Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 25

Galium aparine (Klett-Labkraut) -- back to mainpage

Lipicioas
De la Wikipedia, enciclopedia liber
Galium aparine
Clasifcare tiinifc
Regn: Plantae
(neclasifc
at):
Angiosper
ms
(neclasifc
at):
Eudicots
(neclasifc
at):
Asterids
Ordin: entianale
s
!amilie: Rubiaceae
en: Galium
"pecie: G. aparine
Nume binomial
Galium aparine
editeaz
v d m
Lipicioasa (Galium aparine) este o plant erbacee din familia Rubiaceae, fiind nativ din
America de Nord i Eurasia. Lipicioasa combate infec iile stafilococice.
[1]
Are efecte benefice
de cur are, purificare i detoificare a or!anismului uman .
["][#][$]
Referine i note
#$ ^ %ttp:&&'''$clicksanatate$ro&(ipicioasa)combate)in*ectiile)
staflococice+,+-..,$%tml
-$ ^ /ull, Delena$ 0Edible and 1se*ul Plants o* /e2as and t%e
"out%'est$0 #333, p$ #45!ormat:6n
.$ ^ 7%are, 8$P$ (-,,9)$ Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated
Dictionary$ "pringer$ p$ -99$ :";< 39=,.=99,>.95
4$ ^ %ttp:&&animaplant$ro&(ipicioasa$%tml
8ategorii:
Rubiaceae
Plante medicinale
Galium aparine
!rom Wikipedia, t%e *ree enc?clopedia
cleavers
bedstraw
Scientifc classifcation
7ingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: entianales
!amil?: Rubiaceae
enus: Galium
"pecies: G. aparine
inomial name
Galium aparine
($
Cleavers
[1]
(Galium aparine) are %erbaceous annual plants of t%e famil& Rubiaceae. '%e
species is native to a (ide re!ion of Europe, Nort% Africa and Asia from )ritain and t%e
*anar& +slands to ,apan. +t is no( naturali-ed t%rou!%out most of t%e .nited /tates, *anada,
0eico, *entral America, /out% America, Australia, some oceanic islands and scattered
locations in Africa. +t is considered a noious (eed in man& places.
["][#]
Contents
# Description
- E@ects on t%e bod?
. Edibilit?
4 8%emistr?
5 Aedicinal uses
> Ot%er uses
9 Ecolog?
= P%otos
3 Re*erences
#, !urt%er reading
!escription
*leavers creep alon! t%e !round and over t%e tops of ot%er plants, attac%in! t%emselves (it%
t%e small %oo1ed %airs (%ic% !ro( out of t%e stems and leaves. '%e stems can reac% up to
t%ree feet or lon!er, and are an!ular or s2uare s%aped.
[$]
'%e leaves are simple, narro(l&
oblanceolate to linear, and borne in (%orls of si to ei!%t.
[$][3]
*leavers %ave tin&, star4s%aped, (%ite to !reenis% flo(ers, (%ic% emer!e from earl& sprin! to
summer. '%e flo(ers are clustered in !roups of t(o or t%ree, and are borne out of t%e leaf
ails.
[5]
'%e !lobular fruits are burrs (%ic% !ro( 14# seeds clustered to!et%er6 t%e& are
covered (it% %oo1ed %airs (%ic% clin! to animal fur, aidin! in seed dispersal.
[5]
"#ects on t$e bod%
7or some people, s1in contact (it% Galium aparine causes an unpleasant locali-ed ras%
[8]

1no(n as contact dermatitis.
"dibilit%
Galium aparine is edible. '%e leaves and stems of t%e plant can be coo1ed as a leaf ve!etable
if !at%ered before t%e fruits appear. 9o(ever, t%e numerous small %oo1s (%ic% cover t%e plant
and !ive it its clin!in! nature can ma1e it less palatable if eaten ra(.
[:][;]
<eese t%orou!%l&
en=o& eatin! G. aparine, %ence one of its ot%er common names, >!oose!rass>.
[1?]
*leavers are
in t%e same famil& as coffee. '%e fruits of cleavers %ave often been dried and roasted, and
t%en used as a coffee substitute (%ic% contains less caffeine.
[$][11]
!or ot%er uses o* 0goosegrass0, see oosegrass$
C$emistr%
*%emical constituents of Galium aparine include@ iridoid !l&cosides suc% as asperulosidic
acid and 1?4deacet&lasperulosidic acid,
[1"]
asperuloside, monotropein and aucubin, al1aloids
suc% as caffeine, p%enolics suc% as p%enolic acids, ant%ra2uinone derivatives suc% as t%e
alde%&de nordamnacant%al (1,#4di%&dro&4ant%ra2uinone4"4al),
[1#]
flavonoids and coumarins,
or!anic acids suc% as citric acid and a red d&e.
[1$]
&edicinal uses
As a tea, t%e plant acts medicinall& as a diuretic, l&mp%atic, and detoifier.
[;][13]
As a l&mp%atic
tonic, it is used in a (ide ran!e of problems involvin! t%e l&mp% s&stem, suc% as s(ollen
!lands (e.!. tonsillitis).
[15]
Aoultices and (as%es made from cleavers (ere traditionall& used to treat a variet& of s1in
ailments, li!%t (ounds and burns.
[18]
As a pulp, it %as been used to relieve poisonous bites and
stin!s.
[1:]
'o ma1e a poultice, t%e entire plant is used, and applied directl& to t%e affected area.
[1;]
'%e asperuloside in cleavers acts as a mild sedative, and one stud& s%o(ed t%at cleaver etract
lo(ers t%e blood pressure of do!s, (it%out slo(in! t%eir %eart rate, or an& ot%er dan!erous
side effects. Et%nobotanist Br. ,ames A. Bu1e recommends a dosa!e of one ounce of dried
leaves to a pint of (ater, 1 to " teaspoons of tincture, or " to $ !rams of t%e dried %erb in a cup
of boilin! (ater, t%ree times dail&.
["?]
't$er uses
Bioscorides reported t%at ancient <ree1 s%ep%erds (ould use t%e barbed stems of cleavers to
ma1e a >rou!% sieve>, (%ic% could be used to strain mil1. Linnaeus later reported t%e same
usa!e in /(eden, a tradition t%at is still practiced in modern times.
[18]["1]
+n Europe, t%e dried, matted folia!e of t%e plant (as once used to stuff mattresses. /everal of
t%e bedstra(s (ere used for t%is purpose, due to t%e fact t%at t%e clin!in! %airs cause t%e
branc%es to stic1 to!et%er, (%ic% enables t%e mattress fillin! to maintain a uniform t%ic1ness.
[;][""]
'%e roots of cleavers can be used to ma1e a permanent red d&e.
["#]
"colo(%
'%e ant%ra2uinone alde%&de nordamnacant%al (1,#4di%&dro&4ant%ra2uinone4"4al) present in
G. aparine %as an antifeedant activit& a!ainst Spodoptera litura, t%e Criental leaf(orm mot%,
a species (%ic% is considered an a!ricultural pest.
[1#]
'%e Acari Cecidophyes rouhollahi can be
found on G. aparine.
["$]
)$otos
Wikimedia 8ommons %as media related to
Galium aparine$
8leaBers, creeping
toget%er oBer t%e tops o*
ot%er plants on t%e *orest
Coor$
(eaBes and stem o* G.
aperine$ <otice t%e
angular stem and '%orled
oblong&lanceolate leaBes$
!lo'er and *ruit o* G.
aperine$ /%e *ruit is an
ad%esiBe burr t%at clings
to animals passing b? to
spread t%e seed$
alium aparine, closeup
'it% leaBes and *ruit, *rom
8ologne, erman?