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4x4 House by Tadao Ando

Project Description:
An important part of the concept of the 4x4 House, is not only the light and the water but also the sound of the wind.
The house combines a rigorous use of geometry with the interest of creating an architecture that in this case becomes
part of the sea.
Year of construction: 2003
Land Area: 117.19 sq. meters
Floor Area: 22.56 sq. meters
Location: Tarumi- ku, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan
Materials: concrete, glass and wood
Differences of the 1st and 2nd house:
1
st
2
nd

Staircase Elevator
Concrete Concrete and wood
Relevant Information:

The structure was made of reinforced concrete;
Design 2001-2002;
Construction 2002-2003;
Site area 65 square meters (700 square feet);
Engineers Naoto Kashimoto & Takao Mizogushi;
General Contractor Nakata Construction Corporation;
Landscape consultants Julie Bargman

Tadao Ando
Japanese architect Tadao Ando spent his early years as a professional boxer and truck driver, until he changed course,
taught himself architecture and eventually became one of the Great Fathers of contemporary. Ando has completed an
almost endless list of buildings both in Japan and other countries, and his buildings all demonstrate the celebration of
classical beauty: austere, yet complex compositions of geometric shapes, impressive in situ concrete elements and
striking daylight effects are among Ando's trademarks became one of the Great Fathers of contemporary architecture.
I believe that the way people live can be directed a little by architecture-Tadao Ando



Site plan: Sections:


Bianchi Residence by Mario Botta
THE BIANCHI RESIDENCE WAS DESIGNED FOR A SWISS COUPLE, CARLO AND LEONTINA BIANCHI.
THE BUILDING WAS MADE IN MIND OF SUPPORTING TWO CHILDREN.
THE BIANCHI RESIDENCE WAS BUILT IN THE RURAL UPLAND AREA OF SWITZERLAND
IT WAS BUILT IN 1971 NEAR LAKE LAGUNO AT THE CANTON OF TICINO CLOSE TO RIVA SAN VITALE
ITS EXACT COORDINATES ARE 45552 N, 85810E

MARIO BOTTA
WAS BORN IN APRIL 1, 1943
A SWISS ARCHITECT
STARTED DESIGNING AT THE AGE OF 16
STUDIED IN LICEO, ARTISICO, A SECONDARY SCHOOL AND SPECIALIZES IN ART
WENT TO UIAV, A UNIVERSITY FOR ARTS, ARCHITECTURE, AND URBAN PLANNING
DESIGN ARE OFTEN GEOMETRIC WITH A SENSE OF DIFFERENT SHAPES AND VOLUMES

THE BEDROOM OF THE HOUSE WAS INTENTIONALLY PLACED
BELOW THE ENTRANCE SO THAT THE COUPLE CARLO AND
LEONTINA BIANCHI CAN ACT AS THE GATEKEEPERS.

THE BIANCHI RESIDENCE WAS COINED AN UPSIDE DOWN
HOUSE BECAUSE ITS STAIRCASE AND ENTRANCE IS
LOCATED AT THE ROOF OF THE RESIDENCE.

THE BUILDING WAS DESIGNED TO CAPTURE THE GREAT
VIEW OF ITS LOCATION.




THE METAL BRIDGE CONNECTS AND MAKES THE PHYSICAL RELATIONSHIP OF THE BUILDING AND THE MOUNTAIN.

THE RESIDENCE OF THE BIANCHIS ARE MOSTLY COMPOSED OF VERTICAL GEOMETRIC SLABS OF MASS, THEREFORE
REGAINING ITS IMPORTANCE WHEN COMPARED TO THE VERTICALITY OF THE MOUNTAINS

THE DESIGN OF THE BIANCHI RESIDENCE IS STILL CURRENT FOR ITS AGE.

Falling Water by Frank Lloyd Wright

Project description:
It was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright for the Kaufmann family.
Fallingwater was built between 1936and 1939.
The Fallingwater is a house that stretches over a 30 waterfall.
There were four materials used to build the Fallingwater - sandstone, reinforced concrete, steel and glass.

Location:
Fallingwater is located in southwest Pennsylvanias Laurel Highlands.
The house is located along PA Route 381 between the villages of Mill Run and Ohiopyle. Connellsville,
Pennsylvania

Frank Lloyd Wright
June 8, 1867 - April 9, 1959
Frank designed structures that were in harmony with humanity and the environment. One of them being the
Fallingwater. He called this philosophy Organic Architecture.
Wright was recognized in 1991 by the American Institute of Architects as "the greatest American architect of all
time"


Farnsworth House by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
The Farnsworth House was designed and constructed by
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe between 1945-51. It is a one-
room weekend retreat in a once-rural setting, located 55
miles (89 km) southwest of Chicago's downtown on a 60-
acre (24 ha) estate site, adjoining the Fox River, south of
the city of Plano, Illinois. The steel and glass house was
commissioned by Dr. Edith Farnsworth, a prominent
Chicago nephrologist, as a place where she could engage in
her hobbies: playing the violin, translating poetry, and
enjoying nature. Mies created a 1,500-square-foot (140 m2)
house that is widely recognized as an iconic masterpiece of
International Style of architecture. The home was
designated a National Historic Landmark in 2006, after
joining the National Register of Historic Places in 2004. The
house is currently owned and operated as a house museum by the historic preservation group, National Trust for
Historic Preservation.


In September 2008, the house was flooded by rains from the remnants of Hurricane Ike. Water levels reached about 18
inches (46 cm) above the floor and the 5 foot (1.5 m) stilts upon which the house rests. Much of the furniture was saved
by elevating it above the flood waters. The house was closed to the public for the remainder of 2008 for repairs and
reopened for public visitation in spring 2009.

Location: 14520 River Rd, Plano, Illinois 60545, United States

Ludwig Mies van de Rohe
March 27, 1886 August 17, 1969
One of the pioneering masters of modern architecture.
He is often associated with his quotation of the aphorisms, "less is more" and "God is in the details".

Architecture epitomises the human beings spatial confrontation with his environment; it expresses how he
asserts himself in it and how he manages to master it. Mies van de Rohe


Sea Ranch Condominium by Charles Willard Moore

Project Description:
Inspiration: Local Agriculture
Buildings are a hybrid of modern and vernacular architecture
AKA Third bay tradition AKA Sea ranch Style
- 300 full time residents
2400 homes
Unincorporated community
Census designated place
Popular vacation spot

Location: USA, California County: Sonoma
38 degrees 42 55 NORTH
123 degrees 27 16 WEST

AR. Charles Willard Moore
Birth place: Benton Harbor, Michigan
School: University of Michigan, BS
Architecture
Princeton University, PhD
Other projects: California Yale Building

Site plan location:
Moore designed the Sea Ranch Condominium in such a way that the building becomes part of the landscape, and not
subordinate or be dominant over the other.
EX: The unpainted woods : Which subdue the appearance of the building in the landscape.

Villa Capra La Rotunda by Andrea Palladio

Project description:

Background: The Villa Capra La Rotunda was built during the Renaissance. A priest, Paolo Almerico commissioned
Palladio to make him a house for his retirement but both Almerico and Palladio never got the chance to see the house
completed before they died. Located just outside Vicenza, the Villa Capra is situated on top of a hill surrounded by green
meadows which connotes a more peaceful place, perhaps a place closer to God, where God is the center of everything.

Importance: Its unique design, a faade is almost always visible regardless of which side you are: the viewer who walks
around the villa never encounters a non-favorable angle. The Villa La Rotonda, would become one of the most
recognizable buildings of the Renaissance. It is a building that incorporates ancient Roman classical models with a touch
of innovative design and considered to be a paradigm of architectural excellence for future generations of architects
across the world.



Location:

Vicenza, Italy
Province in the Veneto region
Rich in history and culture
Home to many museums, villas, piazzas, and Churches
Teatro Olimpico, Palladian villas of Veneto
(villas designed by Andrea Palladio)

Andrea Palladio
Italian, architect of Villa La Rotunda.
Nov. 30 1508 Aug. 19, 1580
(Renaissance period)
Works are mostly villas, palaces, and Churches.
Palladian architecture

The Vanna Venturi House by Robert Charles Venturi Jr.
One of the first prominent works of the postmodern
architecture movement.
Its structure is made out of light wood frame
There are two floors plus a basement
Floor area is 1,800 sq ft (170 m2)
Project Year: 1962-1964
The house was sold in 1973 .
The house is not open to the public.

Location: located in the neighborhood of Chestnut Hill in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

ROBERT CHARLES VENTURI JR.
American Architect
Born on June 25, 1925
Born in Philadelphia to Robert Venturi, Sr. and Vanna (ne Luizi) Venturi
He is the founding principal of the firm Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates, and one of the major of
architectural figures in the twentieth century
Graduated summa cum laude from Princeton University in 1947
Was awarded Pritzker Prize in Architecture 1991

Less is a bore- Robert Charles Venturi Jr.

Villa Savoye by Charles-Edouard Jenneret Gris


Location: Situated at Poissy, a small commune outside of Paris, France









Gehrys California House by Frank O. Gehry
Project description:
The house is wrapped around three sides of the old house on the ground floor, extending the house towards the street
and leaving the exterior of the existing home almost untouched. The interior went through a considerable amount of
changes on both if its two levels.
It makes use of unconventional materials such as chain link fences and corrugated steel. It is sometimes considered one
of the earliest deconstructivist buildings, although Gehry himself denies that it was deconstructivism.

Location:
Gehrys California House is located on the corner of 22nd Street and Washington Avenue in Santa Monica, California.

Frank Owen Gehry
Companion of the order of Canada
Born on February 28, 1929
Canadian-American Pritzker Prizewinning architect-based in Los Angeles.