaborate on every point you write by giving suitable example from the
novel.
- If the question is about your own opinion, you have give your own ideas based on your
understanding of the novel. Your ideas must be logical and relevant. You should elaborate on
every idea you write and relate your ideas to the question and novel.
- For all Novel questions, you must answer in continuous writing form and not point form,
otherwise marks can be deducted. You should also write the answer in complete sentences.
Make sure that the grammar is correct. The 1st question carries 7 marks, where 4 marks is for
Isi and 3 marks is for Bahasa. The 2nd question carries 8 marks, where 6 marks is for Isi and
2 marks is for Bahasa.
- Basically, one point or elaboration gives 1 mark for Isi. In all cases, you can give as many
extra answers as you want. Marks will only be given for correct answers, marks will not be
deducted for wrong answers. It is advisable to write 2 or 3 extra points and elaborations. You
can answer based on novel for other states, but you should do so only if you understand that
novel very well.



SPM English 1119:

1. Studying tips
- To prepare for this subject, you have to continuously improve your language skills in every
day life. Try to speak and write more in English language, and read more English books,
magazines and newspaper.
- You are adviced to attend tuition if possible. I cannot recommend any tuition centre for
English because I never attended English tuition. Try asking around to find out which tuition
centre is the best.
- Before the exam, you mainly need to prepare for Writing, Poem and Novel.
- You should know and remember the format for all kinds of formatted writing. Refer to
revision books or ask your teacher if you do not know the format.
- You need revision notes for literature (Poem and Novel). As far as I know, no literature
revision books in the market is good. You are advised use your tuition teacher's notes. You
need to understand and remember the Theme, Settings, Plot, Characters, Moral values &
Lessons as well as their examples for the Form 5 novel and all poems learnt in both Form 4
and Form 5.
- To prepare for all sections in Paper 2, you have to regularly do exercises. You should also
do exercises for Paper 1 occasionally but do not spend too much time on that.

2. Directed Writing
- Materials will be given. Read the question and materials given carefully. The question will
ask you to write an essay on a particular topic. You must use all the points in the material
given when writing your essay.
- There is no minimum word limit for Directed Writing. However, you are advised to write your
essay longer than 120 words. If the question asks you to add in your own ideas or provide a
suitable introduction/closing, you must do so. If the essay is formatted writing, make sure that
the format is correct. Of the 35 marks for Directed Writing, 15 marks is for Content & Format
and 20 marks is for Language.

3. Continuous Writing
- There will be 5 questions. Usually the 2 questions are factual/argumentative essay, 2
questions are narrative/descriptive essay (such as story) and the other 1 question is one-word
topic essay. Read all the questions carefully and choose the question that you are most
confident in.
- For the one-word topic essay, you are free to write it as either factual/argumentative essay
or narrative/descriptive essay (such as story). But, you must make sure that the entire
essay/story you write is closely related to the meaning of the word given.
- If you are writing factual/argumentative essay, there should be 1 Introduction, at least 4
Body and 1 Closing. Include only one main point in each Body. Make sure your essay is more
than 350 words. Marks will be deducted if your essay is less than 350 words. Avoid writing
exactly the whole essays that you memorised, because if you do so and as a result you score
much better in Continuous Writing compared to Directed Writing, your grade for Continuous
Writing may be dropped.

4. Both Directed Writing & Continuous Writing
- When writing your essay, elaborate clearly on each point you write. Write some relevant
examples as well. You only need to elaborate in 1 or 2 sentences for Directed Writing, but you
need to elaborate longer for Continuous Writing.
- Include a few idioms and phrasal verbs in your essay. Use a wide variety of words in your
essay, including some more difficult words. The sentence structure should be varied. Your
essay should also be interesting, especially for descriptive/narrative essay. Avoid making
grammatical errors in your essay. Refer to the question often when writing your essay to
avoid writing out of topic.

5. Paper 2 Section A
- For Stimuli & Graphic Material, read the materials given and questions carefully. Cancel off
the options that you consider as definitely wrong. Choose the most suitable answer among
the 4 options, based on the materials given.
- For Rational Cloze, it tests you on grammar. Read the passage given carefully. Cancel off
the options that you consider as definitely wrong. Choose the most suitable word to fill in the
blanks in the passage among the 4 options, based on your understanding in grammar.
- For both parts, you should think carefully because sometimes the answers are close to each
other.

6. Information Transfer
- Read the materials and questions carefully. When answering, copy directly from the
materials given and avoid using your own words. However, sometimes you may have to make
some changes to suit your answer. Make sure the spelling in your answer is exactly the same
as the spelling in the materials given. Your answers must be short and precise. Do not add in
any unnecessary details in your answer or write extra answers, otherwise marks may be
deducted due to overlifting. Also, you should not answer in full sentences.

7. Reading Comprehension
- Read the questions and passage given carefully. Answer all questions based on the
passage given. When answering, look for answers from the particular paragraph of the
passage as stated in the question. If the question does not state that you must use your own
words, you can copy directly from the passage and you need not use your own words.
However, sometimes you may have to make some changes to suit your answer.
- If the question states that you must use your own words, then you must answer in your own
words. If the question asks for your own opinion, you should give your own ideas and do not
look for answers from the passage given. Your ideas should be logical and relevant.
- For all questions on Comprehension, you do not need to answer in complete
sentences. Make sure that the spelling in your answer is correct. Your answers must be short
and precise. Do not add in any unnecessary details in your answer or write extra answers,
otherwise marks can be deducted due to overlifting.

8. Summary
- The question will usually ask you to summarise on 2 topics. Read the question and passage
given carefully. Underline the relevant points in the passage that are related to any of the 2
topics.
- When answering, use relevant points from the passage given. Do not take the elaborations
or examples. You must begin your answer using the 10 words given in the question. You do
not need to write any Introduction or Closing. You are advised to answer in your own words
by replacing words taken from the passage with other words of same meaning or by
rephrasing the sentences taken from the passage. You should write a total of at least 10
points. You are advised to write more points if possible. Marks will only be given for correct
points and marks will not be deducted for wrong points (But, you must not exceed 130 words).
- Count the total number of words and make sure that your answer is not longer than 130
words, otherwise the remaining part of your answer will not be marked, and marks may be
deducted. State the exact number of words below your essay. Proper nouns, idioms and
words with hyphen are counted as one word only. If your answer is longer than 130 words, try
cancelling off the unnecessary words in your answer and replacing longer phrase with shorter
phrase of the same meaning. If it still exceeds 130 words, cancel off some of the extra points
you wrote.
- You must answer in continuous writing form and not point form, otherwise marks can be
deducted. You should also write the answer in complete sentences. Make sure that the
grammar is correct. Of the 15 marks for Summary, 10 marks is for Content and 5 marks is for
Language & Paraphrase.

9. Poem
- Read the poem and questions carefully. Answer all questions based on the poem. If the
question does not state that you must use your own words, you can copy directly from the
poem and you need not use your own words. However, you may have to make some
changes to suit your answer. If the question states that you must use your own words, then
you must answer in your own words. If the question asks for your own opinion, you should
give your own ideas and do not look for answers from the poem. Your answer should be
logical and relevant.
- You do not need to answer in complete sentences. Make sure that the spelling in your
answer is correct. Your answers must be short and precise. Do not add in any unnecessary
details in your answer or write extra answers, otherwise marks can be deducted due to
overlifting.

10. Novel
- The question will be based on the novel you studied in Form 5. You can also answer based
on the novel for other states, but you should do so only if you understand that novel very well.
Read the question carefully.
- If the question is about facts (Theme / Settings / Plot / Characters / Moral values / Lessons),
give suitable answers that you memorised from revision books. If the question is about your
own opinion, you have to give your own ideas based on your understanding of the novel. Your
ideas must be logical and relevant. You should also relate your ideas to the novel.
- For all Novel questions, you have to elaborate clearly on every point you write. Give suitable
examples from the novel. You also need to write your personal response (your own opinion
about what you have discussed in your answer). You must answer in complete sentences and
not point form, otherwise marks can be deducted. Make sure that the grammar is correct.
- The question carries 15 marks, where 10 marks is for Content and 5 marks is for Language.
Both the Content and Language marks are given by impression, so the Content marks does
not actually depend on the number of points in your answer. However, you should write at
least 3 elaborations and 1 personal response in your answer. You can give more facts,
elaborations and personal responses if you want to, but you must be careful not to write any
wrong points. For wrong points in your answer, marks will not be directly deducted, but it can
affect the Content marks in overall.

SPM / Answering Tips for SPM Chinese
Here, I am giving some tips on how to answer SPM Chinese. This article is specially for all
Form 4 and Form 5 students this year who will be taking Chinese in SPM 2014 and SPM
2015. For your information, I do not take Chinese for SPM 2012. I took it when I was in Form
4 but later I decided to drop it because it was too difficult. At last, I decided to take Chinese
but in SPM 2013. I registered for SPM 2013 as a private candidate and will take Chinese only.
For every school exam in Form 4 and Form 5, including the SPM Trial, I did sit for Chinese,
but the marks were not included in the SAPS (Sistem Analisis Peperiksaan Sekolah). Anyway,
I still managed to get 90 marks for Chinese during the SPM Trial. So, I want to share some
tips with you. I am sorry that this article is written in English because it is difficult to write an
article like this in Chinese. I hope everybody can get A+ or at least A in Chinese. In the tips
below, I will focus more on the answering techniques and some tips on last-minute studying.


There are 2 papers, Paper 1 and Paper 2. For Paper 1, there are 2 sections. Section A is
Practical Writing () and section B is Continuous Writing (). For Paper 2, there are 3
sections. Section A is Modern Text Comprehension (), section B is Classical Text
Comprehension () and section C is Idioms ().

1. Practical Writing ():
- It will test you on formal letters (), reports () and notice (). Make sure you know
and remember the formats of all the three types of essay very well. Refer to revision books for
the formats. Report of meeting () will not be tested and you can just ignore it.
- Refer to the model questions and answers in revision books. Memorise the sentences that
are commonly used. Use them when writing your essay. For most questions, the way of
answering is similar, you just need to make some suitable changes. Get to know the
important details (such as the time, date, venue, objective, invitation) that have to be included
in your essay and don't forget to write them in your essay.
- In the exam, there will be 2 questions. Choose the one that you are more confident. Do not
answer both. If you do so, only the first one will be marked and the second will be ignored.
Read the question carefully and understand what it wants you to write. Then, start writing your
essay. Make sure that the format is correct for the essay you are writing. Use formal
languages in your essay. Avoid using informal languages and avoid making grammatical
errors and writing words wrongly. If you don't know how to write a word, try replacing it with
others words with same meaning and don't write the hanyu pinyin. Refer to the question
frequently when answering to avoid writing out of topic.
- After you have finished writing, recheck your essay for mistakes and count the number of
words. Correct the mistakes if there are any. The maximum word limit is 120 words. The
words are counted from the salutation () until the name (). You can write up to 124
words without any marks deducted. You are advised to write your essay between 116 and
124 words. If your essay is longer than 124 words, try cutting off the unnecessary words and
phrases. If it still exceeds 124 words, cut off the less important details.

Conversation of text () will not be tested in the exam and you can ignore it.
(Note: and are different.)

2. Continuous Writing ():
- There are 5 questions and you have to choose 1 only. It will test you on a few types of essay,
which is factual (), argumentative (), narrative (), descriptive (),
sentimental () and others. Get to know the types of essay that you are better in and
focus more on them. But, don't ignore the other types of essays, you should prepare for them
as well. Refer to model questions and answers in revision books. Memorise some good
sentences, openings and closings and use them in the exam.
- During the exam, go through all the 5 questions. Choose the one that you are most
confident in. Read the question carefully and understand what it wants you to write.You can
list out some important points for your essay first but don't waste too much time on this. Then,
start writing your essay.
- If you are writing factual/argumentative essay you should have 6 paragraphs, which contains
1 opening, 4 main bodies and 1 closing. It is not advisable to write 5 or more main bodies
because there is not enough time, you may make more mistakes and no extra marks will be
given. Give strong points and elaborate clearly on each point. Give suitable examples. Every
part of your essay should be relevant to the topic. Use formal languages.
- For descriptive/sentimental/narrative essay, your essay should also have 6 paragraphs or
more, depending on the essay you are writing. Your description should be very clear and
detailed. You should describe as if you are in the story or incident. Your essay should be
interesting.
- For general topics that do not state what you have to write (such as ), you are free
to write it as factual or descriptive essay, but it must be relevant to the topic. If you write a
story using the topic given, be very careful. Make sure you address the topic in every
paragraph of your story.
- When writing the essay, avoid making any grammatical errors and avoid writing a word
wrongly. If you don't know how to write a word, try replacing it with others words you know
and don't write the hanyu pinyin. The structure of sentences should be varied. Refer to the
question frequently when writing to avoid writing out of topic.
- After you have finished writing, recheck your essay for mistakes. Correct the mistakes if
there are any. The minimum word limit is 400 words. Your essay must be more than 400
words. You are advised to write your essay between 600 and 1000 words.

3. Modern Text Comprehension ():
There are 4 questions, 3 are text () and 1 is poem (). It will test you on summary (
), comprehension () and grammar ().
a) Summary ():
- Read the question carefully to see what it wants you to summarise on. Note the maximum
word limit that you can write in your answer (Usually it is between 110-130). Read through the
passage given quickly to have an idea on what it is all about. Then, read it again carefully.
- Underline all the points that are related to the question. Check the points that you have
underlined. If there are too few points, look through the passage again for more. If there are
too many points, choose only the important points. Do not take the elaborations and
examples. An important point should be directly related to the question and is able to answer
the question directly and should be chosen. Points that cannot answer the question should
not be chosen. The number of points required is not fixed and it depends on the
question. Usually the total number of points required is between 12 and 18.
- Then, start writing the answer. Write all the points that you have chosen. You need not use
your own words and you can copy directly. However, sometimes you may have to make some
changes (such as changing dialogs to text) so the the points are suitable in the answer. Also,
try to shorten sentences especially long sentences by replacing long phrases with shorter
words and by grouping similar and related words into a single word. Write as many points as
possible without exceeding the word limit. Use sequence connectors to link the points but not
too many.
- After you have finished writing, count the number of words. You can exceed the maximum
word limit by 4 words without any marks deducted. (For example, if the word limit is 120, you
can write up to 124 words). If the number of is less than the word limit, add more points. If
your summary is exceeds the word limit by 5 or more, try cutting off the unnecessary words,
phrases and sequence connectors. If it is still more than that, cut off the less important points.
- Depending on the marking scheme, 1 point may carry 1 or 2 marks. No marks will be
deducted for wrong points. Starting from SPM 2011, all the marks are given for content and
no marks will be given for grammar, but marks may be deducted for grammatical errors. So,
avoid making grammatical errors and writing words wrongly.
b) Comprehension ():
- Go through the questions quickly first. Read through the passage/poem given quickly to
have an idea on what it is all about. Then, read it again carefully. Think carefully to
understand the passage/poem. You can imagine that you are in the situation/story to help
you understand it and understand the feelings of the characters in it. Next, look through the
questions.
- For questions based on the passage/poem, you should get the answers from the passage.
For text, you can copy directly from the passage if it is possible. Sometimes you may have to
make some changes (such as changing dialogs to text) so the the sentences are suitable for
the answer. For poem, you should convert it into text and do not copy the sentences directly
from the poem.
- However, many questions require that you fully understand the passage and give your
answer based on your understanding on the passage/poem. For those questions, it is not
possible to obtain the answers directly from the passage/poem and you have to answer using
your own words.
- For questions on your own opinion, you have to give your own ideas, based on your
understanding on the passage/poem. Your ideas should be logical, suitable and relevant to
the question.
- Then, write your answers. When answering the questions, don't be afraid to give your
answers. Write down everything that you know and understand about the passage/poem and
write down all your ideas and feelings. The marks allocated for a question usually shows the
number of points you have to write. 1 point may carry 1 or 2 marks, depending on the marking
scheme.
- If the question does not state the number of answers that you have to give, you can write as
many answers as you want, but you must be careful. Marks will only be given for correct and
acceptable answers. If you wrote an answer that is not acceptable but it does not contain
wrong facts and is not too far away from the question, no marks will be given and no marks
will be deducted. If you wrote an answer that is not acceptable and contains wrong facts or is
complete out of question, marks may be deducted (wrong cancel right). So, you should give
many and long answers, but take care not to write any wrong facts and don't write answers
that are completely irrelevant to the question.
- If the question states the number of answers that you have to give, you cannot write extra
answers. You have to give short and precise answers. If you give extra answers, those
answers will not be marked and marks may be deducted.
c) For Grammar (),
- It will test you on type of word (), phrase (), components of sentences (),
compound sentences (), language & style () and idioms (). Hanyu pinyin (
) and others will not be tested. Make sure that you understand all the Grammar
components above. Refer to the revision books. Look at the examples given to help you
understand better.
- When answering the questions, give the most suitable answer based on your understanding.
You must give specific answers. Giving extra answers is not allowed. If you do so and any of
your answers is wrong, marks will be deducted (wrong cancel right).

4. Classical Text Comprehension ():
There are 2 questions, 1 is Prose () and 1 is Poem (). It will test you on
Comprehension () and Translation ().
a) Comprehension ():
- Get to know the commonly used traditional words and their meaning and remember them.
Go through as many as possible. Refer to revision books.
- During the exam, go through the glossary given and the questions quickly first. Read the
passage given carefully. Translate the classical text word-by-word then translate it into
modern text. Use the glossary given to help you understand the meaning of some words. If
you really don't understand the meaning of a sentence, skip it first and go to the next
sentence. As you go through and understand the other sentences, this can help you
understand that sentences. Go back to it again after you have gone through the rest of the
passage. You can imagine that you are in the situation/story to help you understand it and
understand the feelings of the characters in it. Next, look through the questions.
- For questions based on the passage/poem, you should get the answers from the
passage/poem. You copy the answers from the passage/poem if possible, but you must
translate it into modern text. Do not copy directly the traditional text from the
passage/poem. Sometimes you may have to make some changes (such as changing dialogs
to text) so the the sentences are suitable for the answer.
- However, many questions require that you fully understand the passage and give your
answer based on your understanding on the passage/poem. For those questions, it is not
possible to obtain the answers directly from the passage/poem and you have to answer using
your own words.
- For questions on your own opinion, you have to give your own ideas, based on your
understanding on the passage/poem. Your ideas should be logical, suitable and relevant to
the question.
- Then, write your answers. When answering the questions, don't be afraid to give your
answers. Write down everything that you know and understand about the passage/poem and
write down all your ideas and feelings. The marks allocated for a question usually shows the
number of points you have to write. 1 point may carry 1 or 2 marks.
- If the question does not state the number of answers that you have to give, you can write as
many answers as you want, but you must be careful. Marks will only be given for correct and
acceptable answers. If you wrote an answer that is not acceptable but it does not contain
wrong facts and is not too far away from the question, no marks will be given and no marks
will be deducted. If you wrote an answer that is not acceptable and contains wrong facts or is
complete out of question, marks may be deducted (wrong cancel right). So, you should give
many and long answers, but take care not to write any wrong facts and don't write answers
that are completely irrelevant to the question.
- If the question states the number of answers that you have to give, you cannot write extra
answers. You have to give short and precise answers. If you give extra answers, those
answers will not be marked and marks may be deducted.

b) Translation ():
- Get to know the commonly used traditional words and their meaning and remember them.
Go through as many as possible. Refer to revision books.
- During the exam, it will ask you to translate sentences or phrases. When translating, replace
every traditional word in the sentence or phrase with a modern word of the same meaning. If
the traditional word is the same as the modern word, you should convert the word into a
phrase. Do not leave any words untranslated. For words that are wrongly translated, marks
will not be given and marks will not be deducted.

5. Idioms ():
- There are a total of 230 Idioms from Remove Class to Form 5. Make sure that you
remember and understand every single one. You must know the Meaning (), Author (
) and Source () of all idioms. Refer to revision books. For the meaning, make sure that
you understand it and not just memorise. For the Author and Source, you must memorise
them. To help you memorise, simply use your imagination and creativity to relate the Author
and Source with the Idioms. You can think of anything, whether it is logical or not, as long as
it helps you remember the Authors and Source for the idioms.
- In the exam, it will ask you to complete the idiom, explain the meaning of idiom, state the
source/author for idiom, write an idiom based on the situation or make a sentence using idiom.
When answering, the words you write must be correct.
- When writing the meaning, don't explain word by word. Instead, give the actual meaning of
the idiom. The meaning does not have to be exactly the same as in textbook/revision book. It
is all right to have slight differences as long as the meaning is still the same.
- When writing an idiom based on the situation, you should understand the situation given
then give the most suitable idiom among the 230 based on the meaning of idioms.
- When making sentences using idiom, your sentence must include the idiom and must show
that you understand the meaning of idiom and know how to use it correctly. Don't make the
sentence too long to avoid making mistakes.

SPM Chinese is really a difficult subject. It is especially difficult to get an A+. The minimum
marks to get A+ for SPM Chinese is usually high, around 90. It is estimated that the A+ mark
this year will be 90. The number of students getting A+ for Chinese in the past year SPM is
not many. For SPM 2011, only 2 students in my school got A+, and for SPM 2012, only 4
students in my school got A+. That is why I chose to drop Chinese in SPM 2012 and take it in
SPM 2013. But, since you have decided to take it, there is only one way. Work hard to score
the best results for it. Make your fullest preparations and answer the best. I wish everybody
good luck!

Tips for SPM Mathematics and Additional Mathematics
For my SPM in year 2012, I got 9A+ and 1A. I got A+ for both Mathematics and Additional
Mathematics. Do you want to know how to score in SPM for these 2 subjects? Here, I am
posting the complete tips for SPM Mathematics and Additional Mathematics. These tips are
intended for Form 4 and Form 5 students this year who are taking SPM 2014 or SPM 2015.

Tips for other SPM subjects can be found here:
http://daniellimjj.blogspot.com/2013/06/complete-tips-for-spm-examination-first.html


Notice:
Although the questions for SPM Mathematics is much easier than Additional Mathematics,
sometimes it may be more difficult to score in SPM Mathematics. The marking scheme for
SPM Mathematics is much stricter than Additional Mathematics (For example, SPM Additional
Mathematics allows multiple answers by the candidate, but Mathematics does not.). The
minimum marks to get A+ for SPM Mathematics is also much higher than Additional
Mathematics. You should therefore prepare for both subjects, not only Additional Mathematics.


SPM Mathematics:

1. Studying tips
- When your teacher is teaching in class, pay attention to what your teacher says. Make sure
you understand everything taught by your teacher. If you do not understand anything, ask
your teacher or friends.
- You need a reference book because the textbook alone is not enough. I recommend you to
use the Success Mathematics SPM reference book by Oxford Fajar.
- When studying a chapter for the first time, read through the notes in the reference book.
Make sure that you understand the concept for that chapter and relate them to what your
teacher had taught in school.
- You need to know how to apply what you have learnt to solve questions. Go through all the
example questions in the revision book. Make sure that you understand how every question is
solved.
- Then, you have to do a lot of exercises. Buy exercise books from the bookshop. You can
start by doing topical questions topic by topic. When you have understood all topics, proceed
with doing SPM model test papers, past year SPM trial questions and past year actual SPM
questions. They should be available from bookshops. After doing the exercises, refer to the
suggested answer or mark scheme and do self marking.
- You should sometimes refer to the mark scheme of past year SPM trial papers to find out
how every question is marked and which steps need to be shown for every question. Usually,
the same types of questions will have similar mark scheme, so this can help you when
answering exam questions.
- When doing revision before exam, you should go through the example questions for all
chapters in the reference book. If you have forgotten the concept for any chapter, go through
the notes in reference book for that chapter again. You should also do some SPM model test
papers or past year papers.
- The SPM Mathematics paper will also test on some Form 1 to Form 3 topics in addition to
Form 4 and Form 5 topics. Make sure that you do not forget those topics. The Success
Mathematics SPM reference books contains some example questions for the Form 1 to Form
3 topics, so you should also go through them.
- For SPM Mathematics Paper 2, the pattern of questions set is similar for every year. You
should familiarise yourself with the pattern by looking at past year questions.

2. Paper 1
- You do not need to show any workings since the questions are objective questions. Write
any rough workings on the question paper if you need to. Solve the question and choose the
correct answer among the 4 options.

3. Paper 2
- There are Section A and Section B. Section A consists of 11 questions where you must
answer all questions, while Section B consists of 5 questions where you can choose any 4.
You are advised to answer all the 5 questions in Section B if you have time. The examiner will
mark all 5 questions and choose the questions where you score the highest marks.
- You must show all workings for every question. You should not skip any important steps.
You do not need to write down the formula used to solve the question. The number of marks
allocated for a question usually shows the amount of working needed. 1 mark will be given for
each important step and the final answer. Marks can only be given for the final answer if the
marks for working are scored. If you do not show a particular important step, marks may not
be given for that step, as well as all important steps after that step and the final answer, even
if they are correct. Therefore, correct answer without working usually scores 0 mark. However,
you do not need to show any working for 1 mark questions.
- On the other hand, if your final answer is wrong but some of your working is correct, you
may still be given some marks. You are not allowed to write extra solutions or answers for any
question. If you do so and any of the answers/solutions is wrong, marks will be
deducted. When copying figures from the question or from your answer for the previous part
of the question, be careful not to copy wrongly.
- If the question does not state that you must or you cannot use a particular method, then you
can use any suitable method to solve the question. However, you are advised to use only
methods that are learnt in Mathematics, and avoid using methods learnt only in Additional
Mathematics or in Form 6 / A-level or higher level unless if you do not know any other method.
If the question states that you must use a particular method, then you can only that method to
solve the question. If the question states that cannot use a particular method, then you cannot
that method to solve the question
- If the final answer is a number with infinite decimal places, you should round up to at least 4
significant figures.You can also write your final answer as a fraction if possible. However, if
the question states that you must express your answer as fraction or decimal, then you must
follow the instruction. If a number with infinite decimal places is involved in between the
workings, you should take at least 4 decimal places (4 significant figures is not sufficient) to
ensure accuracy of the final answer. Otherwise, marks can be deducted if the final answer is
less accurate.
- For questions involving Pi, the question may ask you to use Pi = 22/7. In that case, you
cannot use Pi = 3.142 or the value of Pi from the calculator. You must also follow other
instructions given in the question.

4. Both Paper 1 & Paper 2
- When answering, read the question and information given carefully. For questions involving
diagrams, mark any important details on the diagram. For some questions without diagram,
sometimes it may be helpful to draw a diagram so that you can illustrate the information given
in the question. Apply what you have learnt in mathematics in order to solve the questions
and get the answer. Use the correct concept or formula for every question.
- Certain formula are provided in the first few pages of the question paper, refer to them
if necessary. After you have answered all questions, you should recheck your answers for
mistakes. Leave at least 15 minutes to recheck your answers if possible. When rechecking,
use a different method to solve the question or directly use the calculator if possible.



SPM Additional Mathematics:

1. Studying tips
- When your teacher is teaching in class, pay attention to what your teacher says. Make sure
you understand everything taught by your teacher. If you do not understand anything, ask
your teacher or friends.
- You need a reference book because the textbook alone is not enough. I recommend you to
use the Success Additional Mathematics SPM reference book by Oxford Fajar.
- When studying a chapter for the first time, read through the notes in the reference book.
Make sure that you understand the concept for that chapter and relate them to what your
teacher had taught in school.
- You need to know how to apply what you have learnt to solve questions. Go through all the
example questions in the revision book. Make sure that you understand how every question is
solved.
- Then, you have to do a lot of exercises. Buy exercise books from the bookshop. You can
start by doing topical questions topic by topic. When you have understood all topics, proceed
with doing SPM model test papers, past year SPM trial questions and past year actual SPM
questions. They should be available from bookshops. After doing the exercises, refer to the
suggested answer or mark scheme and do self marking.
- You should sometimes refer to the mark scheme of past year SPM trial papers to find out
how every question is marked and which steps need to be shown for every question. Usually,
the same types of questions will have similar mark scheme, so this can help you when
answering exam questions.
- When doing revision before exam, you should go through the example questions for all
chapters in the reference book. If you have forgotten the concept for any chapter, go through
the notes in reference book for that chapter again. You should also do some SPM model test
papers or past year papers.
- The Additional Mathematics topics may require knowledge and understanding of the
Mathematics topics. Make sure that you understand all the topics in SPM Mathematics.

2. Paper 1
- It is not compulsory to show the workings. If your final answer is correct, full marks will be
given and the workings will not be marked. However, you are strongly advised to show all
workings. If your final answer is wrong but some of your working is correct, the workings will
be marked and you may still be given some marks.

3. Paper 2
- There are Section A, Section B and Section C. Section A consists of 6 questions where you
must answer all questions, Section B consists of 5 questions where you can choose any 4,
while Section C consists of 4 questions where you can choose any 2. You can answer extra
questions in Section B and Section C if you have time. The examiner will mark all questions
and choose the questions where you score the highest marks.
- You must show all workings for every question. You should not skip any important steps.
You do not need to write down the formula used to solve the question. The number of marks
allocated for a question usually shows the amount of working needed. 1 mark will be given for
each important step and the final answer. If you do not show a particular important step,
marks will not be given for that step. Marks can still be given for all other steps and the final
answer if they are correct. Correct answer without working usually scores only 1 mark. If your
final answer is wrong but some of your working is correct, you may still be given some
marks. However, you do not need to show any working for 1 mark questions.

4. Both Paper 1 & Paper 2
- When answering, read the question and information given carefully. For questions involving
diagrams, mark any important details on the diagram. For some questions without diagram,
sometimes it may be helpful to draw a diagram so that you can illustrate the information given
in the question. Apply what you have learnt in mathematics in order to solve the questions
and get the answer. Use the correct concept or formula for every question. Certain formula
are provided in the first few pages of the question paper, refer to them if necessary.
- You are allowed to write extra solutions or answers. Marks will only be given for the correct
answers/solutions, and marks will not be deducted for wrong answers/solutions. When
copying figures from the question or from your answer for the previous part of the question,
be careful not to copy wrongly.
- If the question does not state that you must or you cannot use a particular method, then you
can use any suitable method to solve the question. You can also use methods that are learnt
only in Form 6 / A-level or higher level, if you know them. If the question states that you must
use a particular method, then you can only that method to solve the question. If the question
states that cannot use a particular method, then you cannot that method to solve the question.
- If the final answer is a number with infinite decimal places, you should round up to at least 4
significant figures. You can also write your final answer as a fraction if possible. However, if
the question states that you must express your answer as fraction or decimal, then you must
follow the instruction. If a number with infinite decimal places is involved in between the
workings, you should take at least 4 decimal places (4 significant figures is not sufficient) to
ensure accuracy of the final answer. Otherwise, marks can be deducted if the final answer is
less accurate.
- For questions involving Pi, the question may ask you to use Pi = 3.142. In that case, you
cannot use Pi = 22/7 or the value of Pi from the calculator. You must also follow other
instructions given in the question. After you have answered all questions, you should recheck
your answers for mistakes. Leave at least 15 minutes to recheck your answers if possible.
When rechecking, use a different method to solve the question or directly use the calculator if
possible.

Tips for SPM Chemistry and Physics
For my SPM in year 2012, I got 9A+ and 1A. I got A+ for both Chemistry and Physics. Do you
want to know how to score in SPM for these 2 subjects? Here, I am posting the complete tips
for SPM Chemistry and Physics. These tips are intended for Form 4 and Form 5 students this
year who are taking SPM 2014 or SPM 2015.

Tips for other SPM subjects can be found here:
http://daniellimjj.blogspot.com/2013/06/complete-tips-for-spm-examination-first.html


Notice:
SPM Chemistry and SPM Physics may have different mark schemes and requirements for
similar types of questions. For example, when recording the reading of an instrument in Paper
3, SPM Chemistry requires number of decimal places EQUAL TO HALF of the smallest
division of scale of the instrument, while SPM Physics requires number of decimal places
EQUAL TO the smallest division of scale of the instrument. You should be sure of that and do
not get confused. It is not difficult to get A+ for SPM Chemistry and Physics. You just need to
understand everything that you learnt.


SPM Chemistry:

1. Studying tips
- When your teacher is teaching in class, pay attention to what your teacher says. Make sure
you understand everything taught by your teacher. If you do not understand anything, ask
your teacher or friends.
- You need a reference book because the textbook and practical book are not enough. I
recommend you to use the Longman Essential Chemistry SPM reference book by Pearson
Longman.
- When studying a chapter, read through all the explanations in the reference book sentence
by sentence. Make sure that you truly understand each sentence before moving on to the
next sentence. Certain topics may require understanding of earlier topics, so make sure you
understand those topics. You should also try to relate them to what your teacher had taught in
school.
- You also need to read through all the experiments and activities in the reference book. You
have to understand the Aim, Problem Statement, Hypothesis, Variables and List of Materials
& Apparatus, Procedure, Tabulation of Data and Conclusion for all experiments. For the
Procedure, read through it step by step. Make sure that you truly understand each step before
moving on to the next step. To help you understand, try to imagine that you are carrying out
the experiment. Understanding the Procedure will make it very easy for you to remember the
List of Materials & Apparatus. You are also advised to be actively involved in all experiments
carried out in school because this can help you understand and remember the procedure of
experiment.
- Then, you have to remember everything that you understood. You can memorise the
sentences in the book, or you can also create your own sentences that have the same
meaning and memorise them. If you create your own sentences, make sure that you do not
change the original meaning, do not leave out any important points and do not change the
important keywords and scientific terms. However, do not just memorise without
understanding. Once you have understood, it will be quite easy to remember and you will be
unlikely to forget any of the points.
- For certain facts, there may be no explanation for them so it is not possible to understand
them. In that case, you have to remember and memorise those facts.
- For the calculations, you need to know how to apply what you have learnt to solve the
questions. Go through all the example questions in the revision book. Make sure that you
understand how every question is solved.
- You have to regularly revise every topics again and again. When revising, go through all the
explanation, facts, experiments and examples for calculation questions in the book. Make
sure that you do not forget anything that you have understood previously. Regular and
repeated revision will help you to remember all the explanation and facts for a long time.
- Then, you have to do exercises. Buy exercise books from the bookshop. You can start by
doing topical questions topic by topic. When you have understood all topics, proceed with
doing SPM model test papers, past year SPM trial questions and past year actual SPM
questions. They should be available from bookshops. After doing the exercises, refer to the
suggested answer or mark scheme and do self marking.
- You should sometimes refer to the mark scheme of past year SPM trial papers to find out
how every question is marked and which points need to be included in the answers for every
question. Usually, the same types of questions will have similar mark scheme, so this can
help you when answering exam questions.
- For Chemistry Paper 3, the pattern of questions set is similar for every year. You should
familiarise yourself with the pattern by looking at past year questions.
- When doing revision before exam, you should first go through the subtopics and
experiments that you think is more difficult or that you may have forgotten. Then, go through
other topics as well if possible.

2. Paper 1
- Read the question and all the options carefully. Write any rough workings on the question
paper if you need to. Cancel off the options that you consider as definitely wrong. Then,
choose the most suitable answer among the 4 options.

3. Paper 2 Section A, B & C
- Section A consists of 6 structured questions where you must answer all questions while
Section B and Section C consist of 2 essay questions each and you can choose any 1 for
each section. You can answer extra questions in Section B and Section C if you have time.
The examiner will mark all questions and choose the questions where you score the highest
marks.
- When answering, read the question and all information given carefully. Make sure that you
know what the question is asking for. Answer the questions based on your knowledge and
understanding on the relevant topic in Chemistry. Certain questions may test you on more
than one topics. For some questions, you may have to apply what you have learnt in
Chemistry in order to answer them. You have to think carefully and relate the question to what
you have learnt. You may also be asked to give your own opinions.
- When writing your answer, you can use the same or similar words or sentences as those in
revision books / textbooks if possible. However, sometimes you may need to make some
changes in order to suit the question. You can also answer in your own sentences that have
the same meaning. If the question asks on something that is not in revision books (the
question requires you to apply what you have learnt in Chemistry or give your own opinion),
then you have to answer in your own sentences. For all questions, your answer must be
specific and not too general. Give the most suitable answer according to the question.
- You should use the correct Chemistry terms in your answer. Do not replace them with other
terms that are inappropriate, even if their meaning are the same. The spelling for all
Chemistry terms must also be correct, otherwise marks may be deducted. For other non-
Chemistry terms, marks is not deducted for wrong spelling. If your make grammatical errors in
your answer, marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can understand what you
are writing. Do not use any short forms in your answer, except when writing units for
quantities or when writing working for calculation For all chemical substances, you should
write the complete name and do not write only the chemical formula, unless if the question
asks you to write the chemical formula or if you are writing a chemical equation.
- It is not compulsory to answer in continuous writing form. You are allowed to answer in table
form or other suitable forms. In suitable cases, you can also use diagrams, equations or
graphs in your answer. However, you are not advised to answer in point form. There is not
penalty for answering in point form, but some inexperienced examiners may deduct your
marks if you do so.
- When answering questions on calculation, you must show all workings. You should not skip
any important steps, otherwise marks may be deducted. You must also write the correct unit
for the final answer. The number of marks allocated for the question usually shows the
amount of working needed. 1 mark will be given for each important step and the final answer.
You are not allowed to write extra solutions or answers. If you do so and any of the answers
or solutions is wrong, marks will be deducted.
- If the question says 'Explain', 'Describe', 'Discuss', 'Justify', 'Give Reasons' or something
similar, you should give facts and elaborations in your answer. Your answer must be very
detailed. You are advised to answer in complete sentences so that your answer can be easily
understood. The number of marks allocated for the question usually shows the number of
points needed in your answer. 1 mark is given for each correct point. Do not miss out any
important points in your answer. You are allowed to write extra points in your answer, but you
must be careful not to write any points with wrong facts. Marks will only be given for the
correct points. For points that are not acceptable but does not contain wrong facts, no mark
will be given or deducted. However, for points that contain wrong facts, marks may be
deducted.
- If the question says 'State', 'Give', 'Name' or something similar, you only need to write facts
without elaboration. Write the answer straight away. You need not answer in complete
sentences. The number of marks allocated for the question usually shows the number of
answers needed. If the question states the number of answers you have to write, then you are
not allowed to write extra answers. If you do so and any of them is wrong, marks can be
deducted. If the question does not state the number of answers you have to write, you are
allowed to write extra answers, but you must be careful not to write any answers with wrong
facts. Marks will only be given for the correct answers. For answers that are not acceptable
but does not contain wrong facts, no mark will be given or deducted. However, for answers
that contain wrong facts, marks may be deducted.
- When answering questions on describing experiment, your answer should include the List of
Materials & Apparatus, Diagram of set-up apparatus, Procedure, Tabulation of Data,
Conclusion and other information as stated in the question. When writing the procedure, you
must include all the steps to carry out the experiment, including the precautionary steps. You
must state the amount and concentration of the substances used. You are advised to answer
in complete sentences so that your answer can be easily understood. When tabulating the
data of experiment, you can leave blank for the results of the experiment.
- When plotting graph, draw both the horizontal and vertical axis on the graph paper correctly.
Label both axis correctly and state the unit (if any). Use a suitable scale for both axis. Plot all
points on the graph accurately. Then, draw the correct curve or straight line. When drawing
the curve or straight line, it should pass through all points on the graph if possible. If this is not
possible, the line or curve should pass through as many points on the graph as possible, all
the points should be close to it and the number of points above and below the line or curve
should be almost equal. The graph should cover at least half of the graph paper.
- When drawing diagrams, make sure that all important details are included in the diagram
you draw. You have to label correctly all parts in the diagram. Your diagram should be clear
and neat.

4. Paper 3 Structured Question
- When answering, read the question and all information given carefully. Make sure that you
understand the experiment given and know what the question is asking for. Answer the
questions based on the experiment and its observations and results. You may need to apply
your Chemistry experimental skills to answer some questions. Certain questions may require
your knowledge and understanding in Chemistry to answer them. You may also need to give
your own opinions. For all questions, your answer must be specific and not too general. Give
the most suitable answer according to the question.
- You should use the correct Chemistry and experimental terms in your answer. Do not
replace them with other terms that are inappropriate, even if their meaning are the same. The
spelling for all Chemistry and experimental terms must also be correct, otherwise marks may
be deducted. For other terms, marks is not deducted for wrong spelling. If your make
grammatical errors in your answer, marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can
understand what you are writing. Do not use any short forms in your answer, except when
writing units for quantities or when writing working for calculation. For all chemical substances,
you should write the complete name and do not write only the chemical formula, unless if the
question asks you to write the chemical formula or if you are writing a chemical equation.
- When answering parts of the question on calculation, you must show all workings. You
should not skip any important steps, otherwise marks can be deducted. You must also write
the correct unit for the final answer. You are not allowed to write extra solutions or answers. If
you do so and any of the answers or solutions is wrong, marks will be deducted.
- When answering parts of the question that require explanation or description, your answer
must be very detailed. You are advised to answer in complete sentences so that your answer
can be easily understood. The number of marks allocated for each part of the question is
always 3. The marks are given based on the quality of your answer, so it does not actually
depend on the number of points in your answer. However, you should not miss out any
important points in your answer. You are allowed to write extra points in your answer, but you
must be careful not to write any points with wrong facts. Marks will only be given for the
correct points. For points that are not acceptable but does not contain wrong facts, no mark
will be given or deducted. However, for points that contain wrong facts, marks may be
deducted.
- When answering parts of the question that do not require explanation or description, write
the answer straight away. You need not answer in complete sentences. You are not allowed
to write extra answers. If you do so and any of them is wrong, marks can be deducted. For
the Constant Variable, you only need to write one answer although there may be many.
- When recording numerical data from an instrument used in the experiment, the number of
decimal places used should be equal to half of the smallest division of scale of the instrument,
unless if there is special instruction in the question. (For example, if the instrument's smallest
division of scale is 0.1, you should record the data to the nearest 0.05, which is 2 decimal
places) Usually, the last decimal place of the recorded data can only be 0 or 5. Do not give
more or less number of decimal places. You must also write the correct units.
- When plotting graph, draw both the horizontal and vertical axis on the graph paper correctly.
Label both axis correctly and state the unit (if any). Use a suitable scale for both axis. Plot all
points on the graph accurately. Then, draw the correct curve or straight line. When drawing
the curve or straight line, it should pass through all points on the graph if possible. If this is not
possible, the line or curve should pass through as many points on the graph as possible, all
the points should be close to it and the number of points above and below the line or curve
should be almost equal. The graph should cover at least half of the graph paper.

5. Paper 3 Essay Question (Design Experiment)
- When answering, read the question given carefully. You have to design a suitable
experiment based on the question. Your answer must include all the necessary details stated
in the question. When writing the Aim, Problem Statement, Hypothesis, Variables and List of
Materials & Apparatus, give the answer based on the experiment. You need not answer in
complete sentences.
- When writing the procedure, you must include all the steps to set up the apparatus, steps to
handle the manipulated, responding & fixed variable and the precautionary steps. You must
state the amount and concentration of the substances used. You are advised to answer in
complete sentences so that your answer can be easily understood. You do not need to draw
the diagram of set-up apparatus.
- When tabulating the data of experiment, you should include all the manipulated variables
and the header for both the manipulated & responding variable, and you can leave blank for
the results of the experiment (responding variable).
- You can use the same or similar words or sentences as those in revision books if possible.
However, sometimes you may need to make some changes in order to suit the question. You
can also answer in your own sentences that have the same meaning. You are not allowed to
write extra answers. If you do so and any of them is wrong, marks can be deducted. For the
Constant Variable, you only need to write one answer, even though there may be many.
- You should use the correct experimental terms in your answer. Do not replace them with
other terms that are inappropriate, even if their meaning are the same. The spelling for all
experimental terms must also be correct, otherwise marks may be deducted. For other terms,
marks is not deducted for wrong spelling. If your make grammatical errors in your answer,
marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can understand what you are writing. Do
not use any short forms in your answer. For all chemical substances, you should write the
complete name and do not write only the chemical formula.



SPM Physics:

1. Studying tips
- When your teacher is teaching in class, pay attention to what your teacher says. Make sure
you understand everything taught by your teacher. If you do not understand anything, ask
your teacher or friends.
- You need a reference book because the textbook and practical book are not enough. I
recommend you to use the Success Physics SPM reference book by Oxford Fajar.
- When studying a chapter, read through all the explanations in the reference book sentence
by sentence. Make sure that you truly understand each sentence before moving on to the
next sentence. You also need to know and understand all formulas. Certain topics may
require understanding of earlier topics, so make sure you understand those topics. You
should also try to relate them to what your teacher had taught in school.
- You also need to read through all the experiments and activities in the reference book. You
have to understand the Inference, Hypothesis, Aim, Problem Statement, Variables and List of
Materials & Apparatus, Diagram of Set-up Apparatus, Procedure, Tabulation of Data and
Analysis of Data for all experiments. For the Procedure, read through it step by step. Make
sure that you truly understand each step before moving on to the next step. To help you
understand, try to imagine that you are carrying out the experiment. Understanding the
Procedure and Diagram of Set-up Apparatus will make it very easy for you to remember the
List of Materials & Apparatus. You are also advised to be actively involved in all experiments
carried out in school because this can help you understand and remember the procedure of
experiment.
- Then, you have to remember everything that you understood. You can memorise the
sentences in the book, or you can also create your own sentences that have the same
meaning and memorise them. If you create your own sentences, make sure that you do not
change the original meaning, do not leave out any important points and do not change the
important keywords and scientific terms. However, do not just memorise without
understanding. Once you have understood, it will be quite easy to remember and you will be
unlikely to forget any of the points.
- For certain facts, there may be no explanation for them so it is not possible to understand
them. In that case, you have to remember and memorise those facts.
- For the calculations, you need to know how to apply what you have learnt and use the
correct formula to solve the questions. Go through all the example questions in the revision
book. Make sure that you understand how every question is solved.
- You have to regularly revise every topics again and again. When revising, go through all the
explanation, facts, experiments and examples for calculation questions in the book. Make
sure that you do not forget anything that you have understood previously. Regular and
repeated revision will help you to remember all the explanation and facts for a long time.
- Then, you have to do exercises. Buy exercise books from the bookshop. You can start by
doing topical questions topic by topic. When you have understood all topics, proceed with
doing SPM model test papers, past year SPM trial questions and past year actual SPM
questions. They should be available from bookshops. After doing the exercises, refer to the
suggested answer or mark scheme and do self marking.
- You should sometimes refer to the mark scheme of past year SPM trial papers to find out
how every question is marked and which points need to be included in the answers for every
question. Usually, the same types of questions will have similar mark scheme, so this can
help you when answering exam questions.
- For Physics Paper 3, the pattern of questions set is similar for every year. You should
familiarise yourself with the pattern by looking at past year questions.
- When doing revision before exam, you should first go through the subtopics and
experiments that you think is more difficult or that you may have forgotten. Then, go through
other topics as well if possible.

2. Paper 1
- Read the question and all the options carefully. Write any rough workings on the question
paper if you need to. Cancel off the options that you consider as definitely wrong. Then,
choose the most suitable answer among the 4 options.

3. Paper 2 Section A, B & C
- Section A consists of 8 structured questions where you must answer all questions while
Section B and Section C consist of 2 essay questions each and you can choose any 1 for
each section. You can answer extra questions in Section B and Section C if you have time.
The examiner will mark all questions and choose the questions where you score the highest
marks.
- When answering, read the question and all information given carefully. Make sure that you
know what the question is asking for. Answer the questions based on your knowledge and
understanding on the relevant topic in Physics. Certain questions may test you on more than
one topics. For some questions, you may have to apply what you have learnt in Physics in
order to answer them. You have to think carefully and relate the question to what you have
learnt. You may also be asked to give your own opinions.
- When writing your answer, you can use the same or similar words or sentences as those in
revision books if possible. However, sometimes you may need to make some changes in
order to suit the question. You can also answer in your own sentences that have the same
meaning. If the question asks on something that is not in revision books (the question
requires you to apply what you have learnt in Physics or give your own opinion), then you
have to answer in your own sentences. For all questions, your answer must be specific and
not too general. Give the most suitable answer according to the question.
- You should use the correct Physics terms in your answer. Do not replace them with other
terms that are inappropriate, even if their meaning are the same. The spelling for all Physics
terms must also be correct, otherwise marks may be deducted. For other non-Physics terms,
marks is not deducted for wrong spelling. If your make grammatical errors in your answer,
marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can understand what you are writing. Do
not use any short forms in your answer, except when writing units of quantities or when
writing workings for calculation.
- It is not compulsory to answer in continuous writing form. You are allowed to answer in table
form or other suitable forms. In suitable cases, you can also use diagrams, equations or
graphs in your answer. However, you are not advised to answer in point form. There is not
penalty for answering in point form, but some inexperienced examiners may deduct your
marks if you do so.
- When answering questions on calculation, you must show all workings. You should not skip
any important steps. You must also write the correct unit for the final answer. You do not need
to write down the formula used to solve the question. The number of marks allocated for the
question usually shows the amount of working needed. 1 mark will be given for each
important step and the final answer. You are not allowed to write extra solutions or answers. If
you do so and any of the answers or solutions is wrong, marks will be deducted.
- If the question says 'Explain', 'Describe', 'Discuss', 'Justify', 'Give Reasons' or something
similar, you should give facts and elaborations in your answer. Your answer must be very
detailed. You are advised to answer in complete sentences so that your answer can be easily
understood. The number of marks allocated for the question usually shows the number of
points needed in your answer. 1 mark is given for each correct point. Do not miss out any
important points in your answer. You are allowed to write extra points in your answer, but you
must be careful not to write any points with wrong facts. Marks will only be given for the
correct points. For points that are not acceptable but does not contain wrong facts, no mark
will be given or deducted. However, for points that contain wrong facts, marks may be
deducted.
- If the question says 'State', 'Give', 'Name' or something similar, you only need to write facts
without elaboration. Write the answer straight away. You need not answer in complete
sentences. The number of marks allocated for the question usually shows the number of
answers needed. If the question states the number of answers you have to write, then you are
not allowed to write extra answers. If you do so and any of them is wrong, marks can be
deducted. If the question does not state the number of answers you have to write, you are
allowed to write extra answers, but you must be careful not to write any answer with wrong
facts. Marks will only be given for the correct answers. For answers that are not acceptable
but does not contain wrong facts, no mark will be given or deducted. However, for answers
that contain wrong facts, marks may be deducted.
- When answering questions on suggesting suitable characteristics or modifications, you are
advised to answer in table form. Give all the characteristics/modifications and suitable
explanation for each characteristic/modification. If you are asked to make a selection, select
the most suitable one based on the characteristics. When writing the reason for your choice,
just repeat all the characteristics.
- When plotting graph, draw both the horizontal and vertical axis on the graph paper correctly.
Label both axis correctly and state the unit (if any). Use a suitable scale for both axis. Plot all
points on the graph accurately. Then, draw the correct curve or straight line. When drawing
the curve or straight line, it should pass through all points on the graph if possible. If this is not
possible, the line or curve should pass through as many points on the graph as possible, all
the points should be close to it and the number of points above and below the line or curve
should be almost equal. The graph should cover at least half of the graph paper.
- When drawing diagrams, make sure that all important details are included in the diagram
you draw. You have to label correctly all parts in the diagram. Your diagram should be clear
and neat.

4. Paper 3 Section A
- When answering, read the question and all information given carefully. Make sure that you
understand the experiment given and know what the question is asking for. Answer the
questions based on the experiment and its observations and results. You may need to apply
your Physics experimental skills to answer some questions. Certain questions may require
your knowledge and understanding in Physics to answer them. You may also need to give
your own opinions. Your answer must be specific and not too general. Give the most suitable
answer according to the question.
- You should use the correct Physics and experimental terms in your answer. Do not replace
them with other terms that are inappropriate, even if their meaning are the same. The spelling
for all Physics and experimental terms must also be correct, otherwise marks may be
deducted. For other terms, marks is not deducted for wrong spelling. If your make
grammatical errors in your answer, marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can
understand what you are writing. Do not use any short forms in your answer.
- When answering parts of the question on calculation, you must show all workings. You
should not skip any important steps. You must also write the correct unit for the final
answer. You do not need to write down the formula used to solve the question. The number of
marks allocated for the part of question usually shows the amount of working needed. 1 mark
will be given for each important step and the final answer. You are not allowed to write extra
solutions or answers. If you do so and any of the answers or solutions is wrong, marks will be
deducted.
- When answering parts of the question that require explanation or description, your answer
must be very detailed. You are advised to answer in complete sentences so that your answer
can be easily understood. The number of marks allocated for each part of the question
usually shows the number of points needed in your answer. 1 mark is given for each correct
point. Do not miss out any important points in your answer. You are allowed to write extra
points in your answer, but you must be careful not to write any points with wrong facts. Marks
will only be given for the correct points. For points that are not acceptable but does not
contain wrong facts, no mark will be given or deducted. However, for points that contain
wrong facts, marks may be deducted.
- When answering parts of the question that do not require explanation or description, write
the answer straight away. You need not answer in complete sentences. You are not allowed
to write extra answers. If you do so and any of them is wrong, marks can be deducted. For
the Constant Variable, you only need to write one answer although there may be many.
- When recording numerical data from a measuring instrument used in the experiment, the
number of decimal places used should be equal to the smallest division of scale of the
instrument, unless if there is special instruction in the question. (For example, if the
instrument's smallest division of scale is 0.1 , you should record the data to the nearest 0.1,
which is 1 decimal place.) Do not give more or less number of decimal places. You must also
write the correct units.
- When plotting graph, draw both the horizontal and vertical axis on the graph paper correctly.
Label both axis correctly and state the unit (if any). Use a suitable scale for both axis. Plot all
points on the graph accurately. Then, draw the correct curve or straight line. When drawing
the curve or straight line, it should pass through all points on the graph if possible. If this is not
possible, the line or curve should pass through as many points on the graph as possible, all
the points should be close to it and the number of points above and below the line or curve
should be almost equal. The graph should cover at least half of the graph paper.

5. Paper 3 Section B
- Section B consists of 2 questions and you can choose any 1 of them. You can answer both
questions in Section B if you have time. The examiner will mark both questions and choose
the question where you score the higher marks.
- When answering, read the question and situation given carefully. Based on the situation
given, you should come up with a suitable inference and hypothesis. Then, you have to
design a suitable experiment to investigate your hypothesis. Your answer must include all
the necessary details stated in the question.
- When writing the Inference, Hypothesis, Aim, Problem Statement, Variables and List of
Materials & Apparatus, give the answer based on the experiment. You need not answer in
complete sentences. When drawing the set-up apparatus, show all the apparatus and
material used in the experiment and label them correctly.
- When writing the procedure, you must include the steps to change the manipulated variable
and to measure the responding variable. You need not write the precautionary steps. You are
advised to answer in complete sentences so that your answer can be easily understood.
- When tabulating the data of experiment, you should include all the manipulated variables
and the header for the manipulated & responding variable, and you can leave blank for the
results of the experiment (Responding Variable). For the analysis of data, you should show a
graph of Responding Variable on the y-axis against Manipulated Variable on the x-axis. You
only need to draw both axes but you need not sketch the graph.
- You can use the same or similar words or sentences as those in revision books if possible.
However, sometimes you may need to make some changes in order to suit the question. You
can also answer in your own sentences that have the same meaning. You are not allowed to
write extra answers. If you do so and any of them is wrong, marks can be deducted. For the
Constant Variable, you only need to write one answer, even though there may be many.
- You should use the correct experimental terms in your answer. Do not replace them with
other terms that are inappropriate, even if their meaning are the same. The spelling for all
experimental terms must also be correct, otherwise marks may be deducted. For other terms,
marks is not deducted for wrong spelling. If your make grammatical errors in your answer,
marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can understand what you are writing. Do
not use any short forms in your answer.

Tips for SPM Sejarah and Pendidikan Moral
For my SPM in year 2012, I got 9A+ and 1A. I got A+ for both Sejarah and Pendidikan Moral.
Do you want to know how to score in SPM for these 2 subjects? Here, I am posting the
complete tips for SPM Sejarah and Pendidikan Moral. These tips are intended for Form 4 and
Form 5 students this year who are taking SPM 2014 or SPM 2015.

Tips for other SPM subjects can be found here:
http://daniellimjj.blogspot.com/2013/06/complete-tips-for-spm-examination-first.html


Notice:
Sejarah is one of the most difficult subjects to study, because there are so many facts to
remember, so studying it requires a lot of time. In order to be able to cover all topics, you
must start your revision at least 2 weeks before the exam date. However, Sejarah is not
difficult to score. The mark scheme for Sejarah Paper 2 is quite lenient, and the minimum
marks to get A+ for Sejarah is quite low, usually between 75 and 80. For Pendidikan Moral,
there are rumours that the minimum mark to get A+ may be as high as 95. However, that is
not true so please do not believe that. The minimum mark to get A+ for Pendidikan Moral is
usually only 90. It is also not difficult to score in Pendidikan Moral, you just need to master the
correct answering techniques.


SPM Sejarah:

1. Studying tips
- Both the Form 4 and Form 5 textbooks are 100% complete. If you are in Form 5 and you do
not have the Form 4 textbook, I would recommend you to buy one from the bookshop or
borrow one from your friends and photostat it. However, studying using the textbooks can be
boring, difficult and slow because they contain too much text in essay form. Therefore, you
should also get a reference book. I recommend you to use the Success Sejarah SPM
reference book by Oxford Fajar. However, the reference book is only about 95% complete.
- When studying a topic for the first time, read though the facts and explanations in the
reference book. If possible, you should read it as a story to help you remember it and also
make it more interesting to study. Try to understand every sentence that you read because
this can help you to remember them. However, it may not be possible to understand some
facts because there is no explanation for them. You should have an idea on what you have
read and understood.
- Then, you have to remember everything that you have read. Do not memorise exactly all
sentences because it is almost impossible to do so since there are so many sentences in the
book. Instead, you should memorise the keywords for every sentence which can give you the
idea on what that sentence is about. You can then use those keywords to create your own
sentence. Make sure that you can remember what every sentence is about.
- For events or incidents, the sentences are often related to each other by 'cause-and-effect',
where the event in one sentence is caused by another event in the previous sentence, and
will cause another event in the following sentence. Try to find out that relationship because it
can help you remember the events. You should also try to remember it as a story that you
have read. For facts, you should remember it based on your understanding if there is
explanation for them. If there are too many facts for a particular subtopic, you can try to group
two or more similar facts together and remember them as one.
- You need to do revision for every topics regularly in order to ensure that you remember
everything for a long time. The more revision you do, the more you can remember. Revise as
many times as you can until you are sure that you have remembered everything. When doing
revision, go through all the facts and explanations in the reference book. You should find out
what you still remember and what you have forgotten. For anything that you have forgotten,
you must memorise it again.
- Since the reference book is only about 95% complete, after you have understood and
remembered everything in the reference book, you should go through the textbooks as well.
Look for facts in the textbook that are not found in the reference book, especially those in the
Sudut Maklumat. You should read though and understand them, then remember them.
- You also have to do exercises. Buy exercise books from the bookshop. You can start by
doing topical questions topic by topic. When you have understood all topics, proceed with
doing SPM model test papers, past year SPM trial questions and past year actual SPM
questions. They should be available from bookshops. After doing the exercises, refer to the
suggested answer or mark scheme and do self marking.
- You should sometimes refer to the mark scheme of past year SPM trial papers to find out
how every question is marked and which points need to be included in the answers for every
question. Usually, the same types of questions will have similar mark scheme, so this can
help you when answering exam questions.
- When doing revision before exam, you should first go through the subtopics that you think
you may have forgotten. Then, go through other topics as well if possible.
- Every year, there are predictions made by teachers on the subtopics that will be tested in
the SPM Sejarah Paper 2. Usually, only some but not all of the predictions are true. You
should not rely on those predictions and you should prepare for all topics if possible. Besides
that, subtopics that have been tested in the previous year Paper 2 are usually not tested
again in the following year Paper 2, but this is not always true. You can skip those topics if
you do not have time, but avoid doing so if possible.
- One months before the exam, a general topic will be released for Sejarah Paper 3. You
should look for materials that are relevant to the topic in books, newspapers, magazines, the
internet and other sources. You should also discuss with your teacher and friends about that
topic.

2. Paper 1
- Read the question and all the options carefully. Cancel off the options that you consider as
definitely wrong. Then, choose the most suitable answer among the 4 options.

3. Paper 2 Bahagian A
- You need not answer in complete sentences. You are allowed to write extra answers for all
questions. Marks will only be given for the correct answers, and marks will not be deducted
for wrong or unacceptable answers. There is no limit on how many answers you are allowed
to write.

4. Paper 2 Bahagian B
- You must answer in continuous writing form. You are not allowed to answer in point form,
table form, mind map, flow chart or any other forms. If you do so, half of the marks you scored
for that question will be deducted. (For example, if you get 6 marks, 3 marks will be deducted.)
You should also answer in complete sentences so that your answer can be easily understood.
- If the question says 'Nyatakan', 'Berikan', 'Namakan', 'Tuliskan' or something similar, you
only need to write facts without elaboration. If the question says 'Jelaskan', 'Terangkan',
'Huraikan', 'Bincangkan' or something similar, you should give facts and elaborations. The
number of marks allocated for the question usually shows the number of points needed in
your answer. 1 mark is given for each correct point. Do not miss out any important points in
your answer. You are allowed to write extra points in your answer. Marks will only be given for
the correct points, and marks will not be deducted for wrong or unacceptable points. There is
no limit on how many points you are allowed to write.

5. Paper 2 both Bahagian A & B
- Bahagian A consists of 4 structured questions where you must answer all questions while
Bahagian B consists of 7 essay questions and you can choose any 3 of them. You can
answer extra questions in Bahagian B if you have time. The examiner will mark all questions
you answer and choose the questions where you score the highest marks.
- When answering, read the question carefully. Make sure that you know what the question is
asking for. For questions on facts, answer based on your knowledge and understanding on
the relevant topic in Sejarah. You can use the same or similar words or sentences as those in
the textbook. You can also answer in your own sentences that have the same meaning. You
are not advised to give facts that are not found in the textbooks. For questions on your own
opinion, you have to give your own ideas, based on your knowledge in Sejarah or your
general knowledge. Your ideas must be logical and relevant. You can also give facts from the
textbook or revision books if they are relevant. For all questions, your answer must be specific
and not too general.
- Avoid making spelling errors in your answers. For minor spelling errors, marks is usually not
deducted, but for major spelling errors, marks may be deducted. If your make grammatical
errors in your answer, marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can understand
what you are writing. Avoid using any short forms in your answer, especially short forms that
are not found in the textbook. If you use short forms that are found in the textbook, marks is
usually not deducted, but if you use short forms that are not found in the textbook, marks may
be deducted.

6. Paper 3
- Paper 3 consists of 1 question with several parts. It is an open-book test. For Paper 3, bring
both the Form 4 and Form 5 textbooks and revision books into the examination hall. You
should also bring in any other materials that are relevant to the general topic released one
month before the exam.
- When answering, read the questions carefully. Make sure that you know what the question
is asking for. Usually, questions on facts carry the first 50 marks, while questions on your own
opinion (KBKK) carry the other 50 marks. For questions on facts, look for the answers from
the textbook. You can copy the sentences directly from the textbook. You can also answer in
your own sentences that have the same meaning. You are not advised to give facts that are
not found in the textbooks. For questions on your own opinion, you have to give your own
ideas, based on your knowledge in Sejarah or your general knowledge. Your ideas must be
logical and relevant. You can also give facts from the textbook, revision books or other
materials if they are relevant. For all questions, your answer must be specific and not too
general.
- Avoid making spelling errors in your answers. For minor spelling errors, marks is usually not
deducted, but for major spelling errors, marks may be deducted. If your make grammatical
errors in your answer, marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can understand
what you are writing. Avoid using any short forms in your answer, especially short forms that
are not found in the textbook. If you use short forms that are found in the textbook, marks is
usually not deducted, but if you use short forms that are not found in the textbook, marks may
be deducted.
- You must answer in continuous writing form. You are not allowed to answer in point form,
table form, mind map, flow chart or any other forms. If you do so, marks will be deducted. You
should also answer in complete sentences so that your answer can be easily understood.
Organise your answer into different paragraphs. Answer for different parts of the question
should be written in different paragraphs.
- If the question says 'Nyatakan', 'Berikan', 'Namakan', 'Tuliskan' or something similar, you
only need to give facts without elaboration. If the question says 'Jelaskan', 'Terangkan',
'Huraikan', 'Bincangkan' or something similar, you should give facts and elaborations. The
number of marks allocated for the part of question usually shows the number of points
needed in your answer. 1 mark is given for each correct point. Do not miss out any important
points in your answer. You are allowed to write extra points in your answer. Marks will only be
given for the correct points, and marks will not be deducted for wrong or unacceptable points.



SPM Pendidikan Moral:

Note: These tips for SPM Pendidikan Moral have been updated due to changes in the format
and style of the questions in Bahagian B from SPM 2013 onwards.

1. Studying tips
- You should have a list of all the 36 Nilai in the syllabus and their Definisi and Kata Kunci. If
you don't have one, get it from your teacher.
- You need to understand the meaning and usage for every Nilai. Read the Definisi of every
Nilai and try to understand it. The textbook also contains some explanations and examples
that can help you understand the Nilai. You should also pay attention when your teacher is
teaching in class. If you still do not understand the Nilai, ask your teacher.
- You have to remember every Nilai and its Definisi and Kata Kunci. You must memorise them
exactly as in the syllabus, especially for the Nilai and Kata Kunci. All spellings, Imbuhan and
order of words in the Nilai and Kata Kunci must be exactly the same as in the syllabus. For
other parts of the Definisi that is not part of the Kata Kunci, slight differences may be allowed,
but you are strongly advised to memorise them exactly. This will help you to answer questions
on Nilai.
- You teacher should to able provide you with notes for the academic content of every Nilai
when teaching in class. If your teacher does not provide you with any notes, you should either
take down your own notes in class or request your teacher to give you notes.
- You should read through and understand everything in your teacher's notes. Then, you have
to remember them. You should also read and understand the textbook and remember the
facts that can be found in the textbook. This will help you to answer questions on facts and on
your own opinion (KBKK).
- You have to regularly do revision. When revising, go through all the 36 Nilai, Kata Kunci and
Definisi. Make sure that you remember all of them exactly as in the syllabus. You should also
go through your teacher's notes and the facts in the textbook. Regular and repeated revision
will help you to remember everything for a long time.
- Then, you have to do exercises. Buy exercise books from the bookshop. You can start by
doing topical questions. When you have understood all Nilai, proceed with doing SPM model
test papers and past year SPM trial questions. They should be available from bookshops.
After doing the exercises, refer to the suggested answer or mark scheme and do self marking.
- You should sometimes refer to the mark scheme of past year SPM trial papers to find out
the acceptable Nilai and answers for every question. Usually, the same types of questions will
have similar mark scheme, so this can help you when answering exam questions.
- You must know the correct answering techniques for SPM Pendidikan Moral, especially for
the Nilai questions. Refer to the Answering tips below.

2. Bahagian A
- When answering, read the questions and situation carefully. Make sure that you know what
the question is asking for.
- When answering questions on Nilai, you must use the Nilai in the syllabus. Choose the Nilai
among the 36 that are most suitable and relevant to the question, based on the definition of
every Nilai. Look at the number of Nilai you need to write as stated in the question and the
marks allocated for the question. For 1 Nilai 1 Mark, 2 Nilai 2 Marks or 3 Nilai 3 Marks
questions, you only need to give Nilai without Penerangan or Contoh. For 1 Nilai 2 Marks, 2
Nilai 4 Marks or 3 Nilai 6 Marks questions, you need to give Nilai and Penerangan without
Contoh. For 1 Nilai 3 Marks or 2 Nilai 6 Marks questions, you need to give Nilai, Penerangan
and Contoh. 1 mark is given for each correct Nilai, Penerangan and Contoh. However, marks
can only be given for Penerangan if the Nilai mark is scored, and similarly, marks can only be
given for Contoh if the both the Nilai and Penerangan marks are scored.
- When writing the Nilai, you can write down the Nilai straight away. You should include the
word 'Nilai' in front of the Nilai you wrote.
- When writing the Penerangan, you should include the Watak / Situasi and one Kata Kunci of
the Nilai. For 1 Nilai 2 Marks, 2 Nilai 4 Marks and 3 Nilai 6 Marks questions, you also have to
relate the Penerangan to the question. The best way to do so is by giving an example from
the question (similar to writing Contoh). You can repeat the same example when relating the
Penerangan for other Nilai to the question. For 1 Nilai 3 marks and 2 Nilai 6 Marks questions,
you do not need to relate the Penerangan to the question. You must write the Penerangan in
one complete sentence. Begin the sentence with the Watak / Situasi, followed the Kata Kunci
of the Nilai and then relate the Penerangan to the question (if necessary).
- When writing the Contoh, begin with 'Contohnya' and give an example that is relevant to the
Penerangan. You must write the Contoh in one complete sentence. You are advised to relate
the Contoh to the Penerangan. If there are examples in the question, you can use them. You
can also use other suitable examples that are not in the question. However, you cannot
repeat the same example when writing the Contoh for other Nilai, unless if you make some
changes by relating the Contoh to the Penerangan in a different way with different meaning.
- When writing the Nilai, Penerangan and Contoh, the spelling for all Nilai, Kata Kunci and
Watak/Situasi must be correct, otherwise marks may be deducted. For other words, marks is
usually not deducted for wrong spelling. The imbuhan and susunan of the Nilai and Kata
Kunci must also be exactly the same as in the syllabus. (For example, you cannot write
'Mematuhi Peraturan dan Undang-undang' as 'Pematuhan Peraturan dan Undang-undang' or
'Mematuhi Undang-undang dan Peraturan' ) Do not give any Nilai that is not among the 36 in
the syllabus. If your make grammatical errors in your answer, marks will not be deducted as
long as the examiner can understand what you are writing.
- When answering questions on Definisi Nilai, you must give the complete definition of the
Nilai, including all the Kata Kunci. Make sure that Definisi is exactly the same as in the
syllabus, especially for the Kata Kunci. If the Kata Kunci is not exactly the same as in the
syllabus, marks may be deducted. For other parts of the Definisi, slight differences is usually
not penalised.
- When answering questions on your own opinion (KBKK), you have to give your own ideas.
Your ideas must be logical and relevant. You can also give facts from the textbook, revision
books or your teacher's notes if they are relevant, and sometimes you have to make some
changes to suit the question. Your answer must be specific and not too general. For 1 Answer
1 Mark, 2 Answer 2 Marks, 3 Answer 3 Marks and 4 Answer 4 Marks questions, you only
need to give facts without elaboration. For 1 Answer 2 Marks, 2 Answer 4 Marks and 3
Answer 6 Marks questions, you have to give facts and elaboration for every facts.
- When answering questions on facts (Akta / Tokoh / Pertubuhan), give your answer based on
your general knowledge as well as relevant facts in the textbook, revision books or your
teacher's notes. You should give the full name of the Akta, Pertubuhan or Tokoh. For Akta,
you are advised to include the year of the Akta. For Pertubuhan, avoid writing only short
forms in your answer, especially short forms that are not officially used by that Pertubuhan. If
you write short forms that are officially used, marks is usually not deducted, but if you write
short forms that are not officially used, marks may be deducted. All spellings should be
correct, otherwise marks may be deducted.
- For all questions in Bahagian A, you are allowed to write only one extra answer for every
part of the questions. Marks will only be given for the correct answers, and marks will not be
deducted for wrong or unacceptable answers. If you write more than one extra answers,
those extra answers will not be marked.

3. Bahagian B
When answering, read the question and situation carefully. The question may ask you to give
Nilai or others. Make sure than you know what the question is asking for.
a) When answering questions on anything other than Nilai,
- You have to give your own ideas. Your ideas must be logical and relevant. You can also
give facts from the textbook, revision books or your teacher's notes if they are relevant, and
sometimes you have to make some changes to suit the question. Your answer must be
specific and not too general.
- For questions requiring 5 answers, you should give 5 Fakta and a Huraian for each of the
Fakta. For questions requiring 3 answers, you should give 3 Fakta, as well as a Huraian and
a Contoh/Huraian Lanjut for each of the Fakta.
- You must write each of the Fakta and Huraian/Contoh in complete sentence. The Fakta and
Huraian/Contoh should be written in separate sentences. 1 mark is given for each correct
Fakta and Huraian/Contoh. However, marks can only be given for Huraian if the mark for
Fakta is scored.
- Some questions may first ask you whether you agree or disagree with something, whether
something is correct or not, or something similar. In that case, you should first answer that
(For example, by stating that you agree or disagree) before proceeding with the rest of the
question. 1 mark may be given for that.
- Marks is usually not deducted for incorrect spelling or grammatical errors, as long as the
examiner can understand what you are writing. You must answer in continuous writing form.
You are not allowed to answer in point form, table form, mind map, flow chart or any other
forms. If you do so, marks will be deducted.
- You should not include any Nilai in your answer unless if the question says otherwise. You
are allowed to write 1 extra Fakta for every question. Marks will only be given for the correct
Fakta, and marks will not be deducted for wrong Fakta. If you write more than 1 extra Fakta,
those extra Fakta will not be marked.
- For every Fakta, you are allowed to write extra Huraian/Contoh in your answer. Marks will
only be given for the correct Huraian/Contoh, and marks will not be deducted for wrong or
unacceptable Huraian/Contoh. There is no limit on how many Huraian/Contoh you are
allowed to write.
b) When answering questions on Nilai,
- Usually, you have to give 2 Nilai based on the question. In rare cases, the question may ask
you to give 3 Nilai. You must use the Nilai in the syllabus. Choose the Nilai among the 36 that
are most suitable and relevant to the question, based on the definition of every Nilai.
- For each of the Nilai, you need to give 2 Penerangan and 2 Contoh. 1 mark is given for each
correct Nilai, Penerangan and Contoh. However, marks can only be given for Penerangan if
the Nilai mark is scored, and similarly, marks can only be given for Contoh if the both the Nilai
and Penerangan marks are scored.
- When writing each Nilai, you should include the Watak / Situasi. You must write the Nilai in
one complete sentence. Begin the sentence with the Watak / Situasi, followed by the Nilai. Do
not forget to include the word 'Nilai' in front of the Nilai you wrote.
- When writing each Penerangan, you should include the Watak / Situasi and one Kata Kunci
of the Nilai. You do not need to relate the Penerangan to the question. You must write the
Penerangan in one complete sentence. Begin the sentence with the Watak / Situasi, followed
the Kata Kunci of the Nilai.
- When writing each Contoh, begin with 'Contohnya' and give an example that is relevant to
the Penerangan. You must write the Contoh in one complete sentence. You are advised to
relate the Contoh to the Penerangan. If there are examples in the question, you can use them.
You can also use other suitable examples that are not in the question. However, you cannot
repeat the same example when writing the Contoh for other Nilai, unless if you make some
changes by relating the Contoh to the Penerangan in a different way with different meaning.
- When writing the Nilai, Penerangan and Contoh, the spelling for all Nilai, Kata Kunci and
Watak/Situasi must be correct, otherwise marks may be deducted. For other words, marks is
usually not deducted for wrong spelling. The imbuhan and susunan of the Nilai and Kata
Kunci must also be exactly the same as in the syllabus. (For example, you cannot write
'Mematuhi Peraturan dan Undang-undang' as 'Pematuhan Peraturan dan Undang-undang' or
'Mematuhi Undang-undang dan Peraturan' )
- Do not give any Nilai that is not among the 36 in the syllabus. If your make grammatical
errors in your answer, marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can understand
what you are writing. You must answer in continuous writing form. You are not allowed to
answer in point form, table form, mind map, flow chart or any other forms. If you do so, marks
will be deducted.
- You are allowed to write up to 3 Nilai for every question. Marks will only be given for the
correct Nilai, and marks will not be deducted for wrong Nilai. If you write more than 3 Nilai,
those extra Nilai will not be marked. However, if the question asks you to give 3 Nilai, then
you can write up to 4 Nilai.
- For every Nilai and Penerangan, you are allowed to write extra Contoh in your answer.
Marks will only be given for the correct Contoh, and marks will not be deducted for wrong or
unacceptable Contoh. There is no limit on how many Contoh you are allowed to write.
Tips for SPM Biology and ICT
For my SPM in year 2012, I got 9A+ and 1A. I got A+ for both Biology and Information And
Communication Technology (ICT). Do you want to know how to score in SPM for these 2
subjects? Here, I am posting the complete tips for SPM Biology and ICT. These tips are
intended for Form 4 and Form 5 students this year who are taking SPM 2014 or SPM 2015.

Tips for other SPM subjects can be found here:
http://daniellimjj.blogspot.com/2013/06/complete-tips-for-spm-examination-first.html


Notice:
It is more difficult to get A+ for SPM Biology and ICT compared to other SPM subjects. In
SPM 2010 especially, very few candidates got A+ for Biology, and no one in the whole
Malaysia got A+ for ICT. Nobody in my school got A+ for either subject on that year. In SPM
2011 and SPM 2012, only less than 20 candidates in my school got A+ for Biology, and only 3
candidates in my school got A+ for ICT. The minimum marks to get A+ for SPM ICT is very
high, usually 95. The mark scheme for SPM Biology is rather strict, and some questions can
be quite difficult. If you aim to get A+ for these two subjects, you need to understand them
very well and master the answering techniques.


SPM Biology:

1. Studying tips
- When your teacher is teaching in class, pay attention to what your teacher says. Make sure
you understand everything taught by your teacher. If you do not understand anything, ask
your teacher or friends.
- You need a reference book because the textbook and practical book are not enough. I
recommend you to use the Success Biology SPM reference book by Oxford Fajar.
- When studying a chapter, read through all the explanations in the reference book sentence
by sentence. Make sure that you truly understand each sentence before moving on to the
next sentence. Certain topics may require understanding of earlier topics, so make sure you
understand those topics. You should also try to relate them to what your teacher had taught
in school.
- You also need to read through all the experiments and activities in the reference book. You
have to understand the Aim, Problem Statement, Hypothesis, Variables and List of Materials
& Apparatus, Technique, Procedure, Tabulation of Data and Conclusion for all experiments.
For the Procedure, read through it step by step. Make sure that you truly understand each
step before moving on to the next step. To help you understand, try to imagine that you are
carrying out the experiment. Understanding the Procedure will make it very easy for you to
remember the List of Materials & Apparatus. You are also advised to be actively involved in
all experiments carried out in school because this can help you understand and remember
the procedure of experiment.
- Then, you have to remember everything that you understood. You can memorise the
sentences in the book, or you can also create your own sentences that have the same
meaning and memorise them. If you create your own sentences, make sure that you do not
change the original meaning, do not leave out any important points and do not change the
important keywords and scientific terms. However, do not just memorise without
understanding. Once you have understood, it will be quite easy to remember and you will be
unlikely to forget any of the points.
- For certain facts, there may be no explanation for them so it is not possible to understand
them. In that case, you have to remember and memorise those facts.
- For the calculations, you need to know how to apply what you have learnt to solve the
questions. Go through all the example questions in the revision book. Make sure that you
understand how every question is solved.
- You have to regularly revise every topics again and again. When revising, go through all the
explanation, facts, experiments and examples for calculation questions in the book. Make
sure that you do not forget anything that you have understood previously. Regular and
repeated revision will help you to remember all the explanation and facts for a long time.
- Then, you have to do exercises. Buy exercise books from the bookshop. You can start by
doing topical questions topic by topic. When you have understood all topics, proceed with
doing SPM model test papers, past year SPM trial questions and past year actual SPM
questions. They should be available from bookshops. After doing the exercises, refer to the
suggested answer or mark scheme and do self marking.
- You should sometimes refer to the mark scheme of past year SPM trial papers to find out
how every question is marked and which points need to be included in the answers for every
question. Usually, the same types of questions will have similar mark scheme, so this can
help you when answering exam questions.
- For Biology Paper 3, the pattern of questions set is similar for every year. You should
familiarise yourself with the pattern by looking at past year questions.
- When doing revision before exam, you should first go through the subtopics and
experiments that you think is more difficult or that you may have forgotten. Then, go
through other topics as well if possible.

2. Paper 1
- Read the question and all the options carefully. Write any rough workings on the question
paper if you need to. Cancel off the options that you consider as definitely wrong. Then,
choose the most suitable answer among the 4 options.

3. Paper 2 Section A & B
- Section A consists of 5 structured questions where you must answer all questions while
Section B consists of 4 essay questions where you can choose any 2 of them. You can answer
extra questions in Section B if you have time. The examiner will mark all questions and
choose the questions where you score the highest marks.
- When answering, read the question and all information given carefully. Make sure that you
know what the question is asking for. Answer the questions based on your knowledge and
understanding on the relevant topic in Biology. Certain questions may test you on more than
one topics. For some questions, you may have to apply what you have learnt in Biology in
order to answer them. You have to think carefully and relate the question to what you have
learnt. You may also be asked to give your own opinions.
- When writing your answer, you can use the same or similar words or sentences as those in
revision books if possible. However, sometimes you may need to make some changes in
order to suit the question. You can also answer in your own sentences that have the same
meaning. If the question asks on something that is not in revision books (the question
requires you to apply what you have learnt in Biology or give your own opinion), then you
have to answer in your own sentences. For all questions, your answer must be specific and
not too general. Give the most suitable answer according to the question.
- You should use the correct Biological terms in your answer. Do not replace them with other
terms that are inappropriate, even if their meaning are the same. The spelling for all
Biological terms must also be correct, otherwise marks may be deducted. For other non-
Biological terms, marks is not deducted for wrong spelling. If your make grammatical errors
in your answer, marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can understand what
you are writing. Do not use any short forms in your answer, except when writing units for
quantities. For all chemical substances, you should write the complete name and do not
write only the chemical formula.
- It is not compulsory to answer in continuous writing form. You are allowed to answer in
table form or other suitable forms. In suitable cases, you can also use diagrams, equations or
graphs in your answer. However, you are not advised to answer in point form. There is not
penalty for answering in point form, but some inexperienced examiners may deduct your
marks if you do so.
- When answering questions on calculation, you must show all workings. You should not skip
any important steps, otherwise marks may be deducted. You must also write the correct unit
for the final answer. The number of marks allocated for the question usually shows the
amount of working needed. 1 mark will be given for each important step and the final
answer. You are not allowed to write extra solutions or answers. If you do so and any of the
answers or solutions is wrong, marks will be deducted.
- If the question says 'Explain', 'Describe', 'Discuss', 'Justify', 'Give reasons' or something
similar, you should give facts and elaborations in your answer. Your answer must be very
detailed. You are advised to answer in complete sentences so that your answer can be easily
understood. The number of marks allocated for the question usually shows the number of
points needed in your answer. 1 mark is given for each correct point. Do not miss out any
important points in your answer. You are allowed to write extra points in your answer, but
you must be careful not to write points that contradict one another. Marks will only be given
for the correct points. For points that are not acceptable, whether they contain wrong facts
or not, no mark will be given or deducted. However, for points that contradict one another,
no mark will be given for both the points, even if one of them is correct. You are advised to
write extra points if you are not completely sure of what the question is asking for.
- If the question says 'State', 'Give', 'Name' or something similar, you only need to write facts
without elaboration. Write the answer straight away. You need not answer in complete
sentences. The number of marks allocated for the question usually shows the number of
answers needed. If the question states the number of answers you have to write, then you
are not allowed to write extra answers. If you do so and any of them is wrong, marks can be
deducted. If the question does not state the number of answers you have to write, you are
allowed to write extra answers, but you must be careful not to write answers that contradict
one another. Marks will only be given for the correct answers. For answers that are not
acceptable, whether they contain wrong facts or not, no mark will be given or deducted.
However, for answers that contradict one another, no mark will be given for both the
answers, even if one of them is correct.
- When plotting graph, draw both the horizontal and vertical axis on the graph paper
correctly. Label both axis correctly and state the unit (if any). Use a suitable scale for both
axis. Plot all points on the graph accurately. Then, if it is possible to draw a curve or straight
line that passes through all points on the graph, you should do so. If it is not possible, you
can just use straight lines to join them point-to-point. The graph should cover at least half of
the graph paper.
- When drawing diagrams, make sure that all important details are included in the diagram
you draw. You have to label correctly all parts in the diagram. Your diagram should be clear
and neat.

4. Paper 3 Question 1
- When answering, read the question and all information given carefully. Make sure that you
understand the experiment given and know what the question is asking for. Answer the
questions based on the experiment and its observations and results. You may need to apply
your Biology experimental skills to answer some questions. Certain questions may require
your knowledge and understanding in Biology to answer them. You may also need to give
your own opinions. Your answer must be specific and not too general. Give the most suitable
answer according to the question.
- You should use the correct Biological and experimental terms in your answer. Do not
replace them with other terms that are inappropriate, even if their meaning are the same.
The spelling for all Biological and experimental terms must also be correct, otherwise marks
may be deducted. For other terms, marks is not deducted for wrong spelling. If your make
grammatical errors in your answer, marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can
understand what you are writing. Do not use any short forms in your answer, except when
writing units for quantities. For all chemical substances, you should write the complete
name and do not write only the chemical formula.
- When answering parts of the question on calculation, you must show all workings. You
should not skip any important steps, otherwise marks can be deducted. You must also write
the correct unit for the final answer. You are not allowed to write extra solutions or answers.
If you do so and any of the answers or solutions is wrong, marks will be deducted.
- When answering parts of the question that require explanation or description, your answer
must be very detailed. You are advised to answer in complete sentences so that your answer
can be easily understood. The number of marks allocated for each part of the question is
always 3. The marks are given based on the quality of your answer, so it does actually
depend on the number of points in your answer. However, you should not miss out any
important points in your answer. You are allowed to write extra points in your answer, but
you must be careful not to write any points with wrong facts or points that contradict one
another. Marks will only be given for the correct points. For points that are not acceptable
but does not contain wrong facts, no mark will be given or deducted. However, for points
that contain wrong facts or points that contradict one another, marks may be deducted.
- When answering parts of the question that do not require explanation or description, write
the answer straight away. You need not answer in complete sentences. You are not allowed
to write extra answers. If you do so and any of them is wrong, marks can be deducted. For
the Constant Variable, you only need to write one answer, although there may be many.
- When recording numerical data from an instrument used in the experiment, the number of
decimal places used should be equal to the smallest division of scale of the instrument,
unless if there is special instruction in the question. (For example, if the instrument's
smallest division of scale is 0.1, you should record the data to the nearest 0.1, which is 1
decimal place.) Do not give more or less number of decimal places. You must also write the
correct units.
- When plotting graph, draw both the horizontal and vertical axis on the graph paper
correctly. Label both axis correctly and state the unit (if any). Use a suitable scale for both
axis. Plot all points on the graph accurately. Then, if it is possible to draw a curve or straight
line that passes through all points on the graph, you should do so. If it is not possible, you
can just use straight lines to join them point-to-point. The graph should cover at least half of
the graph paper.

5. Paper 3 Question 2
- When answering, read the question given carefully. You have to design a suitable
experiment based on the question. Your answer must include all the necessary details stated
in the question. When writing the Aim, Problem Statement, Hypothesis, Variables,
Technique and List of Materials & Apparatus, give the answer based on the experiment. You
need not answer in complete sentences.
- When writing the procedure, you must include all the steps to set up the apparatus, steps
to handle the manipulated, responding & fixed variable and the precautionary steps. You
should state the amount and concentration of the substances used. You are advised to
answer in complete sentences so that your answer can be easily understood. You do not
need to draw the diagram of set-up apparatus.
- When tabulating the data of experiment, you should include all the manipulated variables
and the header for the manipulated & responding variable, and you can leave blank for the
results of the experiment (responding variable).
- You can use the same or similar words or sentences as those in revision books if possible.
However, sometimes you may need to make some changes in order to suit the question. You
can also answer in your own sentences that have the same meaning. You are not allowed to
write extra answers. If you do so and any of them is wrong, marks can be deducted. For the
Constant Variable, you only need to write one answer, even though there may be many.
- You should use the correct experimental terms in your answer. Do not replace them with
other terms that are inappropriate, even if their meaning are the same. The spelling for all
experimental terms must also be correct, otherwise marks may be deducted. For other
terms, marks is not deducted for wrong spelling. If your make grammatical errors in your
answer, marks will not be deducted as long as the examiner can understand what you are
writing. Do not use any short forms in your answer. For all chemical substances, you should
write the complete name and do not write only the chemical formula.