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Name:

Moon Phases Activity II (be certain to complete Moon Phases Activity I first)
Directions:
1. Using a pencil, ra! the terminator (ay"night bo#nary) for both the $arth
an Moon in each of the iagrams belo!.
%. &hae the ar' sies of the $arth an Moon gray as sho!n in the e(ample
belo! being caref#l to note the irection of $arth)s rotation in each case.
*. Imagine a person on the $arth irectly belo! the Moon an seeing it high in the
s'y. +ra! a line from the person to each sie of the Moon.
,. Imagine yo#rself staning on $arth near the person. +etermine ho! m#ch light
the person can see an on !hich sie (left or right) of the moon.
-. &'etch an !rite the name of the Moon)s phase. .he first iagram has been
one for yo# to serve as an e(ample. /o# !ill generally nee to #se t!o terms
each time s#ch as 0!a(ing crescent1 or 0!aning gibbo#s1. .erms yo# !ill #se
incl#e crescent, gibbo#s first 2#arter, thir 2#arter, ne!, an f#ll.
3. +etermine the elongation an irection of the Moon from the &#n in each case.
$longation is the ang#lar istance of the Moon from the &#n meas#re from the
&#n to the Moon. If the Moon)s elongation (smallest angle) is co#ntercloc'!ise,
the elongation is east. If the Moon)s elongation is cloc'!ise, the elongation is
!est. 4or instance, a !a(ing crescent !ill have an elongation of appro(imately
,- egrees east.
5on#s points: +etermine the time of moonrise an moonset for each phase of the
moon. Use a straight ege to represent the observer)s hori6on an t#rn it in the
irection of $arth)s rotation. .he s#n is to the left in each iagram. 7hen the s#n
is on the !estern hori6on, the time is s#nset. 7hen the s#n is 89 egrees belo!
the hori6on, it is minight an so on.
7hat the moon loo's li'e from $arth.
Name of phase:
N$7 M::N
$longation: 9 egrees
moonset at s#nset;
moonrise at s#nrise
Name:
7hat the moon loo's li'e from $arth.
7hat the moon loo's li'e from $arth.
7hat the moon loo's li'e from $arth.
7hat the moon loo's li'e from $arth.
Name of phase:
$longation: ,-
o
$
<ise=set:
Name of phase:
$longation:
<ise=set:
Name of phase:
$longation:
<ise=set:
Name of phase:
$longation:
<ise=set:
Name:
7hat the moon loo's li'e from $arth.
7hat the moon loo's li'e from $arth.
7hat the moon loo's li'e from $arth.
It appears then that the phase of the moon res#lt from the orbit of the moon
aro#n the $arth once a month. As the moon orbits the $arth, !e first see more
an then less of the moon)s s#nlit s#rface. .he moon is al!ays half !ay lit #p by the
s#n #nless there is an eclipse of the moon. .his occ#rs !hen $arth)s shao! falls on
the moon.
Moon Phases 7or'sheet >#estions:
1. +o l#nar phases have anything to o !ith $arth)s shao! falling on the moon?
Name of phase:
$longation:
<ise=set:
Name of phase:
$longation:
<ise=set:
Name of phase:
Name of phase:
$longation:
<ise=set:
Name:
%. At !hat moon phase !o#l an eclipse (isappearance) of the s#n occ#r?
*. At !hat moon phase !o#l an eclipse (isappearance) of the moon occ#r?
,. Is the Moon)s elongation east or !est #ring !a(ing phases?
-. Is the Moon)s ang#lar istance from the &#n increasing or ecreasing #ring
!aning phases?
3. At !hat time !ill the ne! moon rise?
@. At !hat time !ill the ne! moon set?
A. At !hat time !ill the f#ll moon rise?
8. At !hat time !ill the f#ll moon set?
19. 7hat oes the Moon)s bac'sie loo' li'e !hen the sie facing the $arth is f#lly
ill#minate by the &#n? $(plain.