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IS 210 : 1993

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Indian Standard
GREY IRON CASTINGS-SPECIFICATION
( Fourth Revision)
UDC 669'131'6-14
<0 BIS 1993
BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS
MANAK BHA VAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG
NEW DELHI 110002
December 1993
Price Group 5
Pig Iron and Cast Iroll Sectional Commiltee, MTD 6
FOREWORD
This Indian Standard ( Fourth Revision) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards, after the draft
finalized by the Pig Iron and Cast Iron Sectional Committee had been approved by the Metallurgical
Engineering Division Council.
This standard was first published in 1950 and subsequently revised in 1962, 1970 and 1978. While
reviewing ,this standard in the light of the experience gained during these years, the committee decided to
revise it to align with the present practices followed by the Indian industries and to bring it in line with
the other overseas standards.
The various diameters of test bar according to the section size of the castings have been replaced by a
single size of test bar. Guidance on the effect of section size of the casting on the tensile strength is, how-
ever, given in Annex A. A comparison between grades is given in Annex B.
The production of castings in the higher grades of grey cast iron often involves special techniques. It is
r("commended, therefore, that for either large or intricate caslings or a casting involving both these condi-
s, or where the castings have to withstand exception conditions, the grade of grey c,!st iron selected and
any heat treatment involved should be agreed between the manufacturer and the purchaser. The higher
grades of grey cast iron ( that is, Grade FG300, FG350 and FG400 ) present special difficulties for section
10 mm and thinner.
For the benefit of the purchaser, typical properties of grey cast iron have been added in Annex C.
Information to be supplied by the purchaser while ordering grey iron castings according to this specification
is given in Annex D.
In the formulation of this standard assistance has been derived from ISO 185 'Grey Cast Iron
-
Specifi-
cation' issued by International Organization for Standardization.
For the purpose of deciding whethn a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final
value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordanc~
with IS 2 : 1960 'Rules for roundiDg off numerical values ( revised)'. The number of significant places
retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.
,
I
IS 210 : 1993
Indian Standard
GREY IRON CASTINGS -- SPECIFICATION
1 SCOPE
( Fourth Revision)
This standard covers the requirements for grey
iron castings.
2 REFrRENCES
The following Indian Standards are necessary
adjuncts to this standard:
IS No.
1387: 1993
1500 : 1983
2078: 1979
4843 : 1968
5139 : 1969
5519: 1979
I
]
3655 : 1993
Title
General requirements for the
supply of metallurrgical material
( secolld revision )
.
Method for BrineJl hardness test
for metallic materials (second
revision )
Method for tensile testing of
grey cast iron (first revision)
Oode for designation of ferrous
castings
Recommended procedure for
repair of grey iron castings by
oxyacetylene and manual metal
arc welding
Deviations for untoleranced
dimensions of grey iron castings
(first revIsion)
Guidelines for heat treatment
of cast iron
3 SUPPLY OF MATERIAL
General requirements relating to the supply of
grey iron castings sha II be as laid down in
IS 1387: 1993.
4 GRADES
There shall be sellen grades of grey iron castings
nam('ly, Grades FG150. FG200, FG220, FG260,
FG300, FG350 and FG 400.
5 MANUFACTURE
The castings shall be made by any process, as
agreed between the supplier and purchaser, that
will produce castings complying with the require-
ments of this Indian Standard and shall be in
accordrnce with the pattern or working drawing
as supplied by the purchaser.
6 CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
6.1 The composition of cast iron shall be left to
the discrecion of the manufactUrer, bu.t a maxi-
mum limit for phosphorus and/or sulphur may
be specified by the purchaser, if he so desires.
6.2 In case of special castings, the' detailed
chemical composition shall be as agreed to be-
tween the purchaser and the manufactur.er.
7 WORKMANSHIP AND FINISH
7.1 The castings shall be accurately moulded in
accordance with the pattern or working drawings
supplIed by the purchaser, with the addition of
such letters, figures or marks as may be specified.
7.2 The purchaser shall specify tolerances,
machining location and allowances with reference
to all important dimensions On other dimensions
tOlerances specified in IS 5519 : 1979 shall apply.
8 HEAT TREATMENT
Oastings are generally supplied without having
any heat treatment. However, if required by the
purchaser, the heat treatment may be carried out
in accordance with 2 of IS 13655 : 1993,
9 MICROSTRUCTURE
Where so required, the microstructure of grey
iron castings and the location for taking the
sample shall be as agreed to between the purcha-
ser and the manufacturer.
10 FREEDOM FROM DEFECTS
10.1 The castings shall be sound, clean and free
from porosity, blow holes, hard spots, cracks, hot
tears, coldshUts, distortion, sand and slag inclu-
sions and other harmful defects. They shall be
well-dressed and fettled; and shall be readily
machinable.
10.2 No welding or repairs shall be carried out
without the prior permission of the purchaser.
Welding referred to here includes fusion welding
in accordance with the common foundry practice.
The method of repair by welding (see IS 5139 :
1969) and subsequent stress-relieving shall be
as agreed to between the purchaser and the
manufacturer.
Group Mass of Individual
Castings
]11 Up to 12'5 kg
21)
Over 12'5
kg and
up to 50 kg
3'1
Over 50 kg and up to
500 kg
41)
Over 500 kg and lip
to 1 tODDe
5 Over 1 tonne
IS 210 : 1993
II PROVISION OF TEST BARS
11.1 All test bars shall be cast s~parately in sand
moulds and the nun,bfr of tcst bars required shall
bc as specified in 11. Tbey shall be ca,,( at the
same timc ar.d fn m the s'Imr. melt as
th" ca'tings
thev represent.
11.2 The test bar material ,ball be iejpntifiable
",ith that of the castings represf'nted.
11.3 \Vhen castings are subjected to he'll treat-
ment, the test bars shall be heat-treated together
with the ca5tings they represent.
11.4 The test bars shall be cast in dr ied, baked or
chemically bonded moulds made mainly or al)
agg. egate of siliceous sand with appropriate
binders. the average grain size of the sand shall
be approximate to that of the sand in which the
castings are pour~d. Moulds for the test bars shall
be approximat ely at room temperature when
poured. More than one test bar may be cast in a
single mould. but each bar in the mould shall be
surrounded by a thickness of sand which is not
less than the diameter of the bar.
12 FREQUENCY OF TESTING
12.1 The number of tests required for each melt
or batch of castings shall be as laid down in
Table I, various classes of castings being divided
into five representative groups according to mass.
12.2 In the case of large tonnage or castings
being produced can tinuously, the minimum
number of test bars to be provided shal1 be one
tensile test representing every two bours produc-
tion from a melting furnace.
Table 1 Number of Tests
( Clause 12.1 )
Test Requirements
One te,t for each 500 kg
of castings or part thereof
One test for every 1 tonne
of castings or part thereof
One test for every 2 tonnes
of castings or part thereof
One test for every 3 tonnes
of castings or p2.rt thereof
One test for every 4 tonnes
of castings or part thereof
or one test fOf every
casting weighing 4 tonnes
or more
llln addition Groups 1,2, 3, and 4 all castings repre-
sented by one test shall be pour.-d from the same ladle
or same heat as the bar or bars provided for the test.
13 SIZE OF TEST BARS
A test bar from which the tensile test piece is
machin~d shall be cast as a uniform cylindrical
bar of 30 mm diameter. The tolerance on the
diamctn shal1 be gmm. The mmnnum lcngth
of the test bar sha!l be 230 mm.
14 TENSILE TEST
The tensile test shall be carried out in
;)
ccorda:lce
with IS 2078 : 1979, using a test piece conforming
to the dimensions in Fig. 1 and Tab1c 2. The test
piece shall be accurately machined, with a good
surface finish. The transition between the ends
and the paraJlel length shall be smooth, without
undercutting or a sudden step down in diameter.
NOTE - Self-aligning grips are recommendn: to
ensure axial loading.
15 TENSILE STRENGTH
vVhen tested in accordance with the requirement
of 13, the test piece shall comply with the mini-
mum requirements specified in Table 3. The
tensile strength specified is that obtained from test
bars cast separatel y from the castings to which
they refer. The test values represent, therefore,
only the quality of the metal from which the
casting have been poured.
16 HARDNESS TEST
16.1 The Brinell hardness test shall be carried
out in accordance with the method given in
IS 1500 : 1983. Brinell hardness values for diffe-
rent grades or grey iron castings shalJ be as
specified in Table 3.
16.1.1 The hardness test shall be conducted at
specific point on the castings. These specific points
shall be such that they are amenable for hardness
checking in routine procedure.
16.1.2 The location of the specific point on a
casting for hardness measurement shall be as
agreed to between the purchaser and the manu-
facturer.
17 TRANSVERSE TEST
If required, the transverse test may be carried out
by the manufacturer in accordance with the
method given in Annex E. The minimum tcst
requiremrnts shall be agr-:ed upon at the time of
enquiry and order.
18 HYDROSTATIC TEST
If specified at the time of enquiry ancl order the
castings may be tested for the hydrostatic test
pressure. The requirements for the test pressure
shall be mutually agreed to between the purch~sel'
and the manufacturer.
Grade Tensile Brinell
(
SeeIS 4843 : 1968
)
Strength Hardness
Min
MPa
(
Nlmm'
)
HB
(1)
(2 ) (3)
FG 150
150 130 to 180 .
FG 200 ZOO 160 to 220
FG 220
no 130 to 220
FG 2GO
260 180 co 230
FG 300 300 180 to 230
FG 350
350 207 to 211
FG 100
400 207 to 270
IS 210 : 1993
Table 2 Dimensions of Machined Tensile Test Piece
(
Clause 1
'1
)
Gauge
Dameter
D
Minim.um
Radius
Machining
Tolerar!cc
for th e
Gauge
Djamet~r
Minimum
Parallel
Length
(I)
Lc
(3)
R
(4)
(2)
mm mm mm mm
Plain Ends
r " ",
N1inimum Minirnum
Diameter Lengtb
Screwed Ends
r---
,
Mjnimum ~Mjnimurn
D,a at Lengtb
Root
d, Ls
(7) (3)
d,
(5)
L1'
(6)
mm mm
mm
25
mm
20 + O'S 55 25 23
NbTE --,\lith screwed-ends, any form of thread may be used
thread is not less than that specified.
65
30
provided that the diameter at the ~oot of the
Table 3 Mechanical Test Requirements
Clauses IS '1nd 16.1 )
NOTE
-
Altbough mechanical properties are 'peci-
tied for Grade FG
1:'0 tbe material shaIJ be only
(estd if required by the purchaser.
I
19 RETESTS
19.1 If on being
obvious signs of a
the test may be
made.
]
9.2 If any sound test piece fails, two further
tests shall be made, should either of these test
pieces fail, the castings represented shall not
comply with the requirements of this Indian
Standard.
tested any test piece shows
casting defect, the results of
discarded and a further test
19.3 In the absence of further separately cast test
bars, the manufacturer shall have the option of
submitting test bars, sectioned from an agreed
position in the castings The requirements of the
test shall be as agreed to between the purchaser
and the manufacturer. However, the guidance
may be obtained from Annex A.
20 INSPECTION
By agreement with the manufacturer, the pur-
chaser or his representative shall have across at
all reasonablt times to those parts of the manu-
facturer's works engaged on his order, he shall
be at liberty to inspect the manufacturer at any
stage, to witness the required tests and to reject
any material that does not comply with this
standard. When the castings are to be inspected
during manufacture and tested in the presence of
the purchaser's representative, this shall be slat cd
on the enquiry and order.
21 TESTING FACILITIES
21.1 The manufacturer in supplying the test
samples as required for testing shall prepare from
them the necessary test pieces and supply the
labour and appliances for making all tests on his
premises in accordance with this standard.
21.1.1 Failing facilities for carrying out the
prescribed tests at his own works the manufac-
turer sha)] carry out the tests elsewhere.
22 MARKING
22.1 Each casting, if feasible, shall be legibly
marked with a number of identification mar ks
which it (an be traced t"~ the melt, and the balch
of heat treatment, if done, from which it was
made.
22.2 By agreement between the purchaser and the
manufacturer, castings complying with the re-
quirements of this standard shall be, after im-
pection, legibly marked with an acceptance
mark
23 STANDARD MARK
The castings may also be marked with the
Standard Mark.
IS 210 :11993
ANNEX A
( Forewordand Clause 19.3 )
APPROXIMATE VARIATION OF STRENGTH
A-I The Indian Standard grades of grey cast iron
are based on the minimum tensile strength ob-
:ained when metal is cast into test bars of 30 mm
diameter. The strength developed by a given
metal shal1 vary with the coohngrate in the mould
higher strengths being obtained if the same metal
is cast into smaller bars than 30 mm diameter
and lower strengths if the metal is cast into bars
larger than 30 mm diameter. Similarly, the cool-
ing rate of a flat plate is slower than that of a bar
whose diameter is equal to the thickness of the
plate so that the strength developed in the plate
'I'ill be lower than that developed in the bar.
A-I.I The cooling rate of a casting in a mould
( hence the strength developed in any particular
section thickness by the metal employed for its
manufacture) is influenced also by the presence
of cores, changes in section thickness, the presence
of bosses projections and inters<>ctions, such as the
junctions of ribs and bosses. Thus, in castings of
other than simple shape and uniform thickness
tht> cooJing rate of any part can be expected to
differ from that of a flat plate of similar section
thickness.
E
E
300
z
"ro
a..
:z: 250
I
I-
~
~ 200
Ci:
,-
({)
~ 150
UJ
z
lJJ
>-
A-2 Figure 2 gives a guide to the likely variation
in tensile strength in different sections when a
given grade 01 grey iron is cast into a casting of
simple shape and uniform thickness or containing
cored holes where the cooJing rate in the mould
of a given section shall differ from that in a casting
of sample shape and uniform thickness, the dia-
gram provides only an approximate guide to the
likely tensile strength in different sections and
design should be based on the measured tensile
strength in critical parts of the casting.
A-2.1 Table 4 gives guidance to the likely varia-
tion in tensile strength f(,r diffuent casting section
thicknesses when a given grade of grey cast iron
is cast into a casting of simple shape' and uni-
form thickness. For casting of non-uniform
section or castings containing cored holes, the
table provides only an approximate guide to
the likely tensile strength in dtfferent sections,
and casting design should be based on the
measured tensile strength in critical parts of the
casting.
350
CROSS-SECTIONAL THICKNESS, mm
15 25 50-75 100 125
---+---~ +--
iOO
o
150
350
300
250
200
150
100
This diagram is for guidance and should not be used for acceptance purposes.
FIG. 2 V ARIATlON OF TENSILE STRENGTH WITH CROss-SEcnONAL THICKNESS OF GREY I[W~ CASTlNGS
Grade Casting Section Thickness, Anticipated Tensile
mm Strength
,--_
__ __..A.____________
MPa (NimmO)
Over Up to and
Including
FG 150
2'5
10 15~}
10 20 130
20 30 115
30 50 105
FG 200
25 10 205
10 20 180
20 30 160
30 50 145
FG 260
+'0 10 260
10 20 235
20 30 215
30 50 195
FG 300 10 20 270
20 30 2+5
30 50 225
loG 350
10 20 315
20 30 290
30 50 270
FG 350 350-
35
FG 300 300
30
FG 260
250
25
FG 220
FG 200 --200
-20
FGI50 --- 150~-
----15
MPa
(=Nfmm2)
IS 210 : 1993
Ta~le 4 Anticipated Tensile Properties for the Castings ( for Information Only)
( Clause A-2.! )
ANNEX B
( Foreword )
MPa
GRADE
(=N/mm2)
FG 1.00 ---~--- 1.00--
kgf/rnm2
--1.0
GRADE
1.0
35
30
25
20
15
CONVERSION FACTO R 1N/mm2 =1MPa =0'1020 kg! Imm2
Fr'~. 3 COMPAnlsoN BETWEEN GHADRS IN THIS EDITION AND THE PREVIOUS EDITION
BASED ON MINIMUM TENSILE STRENGTH
Unit
Grade
.-- -------.----------"- -----~------~-----.....
1'G 150 1'0 200 1'0 220
FG 2GO FG 300 FG 350 PG 400
MPa
( Njmm2 )
150 200 220 260 300 350 400
MPa
(
Nlmm2
)
4-2
56 62 73 84 98
1]2
MPa
(
Njmm' 98 130 143 169 195 228 260
Percent 0'60-0'751)
0'48_0'671) 0'39-0"631) 0"57 0'50
050 0'50
Percent 0'15 0'17 0"18 0"20 0'22
0-25 0'28
0'45-0'601) 0'31_0'501) 0'21-0'451) 0'37 0'28 0'25 0'28
MPa
( Nfmm2) ]20 160 17G 208
2.;0 280 320
MPa
( ~/mm2 )
GOO no 768 864 960 I 080 I 200
MPa
(
Nfmm2
)
84- 112 123 146 168 196 224
MPa
( Nfmm2 )
195 260 286 338 390 455 520
MPa
( N(mm')
173 230 253 299 :H5 403 4GO
MPa
( N/mm2 )
173 230 253 29') 345 403 460
Percent >4 >4
>4 >4
Up to 4 Up to 4 Up to 4-
OPa 100 114 120 128 135 140 145
GPa 100 1\4 120 128 135 140 145
GPa
40 46 48 51 54 56 58
+-__~________
0'26-~----------_;_---->-
:V[Pa ( Njmm'
)
6"
90 99 1\7 135 149 152
)0
~[Pa (
N/mm"'
)
G
(~
87 94- 103 In 129 127
IS 210
;
19~3
ANNEX C
( Foreword)
TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF GREY CAST I RON
C-l The foHowing informatiot1 is gi\'ct1 for thc guidat1cc of engin~ers and d~signcrs It does not form
pi'n of the standard and should not be U5~d for a~c"p,ance pClrpo,~s:
P~'ope!..'ti cs
'~.:.nsilc sfr~ngth
O'U
I percent proof
stre~s
\I"
percent proof
5tress
l'otal strain at
failure
~:::Iastic straJn at
failure
Total minus elastic
strain at failure
'"
0tchcd tens:le stre-
ngth ( see Note 2
)
'Circumferential
"1-5Q\itnotcb) root
radius 0'25 mm Or
Notch depth 2'5
mm. notch dia 20
mm.
or notch
depth 3'3 mm,
notch diameter
7'/) 1111n
)
C;rcurnfcreutiaJ
notch, Radius 9'5
rom
( Notch depth
2-5 mrn, notch dia-
rneter 20 mn1
)
Compressive strength
n'l
percent proof
stress
0'1
percent proof
stress
Shear strength
Tor,iunal strcngth
Shea!" strain at
failure
Modulus of elasticity
Ten:;ion
Compression
ModlllJs of rigidity
Poisson's ratio
Fatigue limit
(
'Vah-
ler
)
~innotchecl (8'4
mm dia)
V~notchcd (Cir.
qlmfercntial -i-50
V-notch \\lith
0.25 III D1 root
radius) Diameter
at notch g-4 mIn
depth of notch
3',. mm)
J-J:,rdnc$S
l\1Pa
(
"</mm'
)
150 200 220 :100 350 400
260
Refcr Table 3 for harclneos ,"alu,'s
x 10 -6/K
X 10-6:K
X 10-61K
-(-.---------
----~----1O-0 - --------+ 10'0
)
-<-________________.____ll-O________~
11'0
) (
S"
.,. _________________12-5_________-+ 12'5) Note 3)
52'S 50'8 50'l +8'8 +7'4
j.S '7
H,\)
5 1 -5 49'8
49-1
+7'8 +6'4 ++'7
.,3'0
50':'
48'8 18'1 46'g
45'4' '13'7
12'0
'19'5
47'8 i7' I 4:,'8 44'4
+2,7
41'0
48'5 i6'8 '16'] H'8 43'4 + 1'7
40'0
265 375
,!20 460 460 460 460
355 435 455 495 495 495 495
400 465
'!65
505 505
;,05
505
425 480 475 515 515 515 515
44-5 500 495 535 535 535
,,3:,
1-90 55.r> 560 G05 605 GaS GOS
7'05 7'10 7'15 7'20 7'25 7'30 7'30
P.'ope1..tl('s
Co(-fficicnt or ther~
maJ expression
- 109e
to Looe
,6c
[0 20Doe
200e to 100C
Thermal conductivity
100C
LOOoe
300C
"oooe
5000e
Specific heat capacity
20C to 200C
20'e to 300'e
200e to 400C
200e to 5000e
Looe to 6000e
200e to 7000e
-Relative density
!\rfagnetic and elec-
tric::..l prouerties
Maximum magne-
tic permeability
R~mflnent
magne~
usn\.
Coercive force
Hysceresis loss at
50 Hz
Electrical rcsistivjty
NOTES
Unit
\VImI'.
W/mK
W/mK
WlmK
\\!jmK
J/kgK
JlkgK
J/kgK
JjkgK
J/kgK
J 'kgK
i-LHlm
T
Aim
Jim'
Wlkg
i-LSlm
IS 210 : 1993
Grade
c ~ ' ~-----.....
FC; 150 FG 200 FG 220 FG 260 FG 300 FG 3')0 FG ~11~
301 to 380 ~-'-
-< 0'4 to 0'5 '0-
-<
560 to 720 ,. -+
-< 2500 to 3 000 +
-< 17'6 to 20'9 +
0'800 0770 O'7CO 0'730 0'700 (\'070 O'64!1
1 The typical properties given in this Annrx are the properties in a 30 mm diameter separately cast test bar or
in a casting section correctl)' represent,d by this size of test bar, Whffe the tensile strength does not correspond
to that givrn, other propeflics may differ slightly from those given,
2 Notched tensile strengths increase slightly as notch s('verity ratio, notch rzdius, notch diameter, increa..3e
above 0'47,
3 The values quoted for coefiicient of thermal expansion of Grade FG 400 are for material in pearJitic iron,
Where acclcuJar iron is used for this grade appropriate values are;
20"e to LOQoe !s'() X IO -G jK
20C to 400C 16'5 X 10-6/K
J)
Values depend on the composition of iron,
ANNEX D
( Foreword)
D-l BASIS FOR ORDER
INFORMATION TO BE SUPPLIED BY THE PURCHASER
h) Any required limits on the sulphur and
phosphorus content
D-LI \Vhile placing an order for the purchase
of grey iron casting covered by this standard, the
;Jurchascr should specify the following:
a) 'M aterial specification;
c) Drawing or reference number of the
pattern (if supplied by the purchaser
along with a copy of the drawing;
IS 210 : 1993
d) Tests required;
e) Whether the castings are to be inspected
and tested in the presence of the pu rch a-
ser's representative;
f) Condition of delivery;
g) Any special requirement of the purchaser,
for example, hardness tests and locations
of non-destrur.tive testing, quality assu.
rance, etc; and
h) Test reports, if required.
ANNEX E
( Clause 17 )
TRANSVERSE TEST FOR GREY CAST IRON
E-l OBJECT OF THE TEST
The object of this test is to determine the trans-
verse bending strength of grey cast iron by apply-
ing constantly increasing single load at the centre
of a test bar arranged as a beam between two
supports until fracture occurs.
E-2 TEST BARS
E-2.1 The cast tcst bars shal1 have the dimensions
given in Table 5.
Table 5 Dim.ensions of Transverse
Test Bars
( Clauses E-2.l and E-2.2 )
Diameter
of the qast
Test Bar
Permissible Variation Length (L)
from Nominal Min
Diameter
, A "'t
Uomacbioed Machined
(1) (2) (3) (4)
rom mm mm mm
30 500
-
['2
:i 0'2
E-2.2 Test bar is normally tested unmachined.
The surface of the test bar shall be free from un-
evenness and seams which may be removed by
careful grinding. The diameter shall be measured
at the centre of the test bar in two directions per-
pendicular to one-another. The difference between
two measurements shall not exceed 5 percent of
the norma! diameter. The mean value of the two
diameters shall be the diameter do (see E-1) of
the test bar. For its permissible variations from
the nominal diameter and the accuracy of
measurement of the diameter, the values indicated
in Tables 5 and 6 shall apply.
E-3 PROCEDURE
E-3. I Place the two ends of the test bar on hori-
zontal supports. The support and the point of
application of the load shall be rounded to a
radius of 5 to 20 mm. Apply a single load verti-
cally at the centre of the bar ( see Fig. 4 ).
E-3.2 Increase the load uniformly without shock
until the bar fracture. The load should be applied
in such a way that the increase of stress does not
exceed 3 MPa per second Find out the load at
the fracture of the test bar with the accuracy
indicated in Table 6.
E-3.3 Determine the deflection of the test bar
from the motion of the thrust relative to the fixed
supports or to the supporting table of the machine.
In order to eliminate any errors in measuring the
deflection, the measurement should .be started
after applying a small preload as given in
Table 6.
Table 6 Testing Conditions and
Accuracy of Readings
( C lauses E-2.2, E-3.2, E-3.3 and Fig.
I} )
Nominal Distance
Diameter Between
d Centre of
Supports,
LB
Accuracy of Readings Pre-
r-
__, A ,~
Load
Diame- Load P, Dfflec- Appro"
ter of Max tioo at
Bar Frac-
d ture
(3) (4) (5) (6) (1) (2)
mm mm mm mm mm rom
30 450 0.2
200 to
400
100
LO AD PO SITIO N
Fi
-. >-
9
--- -
I Ls--T
I
-
u_
,--~--"
--, ~ 1
,L
_~~
,'
"u_L..~ ~
FIG. 4 TRANSVERSE TEST BAR OF GREY CAST IRON
E-4 TEST RESULT
The test report shall include:
a) load at fracture in C\;
b) bending strength
fb'
to an accuracy of O'::J
MPa calculated from the formula:
IS 210 : 1993
where
P
=
maximum load at fracLUre in N,
1.8 distance between centres of supports
in mm, and
do
=
mean diameter in mm, and
c) deflection at fr2.cture in mm.
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