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Demonstration of Key Features of

FAST with AeroDyn & HydroDyn


NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC.
NREL Wind Turbine
Modeling Workshop

August 7, 2012
UMASS Amherst, MA

Jason Jonkman, Ph.D.
Senior Engineer, NREL
Wind Turbine Modeling Workshop 2 National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Input & Output Files
Linear
(.dat)
ADAMS-Spec.
(.dat)
Furling
(.dat)
Platform
(.dat)
Primary
(.ipt)
Airfoil(s)
(.dat)
Wind
(.wnd,.bts)
FAST
Required Optional
Time
Series
(.out)
Periodic
Matrices
(.lin)
ADAMS
Input Files
(.acf,.adm)
AeroDyn
Excitation
Force (.3)
Added-mass and
Damping (.1)
Hydrostatic
Data (.hst)
Required WAMIT Output
Summary
(.opt)
Element
(.elm)

Summary
(.fsm)
Primary
(.fst)
Tower
(.dat)
Blade(s)
(.dat)
FAST-to-ADAMS
Preprocessor
Linearization
Time Simulation
Wind Turbine Modeling Workshop 3 National Renewable Energy Laboratory
NREL 5-MW Baseline Wind Turbine
Fictitious, but representative,
multi-MW wind turbine
Heavily influenced by the
REpower 5M prototype &
DOWEC project turbines
Specifications include:
Blade structural &
aerodynamic properties
Nacelle & hub
Drivetrain
Tower
Control system:
Generator torque
Blade pitch
REpower 5M Wind Turbine
Summary of Properties

Rating 5 MW
Rotor Orientation, Configuration Upwind, 3 Blades
Control Variable Speed, Collective Pitch
Drivetrain High Speed, Multiple Stage Gearbox
Rotor Diameter 126 m
Hub Height 90 m
Cut-In, Rated, Cut-Out Wind Speed 3 m/s, 11.4 m/s, 25 m/s
Cut-In, Rated Rotor Speed 6.9 rpm, 12.1 rpm
Rated Tip Speed 80 m/s
Overhang, Shaft Tilt, Precone 5 m, 5, 2.5
Rotor Mass 110,000 kg
Nacelle Mass 240,000 kg
Tower Mass 347,460 kg
Coordinate Location of Overall CM (-0.2 m, 0.0 m, 64.0 m)
Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute Battelle
Onshore, Steady Wind 8 m/s, No Control
Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute Battelle
Onshore, Steady Wind 8 m/s
Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute Battelle
Onshore, Steady Wind 18 m/s
Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute Battelle
Onshore, Turbulent Wind 18 m/s
Wind Turbine Modeling Workshop 8 National Renewable Energy Laboratory
OC3-Hywind Spar Buoy
Developed within IEA Wind Task
23 OC3 project
Statoil supplied data for 5-MW
Hywind conceptual design
OC3 adapted spar to support the
NREL 5-MW turbine:
Rotor-nacelle assembly unchanged
Tower adapted to conform to spar
Overall mass, CM, & inertias made
consistent to Statoils Hywind
Mooring system simplified
Torque & pitch controller modified to:
Maintain positive aerodynamic
damping
Minimize rotor speed excursions
OC3-Hywind Model
Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute Battelle
Offshore, Steady Wind 8 m/s, Period Waves 2 m, 8 s
Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute Battelle
Offshore, Turbulent Wind 18 m/s, Irregular Waves 6 m, 10 s
Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute Battelle
Offshore, Pitch Free Decay, No Aerodynamics, Still Water
Questions?
Jason Jonkman, Ph.D.
+1 (303) 384 7026
jason.jonkman@nrel.gov
NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC.