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ATLAS.ti 6 Quick Tour
Revision J46
Copyright Notice
CopyrihL 200J-2010 by A1LAS.Li ScienLiic SoLware DevelopmenL GmbH, 8erlin. All rihLs reserved. AuLhor: Dr. Susanne Friese (Quarc
ConsulLin). LdiLorial advisor: Sarah NaLLhews (A1LAS.Li GmbH). 1echnical realizaLion: Dr. 1homas G. Rinmayr (hyperLexxL.com).
Copyin or duplicaLin Lhis manual or any parL Lhereo is a violaLion o applicable law. No parL o Lhis manual may be reproduced or LransmiLLed
in any orm or by any means, elecLronic or mechanical, includin, buL noL limiLed Lo, phoLocopyin, wiLhouL wriLLen permission rom A1LAS.Li
GmbH.
Trademarks
A1LAS.Li is a reisLered Lrademark o A1LAS.Li ScienLiic SoLware DevelopmenL GmbH. Adobe AcrobaL is a Lrademark o Adobe SysLems
lncorporaLed; NicrosoL, Windows, Lxcel, and oLher NicrosoL producLs reerenced herein are eiLher Lrademarks o NicrosoL CorporaLion in Lhe
UniLed SLaLes and/or in oLher counLries. Goole LarLh is a Lrademark o Goole, lnc. All oLher producL names and any reisLered and unreisLered
Lrademarks menLioned in Lhis documenL are used or idenLiicaLion purposes only and remain Lhe exclusive properLy o Lheir respecLive owners.
ConLenLs
ObjecLives.....................................................................................................................................4
8asic ConcepLs..............................................................................................................................5
A1LAS.Li - 1he Knowlede Workbench............................................................................................5
SoLware or CreaLive Analysis? .......................................................................................................5
Some 8asic 1erms and ConcepLs.......................................................................................................5
FirsL SLeps.....................................................................................................................................7
1he ProjecL.......................................................................................................................................7
SLarLin A1LAS.Li..............................................................................................................................7
1he A1LAS.Li User lnLerace..............................................................................................................8
Viewin Your Files - 1he Primary DocumenL Nanaer.....................................................................9
Codin........................................................................................................................................11
Codin a 1exL DocumenL................................................................................................................11
Codin an lmae DocumenL...........................................................................................................12
Codin an Audio or a Video DocumenL..........................................................................................12
Codin a PDF DocumenL................................................................................................................1J
Assinin LxisLin Codes................................................................................................................15
Codin a Goole LarLh (GL) DocumenL..........................................................................................16
CreaLin a GL SnapshoL..................................................................................................................17
ReLrievin Coded DaLa...................................................................................................................17
CommenLs and Nemos...............................................................................................................19
WriLin CommenLs.........................................................................................................................19
WriLin Nemos...............................................................................................................................21
Some Fun (and Useul) 1hins Lo 1ry OuL...................................................................................2J
1ranscribin DaLa lnside A1LAS.Li...................................................................................................2J
Groupin DocumenLs - CreaLin Variables.....................................................................................24
NeLwork Views and Linkin........................................................................................................26
Lxplorin NeLwork Views................................................................................................................26
Linkin DaLa...................................................................................................................................26
Lxplorin and Queryin Your DaLa ............................................................................................J0
Simple ReLrieval..............................................................................................................................J0
Complex ReLrieval..........................................................................................................................J0
Cooccurrence Lxplorer....................................................................................................................J1
QuanLiLaLive ReLrieval in Lxcel FormaL............................................................................................J2
J A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
ObjecLives
Perhaps you have jusL downloaded Lhe Lrial version o A1LAS.Li 6 because you
are enerally curious abouL iLs possibiliLies. Or you are evaluaLin soLware
packaes or qualiLaLive daLa analysis. Or maybe you jusL purchased an
A1LAS.Li license and are now eaer Lo Lake your very irsL sLeps wiLh Lhe
proram.
1he !"#!$%&' ) *+',- ".+/ was desined wiLh users like yoursel in mind. lLs
main objecLives are Lo provide an iniLial orienLaLion or workin wiLh our
soLware, quickly acquainL you wiLh iLs mosL imporLanL eaLures, and
demonsLraLe some o iLs Lypical applicaLions.
1he Lour beins wiLh an overview o Lhe A1LAS.Li user inLerace and
demonsLraLes Lypical meLhods or workin wiLh Lhe various ile Lypes supporLed
by A1LAS.Li.
We will inLroduce Lhe essenLial processes o codin, memo wriLin, buildin
neLworks, and daLa reLrieval, and inally eL inLo more advanced LerriLory by
showin you how Lo creaLe and work wiLh variables. Alon Lhe way, you will
eL Lo know some special opLions such as Lranscribin your daLa direcLly wiLhin
Lhe proram and learn how Lo reLrieve daLa in dierenL ways.
For users who wanL Lo know more, we recommend 01&&'23 $&4/&15 6'&7
!"#!$%&' ) (orLhcomin online). 1his Lour will provide sLep-by-sLep uidance
Lhrouh Lypical projecL phases, rom projecL seLup Lo codin, manain, and
queryin your daLa.
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our 4
8asic ConcepLs
A1LAS.Li - 1he Knowlede Workbench
1he imae o our soLware as a "knowlede workbench" is more Lhan jusL a
lively analoy. AnalyLical work involves Lanible elemenLs: research maLerial
requires piecework, assembly, reworkin, complex layouLs, and some special
"Loolin". A well-sLocked workbench provides you wiLh Lhe necessary
insLrumenLs Lo Lhorouhly analyze and evaluaLe, search and query your daLa, Lo
capLure, visualize and share your indins.
SoLware or CreaLive Analysis?
Your Lypical projecL deals wiLh siLin Lhrouh lare seLs o diverse documenLs,
noLes, and mulLi-media iles, and examinin and comparin such sources wiLh
reard Lo a speciic line o inquiry.
While Lhe Lechnical side o selecLin and oranizin useul porLions o your daLa
mihL seem manaeable when dealin wiLh jusL a handul o source
documenLs, iL can Lend Lo become overwhelmin as Lhe number o sources
mounL.
LnLer a specialized soLware packae like A1LAS.Li: lL leLs you exLracL,
caLeorize, and inLerlink daLa semenLs rom a lare varieLy and volume o
source documenLs. 8ased on your analysis, Lhe soLware supporLs you in
discoverin paLLerns and LesLin hypoLheses. WiLh numerous ouLpuL opLions
and collaboraLion Lools, your analysis is easily accessible Lo yoursel and oLhers.
Some 8asic 1erms and ConcepLs
1o undersLand how A1LAS.Li handles daLa, visualize your enLire projecL as an
inLellienL "conLainer" LhaL keeps Lrack o all o your daLa. 1his conLainer is Lhe
A1LAS.Li projecL ile, called Lhe !"#$"%"&'() +%(' or !+ or shorL.
1he HU mainLains Lhe paLhways Lo your source daLa and sLores Lhe codes, code
amilies, neLwork views, eLc. LhaL you develop in Lhe course o your work.
1

Openin a HU auLomaLically acLivaLes all associaLed maLerial, Lhus sLreamlinin
your daLa and enablin you Lo work wiLh a sinle enLiLy.
Your source daLa can comprise '",' -.)&$"%'/ (such as inLerviews, arLicles,
reporLs); ($01"/ (phoLos, screenshoLs, diarams), 0&-(. #").#-(%1/ (inLerviews,
broadcasLs, music), 2(-". )3(4/ (audiovisual maLerial), 567 8(3"/ (papers,
brochures, reporLs), and even 1".-0'0 (locaLive daLa usin Goole LarLh).
Once you 0//(1% a daLa ile Lo your projecL, iL becomes a 5#($0#9 6.)&$"%'
which represenLs and conLains addiLional inormaLion abouL iLs source
1 lL may be useul Lo undersLand LhaL your source documenLs are noL acLually copied or imporLed inLo
Lhe HermeneuLic UniL. 1he HU conLains only /181/12,19 Lo Lhese iles. A1LAS.Li presenLs a
siniicanL advanLae over similar producLs in Lhis reard, as Lhe number and size o Lhe iles LhaL
can be included in your projecL is virLually unlimiLed.
5 A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
counLerparL (i.e. Lhe assined daLa ile). 1he paLhs Lo your daLa are mainLained
as parL o your projecL.
Once your various documenLs are assined, your real work can bein. NosL
commonly, early projecL sLaes involve ).-(%1 dierenL daLa sources.
Codin is Lhe basic acLiviLy you enae in when usin A1LAS.Li and is Lhe basis
o everyLhin else you will do. ln pracLical Lerms, codin reers Lo Lhe process o
assinin caLeories, concepLs, or "codes" Lo semenLs o inormaLion LhaL are
o inLeresL Lo your research objecLives. We have modeled Lhis uncLion Lo
correspond wiLh Lhe Lime-honored pracLice o $0#:(%1 (underlinin or
hihlihLin) and 0%%.'0'(%1 LexL passaes in a book or oLher documenLs.
ln iLs concepLual underpinnins, A1LAS.Li has drawn rom whaL mihL be called
an earlier "paper & pencil paradim." 1he user inLerace is desined
accordinly and many o iLs processes are based on (and Lhus can be beLLer
undersLood by) Lhis analoy.
8ecause o Lhis hihly inLuiLive desin principle, you will quickly come Lo
appreciaLe Lhe $0#1(% 0#"0 as one o your mosL cenLral and preerred
workspaces-even Lhouh A1LAS.Li usually oers a varieLy o ways Lo
accomplish any iven Lask.

Lquipped wiLh Lhis basic knowlede, you are now deiniLely ready Lo eL your
eeL weL and eL acquainLed wiLh A1LAS.Li.
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our 6
FirsL SLeps
1o eL acquainLed wiLh A1LAS.Li 6 quickly, you will be workin wiLh a sample
projecL LhaL we have already creaLed or you Lo experimenL wiLh.
;<" /0$43" 4#.=")' <0/ 03#"0-9 >""% ).4("- '. 9.&# ).$4&'"# -&#(%1
4#.1#0$ (%/'0330'(.% 0%-?.# @('< '<" &4-0'" '. 2ABACACCA !.@"2"#D 9.& )0%
03/. 8(%- (' .%3(%" 8.# -.@%3.0- 0' <''4E??@@@A0'30/'(A).$?/0$43"/A<'$3
1he ProjecL
Our sample projecL or Lhis Lour conLains a varieLy o daLa relaLed Lo Lhe evenLs
and persons surroundin Lhe mysLerious hisLorical iure o "Jack Lhe Ripper."
DierenL maLerials and daLa sources have been included in order Lo
demonsLraLe Lhe broad uncLionaliLy o A1LAS.Li. ln Lhe course o Lhis projecL,
you will be inLroduced Lo a number o ways in which Lhe proram can assisL in
your research.
1he sample consisLs o Lwo versions o Lhis projecL. 1he irsL is enLiLled "Jack Lhe
Ripper_sLae l." As iLs name suesLs, Lhis sample was creaLed Lo represenL an
earlier analyLical phase and iL conLains only a ew objecLs, such as codes or
memos. We will work wiLh Lhe sLae l projecL aL Lhe ouLseL o our Lour. LaLer,
when we move on Lo Lhe Lopics o neLwork views and daLa reLrieval, you will
be asked Lo open Lhe ile "Jack Lhe Ripper_sLae ll," which is already ully
coded.
1his Lour is desined as a hands-on inLroducLion. You're encouraed Lo ollow
alon and Lry all Lhe sLeps described in Lhese paes or yoursel. We hope LhaL
Lhis approach will allow you Lo quickly eL a eel or Lhe Lools A1LAS.Li places aL
your disposal, and or Lhe possibiliLies iL opens up or your own work.
And now, prepare Lo embark on a journey wiLh us back Lo Lhe oy sLreeLs o
London in Lhe year 1888...
SLarLin A1LAS.Li
SLarL A1LAS.Li by oin Lo F;GH; ? 5HIJHGKF and selecLin FLMNO;M7ML FI7;PGHN ?
G;QGFA;M BA Or double-click Lhe A1LAS.Li shorLcuL on your deskLop i you
selecLed Lhis opLion durin insLallaLion.
Once Lhe proram opens, you are reeLed by Lhe "Welcome Wizard" (unless
you have speciically disabled iL-in LhaL case, simply skip Lhe nexL ew sLeps).
ln Lhe backround, Lhe main workin space, Lhe HermeneuLic UniL (HU) LdiLor,
is already visible.
1he Wizard oers our opLions:
7 A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
SelecL "JusL conLinue" or now.
NexL, Lhe '1ip o Lhe Day' window will open (unless iL has been disabled in
JNONHGQ 5HN7NHNOLNF). ALer readin Lhe Lip, close Lhe window.
1o load Lhe sample projecL now, o Lo Lhe !NQ5 menu and selecL R+MLS;I+H ?
QIG6 TUGLS ;!N HM55NH F;GJN MV:
Now, iL is Lime Lo eL acquainLed wiLh Lhe A1LAS.Li user inLerace.
1he A1LAS.Li User lnLerace
1he main area o Lhe HU LdiLor displays Lhe A1LAS.Li loo, a backround
imae, and some licensin inormaLion.
AL Lhe Lop o Lhe screen, you will see Lhe LiLle bar, where Lhe name o Lhe
currenL projecL is displayed.
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our 8
lmmediaLely below Lhe LiLle bar are Lhe main menu and Lhe horizonLal Lool bar,
which conLains a number o shorLcuL icons. 8elow Lhe icons are our drop-
down lisLs or Lhe our main objecL Lypes in A1LAS.Li (rom leL Lo rihL):
! Primary DocumenLs or P-Docs
! QuoLes or QuoLaLions reer Lo selecLed daLa semenLs
! Codes and
! Nemos.
You can view Lhe objecLs lisLed in Lhe drop-down lisLs by clickin on Lhe small
arrow Lo Lhe rihL o Lhe lisL. All primary documenLs are numbered
consecuLively, i.e.: P1, P2, PJ, eLc., ollowed by Lhe name o Lhe documenL.
Clickin on an iLem in Lhe lisL will load a documenL's conLenL inLo Lhe HU
ediLor.
SelecL "PJ: 1_Jack Lhe Ripper SLory.rL" Lo load iL inLo Lhe HU ediLor.
1o Lhe rihL o Lhe documenL, Lhe marin area is visible. For now, Lhe marin is
empLy; however, iL will radually ill up in Lhe course o your work. 1o adjusL
Lhe size o Lhese Lwo main panes (Lhe documenL pane and Lhe marin area),
Lhe window spliLLer can be moved rom rihL Lo leL as needed.
Viewin Your Files - 1he Primary DocumenL Nanaer
ln addiLion Lo Lhe lisL view inLroduced above, you can also open a lisL o all
documenLs in a separaLe window called Lhe :/';4/< =.,+;12& >42431/. 1his
manaer conLains a number o addiLional uncLions.
1o open Lhe Primary DocumenL Nanaer, selecL Lhe main menu opLion
6IL+KNO;F ? 5HMKGHW 6IL KGOGJNH or click on Lhe P-Docs buLLon Lo Lhe leL o
Lhe drop-down lisL.
Double-click on P1 Lo selecL iL rom Lhe lisL. 1he audio ile will be loaded and
sLarL Lo play auLomaLically.
9 A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
1ry loadin Lhe oLher primary documenLs Lo become acquainLed wiLh Lhe
projecL and, even more imporLanLly, Lhe wide varieLy o ile ormaLs LhaL
A1LAS.Li supporLs: 1exL iles, PDF documenLs, audio, video and imae iles,
Goole LarLh and Goole LarLh snapshoLs.
O.'"E P15 is a Goole LarLh documenL. 1o view iL, Goole LarLh musL be
insLalled on your compuLer (hLLp://earLh.oole.com). As an alLernaLive, Lry
P16, Lhe Goole LarLh snapshoL.
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our 10
Codin
We are now oin Lo code our irsL documenL, in Lhis case a LexL ile. 8uL
ollowin LhaL we'll also Lry codin all Lhe oLher ile Lypes LhaL A1LAS.Li
supporLs, and you will see how asL and easy iL is.
While Lhe principles o codin are preLLy much Lhe same or any Lype o
documenL Lype, Lhere are cerLain Lechniques and specialiLies speciic Lo each
Lype LhaL you should be aware o.
Codin a 1exL DocumenL
Close Lhe Primary DocumenL Family Nanaer.
Now load PJ by selecLin iL rom Lhe P-Docs drop-down lisL.
Use your mouse Lo hihlihL Lhe irsL pararaph beinnin wiLh "Jack Lhe
Ripper...." and rihL-click on Lhe selecLed LexL.
SelecL LI6MOJ ? I5NO LI6MOJ rom Lhe conLexL menu.
LnLer a code name like "LxplanaLion o name" and click on Lhe OK buLLon. 1he
coded semenL is displayed in Lhe marin area. A brackeL marks Lhe size o Lhe
coded semenL (= quoLaLion) and Lhe code name appears nexL Lo iL.
Now, Lake a look aL Lhe drop-down lisLs or quoLes and codes. A new enLry will
be visible in each lisL.
11 A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
Codin an lmae DocumenL
Load an imae documenL (e.. P19), selecL a recLanular area and proceed Lo
code iL as described above.
Codin an Audio or a Video DocumenL
Load P7, Lhe shorL video showin Lhe locaLion o Lhe Chapman murder.
ln addiLion Lo Lhe Code Nanaer, open Lhe QuoLaLion Nanaer by clickin on
Lhe QuoLes buLLon. Re-size Lhe Lwo windows, so Lhey iL nexL Lo each oLher.
When you coded Lhe LexL and imae documenLs above, Lhe quoLaLions were
creaLed auLomaLically. 1his is noL Lhe case when codin audio and video iles.
ALer you mark an audio or video semenL (equivalenL Lo hihlihLin a piece
o LexL), you need Lo creaLe a quoLaLion beore a code can be assined.
You can mark a semenL's boundaries in Lhe Nedia ConLrol Window:
Nove Lhe cursor Lo Lhe sLarL posiLion on Lhe Lime line. Click Lhe buLLon "Nark
selecLion sLarL" (see below).
PosiLion Lhe cursor aL Lhe end poinL o Lhe quoLaLion. Click on Lhe "Nark
selecLion end" buLLon. 1hen click on Lhe "CreaLe QuoLaLion" buLLon.
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our 12
A new quoLaLion will be lisLed in Lhe QuoLaLion Nanaer wiLh Lhe lD 7:1. 1he
deaulL name or audio and video quoLaLions is Lhe documenL name. Lach
quoLaLion can, however, be renamed (rihL click on a quoLe and selecL Lhe
opLion HNOGKN).
1o code Lhe video quoLaLion, dra and drop a code rom Lhe Code Nanaer
onLo Lhe quoLaLion in Lhe QuoLaLion Nanaer (or vice versa). You can also
creaLe a new code in Lhe Code Nanaer (FNQNL; LI6NF ? LHNG;N 7HNN LI6N). When
you apply a code, Lhe quoLaLion counL behind Lhe code name will increase by
one.
1here is noL yeL a marin area or audio and video iles, Lhouh Lhis eaLure is is
on our lisL o uLure improvemenLs. WiLh Lhe currenL version, you can review
video quoLaLions aLer reLrievin Lhem via Lheir codes (i.e., by double-clickin
on a code in Lhe Code Nanaer). Or rihL click on Lhe black backround. 1here
you will ind Lhe opLion: F!IP QMOSF.
Codin a PDF DocumenL
Load P6 by selecLin iL rom Lhe P-Docs drop-down lisL.
8ecause PDF documenLs have a pae-based ormaL, only one pae can be
viewed aL a Lime in Lhe primary documenL pane. 1o naviaLe beLween paes:
Click on Lhe Pae buLLon aL Lhe boLLom rihL o your screen.
1o adjusL Lhe size o Lhe PDF documenL, click on Lhe Size buLLon.
Codin a PDF documenL is essenLially Lhe same as codin .rL, .doc or .LxL
iles. SelecLin a LexL passae in PDF documenLs does require jusL a biL more
pracLice, and perhaps inesse. Placin your cursor Loo ar Lo Lhe leL o Lhe LexL,
will resulL in Lhe selecLion o a recLanular raphical imae insLead o Lhe acLual
LexL semenL. 1his Lechnique may be useul i you wish Lo code imaes or parL
o an imae in a PDF documenL.
1J A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
1o selecL a sLrin o LexL, place Lhe cursor direcLly Lo Lhe leL o Lhe irsL leLLer.
1ry codin a ew LexL passaes in Lhe PDF ile.
Now experimenL wiLh selecLin a raphical imae in Lhe PDF ile: SelecL and
code Lhe picLure o Lhe vicLim Nary-Ann Nichols.
O.'"E lL is possible Lo modiy Lhe lenLh or size o each coded semenL in all
daLa ile ormaLs. You can unlink codes, aLLach new codes, aLLach mulLiple
codes Lo one semenL or code overlappin semenLs. 1his is explained in Lhe
J"''(%1 F'0#'"- @('< G;QGFA'( B Lour.
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our 14
Assinin LxisLin Codes
8y now you have enLered a number o codes and may wanL Lo bein Lo assin
some o your codes Lo oLher LexL passaes. 1he easiesL way Lo do Lhis is by
usin Lhe Code Nanaer.
Open Lhe Code Nanaer by selecLin LI6NF ? LI6N KGOGJNH rom Lhe main
menu. Or click on Lhe Codes buLLon nexL Lo Lhe drop-down lisL or codes.
ln Lhe manaer, you will see a lisL o your exisLin codes (includin your own
codes) LoeLher wiLh some addiLional inormaLion.
PosiLion Lhe documenL pane and Code Nanaer so LhaL Lhe LexL occupies
abouL one Lhird o Lhe screen. Leave some space aL Lhe rihL Lo view your
codes in Lhe marin area. PosiLion Lhe Code Nanaer aL Lhe ar rihL o your
screen.
For Lhe Lime bein, we will work wiLh Lhe Code Nanaer in sinle column
view: SelecL Lhe opLion XMNP ? FMOJQN LIQ+KO.
ln Lhis view, Lhe names o codes are ollowed by Lwo numbers. 1he irsL
number Lells you how oLen a code has been applied; Lhe second number reers
Lo Lhe number o links beLween iL and oLher codes. Linkin codes is described in
more deLail in Lhe secLion on neLwork views below.
For insLance, Lhe code 2()'($Y").%.$() /('&0'(.% Z[ \ ]^ has been applied Lo
Lwo LexL passaes and is noL linked Lo any oLher codes (as indicaLed by Lhe
zero).
ln order Lo assin an exisLin code, hihlihL a piece o LexL, selecL Lhe
appropriaLe code in Lhe Code Nanaer, and dra & drop iL inLo Lhe documenL
pane.
15 A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
Codin a Goole LarLh (GL) DocumenL
Load Lhe GL documenL P15. 1his may Lake a while, dependin on Lhe speed o
your lnLerneL connecLion.
While workin wiLh GL documenLs, Lry reducin Lhe main workspace size Lo
leave some space Lo Lhe rihL or leL or oLher A1LAS.Li windows.
1he manaers or quoLaLions and codes should sLill be open. PosiLion Lhem Lo
rihL o Lhe GL ediLor, e.. sLacked on Lop o each oLher. Now we are ready Lo
"ly" Lo a speciic locaLion and seL A1LAS.Li Las:
ln Lhe "Fly 1o" ield, Lype Lhe ollowin locaLion: "Jack Lhe Ripper murder
siLes." A lisL wiLh links Lo speciic poinLs will appear. SelecL, or example, Lhe
locaLion "JLR - Annie Chapman's body."
1o seL a quoLaLion, double-click a speciic poinL on Lhe map LhaL is noL already
seL as a La. 1hen selecL R+I;G;MIOF ? LHNG;N 7HNN R+I;G;MIO eiLher rom Lhe main
menu or rom Lhe QuoLaLion Nanaer menu. Or click on Lhe quoLes buLLon in
Lhe verLical Lool bar (icon aL leL). 1he ollowin new enLry will appear
immediaLely in Lhe QuoLaLion Nanaer:
Like wiLh audio and video quoLaLions, Lhe ile name becomes Lhe quoLaLion's
name. 1he eoraphic reerence is visible in parenLheses.
Now chane Lhe name o Lhis quoLaLion, e.. Lo "SiLe o Crime: Annie
Chapman".
ln order Lo view Lhe A1LAS.Li La and name in Lhe GL ediLor, Lhe documenL
musL be reloaded: Open Lhe drop-down window or P-Docs and click on P15
or hold down Lhe ShiL key and click on Lhe P-Docs buLLon. And voila, Lhe new
quoLaLion will appear:
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our 16
A new enLry is also added Lo Lhe 530)"/ secLion o Lhe GL ediLor in Lhe lower
leL pane.
1o code Lhis new GL quoLaLion, dra & drop a code rom Lhe Code Nanaer
onLo Lhe quoLaLion in Lhe QuoLaLion Nanaer (jusL like you did Lo code audio
and video quoLaLions).
You can also creaLe a quoLaLion and code iL direcLly. SelecL a poinL on Lhe map
by double-clickin. 1hen selecL LI6NF ? LI6MOJ ? I5NO LI6MOJ or LI6N _W QMF;,
dependin on wheLher you would like Lo enLer a new code or assin an exisLin
code. AlLernaLively, you can use Lhe verLical Lool bar buLLons shown aL Lhe leL.
CreaLin a GL SnapshoL
1o produce an imae documenL LhaL includes your A1LAS.Li Las:
Click on Lhe arrow nexL Lo Lhe older buLLon in Lhe main/horizonLal Loolbar and
selecL Lhe opLion ONP JN FOG5F!I; 56.
1he newly creaLed PD will be immediaLely added Lo your projecL. Open Lhe lisL
o primary documenLs and ind P22.
O.'"E P16 was irsL exporLed as a .jp ile usin Lhe opLion LHNG;N JN FOG5F!I;
`6. 1he red circle was added usin a dierenL applicaLion and Lhe documenL
was Lhen assined Lo Lhe projecL.
ReLrievin Coded DaLa
1o reLrieve coded quoLaLions, double-click on a code in Lhe code manaer LhaL
has been applied more Lhan once. A lisL o Lhe code's quoLaLions will appear
and you can browse Lhrouh Lhe quoLaLions and view Lhem in Lheir respecLive
documenLs (simply click on a quoLaLion Lo view iL in iLs oriinal conLexL).
17 A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
ln Lhe example shown above, our quoLaLions are lisLed, Lwo rom P5 (5:5 and
5:9 and Lwo rom P8 (8:1 and 8:2).
O.'"E l a code has been applied only once, Lhe coded passae will immediaLely
appear hihlihLed in conLexL; audio or video semenLs will be played
auLomaLically.
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our 18
CommenLs and Nemos
All objecLs in A1LAS.Li can be commenLed. As you have probably uessed, a
commenL is a shorL noLe.
CommenLs are always Lied Lo oLher objecLs; Lhey never sLand alone. Nemos,
on Lhe oLher hand, are independenL objecLs LhaL can be linked Lo oLher objecLs
or used as ree, sLand-alone memos. Nemos can also be assined as primary
documenLs. Given Lhese consideraLions, you can see LhaL commenLs and
memos serve clearly dierenL purposes. Nore on memos below.
CommenLs can be wriLLen or all objecL Lypes. Here are Lhe mosL common
Lypes and how you would requenLly use commenLs wiLh Lhem:
! L.$$"%'/ 8.# 5\6.)/E Can include meLa inormaLion abouL Lhe documenL,
e.., a source reerence, commenLs on an inLerview siLuaLion, eLc.
! L.$$"%'/ 8.# a&.'0'(.%/E NoLes on a parLicular quoLaLions, LhouhLs LhaL
occur durin analysis, descripLions o video quoLaLions, eLc.
! L.$$"%'/ 8.# ).-"/E Code deiniLions, codin criLeria or a parLicular code.
! L.$$"%'/ 8.# '<" !+ 8(3"E CommenLs or A1LAS.Li projecL iles can conLain
projecL descripLions.
! L.$$"%'/ 8.# %"'@.#: 2("@/E NeLwork view descripLions.
! L.$$"%'/ 8.# T80$(3("/VE DescripLions o objecL roups.
WriLin CommenLs
Naximize Lhe HU LdiLor window. Close Lhe manaers or codes and quoLes.
Open Lhe P-Docs Nanaer. 1here you will see LhaL nearly every documenL has
already been commenLed. CommenLs are indicaLed by Lhe Lilde symbol
ollowin each objecL LiLle (~). You can read Lhe commenL in Lhe boLLom
manaer pane.
19 A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
Open Lhe Code Nanaer, selecL a code and wriLe a deiniLion or Lhis codes.
1he commenL is auLomaLically saved i you click on anoLher code in Lhe lisL.
Close Lhe Code Nanaer.
NexL, we will see how Lo wriLe a commenL or quoLaLions. SelecL PJ and click
on Lhe code "LxplanaLion o name" in Lhe marin area, Lhis will hihlihL Lhe
correspondin LexL semenL in Lhe primary documenL. RihL-click on Lhe
hihlihLed LexL and selecL Lhe opLion N6M; LIKKNO; rom Lhe conLexL menu.
1his causes a LexL ediLor Lo appear in which you can enLer a commenL or Lhe
quoLaLion.
Save Lhe commenL by pressin CLrl+S or selecL LIKKNO; ? FGXN rom Lhe ediLor
menu and close Lhe window. 1he quoLaLion brackeL in Lhe marin will now
appear wiLh a Lrianle in iLs upper corner. l you open Lhe QuoLaLion Nanaer,
Lhe quoLaLion's name will be preceded by a Lilde symbol.
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our 20
O.'"E You can creaLe an ouLpuL o all commenLed quoLaLions or include
objecLs' commenLs in oLher ouLpuL orms.
Close Lhe QuoLaLion Nanaer.
Finally, Lake a look aL Lhe HU commenL wriLLen or Lhis sample projecL by
clickin on Lhe speech balloon icon in Lhe main Lool bar.
WriLin Nemos
Open Lhe Nemo Nanaer and selecL Lhe opLion KNKIF ? LHNG;N 7HNN KNKI,
which will cause Lhe Nemo LdiLor Lo appear.
LnLer a concise, useul LiLle in Lhe irsL enLry ield Lo replace Lhe deaulL headin
(e.. SoLware LvaluaLion). SelecL an appropriaLe memo Lype in Lhe second
enLry ield, or add a new Lype as needed, e.. "Analysis."
1o bein Lhis memo, you can enLer Lhe currenL daLe and Lime by pressin
CLrl+D. Now, wriLe a ew senLences abouL whaL you have learned abouL
A1LAS.Li so ar:
Save your enLry by pressin CLrl+S or by clickin Lhe Save buLLon.
Now creaLe a second memo. LnLer a LiLle such as: "CommonaliLies o vicLims"
and save Lhe memo.
21 A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
l Lhis sample projecL were ully coded, you could call up all LexL semenLs
perLainin Lo characLerisLics o Lhe vicLims and analyze Lhese commonaliLies in a
memo. LeL's preLend LhaL Lhis has already happened; you have wriLLen a memo
and now wanL Lo link iL Lo a quoLaLion LhaL supporLs your own analysis:
1o aLLach Lhis memo Lo a coded LexL semenL: Open P6 and click on a code in
Lhe marin area Lo hihlihL iLs correspondin quoLaLion. Dra Lhe memo onLo
Lhe hihlihLed LexL jusL as you did Lo code daLa usin Lhe Code Nanaer.
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our 22
Some Fun (and Useul) 1hins Lo 1ry OuL
1ranscribin DaLa lnside A1LAS.Li
A1LAS.Li can be used Lo Lranscribe your audio and video maLerial. Nore
precisely, Lhe Lranscribin uncLion is a useul "by-producL" o Lhe new
"AssociaLed DocumenLs" eaLure, i.e. Lhe synchronizaLion o a mulLimedia ile
wiLh iLs correspondin LexL ile. 1o see Lhis eaLure in acLion, proceed as ollows.
Load "P2: 1ranscripL_Jack Lhe Ripper lnLroducLion" in Lhe HU LdiLor. 1his is Lhe
LranscripL o Lhe audio ile P1. 1he red doLs are Lhe associaLion poinLs LhaL link
Lhe LranscripL Lo Lhe audio ile.
Close or minimize Lhe Primary DocumenL Nanaer Lo opLimize Lhe space on
your screen.
1o view Lhe associaLions beLween P1 and P2, open Lhe AssociaLion LdiLor rom
Lhe main menu G\6ILF ? N6M; GFFILMG;MIO.
Double-click on Lhe various associaLion poinLs. 1his will hihlihL dierenL
semenLs o Lhe documenL. Press Lhe F4 buLLon Lo lisLen Lo associaLed audio
semenLs.
1o view Lhe LexL o Lhe LranscripL and Lhe audio simulLaneously:
ln Lhe main menu, selecL G\6ILF ? FWOL!HI KI6N.
Open Lhe menu aain and selecL G\6ILF ? SGHGISN. Click on Lhe irsL associaLion
poinL in Lhe AssociaLion LdiLor, Lhen press F4.
Once you've inished experimenLin wiLh Lhis eaLure, sLop Lhe audio ile in Lhe
Nedia ConLrol window.
2J A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
Groupin DocumenLs - CreaLin Variables
Dependin on your daLa, you may wanL Lo include a comparison o dierenL
roups based on caLeories such as ender, proession, ae, income, locaLion,
as well as daLa Lypes and sources.
A1LAS.Li oers a eaLure LhaL allows you Lo roup your documenLs accordin
Lo Lhe criLeria you speciy: Lhe "documenL amily". ln similar prorams, Lhis
eaLure oes by Lhe name o "variables" or "daLa aLLribuLes."
NeverLheless, as we see iL, Lhe Lerm "amily" is a suiLable analoy wiLh reard
Lo Lhis eaLure's uncLionaliLy in A1LAS.Li. As in lie, so in A1LAS.Li: complex,
mulLiple memberships are a realiLy.
1hus, you can roup a sinle documenL inLo various amilies, or insLance:
"Gender:: emale" / "Proession:: Leacher" / "Ae roup:: J1 - 40", and so
on.
Simply ollow Lhese sLeps:
Close Lhe Nedia ConLrol window and Lhe AssociaLion LdiLor.
From Lhe main menu selecL Lhe opLion 6IL+KNO;F ? N6M; 7GKMQMNF ? I5NO 7GKMQW
KGOGJNHA
CreaLe a new amily by selecLin Lhe opLion 7GKMQMNF ? ONP 7GKMQW or click on Lhe
buLLon or creaLin a new objecL (see leL).
LnLer a name o your irsL A1LAS.Li amily; Lry "VicLims" ouL or sLarLers and Lo
conLinue wiLh Lhe nexL sLep. Click OK.
HihlihL Lhe amily "VicLims." 1hen selecL P5 Lo P10 aL Lhe boLLom rihL o
Lhe Family Nanaer. Now click Lhe buLLon wiLh Lhe arrow poinLin Lo Lhe leL.
1his will add all documenLs LhaL perLain Lo Jack Lhe Ripper's vicLims Lo Lhis
amily.
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our 24
DocumenL amilies can be used as ilLers, or example Lo creaLe an ouLpuL o
only a parLicular subseL o your daLa. 1hey are also very useul when used in
combinaLion wiLh Lhe query Lool Lo hypoLhesize abouL your daLa. 1hese
eaLures will be explained Lowards Lhe end o Lhis Lour.
O.'"E l you double-click on a amily, Lhe amily will be seL as a ilLer. Double-
click aain Lo remove Lhe ilLer or selecL Nb;HGF ? HNFN; GQQ 7MQ;NHF rom Lhe main
menu.
25 A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
NeLwork Views and Linkin
VisualizaLion can be a key elemenL in discoverin connecLions beLween
concepLs, inLerpreLin your indins, and eecLively communicaLin your
resulLs. NeLwork views in A1LAS.Li allow you Lo accomplish all Lhree o Lhese
imporLanL objecLives. 1hese small semenLs o your larer web o analysis are
modeled usin Lhe NeLwork View LdiLor, an inLuiLive workspace LhaL we also
like Lo Lhink is easy on Lhe eye.
Lxplorin NeLwork Views
1he nexL exercise requires LhaL we work wiLh daLa in a laLer sLae o analysis,
i.e., a projecL ile LhaL conLains a ew more codes and some neLwork views.
Click !NQ5 on Lhe main menu and selecL Lhe projecL "Jack Lhe Ripper_sLae ll"
rom Lhe R+MLS ;I+H submenu.
Click on Lhe main menu opLion ON;PIHSF ? ON;PIHS XMNP KGOGJNH. SelecL Lhe
NeLwork View "RQ5: Who was Jack Lhe Ripper?".
NeLwork views conLain a wide varieLy o eaLures and opLions. Here is jusL a
samplin Lo eL you sLarLed:
! Nove an objecL by selecLin iL and drain iL Lo dierenL locaLions in Lhe
neLwork view. RihL-click on a code or a link Lo view a series o opLions in
Lhe conLexL menu.
! LisLen Lo an audio quoLaLion (indicaLed by a small loudspeaker icon) by
double-clickin on iL in Lhe neLwork.
! Lxplore dierenL 6MF5QGW opLions. For insLance, selecL 6MF5QGW ? FN; LIQIHF ?
+FN LIQIHN6 QG_NQ or +FN GF OI6N LIQIH A
ALer you have experimenLed wiLh some o Lhese eaLures, close Lhe neLwork
view. SelecL OI when asked i you would like Lo save your chanes.
1ake a look aL Lhe oLher Lwo neLwork views lisLed in Lhe NeLwork View
Nanaer.
Linkin DaLa
Now we will learn how Lo creaLe new links beLween objecLs.
Close Lhe NeLwork View Nanaer.
Open Lhe Code Nanaer. SelecL a code in Lhe Code Nanaer and Lhen enLer
Lhe leLLer H Lo jump Lo Lhe irsL code in Lhe lisL LhaL beins wiLh R. 1his is Lhe
main caLeory code: RLASON RLLLASLD. ConLinue down Lo Lhe blue caLeory:
RLASON SUSPLC1LD and selecL Lhe code: "reason: could have been Lhere (15
- 2)".
1he numbers behind Lhe code Lell you LhaL iL has been applied 15 Limes
(double-click on Lhe code Lo see a lisL o iLs quoLes) and LhaL iL has been linked
Lo Lwo oLher codes. 1o see Lhese links, selecL Lhe NeLwork View buLLon in Lhe
Lool bar o Lhe Code Nanaer (see imae below).
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our 26
DierenL display ormaLs are available in neLwork views. l you do noL see ull
LexL relaLions as shown below, selecL Lhe opLion "Nenu label" in Lhe NeLwork
View LdiLor under Display / Link Display
27 A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
Place Lhe NeLwork View LdiLor in a convenienL workin locaLion and add a ew
codes Lo Lhis neLwork view by drain Lhem rom Lhe Code Nanaer inLo Lhe
NeLwork View LdiLor. l you selecL a code LhaL has already been linked Lo one
o Lhe codes in Lhe NeLwork View, Lhe link will be shown auLomaLically.
Now selecL a code and click on Lhe Link buLLon in Lhe Loolbar. A red "rubber
band" will appear and you cursor will be shown as a cross. Nove your cursor
onLo anoLher code and click on iL.
1his will open a lisL o deaulL relaLions, as well as a ew new relaLions creaLed
or Lhis projecL. SelecL one o Lhese relaLions.
Now Lhe Lwo codes are linked.
RihL-click on Lhe name o Lhe link Lo view some addiLional opLions. For
example, you can add a commenL Lo Lhe relaLion or lip Lhe direcLion o Lhe
link. 1his o course only applies Lo non-symmeLrical relaLions. For symmeLrical
relaLions, such as "is associaLed wiLh," lippin Lhe link will noL make a
dierence. lL is also possible Lo selecL a dierenL relaLion or Lo cuL Lhe link.
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our 28
Close Lhe window and selecL OI when asked i you would like Lo save Lhe
NeLwork View. 1he new links you have creaLed will be saved, buL your chanes
Lo Lhe neLwork view will be discarded.
O.'"E NeLwork Views can be exporLed as raphic iles and inserLed inLo oLher
applicaLions, or you can copy and pasLe Lhem inLo Word or PowerPoinL iles.
You can creaLe any number o new relaLions and chane Lhe properLies o Lhe
links. 1he links can be displayed in dierenL colors and widLhs as Lhose shown
in Lhe neLwork view RQ5. 1he nodes can be displayed wiLh or wiLhouL biLmaps.
ln addiLion, node labels or boxes can be shown in user-deined code colors.
Code colors can be seL in Lhe Code Nanaer.
Speciic relaLions wiLh deinable properLies can be used or code-code links and
or quoLaLion-quoLaLion links, i.e. "hyperlinks." All oLher objecL relaLions are
simple links wiLh no aLLribuLes and are shown as a plain line.
29 A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
Lxplorin and Queryin Your DaLa
1here are a number o ways Lo query your daLa. Four are discussed below. 1he
classic approach is Lo use Lhe caLeories creaLed in Lhe course o your analysis:
Lhe researcher mihL ormulaLe dierenL quesLions or hypoLheses perLainin Lo
a speciic code.
Simple ReLrieval
You are already amiliar wiLh Lhis uncLion. Double-click on a code in Lhe Code
Nanaer Lo call up a lisL o iLs quoLaLions.
1o ouLpuL Lhese quoLaLions as rich LexL documenL, selecL I+;5+; ? R+I;G;MIOF
7IH FNQNL;N6 LI6N (rom Lhe Code Nanaer menu). Send Lhe ouLpuL Lo: N6M;IH.
Review Lhe ouLpuL conLenL and close Lhe ediLor.
Close Lhe Code Nanaer.
Complex ReLrieval
For more complex reLrievals based on mulLiple codes, use Lhe Query 1ool.
SelecL Lhe main menu opLion ;IIQF ? R+NHW ;IIQ.
For example, we can consider how Lhe police invesLiaLion o Lhe WhiLe Chapel
murders may have conLribuLed Lo Lhe leendary sLaLus o "Jack Lhe Ripper."
Double-click on Lhe code amily "lnvesLiaLion" (1.). Double-click on Lhe code
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our J0
1he resulLs or Lhis query are shown in Lhe resulL pane (4.). 1he number o
resulLs is shown in Lhe boLLom leL corner o Lhe window. 1o display Lhe resulLs
in conLexL, click on each quoLaLion.
1o creaLe an ouLpuL o Lhese resulLs, click on Lhe prinLer buLLon (5.). 1ry
experimenLin wiLh Lhe dierenL ouLpuL opLions.
LeL's enLer a second query: Click on Lhe buLLon C (CLLAR) aL Lhe Lop o Lhe
query Lool. Double-click on Lhe code amily "SuspecLs," which will display Lhe
47 quoLaLions in Lhis amily.
1hen click on Lhe Scope buLLon aL Lhe boLLom rihL o Lhe query Lool Lo ilLer
Lhe resulLs or audio quoLaLions. ln Lhe "Scope o Query" window, selecL Lhe
primary documenL amily "lnvesLiaLion: audio iles" as your ilLer.
ln Lhe resulL pane, you will see LhaL 1J o Lhe 47 quoLaLions are audio
quoLaLions.
O.'"E 1he Scope buLLon in Lhe Query 1ool allows you Lo combine code queries
wiLh variables. ln a dierenL daLa seL, you mihL ormulaLe a query Lo show
you all quoLaLion in which emales beLween Lhe aes o 20 and 29 discuss Lheir
aLLiLudes Lowards Lhe environmenL. Or you mihL ask A1LAS.Li Lo ive you all
quoLaLions rom 8
Lh
rade boys rom school X relaLed Lo Lheir experiences wiLh
a speciic compuLer ame.
Cooccurrence Lxplorer
1he Cooccurrence Lxplorer allows Lo ask a dierenL Lype o quesLions. Usin
Lhis Lool, you can ask A1LAS.Li Lo show you all codes LhaL co-occur across all o
your primary documenLs. 1he resulL is a cross-LabulaLion o all codes.
lnsLead o cross-LabulaLin all projecL codes, iL is oLen more meaninul Lo
apply ilLers or cerLain codes and documenLs in order Lo concenLraLe on a more
speciic seL o concepLs. 1he ouLpuL o Lhe Cooccurrence Lxplorer can be
displayed in a Lree view or a daLa maLrix.
LeL's Lake a look aL Lhe ull daLa maLrix or Lhis sample projecL:
Close Lhe Query 1ool window.
SelecL ;IIQF ? LIILL+HHNOLN ;IIQF? ;G_QN Nb5QIHNH. 1he Lable shown below
displays c-coeicienLs alonside Lhe co-occurrence requencies as a measure o
Lhe sLrenLh beLween Lwo codes. 1he coeicienL values lie beLween 0 and 1.
Click on Lhe c-coeicienLs buLLon Lo view Lhese values as well.
J1 A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
Click on a cell Lo view Lhe lisL o co-occurrin quoLaLions. SelecL a quoLaLion Lo
display iL in conLexL.
QuanLiLaLive ReLrieval in Lxcel FormaL
A number o uncLions oer Lhe opLion Lo ouLpuL your resulLs in an Lxcel Lable.
1wo o Lhem are shown below.
For example, you can exporL Lhe Cooccurrence 1able LhaL you jusL creaLed Lo
an Lxcel ile.
ln Lhe Cooccurrence 1able Loolbar, click on Lhe buLLon: "LxporL Lhe Lable Lo
Lxcel" shown in Lhe iure above. ln Lhe nexL menu, selecL Lhe ouLpuL opLion
7MQN c H+OA LnLer a new ile name or use Lhe deaulL LiLle; save Lhe ile and waiL
or iL Lo load.
AnoLher Lxcel ouLpuL provided by A1LAS.Li is Lhe Codes-Primary DocumenL
Lable. lL lisLs Lhe requency o all (or selecLed codes) by documenLs (or
documenL roups).
FirsL, selecL a code roup and Lhen a documenL roup beore creaLin Lhis
Lable. ObjecL roups can be creaLed usin whaL we call "amilies" in A1LAS.Li.
SelecL Lhe main menu opLion LI6NF ? 7MQ;NH ? 7GKMQMNF ? KI6+F I5NHGO6MA Open up
Lhe Code Nanaer, which now only displays Lhe codes conLained in Lhis amily.
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our J2
SelecL Lhe main menu opLion 6IL+KNO;F ? 7MQ;NH ? 7GKMQMNF ? dUGLS ;!N HM55NHYF;GJN
MMA Now open up Lhe Primary DocumenL Nanaer. 1he lisL has been reduced Lo
Lhe currenL amily ilLer.
SelecL LI6NF ? I+;5+; ? LI6NF\5HMKGHW 6IL+KNO; ;G_QN. ln Lhe "Send ouLpuL Lo:"
window, selecL Lhe opLion: 7MQN GO6 H+O. SelecL a name and locaLion or Lhe Lxcel
ile (or use Lhe deaulL seLLins) and waiL or Lxcel Lo open.
O.'"E 1o undo all ilLers, selecL Nb;HGF ? HNFN; GQQ 7MQ;NHF
JJ A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our
!"# %&'()* ' +,'-.
ConraLulaLions, you have now reached Lhe end o Lhe G;QGFA'( R&(): ;.&#.
ALer workin Lhrouh Lhese exercises, you should now have a ood rasp o
Lhe main uncLions in A1LAS.Li 6. You should be able Lo assess how powerul a
Lool iL is, and have a ood idea how producLively iL can be puL Lo use in your
day-Lo-day work.
We Lhank you or Lakin Lhe Lime Lo eL Lo know our producL and hope LhaL
Lhis demonsLraLion o iLs core uncLionaliLy has convinced you LhaL A1LAS.Li 6 is
Lhe rihL soLware or your needs.
A1LAS.Li 6 - Quick 1our J4