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Mechanical efficiency measures the effectiveness of a machine in transforming the energy and power

that is input to the device into an output force and movement.


indicated power is the power produced in the cylinder and the brake power is the useful power at the
output shaft.
Brake power is always less than indicative, due to losses by mechanical friction and parasitic loads (oil
pump, air conditioner compressor,)
Bore is the diameter measurement of the cylinders in a piston engine
stroke-mechanical engineering movement of piston: a single movement, up or down, of a
piston in an engine, or the distance that a piston travels in a single movement.
Torque, moment or moment of force, is the tendency of a force to rotate an object about an axis,[1]
fulcrum, or pivot.
Volume displacement is the method used to find the volume of small or irregularly shaped objects by
noting the difference in the level of liquid before and after after immersing an object into a graduated
cylinder or beaker of liquid.
CYCLE-a continuous change or a sequence of changes in the state of a system that leads to the
restoration of the system to its original state after a finite period of time.
Horsepower (hp) is unit of measurement of power, the rate at which work is done.
The kilowatt hour, or kilowatt-hour, (symbol kWh, kWh, or kW h) is a unit of energy equal to 1,000
watt-hours, or 3.6 megajoules.
Springs can be classified depending on how the load force is applied to them:
Tension/extension spring the spring is designed to operate with a tension load, so the spring stretches
as the load is applied to it.
Compression spring is designed to operate with a compression load, so the spring gets shorter as the
load is applied to it.
Torsion spring unlike the above types in which the load is an axial force, the load applied to a torsion
spring is a torque or twisting force, and the end of the spring rotates through an angle as the load is
applied.
Constant spring - supported load will remain the same throughout deflection cycle[5]
Variable spring - resistance of the coil to load varies during compression[6]
Applications[edit]
A Landini tractor with exposed flywheel.
Flywheels are often used to provide continuous energy in systems where the energy source is not
continuous. In such cases, the flywheel stores energy when torque is applied by the energy source, and
it releases stored energy when the energy source is not applying torque to it
Larger Units :

deca 1x101 da *
hecto 1x102 h *
kilo 1x103 k
mega 1x106 M
giga 1x109 G
tera 1x1012 T
peta 1x1015 P
exa 1x1018 E
zetta 1x1021 Z
yotta 1x1024 Y

Smaller Units :
deci 1x10-1 d *
centi 1x10-2 c
milli 1x10-3 m
micro 1x10-6 * *
nano 1x10-9 n
pico 1x10-12 p
femto 1x10-15 f
atto 1x10-18 a
zepto 1x10-21 z
yocto 1x10-24 y