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Phase Diagram: Water - Ice - Steam

1.E+06
Saturation Line

1.E+05

Sublimation Line
Ice I Line

Melting Line
(Ice V)

Ice III Line

1.E+04

Melting Line
(Ice VII)

Melting Line
(Ice VI)

Ice V Line

Melting Line
(Ice III)

Ice VI Line

1.E+03

Ice VII Line

Liquid
Critical Point

1.E+02
Melting Line
(Ice I)

Saturation Line

Pressure (bar)

1.E+01
Solid
1.E+00

1.E-01

1.E-02

Triple Point

1.E-03
Sublimation Line

1.E-04
Vapor
1.E-05

1.E-06

1.E-07
0

100

200

300

400

Temperature (K)

500

600

700

800

Copyright 1998 ChemicaLogic Corporation.

Water-Ice-Steam Phase Diagram


Source for sublimation and melting lines: "International Equations for the Pressure along the Melting
and along the Sublimation Curve for Ordinary Water Substance", J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data, Vol 23, No 3, 1994
Source for the saturation line: IAPWS formulation for Industrial Use, 1997

Sublimation Line
T, K
P, bar
190 3.22629E-07
195 7.38491E-07
200 1.62265E-06
205 3.43245E-06
210 7.00849E-06
215 1.38461E-05
220 2.65258E-05
225 4.93755E-05
230 8.94653E-05
235 1.58062E-04
240 2.72711E-04
245 4.60146E-04
250 7.60290E-04
255 1.23163E-03
260 1.95831E-03
265 3.05942E-03
270 4.70078E-03
273.16 6.11657E-03

Saturation Line
T, K
P, bar
273.16 0.006117
275 0.006985
280 0.009918
285 0.01389
290 0.019199
295 0.026211
300 0.035366
305 0.04719
310 0.062307
315 0.081445
320 0.105453
325 0.135308
330 0.172125
335 0.217171
340 0.271874
345 0.337831
350 0.416818
355 0.510801
360 0.621941
365 0.752601
370 0.905355
375 1.08299
380 1.288515
385 1.525159
390 1.796381
395 2.105866
400 2.457532
405 2.855526
410 3.304227
415 3.808245
420 4.372422
425 5.001826
430 5.701753
435 6.477723
440 7.335478
445 8.280982
450 9.320411
455 10.46016
460 11.70682
465 13.06722
470 14.54836
475 16.15747

Ice I Line
T, K
P, bar
251.165 2098.985
252 2035.357
253 1958.644
254 1881.245
255 1803.019
256 1723.814
257 1643.468
258 1561.811
259 1478.66
260 1393.821
261 1307.087
262 1218.238
263 1127.041
264 1033.243
265 936.5795
266 836.765
267 733.4965
268 626.4501
269 515.2807
270
399.62
271 279.075
272 153.2265
273 21.62713
273.16 0.006117

Ice III Line


T, K
P, bar
251.165
2099
251.500 2150.598
252.000 2235.56
252.500 2331.073
253.000 2438.422
253.500 2559.048
254.000 2694.559
254.500 2846.76
255.000 3017.665
255.500 3209.53
256.000 3424.877
256.164 3501.092

480
485
490
495
500
505
510
515
520
525
530
535
540
545
550
555
560
565
570
575
580
585
590
595
600
605
610
615
620
625
630
635
640
645
647.096

17.90195
19.78943
21.82772
24.02484
26.38898
28.92856
31.65218
34.56866
37.68702
41.0165
44.56656
48.3469
52.36749
56.63853
61.17056
65.97439
71.06122
76.44263
82.13062
88.13771
94.47699
101.1622
108.2078
115.6293
123.4431
131.667
140.3203
149.4242
159.0022
169.081
179.691
190.8684
202.6594
215.1414
220.64

the Melting
a, Vol 23, No 3, 1994

Ice V Line
T, K
P, bar
256.164
3501
257 3610.765
258 3745.387
259 3883.712
260 4025.826
261 4171.818
262 4321.779
263 4475.801
264 4633.976
265 4796.402
266 4963.176
267 5134.397
268 5310.166
269 5490.586
270 5675.763
271 5865.803
272 6060.816
273 6260.913
273.31 6323.993

Ice VI Line
T, K
P, bar
273.31
6324
274 6403.292
276 6637.22
278 6877.331
280 7123.741
282 7376.571
284 7635.938
286 7901.965
288 8174.774
290 8454.489
292 8741.236
294 9035.141
296 9336.333
298 9644.94
300 9961.095
302 10284.93
304 10616.58
306 10956.17
308 11303.85
310 11659.76
312 12024.03
314 12396.8
316 12778.21
318 13168.42
320 13567.57
322 13975.79
324 14393.25
326 14820.08
328 15256.45
330 15702.51
332 16158.4
334 16624.29
336 17100.33
338 17586.68
340 18083.5
342 18590.95
344 19109.21
346 19638.42
348 20178.76
350 20730.4
352 21293.5
354 21868.24

Ice VII Line


T, K
P, bar
355
22160
360 22790.79
365 23429.32
370 24076.13
375 24731.79
380 25396.92
385 26072.2
390 26758.34
395 27456.14
400 28166.43
405 28890.09
410 29628.11
415 30381.49
420 31151.34
425 31938.83
430 32745.21
435 33571.8
440 34420.04
445 35291.44
450 36187.61
455 37110.29
460 38061.3
465 39042.63
470 40056.36
475 41104.73
480 42190.13
485 43315.12
490 44482.42
495 45694.96
500 46955.85
505 48268.43
510 49636.26
515 51063.16
520 52553.23
525 54110.82
530 55740.62
535 57447.62
540 59237.17
545 61114.98
550 63087.14
555 65160.16
560 67340.94

355 22160.02

565
570
575
580
585
590
595
600
605
610
615
620
625
630
635
640
645
650
655
660
665
670
675
680
685
690
695
700
705
710
715

69636.84
72055.65
74605.61
77295.39
80134.08
83131.16
86296.44
89639.98
93172
96902.67
100842
104999.3
109383.4
114001.5
118858.9
123958.5
129299.5
134876.5
140678.1
146685.3
152869.5
159190.2
165592.8
172005.4
178335.7
184468.3
190261.2
195544.1
200116.1
203746.6
206178.1