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Reference Calculation Out Put

Design of 7m height Retaining Wall at Downstram of Spill Way of


Eerige Oya Tank
Angle of Response of Soil= 30 deg
Saturated Unit Weight of Soil= 17 KN/m3
Dry Unit Weight of Soil= 17 KN/m3
Coefficeint of Friction Between Soil and Concrete= 0.6
Bearing Capacity of Soil= 150 kN/m2
Unit Weight of Concrete= 24 KN/m3
Unit Weight of Water= 9.81 KN/m3
b
a= 0.4 m
y= 0.6 m
h= 7 m
h'= 0.5 m
df= 1 m
Total Height of Retaining Wall ,H= h+df
H= 8 m
f= (H/10 - H/14)
f= 0.5 m
b= 0.4 to 0.6 H
b= 8.75 m
g= 1/3- 1/4 b
g= 1.75 m
Ka= (1-sin)/(1+sin)
Ka=(1-0.5)/(1+0.5)
h

df

f

a
c
g
h'

y
Ka= 0.33
Active Earth Pressure at bottem Pa=Ka x xH
Pa= 44.88 kN/m2
Resulting Active Earth Pressure on unit length of Wall ,F=0.5 Pa xH
F= 179.52 kN
Acting Position h2=H/3
h2= 2.67 m
Pa =Ka x xH
W1= a x c x (h+h')
W1= 72 kN
Distance From A, d1=g+y-a/2
d1= 2.15 m
W2=0.5 x (y-a) x(h+h')x c
W2= 18 kN
Distance From A, d2=g+(y-a)/3
d2= 1.81667 m
W3= sat x (h+h') x (b-y-g)
W3= 816 kN
Distance From A, d3=(b+g+y)/2
d3= 5.55 m
W2
W3
W4
A
W5
Pu Fu
W1
W4= cx b x f
W4= 105 kN
Distance From A, d4=b/2
d4= 4.375 m
W5=h' x sat
W5= 8.5 kN
Distance From A, d5=g/2
d5= 0.875 m
Total Weight= 1019.5 kN
Resultant Moment about A, M
R
= W1d1+ W2d2+ W3d3+W4d4
M
R
= 5183.11 kN.m
Over Turning Moment About A due to Active Earth Pressure, M1= F x h2
M1= 478.72 kN.m
Uplift Pressure Due to Water Pu=
w
x H=0
Pu= 0 kN/m2
Fu= 0.5 x b x Pu
Fu= 0 kN
Distance from A, du=2/3 X b
du= 5.83333 m
Over Turning Moment About A due to uplift pressure, M2= Fu x du
M2= 0 kN.m
FOS
Over Turning
= M
A
/ M1+M2
FOS
Over Turning
= 10.827 >1.5 OK
Check for Sliding
FOS
Sliding
= x Total Weight /F
FOS
Sliding
= 3.40742 OK
Let the resultant R due to Total Weight and Pa lie at a distance X from the A.
X= Sum of Moment About A/Sum of Weights
X= 4.61441 m
e=b/2-X
e= -0.2394 m
Pressure Distribution at base
Pmax=( W/b) x (1+6e/b)
Pmax= 97.3864 kN/m2
Pmin=( W/b) x (1-6e/b)
Pmin= 135.642 kN/m2
Design of Key
Coefficient of Passive Earth Pressure ,Kp= 1/ka
kp= 3.0303
Pp=kp (h3+f)
Pp= 56.6667 kN/m2
Pa'=ka (h3+H)
Pa'= 48.246 kN/m2
The weight of Key and earth shown hatched will be additional weights
for sliding
Total Weight= 1111.27 kN
Fa'=Pa'x (H+h3)/2
Fa'= 207.458 kN
Distance from A,d6=(h3+H)/3
d6= 2.86667 m
W3
W4
W1
W2
W5
h3=0.6
Pp
Pa'
W6 W7
W8
Moment About A, = 594.712 kNm
Fp=Pp x (h3+f)/2
Fp= 31.1667 kN
Distance from A, d7=(h3+f)/3
d7= 0.36667 m
Moment about A= 11.4278 kNm
W7= c y h3
W7= 8.64 kN
Distance from A, d8=(g+y/2)
d8= 2.05 m
Moment About A= 17.712 kNm
Net Horizontal Force=Fa'-Fp= 176.291 kN
FOS
Sliding
= 3.78216 ok
FOS
overtiurning
= 8.30963 ok
Structural Design of Stem
Active Earth Pressure at Level AB, Pa"=Ka x x(h+h')
Pa"= 42.075 kN/m2
Resultant Force, Fa"= Pa" x (h+h')/2x1
Fa"= 157.781 kN
Distance From AB level, d"=(h+h')/3
d"= 2.5 m
Ma"=Fa" x d"
W1
W2
W5
W3
W4
Pa"
A B
Fa''
d"
Ma"= 394.453 kN.m
Maximium Shear forcr at AB Level ,S.F
AB
=Pa"x( h+h')
S.F
AB
= 315.563 kN
Ultimate Bending Moment at Bottem of Stem,Mu=1.2 Ma"
Mu= 473.344 kN.m
3.4.4.4 BS
8110 Assume Moment Redistribution< 10%, K'=0.156
K=Mu/(bd^2 fcu)
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 460 N/mm2
b= 1000 mm
Assume Bar Diameter dr= 25 mm
Hence d=(a+y)/2-40-dr/2 447.5 mm
K= 0.09455 <k'=0.156
Compression Reinforcement not Required,
Z=d{0.5+(0.25-k/0.9)^0.5}
Z= 394.122 mm
As=M/0.95fyZ
As= 2748.3 mm2
Assume No of Bars Required per meter length,N
N= 5.59655
Provide 25mm Bars at 125mm Spacing
Provide Minimum Distribution Reinforcement
As=0.13*1000*(a+y)*1000/(2*100)
As= 650 mm2
Provide 12 mm bars
N= 5.74495
Provide 12mm bars at 150mm spacing
Check For Shear Reinforcement
Ultimate Shear Force, Fu= 1.2 x S.F
AB
Fu= 378.675 kN
Shear Stress=Fu/bd
e
Shear Stress= 0.8462 N/mm2
Allowable Shear Stress=0.8(fcu^0.5)= 4 N/mm2
No Need Shear Reinforcement
Design of Toe
Upward Soil Pressure at A,P
A
=Pmax-(Pmax-Pmin)*g/b
= 105.038 kN/m2
Design the toe as a cantilever slab under the action of Self Weight,
Upward Pressure From Soil and Uplift Pressure by water
Weight of Toe =1.4* f*g*
c
= 29.4 kN
Distance From A=g/2= 0.875 m
B.M at A due to Weight of Toe= 25.725 kN.m
Force From Soil , Regtangular Component =1.4* P
A
*g= 257.342 kN
Distance From A=g/2= 0.875 m
B.M at A= 225.174 kN.m
Force From Soil ,Triangular Component =1.4*0.5* (Pmax-P
A)
*g= -9.3727 kN
Distance From A=2g/3= 1.16667 m
B.M at A= -10.935 kN.m
W1
W2
W5
Pmax
Pmin
A B
Uplift Pressure Due to Water at A,P
uA
=Pu*g/b
P
uA
= 0 kN/mm2
F
uA
=1.4*0.5*g*P
uA
= 0 kN
Distance from A=2g/3= 1.16667 m
B.M at A= 0 kN.m
Resultant Bending Moment at A= 188.514 kN/mm2
S.F at A= 218.569 kN
Assume Moment Redistribution< 10%, K'=0.156
K=Mu/(bd^2 fcu)
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 460 N/mm2
b= 1000 mm
Assume Bar Diameter dr= 25 mm
Hence d=f-40-dr/2 447.5 mm
K= 0.03765 <k'=0.156
Compression Reinforcement not Required,
Z=d{0.5+(0.25-k/0.9)^0.5}
Z= 427.921 mm
As=M/0.95fyZ
As= 1168.81 mm2
Assume No of Bars Required per meter length,N
N= 2.38013
Provide 25mm bars at 125mm spacings ,Hence Continue the Stem
Main Bar
Provide Minimum Distribution Reinforcement
As=0.13*1000*f*1000/100
As= 650 mm2
Provide 12mm bars
N= 5.74495
Provide 12mm bars at 150mm spacing
Check For Shear Reinforcement
Ultimate Shear Force, Fu= 1.2 x S.F
AB
Fu= 262.283 kN
Shear Stress=Fu/bd
e
Shear Stress= 0.58611 N/mm2
Allowable Shear Stress=0.8(fcu^0.5)= 4 N/mm2
No need Shear Reinforcement
Design of Heel
Upward Soil Pressure at B,P
B
=Pmax-(Pmax-Pmin)*(g+y)/b
= 107.661 kN/m2
Design the Heel as a cantilever slab under the action of Self Weight,
Upward Pressure From Soil and Uplift Pressure by water
Weight of Toe =1.4* f*(b-y-g)*
c
= 107.52 kN
Distance From B=(b-y-g)/2= 3.2 m
B.M at B due to Weight of Toe= 344.064 kN.m
Upward Force From Soil , Regtangular Component =1.4* P
min
*(b-y-g)= 1215.35 kN
Distance From B=(b-y-g)/2= 3.2 m
B.M at B= 3889.13 kN.m
Force From Soil ,Triangular Component =1.4*0.5* (P
B
-P
min)
*(b-y-g)= -125.36 kN
A B
W1
W2
W5
Pmax
Pmin
W4
Distance From A=2(b-y-g)/3= 4.26667 m
B.M at A= -534.85 kN.m
Uplift Pressure Due to Water at A,P
uA
=Pu*(b-y-g)/b
P
uA
= 0 kN/mm2
F
uA
=1.4*0.5*g*P
uA
= 0 kN
Distance from A=(b-y-g)/3= 2.13333 m
B.M at A= 0 kN.m
Weight of Soil Above Heel,W3= 816 kN
Distance From B=(b-y-g)/2= 3.2 m
Bending Moment at B= 2611.2 kN.m
Resultant Bending Moment at B= 399.014 kN/mm2
S.F at A= 166.477 kN
Assume Moment Redistribution< 10%, K'=0.156
K=Mu/(bd^2 fcu)
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 460 N/mm2
b= 1000 mm
Assume Bar Diameter dr= 25 mm
Hence d=f-40-dr/2 447.5 mm
K= 0.0797 <k'=0.156
Compression Reinforcement not Required,
Z=d{0.5+(0.25-k/0.9)^0.5}
Z= 403.556 mm
As=M/0.95fyZ
As= 2262.58 mm2
Assume No of Bars Required per meter length,N
N= 4.60743
Provide25mm bars at 125mm spacings,
Provide Minimum Distribution Reinforcement
As=0.13*1000*f*1000/100
As= 650 mm2
Provide 12mm bars
N= 5.74495
Provide 12mm bars at 150mm spacing
Check For Shear Reinforcement
Ultimate Shear Force, Fu= 1.2 x S.F
AB
Fu= 199.773 kN
Shear Stress=Fu/bd
e
Shear Stress= 0.44642 N/mm2
Allowable Shear Stress=0.8(fcu^0.5)= 4 N/mm2
No need Shear Reinforcement

1019.5
0.096298

10.5 9.4
1.1


Reference Calculation Out Put
Design of 7m height Retaining Wall at Downstram of Spill Way of
Eerige Oya Tank
Angle of Response of Soil= 30 deg
Saturated Unit Weight of Soil= 20 KN/m3
Dry Unit Weight of Soil= 17 KN/m3
Coefficeint of Friction Between Soil and Concrete= 0.6
Bearing Capacity of Soil= 150 kN/m2
Unit Weight of Concrete= 24 KN/m3
Unit Weight of Water= 9.81 KN/m3
b
a= 0.4 m
y= 0.6 m
h= 7 m
h'= 0.5 m
df= 1 m
Total Height of Retaining Wall ,H= h+df
H= 8 m
f= (H/10 - H/14)
f= 0.5 m
b= 0.4 to 0.6 H
b= 8.75 m
g= 1/3- 1/4 b
g= 1.75 m
Ka= (1-sin)/(1+sin)
Ka=(1-0.5)/(1+0.5)
h

df

f

a
c
g
h'

y
Ka= 0.33
Active Earth Pressure at bottem Pa=Ka x xH
Pa= 52.8 kN/m2
Resulting Active Earth Pressure on unit length of Wall ,F=0.5 Pa xH
F= 211.2 kN
Acting Position h2=H/3
h2= 2.67 m
Pa =Ka x xH
W1= a x c x (h+h')
W1= 72 kN
Distance From A, d1=g+y-a/2
d1= 2.15 m
W2=0.5 x (y-a) x(h+h')x c
W2= 18 kN
Distance From A, d2=g+(y-a)/3
d2= 1.81667 m
W3= sat x (h+h') x (b-y-g)
W3= 960 kN
Distance From A, d3=(b+g+y)/2
d3= 5.55 m
W2
W3
W4
A
W5
Pu Fu
W1
W4= cx b x f
W4= 105 kN
Distance From A, d4=b/2
d4= 4.375 m
W5=h' x sat
W5= 10 kN
Distance From A, d5=g/2
d5= 0.875 m
Total Weight= 1165 kN
Resultant Moment about A, M
R
= W1d1+ W2d2+ W3d3+W4d4
M
R
= 5983.63 kN.m
Over Turning Moment About A due to Active Earth Pressure, M1= F x h2
M1= 563.2 kN.m
Pu=
w
x H
Pu= 78.48 kN/m2
Fu= 0.5 x b x Pu
Fu= 343.35 kN
Distance from A, du=2/3 X b
du= 5.83333 m
Over Turning Moment About A due to uplift pressure, M2= Fu x du
M2= 2002.88 kN.m
FOS
Over Turning
= M
A
/ M1+M2
FOS
Over Turning
= 2.33182 >1.5 OK
Check for Sliding
FOS
Sliding
= x Total Weight /F
FOS
Sliding
= 3.30966 OK
Let the resultant R due to Total Weight and Pa lie at a distance X from the A.
X= Sum of Moment About A/Sum of Weights
X= 2.93352 m
e=b/2-X
e= 1.44148 m
Pressure Distribution at base
Pmax=( W/b) x (1+6e/b)
Pmax= 264.747 kN/m2
Pmin=( W/b) x (1-6e/b)
Pmin= 1.53861 kN/m2
Design of Key
Coefficient of Passive Earth Pressure ,Kp= 1/ka
kp= 3.0303
Pp=kp (h3+f)
Pp= 66.6667 kN/m2
Pa'=ka (h3+H)
Pa'= 56.76 kN/m2
The weight of Key and earth shown hatched will be additional weights
for sliding
Total Weight= 1271.44 kN
Fa'=Pa'x (H+h3)/2
Fa'= 244.068 kN
Distance from A,d6=(h3+H)/3
d6= 2.86667 m
Moment About A, = 699.662 kNm
W3
W4
W1
W2
W5
h3=0.6
Pp
Pa'
W6 W7
W8
Fp=Pp x (h3+f)/2
Fp= 36.6667 kN
Distance from A, d7=(h3+f)/3
d7= 0.36667 m
Moment about A= 13.4444 kNm
W7= c y h3
W7= 8.64 kN
Distance from A, d8=(g+y/2)
d8= 2.05 m
Moment About A= 17.712 kNm
Net Horizontal Force=Fa'-Fp= 207.401 kN
FOS
Sliding
= 3.6782 ok
FOS
overtiurning
= 2.19091 ok
Structural Design of Stem
Active Earth Pressure at Level AB, Pa"=Ka x x(h+h')
Pa"= 49.5 kN/m2
Resultant Force, Fa"= Pa" x (h+h')/2x1
Fa"= 185.625 kN
Distance From AB level, d"=(h+h')/3
d"= 2.5 m
Ma"=Fa" x d"
Ma"= 464.063 kN.m
W1
W2
W5
W3
W4
Pa"
A B
Fa''
d"
Maximium Shear forcr at AB Level ,S.F
AB
=Pa"x( h+h')
S.F
AB
= 371.25 kN
Ultimate Bending Moment at Bottem of Stem,Mu=1.2 Ma"
Mu= 556.875 kN.m
3.4.4.4 BS
8110 Assume Moment Redistribution< 10%, K'=0.156
K=Mu/(bd^2 fcu)
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 460 N/mm2
b= 1000 mm
Assume Bar Diameter dr= 25 mm
Hence d=(a+y)/2-40-dr/2 447.5 mm
K= 0.11123 <k'=0.156
Compression Reinforcement not Required,
Z=d{0.5+(0.25-k/0.9)^0.5}
Z= 382.854 mm
As=M/0.95fyZ
As= 3328.46 mm2
Assume No of Bars Required per meter length,N
N= 6.77795
Provide 25mm Bars at 125mm Spacing
Provide Minimum Distribution Reinforcement
As=0.13*1000*(a+y)*1000/(2*100)
As= 650 mm2
Provide 12 mm bars
N= 5.74495
Provide 12mm bars at 150mm spacing
Check For Shear Reinforcement
Ultimate Shear Force, Fu= 1.2 x S.F
AB
Fu= 445.5 kN
Shear Stress=Fu/bd
e
Shear Stress= 0.99553 N/mm2
Allowable Shear Stress=0.8(fcu^0.5)= 4 N/mm2
No Need Shear Reinforcement
Design of Toe
Upward Soil Pressure at A,P
A
=Pmax-(Pmax-Pmin)*g/b
= 212.105 kN/m2
Design the toe as a cantilever slab under the action of Self Weight,
Upward Pressure From Soil and Uplift Pressure by water
Weight of Toe =1.4* f*g*
c
= 29.4 kN
Distance From A=g/2= 0.875 m
B.M at A due to Weight of Toe= 25.725 kN.m
Force From Soil , Regtangular Component =1.4* P
A
*g= 519.658 kN
Distance From A=g/2= 0.875 m
B.M at A= 454.701 kN.m
Force From Soil ,Triangular Component =1.4*0.5* (Pmax-P
A)
*g= 64.4861 kN
Distance From A=2g/3= 1.16667 m
B.M at A= 75.2338 kN.m
Uplift Pressure Due to Water at A,P
uA
=Pu*g/b
W1
W2
W5
Pmax
Pmin
A B
P
uA
= 15.696 kN/mm2
F
uA
=1.4*0.5*g*P
uA
= 19.2276 kN
Distance from A=2g/3= 1.16667 m
B.M at A= 22.4322 kN.m
Resultant Bending Moment at A= 526.642 kN/mm2
S.F at A= 573.972 kN
Assume Moment Redistribution< 10%, K'=0.156
K=Mu/(bd^2 fcu)
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 460 N/mm2
b= 1000 mm
Assume Bar Diameter dr= 25 mm
Hence d=f-40-dr/2 447.5 mm
K= 0.10519 <k'=0.156
Compression Reinforcement not Required,
Z=d{0.5+(0.25-k/0.9)^0.5}
Z= 387.022 mm
As=M/0.95fyZ
As= 3393.7 mm2
Assume No of Bars Required per meter length,N
N= 6.91081
Provide 25mm bars at 125mm spacings ,Hence Continue the Stem
Main Bar
Provide Minimum Distribution Reinforcement
As=0.13*1000*f*1000/100
As= 650 mm2
Provide 12mm bars
N= 5.74495
Provide 12mm bars at 150mm spacing
Check For Shear Reinforcement
Ultimate Shear Force, Fu= 1.2 x S.F
AB
Fu= 688.766 kN
Shear Stress=Fu/bd
e
Shear Stress= 1.53914 N/mm2
Allowable Shear Stress=0.8(fcu^0.5)= 4 N/mm2
No need Shear Reinforcement
Design of Heel
Upward Soil Pressure at B,P
B
=Pmax-(Pmax-Pmin)*(g+y)/b
= 194.057 kN/m2
Design the Heel as a cantilever slab under the action of Self Weight,
Upward Pressure From Soil and Uplift Pressure by water
Weight of Toe =1.4* f*(b-y-g)*
c
= 107.52 kN
Distance From B=(b-y-g)/2= 3.2 m
B.M at B due to Weight of Toe= 344.064 kN.m
Upward Force From Soil , Regtangular Component =1.4* P
min
*(b-y-g)= 13.786 kN
Distance From B=(b-y-g)/2= 3.2 m
B.M at B= 44.1151 kN.m
Force From Soil ,Triangular Component =1.4*0.5* (P
B
-P
min)
*(b-y-g)= 862.482 kN
A B
W1
W2
W5
Pmax
Pmin
W4
Distance From A=2(b-y-g)/3= 4.26667 m
B.M at A= 3679.92 kN.m
Uplift Pressure Due to Water at A,P
uA
=Pu*(b-y-g)/b
P
uA
= 57.4025 kN/mm2
F
uA
=1.4*0.5*g*P
uA
= 117.874 kN
Distance from A=(b-y-g)/3= 2.13333 m
B.M at A= 251.464 kN.m
Weight of Soil Above Heel,W3= 960 kN
Distance From B=(b-y-g)/2= 3.2 m
Bending Moment at B= 3072 kN.m
Resultant Bending Moment at B= 559.437 kN/mm2
S.F at A= -73.378 kN
Assume Moment Redistribution< 10%, K'=0.156
K=Mu/(bd^2 fcu)
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 460 N/mm2
b= 1000 mm
Assume Bar Diameter dr= 25 mm
Hence d=f-40-dr/2 447.5 mm
K= 0.11174 <k'=0.156
Compression Reinforcement not Required,
Z=d{0.5+(0.25-k/0.9)^0.5}
Z= 382.496 mm
As=M/0.95fyZ
As= 3346.9 mm2
Assume No of Bars Required per meter length,N
N= 6.81551
Provide25mm bars at 125mm spacings,
Provide Minimum Distribution Reinforcement
As=0.13*1000*f*1000/100
As= 650 mm2
Provide 12mm bars
N= 5.74495
Provide 12mm bars at 150mm spacing
Check For Shear Reinforcement
Ultimate Shear Force, Fu= 1.2 x S.F
AB
Fu= -88.054 kN
Shear Stress=Fu/bd
e
Shear Stress= -0.1968 N/mm2
Allowable Shear Stress=0.8(fcu^0.5)= 4 N/mm2
No need Shear Reinforcement

1165
0.096298

10.5 9.4
1.1


Reference Calculation
Design of 7m height Retaining Wall at Downstram of Spill Way of
Eerige Oya Tank
Angle of Response of Soil= 30 deg
Saturated Unit Weight of Soil= 20 KN/m3
Dry Unit Weight of Soil= 17 KN/m3
Coefficeint of Friction Between Soil and Concrete= 0.6
Bearing Capacity of Soil= 150 kN/m2
Unit Weight of Concrete= 24 KN/m3
Unit Weight of Water= 9.81 KN/m3
b
a= 0.6 m
y= 0.75 m
h= 9 m
h'= 0.6 m
df= 1.5 m
Total Height of Retaining Wall ,H= h+df
H= 10.5 m
f= (H/10 - H/14)
f= 0.9 m
h

df

f

a
c
g
h'

h

df

f

a
c
g
h'

h

df

f

a
c
g
h'

y
b= 0.4 to 0.6 H
b= 11.25 m
g= 1/3- 1/4 b
g= 0 m
Ka= (1-sin)/(1+sin)
Ka=(1-0.5)/(1+0.5)
Ka= 0.33
Active Earth Pressure at bottem Pa=Ka x xH
Pa= 69.3 kN/m2
Resulting Active Earth Pressure on unit length of Wall ,F=0.5 Pa xH
F= 363.825 kN
Acting Position h2=H/3
h2= 3.50 m
Pa =Ka x xH
A
Pu Fu
W2
W3
W4
A
W5
Pu Fu
W1
W2
W4
A
W5
Pu Fu
W1
W1= a x c x (h+h')
W1= 138.24 kN
Distance From A, d1=g+y-a/2
d1= 0.45 m
W2=0.5 x (y-a) x(h+h')x c
W2= 17.28 kN
Distance From A, d2=g+(y-a)/3
d2= 0.05 m
W3= sat x (h+h') x (b-y-g)
W3= 2016 kN
Distance From A, d3=(b+g+y)/2
d3= 6 m
W4= cx b x f
W4= 243 kN
Distance From A, d4=b/2
d4= 5.625 m
W5=h' x sat
W5= 12 kN
Distance From A, d5=g/2
d5= 0 m
Total Weight= 2426.52 kN
Resultant Moment about A, M
R
= W1d1+ W2d2+ W3d3+W4d4
M
R
= 13525.9 kN.m
Over Turning Moment About A due to Active Earth Pressure, M1= F x h2
M1= 1273.39 kN.m
Pu=
w
x H
Pu= 103.005 kN/m2
Fu= 0.5 x b x Pu
Fu= 579.403 kN
Distance from A, du=2/3 X b
du= 7.5 m
Over Turning Moment About A due to uplift pressure, M2= Fu x du
M2= 4345.52 kN.m
FOS
Over Turning
= M
A
/ M1+M2
FOS
Over Turning
= 2.40722 >1.5 OK
Check for Sliding
FOS
Sliding
= x Total Weight /F
FOS
Sliding
= 4.00168 OK
Let the resultant R due to Total Weight and Pa lie at a distance X from the A.
X= Sum of Moment About A/Sum of Weights
X= 3.25859 m
e=b/2-X
e= 2.36641 m
Pressure Distribution at base
Pmax=( W/b) x (1+6e/b)
Pmax= 487.911 kN/m2
Pmin=( W/b) x (1-6e/b)
Pmin= -56.529 kN/m2
Design of Key
Coefficient of Passive Earth Pressure ,Kp= 1/ka
kp= 3.0303
h3= 0.6 m
Pp=kp (h3+f)
Pp= 90.9091 kN/m2
Pa'=ka (h3+H)
Pa'= 73.26 kN/m2
The weight of Key and earth shown hatched will be additional weights
for sliding
Total Weight= 2563.32 kN
Fa'=Pa'x (H+h3)/2
Fa'= 406.593 kN
W3
W4
W1
W2
W5
h3=0.6
Pp
Pa'
W6 W7
W8
W3
W4
W1
W2
W5
h3=0.75
Pp
Pa'
W6 W7
W8
Distance from A,d6=(h3+H)/3
d6= 3.7 m
Moment About A, = 1504.39 kNm
Fp=Pp x (h3+f)/2
Fp= 68.1818 kN
Distance from A, d7=(h3+f)/3
d7= 0.5 m
Moment about A= 34.0909 kNm
W7= c y h3
W7= 10.8 kN
Distance from A, d8=(g+y/2)
d8= 0.375 m
Moment About A= 4.05 kNm
Net Horizontal Force=Fa'-Fp= 338.411 kN
FOS
Sliding
= 4.54474 ok
FOS
overtiurning
= 2.28621 ok
Structural Design of Stem
W1
W2
W5
W3
W4
Pa"
A B
Fa''
d"
W1
W2
W5
W3
W4
Pa"
A B
Fa''
d"
Active Earth Pressure at Level AB, Pa"=Ka x x(h+h')
Pa"= 63.36 kN/m2
Resultant Force, Fa"= Pa" x (h+h')/2x1
Fa"= 304.128 kN
Distance From AB level, d"=(h+h')/3
d"= 3.2 m
Ma"=Fa" x d"
Ma"= 973.21 kN.m
Maximium Shear forcr at AB Level ,S.F
AB
=Pa"x( h+h')
S.F
AB
= 608.256 kN
Ultimate Bending Moment at Bottem of Stem,Mu=1.2 Ma"
Mu= 1167.85 kN.m
3.4.4.4 BS
8110 Assume Moment Redistribution< 10%, K'=0.156
K=Mu/(bd^2 fcu)
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 460 N/mm2
b= 1000 mm
Assume Bar Diameter dr= 32 mm
Hence d=(a+y)/2-40-dr/2 619 mm
K= 0.12192 >k'=0.156
Compression Reinforcement not Required,
W4
A B
W4
A B
Z=d{0.5+(0.25-k/0.9)^0.5}
Z= 518.989 mm
As=M/0.95fyZ
As= 5149.3 mm2
Assume No of Bars Required per meter length,N
N= 6.40005
Provide 32mm Bars at 125mm Spacing
Provide Minimum Distribution Reinforcement
As=0.13*1000*(a+y)*1000/(2*100)
As= 877.5 mm2
Diameter of Distribution Reinforcement= 16
N= 4.36257
Provide 16mm bars at 200mm spacing
Check For Shear Reinforcement
Ultimate Shear Force, Fu= 1.2 x S.F
AB
Fu= 729.907 kN
Shear Stress=Fu/bd
e
Shear Stress= 1.17917 N/mm2
Allowable Shear Stress=0.8(fcu^0.5)= 4 N/mm2
No Need Shear Reinforcement
Design of Toe
Upward Soil Pressure at A,P
A
=Pmax-(Pmax-Pmin)*g/b
= 487.911 kN/m2
Design the toe as a cantilever slab under the action of Self Weight,
Upward Pressure From Soil and Uplift Pressure by water
Weight of Toe =1.4* f*g*
c
= 0 kN
Distance From A=g/2= 0 m
B.M at A due to Weight of Toe= 0 kN.m
Force From Soil , Regtangular Component =1.4* P
A
*g= 0 kN
Distance From A=g/2= 0 m
B.M at A= 0 kN.m
Force From Soil ,Triangular Component =1.4*0.5* (Pmax-P
A)
*g= 0 kN
Distance From A=2g/3= 0 m
B.M at A= 0 kN.m
Uplift Pressure Due to Water at A,P
uA
=Pu*g/b
W1
W2
W5
Pmax
Pmin
A B
W1
W2
W5
Pmax
Pmin
A B
P
uA
= 0 kN/mm2
F
uA
=1.4*0.5*g*P
uA
= 0 kN
Distance from A=2g/3= 0 m
B.M at A= 0 kN.m
Resultant Bending Moment at A= 0 kN/mm2
S.F at A= 0 kN
Assume Moment Redistribution< 10%, K'=0.156
K=Mu/(bd^2 fcu)
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 460 N/mm2
b= 1000 mm
Assume Bar Diameter dr= 32 mm
Hence d=f-40-dr/2 844 mm
K= 0 <k'=0.156
Compression Reinforcement not Required,
Z=d{0.5+(0.25-k/0.9)^0.5}
Z= 844 mm
As=M/0.95fyZ
As= 0 mm2
Assume No of Bars Required per meter length,N
N= 0
Provide 25mm bars at 150mm spacings ,Hence Continue the Stem
Main Bar
Provide Minimum Distribution Reinforcement
As=0.13*1000*f*1000/100
As= 1170 mm2
Provide 16mm bars
N= 5.81676
Provide 16mm bars at 150mm spacing
Check For Shear Reinforcement
Ultimate Shear Force, Fu= 1.2 x S.F
AB
Fu= 0 kN
Shear Stress=Fu/bd
e
Shear Stress= 0 N/mm2
Allowable Shear Stress=0.8(fcu^0.5)= 4 N/mm2
No need Shear Reinforcement
Design of Heel
A B
W1
W2
W5
Pmax
Pmin
W4
A B
W1
W2
W5
Pmax
Pmin
W4
Upward Soil Pressure at B,P
B
=Pmax-(Pmax-Pmin)*(g+y)/b
= 451.615 kN/m2
Design the Heel as a cantilever slab under the action of Self Weight,
Upward Pressure From Soil and Uplift Pressure by water
Weight of Toe =1.4* f*(b-y-g)*
c
= 317.52 kN
Distance From B=(b-y-g)/2= 5.25 m
B.M at B due to Weight of Toe= 1666.98 kN.m
Upward Force From Soil , Regtangular Component =1.4* P
min
*(b-y-g)= -830.98 kN
Distance From B=(b-y-g)/2= 5.25 m
B.M at B= -4362.6 kN.m
Force From Soil ,Triangular Component =1.4*0.5* (P
B
-P
min)
*(b-y-g)= 3734.86 kN
Distance From B=2(b-y-g)/3= 7 m
B.M at B= 26144 kN.m
Uplift Pressure Due to Water at A,P
uA
=Pu*(b-y-g)/b
P
uA
= 96.138 kN/mm2
F
uA
=1.4*0.5*g*P
uA
= 219.292 kN
Distance from B=(b-y-g)/3= 3.5 m
B.M at B= 767.522 kN.m
Weight of Soil Above Heel,W3= 2016 kN
Distance From B=(b-y-g)/2= 5.25 m
Bending Moment at B= 10584 kN.m
Pmax Pmax
Resultant Bending Moment at B= 10297.9 kN/mm2
S.F at B= 789.649 kN
Assume Moment Redistribution< 10%, K'=0.156
K=Mu/(bd^2 fcu)
fcu= 25 N/mm2
fy= 460 N/mm2
b= 1000 mm
Assume Bar Diameter dr= 32 mm
Hence d=f-40-dr/2 844 mm
K= 0.57826 <k'=0.156
Compression Reinforcement not Required,
Z=d{0.5+(0.25-k/0.9)^0.5}
Z= #NUM! mm
As=M/0.95fyZ
As= #NUM! mm2
Assume No of Bars Required per meter length,N
N= #NUM!
Provide10mm bars at 200mm spacings per 1m length,
Provide Minimum Distribution Reinforcement
As=0.13*1000*f*1000/100
As= 1170 mm2
Provide 16mm bars
N= 5.81676
Provide 16mm bars at200mm spacing
Hence Provide 16mm bars at 150mm spacings bothways, minimum
Reinforcement for bothways
Check For Shear Reinforcement
Ultimate Shear Force, Fu= 1.2 x S.F
AB
Fu= 947.579 kN
Shear Stress=Fu/bd
e
Shear Stress= 1.12272 N/mm2
Allowable Shear Stress=0.8(fcu^0.5)= 4 N/mm2
No need Shear Reinforcement
Out Put
1.05
2.8125

2426.52
0.096298
9530.376
570.3573
10.5 9.4
1.1



E1= 30.3
y1= 30.25621
V1= 1.679324
Fr= 0.053802
y2= 0.174161
Length= 0.870804
Legth of Spillway L= 200 ft
Maximum Afflux h= 2 ft
Spill Discharge Q=3.33XLxH
1.5
1883.732 Cusec
Length of Drop L'= 36.1 ft
Afflux at Drop h'= 6.261983 ft