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7 Worksheet (AS)

Data needed to answer questions can be found in the Data, formulae and relationships sheet.
1 Smoke particles suspended in air inside a sealed container are illuminated by a strong source of
light and observed with a microscope. A smoke particle is seen to be in random motion.
What is the reason for this? !"
A #he smoke particle absorbs energy from the light source.
B #he smoke particle collides with air molecules.
C #he smoke particle collides with other smoke particles.
D #here are convection currents in the air.
2 $iquid % has a density of !&'' kg m
()
and liquid * has a density of !+'' kg m
()
.
At what depth in each liquid is the pressure in liquid % equal to the pressure in liquid *? !"
Depth in liquid X / m Depth in liquid Y / m
A !& !+
B !, !,
C !+ !&
D !- !+
3 Why does the pressure of a gas increase when the volume decreases at constant temperature? !"
A #he gas molecules hit each other more often.
B #he gas molecules hit the wall of the container at higher speeds.
C #he gas molecules hit the wall of the container more often.
D #here are more gas molecules present to hit the wall of the container.
4 Which statement is true about water molecules at .' /0? !"
A #here are forces between the molecules and no molecules have enough energy
to escape the liquid.
B #here are forces between the molecules and some molecules have enough energy
to escape the liquid.
C #here are no forces between the molecules and no molecules have enough energy
to escape the liquid.
D #here are no forces between the molecules and some molecules have enough energy
to escape the liquid.
5 Which row correctly compares the ordering and the separation of molecules in solids,
liquids and gases? !"
Ordering of molecules ep!r!tion of molecules
A molecules in a liquid have no order
solid and gas molecules have about
the same separation
B
molecules in a solid are more ordered
than in liquids
solid and liquid molecules have about
the same separation
C
molecules in a solid are more ordered
than in liquids
liquid and gas molecules have about
the same separation
D molecules in a gas have no order
liquid and gas molecules have about
the same separation
AS and A $evel 1hysics 2riginal material 3 0ambridge 4niversity 1ress 5'!' 1
7 Worksheet (AS)
" Describe the arrangement of atoms, the forces between the atoms and the motion of the
atoms in6
! a solid )"
# a liquid )"
c a gas. )"
$ A small amount of gas is trapped inside a container. Describe the motion of the gas atoms
as the temperature of the gas within the container is increased. )"
% State one difference and one similarity between the boiling and evaporation of water. 5"
& A person of weight -5' 7 stands on one leg. #he area of the foot in contact with the floor is
!.& !'
(5
m
5
.
! 0alculate the pressure e8erted by the foot on the ground. 5"
# 98plain what would happen to the pressure e8erted on the floor if the person stands on
tiptoe on one leg. !"
1' A bicycle of mass ), kg is resting on its two tyres on flat ground. #he pressure at the base
of each tyre is !., !'
,
1a. 0alculate the area of each tyre in contact with the ground.
*ou may assume that each tyre supports half the weight of the bicycle. &"
11 #he diagram shows a sealed container filled with air
and attached to a manometer. #he liquid in the
manometer has a density of !5'' kg m
()
.
Atmospheric pressure is !.'5 !'
,
1a.
! 0alculate the pressure of the air inside the
sealed container. )"
# 4sing the kinetic model, e8plain why the
pressure of the air in the container rises when
the temperature increases. )"
12 0opper has density -:)' kg m
()
and ;inc has density .!)' kg m
()
. <rass is an alloy or
mi8ture of copper and ;inc which contains .,= copper and 5,= ;inc by volume.
Assuming that the total volume of the alloy is the sum of the volumes of the copper
and ;inc used, determine6
! the mass of copper and ;inc in a sample of brass of volume !.' m
)
5"
# the density of brass. 5"
#otal6
)+
Score6 =
AS and A $evel 1hysics 2riginal material 3 0ambridge 4niversity 1ress 5'!' 2