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Prepared by:

Rizalina B. Arda
Test I. Multiple Choice

A. Directions: Read and understand each statement carefully. Write the letter of the correct answer on
the blank.

1. Which organism can start a food chain in a pond?
a. algae c. lettuce
b. grass d. rosal

2. How does the energy of an organism react in a food chain?
a. Energy is lost in the air.
b. Energy is transferred from consumer to producer.
c. Energy is transferred from producer to consumer.
d. Energy is increased from one consumer to another consumer.

3. Why do corals should not be taken out from the sea?
a. It protects the sharks c. It helps clean the sea
b. It can harm people d. It protects small fishes from the big ones

4. Why do people became part of the ecosystem?
a. They are intelligent.
b. They take care of the plants and animals.
c. They interact with living and non-living things.
d. They produce chemicals and other non-living things.

5. Which factor contributes to air pollution?
a. smoke-belching motor vehicle c. smoking
b. improper garbage disposal d. all of the above

6. Why are bacteria and fungi useful to us?
a. They exist everywhere.
b. They provide antibodies to kill germs.
c. They play a great role in the food energy.
d. They change the nitrogen form the air into compound that can be used by plants.

7. Why are decomposers also called consumers?
a. They help return nitrogen to the air.
b. They break down plants and animals.
c. They help plants manufacture their food.
d. They feed the decayed plants and animals.

8. Why do people and animals are called consumers?
a. They eat plants only. c. They depend on plants for food.
b. They produce their own food. d. They give plants carbon dioxide.

9. What happens when plants and animals die?
a. They are buried. c. They are eaten by other animals.
b. They are thrown to the rivers d. Decomposers act upon dead plants and animals.
Prepared by:
Rizalina B. Arda
10. What interaction is exhibited in a symbiotic relationship?
a. abiotic-biotic c. biotic-biotic
b. biotic-abiotic d. abiotic- abiotic

11. How can rapid growth of population be controlled?
a. through population information & dissemination
b. through death rate increase
c. through family planning
d. all of the above

12. Which of the following shows concern for the environment?
a. Burning all kinds of garbage. c. Burying plastic and bottles in the ground.
b. Participating in tree-planting projects. d. Throwing away biodegradable garbage into canals.

13. How does reforestation help maintain the balance of nature?
a. Trees can be cut and used as building materials.
b. Forest can provide a good place for hunting wild animals.
c. Trees can prevent the occurrence of floods and soil erosion.
d. Forest disturbs the normal occurrence of the oxygen-carbon dioxide cycle.

14. Which of the following refers to the place where plants and animals live?
a. aquarium b. habitat c. sea d. pond

15. Which of the following may bright about a decrease in population?
a. emigration b. immigration c. birth of young d. hatching of eggs

16. What is the result of an overpopulated ecosystem?
a. smooth cycles occurs c. clean surrounding
b. shortage of food d. availability of space

17. Which of these practices can help conserve our forest?
a. deforestation c. eroding of soil
b. reforestation d. cutting down of trees

18. What condition can disrupt the cycles in an ecosystem?
a. pollution b. reforestation c. food and water d. clean environment

19. Which of the following is the correct food chain?
a. chicken grass grasshopper c. grass chicken grasshoper
b. grasshopper grass chicken d. grass grasshopper chicken

20. What kind of relationship is shown in a food-nutrient cycle?
a. competition b. cooperation c. interdependence d. natural

21. Which of the following is a food chain that comes from the food web?
a. chicken cat decomposer
b. rat snake hawk decomposer
c. rice plant snake decomposer
d. rice plant rat snake hawk decomposer

Prepared by:
Rizalina B. Arda
22. What is the greatest effect of the denudation of forest?
a. biodiversity b. soil erosion c. climate change d. forming of watersheds

23. Why do plastic products can cause flooding when it rains?
a. They clog the drainage system. c. They pollute streams and rivers.
b. They break down into particles. d. They produce harmful chemicals.

24. Which of the following relationships is harmful to some organisms?
a. commensalism b. cooperation c. mutualism d. predation

25. Which two main processes make up the oxygen-carbon dioxide cycle?
a. evaporation and condensation c. respiration and photosynthesis
b. transpiration and respiration d. photosynthesis and transpiration

26. What kind of consumer is the hawk when it eats fishes and rats?
a. carnivore b. herbivore c. omnivore d. scavenger

27. What happens to the amount of energy as food is passed on from one level of consumer to another?
a. it increases b. it decreases c. all of it is wasted d. it remains the same