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Equations Involving Rational Expressions

To solve equations involving rational expressions, get the LCM of the denominators and
multiply the whole equation by the LCM. Simplify and solve for the variable.


Example 1:
Solve



Solution LCM=

(


)




Solve the following equations
1.

3.



2.

4. (

)











CONGRUENT TRIANGLES

Triangles are congruent, if and only if, given a one-to-one correspondence between the vertices
of a triangle, they satisfy the two conditions:

a. All pairs of corresponding angles are congruent
b. All pairs of corresponding sides are congruent

The definition requires us six congruence statements before we can say that two triangles are
congruent. The six statements must include three pairs of congruent angles and three pairs of
congruent sides. The order in which the triangle is named should be after the proper
correspondence.

Example: Determine whether the following triangles are congruent and if they are, write the
congruence statement.

1.



We have six congruence statements. The proper correspondence is
A X, B W, and C V










A
B
C V
X
W






2. The two triangles below are congruent. This is a special case because the four sides EF, FD,
MN and NL, or two pairs of sides are congruent. The same is true for the angles. Two possible
congruence statement can be formed with . These are and





3. The two triangles below are not congruent because no part (angle or side) of is
congruent to any part of .



Exercises: Given that . is marked as shown. How should be marked?




a. What side should have two marks?
b. What angle should have a single marking?
c. Which angle is congruent to C?
d. Which side is congruent to AB?
e. If units, is also equal to 3.5?
f. If mR , is mC ?


E
F
M
L
N



D



R
Y T
E
G
H

B
C A
T
R
S






Limit Theorems

Theorem 1: The limit of the any constant is equal to itself.


Theorem 2: The limit of the any variable x as approaches to a is equal to a.


Theorem 3: The limit of the sum of two (or more) functions is equal to the sum of their limits.

[ ]


Theorem 4: The limit of the product of two (or more) functions is equal to the product of their
limits.

[] [

] [

]
Theorem 5: The limit of the product of two (or more) functions is equal to the product of their
limits.

if



Examples:
1. Evaluate



Solution

) +

)+

)
= 2(2) + 4(2)+5
= 4 + 8 + 5
= 17

2. Evaluate


Solution







Special Triangles and the Six Trigonometric Functions of Special Angles
For a right triangle, the six trigonometric functions for the acute angle are defined as follows: