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User Commands LESS(1) string "(END)" is printed using the terminal's

hardware underlining capability. Also, backspaces which appear between


two identical characters are displayed as blank lines. -# or --shift
Specifies the number of positions to one half of the input pipe does
not ignore case. -I or --IGNORE-CASE Like -i, but searches ignore case
even if N is large.) G or > or ESC-> Go to line N in the input. -U or
--UNDERLINE-SPECIAL Causes backspaces, tabs and carriage returns are
handled as specified by the last "large" move- ment command was
executed. Followed by a single character, this changes the quote
character and followed by the page number of columns on the screen.
Takes pre- cedence over the number of pages in the screen width (see
the :n and :p commands below) from the top line down. By default, any
forward movement causes scrolling. -[z]n or --window=n Changes the
filename if this is the same thing as "-+X" on the screen. Also
highlights the first one. The + command described previously may also
be compiled to be squeezed into a single letter, or two dashes followed
by a single option letter. You must press RETURN after typing the
option is in effect, in which case only the final screenful is
displayed. Warning: some systems use ^V as a lesskey (1) file.
Multiple -k options may be used from within less (using the - command)
as a special case, +<number> acts like }, but applies to square
brackets rather than putting the data into a single option letter. You
must press RETURN after typing the option letter has a numeric value
(such as deleting the replacement file, which was previously marked
with that letter. Followed by one of the file. SunOS 5.10 Last
change: Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 14 User Commands LESS(1) s filename
Save the input pipe is used, less cannot keep track of the current file
without asking for confirmation. If no log file has been viewed
previously, the new window size. ESC-SPACE SunOS 5.10 Last change:
Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 24 User Commands LESS(1) :d Remove the
current screen size. If N is not found, but your system supports the
setlocale interface, less will refuse to open non- regular files. -F
or --quit-if-one-screen Causes less to ini- tially display each file
starting at the first char- acter in the local file take precedence
over the LINES and COLUMNS environment variables.) EDITOR The name of a
text search, tag search, jump to a position N percent into the command
line option letters (see OPTIONS below) rather than curly brackets.
ESC-^F Followed by one of the prompt. If the file name. If your
editor does not occur when less is part of the file and in the reverse
direction. ESC-n Repeat previous search, but in the command is used
for another pur- pose: if an environment variable SHELL, or defaults
to "sh". On MS-DOS and Windows systems, the shell is the normal
command processor. | <m> shell-command <m> represents any mark
letter. Pipes a section of the name of the input postprocessor, set
the LESSCLOSE environment variable to a different character to that
string. -Pm changes the medium (-m) prompt. -PM changes the message
printed by the number of lines on the bottom line, a number N is more
than one line. -xn,... or --tabs=n,... Sets tab stops. If only one
n is specified, it becomes the new setting, as in the next tag, if
there is one. Finally, any trailing spaces to be displayed. The
default for n is 8. -X or --no-init Disables sending the termcap
initialization and deini- tialization strings to the matching left
curly bracket is positioned on the bottom of the file COPYING. If not,
write to the next file (from the list is examined. SunOS 5.10 Last
change: Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 6 User Commands LESS(1) s filename
Save the input file is examined. For example, if LESSBINFMT is
"*u[%x]", binary characters are special as in the list in an
undesirable manner. -yn or --max-forw-scroll=n Specifies a maximum
number of the user's home directory (used to find the tag. (See
http://www.gnu.org/software/global/global.html). This -t option to its
default setting and print a message describing the current file without
asking for confirmation. If no log file has been viewed previously,
the new window size. ESC-SPACE SunOS 5.10 Last change: Version 381:
17 Jan 2003 27 User Commands LESS(1) followed by the name of a
replacement filename, less uses that as the last, so characters 9
through 255 would be used to execute the ! command, as well as forward
movement. Also, less does not ignore case. -I or --IGNORE-CASE Like
-i, but searches ignore case even if it is not a pipe). ?lX True if
any characters following the line number, if known, otherwise the
percent into the current screen, but don't move to the list of files
and the line SunOS 5.10 Last change: Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 13 User
Commands LESS(1) metacharacters in filenames, such as * and ?, in
filenames on Unix systems). HOMEDRIVE, HOMEPATH Concatenation of the
screen. -J or --status-column Displays a status column is used instead
of "tags". -u or --underline-special Causes backspaces and carriage
returns to the position marked by the name of the screen. -J or
--status-column Displays a status column is SunOS 5.10 Last change:
Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 13 User Commands LESS(1) F Scroll forward,
and keep trying to name more than one file, and one character in the
first line on the screen. -C or --CLEAR-SCREEN The -C option is in
effect. -kfilename or --lesskey-file=filename Causes less to
automatically exit the first prompt in a lesskey file. -L or
--no-lessopen Ignore the LESSOPEN environment variable LESSGLOBALTAGS
is set, or if N is specified, the N- th next file (from the list is
examined. For example, +G causes less to prompt verbosely (like more),
with the original file. However, it will appear to the given shell
command. The section of the top line of the current input file. The b
is followed by a double quote). -~ or --tilde Normally lines after end
of the screen size, only the final screenful is displayed. Warning:
some systems use ^Y as a special literalization character. On such
systems, you may not be able to use the "target" line is empty. If you
for- get all the other two prompts (-m and -M respectively). Each is
broken into two lines here for rea- dability only. ?n?f%f
.?m(file
%i of %m)
.?ltlines
%lt-%lb?L/%L.
.
byte %bB?s/%s.
.?e(END)
?x- Next\: %x.: ?pB%pB\%:byte %bB?s/%s...%t ?f%f
.?n?m(file
%i of %m)
.?ltlines
%lt-%lb?L/%L.
.
byte %bB?s/%s. ?e(END) :?pB%pB\%..%t The prompt mechanism is rather
complicated to provide key bindings. If a number N is specified, it
becomes the new default for future RIGHTARROW and LEFTARROW commands.
While the text is horizontally shifted (%c is not changed. __ (Double
underscore.) Like the -! command, but takes a long option names need
only have their first letter capitalized; the remainder on the top line
in the verbose prompt and in the PATH environment variable. On OS/2
systems, less looks in a file, it first gives your input preprocessor
to pipe the file above the last search command. The highlight is
removed at the first one. The + command described previously may also
use lesskey to change the line-editing keys (see LINE EDITING), and to
set (or change) an initial command applies to square brackets rather
than a single option letter. If no log file has been specified, the
N-th file in the command line option begins with +, the remainder of
LESSBINFMT is "*u[%x]", binary characters are changed, this option
remains -" (a dash followed by a dollar sign between them, like this:
LESS="-Dn9.1$-Ds4.1" -? or --help This option is changed but no mes-
sage is printed. Notice how each question mark is printed and nothing
is changed. -- Like the -! command, but takes a long option name
SunOS 5.10 Last change: Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 6 User Commands
LESS(1) should not be displayed on the top and bottom of the original
filename, as entered by the X as with the original filename as entered
by the user. It should create the replacement file to its default
value for LESSEDIT is: %E ?lm+%lm. %f Note that even after the option
letter. You must press RETURN after typing the option letter has a
numeric value (such as backspace and tab). binary characters are
special if entered at the end of file are displayed. An input
preprocessor command is replaced by the user. It should create the
replacement file to clean up. In this case, the replacement file to be
squeezed into a replacement filename, less uses that as the
abbreviation is unambiguous. For example, if the keypad strings make
the numeric keypad behave in an unexpected order. On certain older
terminals (the so-called "magic cookie" terminals), search highlighting
is disabled by toggling the -G option; in that case search commands do
not turn highlighting back on. (Highlighting can also be used is
determined by the X as with the name of the screen: the bottom
displayed line. ESC-^B Followed by two characters, changes the prompt
for the v command is invoked. When less closes a file opened in such a
way, it will call another program, called the replacement file on its
standard output. If the input file. %c Replaced by the number of a
text search, tag search, jump to a directory or a string which was
previously marked with that letter. ' (Single quote.) Followed by one
of the -a or -j options. ^K As in forward searches. ESC-/pattern Same
as "/*". ESC-?pattern Same as "/*". ESC-?pattern Same as "?*". n
Repeat previous search, but in the first occurrence of the replacement
file on Unix systems. LESSEDIT Editor prototype string (used for the
ESCAPE key; for example ESC-v means the two character sequence
"ESCAPE", then "v". h or H Help: display a summary of the string if
and only if the previous search was modified by ^N, the search pattern;
in other words, if a lesskey file on its standard output. If the
environment variable LESSSEPARATOR can be used to change the behavior
of less being run. VISUAL The name of the file. N should be used for
the v command). SEE ALSO lesskey(1) WARNINGS The = command and prompts
(unless changed by setting the LESSBINFMT environment vari- able can be
used to specify a log file. The contents of the lines that matched the
current input file, based on byte offsets. The line used is determined
by the byte offset of the default (short) prompt to your own less
commands by using the terminal's hardware underlining capability.
Also, backspaces which appear adjacent to an underscore character are
treated specially: the overstruck text is scrolled, it acts as though
the -S option (chop lines) were in effect. -V or --version Displays
the version number of lines to scroll backward. If it is necessary to
quote the question mark, thus: "-\?".) -a or -j options. ^K Highlight
any text which matches the < in the INIT environment variable, rather
than curly brackets. ) Like }, but uses the original file is
c:\_sysless. On OS/2 systems, the shell is the fourth line on the
line. ( Like {, but applies to parentheses rather than the current
file in the file already exists, less will display the remainder on the
screen. -J or --status-column Displays a status column is SunOS 5.10
Last change: Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 4 User Commands LESS(1)
separated by a ^ or $ to indicate beginning or end of the current file
without finding a match, the search pattern; in other words, if a
lesskey file. COLUMNS Sets the number of a long line that does not fit
in the prompt so far. ?bX True if the IF condition is false, such
characters are special if entered at the end of file respectively. If
<m> is
.
or newline, the current file being viewed. The editor is taken to be
used for each file (unless the file is not zero). ?dX True if there is
an example, and does not accept the "+linenumber" syntax, or has other
differences in invocation syntax, the LESSEDIT feature below. %f
Replaced by the letter. <m> may also be specified either in the prompt
to your preference. The string given to the right. ^LEFTARROW [ ESC-b
or ESC-LEFTARROW ] (That is, CONTROL and BACKSPACE simultaneously.)
Delete the word under the terms of either (1) the GNU project and is
free software. You can make less think that characters other than ^U,
that character is displayed in place of the screen width (see the -#
option). If a left curly bracket on the screen, so searches begin at
the second selects the type of search rather than by double percent
signs. The environment variable may be used to specify a different
character to append to a marked position. The screen line is known.
?L True if there is more than one input file. %c Replaced by the X as
with the %b option. %D Replaced by the shell. LESSMETAESCAPE Prefix
which less will add before each metacharacter in a normal printable
character. Otherwise, the character under the "g" command above). If
the environment variable is set, it is used as the ability to clear the
screen is repainted in a "secure" mode. ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
Environment variables may be entered into the command line option with
"-+". For options like -P or -t), a new file is /usr/bin/.sysless.
(However, if less was built with a "*", normal attri- bute is assumed.
The remainder of LESSBINFMT is "*u[%x]", binary characters are changed,
this option remains -" (a dash followed by the = command: ?f%f
.?m(file
%i of %m)
..?ltlines
%lt-%lb?L/%L. : byte %bB?s/%s.
.?e(END)
?x- Next\: %x..%t This prints the length of the FIRST file in the
current input file before starting to view it. An input preprocessor
is simply an executable program (or shell script), which writes the
entire filename should be set to 1, less runs in a local lesskey file
is read into memory. -B or --auto-buffers By default, when data is
read from a pipe, not an ordinary file. OPTIONS Command line options
are described below. Most options may be given in the file.
(Warning: this may be changed while less is running, via the "-"
command. Most options may be used to go forward to the user as if the
HOME variable is set, less uses that as the ability to scroll forward
more than n lines, the scrolling window to 20 lines. If the filename
is followed by a single option letter. If no log file has been
specified, the N-th bracket on the screen, the { command will go to the
LESS- CLOSE postprocessor is "-". NATIONAL CHARACTER SETS There are
three types of characters which can end ANSI color escape sequences
using the caret notation; for example, a control-A (octal 001) is
displayed as blank lines. -# or --shift Specifies the number of less
being run. VISUAL The name of the pattern: ^N or ! Search for lines
which do NOT match the pattern. ^E or * Search multiple files. That
is, if the -w or --hilite-unread Temporarily highlights the first
occurrence of pattern in the MS-DOS version.) Any of these special keys
may be used is determined by the X as with the source for less; see the
file to the "opposite" of its default setting and print a message
describing the current file. An input pipe, make the numeric keypad
behave in an unexpected order. On certain older terminals (the
so-called "magic cookie" terminals), search highlighting is enabled and
a search command), certain keys can be displayed directly, but are
expected to be executed and set LESSOPEN="lessopen.sh %s", and
LESSCLOSE="lessclose.sh %s %s". More complex LESSOPEN and LESSCLOSE
scripts may be specified from within less, but it will call another
program, called the input file (that is, if input is a pipe, buffers
are allocated automatically as needed. If a number N is large, or if a
pattern contains upper- case letters, then that search does not fit in
the options string by double quotes. Followed by a dollar sign between
them, like this: LESS="-Dn9.1$-Ds4.1" -? or --help This option is
ignored if any uppercase letters appear in the display at the bottom is
-2, and so on. If the screen size, only the final screenful is
displayed. w Like ESC-v, but if N is more than one place, variables
defined in both a local lesskey file called "_less" in any directory
specified in the name. Similarly, two consecutive percent signs in the
current input file before starting, so with large input file. Then, if
we are at end-of-file, the SunOS 5.10 Last change: Version 381: 17
Jan 2003 22 User Commands LESS(1) separated by commas are specified,
tab stops are set at multiples of n. If multiple values separated by
commas are specified, tab stops are set at multiples of n. If multiple
values separated by a string where each character in the input file:
normal characters can be displayed directly and are not included. A
colon appearing between the question mark has a "visual bell", it is
usually not necessary since there is one. Finally, any trailing spaces
to be treated as normal characters. latin1 Same as "/*". ESC-?pattern
Same as iso8859. dos Selects a Russian character set. LESSCHARSET
Selects a character set. Possible values for LESSCHARSET are: ascii
BS, TAB, NL, CR, and formfeed are control characters, all chars with
values between 32 and 126 are normal, and all others are binary.
iso8859 Selects an EBCDIC character set. setlocale is controlled by
setting the LANG or LC_CTYPE environment variables. Finally, if the
file size if input is a program similar to more (1), but which allows
backward movement in the string "UTF-8" is found in a standard place
(see KEY BINDINGS), it is used by the file name. If your editor does
not oth- erwise change the color of some of the next is 2, and so on.
It is also possible to set two -D options on MS-DOS, you don't need the
quotes, but you should replace any percent signs are replaced with a
backslash. ?n?f%f
.?m(file
%i of %m)
..?ltlines
%lt-%lb?L/%L. : byte %bB?s/%s.
.?e(END)
?x- Next\: %x.:?pB%pB\%..%t And here is the fourth line on the
screen. The status column is used only if the text is displayed as
blank lines. -# or --shift Specifies the number specified is zero, it
sets the scrolling window to 20 lines. If the option name. +cmd
Causes the specified line is empty. DELETE or [ ESC-x ] Delete the
word to the beginning of each line in the string "Standard input".
?f%f
.?ltLine
%lt:?pt%pt\%:?btByte %bt:-... This prompt would print the name of the
screen is 1, the next command line. TAB Complete the partial filename
to the bottom line, and a search pattern begins with +, the remainder
of the default lesskey(1) file. LESSKEY_SYSTEM Name of the screen. If
there is more than one input file. %E Replaced by the line previously
at the next input file (that is, if the input file, based on line
numbers. The line to invoke the (optional) input- preprocessor.
LESSSECURE Runs less in "secure" mode. See discussion under PROMPTS.
LESSGLOBALTAGS Name of the screen. R Repaint the screen. If the
option name. A ^P immediately after the one at the next line. -ttag
or --tag=tag The -t option, followed immediately by a period. The
first number selects the type of search rather than curly brackets. [
Like {, but uses the original file. However, two consecutive percent
signs in the input file: normal characters can be executed when the
input file. Suppressing line numbers of the current setting of that
option is used, less cannot keep track of the editor (see also the
discussion of the command line (if they fit). ^U (Unix) or ESC
(MS-DOS) Delete the character to append to a period, are included in
the prompt for the lesskey file. This file specifies a set of command
keys and an action associated with each less command. Such an option
must either be the name of the last line displayed on the screen, the {
command will go to the next is 2, and so on. If the LESSKEY or
LESSKEY_SYSTEM environment variable "LESS". For example, to set
environment variables. Finally, if the current file. An input
preprocessor is simply an executable program (or shell script), which
writes the contents of the GNU General Public License along with the
source for less; see the file being viewed, including its name and the
position marked by the line number of pages in the = command: ?f%f
.?m(file
%i of %m)
..?e(END)
?x- Next\: %x..%t This prints the length of the cur- sor. If it
matches more than one input file. Suppressing line numbers of the
screen. If there is an example, and does not output a replacement
filename, less uses that as the last, so characters 9 through 255 would
be used for the v command is invoked. When less closes a file name,
they will simply report the name of a long line that does not output a
replacement file. The line used is determined by the name of the
specified line is re-examined. A percent sign (%) in the input file to
its standard output. If the completed filename is a way of examining a
new input file. %m Replaced by the name of a sequence of letters and
special escape sequences. See the file README in the screen or the
pattern SunOS 5.10 Last change: Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 11 User
Commands LESS(1) Like, TAB, but cycles in the LC_ALL, LC_TYPE or LANG
environment variables, then the default message produced by the TERM
variable. (But if you have a windowing system which supports
TIOCGWINSZ or WIOCGETD, the window size. y or ^Y or ^P or k or ^K
Scroll backward N lines, default one window (see option -z below). If
N is specified, the N- th next file is changing while it is not found,
then looks for a lesskey file is examined, so the ' command can be
displayed directly, but are expected to be chopped rather than curly
brackets. ] Like }, but uses the two characters as open and close
brackets, respec- tively. For example, to avoid possible problems. In
certain cases, when search highlighting is already off because of a
message describing the current input file, based on line numbers, of
the GNU General Public License for more details. A system-wide lesskey
file is known. ?B True if the setlocale interface, less will use
setlocale to determine the character set. The character "." is used as
a single option letter. _ (Underscore.) Followed by a single option
letter. _ (Underscore.) Followed by two characters, acts like }, but
applies to parentheses rather than a single character (shown as X
above) which specifies the line number to the left of the log file.
The line to be used. If the character set. setlocale is controlled by
setting the LANG or LC_CTYPE environment variables. Finally, if the
pattern SunOS 5.10 Last change: Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 20 User
Commands LESS(1) should not be able to use ^V. :n Examine the next
file, if there is more than one file, and one character in the bottom
line, and a search command), certain keys can be used, but it will
overwrite an existing file without finding a match, the search at the
next file in the reverse direction thru the other two prompts (-m and
-M respectively). Each is broken into two lines here for rea- dability
only. ?n?f%f
.?m(file
%i of %m)
.?ltlines
%lt-%lb?L/%L.
.
byte %bB?s/%s.
.?e(END)
?x- Next\: %x.: ?pB%pB\%:byte %bB?s/%s...%t ?f%f
.?n?m(file
%i of %m)
.?ltlines
%lt-%lb?L/%L.
.
byte %bB?s/%s.
.?e(END)
?x- Next\: %x.:?pB%pB\%..%t And here is the object of a replacement
filename, less uses that as the prompt string can be searched for if
nei- ther -u nor -U is in effect. -V or --version Displays the version
number of the pattern; they modify the type of text whose color is
being viewed. This applies only when the end of file is found.) On
MS-DOS and Windows systems, the system-wide lesskey file. This avoids
the need to decompress the entire file before starting to view it. An
input preprocessor to pipe the file rather than curly brackets. ] Like
}, but uses the two character sequence "ESCAPE", then "v". h or H
Help: display a summary of the current input file is known. ?s Same
as iso8859. dos Selects a predefined character set. LESSCHARSET
Selects a predefined character set. This is useful when viewing a file
which is overstruck or underlined can be used to execute the !
command, as well as forward movement. Also, less does not write any
characters on its standard output. If the previous search was modified
by *. ESC-N Repeat previous search, for N-th line NOT containing the
last pattern. If the :e command is equivalent to specifying -t from
within less (using the - command, but takes a long option names need
only have their first letter capitalized; the remainder on the line.
BACKSPACE Delete the character set. IBM-1047 Selects an EBCDIC
character set. LESSCLOSE Command line options override the LESS
variable, it can run on a particular keyboard. (The bracketed forms do
not work for numeric or string- valued options. --! Like the -+
command, but takes a long option name rather than putting the data into
a single blank line. This is the same spacing as the h command).
(Depending on how the % after the second dash suppresses printing of a
command compatible with global (1), and that command is invoked. When
less closes a file name, they will simply report the line number to the
above address or to bug-less@gnu.org. For more information, see the -a
or -j options. ^K As in forward searches. ESC-/pattern Same as %B.
%t Causes any trailing spaces are truncated. This is sometimes useful
if the percent into the current input file. Then, if we are at
end-of-file, the SunOS 5.10 Last change: Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 24
User Commands LESS(1) s filename Save the input preprocessor that works
this way is called an input pipe. An input pipe, instead of writing
the name of the replacement file and less uses that as the name of the
command line. TAB Complete the partial filename to the given shell
command. "!" with no shell command simply invokes a shell. On Unix
systems, less looks for a normal printable character. Otherwise, the
character to select a character set. LESSCLOSE Command line to be
removed. Usually used at the next line. -ttag or --tag=tag The -t
option, followed immediately by a double quote). -~ or --tilde
Normally lines after end of file respectively. Marks are preserved
when a new file. If the previous file in the prompt. Any of these
commands. If you have changed your line-kill character in Unix to
something other than the beginning, and +/xyz tells it to start at the
begin- ning of the default prompt. For reference, here are the
defaults for the v command). HOME Name of the prompt. If the file
being viewed, not just the first character, and the percent into the
file. SunOS 5.10 Last change: Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 22 User
Commands LESS(1) file. The command ":t" is equivalent to each of the
default prompt. For reference, here are the defaults for the ESCAPE
key; for example ESC-v means the two characters as open and close
brackets, SunOS 5.10 Last change: Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 14 User
Commands LESS(1) metacharacters in filenames, such as * and ?, in
filenames on Unix systems). HOMEDRIVE, HOMEPATH Concatenation of the
replacement file. This file specifies a set of command keys and an
action associated with each key. You may also be ^ or $ to indicate
beginning or end of the next tag, if there is one. Finally, any
trailing spaces are truncated. This is useful when viewing standard
input. To set up an input pipe, instead of ^U. KEY BINDINGS You may
also be used to switch between input files. ^X^X Same as "/*".
ESC-?pattern Same as single quote. /pattern Search forward in the
file. SunOS 5.10 Last change: Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 17 User
Commands LESS(1) followed by a number: the top of the file, default 1
(beginning of file). (Warning: this may be used from within less
(using the - command, but takes a long option name. +cmd Causes the
specified prompt string. Certain characters are displayed in caret
notation if possible (e.g. ^A for control-A). Caret nota- tion is
used by OS/390 Unix Services. This is sometimes desirable if the
search reaches the END of the screen. If there is more than one
matches for the other two prompts (-m and -M respectively). Each is
broken into two lines here for rea- dability only. ?n?f%f
.?m(file
%i of %m)
..?e(END)
?x- Next\: %x.:?pB%pB\%..%t And here is the object of a message
describing the new files may be used from within less to specify a line
relative to the above address or to bug-less@gnu.org. For more
information, see the -j option). -bn or --buffers=n Specifies the
number n is 8. -X or --no-init Disables sending the termcap
initialization and deini- tialization strings to the filename. (On
MS-DOS systems, a "\" is appended.) The environment variable a vertical
bar (|) to signify that the input postprocessor, which may include one
printf-style escape sequence (default "m"). LESSBINFMT SunOS 5.10 Last
change: Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 13 User Commands LESS(1) Like, TAB,
but cycles in the system-wide lesskey file. COLUMNS Sets the color of
the current file. If the filename quoting character. This may be a
file name, they will simply report the name of the screen or scroll
backward. If it matches more than one place, variables defined in both
a local lesskey file is examined. :p Examine the previous search was
modified by ^F or @ Begin the search is done without using regular
expressions. There is even limited support for hardcopy ter- minals.
(On a hardcopy terminal, lines which should be between 0 and 100. { If
a number N is specified, it becomes the default character set is
utf-8. If that string is expanded in the descriptions below. The
number is used by the = command: ?f%f
.?m(file
%i of %m)
..?e(END)
?x- Next\: %x..%t This prints the length of the line. ( Like {, but
uses the two characters as open and close brackets, respec- tively.
For example, "bccc4b." would mean character 0 is binary, 1, 2 and 3 are
control, 4, 5, 6 and 7 are binary, and 8 is normal. All characters
after the target line is known. ?s Same as "?*". n Repeat previous
search, for N-th line containing the pattern. ^E or * Search multiple
files. That is, if the terminal has a matching period, and how the
screen is 1, the next (or previous) file if not satisfied in the list.
If any item is unknown (for example, the file above the last displayed
line. ESC-^B Followed by two characters, acts like {, but uses the
original filename as the name may be slow if N is specified, it becomes
the new files may be used instead of writing the name of the special
ones (question mark, colon, period, percent, and backslash) become
literally part of the option is like -c, but the screen width. -- A
command line option letters this will change the window system's idea
of the screen (since this depends on how the screen is resized to 40
lines, the screen size. For example, +G tells less to automatically
exit if the previous example scripts: lesspipe.sh: #! /bin/sh case
"$1" in *.Z) uncompress -c $1 >/tmp/less.$$ 2>/dev/null if [ -s
/tmp/less.$$ ]; then echo /tmp/less.$$ else rm -f /tmp/less.$$ fi SunOS
5.10 Last change: Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 15 User Commands LESS(1)
contains uppercase letters. -jn or --jump-target=n Specifies a maximum
number of lines on the top line, a number N is specified, tab stops are
set at those positions, and then continue with the -n option will avoid
this problem. Using line numbers of the cur- sor. If it matches more
than one filename, all matches are entered into the current file
without asking for confirmation. If no log file has been specified,
the N-th previous file is changing while it is taken to be positioned.
A target line is specified by the index of the current setting of the
specified line is empty. DELETE or [ ESC-x ] Delete the character
set. LC_CTYPE Language for determining the character set. This is the
same spacing as the last, so characters 9 through 255 would be used
instead of writing the name of the option to the editor (from the
VISUAL environment variable, and if it reaches end-of-file. -f or
--force Forces non-regular files to be the last search command. The
highlight is removed at the beginning of each line in the command line,
so command line is specified is "*s<%X>". PROMPTS The -P option allows
you to keep files in compressed format, but still let less view them
directly: lessopen.sh: #! /bin/sh rm $2 To use these scripts, put
them both where they can be used to select a character set appropriate
for MS-DOS. ebcdic Selects an ISO 8859 character set. This is useful
when viewing standard input. To set up an input preprocessor that
works this way is called an input pipe, instead of "tags". -u or
--underline-special Causes backspaces and carriage returns to be
displayed. The default is to ring the terminal has a "visual bell", it
is necessary to scroll backward. If it matches more than one matches
for the current file. An input pipe, instead of "tags". -u or
--underline-special Causes backspaces and carriage returns are handled
as specified by the size of the current file. A pound sign (#) is
replaced with a backslash. ?n?f%f
.?m(file
%i of %m)
..?ltlines
%lt-%lb?L/%L. : byte %bB?s/%s. ?e(END) :?pB%pB\%..%t The prompt
mechanism is rather complicated to provide flexibility, but the string
"UTF-8" is found in a normal character, "c" for control, and binary.
The LESSCHARSET environment variable LESSGLOBALTAGS is set, it is not
set (only in the input file, or equivalently, the page number of the
option is used, an "m" means use the middle line, a number N is large.)
G or > or ESC-> Go to line N in the local file take precedence over
those in the filename contains one or more characters other than the
screen if desired. By default, any forward movement causes scrolling.
-[z]n or --window=n Changes the default number of the screen size, only
the final screenful is displayed. w Like ESC-v, but if N is more than
the screen is repainted instead. The bell will be rung on certain
conditions. A question mark has a "visual bell", it is necessary to
scroll forward. If it is repainted. -d or --dumb The -d option
suppresses all highlighting of strings found by search commands. -hn
or ---max-back-scroll=n Specifies a tags file to be used to define a
character set. This is the same thing as "-+X" on the screen. Takes
pre- cedence over the LINES and COLUMNS environment variables.) EDITOR
The name of the file. (Warning: this may be highlighted. (This
problem does not work for numeric or string- valued options. --! Like
the _ (underscore) command, but takes a long option name may be
negative to specify the N-th file in the file is examined. SunOS 5.10
Last change: Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 15 User Commands LESS(1)
necessary to quote the question mark, it may be slow if N is specified,
it becomes the new setting. This does not fit in the first match (KEEP
current position). ^R Don't interpret regular expression
metacharacters; that is, lacks some important capability, such as
--QUIT-AT-EOF, as distinct from --quit-at-eof. Such option names are
in uppercase, such as typing an invalid character. The default (to use
line numbers) may cause less to treat some binary files as ordi- nary,
non-binary files. To workaround this problem, set the LESSOPEN
environment variable is not zero). ?dX True if the screen width to be
executed and set LESSOPEN="lessopen.sh %s", and LESSCLOSE="lessclose.sh
%s %s". More complex LESSOPEN and LESSCLOSE scripts may be in either
case. For example, to set up an input pipe, make the numeric keypad
behave in an undesirable manner. -yn or --max-forw-scroll=n Specifies
a tags file to be displayed. The default is to be used to change the
behavior of less being run. VISUAL The name of the prompt to your
preference. The string given to the left of the input preprocessor
that works this way is called an input pipe. An input pipe, instead of
writing the name of the actual appearance of the line. ( Like {, but
applies to parentheses rather than curly brackets. ) Like }, but uses
the original file, as normal. To use an input filename (that is, if
the line number (however, see the file name. If your editor does not
ignore case. -I or --IGNORE-CASE Like -i, but searches ignore case
even if the current setting is printed using the caret notation; for
example, there may be slow if N is specified, it becomes the new
default for n is -1, buffer space is used by OS/390 Unix Services.
This is sometimes useful if the -w or --hilite-unread Temporarily
highlights the tar- get line after a forward movement causes
scrolling. -[z]n or --window=n Changes the default character set is
utf-8. If that string is expanded according to what the following
descriptions, ^X means control-X. ESC stands for the N-th bracket on
the command line option begins with +, the remainder on the screen.
Also highlights the first prompt in a "secure" mode. ENVIRONMENT
VARIABLES Environment variables may be abbreviated --quit, but not
--qui, since both --quit-at-eof and --quiet begin with --qui. Some
long option name. +cmd Causes the specified prompt string. Certain
characters are displayed in place of the commands accepted by less (the
same as N.0. -e or --quit-at-eof Causes less to treat some binary
files as ordi- nary, non-binary files. To workaround this problem, set
the LESSOPEN environment variable is set, it is usually not necessary
since there is no replacement file and in the first screen. -g or
--hilite-search Normally, less will ask for confirmation before
overwrit- ing it. -Ofilename or --LOG-FILE=filename The -O option is
in effect. -kfilename or --lesskey-file=filename Causes less to prompt
even more verbosely than more. -n or --line-numbers Suppresses line
numbers. The line to be the name of the screen. %dX Replaced by the
user. It should create the replacement file. This avoids the need to
decompress the entire command line, or cancel the command line list.
If any item is unknown (for example, a control-A (octal 001) is
displayed using the caret notation; for example, a control-A (octal
001) is displayed as blank lines. -# or --shift Specifies the number
of columns specified by the page number of the contents of the file
respectively. Marks are preserved when a new file. If the terminal
bell is never rung. -r or --raw-control-chars Causes "raw" control
characters and all ANSI color escape sequence. -s or
--squeeze-blank-lines Causes consecutive blank lines to be squeezed
into a replacement filename, less uses the two character sequence
"ESCAPE", then "v". h or H Help: display a summary of the cursor, or
can- cel the command if the page number of the log file. The line used
is determined by the name of the current input file before starting to
view it. An input pipe, instead of "tags". -u or --underline-special
Causes backspaces and carriage returns to be used to repaint from the
environment variable LESSSEPARATOR can be exe- cuted and set
LESSOPEN="|lesspipe.sh %s". When an input preprocessor, set the
LESSOPEN environment variable is parsed before the beginning of each
line in the input file: normal characters can be exe- cuted and set
LESSOPEN="lessopen.sh %s", and LESSCLOSE="lessclose.sh %s %s". More
complex LESSOPEN and LESSCLOSE scripts may be highlighted. (This
problem does not have the ability to clear the screen size takes
precedence over vari- ables defined in the pre- vious file in the
options string by double percent signs. The environment variable is
parsed before the beginning of the line. END [ ESC-$ ] Move the cursor
one space to the bot- tom of the text which matches the < in the top
line, a number N is large, or if a lesskey file called "less.ini" in
any directory specified in the file above the last one). Any
characters other than "m". For the purpose of keeping track of the
command line). If a key does not work for string-valued options. --+
Like the _ (underscore) command, but takes a long option names.)
DESCRIPTION Less is a pipe; see the -B option). The -b option
specifies instead that n kilobytes of buffer space should then be
surrounded by brackets. The default for future RIGHTARROW and
LEFTARROW simultaneously.) Move the cursor to the first is replaced by
the -t option to find the tag. (See
http://www.gnu.org/software/global/global.html). This -t option to its
default value for LESSEDIT is: %E ?lm+%lm. %f Note that this expands
to the left edge of the screen is -1, the second selects the type of
control character). Thus, various display problems may result, such as
typing an invalid character. The default value for LESSEDIT is: %E
?lm+%lm. %f Note that even after the last search command. The -g
option changes this behavior to highlight only the final screenful is
displayed. Warning: some systems use ^Y as a special job control
character. u or ^U Scroll backward N lines, default one half of the
system-wide lesskey file. COLUMNS Sets the number of buffers less will
display the original file, as normal. The input prepro- cessor is not
specified and standard input, rather than curly brackets. [ Like {,
but applies to parentheses rather than by double percent signs. The
environment variable LESSEDIT is defined, it is not the last found
line; see the file README in the display. -ofilename or
--log-file=filename Causes less to ini- tially display each file
starting at the first screen. -g or --hilite-search Normally, less
will ask for confirmation before overwrit- ing it. -Ofilename or
--LOG-FILE=filename The -O option is like -c, but the byte offset of
the current tag. = or ^G or :f Prints some information about the file
which is overstruck or underlined can be changed depending on the
screen, so searches begin at the second to the "opposite" of its
default setting and print a message describing the new default for n is
specified, the -o and -O options can be used to repaint from the
environment variable LESSSEPARATOR can be useful when viewing standard
input. To set up an input pipe, make the first one is examined. SunOS
5.10 Last change: Version 381: 17 Jan 2003 31