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Arthur Akhmetsafin

CHINISE MEDICINE
Selected materials

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).

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78

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XIX

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79


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1).

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[42,45].

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[38, 42, 45].

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u /-l U/-l (~?i5' ,] ,~ ). 78


( ~ fl!) [47]:
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Nakayama S. history of Japanese s tm. Chinise kgud and W s t impact. Cambridge (Mass.): vd Univ. ss, 1969; Needham J. Science and Civilisation in China (with llti of Wang Ling), midg, 1959. Vol. 3: Mathematics

the Science of the Earth.

95

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Craniosacral technique
and chinese medicine
It seems to reasonable to add this survey to matel"ia!s dedicated to
craniosacl"al therapy [14], and as we will see below this is related not only
to the history of the pl"oblem, or the issue of priority, but also to other
causes. Without dttig from W.G.Sl1therland's merit we to
tion centuries
old i of Chinese medicine in the area of technique called u to now Xi Sui Jing (1)t ~i1im )
"Treatise Washing the
Bl"ain" (according to the of the main treatise dsig this tech"Diamond Xi Sui Jing"
niql1e) , or n Gang Xi Sui Jing (~JilIJ~ 1:;n~ ),
( ana!ogy with Bl1ddhish "Diamond Sl1tra").
Thol1gh the ultimate aim of sl1ch technologies was obtaining "religious
enlightenment", "long life"
Chang Sheng ( ~~ ), and "immt!
ity"
u Si (/1'%), Xi Sui Jing was also sed fo pl'Osaic purposes:
improving hea!th, increasing vitality and conditioning the body.
Till recently this system was be!ieved to secret, and the texts describing the essence of the techniques to nothing than general
notes. written in the f of shol"t sl1mmal"Y, and their content is
vague withol1t competent reviewers. Contemporary followers of this system affirm that, l1ntil now, , !esson given expert of the "washing
the brain" technique cost impressive sum of , with condition
of furthel" transmission of know!edge.
Along with Xi Sui Jing (1)t~i1i ~) other similar techniques exist, such as
Yi n Jing ( @!, 1f ), a!so thl1s named according to the of the main
wOl"k this sl1bject
"Treatise the Change of Tendons (and Muscles)", Liu Zi Jue (;\ .=f:~ )
"Incantation Six Characters" (art of
dl1cting sung songs thugh the organs and tense mel"idians), Chi Shui
un Zhu (#7. ~ 3)j )
"St ! of Red Waters" and ths. In
temporary China, these techniques are grouped way anothel' Ld
the term of Qi Gong (1. J}])
!iterally translated as "work (with) energy",
and main!y used [ sanitary and curative puposes, though in former
times they were used sometimes [ exactly the opposite purposes [8].

CRANIOSACRAL TECHNIQUE AND ClNESE MEDICINE

107

However, in the "Five Methods" classification of Chinese medical sci Zhong Yi (~U-~), according to the texts of Yellow Emperor
Huang Di Nei ng (~* J*J ~), these techniques have to refered to
the methods called Dao Yin n Qiao (71 '31 ~~), literal1y translated as "
channel and to Tense, to Press and to Stretch". This is of the "Five
Methods" of Chinese medicine [2], togethel' with Du (.~) . treatment the methods of "Poisons and medications" (pharmacotherapy and
toxicology), Bing (~~) use of "smoldering (herb) and cautel'ization"
(thermogenotherapy), Bian Shi (1iZ")
treatment "stone (splintel's)"
(rnineralopuncture), and Zhen (~)
"Puncture nine (metallic)
needles" (acupuncture). These methods might applied for healing the
common people (as they were accordingly l'elated to the elements of
Wood, Fire, Earth and Metal), as well as the physicians themselves to support the effect of those methods and maintain their own health they
used the method Dao Yin n Qiao (element Water
"kidneys"
highest
possible Yin in the system of the "Five Elements"). That is why, as is
ventionaHy believed, the transrnission of such knowledge was possible
only fm hand to other hand and , could not put towards
common use.
In this regard, it is interesting to note that the element Water and the direction to the North -Bei (~t) were connected to the deity protecting this
t of the world n Wu (ft)
"the Mysterious Warior". Besides
the connection with the "mysterious", "war", and the cardinal direction of
North, as has already mentioned, the direction of North in the body is
std in the back, Bei (~), which is to found in the Chinese character (is the bottom part, "flesh" ~ , is the part, "North" ~t , i.e. "the
part of the body directed to the North", , the throne of Chinese
peror is itd with back- Yang toward the North
and the frontal- Yin
part turned to the South) [5,6].
Besides that, in the symbolic bestiary n Wu is the tortoise Gui (~)
twined snake She(!I!t:), where the tortoise is the female, and the snake is
male. The "organ" connected with the North, corelated to Water
and n Wu is "kidneys" Shen (~), which is pair organ (two testicles,
two ureters, two kidneys, two adrenals) is naturally corelated with Yin
(~).

Chinese medical paleography always points out the division of functions of the left (Yang) and the right (Yin) in the organism. And as for inner
organs, Zang Fu (J1ii!1IIff) , such bilateral "organs" are the kidneys (and to
lesser extent, the lungs). In contrast to the "organs", Zang Fu, such place
in the "meridian system" lies below the nose at the intersection of the
ridians, Shou Yang Ming, as we will further see.
Let us return to the "washing the brain" doctrine. authorship of the
"Treatise Washing the Brain" is attributed to the famous patriarch of Chinese Buddhism and to legendary founder of the martial art style Shao n Si
,

108

. . .

Quan Fa (Y** ~Y ~ ~)
"The Shao Lin
stery iils of Boxing", i Da , often called Bodhid11arma [8]. finds cuious
stories with this 1. Futhermore, accordingly
to some souces, Fei, the legendary commander
of the Song (* ) Epoch used this techniquefor
Fig. 1. Characters Xi Sui
paring his special combat subdivisions.
should note that the initial conception Da certainly clashed
with existing theory of the "life cultivating" Yang Sheng ( W:. ) of ancient
Taoists-alcI1emists, and it certainly conflicted with the entrenched theory of
body function stated in the texts of the Yellow Emperor Huang Di CfiiH~).
Without getting too deep in the sp11eres of itlism and textual
analysis of medical and Taoist-Buddhist paleography, we should outline
principal features of the "wasl1ing the brain" technology.
Firstly, let us exarnine the term xi Sui (fig. 1). The h't Xi ()
has the meaning "wash, bathe". The charactet" Sui (below) has the meaning
"brain, marrow", and dr meaning "essence" ( with the
Russian expression "to the marrow of one's bones") [5,6].
The gIaphic composition of the characteI" Sui (see left) is fmd around
cavity (trabecules, the cavity of tubular l1, of the cral1ium) with the
soft tissue
"flesh" inside it (1f), we not only ru and the spinal cord, but the marrow, too. 1 his tmi termino]ogy there
chaIacters having specific meanings, for ] Nao (JjjtJ) ''i''.
Thus, Sui is geneIalized notion ig eveIything 10cated il1 the
cavities from the smallest (spongy substance) to the biggest (spil1a] chal1ne]
al1d ril cavity). That is why the word combination Xi Sui should
translated as "washing" !" "bathing" tl1e ''i'' (and tlJ "marrow") 2.
Now, considering the il1itial theme of the research, we shoL11d point OL1t
some traits of the "is!" cOl1ception [14] and Chinese
medicine. Amol1g the systems of body fLll1ction l1 evident analogLle of
the l'isl system is so called "govenil1g vessel", Du Mai ('i Jjil<) .

In particulaI" in Japan the tih Da s l1amed Daruma. lhidlrm paid


special attel1tion 10 contemplating tl1e center of weigl1t of the body, al1d duig meditation was sitting in tiul po s tue, which allowed to lower maximally down this
center. he was told to have sitting in this postue nine years, contemplating the wall, ..... and his legs dried off'. In this ti in Japan the tilting-doll is
called "Du". This toy comes to Russia f J in XIX century and was called
"Vanka-Vstanka" (Get-up, Vanka) thanks to admiral S.O. Makarov, WllO was svig
then in the Pacific N .
2 It is interesting to note the etymology of the Russianword "l1lozg" (i) giv
Vasmer [9]: ..... related 10 the ancient Prussian muzgeno 'marrow' ... It is also
related the ancient Indian majjan, majja 'w', the Zend mazga, with the same
meaning ... , there is ti with Lithui mazgoti, 'to wasI1', d al1cient Indian
majjati, 'to dive'. In this connection we suppose that the t Xi Sui is the translation of the Sanskrit t1, as the 'w' and 'to wash' go back to root.
1

CI~ANroSACRAL TECHNIQUE AND ClNESE MEDICINE

109

In gl, tllis is of the most important "pulsating vessels" in the system of "Eight tdi vessels"
Qi Mai ()\. ~'J), and, in
ticlllar, this is "the Sea of Yang"
here the energy of "Six Yang meridians"
Liu Yang Jing (i\I%#) is united, Acupunctuists often fail to take
il1to cOl1sidel'ation that actually not six, but twelve Yang meridians
united hel'e (because they id), It is known that in each side of" the
body thel'e al'e 12 meridians (six Ying al1d six Yang midil1S), i.e. il1 genl th 24 meridians, Slli Si Jing (= -1- 12]#). The place whel'e the
"g" of the left and the right sides is ul1ited is located in the ' of the
s lltue between maxilla bones incisors al1d below l1asal partition (sutura intermaxillaris) [8, 11].
Fm the point of view of Chil1ese medicine this ' is corelated with
"the middle l'egion" in "the of l1", in other words, this is "
in the ". This point
and we should note that in Cllil1ese l11edicil1e
these aIe not points, but "lls", (1\)
is called "orifice into the
ter of the "
Ren Zhong ( J:j=I1\). HeIe the left al1d the [ight
meridians itst "the Light Yang (between) the hand and the lg intestil1e" . The above-mel1tioned phenomenon of itsti is related with
the topographic f"eatue of this meridian: this is the only midi that
Cl'osses to the opposite side, and this cossing is jllst below the 110se il1 the
il1dicated point Ren Zhong . The reanil11ation propeIty of" this point is
known, and it is effective agail1st headaches 4.
dil1g to classic theory, el1ergy, Qi, (~) f"unctions il1 the body.
is, there two kinds of this el1ergy. The fist is
formed in the mii id
this is "igil Qi" n Qi (jCjf(),
that is why it is also called "the Energy of the the Earlier "
Xian
Tian Qi (5':x~), i.e. inl1ate energy ( l11 il1 caniosacral tel'l1llnology
,l p l'il11ary [espiration"). The other is "ti", i.e. is bound witll extenal
breathing, that is WllY it is called "the El1el'gy of' the Following " ian Qi (q.&'::x~), i.e. appearil1g with the fist th and aftel' cutting
the lll11bilical d (l11 "Secondary [espiratory") 5.
istig i Wst mltu teln

"tlle large itsti midi" does t


flect the mig of the classical teln Shou Yan.g Ming Da Chang Jing (=F~19~ :JJ~ #.
4 We obsel'ved the case of the acute distu of l blood iulti i 15 old gil aftel' tlle i s tllti the " kt-s s tm" with the maximum t si ! the
teeth. l tlle msis thel'e was s of itl s ttnti hl
pathy with htsi and hydrocephalic syndl'ome (symptoms of expel'ienced hard
th traullla). Istumtl miti (MRI, Llltsgh) showed, besides
ts of hmllg i deep structues of tlle i, symptoms of ssd it-I' il
htsi, illt-vtiLll hdhl d vellous outflow distu. From the
isl tll it of view this orthodolltic procedue was llt-illdictd, as
tlle "kt-sstm" provoked stiti of ill s mechallics, ll, that of
s h-sil cOlllplex d il vault, d distti of l mm s tsi.
The stroke developed ! the sd day after the thdti operatioll.
5 Strictly skig the igil sense of the character Qi (~) is "steam, air", t
"energy". This provokes lot of delusions. Such competent diti as Shuo Wen
,

110

. . .

Besides this, Qi hthill functiol1s in the sst of lidis,


ving in th htllill COnsecl.ltive lll tis , the sllst
of which is the hth of breathing in and out. , ti acoss all
the chain of idil1S is id out duil1g two breath cycles ( ~ycle
beil1g mainly left, and the other right). place of transition is the already
known "point" located below the nose, " orifice in the iddl of ".
, if we take as the basic hth 16
18 cycles iut, the
plete cycle of "energy" in the gis occus 8 9 tis iut. This
hth should fili to experts il1 osteopathy. We ShOllJd also
tiOI1 that this concept exists in the Indian yoga and Sufi taditiol1s, as well
as in several Tibet schools of "the Dil1d Chariot", etc.
Let us retun to "Governing Vessel". Its trajectOl"Y starts just behind tlle
al1US l1 the base of [8], that is why the ability to pull up the anllS
(closing), to relax the tt of the pelvis (opening)
is key ability
il1 Chinese gstis . Going up, the "vessel" reaches the "point" located
precisely in the lower orifice of the sacral channel, Shu (ft~ 1), where
the til filt (jilae terminale) ends [11], thel1 it goes up to the thoracic
cervical . it rounds the vault of the iu at the
dian line (external passage), and at the s ti connects with the bain
il1 the parasagittal space (sinlls sagittalis et sutuasagittalis), al1d end~
the root of ll incisors behind the upper lip. Thu:s,this vessel cal1not
called "the back median idi" as W,estern .authors do (and after
th t Chinese authors, too).
part of "Governil1g vessel" corresponds till to the passage
of the spinal dura mater cllff, and il1 the ll part .thi-s "pulsating vessel"
is connected with the brain and l s (together with venous
sinllses). itself of "governing" vessel stht the ancient
sicians knew the function of the central nervol.lS sst This "vessel" has
Zi [6] states that ancient vit of the character Qi ( ) - "rice food" is the
character having in its base the same grapJleme and same ponunciation Qi ( ~ ),

"steam, air". However, in oJd dictionaries there some different ways of writing the
ht Qi ( ), which let see connection with the character Qihaving different
composition (~). Etymology of tllis sign is conneeted with flame ()f"fire" ( in the bottom "")' and swallowing the top "to swallow t'ood big pieees" ~, not with "
senee" Wu 7 , that some contemporary "masters" of Qi Gong state). This is supported
several eompetent aneient writings. So, aeeording to " Pian" the character ~ (the

ht whieh is often meant in the Qi Gong ti) is it vit ot the


eharacter ( ~ ) ("gaz", d "rice"). , the meaning of the eharaeler goes baek to the
eoneept "to swallow the fi". See details [5, 6, 8].
We should mention that the charaeter "to tl, gvrig" Du C~ ) in its
itwitig st eomposition of the sigs "" ( ) i the bottom, and harvstig harieots Shu (ffi,) - i the top, that oftennonpltises eharaeters shs.
However, in its aneient vaiant the sign "harvesting haricots" Shu (~ ) was being
written as " twined sepent (thl'ee times)" [5, 6, 8]. Is not it indieation to the
phenomenon known as "serpent foree" Kundalini i the Indian tradition? l this ease
the main eomponent of the eharaeter "10 eontol, govening" is the "thil'd " ( =1 ).
We should also note special attitude of Pifagor towarcl harieot.

CRANIOSACRAL TECHNIQUE AND ClNESE MEDICINE

111

28 "orifices" which located segments along the spinal column, and


at the vault of skull 7.
Let us examine tl1e isl system from the point of view of Chinese medicine. We stt with sacrum, , and spinal column. Russian word "krestets" (sacrum) names the ud wllich, from f
sides, in the form of coss, f bones, OI joints ' gd (two sacum-iliac joints, with Iumbal" part of the spinal column, and ).
Latin eqllivalent of saCI'lIm (os sacrum) has etymological meaning
which td back to the word "sacred", mstius, sacral
[10]. As fol" the Chinese denomination, the most stable term t'or the sacral
and s is Wei Lii (~j:;\J).
Wei (~) literally translates as "tail", meaning . Lii (j:;\J) is "village' fence", "village gate" [5, 6]. This ll is also st in Russian
"krestets (okrestnosti)", meaning envions, neighborhood. Gates, in the
trnil sense gates a~~) mt of the ht Lii (j:;\J),
W.llich means not only "passage", but' also, and often, "articlllation",
"joint". As applied to sn, these left and right sacro-iliac joints
tween wl1ic11 the sacum moves (this is called in craniosacral ti "sacral ", and in the Qi Gong
"lsig
ig the gate").
As to another component of the character Lii (g)
"s il column"
(etymologically "two vtl connected together ligaments"), fom
tl1e pl1ilological point of view this is "hti", i.e. ifti that indicates how to read the l1t, but does not semantic sense.
wv, fom medical point of view, the it is difft, as physicians lIsed to ttile sense to sigifit term and physicians of
tradition use tl1eir own langl1age. So Lii (g) is the charactel" ig spi~al coll1mn, , it is directly related to ou subject.
Tllis ht l1as interesting meaning
"fts" (of musical
i stllmts) [1, 5, 6], tl1e constl1ction of which is similat with that of tl1e
spinal lllm. We ShOllld also mention tl1at Chil1ese ffillsical scale is also
called Lii Lii (1=\ ~), , the of its base tone, "Yellow ll" Huang

Zhong (Ji1fi).
1

Chinese medical th, tI11S of mllsical acollstics often llsed.


, ( theory of body fllti is "mllsical" its t. We
ShOllld l11l11 well-known citation fl'om the "lntenal tis of the
Yellow " Huang Di Nei Jing (~'.jj'1*J #~) . 1 the cl1apteI" 78 "DisLlssi About Needles", i the Ling s/ section (%:1;j>/!) we [ead [3]:
We shoulcl t that i tlle old witigs 27 its (3 times 9). "orifices" w
dsid, i.e. this tlley emphasis the Yang - t of the "tllig vesse l", i
tst ( "the vessel ti" - 24 "orifices" (4 time 6). i.e. thi s is Yin-vessel.
Tlle 28th "Ol'ifice" was lateI" dditi. Nnl' sy mbolism is ( tlle highest dg
typical his medical tlleory. ReadeI" t"id the detailed tg h i
sdig uutu guides.
7

112

. . .

Fig. 2. AnaJ ogy of COllstrllction ot' mllsicaJ in s tnnts


and the I'nisJ system.

~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ili . - @~~ .~ ~~ ~.~~~~.~~


~~ ~~ B~. ~~J!!J!& 'IE..
.

)\ +- .

"The perfectly Wise in1erred number 01 Heaven and Earth, 1rom


nine, and rl1US established nine localities, nine multiplied nine gill es
eigl1ty , in SUCl1 way calculates tl1e scale Huang Zhong, n[ so
coresponds tl1e number 01 needles ".

of the examples of "musical" sd with human anatomy


is the structue of above-mentioned "Gvig vessel" Du Mai (fig. 2). In
this sense the notiol1 "meridian" Jing (~) should tral1slated as
"string"
i. . string with changing tension.
Tlle similit of the cral1iosacral system strllctue al1d 111l1sical instfllmel1ts is evident: the bottom (sacrum and coccix) is the system of
"string" tension adjllstmel1t, the top
(cranium)
the system of
' 'l-sts'', with the "neck" (spinal colllmn) and "fts" between them.
Also, svl constrllctive elements of Chinese mllsical il1stumts (l1thIOmhllS) 11 anatomical names [1].
This simple and obviolls analogy has l1evertheless biophysical fOllndation, too, and that is td bioacollstics research [1, 12, 13].
Fo l, mathematical calculations of proportionaJity of the dimensiol1s
of vt, the length of the spinal colllmn and tlle itvtl disks,

Ci~ANIOSACI~AL TECHNIQUE AND CHINESE MEDICINE

113

the height of the spinal cord segments, the length of the spinal rootlets, etc,
show similarities with numerical poportions of the musical istumts
[! sttu. [1, 13]. We should add to ]] this that the s of direct
and vs piezoeffect in bones disvd in in the nineteen fifties indicates that tJ1e behaves as mstl 8
It is curious to note that if we apply ft sds to the spil1al
lll1 stllctl\e, main pentatonic mllsical itvls will corespond to the
key segmel1ts
with t11sitis between the [egions of the spinal lum
al1d the tips of cyphoses and ldss (in biomechanics and lll medicil1e they known as "s" and "tigls" tJt the Jts of the
postllaJ baJance).
Let lIS i the "Chinese" anatomy of the i. This is il1teresting subject, as al1atomy was not developed i his mdii, and dissections w sporadic th systematic. In this ss, his physicians were physiologists than mqrpJ101ogists. Thus, according to the
Western physician, knowledge of anatomy was impossible in . How, stlldying some of some ancient Taoist texts suggests absolL1tely
difft idea to L1S.
The brain is divided il1to nine regions, wh "nine palaces" 10cated 9. I theil" tlln, the "nine palaces" distiL1td in the sagittal plane
into two "f]oors". Western Is hs taoJogists believe these "palaces" to
paaphysical objects. We differ with this ittti and wiJl t to
find tJ1e anatomophysiological lgis of tl1ese "palaces". We find indications of this il1 the welJ-kl1w Taoist writil1gs Dong Zhen Tai Shang
Dao n n Dan Shong Jing IJ ~j\.:LJ;g7Gft L#)
"Superiol"
treatise of tl1e Origil1al Cil1nabar of the SL1preme Way Sovereign f the
Gtt of the L1th", and Huang Ting Nei Jing Jing (Jt!I*J::\'J!J)
"Tl"eatise Explaining the Iti of the YeJlow l" [7].
With l1 the img-ig characteI" of SL1ch names, and in tJ1e same
way l1ninitiated itts these terms, they absoll1teJy t
"regions" of the organism. For example, "YelJow COll!"
Huang ing
,

The speed of so und in living is 3500 4500 m/sec, i. e. 10 times


qui cker than in the air (340 m/sec). Jn the Xi Sui Jing ti, special attel1tiol1 is paid
to stikig the with hand, with fingel's, with fists 01' viLlS thil1gs (d,
stick, bags filled with cereals etc), to various kinds of walking and stampil1g the
sal1d , stol1e, t accompanied various types of' "silent" or "sound" breathing, shoutig etc. sLlch kinds of "exercises" bones, myofascial system and inne gs are
tmd. These specialists dst naked hands objects that are times
firm than . Stl'ikig with sledge-hmmI' the head of' SLlch "specialist"
vks flexible deformation of the iu withollt pathologic COI1SeqLleI1CeS,
Wllich was times ['ecorded at video. Jt is also evident that ill Xi Sui Jing and othe
s imila techniques the phenomeno n of acoustical ['esonance is applied. Fist scientific
publications aboLlt piezoeffects in tlle see Fukuc/a ( 1957).
9 "Palaces" dwellings of spirit SI~en Ling. It is ius to 110te, that in loden
Chinese nerve is stig of s iit (SI1e/~ Jing).
8

. . .

114

(~M) associated with the ri il

(omentum minus) d

space (s omentalis), wh the s is located (the


Element Earth
yellow !). The ht "gtt" IliJ) ( in widel'
sense "") its composition sts " sUlounded water",
and, as we will furthel" see, fs to the ventricle system of the brain.
So, Taoists distiguish "Nine pa!aces" Gong (j1, . g them,
in the !ower li fl'Om the front to the back, at tlle dist of' the distance
of "inC!l" (' J) from other go:
Ming Tang Gong (JJ R: ' )
" Palac.e of the Light "
Dong Fang Gong UJiiJJJJ'F: ) " Palace. of the Chambers"
Dan Tian Gong (f} ' )
" Palace of Cinnabal' Field"
Liu Zhu Gong (~1iJ*')
" Palace of Floating l"
Di Gong (s. ')
"Tlle l of the Jade "
In the line, at f the Iowel' lil1e, giig f the
level Ming Tang Gong, from the ft to the back go:
ian ing Gong (:;R:M ')
" Palace of tl1e Llt"
Zhen Gong (~1~ ')
" Palace o,f the U1timate THltll"
Dan Gong C~: f]- 'F: )
" Palace of the St i"
Tai Huang Gong (* ~ ' )
" Palace of the Great Sovereign"
tmits the line.
In is necessary to make few remarks . dig to the list of the
"Explaining tis of the Yellow Court", lIses the term Ni Wan
Gong (1.Ft.1L '), " l of Niv" instead of " Palace of i
Field", that is example of tl1e itduti of BlIddhist ts it
Taoist psychosomatic terminology. We should also mention that for
ing the Sanskrit term Niv, the his consonant Ni Wan is used, that
litll means "clod of mud", "tll ball". Thlls Ni Wan Gong might either tsltd as "the Palace of th clod" and as " Palace of
Niv" .
dig to its description , " ! of the Ligllt " is located
at to the back from the point tw the eyebrows (g labella) [7,
11]. Let us try to ana!yze. the anatomic tgh of tlle "palaces". Tlle
five lower "palaces" from the front to the back:
Ming Gong
" l of the Light " . cllaracteL" Ming
(:)
"Light" shows that this palaee is bOllnd to the ss of sight. In tun,
the ht Ming is tlle iti of the charactel' Ri () "S Lln" (left),
and (J=]) "" (right), I the Taoist somatic cl1art the SUI1 symboJizes
tlle left , the symbolizes tlle [ight , So, i tlle ht Ming,
tlle i vision is [eaJized, t the rni (portrait) flti , wl1 tlle sides
l1g tl1eir plaees. place wllere tlle SLl ( the left) d tlle (
the right), in other words tlle left d the rigllt optic v
lIit
this l the optic ehiasm (cl1iasma optici) [11]. Is the Tang
(R:) ' 'll'' hypophisis i this case? 111 tl1e siti of the h:t
Tang
"ll" the only place which tts the vil'Ot is tlle " i-hlJ
sdig

l1S

CRANIOSACRAL TECHNIQUE AND CINESE MEDICINE

in t11e th wall" Xian (rP1) (Hypophysis gate?, infundibulum?), and besides,


in the base of the sign is the ht ()
earth, that might indicate,
in d with Chinese theory, the endocrine and metabolic functions.
Consideing that the text localizing Ming Tang Gong indicates the distance
of fm the glabella, we shoL11d include the crest of cock (crista
galli), the place offixing the l falx (Jalx cerebri) with the lft
bulbs (bulbus oifactorius) in the territoy of the "palace".
Dong Fang Gong
" Palace of the Chambers". Thalami
(thalamus), that litll translated fm Latin as ''bedroom, "
(and "id-d", thalami expers
"not maried", "virgin")
[10]. We should note that the charactel" Fang (JJJ) has the samesense! But
the ht Dong [) " ", "gotto" suggests the thought of "st
washed " (grotto), that anatomically is tll associated with
the l venttcicles. In this case they only the left andthe right
(lateral) l ventricles. In this regard, it is interesting to t .that in
the
character Fang the mt () "wicket-gate", "sigl ,doo"
is applied, as opposed .to the "folding gate" n (F'). Thus we suppose
the s of dou'b le ' ~caye hms". That is confirmed t11e "
tise Explaining the Interiel" ,{ the Yellow Court"
Huang ing Nei Jing
Jing, where iidtall we canfind the fol1owing ifmti:
~m~~!fti
"t11rough the 10lds o/>th.e Spirit Gates
Cave chabers".

It is

reach t11e purple 01 t11e

kw

that the choreoid plexuses (plexus c/1Orioideus) in the lateral


vtils has the violet (l) ! dig to the same witig "the
p~lace" consists of three ts: left, Tight and central. part "
tects"
Shou ("'F) sdig "spirit"
Shen (~): the left (left
tricle) "protects sit" Rong (~), the [ight "protects defense" Wei
(1~), the tl "tts the sublime mst of the sum truth" Gao
n Shang Zhen (~"t J::.~). Indeed, tw the ltl vtils th
is connection throL1gb the inter-ventricle foramen Monoe (foramen n
roe) [11]. Thus, we sbould associate the it-vtil fm and the
thid venticle with thecentral part of the "palace of the hms".
As fol" the "flishig" Rong, and the "defense" Wei, we see two
opposite kinds of the gism fluctuations which iult in the system
of the "vessels" d the "meridians", d w11ich uutists kw as
"ishig" (flourishing) and "protecting (dfs)" gis. "defense" g sidd as the immu energy, as its mi goal is
to tt gism from rfl energy, d strengthen "ftis" (the
system of meridians). In this case we should identify the eneTgy of "fl
ishing" with the vegetative energy (vegetable life), bL1t not completely, as
in the ancient texts the character having similal" composition, Ying (1if;)
"hdqut"
is ft used instead of Rong (~) "flishig", ,
the tl!ig metabolism function (
vegetative energy). Let us
,

116

. . .

a1so [emark that both tms [elated to mi]it sttg vu]


(immune system). Coming back to the vius point, the "Palace of the
Light " then unites the systems of hypotha]amus and hypophysis.
Dan Tian Gong
"The 1 of CinnabaJ" Field" Ni Wan Gong"The Palace of Earthen C]od" is ]ocated in to the back f the
previous "palace", hence, topical1y sds to the epyphisis (corp.us
pineale) [11], which was ld sidd "SOll] dwe1ling" Rene Dekart, and we wi1l add that it is disposed to calcification (c]od of mlld) , is
connected with ]ong ]ife, and in utwd it tllll has the [edw (i) hue! 1n this ti th is itstig fgt of
the Ling n Zi ( ~IJ ) witig "The Teachel" of Siitul Sward":
EI Jl,\z*1~ if:, ~!~Z7.1J ~m , ~;~~1~ttj(m ~ 1~iif]:*~;",
rI:iJ DJl,\Z~J: i1Jt:1L;".
"tl1e fire 01 tl1e Sun gives tl1 10 clew, the wateI" 01 tl1.e moistl gives th to i. going togethe I" ( t11e Nortl1 ( :ij.'). tl1ey tum (
the palace 01 the energy 01 the kidneys sea Zi ( ) ' Hai ( fi ). the enegy
01 heat directs ( Zi ( ). upwards tats into the palace 01 the
tl1en Clod (iIt:fa1)".

We ShOLl]d take into sidti that ud "dew" and "i" they


"body juices", fa ], sa]ivary g]ands (di. and
i), and "kidneys" in Chinese dii a]so dl g1ands (d
), d sexua] g]ands (sexua] hormo11es), besides the Nth in the g
ism ms the git1 s h (Yin). The ht (Yang) is not ]
1 11eart, but a1so "el1lOtiona] mind" and the i. The diti to Zi
()
i the tgh this is the diti to the South-West (i.e. in the
organism this is the head, and precise]y the right t of the head the [ight h mish), and in the same time to the center (the t of
the i). Might it the question of the endapJlin systel11, in tiu],
"tlle factors of the pose st" iultig in the IiqLlor
hi
] st of the brain, besides the
di sst. Sllbstances produced side of the body not obligatory t to
othel" side (biochemical st of the organs)!
Lii Zhu Gong
"the ] of the t10ating Pearl". Fth to
f the "palace of Cinnabar field" (epyphisis) the corpora qligmin
and Sy1vian aqueduct (aquaeductus Silvii) located.
Di Gong
"the palace of the Jade ". Forth vtiJe (venh fossa (fossa romboidea). 1n the
triculus quartus) d his bottom
"tis exp]aining the iti of the Yel10w t", in the
chaptel" " " we find the following ifti concerning "Jade ":
=6 ~5E m 3i -. VJ1
"the spirit dwelling is as much clean (transparent)
(carelessly) batl1es (into ,vaves)".

'

tl1e Jade

We [isk hs
"the 1iquor is as much dynamic as venOLlS outt10w is 110t limited". F pa1aces from the font to the back:

CRANIOSACRAL TECHNIQUE AND CHINESE MEDICINE

ian

117

'the palace of the Cout". It is located in


lIwds f the "palace of the Light ". In the ''tis
plaining tJle interiol" of the Yellow CouC' the fllwig hs concening
the " Cout" is cited:

Tong Gong

~~tI! IJ JU1f-

"the Heaven Court


wise with .

if compared with the Eartl1 Court is cleaved length-

This imssiv hs comes mhsi if we m that i


tel'
hemisphere space of the brain is divided the l mm
(dura mater), that is named "l falx ()" (Jalx cerebri). , "the
palace of the v Cout"
is thig than hemispheres of the
i (ftl lobes), at least theil" parasagittal sf, d the l
falx itself. In this case the "Earth CouC' (abdomen) is "cleaved acoss"
the epiploic system (omentum minus et majus)!
Ji Zhen Gong
"tlle palace of the Ultimate Tfllth", n Dan
Gong
"the paJace of the Secret i''', Tai Huang Gong
"the pal of the Great Svig". As [ the last three "palaces", the information concening them is sporadic, and there is possibility to identify
tllem with concrete tmi . We only sllppose that they 10calized i the back cranial fossa, Ld the tentorillm of cerebellllm (tentorium cerebelli), and/or is related to venolls sil1l1ses of tJlis region.
Finishing this shot sllvey we sJ101Ild ask ollselves
what th, 110t
ti, way gave to the Chinese physicians ability to know the details of
slIch complex strllctue as the i? We forced to [ecognize that the
it shs applied diffel'el1t scientific methodology. Taking il1to
sidti vl of individlla! psychophysica! technologies, ds
bihg which we st1d st suvey, al1d taking into accollnt ti
oned goals of Taoist shs, the only possibIe al1swel" that the "Jaboatory" of anciel1t lchist was always "at hancl"
tllat was the live
and flll1Ctiol1il1g gism of tlle adept himself. ThllS, in the pt"Ocess of "in alchemy" the subject and the object had vit gOllnd [ lInion.
The il1fmtiI1 about the gl1is stut al1d functioning were the
[esllJt of studyil1g their OWI1 orgal1isl11, to pl'ecise, the fluctatil1g
liquids (homeoresis), and the sst of idi change of tisslle tension
(histeresis), al1d the il1ner sight (viSlllizti, introspectiol1) al!owed studyil1g l1 "st places" of the gisi. The l1l1tti of conscillsss: such practices as Shou Yi "Sfgudig the Unique", sllch techiqus as Dao Yin "Ditd Tension" Jet distile the elastic fs in
l1tiv tisslles, and dil1g procedues like Xi Sui distiut the
liquor pressue il1 the cavities inside al1d olltside the brail1 al1d the marow,
as well as il1flllence the brail1 bIood iultil1; this is kind of inl1er
l1is! techl1iqlle (sti il1tospection).

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2. 1it 'mI*.J#~~I'''] l:. i:
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6.
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(ht24).

z. i:gj;:=F~ o [[j)/I
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!I*.J : ~ l:.i:

1989.

liI ~ J;bli'i"!14 ~~ ](

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-
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34. La\lia J. Bio-energetique cl1inoise. ., 1973.


35. Nakayama S. history Japanese stI11: Chinise backgoul1d alld Wstl
il11pact. l11idg (Mass.): vd Univ. ss, 1969.
36. Nllm J. Sciel1ce and Civili satioll in Chilla (witll lltiIl of Wang Lillg).
Vol. 3: Mathel11atics al1d the Sciel1ce of the Eartll. l11idg, 1959.
37. Upl edga J. ! al. i s l ll . Seat]e: Eastlalld s s , 1983.
38. Wieger L. Chinese hts: theil" origil1, tlOlg, Ili story, class ification 311d
sigllificatiol1. 2-d ed. Catholic Missioll ss, 1927.
39. "8&: t :!li! ('* ~ Jt rtrl\ 7HlI} ) , ~t * o 1981.
40. " ~. : t~U!- O-I'1k, HHf, I"'l: J)] , rr:~7-}JJJJ- ) ~t * 1986.
41. "I~ I!14: J)]~$ ~ o ~t * 1988.
42. i')(. i.~:-=I':~~, 12])11 , 1992.
43. 'tl=. 1f11 ~ J@ 1998.
44. fIt1:l:~ ~U!- ~t *o 1997.
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