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Subject : Design of Tie Beam Doc. No.:JI-180-007-ECV-097, Rev.

A
Design of Tie Beam TB1 for foundation mkd. F1 & F2 :
Reference 1 : BS 8110:1997 Part-1
Reference 2 : BS 8110:1997 Part-2
Design Forces from staad output:
Beam L/C Node
Axial Force
kN
Shear-Y
kN
Shear-Z
kN
Torsion
kNm
Mom-Y
kNm
Mom-Z
kNm
Remark
409 128 12 80 150 10 10 40 200
Ultimate moment Mu= 200 kN-m (Mz)
Shear Force V= 150 Kn (Fy)
Max. torsion,T= 10 kN-m (Torsion)
Design Parameter:
Characteristic strength of reinforcement bar,f
y
= 360
N/mm
2
Characteristic strength of concrete f
cu
= 30
N/mm
2
Ratio |
b
= 1.00

c
= 1.00

s
= 1.00
Depth of section,h= 400 mm
Width of section,b = 400 mm
Top concrete Cover (upto main reinf) = 40 mm
Bot. concrete cover,d' (upto main reinf) = 40 mm Actual cover should
be 65 mm as the
Side concrete Cover (Upto main reinf) = 40 mm beam is exposed.
Diameter of reinforcement bar= 25 mm
Z
Y
b
h
Subject : Design of Tie Beam Doc. No.:JI-180-007-ECV-097, Rev.A
Design for Bending : (Ref.1, CL.3.4.4.4)
Effective depth of member,d= 347.5 mm
K' = 0.156
0.138 < K'
Compression reinforcement not required
281.78 mm < 330.13 mm
Hence Z = 281.78 mm
146.04 mm
Tension steel required Ast = 2075 mm
2
Min Ast = 181 mm
2
Nos of bar required = 5 nos
Compression steel required Asc = 0 mm
2
Min Asc = 181 mm
2
Nos of bar required = 1 nos
Number of Tension reinf. bar provided = 5 nos.
Area of tension reinf. provided = 2454 mm
2
Number of compression reinf bar provided = 5 nos.
Area of compression reinf. provided = 2454 mm
2
Total reinforcement provided for bending Asp= 4909 mm
2
Design for Shear & Torsion :
(Reinforcements are Indicative Only)
Diameter of link or stirrup bar= 10 mm
y
1
= 310 mm
x
1
= 310 mm
h
max
= 400 mm
h
min
= 400 mm
Shear stress developed v =V/bd= 1.079 N/mm
2
< .8 fcu or 5 N/mm2
(Ref.1,CL.3.4.5.2)
y1 h
x1
b
= =
fcu bd
Mu
K
2
=

|
.
|

\
|
+ =
9 . 0
25 . 0 5 . 0
K
d Z
( )
=

=
45 . 0
Z d
X
Subject : Design of Tie Beam Doc. No.:JI-180-007-ECV-097, Rev.A
p
tt provided
= 1.766 %
Permissible shear stress,v
c
= 0.764
N/mm
2
< v (Ref 1, Table 3.8)
Hence shear reinforcement is required Provide at a spacing of sv = 150 mm
Shear resistance required by link V
u
= 43.84 kN
For shear links 55.33 mm
2
Shear stress due to torsion, 0.47 N/mm
2
(Ref.2,CL.2.4.4,Eq-2)
So, v+v
t
= 1.55
N/mm
2
< vtu Hence ok
v
tu
= 4.38
N/mm
2
(Ref 2, Table 2.3)
v
tmin
= 0.37
N/mm
2
< vt (Ref 2, Table 2.3)
Hence reinforcement for torsion is required.
For torsional links 57.05 mm
2
Asv

= Asv
1
+Asv
2
= 112.38
mm
2
Link bar dia for resisting torsion= 10 mm
No of legs along the width of beam= 2
Total area of peripherial link bars= 157 mm
2
o.k.>Asv2
Provide additional vertical leg dia = 10 mm
No of legs = 2
Additional area to cater shear = 157 mm
2
Total available area for shear and torsion = 314 mm
2
o.k.>Asv1+Asv2
(Ref 2 Table 2.4)
Hence Provide vertical link bar (2-legs) of 10 mm dia @ 150 mm c/c
both way.
'+ additional leg of 10mm dia@ 150 mm c/c
Additional longitudinal reinf for
resisting torsion, 649 mm
2
(Ref.2,CL.2.4.7)
Reinforcement distributed at each top and bottom = 162.3 mm
2
320
Reinforcement distributed at each sides = 162.29 mm
2
320 320
Total longitudinal reinforcement reqd. due to 320
moment and torsion Asr (at top and bottom) = 2238 mm
2
Total longitudinal reinforcement provide Asp = 2454 mm
2
Hence ok
=

=
) 3 / (
2
min max
2
min
h h h
T
v
t
=
+
=
y v
yv sv
f s
y x f A
As
) 1 1 (
= =
) * 95 . 0 ( * 8 . 0
*
2
1 1
fyv y x
sv T
Asv
= =
) * * 95 . 0 (
*
1
d fyv
sv Vu
Asv
Subject : Design of Tie Beam Doc. No.:JI-180-007-ECV-097, Rev.A
Check for bending and shear about other axis :
Ultimate moment Mu= 40.00 kN-m (My)
Shear Force V= 10 Kn (Fz)
Max. torsion,T= 0 kN-m (Torsion)
(Torsion check same as earlier)
Design Parameter:
Characteristic strength of reinforcement bar,f
y
= 360
N/mm
2
Characteristic strength of concrete f
cu
= 30
N/mm
2
Ratio |
b
= 1.00

c
= 1.00

s
= 1.00
Depth of section,h= 400 mm
Width of section,b = 400 mm
Top concrete Cover= 40 mm
Actual cover should
Bot. concrete cover,d' = 40 mm be 65 mm as the
beam is exposed.
Side concrete Cover = 40 mm
Diameter of reinforcement bar= 25 mm
Design for Bending : (Ref.1, CL.3.4.4.4)
Effective depth of member,d= 347.5 mm
K' = 0.156
0.028 < K'
Compression reinforcement not required
336.49 mm > 330.13 mm
Hence Z = 330.13 mm
38.61 mm
= =
fcu bd
Mu
K
2
=

|
.
|

\
|
+ =
9 . 0
25 . 0 5 . 0
K
d Z
( )
=

=
45 . 0
Z d
X
Subject : Design of Tie Beam Doc. No.:JI-180-007-ECV-097, Rev.A
Tension steel required Ast = 354 mm
2
Min Ast = 181 mm
2
Nos of bar required = 1 nos
Compression steel required Asc = 0 mm
2
Min Asc = 181 mm
2
Nos of bar required = 1 nos
Number of Tension reinf. bar provided = 2 nos.
Area of tension reinf. provided = 982 mm
2
Number of compression reinf bar provided = 2 nos.
Area of compression reinf. provided = 982 mm
2
Total reinforcement provided for bending Asp= 1963 mm
2
Design for Shear & Torsion :
(Reinforcements are Indicative Only)
Diameter of link or stirrup bar= 10 mm
Shear stress developed v =V/bd= 0.072 N/mm
2
< .8 fcu or 5 N/mm2
(Ref.1,CL.3.4.5.2)
p
tt provided
= 0.706 %
Permissible shear stress,v
c
= 0.563
N/mm
2
> v (Ref 1, Table 3.8)
Hence no shear reinforcement is required Provide at a spacing of sv = 0 mm
Shear resistance required by link V
u
= 0.00 kN
For shear links 0.00 mm
2
Total longitudinal reinforcement reqd. due to
moment and torsion Asr (at sides) = 517 mm
2
Total longitudinal reinforcement provide Asp = 982 mm
2
Hence ok
Design Summary :
Tension reinforcement 5 nos T25 bar Each side face reinforcement 2 nos T25 bar
Compression reinforcement 5 nos T25 bar
Shear reinforcement T10 bar @150c/c outer & T10 bar @150c/c inner
y1 h
x1
b
= =
) * * 95 . 0 (
*
1
d fyv
sv Vu
Asv
Beam L/C Node Fx kN Fy kN Fz kN Mx kNm
Max Fx 5011 205 DSW + PLE + PLO +0.50 FL +AT + AL + TI 103 142.606 -216.931 -48.939 -13.511
Min Fx 5012 203 DSW + PLE + PLO + FT + AT + AL + TD 106 -44.46 132.404 16.66 -5.943
Max Fy 5012 210 DSW+PLE+PLO - AT+AL- WT+TI 106 74.604 172.678 19.812 -10.999
Min Fy 5011 211 DSW+PLE+PLO + AT+AL+ WT+TD 103 43.438 -245.828 -42.874 -16.22
Max Fz 5009 215 DSW+PLE+PLO + AT+AL+ WL+TD 102 -14.323 117.502 52.598 9.791
Min Fz 5011 215 DSW+PLE+PLO + AT+AL+ WL+TD 103 44.518 -215.912 -53.933 -5.488
Max Mx 5010 214 DSW+PLE+PLO + AT-AL- WL+TI 120 90.022 -44.341 16.874 28.556
Min Mx 5015 214 DSW+PLE+PLO + AT-AL- WL+TI 120 89.363 -72.157 -18.21 -24.253
Max My 5016 213 DSW+PLE+PLO + AT+ AL+ WL+TI 121 70.937 -32.789 -18.549 22.631
Min My 5013 216 DSW+PLE+PLO + AT-AL- WL+TD 121 -3.665 -20.198 -18.552 17.072
Max Mz 5011 209 DSW+PLE+PLO + AT+AL+ WT+TI 103 140.964 -245.791 -42.533 -20.897
Min Mz 5013 215 DSW+PLE+PLO + AT+AL+ WL+TD 121 -27.175 -6.215 16.871 -13.47
My kNm Mz kNm
-46.489 280.993
-26.284 124.741
-34.932 374.169
-36.833 312.647
-43.77 109.05
-47.798 194.912
-30.874 -172.515
-29.225 -173.134
59.569 -196.975
-59.504 -247.245
-36.469 396.91
56.832 -281.844