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# Saturday,March27,2010

4:59PM
Unfiled Notes Page 1

## KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA SANGATHAN

CLASS XI SUBJECT MATHEMATICS
SESSION ENDING EXAMINATION BLUE PRINT
UNIT SL NO NAME OF
CHAPTER
VSA SA LSA TOTAL TOTAL
OF UNIT
1 1 SETS 1 - 1 7(2)
2 RELATION AND
FUNCTION
- 2 8(2)
3 TRIGNOMETRIC
FUNCTIONS
- 1+1* 1 14(3) 29(7)
II 4 PMI - 1* - 4(1)
5 COMPLEX
NUMBERS AND
EQUATION
- 1* - 4(1)
6 LINEAR
INEQUALITIES
1 - 1 7(2)
7 PERMUTATION
AND
COMBINATION
- 2 - 8(2)
8 BINOMIAL
THEOREM
1 - 1* 7(2)

9 SEQUENCE
ANDS SERIES
1 - 1* 7(2) 37(10)
III 10 STRAIGHT LINES - 1* - 4(1)
11 CONIC SECTION 1 1 - 5(2)
12 INTRODUCTION
OF 3D
- 1 - 4(1) 13(4)
IV 13 LIMITS AND
DERIVATIVES
2 1 - 6(3) 6(3)
V 14 MATHEMATICAL
REASONING
3 - - 3(3) 3(3)
VI 15 STATISTICS - - 1 6(1) 6(1)
VII 16 PROBABILITY - - 1 6(1) 6(1)
TOTAL 10 48(12) 42(7) 100(29) 100(29)

1. * FOR INTERNAL CHOICE
2. NUMBER IN BRACKETS SHOWS THE NUMBER OF QUESTIONS
3. VSA (1) SA (4) LSA (6)

## Model Question Paper

MATHEMATICS
Class XI
Time : 3 Hours Max. Marks :
100
General Instructions
1. All questions are compulsory.
2. The question paper consist of 29 questions divided into three sections A, B and C. Section
A comprises of 10 questions of one mark each, section B comprises of 12 questions of
four marks each and section C comprises of 07 questions of six marks each.
3. All questions in Section A are to be answered in one word, one sentence or as per the
exact requirement of the question.
4. Use of calculators is not permitted. You may ask for logarithmic tables, if required.

SECTION A
1. Write the set A = {x :x is a prime number which is divisor of 60}in roster
form.
2. Simplify and write the values of a and b, where a + bi = .

/
.

/
3. A coin is tossed 3 times and the outcomes are recorded. How many possible
outcomes are there?
4. Find the coefficient of x
5
in (x + 3)
8

5. Evaluate

.
6. Evaluate

7. Find the component statements of All rational numbers are real and all real
numbers are complex.
8. Write the negation of the statement: Chennai is the capital of Tamil Nadu.
9. Write the contrapositive and converse of the statement: If x is a prime
number, then x is odd
10. There are four men and six women on the city council. If one council
member is selected for a committee at random, how likely is it that it is a
woman?
SECTION B
11. If A = {1, 2, 3, 4}, B = {3, 4, 5, 6}, C = {5, 6, 7, 8 }, Prove that
( ) ( ) ( )
12. Let A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 6}. Let R be the relation on A defined by {(a, b): a ,b
A, b is exactly divisible by a}.
(i) Write R in roster form
(ii) Find the domain of R
(iii) Find the range of R.
13. Find the domain and range of ()

## , also find f(3).

14. Show that tan 3 x tan 2 x tan x = tan 3x tan 2 x tan x.
OR

Find

## where it is given that

, and x is in
15. Express the expression in the form of a + ib :
()()
()()
.
OR
Find the modulus and argument of the complex number

16. Find the number of arrangements of the letters of the word
INDEPENDENCE. In how many of these arrangements,
(ii) do all the vowels always occur together
(iii) do the vowels never occur together
(iv) do the words begin with I and end in P?
17. Find a if the coefficients of

and

in the expansion of ( )

are
equal.
18. Find the sum of the sequence 7, 77, 777, 7777, ... to n terms.
19. Find the coordinates of the foci, the vertices, the length of major axis, the
minor axis, the eccentricity and the length of the latusrectum of the ellipse

.
20. The vertices of PQR are P (2, 1), Q (2, 3) and R (4, 5). Find equation of
the altitude through the vertex R.
OR
Find the equation of the line parallel to y-axis and drawn through the
point of intersection of the lines x 7y + 5 = 0 and 3x + y = 0.
21. Find the derivative of ()

.
OR
Find the derivative of Sin x
22. Two students Anil and Ashima appeared in an examination. The probability
that Anil will qualify the examination is 0.05 and that Ashima will qualify
the examination is 0.10. The probability that both will qualify the
examination is 0.02. Find the probability that
(a) Both Anil and Ashima will not qualify the examination.
(b) At least one of them will not qualify the examination and
(c) Only one of them will qualify the examination.

SECTION C
23. Show that the following four conditions are equivalent : ()
() () ()
OR
In a survey of 60 people, it was found that 25 people read newspaper H,
both H and T,8 read both T and I, 3 read all three newspapers. Draw a
venn diagram describing above sets and Find:

(i) The number of people who read at least one of the newspapers.
(ii) The number of people who read exactly one newspaper.
(iii) Who read H but neither T nor I.
(iv) Who read T and H but not I.
24. Find the general and particular solutions of Sin x + Sin 3x + Sin 5x = 0.
25. Prove by using mathematical induction rule :

()()

()

26. Solve the system of inequalities graphically 2x + y 4, x + y 3, 2x 3y 6,
and x 0, y 0
27. The coefficients of the (r 1)
th
, r
th
and (r + 1)
th
terms in the expansion of (x + 1)
n
,
are in the ratio 1 : 3 : 5. Find n and r.
OR
Find the sum to n terms of the series

) (

)
28. Find the coordinates of the foot of perpendicular from the point (1, 3) to the
line 3x 4y 16 = 0.
29. Find the mean, variance and standard deviation for the data given below.

Class 0 30 30-60 60-90 90-120 120-150 150-180 180-210
Frequency 2 3 5 10 3 5 2

**********************************************************************************

## Class XI Physics Syllabus 2012

One Paper Three Hours Max Marks: 70
Class XI ei!h"a!e
Unit I Physical World & Measurement 03
Unit II Kinematics 10
Unit III Laws of Motion 10
Unit IV Work !ner"y & Power 0#
Unit V Motion of \$ystem of %articles & &i"id 'ody 0#
Unit VI (ra)itation 0*
Unit VII Pro%erties of 'ulk Matter 10
Unit VIII +hermodynamics 0*
Unit ,I 'eha)iour of Perfect (as & Kinetic +heory of "ases 0*
Unit , -scillations & Wa)es 10
+otal .0
#ni" I: Physical orl\$ an\$ Measure%en" &perio\$s 10'
Physics / sco%e and e0citement1 nature of %hysical laws1 Physics technolo"y and society2
3eed for measurement4 Units of measurement1 systems of units1 \$I units fundamental and deri)ed
units2 Len"th mass and time measurements1 accuracy and %recision of measurin" instruments1
si"nificant fi"ures2
5imensions of %hysical 6uantities dimensional analysis and its a%%lications2
#ni" II: (ine%a"ics &Perio\$s )0'
7rame of reference2 Motion in a strai"ht line4 Position/time "ra%h s%eed and )elocity2
Uniform and non/uniform motion s%eed and )elocity / a)era"e and instantaneous
Uniformly accelerated motion )elocity/time "ra%h and %osition/time "ra%h e6uations for uniformly
accelerated motion 8"ra%hical treatment only92
\$im%le introduction to elementary conce%ts of differentiation and inte"ration for descri:in" motion2
\$calar and )ector 6uantities4 )ectors notation e6uality of )ectors multi%lication of )ectors :y
a real num:er1 addition and su:traction of )ectors2 Position and dis%lacement )ectors relati)e
)elocity2
Unit )ector1 &esolution of a )ector in a %lane / rectan"ular com%onents2 Motion in a %lane2
Pro;ectile motion circular motion2
#ni" III: *a+s o, Mo"ion &Perio\$s 1-'
<once%t of force2 Inertia 3ewton=s first law of motion1 momentum and 3ewton=s second law
of motion1 im%ulse1 3ewton=s third law of motion2 Law of conser)ation of linear momentum and
its a%%lications2
!6uili:rium of concurrent forces2 \$tatic and kinetic friction laws of friction rollin" friction2
5ynamics of uniform circular motion4 <entri%etal force e0am%les of circular motion 8)ehicle on
#ni" I.: ork/ 0ner!y an\$ Po+er &Perio\$s 1-'
\$calar %roduct of )ectors2 Work done :y a constant force and a )aria:le force1 kinetic ener"y
work/ener"y theorem %ower2
Potential ener"y %otential ener"y of a s%rin" conser)ati)e forces4 conser)ation of mechanical
ener"y 8kinetic and %otential ener"ies91 non/conser)ati)e forces4 elastic collisions and elementary
idea of inelastic collisions2

## #ni" .: Mo"ion o, Sys"e% o, Par"icles an\$ 1i!i\$ 2o\$y &Perio\$s 13'

<entre of mass of a two/%article system <entre of mass of ri"id :odies2 Momentum conser)ation
and motion centre of mass2
Vector %roduct of )ectors1 moment of a force tor6ue an"ular momentum conser)ation of
an"ular momentum with some e0am%les2
!6uili:rium of ri"id :odies ri"id :ody rotation and e6uations of rotational motion com%arison
of linear and rotational motions1
Moment of inertia radius of "yration2 Moments of inertia for sim%le "eometrical o:;ects 8no
deri)ation92 -nly statement of %arallel and %er%endicular a0es theorems and their a%%lications2
#ni" .I: 4ra5i"a"ion &Perio\$s 16'
Ke%lar=s laws of %lanetary motion2 +he uni)ersal law of "ra)itation2
>cceleration due to "ra)ity and its )ariation with altitude and de%th2
(ra)itational %otential ener"y1 "ra)itational %otential2 !sca%e )elocity2 -r:ital )elocity of a satellite2
(eo/stationary satellites2
#ni" .II: Proper"ies o, 2ulk Ma""er &Perio\$s 23'
!lastic :eha)iour \$tress/strain relationshi% ?ooke=s law @oun"=s modulus :ulk modulus shear
modulus of ri"idity2
Pressure due to a fluid column1 Pascal=s law and its a%%lications 8hydraulic lift and hydraulic
:rakes92 !ffect of "ra)ity on fluid %ressure2
Viscosity \$tokes= law terminal )elocity &eynold=s num:er streamline and tur:ulent flow2
'ernoulli=s theorem and its a%%lications2
\$urface ener"y and surface tension an"le of contact a%%lication of surface tension to dro%s
:u::les and ca%illary action2
?eat tem%erature thermal e0%ansion1 s%ecific heat ca%acity / calorimetry1 chan"e of state /
latent heat2
?eat transfer/conduction con)ection and radiation thermal conducti)ity 3ewton=s law of coolin"2
#ni" .III: Ther%o\$yna%ics &Perio\$s 12'
+hermal e6uili:rium and definition of tem%erature 8Aeroth law of thermodynamics92 ?eat work
and internal ener"y2 7irst law of thermodynamics2
\$econd law of thermodynamics4 re)ersi:le and irre)ersi:le %rocesses2 ?eat en"ines and
refri"erators2
#ni" IX: (ine"ic Theory o, 4ases &Perio\$s 3'
!6uation of state of a %erfect "as work done on com%ressin" a "as2
Kinetic theory of "ases / assum%tions conce%t of %ressure2 Kinetic ener"y and tem%erature1
rms s%eed of "as molecules1 de"rees of freedom law of e6ui%artition of ener"y 8statement only9
and a%%lication to s%ecific heat ca%acities of "ases1 conce%t of mean free %ath >)o"adro=s
num:er2
#ni" X: Oscilla"ions an\$ a5es &Perio\$s 23'
Periodic motion / %eriod fre6uency dis%lacement as a function of time2 Periodic functions2
\$im%le harmonic motion 8\$2?2M9 and its e6uation1 %hase1 oscillations of a s%rin"Brestorin"
force and force constant1 ener"y in \$2?2M2 Kinetic and %otential ener"ies1 sim%le %endulumB
deri)ation of e0%ression for its time %eriod1 free and forced 8dam%ed9 oscillations 86ualitati)e
ideas only9 resonance2

Wa)e motion2 +rans)ersal and lon"itudinal wa)es2 5is%lacement relation for a %ro"ressi)e wa)e2
&eflection of wa)es %rinci%le of su%er%osition of wa)es standin" wa)es in strin"s and or"an
%i%es fundamental mode and harmonics 'eats2 5o%%ler effect2
Prac"icals
7o"e: 05ery s"u\$en" +ill per,or% 10 experi%en"s &8 ,ro% each sec"ion' an\$ 3 ac"i5i"ies &6 ,ro%
each section9 durin" the academic year2
+wo demonstration e0%eriments must :e %erformed :y the teacher with %artici%ation of students2
+he students will maintain a record of these demonstration e0%eriments2 \$chools are ad)ised to
follow the "uidelines for e)aluation in %racticals for <lass ,II2
05alua"ion Sche%e ,or Prac"ical 0xa%ina"ions
l -ne e0%eriment from any one section C marks
l +wo acti)ities 8one from each section9 8DED9 C marks
l Practical record 8e0%eriments & acti)ities9 # marks
l &ecord of demonstration e0%eriment & Vi)a :ased on these e0%eriments 3 marks
l Vi)a on e0%eriments & acti)ities * marks
+otal 30 marks
S0CTIO7 9
Experiments
12 Use of Vernier <alli%ers
8i9 to measure diameter of a small s%hericalFcylindrical :ody2
8ii9 to measure dimensions of a "i)en re"ular :ody of known mass and hence find its density2
8iii9 to measure internal diameter and de%th of a "i)en :eakerFcalorimeter and hence find its )olume2
G2 Use of screw "au"e
8i9 to measure diameter of a "i)en wire and 8ii9 to measure thickness of a "i)en sheet2
32 +o determine radius of cur)ature of a "i)en s%herical surface :y a s%herometer2
D2 +o find the wei"ht of a "i)en :ody usin" %arallelo"ram law of )ectors2
*2 Usin" a sim%le %endulum %lot L/+ and L/+G "ra%hs2 +o find the 8a9 effecti)e len"th of second=s
%endulum usin" a%%ro%riate "ra%h 8:9 acceleration due to "ra)ity2
#2 +o study the relationshi% :etween force of limitin" friction and normal reaction and to find co/
efficient of friction :etween a :lock and a horiAontal surface2
Activities
12 +o make a %a%er scale of "i)en least count e2"2 02Gcm 02*cm2
G2 +o determine mass of a "i)en :ody usin" a metre scale :y %rinci%le of moments2
32 +o %lot a "ra%h for a "i)en set of data with %ro%er choice of scales and error :ars2
D2 +o measure the force of limitin" friction for rollin" of a roller on a horiAontal %lane2
*2 +o study the )ariation in ran"e of a ;et of water with an"le of %ro;ection2
#2 +o study the conser)ation of ener"y of a :all rollin" down on inclined %lane 8usin" a
dou:le inclined %lane92

S0CTIO7 2
Experiments
12 +o determine @oun"=s modulus of elasticity of the material of a "i)en wire2
G2 +o find the force constant of a helical s%rin" :y %lottin" "ra%h :etween load and e0tension2
32 +o study the )ariation in )olume with %ressure for a sam%le of air at constant tem%erature :y %lottin"
"ra%hs :etween P and V and :etween P and IFV2
D2 +o determine the surface tension of water :y ca%illary rise method2
*2 +o determine the coefficient of )iscosity of a "i)en )iscous li6uid :y measurin" terminal )elocity of
a "i)en s%herical :ody2
#2 +o study the relationshi% :etween the tem%erature of a hot :ody and time :y %lottin" a coolin" cur)e2
.2 8i9 +o study the relation :etween fre6uency and len"th of a "i)en wire under constant tension usin"
sonometer2
8ii9 +o study the relation :etween the len"th of a "i)en wire and tension for constant fre6uency usin"
sonometer2
C2 +o find the s%eed of sound in air at room tem%erature usin" a resonance tu:e :y tworesonance
%ositions2
H2 +o determine s%ecific heat ca%acity of a "i)en solid li6uid :y method of mi0tures2
9c"i5i"ies
12 +o o:ser)e chan"e of state and %lot a coolin" cur)e for molten wa02
G2 +o o:ser)e and e0%lain the effect of heatin" on a :i/metallic stri%2
32 +o note the chan"e in le)el of li6uid in a container on heatin" and inter%ret the o:ser)ations2
D2 +o study the effect of deter"ent on surface tension :y o:ser)in" ca%illary rise2
*2 +o study the factors affectin" the rate of loss of heat of a li6uid2
#2 +o study the effect of load on de%ression of a suita:ly clam%ed metre scale loaded
8i9 at its end 8ii9 in the middle2
"ested manstration e0%eriments2
S#440ST0: *IST O; :0MO7ST19TIO7 0XP01IM07TS
C*9SS XI
12 +o demonstrate that a centri%etal force is necessary for mo)in" a :ody with a uniform s%eed
alon" a circle and that the ma"nitude of this force increases with increase in an"ular s%eed2
G2 +o demonstrate inter/con)ersion of %otential and kinetic ener"y
32 +o demonstrate conser)ation of linear momentum2
D2 +o demonstrate conser)ation of an"ular momentum2
*2 +o demonstrate the effect of an"le of launch on ran"e of a %ro;ectile2
#2 +o demonstrate that the moment of inertia of a rod chan"es with the chan"e of %osition of a %air
of e6ual wei"hts attached to the rod2
.2 +o study )ariation of )olume of a "as with its %ressure at constant tem%erature usin" a doctorsI
syrin"e2
C2 +o demonstrate 'ernoulliIs theorem with sim%le illustrations
H2 +o demonstrate that heat ca%acities of e6ual masses of different materials are different2
102 +o demonstrate free oscillations of different )i:ratin" systems2
112 +o demonstrate resonance with a set of cou%led %endulums2
1G2 +o demonstrate lon"itudinal and trans)erse wa)es2
132 +o demonstrate the %henomenon of :eats due to su%er%osition of wa)es %roduced :y two sources

## of sound of sli"htly different fre6uencies

1D2 +o demonstrate resonance usin" an o%en %i%e2
1*2 +o demonstrate the direction of tor6ue2
1#2+o demonstrate the law of moments2
Recommended Textbooks.
12 Physics Part/I +e0t:ook for <lass ,I Pu:lished :y 3<!&+
G 2 Physics Part/II +e0t:ook for <lass ,I Pu:lished :y 3<!&+

## XI Chemistry Syllabus for 2012

Total Periods : 180
One Paper Time: 3 Hours 70 marks
Unit No. Title Marks
Unit I Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 5
Unit II Structure of Atom 6
Unit III Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties 4
Unit IV Chemical Bonding and olecular Structure 5!
Unit V States of atter" #ases and \$i%uids 4
Unit VI &hermodynamics 6
Unit VII E%uili'rium 6
Unit VIII (edo) (eactions *
Unit I+ ,ydrogen *
Unit + s -Bloc. Elements 5
Unit +I Some p -Bloc. Elements 5
Unit +II /rganic Chemistry" Some 'asic Principles and &echni%ues 0
Unit +III ,ydrocar'ons 1
Unit +IV En2ironmental Chemistry *
Total 70
Unit I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry (erio!s 1"#
#eneral Introduction" Importance and scope of chemistry!
,istorical approach to particulate nature of matter3 la4s of chemical com'ination3 5alton6s atomic
theory" concept of elements3 atoms and molecules!
Atomic and molecular masses3 mole concept and molar mass3 percentage composition3 empirical
and molecular formula3 chemical reactions3 stoichiometry and calculations 'ased on stoichiometry!
Unit II: Structure of \$tom (erio!s 1%#
5isco2ery of Electron3 Proton and 7eutron3 atomic num'er3 isotopes and iso'ars! &hompson6s model
and its limitations! (utherford6s model and its limitations3 Bohr6s model and its limitations3 concept of
shells and su'shells3 dual nature of matter and light3 5e Broglie6s relationship3 ,eisen'erg uncertainty
principle3 concept of or'itals3 %uantum num'ers3 shape of s3p and d or'itals3 rules for filling electrons
in or'itals - Auf'au principle3 Pauli6s e)clusion principle and ,und6s rule3 electronic configuration of
atoms3 sta'ility of half filled and completely filled or'itals!
Unit III: Classification of &lements an! erio!icity in roperties (erio!s '#
Significance of classification3 'rief history of the de2elopment of periodic ta'le3 modern periodic
la4 and the present form of periodic ta'le3 periodic trends in properties of elements -atomic

## Unit I(: Chemical Bon!in) an! *olecular structure (erio!s 1%#

Valence electrons3 ionic 'ond3 co2alent 'ond9 'ond parameters3 \$e4is structure3 polar character of
co2alent 'ond3 co2alent character of ionic 'ond3 2alence 'ond theory3 resonance3 geometry of co2alent
molecules3 VSEP( theory3 concept of hy'ridi8ation3 in2ol2ing s3p and d or'itals and shapes of some
simple molecules3 molecular or'ital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules :%ualitati2e idea only;3
hydrogen 'ond!
Unit (: States of *atter: +ases an! ,i-ui!s (erio!s1"#
&hree states of matter3 intermolecular interactions3 types of 'onding3 melting and 'oiling points3
role of gas la4s in elucidating the concept of the molecule3 Boyle6s la43 Charles la43 #ay \$ussac6s
la43 A2ogadro6s la43 ideal 'eha2iour3 empirical deri2ation of gas e%uation3 A2ogadro6s num'er3
ideal gas e%uation! 5e2iation from ideal 'eha2iour!
\$i%uid State- 2apour pressure3 2iscosity and surface tension :%ualitati2e idea only;
Unit (I: Thermo!ynamics (erio!s 1%#
System and types of system3 surrounding3 4or.3 heat3 energy3 e)tensi2e and intensi2e properties3
state functions!
<irst la4 of thermodynamics -internal energy and enthalpy3 heat capacity and specific heat3
measurement of =U and =,3 ,ess6s la4 of constant heat summation3 enthalpies of 'ond
dissociation3 com'ustion3 formation atomi8ation3 su'limation3 phase transformation3 ioni8ation
and solution!
Introduction of entropy as a state function3 free energy change for spontaneous and non -
spontaneous process criteria for e%uili'rium!
Unit (II: &-uilibrium (erio! 1%#
E%uili'rium in physical and chemical processes3 dynamic nature of e%uili'rium3 la4 of mass
action3 e%uili'rium constant3 factors affecting e%uili'rium - \$e Chatelier6s principle3 ionic e%uili'rium
- ioni8ation of acids and 'ases3 strong and 4ea. electrolytes3 degree of ioni8ation3 concept of
p,3 hydrolysis of salts :elementary idea;3 'uffer solution3 solu'ility product3 common ion effect
:4ith illustrati2e e)amples;!
Unit (III: .e!o/ .eactions (erio! %#
Concept of o)idation and reduction3 redo) reactions3 o)idation num'er3 'alancing redo) reactions3 in
terms of loss and gain of electrons and change in o)idation num'er3 applications of redo) reactions
Unit IX: 0y!ro)en (erio! '#
Position of hydrogen in periodic ta'le3 occurrence3 isotopes3 preparation3 properties and uses of
hydrogen3 hydrides-ionic co2alent and interstitial9 physical and chemical properties of 4ater3 hea2y
4ater3 hydrogen pero)ide -preparation3 reactions and structure and use9 hydrogen as a fuel!
Unit X: s 1Bloc2 &lements (\$l2ali an! \$l2aline &arth *etals# (erio!s 12#
+roup 1 an! +roup 2 &lements
#eneral introduction3 electronic configuration3 occurrence3 anomalous properties of the first element of
each group3 diagonal relationship3 trends in the 2ariation of properties :such as ioni8ation enthalpy3
atomic and ionic radii;3 trends in chemical reacti2ity 4ith o)ygen3 4ater3 hydrogen and halogens3 uses!
reparation an! roperties of Some Important Compoun!s:
Sodium car'onate3 sodium chloride3 sodium hydro)ide and Sodium hydrogen car'onate3

## 'iological importance of sodium and potassium!

Calcium o)ide and Calcium car'onate and industrial uses of lime and limestone3 'iological
importance of agnesium and Calcium!
Unit XI: Some p 1Bloc2 &lements (erio!s 1"#
+eneral Intro!uction to p 1Bloc2 &lements
#roup >* Elements" #eneral introduction3 electronic configuration3 occurrence3 2ariation of properties3
o)idation states3 trends in chemical reacti2ity3 anomalous properties of first element of the group3
Boron - physical and chemical properties3 some important compounds3 'ora)3 'oric acid3 'oron
hydrides3 Aluminium" (eactions 4ith acids and al.alies3 uses!
#roup >4 Elements" #eneral introduction3 electronic configuration3 occurrence3 2ariation of properties3
o)idation states3 trends in chemical reacti2ity3 anomalous 'eha2iour of first elements Car'on
-catenation3 allotropic forms3 physical and chemical properties9 uses of some important compounds"
o)ides!
Important compounds of silicon and a fe4 uses" silicon tetrachloride3 silicones3 silicates and ?eolites3
their uses!
Unit XII: 3r)anic Chemistry 1Some Basic rinciples an! Techni-ue(erio!s 1"#
#eneral introduction3 methods of %ualitati2e and %uantitati2e analysis3 classification and IUPAC
nomenclature of organic compounds!
Electronic displacements in a co2alent 'ond" inducti2e effect3 electromeric effect3 resonance and
hypercon@ugation!
,omolytic and heterolytic fission of a co2alent 'ond" free radicals3 car'ocations3 car'anions3
electrophiles and nucleophiles!
Unit XIII: 0y!rocarbons (erio!s 1%#
Classification of 0y!rocarbons
\$liphatic 0y!rocarbons:
Al.anes- 7omenclature3 isomerism3 conformation :ethane only;3 physical properties3 chemical
reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation3 com'ustion and pyrolysis!
Al.enes - 7omenclature3 structure of dou'le 'ond :ethene;3 geometrical isomerism3 physical
properties3 methods of preparation3 chemical reactions" addition of hydrogen3 halogen3 4ater3 hydrogen
halides :ar.oni.o26s addition and pero)ide effect;3 o8onolysis3 o)idation3 mechanism of electrophilic
Al.ynes - 7omenclature3 structure of triple 'ond :ethyne;3 physical properties3 methods of preparation3
chemical reactions" acidic character of al.ynes3 addition reaction of A hydrogen3 halogens3 hydrogen
halides and 4ater!
Aromatic ,ydrocar'ons" Introduction3 IUPAC nomenclature3 'en8ene" resonance3 aromaticity3
chemical properties" mechanism of electrophilic su'stitution! nitration sulphonation3 halogenation3
<riedel Craft6s al.ylation and acylation3 directi2e influence of functional group in monosu'stituted
'en8ene! Carcinogenicity and to)icity!

## Unit XI(: &n4ironmental Chemistry (erio!s '#

En2ironmental pollution - air3 4ater and soil pollution3 chemical reactions in atmosphere3 smog3 ma@or
atmospheric pollutants3 acid rain3 o8one and its reactions3 effects of depletion of o8one layer3
greenhouse effect and glo'al 4arming- pollution due to industrial 4astes3 green chemistry as an
alternati2e tool for reducing pollution3 strategies for control of en2ironment pollution!
racticals
&4aluation Scheme for &/amination *ar2s
Volumetric Analysis >B
Salt Analysis 6
Content Based E)periment 4
Class (ecord and Vi2a 5
In2estigatory pro@ect 5
Total 50
.\$CTIC\$,S S6,,\$BUS Total Periods 60
\$7 Basic ,aboratory Techni-ues (erio!s 2#
> Cutting glass tu'e and glass rod
C Bending a glass tu'e
* 5ra4ing out a glass @et
4 Boring a cor.
B7 Characteri8ation an! urification of Chemical Substances (erio!s %#
Crystalli8ation of an impure sample of any one of the follo4ing" alum3 copper sulphate3
'en8oic acid!
C7 &/periments base! on p0 (erio!s %#
\$ny one of the follo9in) e/periments:
D 5etermination of p, of some solutions o'tained from fruit @uices3 2aried concentrations of
acids3 'ases and salts using p, paper or uni2ersal indicator!
D Comparing the p, of solutions of strong and 4ea. acids of same concentration!
:7 Chemical &-uilibrium (erio!s "#
3ne of the follo9in) e/periments:
:a; Study the shift in e%uili'rium 'et4een ferric ions and thiocyanate ions 'y increasingE
decreasing the concentration of either ions!
:'; Study the shift in e%uili'rium 'et4een FCo:,C/;6GCH and chloride ions 'y changing the
concentration of either of the ions!
&7 Thermochemistry (erio!s "#
\$ny one of the follo9in) e/periments
i; Enthalpy of dissolutions of copper sulpahte or potassium nitrate!
ii; Enthalpy of neutrali8ation of strong acid :,C>; and strong 'ase :7a/,;
iii; 5etermination of enthalpy change during interaction :hydrogen 'ond formation; 'et4een
acetone and chloroforms!

## ;7 <uantitati4e estimation (erio!s 1%#

I Using a chemical 'alance!
I Preparation of standard solution of o)alic acid!
I 5etermination of strength of a gi2en solution of sodium hydro)ide 'y titrating it against
standard solution of o)alic acid!
I Preparation of standard solution of sodium car'onate!
I 5etermination of strength of a gi2en solution of hydrochloric acid 'y titrating it against
standard sodium car'onate solution!
+7 <ualitati4e \$nalysis (erio!s 1%#
5etermination of one anion and one cation in a gi2en salt
(=ote: Insoluble salts e/clu!e!#
07 &/tra &lements 1nitro)en> sulphur> chlorine> bromine an! io!ine (erio!s 10#
in an or)anic compoun!7
.3?&CT
Scientific in2estigations in2ol2ing la'oratory testing and collecting information from other sources!
A <e4 suggested Pro@ects
I Chec.ing the 'acterial contamination in drin.ing 4ater 'y testing sulphide ion!
I Study of the methods of purification of 4ater!
I &esting the hardness3 presence of iron3 fluoride3 chloride etc! 5epending upon the regional
2ariation in drin.ing 4ater and study of causes of presences of these ions a'o2e permissi'le
limit :if any;!
I In2estigation of the foaming capacity of different 4ashing soaps and the effect of addition
of sodium car'onate on it!
I Study the acidity of different samples of tea lea2es!
I 5etermination of the rate of e2aporation of different li%uids!
I Study the effect of acids and 'ases on the tensile strength of fi'ers!
I Study of acidity of fruit and 2egeta'le @uices!
=ote: Any other in2estigatory pro@ect3 4hich in2ol2es a'out >B periods of 4or.3 can 'e chosen
4ith the appro2al of the teacher!
.ecommen!e! Te/tboo2s7
>! Chemistry Part -I3 Pu'lished 'y 7CE(&3 CBB6
C! Chemistry Part -II3 Pu'lished 'y 7CE(&3 CBB6

SAMPLE PAPER
CLASS XI
CHEMISTRY
Time: 3 Hours Maximum Marks: 70
General Instructions:
(3) All questions are compulsory.
(4) Marks of each question are indicated against it.
(5) Question nos. 1 to are !ery short ans"er questions and carry 1 mark each.
(#) Question nos. \$ to 1 are short ans"er questions and carry % marks each.
(&) Question nos. 1\$ to %& also short ans"er questions and carry 3 marks each.
() Question nos. % to 3' are long ans"er question and carry 5 marks each.
(\$) (se log ta)les if necessary* use of calculators is not allo"ed.

Q1 +o" are '.5' mol ,a
%
-.
3
and '.5' M ,a
%
-.
3
different/
Q% +o" many su)shells are present in M shell/
Q3 0hich property of element is used to classify them in long form of periodic ta)le/
Q4 0rite resonance structure of .1one or sulphurdio2ide.
Q5 0rite con3ugate )ase for "ater and ,+
4
4 species.
Q# 0hat do you understand )y +ydrogen economy/
Q& 5ind out o2idation num)er of chromium in 6
%
-r
%
.
&
molecule
Q 7ndicate sigma and pie )onds in -+
%
8-8-+
%
. 1 9 8 Marks
Q\$ -alculate num)er of photons "ith a "a!elength of 3'''pm that pro!ides 1 :oule of
energy. % Marks
Q1' ;2plain "hy )ond angle in ,+
3
is more than in +
%
. molecule though )oth ha!e sp3
hy)ridi1ation. % Marks
Q11 At constant temperature if the pressure of a fi2ed mass of gas is dou)led "hat happens
to its !olume / 0hich la" go!erns this )eha!ior of gases/ % Marks
Q1% +o" many grams of o2ygen is required for complete com)ustion of %\$g of )utane as per
the equation -
4
+
1'
4 4.5.
%
8%-.
%
45+
%
. % Marks

Q13 -alculate )ond order of o2ygen molecule. <ist all the information pro!ided )y the )ond
a)out this molecule. % Marks
Q14 -alculate the total pressure in a mi2ture of 1# g of o2ygen and 4g of +ydrogen confined
in a !essel of 1dm=
3
at %& degree celsius. (Molar mass of o2ygen 3% +ydrogen % >8
'.'3)ar dm
3
6=1mol=1) % Marks
Q15 ?alance follo"ing equation in acidic medium sho"ing all steps*
?r
%
4 +
%
.
%
= ?r.
%
4 +
%
. % Marks
Q1#+o" are silicones prepared/ 0rite necessary reaction. 0rite t"o uses of silicones.
% marks
Q 1& 0hat is demineralised "ater/ +o" is it o)tained/ % Marks
Q1 0hat is the reason of diagonal relationship of elements/ 0rite t"o properties of any t"o
diagonally related elements.
Or
@i!e reasons
(1) "hy alkali metals "hen dissol!ed in <iquid ammonia gi!e )lue solution/
(%)?eryllium and Magnesium do not impart colour to the flame "hile other mem)ers do.
Q1\$ (1) Atate +eisen)erg s (ncertainty principle.
(%) 0rite electronic configuration of -u metal (B8%\$) and -r
34
ion.
(3)0hich or)ital is represented )y n84 and l83/ 3 Marks
Q%' ;2plain "hy
(1) +alogens act as good o2idi1ing reagent.
(%);lectron gain enthalpy of inert gases is 1ero.
(3)7oni1ation enthalpy of Mg is higher than that of ,a. 3 Marks
Q%1 (1) 0hat do you mean )y ?ond ;nthalpy/
(%) -alculate )ond enthalpy of -l===-l )ond from follo"ing data.
-+
4
(g) 4 -l
%
(g)==-+
3
-l(g) 4+-l (g) C+=8 ==1'\$.3k: mol=1
?ond enthalpy of -D+ ?ond 8 413k:* -D-l ?ond 83%# k: and +D-l ?ond 8431k: mol =1
3 Marks
Q%% (1) 0hat are e2tensi!e properties/
(%) 0rite @i))s free energy equation gi!ing meaning of each term used.
(3) (nder "hat condition C (8 C+ / 3 Marks

## Q%30rite chemical equation only for preparation of

(1) Elaster of Earis
(%) Quick lime
(3) slaked lime. 3 Marks
Q%4 (1) 0hat do you mean )y functional isomerism/
(%) 0hat are electrophiles/
(3) 0hat is inducti!e effect / @i!e an e2ample. 3 Marks
Or
(1) 0rite 7(EA- names for -
#
+
5
-+
%
-+. and (-+
3
)%D-+(,+
%
)D-+
3
(%) 0rite an e2ample of geometrical isomerism.
(3) 0hat do you mean )y electromeric effect/ 3 Marks
Q%5(1) Fra" eclipsed and staggered conformations of ethane.
(%)0rite one equation each to sho" 0urt1 reaction and 5riedal craft alkylation. 3 Marks
Q%# (1) +o" nitrogen is detected in an organic compound./0rire necessary reactions.
(%) +o" a molecular formula is different from empirical formula/ 3 Marks
Q%& (1) 0hat do you mean )y green chemistry/
(%) ;2plain terms ?.F and -.F "ith reference to en!ironmental chemistry. 3 Marks
Q% (1) 5or the reaction ,
%(
g) 4 3+
%
(g)G%,+
3
(g) the !alue of 6p is 3.# 21'
%
=4 %=% at 5'' 6.
-alculate the !alue of 6c for the reaction at the same temperature. >8'.'3 )ar < 6=1 mol=1.
(%) 0hat do you understand )y (1) -ommon ion effect (%) ?uffer solution.
34% Marks
Or
(1) 5or the reaction E-l
5
GE-l
3
4-l
%
at 4&36 the !alue of equili)rium constant 6c is .3
21'
=3
(1) 0rite an e2pression for 6c (%)0hat is the !alue of 6c for re!erse reaction at same
temperature.(3) 0hat "ould )e effect on 6c if pressure is increased.
(%) Atate +enryHs <a". 0rite p+ !alue of 121'=5 M +-l solution. 34% Marks
Q%\$ @i!e reasons for
(1)IAi5
#
%
J= is kno"n "hereas IAi-l
#
J=
%
is not kno"n.
(%) Fiamond is a co!alent solid* yet it has highest Melting Eoint.
(3) ?oric acid is considered a "eak )ase.
(4) ?53 )eha!es as <e!is acid.

(5) -.
%
is a gas "hile Ai.
%
is a solid at room temperature.
Or
(1) 0hat are fullerenes/=
(%) 0hy is )oric acid mono)asic/
(3)0hat is inert pair effect/
(4)0hy is E)-l
%
is a good o2idi1ing reagent/
(5)0rite the formula of inorganic )en1ene.
Q3' (1) Atate Marko!nicoffHs rule. (sing this "rite the reaction of propene "ith +-l.
(%) -arry out follo"ing con!ersions
(1) ;thyl alcohol to ethane.
(%) Aodium acetanilide to )en1ene.
(3) ?en1ene to nitro)en1ene. %43 Marks
Or
(1')0rite t"o reactions to sho" acidic nature of ethyne
(11)-omplete the follo"ing reactions=
o1oneKBnK+
%
.
(1%)-+
3
D-+8-+
%=============

aquous 6Mn.
4
(13)-+
3
D-+8-+
%
======================
(14)-+8-+ 4 ?r
%
"ater============
Marking S!eme
SESSIO" E"#I"\$ EXAMI"ATIO"
CLASS XI
CHEMISTRY
%& -orrect meaning L 41K%
%' M"o one s and one p L 41K%
%3 Atomic ,um)er
%( -orrect structure 1 mark
%) -orrect ans"er L 41K%

## %* correct ans"er 1mark

%7 4# 1mark
%+ Aigma # pie % 1mark
%, ;8hN L
8 #.#%# 21'=
34
23'''21'
=1'
81\$.&2 1'=
41
: 1mark
1K1\$.&21'=
41
8 5.'32 1'=
3\$
photons L mark
%&0 -orrect e2planation "ith correct structure 141 mark
%&& Fecreases to half* ?oyleHs <a" 141 mark
%&' -orrect formula L mark
-orrect !alues and calculation 1mark
Ans. %.'# molK 6g L mark
%&3 correct formula L mark
-orrect !alues and calculation 1mark
-orrect ans"er "ith units L mark
%&( correct )ond order 1mark 4 correct information 1mark
%&) correct steps 421K% 8%
%&* correct method 4correct uses 141 mark
%&7 correct reasons 141 or correct reason 1mark4 t"o properties 1mark
% &+ correct definition 4 .ne correct method 141 mark
%&, (1) correct definition 1mark
(%) -orrect configuration L 41K%
(3) 4f 1mark
%'0 correct ans"er 1mark each
%'& correct definition 1mark
O ?ond enthalpy of reactants = O ?ond enthalpy of Eroducts L mark
-orrect !alue and calculation 1 mark
Ans"er %34.& k: L mark

## %'' -orrect ans"er 1mark each

%'3 -orrect method "ith equation 1mark each
%'( -orrect Ans"er of each part 1mark each
%') -orrect Ans"er of each part 1mark each
%'* -orrect method "ith equation %mark
-orrect relation 1mark
%'7 correct ans"er of each part 1mark each
%'+ (1) -orrect relation L mark* C n8=% L mark
-orrect !alue and calculation 1 mark * ans"er L mark
(%) -orrect meaning 1mark each
.r (1) -orrect ans"er of each part 1mark each
(%) -orrect statement 1mark* p+85 1mark
%', -orrect ans"er of each part 1mark each.
%30 (1) -orrect rule 1 mark * correct reaction 1mark
(%) -orrect ans"er of each part 1mark each
.r
(1) t"o correct reaction % mark
(%) -orrect ans"er of each part 1mark each.

109
9. BIOLOGY (Code No. 044)
The present syllabus reinforces the ideas introduced till the secondary classes. It provides the
students with new concepts along with an extended exposure to contemporary areas of the subject.
The syllabus also aims at emphasizing on the underlying principles that are common to both animals
and plants as well as highlighting the relationship of biology with other areas of knowledge. The format
of the syllabus allows a simple, clear, sequential flow of concepts without any jarring jumps. The
syllabus also stresses on making connections better among biological concepts. It relates the study of
biology to real life through the use of techonology. It links the discoveries and innovations in biology to
everyday life, such as environment, industry, health and agriculture. The updated syllabus also focuses
on reducing the curriculum load while ensuring that ample opportunities and scope for learning and
appreciating basic concepts of the subject continue to be available within its framework.
The prescribed syllabus is expected to
promote understanding of basic principles of Biology
encourage learning of emerging knowledge and its relevance to individual and society
promote rational/specific attitude to issues related to population, environment and
development
enhance awareness about environmental issues and problems and the appropriate solutions
create awareness amongst the learners about variations amongst the living, and developing
respect for the diversity and to appreciate that the most complex biological phenomena
are also built on essentially simple processes.
It is expected that the students would get an exposure to various branches of Biology in the
syllabus in a more contextual and friendly manner as they study its various units.
COURSE STRUCTURE
CLASS XI (Theory)
One Paper Time : 3 Hours Max. Marks : 70 Marks
Unit Title Marks
1. Diversity of Living Organisms 07
2. Structural Organisation in plants and animals 12
3. Cell: Structure and Function 15
4. Plant Physiology 18
5. Human Physiology 18
Total 70

110
Unit I: Diversity of Living Organism (25 Periods)
What is living? Biodiversity;Need for classification; Three domain of life; Taxonomy &
Systematics; Concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; Binomial nomenclature; Tools
for study of Taxonomy-Museums, Zoos, Herbaria, Botanical gardens.
Five kingdom classification; Salient features and classification of Monera; Protista and
Fungi into major groups; Lichens; Viruses and Viroids.
Salient features and classification of plants into major groups-Algae, Bryophytes,
Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (three to five salient and distinguising
features and at least two examples of each category); Angiosperms - classification up to
class, characteristic features and examples.
Salient features and classification of animals-non chordate up to phyla level and chordate
up to classes level (three to five salient features and atleast two examples).
Unit II: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants (25 Periods)
Morphology and modifications; Tissues; Anatomy and functions of different parts of
flowering plants: Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence-cymose and racemose, flower, fruit and
seed (To be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus).
Animal tissues; Morphology, anatomy and functions of different system (digestive,
circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). (a brief account
only)
Unit III: Cell Structure and Function (40 Periods)
Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life; Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell;
Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles - structure
and function; Endomembrane system-endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes,
vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; Cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella,
centrioles (ultra structure and function); Nucleus-nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleous.
Chemical constituents of living cells: Biomolecules-structure and function of proteins,
carbodydrates, lipid, nucleic acids, Enzymes-types, properties, enzymes action.
Cell division : Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance.
Unit IV: Plant Physiology (45 Periods)
Transport in plants; Movement of water, gases and nutrients; Cell to cell transport-Diffusion,
facilitated diffusion, active transport; Plant-water relations-Imbibition, water potential,
osmosis, plasmolysis; Long distance transport of water-Absorption, apoplast, symplast,
transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; Transpiration-Opening and closing of stomata;
Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-Transport of food, phloem transport, Mass
flow hypothesis; Diffusion of gases (brief mention).
Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; Deficiency
symptoms; Mineral toxicity; elementary idea of Hydroponics as a method to study mineral
nutrition; Nitrogen metabolism-Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation.

111
Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of Autotrophic nutrition; Where does
photosynthesis take place, How many pigments are involved in Photosynthesis (Elementary
idea); Photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; Cyclic and non cyclic
photophosphorylation; Chemiosmotic hypothesis; Photorespiration; C3 and C4 pathways;
factors affecting photosynthesis.
Respiration: Exchange of gases; Cellular respiration - glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic),
TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); Energy relations-Number of ATP
molecules generated; Amphibolic pathways; Respiratroy quotient.
Plant growth and development: Seed germination; Phases of plant growth and plant growth
rate; Conditions of growth; Differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; sequence
of developmental process in a plant cell; Growth regulators-auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin,
ethylene, ABA; Seed dormancy; Vernalisation: Photoperiodism.
Unit V: Human Physiology (45 Periods)
Digestion and absorption: Alimentary canal and digestive glands, Role of digestive enzymes
and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins,
carbohydrates and fats; Calorific value of proteins, carbohydrates and fat (for box item
not to be evaluated); Egeston; Nutritional and digestive disorders-PEM, indigestion,
constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhea.
Breathing and Respiration: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system
in humans; Mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-Exchange of gases,
transport of gases and regulation of respiration, Respiratory volume. Disorders related to
respiration-Asthma, Emphysema, Occupatonal respiratory disorders.
Body fluids and circulation: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood;
Composition of lymph and its function; Human circulatory system-Structure of human
heart and blood vessels; Cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG; Double circulation;
Regulation of cardiac activity; Disorders of circulatory system-Hypertension, Coronary
artery disease, Angina pectoris, Heart failure.
Excretory products and their elimination: Modes of excretion - Ammonotelism, ureotelism,
uricotelism; Human excretory system-structure and fuction; Urine formation,
Osmoregulation; Regulation of kidney function-Renin-angiotensin, A trial Natriuretic Factor,
ADH and Diabetes insipidus; Role of other organs in excretion; Disorders-Uraemia, Renal
failure, Renal calculi, Nephritis; Dialysis and artificial kidney.
Locomotion and Movement: Types of movement - ciliary, flagellar, muscular; Skeletal
muscle-contractile proteins and muscle contraction; Skeletal system and its functions (To
be dealt with the relevant practical of Practical syllabus); Joints; Disorders of muscular
and skeletal system - Myasthenia gravis, Tetany, Muscular dystrophy, Arthritis,
Osteoporosis, Gout.
Neural control and coordination: Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans-central
nervous system & peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; Generation
and conduction of nerve impulse; Reflex action; Sensory perception; Sense organs;
Elementary structure and function of eye and ear.

112
Chemical coordination and regulation: Endocrine glands and hormones; Human endocrine
Mechanism of hormone action (Elementary Idea); Role of hormones as messengers and
regulators, Hypo-and hyperactivity and related disorders (Common disorders e.g.
Dwarfism, Acromegaly, Cretinism, goiter, exphthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addision's disease).
Imp: Diseases releated to all the human physiology systems to be taught in brief.
Practicals
60 Periods
A. List of Experiments
1. Study and describe three locally available common flowering plants from each of the
following families (Solanaceae, Fabacceae and Liliaceae) including dissection and display
of floral whorls and anther and ovary to show number of chambers. Types of root (Tap and
Adventitious); Stem (Herbaceous and woody); Leaf (arrangement, shape, venation, simple
and compound).
2. Preparation and study of T.S. of dicot and monocot roots and stems (primary).
3. Study of osmosis by potato osmometer.
4. Study of plasmolysis in epidermal peels (e.g. Rhoeo leaves)
5. Study of distribution of stomata in the upper and lower surface of leaves.
6. Comparative study of the rates of transpiration in the upper and lower surface of leaves.
7. Test for the presence of sugar, starch, proteins and fats. To detect them in suitable plant
and animal materials.
8. Separation of plant pigments through paper chromatography.
9. To study the rate of respiration in flower buds/leaf tissue and germinating seeds.
10. To test the presence of urea in urine.
11. To detect the presence of sugar in urine/blood sample.
12. To detect the presence of albumin in urine.
13. To detect the presence of bile salts in urine.
B. Study/observation of the following (spotting)
1. Study parts of a compound microscope.
2. Study of the specimens and identification with reasons-Bacteria, Oscillatoria, Spirogyra,
Rhizopus, mushroom, yeast, liverwort, moss, fern, pine, one monocotyledonous plant and
one dicotyledonous plant and one lichen.
3. Study of specimens and identification with reasons-Amoeba, Hydra, Liverfluke, Ascaris,
leech, earthworm, prawn, silkworm, honeybee, snail, starfish, shark, rohu, frog, lizard,

113
pigeon and rabbit.
4. Study of tissues and diversity in shapes and sizes of plant and animal cells (e.g. palisade
cells, guard cells, parenchyma, collenchyma, sclerenchyma, xylem, phloem, squamous
epithelium, muscle fibers and mammalian blood smear) through temporary/permanent slides.
5. Study of mitosis in onion root tips cells and animals cells (grasshopper) from permanent
slides.
6. Study of different modifications in root, stem and leaves.
7. Study and identification of different types of inflorescence.
8. Study of imbibition in seeds/raisins.
9. Observation and comments of the experimental set up for showing:
a. Anaerobic respiration
b. Phototropism
c. Apical bud removal
d. Suction due to transpiration
10. Study of human skeleton and different types of joints.
11. Study of external morphology of cockroach through models.
CLASS XII
(THEORY)
(180 Periods)
1. Reproduction
Reproduction in organisms: Reproduction, a characteristic feature of all organisms for
continuation of species; Modes of reproduction-A sexual and sexual reproduction; Modes-
Binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation; vegetative propagation in
plants.
Sexual reproduction in flowering plant: Flower structure; Development of male and female
gametophytes; Pollination-types, agencies and examples; Outbreedings devices; Pollen-
Pistil interaction; Double fertilization; Post fertilization events-Development of endosperm
and embryo, Development of seed and formation of fruit; Special modes-apomixis,
parthenocarpy, polyembryony; Significance of seed and fruit formation.
Human Reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; Microscopic anatomy of
testis and ovary; Gametogenesis-spermatogenesis & oogenesis; Menstrual cycle;
Fertilisation embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation; Pregnancy and
placenta formation (Elementary idea); Parturition (Elementary idea); Lactation (Elementary
idea).

153
14. COMPUTER SCIENCE (Code 083)
Learning Objectives:
1. To develop logic for Problem Solving
2. To understand the concept of Object Oriented Methodology
3. To implement Object Oriented Programming using C++
4. To understand the concept of working with Relational Database
5. To understand the basic concept of Computing Logic
6. To understand the basic concepts of Communication and Networking technologies
7. To understand Open Source Software
Competencies:
The student will develop the following proficiency:
1. Identifying Computer Components / Subsystems / Peripherals
2. Problem Solving using Object Oriented Programming
3. Database Handling
UNIT 1: COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS
Evolution of computers; Basics of computer and its operation: Functional Components and their inter-
connections, concept of Booting.
Software Concepts:
Types of Software - System Software, Utility Software and Application Software;
System Software: Operating System, Compiler, Interpreter and Assembler;
Operating System: Need for operating system, Functions of Operating System (Processor Management,
Memory Management, File Management and Device Management), Types of operating system -
Class XI (Theory)
Duration: 3 hours Total Marks: 70
Unit No. Unit Name Periods Marks
Th Pr Tot Th Pr Total
1. COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS 10 5 15 10 2 12
2. INTRODUCTION TO C++ 10 10 20 10 2 12
3. PROGRAMMING METHODOLOGY 20 20 40 14 8 22
4. PROGRAMMING IN C++ 60 35 95 36 18 44
110 70 180 70 30 100

154
Interactive (GUI based), Real Time and Distributed; Commonly used operating systems: UNIX, LINUX,
Windows, Solaris, BOSS (Bharat Operating System Solutions); Mobile OS - Android, Symbian.
Illustration and practice of the following tasks using any one of the above Operating Systems:
Opening/Closing Windows
Creating/Moving/Deleting Files/Folders
Renaming Files/Folders
Utility Software: Anti Virus, File Management tools, Compression tools and Disk Management tools
(Disk Cleanup, Disk Defragmenter, Backup)
Application software: Office Tools - Word Processor, Presentation Tool, Spreadsheet Package,
Database Management System; Domain specific tools - School Management System, Inventory
Management System, Payroll System, Financial Accounting, Hotel Management, Reservation System
and Weather Forecasting System
Number System: Binary, Octal, Decimal, Hexadecimal and conversion between two different number
systems
Internal Storage encoding of Characters: ASCII, ISCII (Indian scripts Standard Code for
Information Interchange), and UNICODE (for multilingual computing)
Microprocessor: Basic concepts, Clock speed (MHz, GHz), 16 bit, 32 bit, 64 bit processors;
Types - CISC, RISC
Memory Concepts:
Units: Byte, Kilo Byte, Mega Byte, Giga Byte, Tera Byte, Peta Byte
Primary Memory: Cache, RAM, ROM
Secondary Memory: Fixed and Removable Storage - Hard Disk Drive, CD/DVD Drive, Pen Drive,
Blue Ray Disk
Input Output Ports/Connections: Serial, Parallel and Universal Serial Bus, PS-2 port, Infrared
port, Bluetooth, Firewire.
Note : Exploring inside computer system in the computer lab class.
UNIT 2: INTRODUCTION TO C++
Getting Started :
C++ character set, C++ Tokens (Identifiers, Keywords, Constants, Operators), Structure of a C++
Program (include files, main function), Header files - iostream.h, iomanip.h, cout, cin; Use of I/O
operators (<< and >>), Use of endland setw (), Cascading of I/O operators, Error Messages; Use of
editor, basic commands of editor, compilation, linking and execution.
Data Types, Variables and Constants:
Concept of Data types; Built-in Data types: char, int, float and double; Constants: Integer Constants,
Character constants - \n, \t, \b), Floating Point Constants, String Constants; Access modifier: const;
Variables of built-in data types, Declaration/Initialisation of variables, Assignment statement; Type

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modifier: signed, unsigned, long
Operator and Expressions :
Operators: Arithmetic operators (-,+,*,/,%), Unary operator (-), Increment (++) and Decrement (--)
Operators, Relation operator (>,>=,<,<=,= =,!=), Logical operators (!, &&,||), Conditional operator:
<condition>? <if true>:<else>; Precedence of Operators; Automatic type conversion in expressions,
Type casting; C++ shorthands (+=, -=, *=, /=, %=)
UNIT 3: PROGRAMMING METHODOLOGY
General Concepts; Modular approach; Clarity and Simplicity of Expressions, Use of proper Names
for identifiers, Comments, Indentation; Documentation and Program Maintenance; Running and
Debugging programs, Syntax Errors, Run-Time Errors, Logical Errors
Problem Solving Methodologies: Understanding of the problem, Identifying minimum number of
inputs required for output, Writing code to optimizing execution time and memory storage, step by step
solution for the problem, breaking down solution into simple steps, Identification of arithmetic and
logical operations required for solution, Control Structure: Conditional control and looping (finite and
infinite)
UNIT 4: PROGRAMMING IN C++
Flow of control:
Conditional statements: if-else, Nested if, switch..case..default, Nested switch..case, break statement
(to be used in switch..case only); Loops: while, do - while , for and Nested loops
Inbuilt Functions
File
Standard input/output functions stdio.h gets (), puts ()
Character Functions ctype.h isalnum (), isalpha (),
isdigit (), islower (),
isupper (), tolower (),
toupper ()
String Functions string.h strcpy (), strcat (),
strlen (), strcmp (),
strcmpi (), strrev (),
strlen (), strupr (),
strlwr ()
Mathematical Functions math.h fabs (), pow (), sgrt (),
sin (), cos (), abs ()
Other Functions stdlib.h randomize (), random (),
itoa (), atoi ()

156
User Defined Functions:
Defining a function; function prototype, Invoking/calling a function, passing arguments to function,
specifying argument data types, default argument, constant argument, call by value, call by reference,
returning values from a function, calling functions with arrays, scope rules of functions and variables
local and global variables.
Relating the Parameters and return type concepts in built-in functions.
Structured Data Type:
Arrays: Introductory to Array and its advantages.
One Dimensional Array : Declaration/initialisation of One-dimensional array, Inputting array elements,
Accessing array elements, Manipulation of Array elements (sum of elements, product of elements,
average of elements, linear search, finding maximum/minimum value)
Declaration/Initialization of a String, string manipulations (counting vowels/ consonants/digits/special
characters, case conversion, reversing a string, reversing each word of a string)
Two-dimensional Array
Declaration/initialisation of a two-dimensional array, inputting array elements Accessing array elements,
Manipulation of Array elements (sum of row element, column elements, diagonal elements, finding
maximum/minimum values)
User-defined Data Types:
User defined data type
Structure
Defining a Structure (Keyword Structure), Declaring structure variables, Accessing structure elements,
Passing structure to Functions as value and reference argument/parameter, Function returning structure,
Array of structures, passing an array of structure as an argument/ a parameter to a function
Defining a symbole name using typedef keyword and defining a macro using #define directive.

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Class XI (Practical)
Duration: 3 hours Total Marks: 30
1. Programming in C++ 10
One programming problem in C++ to be developed and tested in Computer during the
examination. Marks are allotted on the basis of following:
Logic : 5 Marks
Documentation/Indentation : 2 Marks
Output presentation : 3 Marks
2 Project Work 8
Problems related to String, Number and Array manipulation
General Guidelines: Initial Requirement, developing an interface for user (it is advised to use text
based interface screen), developing logic for playing the game and developing logic for scoring
points
1. Memory Game: A number guessing game with application of 2 dimensional arrays
containing randomly generated numbers in pairs hidden inside boxes.
2. Cross 'N Knots Game: A regular tic-tac-toe game
3. Hollywood/Hangman: A word Guessing game
4. Cows 'N Bulls: A word/number Guessing game
or
Similar projects may be undertaken in other domains
(As mentioned in general guidelines for project, given at the end of the curriculum in a group of
2-4 students)
3 Practical File 05
(a) Record of the configuration of computer system used by the student in the computer lab
(by exploring inside computer system in the first 2 lab classes).
(b) Must have minimum 15 programs from the topics covered in class XI course.
5 Programs on Control structures
4 Programs on Array manipulations
4 Programs on String Manipulations
2 Programs on structure manipulations
4 Viva Voce 05
Viva will be asked from the syllabus covered in class XI and the project developed by the
student(s).

112
Sample Paper Class I
Subject Computer Science

Time: 3Hours
Maximum Marks: 70
Note. (i) All questions are compulsory.

1 a) What are the different functions of operating system? 2
b) How the information can be used as a data explain ? 2
c)What do you mean by unary operators 2
d) What are the different parts of CPU? Explain every part in brief. 2
e) Define System Software and what are its two main types? Give examples.2
f) What is Booting? 1
g) Which of the following are hardware and software? 1
(i) Capacitor (ii) Internet Explorer (iii) Hard disk (iv) UNIX
2. Explain the following term: (Give answer any six) 6

i) Variable
ii) Token
iii) Array
iv) Debugging
v) Comment
vi) Keyword
3 a) What is the difference b/w while & do while loop? 2
b) What are data types? What are all predefined data types in c++? 2
c) What will be the size of following constants? 1
\v,\v,
d) Write the corresponding C++ expressions for the following mathematical expressions:
1
i) (a
2
+b
2
) (ii) (a+b)/(p+q)
2

e) Evaluate the following, where p, q are integers and r, f are floating point numbers.
The value of p=8, q=4 and r=2.5
(i) f = p * q + p/q
(ii) r = p+q + p % q 2

4 a) What is the output of the following? 2
i) # include<iostream.h>
void main ( )
{
int i=0;

cout<<i++<< <<i++<< <<i++<<endl;
cout<<++i<< <<++i<< <<++i<<endl
}
ii) # include<iostream.h>
void main( )
{
a=3;
a=a+1;
if (a>5)
cout<<a;
else
cout<<(a+5);
Sample Papers for Computer Science for Class 11
Sample Paper for Computer Science for Class 11

113
} 2
iii) What will be the output of the following program segment? 3
If input is as: (a) g (b) b (c) e (d) p

cin >>ch;
switch (ch)
{ case g: cout<<Good;
break;
case e: cout<< excellent ;
break;
default: cout<< wrong choice;
}
iv) Determine the output:
2
for(i=20;i<=100;i+=10)
{
j=i/2;
cout<<j<<;
}
v) What output will be the following code fragment produce?
void main( )
{
int val, res, n=1000;
cin>>val;
res = n+val >1750 ? 400:200;
cout<<res;
}
(i) if val=2000 (ii) if val=1000 (iii) if val=500 3

5 a) Find the error from the following code segment and rewrite the corrected code underlining the correction

# include(iostream.h)
void main ( )
int X,Y;
cin>>>X;
for(Y=0,Y<10, Y++)
if X= =Y
cout<<Y+X;
else
cout>>Y; }
b) Convert the following code segment into switch case construct. 3

int ch;
cin>>ch;
If(ch = = 1)
{ cout<< Laptop;
}
else If(ch = = 2)
{
cout<<Desktop ;
} else if(ch= = 3)

114
{
cout<<Notebook;
} else
{
cout<<Invalid Choice;
}
}
}

c) Convert the following code segment into do-while loop. 3
#include<iostream.h>
void main()
{ int i;
for(i=1;i<=20;++i)
cout<<\n<<i;
}

d) Given the following code fragment
int ch=5;
cout << ++ch<< \n<<ch<<\n;

i) What output does the above code fragment produce?
ii) What is the effect of replacing ++ ch with ch+1? 2

6 a) Which header files are required for the following?
(i) frexp()( (ii) sqrt( ) (iii) rand( ) (iv) isupper() 2

b) Evaluate: 4
i) (12)
10
= ( X)
2

ii) (347)
8
= (X)
10

iii) (896)
16
= (X)
8

iv) (100)
10
= (X)
2

7 a) Write a C++ program to check a year for leap year or not. 2
b) Write a C++ program to check a number for Armstrong or not. 4
c) Write a C++ program to calculate the factorial of any given number 4
d) Write a C++ program to print the Fibonacci series 4
e) Write a C++ program to print table a given number. 2

115
Q.No.1
a. Major OS functions are listed below
1. Process Management 2. Storage Management 3. Information
Management (Student has to describe all in brief)
b. The processed information can be used as a data again to produce a next level information.
For example- totoal no. of students school wise can give the information that how students
are there in one region again this information as a data ca be used to calculate that how
many students are studying in KVS
c. unary operators are the operators, having one operand and two operators. There are two
types of unary operators-
i. unary increment ( Ex. a++(post increment))/++a(pre increment))
ii. Unary decrement (a(post decrement)/--a(pre decrement))
d. ALU(Arithmetic logic unit), CU(control unit), MU(memory unit)
e. System software are the software that govern the operation of computer system and
make the hardware run. These software can be classified into two categories.
Operating System & Language Processor
f. Booting is a process through which operating system makes the computer system ready to
g. Hardware- I&III, Software- II&IV

Q.No.2
i. variable is a name given to the memory location, whose value can be changed during run time.
ii. The smallest individual unit in a program is known as a token
iii. Array is a combination of similar data values. It is used to store more than one value under same
name
iv. debugging is a way to correct the errors in the program during compilation
v. comments are non executable statements, used to give the information about the code for future
use.
vi. Keywords are the reserved words, programed by the programmer to perform the specific task. The
keyword can not be taken as a name of variable.
Q.No.3
a. While loop is entry control loop i.e. while loop first will test the condition and if condition is
true then only the body of the loop will be executed. While do-while loop is exit control loop
and even the condition is not true at least one time the body of the loop will be executed.
b. data types are means to identify the types of data and associated operation of handling it. The
fundamental data types are- char, int , float , double and void .
c. one byte
d. i. sqrt(a*a+b*b) & ii. ((a+b)/((p+q)*(p+q))
e. students do yourself

Q.No.4
a. i. 0 1 2
4 5 6 , ii. 9 , iii. For g- good & bad/ for b bad / for e excellent / for p wrong choice
iv. 10,15,20,25,30,35,40,45,50 v. 400, 400, 200
Q.No.5
a. Errors if x==y (correct- if(x==y)) & cout>>y(correct cout<<y)
b.
int ch; cin>>ch;
switch(ch)
{
Case 1 : cout<< Laptop; break;
Case 2: cout<<Desktop ; break;
Case 3: cout<<Notebook;break;
Default : cout<<Invalid Choice;

116
}
c. #include<iostream.h>
void main()
{ int i;
i=1
do
{ cout<<\n<<i;
++i
}while (i<=20);
}
d. In both condition output will be 6 5

Q.No.6
a. math.h , math.h , stdlib.h , ctype.h
b. 1100, (232) , (4226), (1100100)

Q.No.7
a.
#include<iostream.h>
#include<conio.h>

void main()
{
clrscr();
int year;
cout<<"Enter Year(ex:1900):";
cin>>year;
if(year%100==0)
{
if(year%400==0)
cout<<"\nLeap Year";
}
else
if(year%4==0)
cout<<"\nLeap Year";
else
cout<<"\nNot a Leap Year";
getch();
}
b.
#include<iostream.h>
#include<conio.h>
void main()
{
int Number,Temp,b=0;
cout<<endl<<"Enter any number to check";
cin>>Number;
Temp=Number;
int P;
while(Temp>0)
{
P=Temp%10;
b=b P*P*P;
Temp=Temp/10;
}

117
if(b==Number)
{
Cout<<endl<<"Armstrong no";
}
else
{
cout<<"Not an armstrong no";
}
getch();
}

c.
#include <iostream.h>
int factorial(int);

void main(void) {
int number;

cout << "Please enter a positive integer: ";
cin >> number;
if (number < 1)
cout << "That is not a positive integer.\n";
else
cout << number << " factorial is: " << factorial(number) << endl;
}

int factorial(int number) {

if(number <= 1) return 1;
else
return number * factorial(number - 1);
}
d.
#include<iostream.h>
#include<conio.h>
int main()
{
clrscr();
unsigned long first,second,third,n;
int i;
first=0;
second=1;
cout<<"how many elements(>5)? \n";
cin>>n;
cout<<"fibonacci series\n";
cout<<first<<" "<<second;
for(i=2;i<n;i++)
{
third=first+second;
cout<<" "<<third;
first=second;
Second=third;
}
return 0;
getch();}

118
e.
#include<iostream.h>
#include<stdio.h>
void main()
{
int r,m,i,n;
cout<<"Enter the number to generate its table";
cin>>n;
cout<<"Enter the number(table upto)";
cin>>m;
i=1;
while(i<=m)
{
r=n*i;
cout<<N<<"*"<<I<<"="<<R<<endl;
}

}