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Jaimini Sutras (Hindu astrology)

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Jaimini Sutras
Author Rishi Jaimini
Country India
Language Sanskrit
Subject Astrology
Part of a series on
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The ancient Sanskrit text called Jaimini Sutras [1][2] is a treatise on the pred
ictive part of Hindu astrology attributed to Maharishi Jaimini, the founder of t
he Purva Mimamsa branch of Hindu philosophy and author of twelve-chapter Upadesa
Sutras, who was a disciple of Rishi Vyasa, son of Parashara. It comprises nine
hundred and thirty-six sutras or aphorisms arranged in four chapters, and though
having several distinct features of its own, the Jaimini System, which is a uni
que system, appears as an off-shoot of the Parashari System only; where ever it
deviates it is not found to be in conflict with the Parashari system,[3] and giv
es due importance to Rahu and Ketu, the two Lunar Nodes.[4]
Jaimini Sutras, arranged in four chapters, cover Karakamsa, Arudha, Upapada and
navamsa in the first chapter; Longevity, Diseases, Profession, Progeny and Spous
e, in the second; Longevity, Nature and cause of death, in the third; and in the
fourth chapter it covers the account of pre-natal epoch. The Jaimini System of
prognostication is distinctly different from the Parashari System, the basic dif
ferences being with regard to aspect, determination of Karakas, Badhaka bhavas a
nd the Dashas. In Jaimini System, aspect has been assigned to the Rasis or signs
which are synonymous with Bhavas or Houses, the Karakas are fixed according to
longitudes gained by planets in particular signs, the Dashas are assigned to sig
ns, and the method of determination of Badhakas is far more complicated, and its
prediction-method based on Padas is also different.[5][6] In his book, Light on
Life, Hart De Fouf writes It is possible that some commentator developed Jaimin
i Jyotish from Parasharas system and then appended Maharshi Jaiminis name to his c
reation.or may be .. ..extracted those few chapters from Jaimini Jyotish that the
two systems share.[7] Bangalore Venkata Ramans book - Studies in Jaimini Astrolo
gy explains the abstruteness of the Jaimini System particularly when a number of
dashas are mentioned and the reader, clueless, is left to guess for himself. Ja
imini developed almost a new system which did not prove popular because principl
es presented in the shape of sutras are always capable of a variety of interpret
ations; Jaimini Sutras have been explained and commented upon by Neelakantha and
Premanidhi. Jaimini appears to have favoured Charadasha not only for determinin
g longevity but also for predicting important events to happen during the life o
f a person. Raman has found certain sutras tough, vague or capable of a two-fold
interpretation. He also states that the Raja yogas given by Jaimini have not be
en tested as his method has not been in vogue.[8]
Jaimini, in the Sutra 37 of Adhyaya II Pada iv, by stating ??????????? acknowled
ges that all the principles explained in this work are truth propounded in other
works. The treatment of the different Bhavas, Rasis and Planets found confusing
require patience, diligence and practice to comprehend. He gives various Lagnas
and his dashas are mostly founded on Rasis and Navamsas, and also the calculati
ons backwards and forwards for odd and even signs and the extent of dashas diffe
rs from the ordinary conceptions as explained by the general principles of astro
logy. He has not given prominence to the Nakshatras and there is the merging of
two or three planets into one karaka. Moreover, the exact meanings of the sutras
which though short and sweet, and easily committed to memory, are not easy to g
rasp.[9]
References
"Jaimini Sutras".
P.S.Sastri. Maharishi Jaiminis Jaimini Sutram (complete) (2006 ed.). Ranjan P
ublications.
Dr.Suresh Chandra Mishra. "Tara Lagna Dasha".
Prash Trivedi. The Key of Life: Astrology of the Lunar Nodes. Lotus Press. p
. 12.
"Basic features of Jaimini Astrology".
"Jaimini or Parashara".
Hart De Fouw. Light on Life: An Introduction to the Astrology of India. Lotu
s Press. p. 17.
B v Raman. Studies in Jaimini Astrology. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. p.
3.
Jaimini. "Jaiminisutras (English translation with notes by B. Suryanarain Ra
o)". Bangaluru: IBH Prakashana. p. xi,17.
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