Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 2

Technical note

Synchronous generators for steam and gas turbines


Pre-engineered generators - Painting systems
ABB generators are designed for a long operating life in all
types of environment - from clean, heated, indoor locations
to open deck installations in offshore applications. AMS
pre-engineered generators can be provided with two differ-
ent painting systems, C3 and C5-M, to cope with different
installation environments. To assure high quality corrosion
protection, ABB only works with large, recognized paint sup-
pliers and ensures that the personnel who do the painting
are fully trained and competent.
Corrosivity categories
ISO standard 12944-2
1
defines corrosivity categories accord-
ing to the mass loss of unpainted steel or zinc exposed for
one year at the site in question. In the absence of such fig-
ures, an estimation of the corrosivity category may be made
using the table below, which is applicable to the temperate
climate region.
1
ISO 12944-2, Paints and varnishes - Corrosion protection of steel structures
by protective paint systems - Part 2 Classification of environment
Corrosivity categories Outdoor atmospheres Indoor atmospheres
C3 Medium Atmospheres with low salinity or moderate
pollution. Urban and lightly industrialized
areas. Areas with some coastal infuence.
Spaces with moderate frequency of con-
densation and some pollution from produc-
tion processes, e.g. food processing plants,
breweries, diaries, laundries.
C5-M Very high
(Marine atmosphere)
Atmospheres with high humidity and high sa-
linity. Coastal and offshore splash zone areas
Spaces with almost permanent condensation
and with very high salinity
ABB is a leading supplier of synchronous
turbine-driven generators to power utili-
ties, paper mills, sugar plants, oil and gas
installations, and many other sectors.
We have been manufacturing generators
for more than 120 years and have exten-
sive application experience with tens of
thousands of installations all over the
world. ABB offers reliable and efficient
power generation with worldwide
support.
ABB standard painting cycles
ABB considers durability high (H) as standard for each painting cycle. The C3 painting system is the standard
for AMS Basic generators.


C
o
p
y
r
i
g
h
t

A
B
B
.


3
A
A
M
1
0
0
4
5
2


E
N


0
5
-
2
0
1
2
Environment ABB painting Pretreatment Painting
3
system
Urban and industrial indoor and
outdoor atmospheres with moderate
corrosivity. Coastal areas with
low salinity.
Blast-cleaning
Sa 2 . ISO 8501
Zn-phospatizing
(certain sheet metal parts)
2-component epoxy primer 120-140 mm , 1-2 coats
Acrylic topcoat 40-60 mm, 1 coat
Total dry flm thickness 180 mm
Epoxy based powder primer 60-80 mm, 1 coat
2-component epoxy primer 120-140 mm, 1-2 coats
Acrylic topcoat 40-60 mm, 1 coat
Total dry flm thickness 180 mm
C3
Atmospheres with very high salinity
and with almost permanent conden-
sation. Coastal and offshore splash
zone areas.
Blast-cleaning
Sa 2 . ISO 8501
2-comp. zinc rich epoxy primer 40-60 mm, 1 coat
2-component epoxy primer 160-220 mm, 2-3 coats
Acrylic topcoat 60 mm, 1 coat
Total dry flm thickness 320 mm
E
n
v
i
r
o
n
m
e
n
t

c
h
a
r
a
c
t
e
r
i
s
t
i
c
In cases where the specified color is not available, a polyurethane top coat will be used. This applies only to special colors.
3
A reduced painting system is used inside the machine
Surface treatment procedures
Splatter and weld slag are removed and surface defects are repaired
to preparation grade P3 according to ISO 8501-3
2
. All steel surfaces
to be painted are degreased and blast cleaned to Sa 2 accord-
ing to ISO 8501-1:1988
3
. (A special process is utilized for powder
coated parts). Edges and areas hard to reach by spraying are primed
using a brush, after which primer is sprayed on all parts.
When using zinc rich paint, overcoating with intermediate paint is
done immediately after the minimum overcoating interval time of the
paint has elapsed, in order to protect the surface from zinc corrorion
products (white rust). Surface preparation and painting are carried
out in indoor paint shops in a controlled environment. After the paint
is cured, the parts are transported to the machine shop and assem-
bled into the complete machine. Before application of further coats
of paint, the surfaces are roughened and washed to ensure good
adhesion between the paint layers. Painting is then completed.
2
ISO 8501-3 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and related
products - Visual assessment of surface cleanliness; Part 3 Preparation grades of welds,
cut edges and other areas with surface imperfections.
3
ISO 8501-1:1988 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and
related products - Visual assessment of surface cleanliness; Part 1 Rust grades and
preparation grades of uncoated steel substrates and steel substrates after overall
removal of previous coatings, also known as SS 05 59 00.
Standard top coat color is RAL 7032:

The fnal color can be changed on specifc customer
request as an option. In this case the color needs to
be specifed with valid RAL code or NCS code in the
purchase order.
RAL 7032
C5-M
We reserve the right to make technical changes or modify the contents of this
document without prior notice. With regard to purchase orders, the agreed
particulars shall prevail. ABB Ltd does not accept any responsibility whatso-
ever for potential errors or possible lack of information in this document.
We reserve all rights in this document and in the subject matter and illustra-
tions contained herein. Any reproduction, disclosure to third parties or utiliza-
tion of its contents - in whole or in part- is forbidden without prior written
consent of ABB Ltd.

Copyright 2012 ABB. All Rights Reserved
For more information please visit:
www.abb.com/motors&generators