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ADDRESSING LGTB’S ISSUES IN SCHOOL SETTING

What’s in a Name?
Lesbian- women attracted to women
Gay men –men attracted to men
Bisexual- men and women attracted to both sexes.
Transgender - someone whose gender differs from the one they were given when they were
born.
Sexual orientation is an enduring personal quality that inclines people to
feel romantic or sexual attraction (or a combination of these) to persons of the
opposite sex orgender, the same sex or gender, or to both sexes or more than one gender.
Heterosexual- having emotional, romantic or sexual attractions to member of other sex.
Gay/ Lesbian- having emotional, romantic or sexual attractions to member of one’s own self.
Bisexual- having emotional, romantic or sexual attractions to both men and women.

Sexual Orientation is distinct from other component of sex and gender.

Biological Sex- the anatomical and physiological and genetic characteristic associated with being male
and female.
Gender Identity - the psychological sense being male or female.
Social Gender role - the cultural norms that define feminine and masculine behavior.

How do people know if they are Lesbian , gay or bisexual?
 The core attraction that form the basis for adult sexual orientation typically amerge between
middle childhood and early adolescent. ( McCreary study in Canada 1991, 11 years old.)
 Awareness of one’s sexual orientation is now happening at an earlier age(kliatchko 2009)
compare to two decades ago.
 The patterns of emotional, romantic and sexual attraction may rise without any prior sexual
experience
 Some people know that are lesbian, gay or bisexual for a long time before they actuall pursue
relationship with other people.
 Some people engage in sexual activity(with same sex or other sex partners) before assigning a
clear label to their sexual orientation.
What causes a person to have a particular sexual orientation?
 There is no consensus among scientist about the exact reason why and individual develops a
heterosexual, bisexual, gay or lesbian orientation.
 Although much research has examined the possible genetic, hormonal. Developmental, social
and cultural influences on sexual orientation, no finding have emerged that will permit
scientist to conclude that sexual orientation is determined by any particular factor or factors.
 Many think that nature or nurture both play complex role, most people experience little or no
sense of choice about their sexual orientation.
Sexual identity Development
Cass’s six stages mode (1979-1984)
1. Identity confusion
2. Identity comparison
3. Identity Tolerance
4. Identity Acceptance
5. Identity Pride
6. Identity Synthesis
Coleman’s five stage model (1982)
1. Pre coming out
2. Coming out
3. Exploration
4. First relationship
5. Identity integration
Is Homosexuality a mental disorder?
 No. lesbian, gay and bisexual orientation is NOT disorder.
 NO inherent association between any of these sexual orientations and psychopathological.
The importance of support
 Support in the family at school and in the broader society helps reduce risk and encourage
healthy development.
 LGBT youth who do well despite stress, like heterosexual who do well despite stress, tend to be
those who are socially competent, who have good problem skill, who have a sense of autonomy
and purpose and who look forward to be future.
 The best support for LGBT youth is school and social climate that do not tolerate discriminatory
language and behavior.

Is the Philippines really LGBT- friendly?
 A survey conducted by the Pew research Center in June 2013 showed 73% of the 804 Filipino
respondent are of the opinion that Homosexuality should be accepted by society 26% felt other
wise and 1% refused to answer.


MAKING THE CAMPUS “ LGBT- INCLUSIVE”
1. Set up GSA ( Gay STRAIGHT Allience)
2. Develop Inclusive Leader and Allies
3. Organize LGBT FRIENDLY school event
4. Promote LGBT privacy
5. Craft an Anti Bully Policy
6. Identify bully hotspot
7. Conduct training
8. The issue of Religion
9. And what about Conversion Therapy