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Minimum Clearance in Substation:

Voltag
e
Highe
st
Voltag
e
Lighting
Impulse
Level
(Kvp)
Switchin
g
Impulse
Level
(Kvp)
Minimum Clearance Safety
Clearance(
Mt)
Ground
Clearance(
Mt)
Phase
-Earth
Phase-
Phase
11KV 12KV 70 0.178 0.229 2.600 3.700
33KV 36KV 170 0.320 0.320 2.800 3.700
132KV 145KV 550 1.100 1.100 3.700 4.600
650 1.100 1.100 2.700 4.600
220KV 245KV 950 1.900 1.900 4.300 5.500
1050 1.900 1.900 4.300 5.500
400KV 420KV 1425 1050(P-
E)
3.400 4.200 6.400 8.000
Electrical Clearance in Substation:
Voltage Height of I
Bay From
Ground
(Mt)
Height
of II
Bay
From
Ground
(Mt)
Bay Width
(Mt)
Phase-
Phase
(Mt)
BetweenEquipm
ent
Earth
Wire
From
Ground
132KV
(Single)
8.0 - 11.0 3.0 3.0 10.5
220KV
(Single)
12.5 - 18 4.5 4.5 15.5
220KV
(Double)
18.5 25 25 4.5 4.5 28.5
400KV 15.6 22 22.0 7.0 >6.0 30.0
Standard Bay Widths in Meters:
Voltage Bay Width (Meter)
11KV 4.7 Meter
33KV 4.7 Meter
66KV 7.6 Meter
132KV 12.2 Meter
220KV 17 Meter
400KV 27 Meter
Standard Bus and Equipment Elevation
Voltage Equipment live Terminal
Elevation (Meter)
Main Bus Take of
Elevation
(Meter)
Low High
11 KV/33KV 2.8To 4 5.5 To6.5 9 6.5To8.5
66KV 2.8To 4 6To8 9To 10.5 9.5
132KV 3.7To5 8To9.5 13.5To14.5 12To12.5
220KV 4.9To5.5 9To13 18.5 15To18.5
400KV 8.0 15.5 - 23
Phase spacing for strung Bus:
Voltage Clearance
11KV 1300 mm
33KV 1300 mm
66KV 2200 mm
132KV 3000 mm
220KV 4500 mm
400KV 7000 mm
Minimum Clearance of Live Parts from Ground:
Voltage Minimum Clearance to Ground (Mt) Section Clearance (Mt)
11KV 3.700 2.600
33KV 3.700 2.800
66KV 4.600 3.000
132KV 4.600 3.500
220KV 5.500 4.300
400KV 8.000 7.000
Insulator String:
Voltage No of Suspension
String
Length (mm) No of Disc for Tension
String
Length in (mm)
66KV 5 965 6 1070
132KV 9 1255 10 1820
220KV 14 1915 15 2915
400KV 23 3850 2 X 23 5450
Nominal Span:
Minimum Ground Clearance:
Voltage Ground (Meter)
66KV 5.5
132KV 6.1
220KV 7.0
400KV 8.0
800KV 12.4
Voltage Normal Span (Meter)
66KV 240-250-275
132KV 315-325-335
220KV 315-325-335
400KV 315-325-335
Voltage Tower
Type
Vertical Space
(Mt)
Horizontal
Space(Mt)
Total Height From
Ground(Mt)
66KV A 1.03 4.0 15.91
B 1.03 4.27 15.42
C 1.22 4.88 16.24
132KV A 7.140 2.17 23.14
B 4.2 6.29 22.06
Indoor Substation Minimum Clearances

Distance Descriptions
0.9 Meter Horizontally between any item of equipment and thesubstation wall
0.6 Meter Horizontally between any Two items of equipment
1.2 Meter Horizontally in front of any HV switchgear
Clearance of Conductor on Tower
NORMS OF PROTECTION FOR EHV CLASS POWER TRANSFORMERS
The bottom most portion of any insulator or bushing in service should be at a
minimum height of 2500 mm above ground level.
Location of L.A (From T.C Bushing):
Voltage BIL KV Peak Distance (Mt)
11KV 75 12
33KV 200 15
66KV 325 24
132KV 550 35
220KV 900 To 1050 Close To T.C

C 4.2 7.15 22.68
D 4.2 8.8 24.06
220KV A 5.2 8.5 28.55
B 5.25 10.5 29.08
C 6.7 12.6 31.68
D
Voltage ratio & capacity HV Side LV Side Common relays
132/33/11KV up to 8
MVA
3 O/L relays + 1 E/L
relay
2 O/L relays + 1 E/L
relay
Buchholz, OLTC
Buchholz, OT, WT
132/33/11KV above 8
MVA and below 31.5
MVA
3 O/L relays + 1 dir.
E/L relay
3 O/L relays + 1 E/L
relay
Differential,
Buchholz, OLTC
Buchholz, OT, WT
132/33KV, 31.5 MVA &
above
3 O/L relays + 1 dir.
E/L relay
3 O/L relays + 1 E/L
relay
Differential, Over
flux,Buchholz, OLTC
PRV, OT, WT
220/33 KV, 31.5MVA &
50MVA 220/132KV, 100
MVA
3 O/L relays + 1 dir.
E/L relay
3 O/L relays + 1 dir.
relay
Differential, Over
flux,Buchholz, OLTC
PRV, OT, WT
400/220KV 315MVA 3 directional O/L
relays (with dir. High
set) +1 directional
E/L relays. Restricted
E/F relay + 3
Directional O/L
relays for action
3 directional O/L
relays (with dir. High
set)+1 directional
E/L relays. Restricted
E/F relay
Differential, Over
flux,Buchholz, OLTC
PRV, OT, WT and
overload (alarm)
relay