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NEED TO MEMORIZE FOR NCLEX

Tonometry: normal (10-21 mm Hg)


PR Interval: normal (0.12-0.20 seconds)
Serum Amylase: normal (2-11 un!ts"d#)
Serum Ammon!a: normal ($ to % mcg"d#)
&alc!um: adult ('.%-10 mg"d#)
c(!ld (' to 10. mg"d#)
term)1*ee+ (, to 12 mg"d#)
Part!al T(rom-o.last!n T!me (aPTT): normal (20-$% seconds) t(era.eut!c 1.-2.
Prot(rom-!n T!me: normal (/ale: 0.%-11.' seconds) and
(1emale: 0.-11.$ seconds)
Platelet &ount: normal (102000-3002000 cells"u#)
Al-um!n level: normal ($.3 to g"d#)
Serum 4smolal!ty: normal (2' to 20 m4sm"+g)
(!g( value !nd!cates de(ydrat!on
Sa5e Suct!on Range: normal 6In5ant7 0-0 mm Hg
6&(!ld7 0-11 mm Hg
6Adult7100-120 mm Hg)
Serum #!t(!um: normal (1 to 1. m89"#)
acute man!a (0.% to 1.3 m89"#) ma!ntenance treatment
P(enyto!n (:!lant!n): normal serum (10 to 20 mcg"m#)
:!go;!n: t(era.eut!c -lood level (0.' to 2.0 ng"ml)
/agnes!um Sul5ate: T(era.eut!c Range (3 to ' mg"dl)
Pregnancy Tem.erature: normal ($%.2-$,.% celc!us or 0'-00.% 1aren(e!t)
<=&>s In Pregnancy: normal (112000 to 12000 cells"mm$2 u. to 1'2000 cells"mm$).
Immed!ate .ost.artum .er!od2 (may-e as (!g( as 22000 to $02000 cells"mm$)
Stomach Capacity:
?e*-orn !n5ant (10 to 20 m#)
1-*ee+-old ($0 to %0 m#)
2-$-*ee+-old !n5ant (, to 100 m#)
1-mont(-old !n5ant (00 to 10 m#)
#e5t Atr!al Pressure: normal (1 to 10 mm Hg)
1!-r!nogen #evels: normal (male: 1'0 to $30 mg"d#) and
(5emale: 100 to 320 mg"d#)
INSULIN
(Regular2 Humul!n R)
Ty.e: 1ast act!ng
4nset: @ -1 (r
Pea+: 2-3 (r
:urat!on: %-' (r Insul!n
(?PH2 Humul!n ?)
Ty.e: Intermed!ate act!ng
4nset: 2(r
1
Pea+: %-12(r
:urat!on 1'-2%(r Insul!n
(Altralente2 Humul!n A)
Ty.e: Slo* act!ng
4nset: 3(r
Pea+: '-20(r
:urat!on: 23-$%(r Insul!n
(Humul!n ,0"$0)
Ty.e: &om-!nat!on
4nset: @ (r
Pea+: 2-12(r
:urat!on: 23(r
&entral Benous Pressure: ) $ mm Hg C !nade9uate Du!d and E11 mm Hg C too muc(
Du!d
Potass!um: $.-.0 m89"#
Sod!um: 1$-13 m89"#
&alc!um: 3.-.2 m89"# or '.%-10 mg"d#
/agnes!um: 1.-2. m89"#
&(lor!de: 0%-10, m89"#
P(os.(orus: 2., to 3. mg"d#
PR measurements: normal (0.12 to 0.20 second)
FRS measurements: normal (0.03 to 0.10 second)
Ammon!a: $ to % ug"d#
Amylase:2 to 11 IB"#
#!.ase: 10 to 130 A"#
&(olesterol: 130 to 100 mg"d#
#:#: )1$0 mg"d#
H:#: $0 to ,0 mg"d#
Tr!glycer!des: )200 mg"d#
=!lr!u-!n
G :!rect: 0 to 0.$ mg"d#
G Ind!rect: 0.1 to 1.0 mg"d#
G Total: )1. mg"d#
Prote!n: %.0 to '.0 g"d#
Ar!c ac!d: /ale 3. to ' mg"d#
1emale 2. to %.$ mg"d#
Hlycosylated Hemoglo-!n H-A1c: good control ,.I or less
Serum creat!n!ne: 0.% to 1.$ mg"d#
=A?: 0-2 mg"d#
2
?ormal &J !s 2%-1,3 A"#
Tro.on!n I value: normal ()0.% ng"m#)
Tro.on!n T E0.1 to 0.2 ng"m# C /I
8ryt(rocyte stud!es: 0-$0 mm"(our
Serum !ron: /ale %-1, ug"d#
1emale 0-1,0 ug"d#
R=&: /ale 3. to %.2 /"u#
1emale 3.0 to . /"u#
T(eo.(yll!ne levels normal (10 to 20 mcg"dl)
AT THE PLAY GROUND
K Stranger an;!ety: 0 -1 year K Parallel .lay: 2 L $ years
K Se.arat!on an;!ety: 1 - $ years K Hrou. .lay: $ L 3 years
K Sol!tary .lay: 0 L 1 year
PSYCHOLOGICAL DEELOPMENT
AH8 8RIJS4? 1R8A: PIAH8T
In5ant
0 L 1.
Trust vs. m!strust
(trust M
de.endence
4ral sensor!motor
Toddler
1. -$
Autonomy vs.
s(ame
Anal ((old!ng vs.
lett!ng out)
.reo.erat!onal
Pre-sc(ool
$ - %
In!t!at!ve vs. gu!lt
P(all!c (4ed!.us
com.le;)
.reo.erat!onal
Sc(ool age
% - 11 Industry
vs. !n5er!or!ty
latency
&oncrete
o.erat!onal
11 - 20
Ident!ty vs. role
con5us!on
gen!tal
1ormal
o.erat!onal
20 L 2
Int!macy vs.
!solat!on
2 L 0
Henerat!v!ty vs.
stagnat!on
0 - N
Integr!ty
vs.des.a!r
$
MOTOR DEELOPMENT
&(!n u. : 1 mont(
&(est u. : 2 mont(
Jnee .us( and Os*!mP : % mont(
S!ts alone"stands *!t( (el. : , mont(
&ra*ls on stomac( : ' mont(
Stands (old!ng on 5urn!ture : 10 mont(
<al+s *(en led : 11 mont(
Stands alone : 13 mont(
<al+s alone : 1 mont(
LA!ORATORY ALUES
ELECTROLYTES
Sod!um (?aQ): 1$ L 13 me9"#
(!ncrease-de(ydrat!onR decrease over(ydrat!on)
Potass!um (JQ): $. - .0 me9"#
/agnes!um (/gQQ): 1. L 2. me9"#
&alc!um (&aQQ): 3. L .' me9"#
?eonate : ,.0 to 12 mg"d#
&(!ld: '.0 to 10. mg"d#
P(os.(orus (P43): 1., L 2.% me9"#
&(lor!de (&l-): 0% L 10% me9"#
COAGULATION STUDIES
Act!vated .art!al t(rom-o.last!n t!me(APTT): 20 L $% seconds de.end!ng on t(e ty.e o5
act!vator used
Prot(rom-!n t!me(PT): male: 0.% L 11.' seconds
1emale: 0. L 11.$ seconds
Internat!onal ?ormal!Sed Rat!o(I?R): 2.0 - $.0 5or standard &oumad!n t(era.y
$.0 L 3. 5or (!g(-dose &oumad!n t(era.y
&lott!ng t!me: ' L 1 m!nutes
Platelet count: 102000 to 3002000 cells"Al
=leed!ng t!me: 2. to ' m!nutes
SERUM GASTROINTESTINAL STUDIES
Al-um!n: $.3 to g"d#
Al+al!ne .(os.(atase: 3. to 1$ J!ng-Armstrong un!ts"d#
Ammon!a: 1 to 3 ug"d#
Amylase: 0 L 1'0 Somogy! A"d# !n adult
20 L 1%0 Somogy! A"d# !n t(e older adult
=!l!ru-!n: d!rect: 0 - 0.$ mg"d#
Ind!rect: 0.1 L 1.0 mg"d#
Total: less t(an 1. mg"d#
&(olesterol: 120 L 200mg"d#
#!.ase: $1 -1'% A"#
#!.!ds: 300 L '00 mg"d#
Tr!clycer!des: ?ormal range: 10 L 100 mg"d#
3
=orderl!ne (!g(: 200 L 300 mg"d#
H!g(: 300 L 1000mg"d#
Bery (!g(: greater t(an 1000mg.d#
Prot!en: %.0 L '.0 g"#
Ar!c ac!d: male: 3. L ' ng"d#
1emale: 2. L %.2 ng"d#
GLUCOSE STUDIES
1ast!ng -lood sugar: ,0 L 10 mg"d#
Hlucose mon!tor!ng (ca.!llary =lood): %0 L 110 mg"d#
RENAL FUNCTION TEST
&reat!n!ne: 0.% L 1.$ mg"d#
=lood urea n!trogen (=A?): L 20 mg"d#
ERYTROCYTES STUDIES
8rytrocyte sed!mentat!on rate(8SR): 0 L $0 mm"(r de.end!ng on age
Hemoglo-!n: male: 13 L 1%. g"d#
1emale: 12 L 1 g"d#
Hematocr!t: male: 32I - 2I (!ncreased !n (emoconcentrat!on2 Du!d loss and
de(ydrat!on)
1emale: $I - 3,I ( decreased !n Du!d retent!on)
Red -lood cell (R=&): male: 3. to %.2 m!ll!on"u#
1emale: 3 to . m!ll!on"u#
<(!te -lood cell (<=&): 300 to 112000"u#
8rytrocyte Proto.ort(yr!n (8P) : )0ug"d#
P(enylalan!ne #evel: )2 mg"d#
PJA: E2 mg"d#
ARTERIAL !LOOD GAS "A!G#
.H: ,.$ L ,.3
P&42: $ - 3 mmHg
P42: '0 - 100 mmHg
H&4$: 22 - 2, m89"#
42 saturat!on: 0%I - 100I
Ac!d--ase ORA/SP(Res.!ratory Alternate2 /eta-ol!c Same)
GLASGO$ COMA SCALE
8ye o.en!ng res.onse
/otor res.onse
Ber-al res.onse
CRANIAL NERES MA%OR FUNCTIONS
I. 4l5actory (S) smell
II. 4.t!c (S) v!s!on

III. 4culomotor (/)


IB. Troc(lear (/) 8ye movement
B. Tr!gem!nal (S-/) 1ac!al sensat!on
Ta* movement
BI. A-ducent (/) 8ye movement
BII. 1ac!al (S-/) Taste
1ac!al e;.ress!on
BIII. Acoust!c (S) Hear!ng and -alance
IU. Hlosso.(aryngeal (S-/) Taste
T(roat sensat!on
Hag and s*allo*
U. Bagus (S-/) Hag and s*allo*
Parasym.at(et!c act!v!ty
UI. S.!nal Accessory (/) ?ec+ and -ac+ muscles
UII. Hy.oglossal (/) Tongue movement
K4n 4ld 4lym.us> To*er!ng To.s2 A 1!nn And Herman B!e*ed Some Ho.s
Some Says /arry /oney2 =ut /y =rot(er Says =ad =us!ness /arry /oney
AUTONOMIC NEROUS SYSTEM
SYMPATHETIC&ADRENERGIC
PARASYMPATHETIC&CHOLINERGIC
Heart Increased (eart rate :ecreased (eart rate
Increased conduct!on
Increased 5orce
=ronc(! d!lat!on constr!ct!on
HI tract Reduced mot!l!ty Increased mot!l!ty
Rectum Allo*s Vll!ng 8m.t!es rectum Rela;es !nternal s.(!ncter
=ladder Allo*s Vll!ng 8m.t!es -ladder Rela;es !nternal s.(!ncter
8rect!on /a!nta!ns erect!on
8Waculat!on Tr!ggers eWaculat!on
Pu.!ls o5 eye =!g (mydr!as!s) Small (m!os!s)
Sal!vary glands Secret!on
=lood vessels :e.ends on rece.tors
-a constr!ct
-- d!lates
FLO$ OF !LOOD THROUGH THE HEART
In5er!or vena cava and su.er!or vena cava L r!g(t atr!um L tr!cus.!d valve L r!g(t ventr!cle
L .ulmon!c valve L .ulmonary artery L lungs L .ulmonary ve!ns L le5t atr!um L -!cus.!d
%
valve (m!tral) L le5t ventr!cle L aort!c valve aorta L system!c c!rculat!on
CARDIAC IMPULSES
S!noatr!al (SA) node L r!g(t and le5t atr!a (atr!a contract) L atr!oventr!cular (AB) node L
-undle (!s L -undle -ra-c(es L .urW!nWe>s V-ers L ventr!cles contract.
=lood volume: 000m#
&entral venous .ressure: 3 to 10 cmH24 (!ncreased !n card!ac overloadR decreased !n
de(ydrat!on)
Pressure *!t(!n t(e r!g(t atr!um: 2 to , mmHg
&a.!llary reVll t!me: )$ seconds
?ormal s*eat c(lor!de: )30 m89"#
?ormal .u.!l d!ameter: $ to mm
?ormal ocular .ressure: 10 to 21 mmHg
?ormal Pulmonary ca.!llary *edge .ressure (P&<P): ' to 1$ mm(g
?ormal card!ac out.ut : 3 to ' #"m!n.
THERAPEUTIC SERUM MEDICATION LEELS
Acetam!no.en (Tylenol) 10 L 20 ug"m#
Am!+ac!n (Am!+!n) 2 L $0 ug"m#
Am!try.tyl!ne (8lav!l) 120 -10 ng"m#
&ar-amaSe.!ne (Tegretol) -12 ug"m#
&(loram.(en!col (&(loromycet!n) 10 L 20 ug"m#
:es!.ram!ne (?or.ram!n) 10 -$00 ng"m#
:!goto;!n ( &rystod!g!n) 1- 2 ng"m#
:!go;!n ( #ano;!n) 0. L 2.0 ng"m#
:!so.yram!de (?or.ase) 2 - ug"m#
8t(osu;!m!de ( Xaront!n) 30 L 100 ug"m#
Hentamyc!n (Haramyc!n) L 10 ug"m#
Im!.ram!de (To5ran!l) 10 L $00 ug"m#
#!doca!ne (Uyloca!ne) 1. L .0 ug"m#
#!t(!um (#!t(o-!d) 0. -1. ug"m#
/agnes!um sul.(ate 3 -, mg"d#
?ortr!.tyl!ne (Aventyl) 0 L 10 ng"m#
P(eno-ar-!tal (#um!nal) 10 L $0 ug"m#
P(enyto!n (:!lant!n) 10 -20 ug"m#
Pr!m!done (/yol!ne) L 20 ug"m#
Proca!nam!de (Pronestryl) 3 L 10 ug"m#
Pro.ranolol (Inderal) 0 L 100 ng"m#
Fu!n!d!ne (Fu!nalaglute2 &ard!o9u!n) 2 L ug"m#
Sal!sylate 100 -20 ug"m#
T(eo.(yll!ne (Am!n!.(yll!ne2 T(eo-:ur) 10 -20 ug"m#
To-ramyc!n (?e-c!n ) -10 ug"m#
Bal.ro!c ac!d (de.a+ene) 0 -100 ug"m#
Pulmonary ca.!llary *edge .ressure: to 1$ mmHg
Pulmonary artery .ressure: systol!c: 1% to $0 mmHg
,
:!astol!c: 0 to , mmHg
S.!nal .ressure: ,0 to 200mmH24
/or.(!ne sul.(ate .ed!atr!c dose: 0.1mg"+g every $ L 3 (our
SA#14?Y#AR8AS
1or treatment o5 ?I::/
Sul5onylureas s(ould not -e g!ven to .at!ents *!t( l!ver or +!dney 5a!lure.
Accummulat!on o5 drug *!ll !ncrease r!s+ o5 (y.oglycaem!a.
:ARATI4?
tol-utam!de : ' (
Hlyc-ur!de2 gl!.!S!de : 20 (2 most .otent
c(lor.ro.am!de : 3' (
Apoth'ca(y a)* Ho+,'ho-* Sy,t'm
Hra!n Lgr 1 gr C %0 mg
:ram L dr gr C $00 mg
4unce LoS 1 gr C 1000mg or 1g
/!n!m L m!n2 /2 m 1"10 gr C0.3 mg
Fuart L 9t 1 oS C $0 m#
P!nt L .t 1 dr C 3 m#
:ro. L gtt 1 T C 1 m# or $ ts.
Ta-les.oon L T or t-s 1 m!n C 1 gtt
Teas.oon L t or ts. 1 m!n C 1m#
Pound L l- %0 m!n C 1 dr
' dr C 1 oS
1 9t C 1000m# or 1#
1 9t C 2 .t or $2 oS
1 .t C 1% oS
1% oS C 1 l-
2.2l- C 1 +g
1a(ren(e!t to &elc!us (1 L $2) d!v!de 1.' C &
&elc!us to 1a(ren(e!t 1.' & Q $2 C 1
Fo(m+-a .o( Ca-c+-ati)/ a M'*icatio) Do,a/'
: (des!red ) C t(e dosage t(at t(e .(ys!c!an ordered
S (stoc+"ava!la-le) Ct(e dosage strengt( as stated on t(e med!cat!on la-el
F (9uant!ty ) C t(e volume t(at t(e dosage strengt( !s ava!la-le !n2 suc( as ta-let2
ca.sules2 or m#
: U F C U
S
Fo(m+-a, .o( I)t(a0')o+, Ca-c+-atio),
1lo* Rates:
Total volume ; gtt 5actor C gtt .er m!n
'
T!me !n m!nutes
In5us!on T!me:
Total volume to !n5use C In5us!on t!me
m# .er (our -e!ng !n5used
IMMUNIZATION
=!rt( He.at!t!s =
1 mont(s He.at!t!s =
2 mont(s 4PB2 :PT2 HI=
3 mont(s :PT2 HI=2 4PB
% mont(s :PT2 HI=2 (e.at!t!s =
12 mont(s HI=2 4PB
1 mont(s //R
1' mont(s :PT
12 L 1' mont(s Bar!cella vacc!ne
3 -% years :PT2 4PB2 //R
11 L 12 years //R ( !5 not adm!n!stered at 3 -% years)
11 L 1% T: -ooster
SPINAL CORD IN%URY
C'(0ica- I)1+(y:
&2 to &$ !nWury usually 5atal
&3 !s t(e maWor !nnervat!on to t(e d!a.(ragm -y t( .(ren!c nerve
Involvement a-ove t( &3 causes res.!ratory d!Zculty and .aralys!s o5 all t(e 5our
e;trem!t!es
& or -elo* cl!ent may (ave movement !n t(e s(oulder
Tho(acic L'0'- I)1+(y:
loss o5 movement o5 t(e c(est2 trun+2 -o*el2 -ladder2 and legs2 de.end!ng on t(e level
o5 !nWury
#eg .aralys!s (.ara.leg!a)
Autonom!c dysreDe;!a *!t( les!ons a-ove T% and !n cerv!cal les!ons
B!sceral d!stent!on 5rom a d!stended -ladder or !m.acted rectum may cause react!ons
suc( as s*eat!ng2 -radycard!a2 (y.ertens!on2 nasal stuZness2 and gooseDes(
L+m2a( a)* Sac(a- L'0'- I)1+(i',:
loss o5 movement and sensat!on o5 t(e lo*er e;trem!t!es.
S2 and S$ center on m!cturat!onR t(ere5ore -elo* t(!s level2 t(e -ladder *!ll contract -ut
not em.ty (neurogen!c -ladder)
InWury a-ove S2 !n males allo*s t(em to (ave an erect!on2 -ut t(ey are una-le to
eWaculate -ecause o5 sym.at(et!c nerve damage.
InWury -et*een S2 and S3 damages t(e sym.at(et!c and .arasym.at(et!c res.onse2
.revent!ng erect!on and eWaculat!on.
RULE OF NINE
0
Head and nec+ 0I Arms (0I) 1'I
Anter!or trun+ 1'I Poster!or trun+ 1'I
#egs (1'I) $%I Per!neum 1I
NORMAL ADULT $HITE !LOOD CELL DIFFERENTIAL
?eutro.(!ls %I or 1'000 L ,'00"u#
=ands $I or 0 L ,00"u#
8os!no.(!ls 2.,I or 0 L 30"u#
=aso.(!ls 0.$I or 0 L 200"u#
#ym.(ocytes $3I or 1000 L 3'00"u#
/onocytes 3I or 0 L '00"u#
THYROID STUDIES
T(yro!d Lst!mulat!ng (ormone (t(yrotro.!nR THS): 0.2 to .3 ug"d#
T(yro;!ne (T3): .0 to 12.0 ug"d#
T(yro;!ne 5ree (1T$) : 0.' to 2.3 ng"d#
Tr!!odot(yron!ne (T$): '0 to 2$0 ng"d#
?ormal 1r!-r!nogen level: 5or men: 1'0 to $30mg"d#
<omen: 100 to 320mg"d#
1r!-r!nogen !s used u. !n t(e clott!ng .rocess.
8ryt(rocyte Proto.or(yr!n (8P): ) 0ug"d#
P(enylalan!ne level: ) 2mg"d#
PJA: E2 mg"d#
Ar!ne s.ec!Vc grav!ty: 1.01% - 1.022 !ncrease !n SIA:HR decrease !n d!a-etes !ns!.!dus
?ormal &S1 .rote!n: 1 L 3 mg"d# !ncrease !n Hu!lla!n-=arre syndrome
?ormal &S1 .ressure: L 1 mmHg
?ormal serum osmolal!ty: 2' L 20 m4sml+gH24 !ncrease !n de(ydrat!onR
:ecrease !n over (ydrat!on
?ormal scal. .H: ,.2% and a-ove
=orderl!ne ac!dos!s: ,.20 to ,.2 " Ac!dos!s: ) ,.1
HER!AL MEDICINES
Aloe vera Hel L a-ras!onsand dermatolog!c cond!t!ons
Amer!can H!nseng (Pana; 9u!n9ue5ol!us) L -oost energy2 rel!eve stress2 !m.rove
concentrat!on and en(ance .(ys!cal or cogn!t!ve .er5ormance.
As(*agand(a (<!t(an!a somn!5era) L stress art(r!t!s
As!an g!ngseng (Pana; g!nseng) L en(ance (ealt( and com-at stress and d!sease
=!l-erry (Bacc!n!um myrt!llus) L v!s!on and .er!.(eral vascular d!sorders and as
ant!o;!dant
=lac+ &o(os( (&!m!c!5uga racemosa) L meno.ausal
=lac+ &urrant and =orage o!l (R!-es n!grum and =orago oZnal!s) L ant!-!nDammatory2
r(eumato!d art(r!t!s
&a.s!cum Pe..ers (&a.s!cum s...) L art(r!t!s2 neuralg!a and ot(er .a!n5ul treatment
&(amom!le (/atr!car!a recut!ta) OmanSan!llaP- s+!n !nDammat!on2 col!c2 or dys.e.s!a and
an;!ety
&(aste tree (B!te; agnus-castus) L menstrual related d!sorders2 P/S2 cycl!cal mastalg!a
10
&(odro!t!n L osteoart(r!t!s
&oenSyme F10 L ant!o;!dant
&olts5oot ( Tuss!lago 5ar5ara ) L coug( and ot(er res.!ratory d!soders
&ran-erry (Bacc!n!um macrocar.on) L ATI
:ev!l>s &la* ( Har.ago.(ytum .rocum-ers) L ant! !nDammatory and analges!c
8c(!nacea (8c(!nacea s...) L acute v!ral ARI sym.toms
8der-erry (San-acus n!gra) L res.!ratory tract !n5ect!on
8.(edra or /a Huang (8.(edra s!n!ca) Source o5 e.(edr!ne and .seudoe.(edr!ne
8ven!ng Pr!mrose 4!l (4enot(era -!enn!s) L ecSema2 -reast .a!n assoc!ated *!t( P/S and
!nDammatory cond!t!on
1enugree+ (Tr!gonella 5oenum-graecum) L lo*er!ng -lood glucose
1ever5e* ( Tanacetum .art(en!um) L m!gra!ne (eadac(e .ro.(yla;!s
Harl!c (All!um sat!vaum)- (el. .revent card!ovascular d!sease and cancer
H!nger (X!ng!-er oZc!nale) Lnausea and mot!on s!c+ness2 ant!-!nDammatory
H!n+go (H!n+go -!lo-a) L dement!a and !nterm!ttent claud!cat!on2 memory en(ancement
and treatment o5 vert!go nad t!nn!tus
Hlucosam!ne L osteoart(r!t!s
Holdenseal ( Hydrast!s &anadens!s) L ton!c and ant!-!ot!c
Hotu Jola (&entella as!at!ca) L mental su..ort2 *ound (eal!ng and venous d!sorders
Ha*torn ( &rategus s.ec!es) L &H1 and related card!ovascular cond!t!ons
Hore-ound (/arr!-!um vulgare) L .r!mary coug( su..ress!on and e;.ectorat!on
Horse &(estnut Seed (Aesculus (!..ocastanum) c(ron!c venous !nsuZc!ency
Ivy (Hedera (el!;) L coug(s2 r(eumat!c d!sordes and s+!n d!sease
Java ( .!.er met(yst!cum) L m!ld .syc(oact!ve and ant!an;!ety .ro.erty
#emon =alm (/el!ssa oZc!nal!s) L sedat!ve and 5or dys.e.s!a
#!cor!ce (Hlycyrr(!Sa gla-ra) L res.!ratory d!sorders2 (e.at!t!s2 !nDammatory d!seases2
and !n5ect!ons
/elaton!n L !nsom!a2 Wet lag
/!l+ T(!stle L (e.at!t!s2 l!ver desease
/!nts (/ent(a s.ec!es) L m!nor calc!um c(annel antagon!sts2 used 5or u..er res.!ratory
.ro-lems2 !rr!ta-le -o*el syndrome2 dys.e.s!a2 and colon!c s.asm and as a to.!cal
counter!rr!tant
?ettle (Art!ca d!o!ca) L art(r!t!s .a!ns2 allerg!es2 =PH2 or as d!uret!c
Pa.aya (&ar!ca .a.aya) L d!gest!ve a!d2 dys.e.s!a2 and 5or !nDammatory2 to.!cally
a..l!ed to *ounds
Pass!on Do*er (Pass!Dora !ncarnata)- sedat!ve-(y.not!c or an;!olyt!c (er-
Po+eroot (P(ytolacca Amer!cana) L !nDammatory cond!t!ons also as an emet!c"cat(art!c
Pygeum (Pygeum a5r!canum) L m!ld sym.toms o5 =PH
Red &lover (Tr!5ol!um .ratense) L used as a natural estrogen su-st!tute 5or *omen>s
(ealt(
St. To(n>s <ort (Hy.er!cum .er5oratum) L ant!de.ressant e[ect
Tea Tree 4!l (/elaleuca altern!5ol!a) L ant!5ungal and ant!-acter!al
Turmer!c (&uruma longa ) L ant!-!nDammatory2 ant!-art(r!t!s2 ant! cancer2 and ant!o;!dant
Ava Ars! (Arctosta.(ylos uva urs!) L ur!nary ant!se.t!c and d!uret!c
Yo(!m-e L erect!le dys5unct!on
FOUR STRATEGIES:
1. I5 t(e 9uest!on as+s *(at you s(ould do !n t(e s!tuat!on. Ase t(e nurs!ng .rocess to
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determ!ne *(!c( ste. !n t(e nurs!ng .rocess *ould -e ne;tN
2. I5 t(e 9uest!on as+s *(at t(e cl!ent needs. Ase maslo*>s (!erarc(y to determ!ne *(!c(
need to address.
$. I5 t(e 9uest!on !nd!cates t(at t(e cl!ent doesn>t (ave urgent .(ys!olog!c need2 5ocus on
t(e .at!ent sa5ety.
3. I5 t(e 9uest!on !nvolves commun!cat!ng *!t( a .at!ent. Ase .r!nc!.les o5 t(era.eut!c
commun!cat!on.
R8/8/=8R:
AIR<AY2 =R8ATHI?H2&IR&A#ATI4? A?: SA18TY (A=&S)
F: T(e nurse !n .r!mary care cl!n!c !s car!ng 5or a 0-year-old *oman. H!story reveals t(at
s(e (ad e;.er!enced on and o[ c(est .a!n. A5ter ser!es o5 card!ac tests (8JH M =lood
&(em)2 t(e doctor orders 5or THA##IA/ STR8SS T8ST. <(!c( o5 t(e 5ollo*!ng med!cat!ons
s(ould t(e R? .re.are !5 t(e .at!ent needs an alternat!ve e;erc!se !n t(all!um testN
1.?!troglycer!n $.Am!no.(yll!ne
2./or.(!ne 3.Persant!n
T(e correct ans*er !s \3. Persant!n (d!.yr!damole)
Persant!n !s use as an alternat!ve to e;erc!se !n t(all!um myocard!al .er5us!on !mag!ng 5or
t(e evaluat!on o5 &A: !n t(ose *(o cannot e;erc!se ade9uately.
Pur.ose: to determ!ne myocard!al *all v!a-!l!ty
4t(er names:
1. &ard!ac .ool!ng
2. /AHA-mult!gated rad!onucl!de ang!ogra.(!c scann!ng
$. nurclear scan
3. sestam!-! test
. t(all!um scan
%. d!.yr!damole or .ersant!n stress test
,. In s(ort2 (eart scan :)
&erv!cal &ancer
8t!ology:
K 8arly age o5 se;ual !ntercourse
K /ult!.le se;ual .artners
K Se;ually Transm!tted :!sease (Benereal <art)R B!rus - HPB
&ancer &arc!noma !n SITA - only !n e.!t(el!al l!n!ngs
S!tu sounds l!+e X!ru - Stage 0
Tumor mar+er - &8A
S!gns and Sym.toms ($ P]s): P4ST &4ITA# =#88:I?HR PAI?1A# I?T8R&4ARS8R PR41AS8
(P8RI4: IRR8HA#ARITI8S- menorr(ag!a and metrorr(ag!a)
/anagement: Surgery (HYST8R8&T4/Y)R Rad!at!on (!ntracav!tary cess!um - remem-er
ST: - s(!eld!ng2 t!m!ng and d!stance)R &(emot(era.y to destroy t(e :?A2R?A M &H4?
synt(es!s.
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