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Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files

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Term Definition
A-287 Cryptonym for J osef Stigler.
ABN
Anti-Bolshevik Bloc of Nations (ABN). Stanislaw Stankiewicz was a member of
the ABN Central Committee.
Abramtchik, Mikola
AECAMBISTA-4, CAMBISTA-4 (cryptonyms). Associated with AEQUOR and
AEDEPOT/AEREADY Projects. See also AMCOMLIB, BNR, CHAURUS,
SONR.
ACEN Assembly of Captive European Nations (ACEN).
ACKERMAN Gehlen Organization alias for Ebrulf Zuber.
ACROBAT Cryptonym for Yury Lopatinsky.
Adenauer, Konrad UPTHRUST (cryptonym).
AEABYSS
AEABYSS Project involved information collected on Salzgitter Industriebau
GmbH. Walter Mehnert associated with Project.
AEABYSS-1 Cryptonym for Walter Mehnert.
AEACRE
AEACRE (1952-64) established a mechanism for the planning and conduct of
REDSOX operations via a Domestic Operations Base (DOB) used for the
interrogation, assessment, training, briefing, and preparation for dispatch of
agents for infiltration into the USSR. Aleks Kurgvel, Tscherim Soobzokov
associated with Project.
AEASTER
AEASTER was a program in near east areas to spot, recruit, and train
Circassians and other Russian emigres and send them back into the USSR.
Tscherim Soobzokov associated with Project.
AEBALCONY
AEBALCONY (1960-62) was designed to use U.S. citizens with Baltic language
fluency in "mounted" and "piggy-back" legal traveler operations into Soviet-
occupied Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. J ouzas Brazaitis, Vilis Hazners,
Edgars Laipenieks associated with Project.
AEBASIN
AEFREEMAN (1953-64), which included AEBASIN/AEROOT (1953-60),
AEFLAG (1955-62), and AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (1949-59)), was
designed to strengthen resistance to communism and harrass the Soviet
regime in the Baltic countries. AEBASIN/AEROOT supported Estonian emigres
and migr activities aganist the Estonian SSR. AEFLAG was aimed at people
of the Latvian SSR. AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (formerly BGLAPIN))
targeted the Lithuanian SSR. These projects provided intelligence and
operational data from Baltic countries through radio broadcasts, mailing
operations, liaison with emigre organizations, political and psychological (PP)
briefings for legal travelers and exploitation of other media such as
demonstrations. Aleks Kurgvel, Elmar Lipping, Romulus Mandel associated
with AEBASIN/AEROOT Project. Vilis Hazners associated with AEFLAG
Project. Antanas Bernotas, J ouzas Brazaitis, Stasys Rastikis associated with
AEPOLE Project. Alexandras Lileikis associated with AECHAMP Project.
ILgvars Skaistlauks considered for possible use on AECHAMP Project.
AEBASIN-4 Cryptonym for Elmar Lipping.
AEBATH
AEDOGMA / AEBATH (1947-61), which supported the activities of the Principal
Agent (PA), Michael Korzhan, was designed to produce CI/CE information on
two Ukrainian nationalist groups in Germany; positive intelligence on other
Ukrainian groups in Germany and Western Europe; information on Soviet
penetration of Orthodox churches; and miscellaneous CE and other support
activities beginning in 1947. In 1959, the PA was transferred to Paris to report
on the efforts of the Soviet Services in emigre circles; and to act as a spotter in
Soviet emigre circles for REDSKIN opportunities. The PA was not very
productive in Paris and the project was terminated in 1961.
AEBATH-1 Cryptonym for Michael Korzhan.
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Term Definition
AEBEEHIVE
QRDYNAMIC/QRPLUMB (formerly AEBEEHIVE) (1970-91) superceded
Project AERODYNAMIC and supported the Ukrainian migr organization ZP /
UHVR (Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council) with a New York publishing arm
called Prolog Research Corporation (QRTENURE, AETENURE) and a Munich
Office, Ukrainian Society for Foreign Studies (QRTERRACE, AETERRACE),
publisher of the monthly journal Suchasnist. CIA terminated QRPLUMB after
the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1991 and provided funds to enable Prolog to
transition to a privately-funded company. In 1992, Prolog's monthly Ukrainian
journal Suchasnist (Contemporary Times) was successfully transitioned to a
publishing company in Kiev, Ukraine and thereafter was published as a
collaborative effort between Prolog and a Ukrainian group in Kiev. Ivan
Hrinioch, Mykola Lebed, Yury Lopatinsky, Lyubomir Ortinskiy associated with
Project.
AEBLOSSOM
AEBLOSSOM provided training for selected projects dealing with Latvia.
Rudolf Kocins, J uris Spade considered for possible use on Project.
AEBOLSTER-1 Cryptonym for Michael Rudko.
AECADILT-10 Cryptonym for Wilhelm Gruenwaldt.
AECAMBARO-1 Cryptonym for Freds Launags.
AECAMBARO-2 Cryptonym for Arturs Brombergs.
AECAMBISTA-1
Cryptonym for the Byelorussian National Council (BNR). Mikola Abramtchik in
Paris was the head of the BNR.
AECAMBISTA-16 Cryptonym for Vitaut Tumash.
AECAMBISTA-17 Cryptonym for Stanislaw Stankiewicz.
AECAMBISTA-2 Cryptonym for Major Boris Ragula.
AECAMBISTA-4 Cryptonym for Mikola Abramtchik.
AECAMUSO-2 Cryptonym for Edvins Ozolins.
AECANOE-3 Cryptonym for Vilis J anums.
AECAPELIN-1 Cryptonym for Michael Korzhan.
AECAPELIN-2 Cryptonym for Volodymyr Bohdan Slymakovsky.
AECARRERA
AECARRERA (1953-58) exploited REDCAP opportunities (collection of
information on Soviets stationed abroad) arising out of the propaganda
distributed by AEVIRGIL and collected positive intelligence through debriefings
of East German nationals visiting the AECARRERA office in Berlin in response
to AEVIRGIL materials ballooned into East Germany. Wilhelm Gruenwaldt
associated with Project.
AECARTHAGE
AERODYNAMIC (formerly CARTEL, ANDROGEN, AECARTHAGE) (1949-70)
refers to CIA support for ZP/UHVR (Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council),
which began in 1949. CIA helped to establish in New York City the Prolog
Research and Publishing Company in 1953 as ZP/UHVR's publishing and
research arm. Prolog, through an affiliate in Munich, published periodicals and
selected books and pamphlets which sought to exploit and increase nationalist
and other dissident tendencies in the Soviet Ukraine. ZP/UHVR operational
activity concentrated on propaganda and contact operations. In 1970,
AERODYNAMIC was redesignated QRPLUMB. The file includes
AERODYNAMIC Development and Plans (Vol. 1-8), Operations (Vol. 9-41),
and Contact Reports (Vol. 42-47). Yaroslav Fedyk, Ivan Hrinioch, Mykola
Lebed, Yury Lopatinsky, Lyubomir Ortinskiy associated with Project. Roman
Tymewycz a clerical employee in Branch Office of Project AERODYNAMIC.
AECASSOWARY-1
Cryptonym for Ukrainian migr organization, ZP/UHVR, Foreign
Representation of the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council.
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Term Definition
AECASSOWARY-2 Cryptonym for Mykola Lebed.
AECASSOWARY-27 Cryptonym for Lyubomir Ortinskiy.
AECASSOWARY-3 Cryptonym for Ivan Hrinioch.
AECASSOWARY-6 Cryptonym for Yaroslav Fedyk.
AECAVATINA
Cryptonym for either Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) or Foreign
Section of Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (Zch/OUN).
AECAVATINA-1 Cryptonym for Stefan Bandera.
AECAVATINA-12 Cryptonym for Ivan Kashuba.
AECAVATINA-2 Cryptonym for Yaroslav Stetsko.
AECAVATINA-5 Cryptonym for Bodhan Pidhainy.
AECAVATINA-6
Cryptonym for the Bandera faction of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists
(OUN-B).
AECHAMP
AEFREEMAN (1953-64), which included AEBASIN/AEROOT (1953-60),
AEFLAG (1955-62), and AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (1949-59)), was
designed to strengthen resistance to communism and harrass the Soviet
regime in the Baltic countries. AEBASIN/AEROOT supported Estonian emigres
and migr activities aganist the Estonian SSR. AEFLAG was aimed at people
of the Latvian SSR. AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (formerly BGLAPIN))
targeted the Lithuanian SSR. These projects provided intelligence and
operational data from Baltic countries through radio broadcasts, mailing
operations, liaison with emigre organizations, political and psychological (PP)
briefings for legal travelers and exploitation of other media such as
demonstrations. Aleks Kurgvel, Elmar Lipping, Romulus Mandel associated
with AEBASIN/AEROOT Project. Vilis Hazners associated with AEFLAG
Project. Antanas Bernotas, J ouzas Brazaitis, Stasys Rastikis associated with
AEPOLE Project. Alexandras Lileikis associated with AECHAMP Project.
ILgvars Skaistlauks considered for possible use on AECHAMP Project. See
AEGEAN/CAPSTAN.
AECHAMP-7 Cryptonym for Alexandras Lileikis.
AECHEROOT Atomic energy sampling program.
AECOB
AECOB, approved in 1950, was a vehicle for foreign intelligence (FI) operations
into and within Soviet Latvia and involved infiltration and exfiltration of black
agents and the recruitment of legally resident agents in the USSR, especially
Latvia. ZRLYNCH was approved in 1950 for use of the Latvian Resistance
Movement, which had been formed in 1944, as a vehicle for clandestine
activities within the USSR. ZRLYNCH was renewed in 1952 as a part of
AECOB, which then provided both FI and political and psychological (PP)
activities. AECOB / ZRLYNCH PP project was terminated in 1955. AECOB FI
project was terminated in 1959. Roberts Ancans, Andrejs Apsits, Nikolajs
Balodis, Arturs Brombergs, Freds Launags, Edvins Ozolins, J anis Ozolins,
J anis Presnikovs, Alfreds Riekstins, Peteris Rungis, ILmars Rupners, Arturs
Stankevics, Vidvuds Sveics, Voldis Viksna associated with Project. J anis
Ozols considered for possible use on Project.
AECOB-1 Cryptonym for Voldis Viksna.
AECOB-10 Cryptonym for Andrejs Apsits.
AECOB-3 Cryptonym for Arturs Stankevics.
AECOB-4 Cryptonym for ILmars Rupners.
AECOB-5 Cryptonym for Peteris Rungis.
AECOB-6 Cryptonym for J anis Presnikovs.
AECOB-7 Cryptonym for Vidvuds Sveics.
AECOB-8 Cryptonym for J anis Ozolins.
Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files
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Term Definition
AECONFIDE-1 Cryptonym for Walther Block.
AECORSAIR-3 Cryptonym for Ignatz Apyrubis.
AECUPBOARD
Program to establish and maintain a communications channel via open mailing
of packages to the USSR.
AEDEPOT
AEDEPOT (formerly AEREADY) (1957-65) was designed to provide a trained
"Hot War" cadre of agents who could be used during a period of heightened
tensions/increased alert or during actual hostilities against the Soviet Union.
Mikola Abramtchik, Constantine Mierlak, Tscherim Soobzokov associated with
Project.
AEDOGMA
AEDOGMA / AEBATH (1947-61), which supported the activities of the Principal
Agent (PA), Michael Korzhan, was designed to produce CI/CE information on
two Ukrainian nationalist groups in Germany; positive intelligence on other
Ukrainian groups in Germany and Western Europe; information on Soviet
penetration of Orthodox churches; and miscellaneous CE and other support
activities beginning in 1947. In 1959, the PA was transferred to Paris to report
on the efforts of the Soviet Services in emigre circles; and to act as a spotter in
Soviet emigre circles for REDSKIN opportunities. The PA was not very
productive in Paris and the project was terminated in 1961.
AEDOGMA-1 Cryptonym for Michael Korzhan.
AEFLAG
AEFREEMAN (1953-64), which included AEBASIN/AEROOT (1953-60),
AEFLAG (1955-62), and AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (1949-59)), was
designed to strengthen resistance to communism and harrass the Soviet
regime in the Baltic countries. AEBASIN/AEROOT supported Estonian emigres
and migr activities aganist the Estonian SSR. AEFLAG was aimed at people
of the Latvian SSR. AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (formerly BGLAPIN))
targeted the Lithuanian SSR. These projects provided intelligence and
operational data from Baltic countries through radio broadcasts, mailing
operations, liaison with emigre organizations, political and psychological (PP)
briefings for legal travelers and exploitation of other media such as
demonstrations. Aleks Kurgvel, Elmar Lipping, Romulus Mandel associated
with AEBASIN/AEROOT Project. Vilis Hazners associated with AEFLAG
Project. Antanas Bernotas, J ouzas Brazaitis, Stasys Rastikis associated with
AEPOLE Project. Alexandras Lileikis associated with AECHAMP Project.
ILgvars Skaistlauks considered for possible use on AECHAMP Project.
AEFORD
PBSTEAM (formerly EUCHRE, later AEFORD) (1948-50) provided the
services, experience, and backgound of a Russian specialist, Gustav Hilger,
not only for CIA but also for other U.S. Government agencies.
Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files
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Term Definition
AEFREEMAN
AEFREEMAN (1953-64), which included AEBASIN/AEROOT (1953-60),
AEFLAG (1955-62), and AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (1949-59)), was
designed to strengthen resistance to communism and harrass the Soviet
regime in the Baltic countries. AEBASIN/AEROOT supported Estonian emigres
and migr activities aganist the Estonian SSR. AEFLAG was aimed at people
of the Latvian SSR. AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (formerly BGLAPIN))
targeted the Lithuanian SSR. These projects provided intelligence and
operational data from Baltic countries through radio broadcasts, mailing
operations, liaison with emigre organizations, political and psychological (PP)
briefings for legal travelers and exploitation of other media such as
demonstrations. Aleks Kurgvel, Elmar Lipping, Romulus Mandel associated
with AEBASIN/AEROOT Project. Vilis Hazners associated with AEFLAG
Project. Antanas Bernotas, J ouzas Brazaitis, Stasys Rastikis associated with
AEPOLE Project. Alexandras Lileikis associated with AECHAMP Project.
ILgvars Skaistlauks considered for possible use on AECHAMP Project.
AEGEAN
AEGEAN (formerly CAPSTAN) provided FI (foreign intelligence) from the Baltic
States and USSR using support bases developed in the Lithuanian SSR as
transit points. AEGEAN/CAPSTAN work continued under Project AECHAMP.
AEGIDEON
AESAURUS / AENOBLE (initially AEROSOL, renamed AEGIDEON /
AENOBLE in 1958) operation (1950-61) maintained communications with
agents of the National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (Narodno Trudovoi Soyuz
or NTS (CABOCHE-1, PDGIDEON, SHUBA-100)). NTS was founded in 1930s
by Russian emigres with extreme rightest and anti-Semitic views and
collaborated closely with the Nazis in Russia, providing local administrators,
propagandists, and informants. NTS rebuilt itself in 1945 as an anti-Soviet
migr organization inside the USSR and with its own newspaper "Possev."
This project sought the development and exploitation of NTS agents as long-
term hot war assets and as sources of operational positive and psychological
intelligence. The Project included Operation CARCASS, training/dispatch into
USSR of agents to organize resistance groups and collect FI; Operation SPAIN
to establish NTS groups in US zone/Germany and Austria against Soviet
occupation forces through propaganda, defection, resistance, and collecting FI;
Operation RADIO to establish a mobile covert radio operated by NTS for
propaganda into East Zone. See also QKDROOP.
AEGLOBE Soviet Merchant Marine personnel.
AEGRIP Soviet Military Intelligence Directorate.
AEHAWKEYE-1 Cryptonym for Freds Launags.
AEISSUE-1 Cryptonym for Heinrich Bandholz.
AEJ AMMER
AEJ AMMER provided translations and exploitation of Soviet mail intercept
programs. Aleks Kurgvel associated with Project.
AEJ AMMER-8 Cryptonym for Aleks Kurgvel.
AEJ ETSET Cryptonym for Erik Heine vs Yuri Raus lawsuit in Baltimore.
AEKICK Soviet Committee for State Security, KGB.
AEKILO-2 Cryptonym for Vilis Hazners.
AELADLE Anatoliy Golitsyn, Soviet defector and former KGB officer.
AELICTOR-1 Cryptonym for Ignatz Apyrubis.
AELUNG Cryptonym for Aleks Kurgvel.
Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files
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Term Definition
AEMANNER
AEMANNER (1955-58) was an operation to collect intelligence on the
Lithuanian SSR by spotting, recruiting, and training Lithuanians who planned to
return to Lithuania; spotting, recruiting, and training Lithuanian merchant
seamen who would be on vessels calling at Lithuanian SSR ports; exploiting
existing postal channels between Lithuanian SSR and the West; and
interrogating persons coming out of the Lithuanian SSR. Ignatz Apyrubis and
Alexandras Lileikis associated with Project.
AEMANNER-23 Cryptonym for Ignatz Apyrubis.
AEMANNER-7 Cryptonym for Alexandras Lileikis.
AEMARSH
AEMARSH (1953-59) involved collecting foreign intelligence on the Soviet
regime in Latvia through sources residing in the Latvian SSR, legal travelers,
and all possible legal means. The Institute for Latvian Culture (AEMINX) was
established as a cover facility engaged in the preservation and development of
Latvian national culture, collection of information on Latvian national life, and
the safeguarding and preserving of physical, spiritual, and moral conditions of
Latvians who were separated from their homeland. Alfreds Berzins, Aleksandrs
Burmeisters, J anis Cirulis, Vilis Hazners, Peteris J anelsins, Freds Launags,
Herberts Zagars associated with Project.
AEMARSH-1 Cryptonym for Herberts Zagars.
AEMARSH-14 Cryptonym for Alfreds Berzins.
AEMARSH-15 Cryptonym for Peteris J anelsins.
AEMINX
Cryptonym for the Institute for Latvian Culture that was established as a cover
facility under Project AEMARSH.
AENIDUS
BND/CIA joint operations against Karlshorst, the Soviet compound in East
Berlin.
AENOBLE
AESAURUS / AENOBLE (initially AEROSOL, renamed AEGIDEON /
AENOBLE in 1958) operation (1950-61) maintained communications with
agents of the National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (Narodno Trudovoi Soyuz
or NTS (CABOCHE-1, PDGIDEON, SHUBA-100)). NTS was founded in 1930s
by Russian emigres with extreme rightest and anti-Semitic views and
collaborated closely with the Nazis in Russia, providing local administrators,
propagandists, and informants. NTS rebuilt itself in 1945 as an anti-Soviet
migr organization inside the USSR and with its own newspaper "Possev."
This project sought the development and exploitation of NTS agents as long-
term hot war assets and as sources of operational positive and psychological
intelligence. The Project included Operation CARCASS, training/dispatch into
USSR of agents to organize resistance groups and collect FI; Operation SPAIN
to establish NTS groups in US zone/Germany and Austria against Soviet
occupation forces through propaganda, defection, resistance, and collecting FI;
Operation RADIO to establish a mobile covert radio operated by NTS for
propaganda into East Zone. See also QKDROOP.
AEPAYOFF Information collected on the Soviet Trade Mission in Bonn, Germany.
AEPIONEER
AEPIONEER provided personnel to do translations. Aleks Kurgvel associated
with Project.
AEPIONEER-6 Cryptonym for Aleks Kurgvel.
AEPLIMSOLL Shipyards at Kiel, Germany.
Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files
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Term Definition
AEPOLE
AEFREEMAN (1953-64), which included AEBASIN/AEROOT (1953-60),
AEFLAG (1955-62), and AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (1949-59)), was
designed to strengthen resistance to communism and harrass the Soviet
regime in the Baltic countries. AEBASIN/AEROOT supported Estonian emigres
and migr activities aganist the Estonian SSR. AEFLAG was aimed at people
of the Latvian SSR. AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (formerly BGLAPIN))
targeted the Lithuanian SSR. These projects provided intelligence and
operational data from Baltic countries through radio broadcasts, mailing
operations, liaison with emigre organizations, political and psychological (PP)
briefings for legal travelers and exploitation of other media such as
demonstrations. Aleks Kurgvel, Elmar Lipping, Romulus Mandel associated
with AEBASIN/AEROOT Project. Vilis Hazners associated with AEFLAG
Project. Antanas Bernotas, J ouzas Brazaitis, Stasys Rastikis associated with
AEPOLE Project. Alexandras Lileikis associated with AECHAMP Project.
ILgvars Skaistlauks considered for possible use on AECHAMP Project.
AEPOLE-1 organization Lithuanian migr organization in West Germany.
AEPOLE-5 Cryptonym for Stasys Rastikis.
AEPOLE-8 Cryptonym for J ouzas Brazaitis.
AEPRIMER
AEPRIMER's (1957-59) objective was to establish long-term, durable assets
illegally infiltrated into the Byelorussian SSR. Candidates for these assets were
to be recommended by the Byelorussian National Council (BNR). However,
AEQUOR/FI had similar objectives and was terminated in 1956 when
information about AEQUOR Team 2 in Byelorussia surfaced in Pravda. In
addition, AEQUOR's relationship with the BNR was terminated for security
reasons. AEPRIMER's association with the BNR was limited to its President
(Mikola Abramtchik) and his representative (Francis Kushel) in New York.
AEPRIMER was terminated in 1959. Constantine Mierlak associated with
Project.
AEPRIMER-1 Cryptonym for Constantine Mierlak.
AEQUOR
AEQUOR Project (1951-62) involved operations into Byelorussia through the
exploitation of the Byelorussia National Council (BNR), and later evolved into
primarily supporting the publication of a Byelorussian language weekly
newspaper. Mikola Abramtchik, Francis Kushel, Boris Ragula, Stanislaw
Stankiewicz, Vitaut Tumash associated with Project. See AEPRIMER.
AEREADY
AEDEPOT (formerly AEREADY) (1957-65) was designed to provide a trained
"Hot War" cadre of agents who could be used during a period of heightened
tensions/increased alert or during actual hostilities against the Soviet Union.
Mikola Abramtchik, Constantine Mierlak, Tscherim Soobzokov associated with
Project.
AEREADY-2 Cryptonym for Constantine Mierlak.
AEREALITY
AEREALITY was the Soviet Realities Orientation Training Program. Aleks
Kurgvel associated with Project.
AERECOVER
CARECOVER (formerly AERECOVER) was a net of Soviet military intelligence
agents in Wiesbaden.
Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files
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Term Definition
AERODYNAMIC
AERODYNAMIC (formerly CARTEL, ANDROGEN, AECARTHAGE) (1949-70)
refers to CIA support for ZP/UHVR (Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council),
which began in 1949. CIA helped to establish in New York City the Prolog
Research and Publishing Company in 1953 as ZP/UHVR's publishing and
research arm. Prolog, through an affiliate in Munich, published periodicals and
selected books and pamphlets which sought to exploit and increase nationalist
and other dissident tendencies in the Soviet Ukraine. ZP/UHVR operational
activity concentrated on propaganda and contact operations. In 1970,
AERODYNAMIC was redesignated QRPLUMB. The file includes
AERODYNAMIC Development and Plans (Vol. 1-8), Operations (Vol. 9-41),
and Contact Reports (Vol. 42-47). Yaroslav Fedyk, Ivan Hrinioch, Mykola
Lebed, Yury Lopatinsky, Lyubomir Ortinskiy associated with Project. Roman
Tymewycz a clerical employee in Branch Office of Project AERODYNAMIC.
AEROOT
AEFREEMAN (1953-64), which included AEBASIN/AEROOT (1953-60),
AEFLAG (1955-62), and AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (1949-59)), was
designed to strengthen resistance to communism and harrass the Soviet
regime in the Baltic countries. AEBASIN/AEROOT supported Estonian emigres
and migr activities aganist the Estonian SSR. AEFLAG was aimed at people
of the Latvian SSR. AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (formerly BGLAPIN))
targeted the Lithuanian SSR. These projects provided intelligence and
operational data from Baltic countries through radio broadcasts, mailing
operations, liaison with emigre organizations, political and psychological (PP)
briefings for legal travelers and exploitation of other media such as
demonstrations. Aleks Kurgvel, Elmar Lipping, Romulus Mandel associated
with AEBASIN/AEROOT Project. Vilis Hazners associated with AEFLAG
Project. Antanas Bernotas, J ouzas Brazaitis, Stasys Rastikis associated with
AEPOLE Project. Alexandras Lileikis associated with AECHAMP Project.
ILgvars Skaistlauks considered for possible use on AECHAMP Project.
AEROOT-7 Cryptonym for Romulus Mandel.
AEROSOL
AESAURUS / AENOBLE (initially AEROSOL, renamed AEGIDEON /
AENOBLE in 1958) operation (1950-61) maintained communications with
agents of the National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (Narodno Trudovoi Soyuz
or NTS (CABOCHE-1, PDGIDEON, SHUBA-100)). NTS was founded in 1930s
by Russian emigres with extreme rightest and anti-Semitic views and
collaborated closely with the Nazis in Russia, providing local administrators,
propagandists, and informants. NTS rebuilt itself in 1945 as an anti-Soviet
migr organization inside the USSR and with its own newspaper "Possev."
This project sought the development and exploitation of NTS agents as long-
term hot war assets and as sources of operational positive and psychological
intelligence. The Project included Operation CARCASS, training/dispatch into
USSR of agents to organize resistance groups and collect FI; Operation SPAIN
to establish NTS groups in US zone/Germany and Austria against Soviet
occupation forces through propaganda, defection, resistance, and collecting FI;
Operation RADIO to establish a mobile covert radio operated by NTS for
propaganda into East Zone. See also QKDROOP.
Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files
Nazi War Crimes and Japanese Imperial Government Records Disclosure Acts
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Term Definition
AESAURUS
AESAURUS / AENOBLE (initially AEROSOL, renamed AEGIDEON /
AENOBLE in 1958) operation (1950-61) maintained communications with
agents of the National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (Narodno Trudovoi Soyuz
or NTS (CABOCHE-1, PDGIDEON, SHUBA-100)). NTS was founded in 1930s
by Russian emigres with extreme rightest and anti-Semitic views and
collaborated closely with the Nazis in Russia, providing local administrators,
propagandists, and informants. NTS rebuilt itself in 1945 as an anti-Soviet
migr organization inside the USSR and with its own newspaper "Possev."
This project sought the development and exploitation of NTS agents as long-
term hot war assets and as sources of operational positive and psychological
intelligence. The Project included Operation CARCASS, training/dispatch into
USSR of agents to organize resistance groups and collect FI; Operation SPAIN
to establish NTS groups in US zone/Germany and Austria against Soviet
occupation forces through propaganda, defection, resistance, and collecting FI;
Operation RADIO to establish a mobile covert radio operated by NTS for
propaganda into East Zone. See also QKDROOP.
AESCREEN
AESCREEN was Russian language transcription unit. Aleks Kurgvel
associated with Project.
AESIDECAR-2 Cryptonym for Edgars Laipenieks.
AETARGET
AETARGET provided information about Soviet audio monitoring programs.
Aleks Kurgvel associated with Project.
AETENURE
Prolog Research Corporation, the New York publishing arm of Project
QRPLUMB.
AETERRACE
Ukrainian Society for Foreign Studies, which was the Munich office of
QRPLUMB and published the monthly journal Suchasnist.
AETOMAC-1 Cryptonym for the Byelorussian Central Council (BZR/BCR).
AETOMAC-2 Cryptonym for Radislaw Ostrowsky.
AETOPHAT Information collected on the Soviet Embassy near Bonn, Germany.
AEVAIN-14 Cryptonym for Aleksandrs Burmeisters.
AEVAIN-24 Cryptonym for J anis Cirulis.
AEVIRGIL
AEVIRGIL (1953-63) provided a controlled, anti-communist migr organization
for political and psychological activities against the Soviet target. The particular
migr organization, which was called the Central Association of Post-War
Emigres (TsOPE) and located in Munich, produced and disseminated Russian
language leaflets and a monthly magazine (Svoboda), held propaganda
meetings and press conferences, and was engaged in psychological warfare
against the Soviet target. Wilhelm Gruenwaldt associated with Project.
AEVIRGIL-109 Cryptonym for Wilhelm Gruenwaldt.
AFU Program
AFU Program/UJ LENTIL refers to SATURN Program's Berlin and East German
foreign intelligence staybehind observer/reporter teams.
AIN
Activities associated with the Armenians during 1952-54. Drostamat Kanayan
associated with Project.
AJ AJ A Cable indicator for CIA Near East Division.
AKULE CIA Latin America Division.
ALBERT Gehlen Organization alias for Andreas Haderlein.
Albert, Ludwig
V-2600 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). ANDERS (Gehlen Organization
alias).
Albert, Theodor Von GRANOLITE-30 (cryptonym).
ALBERTI, Dr. Ernst Gehlen Organization alias for Emil Augsburg.
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Term Definition
ALCATRAZ
Project ALCATRAZ involved penetration of Communist Party of Germany.
Hildegard Beetz associated with Project. Herbert Von Strempel, Kuno Wirsich
considered for possible use by OSS/SSU/CIG on Project.
ALLEYCAT-14 Cryptonym for Roberts Stiglics.
ALLMANN, Heinrich Gehlen Organization alias for Erich Olbrueck.
ALTHAUS, Dr. Ernst Gehlen Organization alias for Emil Augsburg.
AMCOMLIB
American Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of Russia (AMCOMLIB)
was a part of Project QKACTIVE. Mikola Abramtchik was the representative of
a coordinating committee of non-Russian organizations representing six
nationalities (Ukrainians, Georgians, Azerbaijani, North Caucasians,
Armenians, and Byelorussians), which was founded in Europe to represent non-
Russian groups willing to associate themselves with AMCOMLIB. PBAFFIRM
(cryptonym). PBCHORD (cryptonym for Munich Office of AMCOMLIB).
AMIS Austrian Military Intelligence Service (AMIS). GREENSOAP (cryptonym).
Amt Blank
Amt Blank was the predecessor organization of a part of West Germany's
Ministry of Defense under Theodore Blank, the first postwar Minister of Defense
during the Adenauer administration. Colonel Friedrich Wilhelm Heinz
associated with Amt Blank.
Ancans, Roberts CATTURA (cryptonym). Associated with AECOB/ZRLYNCH Project.
ANDERS Gehlen Organization alias for Ludwig Albert.
Anders, Heinz
Heinz SCHAUTH, Peter ANDERS, Peter KIRCHNER (Gehlen Organization
aliases).
ANDERS, Peter Gehlen Organization alias for Heinz Anders.
ANDROGEN
AERODYNAMIC (formerly CARTEL, ANDROGEN, AECARTHAGE) (1949-70)
refers to CIA support for ZP/UHVR (Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council),
which began in 1949. CIA helped to establish in New York City the Prolog
Research and Publishing Company in 1953 as ZP/UHVR's publishing and
research arm. Prolog, through an affiliate in Munich, published periodicals and
selected books and pamphlets which sought to exploit and increase nationalist
and other dissident tendencies in the Soviet Ukraine. ZP/UHVR operational
activity concentrated on propaganda and contact operations. In 1970,
AERODYNAMIC was redesignated QRPLUMB. The file includes
AERODYNAMIC Development and Plans (Vol. 1-8), Operations (Vol. 9-41),
and Contact Reports (Vol. 42-47). Yaroslav Fedyk, Ivan Hrinioch, Mykola
Lebed, Yury Lopatinsky, Lyubomir Ortinskiy associated with Project. Roman
Tymewycz a clerical employee in Branch Office of Project AERODYNAMIC.
Angerer, J ohann
PP-5 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his PP Net (Austrian
Police and a counterintelligence network) in Austria).
ANT OSS/SSU cryptonym for Klavoli Voss.
ANTLER Cryptonym for Mykola Lebed.
ANTONOV, Rostislav Pseudonym for Sergie Shebalin.
APOSTLES Couriers sent by ZPUHVR to the Ukraine beginning in 1949.
Apsits, Andrejs TILBURY-1, AECOB-10 (cryptonyms). Associated with AECOB Project.
Apyrubis, Ignatz
AELICTOR-1, AECORSAIR-3, AEMANNER-23 (cryptonyms). Associated with
Project AEMANNER.
AQUATIC CIA Technical Services Division (TSD).
Aradi, Zsolt
CRABBE, SARAZEN (OSS cryptonyms). KILKENNY, CARRYALL (CIA
cryptonyms). Malcolm W. STEVENS (pseudonym).
AREDIT
Plan BAZAR and Project AREDIT included intelligence reporting on Near East
matters. Ugo Dadone associated with Projects.
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Term Definition
Arlt, Fritz
V-2881 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). WERNER (Gehlen Organization
alias).
Arrow Cross
The Hungarian Arrow Cross was formed in the 1930s as the leading Hungarian
fascist political party, led by Ferenc Szalasi. The Arrow Cross party ruled
Hungary from 15 Oct. 1944 to J an. 1945 and, during that time, sent 80,000
J ews on a death march to the Austrian border.
ASCHAM, Robert A. Pseudonym for Director of Central Intelligence Allen Dulles.
Aso. Tatsuo STBRANT-1, TLBRANT, LFSALAD (cryptonyms).
Augsburg, Emil
V-2907 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Dr. Ernst ALBERTI, Dr. Ernst
ALTHAUS, Dr. KRAUSS (Gehlen Organization aliases).
AVOCET Cryptonym for Heinz Schmalschlager.
BACH, Andre Gehlen Organization alias for Andreas Biederbick.
BACHMANN, Helmuth Gehlen Organization alias for Reinhardt Baumert.
BAER Gehlen Organization alias for Guenter Hans Bernau.
BALDRIAN Gehlen Organization alias for Kurt Behnke.
BALLACH, George A. Alias for Tscherim Soobzokov.
Balli Kombetar
An anti-Communist and anti-Fascist resistance organization set up in 1939 at
the time of Italy's occupation of Albania. Hasan Dosti was President of Balli
Kombetar (1949-54).
Balodis, Nikolajs
CAMUSO-3 (cryptonym). Boris LOVETSKY (pseudonym). Associated with
Project AECOB/ZRLYNCH.
Baltrusch, Fritz V-2665.5 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Bandera, Stefan AECAVATINA-1, CAVATINA-1 (cryptonyms).
Bandholz, Heinrich
AEISSUE-1, CATOMIC-3, CATOPHAT-1 (cryptonyms). Associated with
CATOPHAT Project.
BAOR British Army of the Rhine.
BARLEY OSS/SSU cryptonym for Ulrich Wirth.
BAUER, Alfred Gehlen Organization alias for Adolf Puchta.
Bauer, Hans
V-9107 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Erich WOLF (Gehlen Organization
alias).
BAUER, Heinz Gehlen Organization alias for J oseph Schreieder.
Baumert, Reinhardt Helmuth BACHMANN (Gehlen Organization alias).
BAZAR
Plan BAZAR and Project AREDIT included intelligence reporting on Near East
matters. Ugo Dadone associated with Projects.
BCR
AETOMAC-1 (cryptonym for BZR/BCR). Byelorussian emigration was split into
two organizations -- the BZR/BCR (Beloruska Zentralna Rada or Byelorussian
Central Council) and the BNR (Beloruska Nationalna Rada or Byelorussian
National Council or Council of the Byelorussian Peoples Republic). The
BZR/BCR, which was created during the German occupation of Byelorussia
and supported by the Germans, was headed by Radislaw Ostrowsky. The
BNR, which included a Cadre School and a Study Group, was headed by
Mikola Abramtchik in Paris and Major Boris Ragula was its Operations Chief.
Francis Kushel was BNR's military representative in New York.
BDJ
Bund Deutsche J ugend (BDJ ) or League of German Youth, an organization in
Project LCPROWL. KMPRUDE (cryptonym).
BEAUTYSHOP Polish Government Employees in East Berlin.
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Term Definition
BECRIPPLE
BECRIPPLE Project (1954-60) provided Polish operations run from Berlin and
other Stations/Bases with support assets such as a secure safehouse on the
economy; garage for a German plated vehicle; an agent/cutout for obtaining
credit investigations on persons of operational interest; an agent for monitoring
local Polish emigre activity; an agent for obtaining clandesting photographs of
West Berlin Polish installations and other support facilities. Hellmuth Goerz,
Wilhelm Ludtke associated with Project.
BECRIPPLE-2 Cryptonym for Wilhelm Ludtke.
BEDOX East Europe, Czechoslovakia, and Poland.
BEDUFFY Polish underground organization.
Beetz, Hildegard
CAMISE, GAMBIT (cryptonyms). FELICITAS (alias used by Beetz when she
was an agent for Amt VI, RSHA, 1940-45). Hildegard Blum (SSU pseudonym).
Hildegard Purwin, widowed Blum, divorced Beetz, nee Burkhardt. Associated
with Projects QKDEMON (fomerly EDUCATOR and UMPIRE) and ALCATRAZ.
BEFINAL-103
Cryptonym for J osef Urban while monitoring his peddling of fabricated
intelligence reports.
Behnke, Kurt
BALDRIAN (Gehlen Organization alias). UJ DOWN (CIA cryptonym during
German investigation of Behnke as a suspect MfS or Soviet agent during 1954-
59. Behnke was also known to Heinz Felfe, a KGB penetration of Gehlen/BND
for 10 years until his arrest in 1961.)
BEKING
BEKING Project provided live letter drops and phone cutout facilities for Berlin
Base Polish operations. Hellmuth Goerz associated with Project.
BELLADONNA
BELLADONNA involved collection of foreign intelligence on USSR and
TRIDENT involved collection of counterintelligence on USSR through Ukrainian
emigre activities and personalities (1946-48). Ivan Hrinioch, Michael Korzhan,
Mykola Lebed, Yury Lopatinsky, Myron Matviyeyko associated with Projects.
BELVEDERE-6B Cryptonym for Otto Anton Silberberg.
Ben-Nathan, Asher
CONDUCTOR (cryptonym). Associated with Project SYMPHONY. Asher Ben-
Nathan aka Arthur PIER.
Benuzzi, Valerio DEODAR-1 (cryptonym).
Berger, Friedrich Friedrich Von SARTORIUS (Rote Kapelle alias in WWII).
BERGER, Hans Guenter Gehlen Organization alias for Guenter Hans Bernau.
BERGER, Paul Gehlen Organization alias for Otto Hoffmann.
BERGMANN, EDUARD Gehlen Organization alias for Erich Heidschuch.
BERGSTROM, Professor Karl Pseudonym for Nikolai Poppe.
Berisha, Destan
THROWOFF-3, BLUEJ AY-12 (cryptonyms). Anton POPOV (alias). Associated
with Project BGFIEND.
Bernau, Guenter Hans
V-3399 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). BAER, BRACHT, Hans Guenter
BERGER (Gehlen Organization aliases).
BERNHARD Operation
Operation BERNHARD was a German operation in WWII to counterfeit British
and American money using about 140 J ewish inmates of the Sachsenhausen
concentration camp near Berlin. The J ewish inmates were experts in such
fields as printing, binding, photography, and engraving. SS Sturmbannfuhrer
Bernhard Kruger oversaw this work.
Bernotas, Antanas Associated with Project AEPOLE.
Berschneider, J osef Considered for possible use on Project KMMANLY.
Berthold-Bernard, Herbert J IGGER (OSS cryptonym).
Berzins, Alfreds
AEMARSH-14 (cryptonym). Robert T. GOFORTH (pseudonym). Associated
with Project AEMARSH.
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Term Definition
BESMIRCH
BESMIRCH (1953-55) was designed to provide Polish operations with
communications links over the Polish-German border through the use of legal
travellers. Wilhelm Ludtke associated with Project.
BESMIRCH-2 Cryptonym for Wilhelm Ludtke.
BfV
West German Office for the Protection of the Constitution, Internal Security
Service. West German equivalent of the FBI.
BGACTRESS CIA International Organizations Division (IOD).
BGCALLUS
BGCALLUS was the cryptonym for the Institute for the Study of the USSR,
which was a part of QKACTIVE (included this Institute, radio broadcasts, and
other activities). Stanislaw Stankiewicz was Chairman of the Learned Council
of BGCALLUS. Karl Toennies was considered for possible use on Project
QKACTIVE.
BGCANE Regulations CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC) regulations.
BGCONVOY
BGCONVOY (formerly QKSTAIR) (1950-55) was the basic political and
psychological (PP) and paramilitary (PM) program against Bulgaria with the
objective of conducting psychological warfare (PW) operations against the
Bulgarian regime and establishing in the country resistance organizations
capable of PM activity of various types. BGCONVOY also provided for the
development and exploitation of the Principal Agent, Ivan Docheff, who was
leader of the Bulgarian National Front, and the newspaper published by the
group.
BGENGINE Estonian National Council (ENR).
BGFIEND
OBOPUS (formerly BGFIEND) (1949-58) was initially a joint US-British covert
action program designed to overthrow the Soviet dominated regime of Enver
Hoxha in Albania and evolved into establishing and exploiting National
Committee for Free Albania (NCFA), propaganda media, infiltration agents, and
economic warfare. VALUABLE was the British Albanian plan. The file includes
Country Plan for Albania (V. 1); Project Outline, Reviews, Termination (V. 2);
OBLIVIOUS: NCFA (V. 3); BGFIEND/J BPARSON: Albanian Holding/Training
Camp W. Germany (V. 4); BGFIEND RED Team (V. 5); BGFIEND APPLE
Team (V. 6); BGFIEND WILLOW Team (V. 7); BGFIEND-VALUABLE Leaflet
Drops (V. 8); OBTUSE: Propaganda Campaign (V. 9); OBTEST: Clandestine
Radio Broadcasts (V. 10); OBHUNT & OBSIDIOUS: Infiltration Missions (V.
11); BGSPEED: Vessel for Offshore Propaganda Missions (V. 12); BGFIEND
Operations (V. 13-30); Photographs (V. 31). Hasan Dosti associated with
OBLIVIOUS (part of OBOPUS). Xhaver Deva Principal Agent (PA) on
BGFIEND. Destan Berisha, Ahmet Kabashi, Shaqir Kabashi associated with
BGFIEND.
BGFIGHTER Staybehind programs.
BGFINESSE Indicator for mail pouches.
BGGYPSY Communist.
BGHABIT US Army Counterintelligence Corps (Army/CIC or CIC).
BGHIVES organization Intelligence organization.
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Term Definition
BGLAPIN
AEFREEMAN (1953-64), which included AEBASIN/AEROOT (1953-60),
AEFLAG (1955-62), and AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (1949-59)), was
designed to strengthen resistance to communism and harrass the Soviet
regime in the Baltic countries. AEBASIN/AEROOT supported Estonian emigres
and migr activities aganist the Estonian SSR. AEFLAG was aimed at people
of the Latvian SSR. AEPOLE (formerly AECHAMP (formerly BGLAPIN))
targeted the Lithuanian SSR. These projects provided intelligence and
operational data from Baltic countries through radio broadcasts, mailing
operations, liaison with emigre organizations, political and psychological (PP)
briefings for legal travelers and exploitation of other media such as
demonstrations. Aleks Kurgvel, Elmar Lipping, Romulus Mandel associated
with AEBASIN/AEROOT Project. Vilis Hazners associated with AEFLAG
Project. Antanas Bernotas, J ouzas Brazaitis, Stasys Rastikis associated with
AEPOLE Project. Alexandras Lileikis associated with AECHAMP Project.
ILgvars Skaistlauks considered for possible use on AECHAMP Project.
BGMURDER West Germany.
BGPACKAGE Scientific and technical operational matters.
BGRHYTHM CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC).
BGSPEED Vessel for offshore propaganda missions associated with Project BGFIEND.
BGWOEFUL Counterespionage in East Europe, Slovakia, Hungary.
Bickler, Hermann MAIR, SCHMIDT, WINKLER (Gehlen Organization aliases).
Biederbick, Andreas
V-4985 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Andre BACH, Alfred BRENNER,
DANIEL (Gehlen Organization aliases).
Billmaier, Kurt HOPKALIT (Polish Intelligence Service cryptonym).
BIOPHORE
BIOPHORE Project provided information on Argentine immigration (1954-58).
J an Durcansky associated with Project.
BIOPHORE-1 Cryptonym for J an Durcansky.
BIS British Intelligence Service (BIS). J AGUAR, SMOTH, SMYOPIA (cryptonyms).
Bitschnau, Wolfram
TT-1 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his TT Net (Vorarlberg
Security Directorate Unit) in Austria).
BKA
West German Federal Criminal Police (Bundeskriminalamt (BKA)). CADOME,
CAMEN (cryptonyms).
BKCROWN Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
BKHERALD Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
BKTRUST Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Bleil, Richard
CATRANSIT-28, CAGENERAL-27 (cryptonyms). Associated with CATRANSIT
and CAGENERAL Programs.
Block, Walther
AECONFIDE-1, CASUSTAIN-8 (cryptonyms). Associated with CASUSTAIN
Project.
BLUEJ AY-12 Cryptonym for Destan Berisha.
Blum, Hildegard
SSU pseudonym for Hildegard Beetz. Hildegard Purwin, widowed Blum,
divorced Beetz, nee Burkhardt.
BND
West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND). CAFEAT, CASCOPE,
CATIDE, CATRIBE, CATUSK, HBLAURITE, QAFEAT, UJ DUSK, UPHILL,
UPSWING (cryptonyms).
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Term Definition
BNR
AECAMBISTA-1, CAMBISTA-1 (cryptonyms for BNR). Byelorussian emigration
was split into two organizations -- the BZR/BCR (Beloruska Zentralna Rada or
Byelorussian Central Council) and the BNR (Beloruska Nationalna Rada or
Byelorussian National Council or Council of the Byelorussian Peoples
Republic). The BZR/BCR, which was created during the German occupation of
Byelorussia and supported by the Germans, was headed by Radislaw
Ostrowsky. The BNR, which included a Cadre School and a Study Group, was
headed by Mikola Abramtchik in Paris and Major Boris Ragula was its
Operations Chief. Francis Kushel was BNR's military representative in New
York.
Boehm, Anton
V-6732 prior to 1950 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). CC-2 1950-53 (Otto
Von Bolschwing's (V-B) cryptonym for a member of his CC Net (V-B's
Headquarter's staff and direct contacts) in Austria).
Boehrsch, Herbert V-2713 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Bohle, Ernst Wilhelm CALABRIA (cryptonym).
BOLERO
BOLERO refers to the group of Germans from Foreign Armies East and
headed by Reinhard Gehlen immediately after the war. The BOLERO group
merged with the KEYSTONE group (headed by Herman Baun) to form the
Gehlen Organization with Gehlen as Chief.
Bolschwing, Otto Von GROSSBAHN, UNREST, and USAGE (cryptonyms).
BORCHERS, Hermann Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Sander.
BORCHERT, Ernst Gehlen Organization alias for Erich Deppner.
Borghese, J unio Valerio Associated with OSS Plan IVY (1944-45).
BOULDER
BOULDER Project was a training program. Lyubomir Ortinskiy associated with
Project.
BRACHT Gehlen Organization alias for Guenter Hans Bernau.
Brazaitis, J ouzas
AEPOLE-8 (cryptonym). Associated with Project AEPOLE and Project
AEBALCONY.
BRENNER, Andre Gehlen Organization alias for Andreas Biederbick.
Bricha
Bricha (Hebrew for "escape") was the organized illegal mass immigration
movement of J ews from Eastern Europe across the occupied zones and into
Israel after WWII. The aim was to reach the coasts, where clandestine ships
arranged by the Aliyah Bet organization could transfer the DPs to Palestine.
Founded by Abba Kovner and other surviving partisans of Vilna, Bricha began
operations in J uly 1945. In 1946 as the exodus of survivors intensified, a
network of way stations was established that would route the survivors through
Poland and into the US-occupied Zone of Germany. The US Zone
commanders and the Czech government tacitly permitted the infiltration.
Soldiers from the J ewish Brigade and the underground J ewish army in
Palestine administered the program and funds were provided by J DC. Bricha
operatives who escorted the DPs were frequently survivors themselves.
Between August 1945 and J une 1946, Bricha figures showed approximately
48,000 refugees had left Poland in this way. An unknown total number of J ews
reached Palestine via Bricha, but estimates range from 80,000 to 250,000. See
SYMPHONY.
Brombergs, Arturs
RNPILLOW and AECAMBARO-2 (cryptonyms), Lyman M. HEMERET
(pseudonym), Arturs LINDE (alias). Associated with AECOB/ZRLYNCH
Project.
Bross, Alarich
RNMOOSEY, KM-64, J G-3534 (cryptonyms). Associated with LCPROWL
Project.
BRUCKNER, Paul Alias for Andreas Lottum.
Brueckner, Ernst
CARPETMAKER, CASTIRRUP-1 (cryptonyms when he was Liaison Contact at
BKA).
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Term Definition
Brunner, Alois George FISHER (alias).
BURKHARDT Gehlen Organization alias for Friederich Busch.
Burkhardt, Hildegard Hildegard Purwin, widowed Blum, divorced Beetz, nee Burkhardt.
Burmeisters, Aleksandrs AEVAIN-14 (cryptonym). Associated with AEMARSH Project.
Busch, Friederich
V-2982 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). BURKHARDT (Gehlen Organization
alias). UJ DRUG (CIA cryptonym when the Germans ran him as a double agent
against the KGB in Fall PANOPTIKUM).
BZR
AETOMAC-1 (cryptonym for BZR/BCR). Byelorussian emigration was split into
two organizations -- the BZR/BCR (Beloruska Zentralna Rada or Byelorussian
Central Council) and the BNR (Beloruska Nationalna Rada or Byelorussian
National Council or Council of the Byelorussian Peoples Republic). The
BZR/BCR, which was created during the German occupation of Byelorussia
and supported by the Germans, was headed by Radislaw Ostrowsky. The
BNR, which included a Cadre School and a Study Group, was headed by
Mikola Abramtchik in Paris and Major Boris Ragula was its Operations Chief.
Francis Kushel was BNR's military representative in New York.
CABAKER West German Social Democratic Party (SPD).
CABALLETA-2 Cryptonym for Sven-Gunner Treuhoff.
CABANJ O Cryptonym for Theo Saevecke when he was Liaison Contact at BKA.
CABATON
CABATON (1956-64) provided accommodation addresses in Bonn and
Frankfurt. Erich Neugebauer, J ohannes Hirsemann associated with Project.
CABATON-165 Cryptonym for Erich Neugebauer.
CABATON-39 Cryptonym for J ohannes Hirsemann.
CABATON-46 Cryptonym for Georg Umpfenbach.
Cabell, General Charles P.
William F. ORDWAY (pseudonym). General Charles P. Cabell was the Deputy
Director of Central Intelligence (DDCI) when Allen Dulles was the Director of
Central Intelligence (DCI) from 1953-62.
CABEZONE Defector Reception Center (DRC) in Frankfurt, Germany.
CABOCHE-1
Cryptonym for National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (Narodno Trudovoi
Soyuz (NTS)), which reportedly was founded in the 1930s by Russian emigres
with extreme rightest and anti-Semitic views and collaborated closely with the
Nazis in Russia, providing local administrators, propagandists, and informants.
The NTS rebuilt itself on purely anti-Communist grounds in 1945. After the war,
the NTS has its own newspaper "Possev." See also AESAURUS, QKDROOP.
CABOLT CIA cryptonym for J oseph Schreieder as Liaison Contact at the LfV.
CACHINO-4 Cryptonym for Sergie Shebalin.
CACINNABAR
Foreign intelligence program to train and maintain multi-purpose staybehind
agents who could be used for clandestine communications.
CACROZE Office of Coordinator Advisor, Germany.
CACUS-4 Cryptonym for Otto Hantel.
CADENTINE
CADENTINE Project subsidized a West German youth group. Leonid Von
Cube associated with Project.
CADENTINE-4 Cryptonym for Leonid Von Cube.
CADINGY Cryptonym for Hans J oachim Kudoke.
CADOME West German Federal Criminal Police (Bundeskriminalamt (BKA)).
CADORY Cable indicator for German covert action.
CADRAIN Political/psychological project office in Berlin.
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Term Definition
CADRASTIC
CADROWN (formerly TPEMBER Apparat, CADRASTIC) (1952-55) was
approved in 1952 as Amendment 3 to Project TPEMBER to establish a
paramilitary resistance apparat in East Germany for escape and evasion and
other staybehind resistance activities in case of war with the USSR. TPEMBER
(later CADROIT) (1949-55) supported a campaign to expose and to prevent
where possible, illegal actions, breaches of justice, and acts of inhumanity
committed and tolerated by authorities in East Germany. This was effected
through the League of Free J urists in East Germany.
CADRE OSS/SSU cryptonym for Georgs Gaston Kulikovskis.
CADRIER Cryptonym for Karl Heinz Marbach.
CADROIT
CADROIT (formerly TPEMBER) (1949-55) subsidized and guided the
Investigative Committee of Free J urists (Untersuchungsausschuss freiheitlicher
J uristen (UfJ )), which developed from one person as the head of a notional
committee in West Berlin to an active organization with a West Berlin
Headquarters staff of 75 and about 2,000 East German covert contacts, many
from the legal profession and/or East German government. The UfJ , with CIA
assistance, conducted extensive propaganda campaigns in East Germany,
based mainly on information from East German informants, to expose illegal
actions, breaches of justice, and acts of inhumanity committed and tolerated by
authorities in East Germany. An outgrowth of the UfJ -sponsored International
Congress of J urists in Berlin (1952) was the establishment of the International
Commission of J urists in The Hague, which was supported by CIA under
Project QKFEARFUL. CADROIT also included CADROWN (1952-55), a
paramilitary organization established in East Germany for wartime use. Helmut
Casemir associated with Project CADROIT.
CADROIT-4 Cryptonym for Helmut Casemir.
CADROWN
CADROWN (formerly TPEMBER Apparat, CADRASTIC) (1952-55) was
approved in 1952 as Amendment 3 to Project TPEMBER to establish a
paramilitary resistance apparat in East Germany for escape and evasion and
other staybehind resistance activities in case of war with the USSR. TPEMBER
(later CADROIT) (1949-55) supported a campaign to expose and to prevent
where possible, illegal actions, breaches of justice, and acts of inhumanity
committed and tolerated by authorities in East Germany. This was effected
through the League of Free J urists in East Germany.
CADRUG German Mission Office of Security.
CADUCITY Cryptonym for Fredrich Otto Lehmann.
CAECTOMY Surveillance/investigative team in Frankfurt.
CAECTOMY-18 Cryptonym for Georg Umpfenbach.
CAESAR
Plan CAESAR was considered by the OSS as a double agent operation against
the J apanese Intelligence Service in Italy (1945). J ose Garrette considered for
possible use on Project.
CAFEAT Cryptonym for West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
CAFIGHT
CAFIGHT involved operations against the Soviet target in the Hamburg area.
Hans Waldemar Seebode associated with Project.
CAFIGHT-2 Cryptonym for Hans Waldemar Seebode.
CAFILA
Cryptonym for Gerhard Von Schwerin, who was Konrad Adenauer's military
advisor.
CAGENERAL
CAGENERAL (1958-67) provided accommodation address custodians for
Munich Operations Base clandestine operations. Richard Bleil assoiated with
Program.
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Term Definition
CAGENERAL-27 Cryptonym for Richard Bleil.
CAGER Cable indicator for German Station.
CAHECTIC-4 Cryptonym for Helmut Casemir.
CAHELM
CAHELM involved operations to penetrate the German Communist China
Friendship Society and other extremist groups. Hans Waldemar Seebode
associated with Project.
CAHELM-1 Cryptonym for Hans Waldemar Seebode.
CAHESSITE West German Defense Ministry.
CAINFER-1 Cryptonym for Werner Goettsch.
CAISSON-10 Cryptonym for Erwin Regen.
CAISSON-19 Cryptonym for Carl Heinz Mueller.
CAJ ERSEY
Kampfgruppe gegen Unmenschlichkeit (KgU), or Fighting Group against
Inhumanity. See DTLINEN.
CALABEL-1 Cryptonym for Gustav Hilger
CALABRIA Cryptonym for Ernst Wilhelm Bohle.
CALAMITOUS-1 Cryptonym for Franciszek Drzewiecki.
CA-LAND
CA-LAND was joint Swedish/SSU boat operation into Latvia. Edvins Ozolins
associated with Project.
CALESA-1 Cryptonym for Kurt Reichert.
CALL Cable indicator for West German foreign intelligence.
CALLENDER, Kenneth H. Pseudonym for J ames McCargar.
CALLIKAK
Mail and telephone intercept program established by US Army in Germany after
WWII.
CAMBARO-1 Cryptonym for Freds Launags.
CAMBIO
Project CAMBIO (Mar.-Nov. 1951) provided information on operating
procedures, personnel, daily movement of trucks and trains from particular
locations in Soviet Zone of Germany. Horst Paul Vettermann associated with
Project.
CAMBIO-0 Cryptonym for Horst Paul Vettermann.
CAMBISTA-1
Cryptonym for the Byelorussian National Council (BNR). Mikola Abramtchik in
Paris was the head of the BNR.
CAMBISTA-10 Cryptonym for Francis Kushel.
CAMBISTA-16 Cryptonym for Vitaut Tumash.
CAMBISTA-17 Cryptonym for Stanislaw Stankiewicz.
CAMBISTA-2 Cryptonym for Major Boris Ragula.
CAMBISTA-4 Cryptonym for Mikola Abramtchik.
CAMEL OSS/SSU cryptonym for George Srb.
CAMEN West German Federal Criminal Police (Bundeskriminalamt (BKA)).
CAMEO OSS/SSU cryptonym for Murat Ferid.
CAMERA OSS/SSU cryptonym for Fritz Schwend.
CAMISADE
CAMISADE (formerly FORD) are OSS/SSU/CIG cryptonyms for J oachim
Weinert.
CAMISE Cryptonym for Hildegard Beetz.
CAMISOLE OSS/SSU/CIG cryptonym for Victor Larionoff.
CAMLET-1 Cryptonym for Arno Scholz.
CAMOG
Cable indicator for operations and support activities in Munich not related to the
BND.
CAMOMILE OSS/SSU cryptonym for Kuno Wirsich.
CAMPHOR Cryptonym for Leonid Tschoudnowsky.
CAMPUS
US Army Counterintelligence Corps operation (1949-53) to identify individuals
with Nazi backgrounds in the emerging West German Government.
CAMUSO-1 Cryptonym for Alfreds Riekstins.
Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files
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Term Definition
CAMUSO-2 Cryptonym for Edvins Ozolins.
CAMUSO-3 Cryptonym for Nikolajs Balodis.
CAMY CIA Office of Policy Coordination/German Desk.
CANAKIN OSS/SSU/CIG/CIA cryptonym for Georg Gerebkov.
CANCAN OSS/SSU/CIG cryptonym for Heinz Karl Krull.
CANDIDA Cryptonym for Heinz Schmalschlager.
CANNABIN OSS/SSU cryptonym for Ulrich Wirth.
CANNONADE OSS/SSU cryptonym for Georg Meyer.
CANUCK Cryptonym for Sergie Froehlich.
CANZONET Cryptonym for George Spitz.
CAPANEUS Cryptonym (late 1940s) for Myron Matviyeyko.
CAPARISON Cryptonym for Ivan Hrinioch.
CAPEDAL
CASTONE/CAPEDAL involved surveillance and investigations supporting
Munich Base. Eduard Fischer associated with Project.
CAPEDAL-1 Cryptonym for Eduard Fischer.
CAPEDAL-3 Cryptonym for J osef Flachslander.
CAPELIN-1 Cryptonym for Michael Korzhan.
CAPELIN-2 Cryptonym for Volodymyr Bohdan Slymakovsky.
CAPELLA
OSS/SSU cryptonym for Guenther Wischmann when he was an agent of Fritz
Schwend.
CAPOTE
Cryptonym for Friedrich Wilhelm Heinz, who was associated with Amt Blank,
the predecessor organization of part of West Germany's Ministry of Defense.
CAPRAIRIE Team Surveillance team.
CAPRIFORM Cryptonym for Gerhard Von Mende.
CAPSTAN
AEGEAN (formerly CAPSTAN) provided FI (foreign intelligence) from the Baltic
States and USSR using support bases developed in the Lithuanian SSR as
transit points. AEGEAN/CAPSTAN work continued under Project AECHAMP.
CAPSULA Fried. Krupp A.G.
CAPSULA-1 Cryptonym for Alfred Krupp Von Bohlen und Halbach.
CARAVEL Cryptonym for Paul Dickopf.
CARBODYDRATE Cryptonym for Helmut Casemir.
CARCASS Operation
AESAURUS / AENOBLE (initially AEROSOL, renamed AEGIDEON /
AENOBLE in 1958) operation (1950-61) maintained communications with
agents of the National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (Narodno Trudovoi Soyuz
or NTS (CABOCHE-1, PDGIDEON, SHUBA-100)). NTS was founded in 1930s
by Russian emigres with extreme rightest and anti-Semitic views and
collaborated closely with the Nazis in Russia, providing local administrators,
propagandists, and informants. NTS rebuilt itself in 1945 as an anti-Soviet
migr organization inside the USSR and with its own newspaper "Possev."
This project sought the development and exploitation of NTS agents as long-
term hot war assets and as sources of operational positive and psychological
intelligence. The Project included Operation CARCASS, training/dispatch into
USSR of agents to organize resistance groups and collect FI; Operation SPAIN
to establish NTS groups in US zone/Germany and Austria against Soviet
occupation forces through propaganda, defection, resistance, and collecting FI;
Operation RADIO to establish a mobile covert radio operated by NTS for
propaganda into East Zone. See also QKDROOP.
CARDIFF
Alias for J oachim Weinert when he was agent of NKVD officer Captain FNU
Skurin.
Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files
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Term Definition
CARECOVER
CARECOVER (formerly AERECOVER) was a net of Soviet military intelligence
agents in Wiesbaden.
CARETINA Cryptonym for Heinz Pannwitz.
CARETIRE-2 Cryptonym for Hans Czech.
CARLSON, Mr. W. Alias for Aleks Kurgvel.
CAROAST-3 Cryptonym for J osef Flachslander.
CARPETMAKER Cryptonym for Ernst Brueckner as Liaison Contact at BKA.
CARRIAGE Polygraph test.
CARRYALL Cryptonym for Zsolt Aradi.
Carstenn, Friedrich J G-7091 (cryptonym). Associated with LCPROWL Apparat Project.
CART Cable Indicator for counterespionage investigation reports.
CARTEL
AERODYNAMIC (formerly CARTEL, ANDROGEN, AECARTHAGE) (1949-70)
refers to CIA support for ZP/UHVR (Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council),
which began in 1949. CIA helped to establish in New York City the Prolog
Research and Publishing Company in 1953 as ZP/UHVR's publishing and
research arm. Prolog, through an affiliate in Munich, published periodicals and
selected books and pamphlets which sought to exploit and increase nationalist
and other dissident tendencies in the Soviet Ukraine. ZP/UHVR operational
activity concentrated on propaganda and contact operations. In 1970,
AERODYNAMIC was redesignated QRPLUMB. The file includes
AERODYNAMIC Development and Plans (Vol. 1-8), Operations (Vol. 9-41),
and Contact Reports (Vol. 42-47). Yaroslav Fedyk, Ivan Hrinioch, Mykola
Lebed, Yury Lopatinsky, Lyubomir Ortinskiy associated with Project. Roman
Tymewycz a clerical employee in Branch Office of Project AERODYNAMIC.
CARTEL-1 Cryptonym for Ivan Hrinioch.
CARTEL-2 Cryptonym for Mykola Lebed.
CARTEL-3 Cryptonym for Yury Lopatinsky.
CARTEL-6 Cryptonym for Yaroslav Fedyk.
CARVER West German Foreign Office.
CASCOPE Cryptonym for West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
Casemir, Helmut
CADROIT-4, CAHECTIC-4, CARBOHYDRATE, LINCOLN (cryptonyms).
Associated with Project CADROIT.
CASNIDE
CASNIDE was Gehlen Organization program (1955) to develop escape and
evasion capabilities in West Germany in support of US European Command
requirements.
CASPHERE Cryptonym for Ludwig Erhard during 1963-66.
CASSOWARY-1
Cryptonym for Ukrainian migr organization, ZP/UHVR, Foreign
Representation of the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council.
CASSOWARY-2 Cryptonym for Mykola Lebed.
CASSOWARY-27 Cryptonym for Lyubomir Ortinskiy.
CASSOWARY-3 Cryptonym for Ivan Hrinioch.
CASSOWARY-6 Cryptonym for Yaroslav Fedyk.
CASTABIA Refugee debriefing program.
CASTIRRUP
Security Group of the West German Federal Criminal Police
(Bundeskriminalamt).
CASTIRRUP-1 Cryptonym for Ernst Brueckner as Liaison Contact at BKA.
CASTONE
CASTONE/CAPEDAL involved surveillance and investigations supporting
Munich Base. Eduard Fischer, J osef Flachslander associated with Project.
CASTONE-16 Cryptonym for J osef Flachslander.
CASTONE-4 Cryptonym for Eduard Fischer.
Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files
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Term Definition
CASUSTAIN
CASUSTAIN involved operations against the Soviet target in Northern
Germany. Walther Block, Inge Marie Gehrich, Hans Waldemar Seebode
associated with Project.
CASUSTAIN-15 Cryptonym for Inge Marie Gehrich.
CASUSTAIN-5 Cryptonym for Hans Waldemar Seebode.
CASUSTAIN-8 Cryptonym for Walther Block.
CATADPOLE
CATADPOLE Project involved surveillance and investigative activities in
Frankfurt area. Heinz Till considered for possible use on Project.
CATADPOLE-1 Cryptonym for Georg Umpfenbach.
CATARATA Cryptonym for Sergie Shebalin.
CATARSI Cable indicator for Berlin Base operational support.
CATIDE West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
CATOMIC
CATOMIC (1970-74) superceded CATOPHAT and included access agent
operations against the Soviet Embassy near Bonn and the Soviet Trade
Mission near Cologne as well as operations to recruit or insert assets in West
German companies which deal with the Soviet Union and Communist China.
Heinrich Bandholz associated with Project.
CATOMIC-3 Cryptonym for Heinrich Bandholz.
CATOPHAT
CATOPHAT operation (1967-70) used an access agent directed against the
Soviet Embassy near Bonn, West Germany and the Soviet Trade Mission near
Cologne, West Germany. CATOPHAT was superceded by CATOMIC.
Heinrich Bandholz associated with Project.
CATOPHAT-1 Cryptonym for Heinrich Bandholz.
CATRANSIT
CATRANSIT (1964-69) was launched by Berlin Operations Base (BOB) and
provided for the development and maintenance of a courier pool that would
sustain secure communication with agents residing in East Berlin and/or East
Germany. This progam was necessary because BOB's communications with
most of its agents in East Berlin were severed when the Berlin Wall was
erected in Aug. 1961. Richard Bleil associated with Program.
CATRANSIT-28 Cryptonym for Richard Bleil.
CATRIBE West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
CATROJ ANHORSE Soviet Consulate in Hamburg.
CATTURA Cryptonym for Roberts Ancans.
CATUSK West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
CAUSA-1 Cryptonym for Hans Globke.
CAUTERY
CAUTERY Project involved debriefing refugees for intelligence leads
concerning likely defectors. J ohann Dosse, Werner Franz Glasenapp, Heinrich
Kutzler, Hans Lobbes, Andreas Lottum, Wilhelm Ludtke, Elfina Mellenthin,
Walter Mellenthin, Theo Saevecke, Horst Paul Vettermann associated with
Project.
CAUTERY-1 Cryptonym for Hans Lobbes.
CAUTERY-10 Cryptonym for Elfina Mellenthin.
CAUTERY-16 Cryptonym for Horst Paul Vettermann.
CAUTERY-18 Cryptonym for Heinrich Kutzler.
CAUTERY-2 Cryptonym for Theo Saevecke.
CAUTERY-3 Cryptonym for Walter Mellenthin.
CAUTERY-4 Cryptonym for Wilhelm Ludtke.
CAUTERY-5 Cryptonym for Werner Franz Glasenapp.
CAUTERY-6 Cryptonym for J ohann Dosse.
CAUTERY-8 Cryptonym for Andreas Lottum.
CAVATA
LfV, which were the Field Offices of the BfV (Office for the Protection of the
Constitution, Internal Security Service).
Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files
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Term Definition
CAVATA-16 Cryptonym for Hubert Schruebbers.
CAVATA-17 Cryptonym for Erich Wenger as Liaison Contact at BfV.
CAVATINA
Cryptonym for either Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) or Foreign
Section of Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (Zch/OUN).
CAVATINA-1 Cryptonym for Stefan Bandera.
CAVATINA-12 Cryptonym for Ivan Kashuba.
CAVATINA-2 Cryptonym for Yaroslav Stetsko.
CAVATINA-5 Cryptonym for Bodhan Pidhainy.
CAVATINA-6
Cryptonym for the Bandera faction of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists
(OUN-B).
CAVERVE
Interrogations of German prisoners of war (POWs) returning from the Soviet
Union.
CAVIRIL LfV Bavaria.
CAVOICE Audio operation.
CAWASH West German Government Ministry of German Affairs.
CAWHISPER
LfV, which were the Field Offices of the BfV (Office for the Protection of the
Constitution, Internal Security Service).
CAWHISPER-16 Cryptonym for Hubert Schruebbers.
CAZAMIA
LfV, which were the Field Offices of the BfV (Office for the Protection of the
Constitution, Internal Security Service).
CC-12
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for J osef Hermann Wirth as a member of his
CC Net in Austria.
CC-13
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for Wolfgang Von Pfaundler as a member of
his CC Net in Austria.
CC-2
CC-2, during 1950-53, was Otto Von Bolschwing's (V-B) cryptonym for Anton
Boehm as a member of his CC Net (V-B's Headquarter's staff and direct
contacts) in Austria.
CC-3
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for Inge Von Der Tann as a member of his
CC Net in Austria.
CE Counterespionage.
CENIS Cambridge Center for International Studies.
CHARITY
OBDURATE (formerly OBSTACLE, Plan CHARITY) (1954-56), incorporated
into OBLONG in 1956, exploited the intelligence potential of a significant
Albanian migr group in Rome (Balli Kombetar). Xhaver Deva associated with
Project.
CHAURUS Byelorussian Liberation Union in Paris that was headed by Mikola Abramtchik.
Chikolov, Alexander CLAM (OSS/SSU cryptonym).
CHURGIN, Raymond S. Pseudonym for Freds Launags.
CI Counterintelligence.
CIA
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). BKCROWN, BKHERALD, BKTRUST,
DYCLAIM, J KLANCE, KUBARK, NWBOLTON, PNEXCEL, PNINFINITE,
PNJ EWEL, PNPEAK, PNRADIUS, PNREADY, PNVALUE, PNWORLD,
RTACTION, RVROCK, TQHIGHROAD, WOFACT, WOFIRM, ZACABAL
(cryptonyms). Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and its predecessor
organizations are Coordinator of Information (COI), 11 J ul. 1941 - 12 J un. 1942;
Office of Strategic Services (OSS), 13 J un. 1942 - 1 Oct. 1945; Strategic
Services Unit (SSU), 27 Sep. 1945 - 19 Oct. 1946; Central Intelligence Group
(CIG), 22 J an. 1946 - 18 Sep. 1947; and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 25
Sep. 1947.
CIA Contact Division KUJ UMP (cryptonym).
CIA Counterintelligence Center KUDESK, KUWRAP, WOMUSE (cryptonyms).
CIA DCI CIA Director of Central Intelligence (DCI).
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Term Definition
CIA DDCI CIA Deputy Director of Central Intelligence (DDCI).
CIA DDI CIA Deputy Director for Intelligence (DDI). KUCHAP, WOROMP (cryptonyms).
CIA DDO
CIA Deputy Director for Operations (DDO). DYCLAW, KUDOVE, SVMACE,
WOMACE (cryptonyms).
CIA DS&T
CIA Directorate of Science and Technology (DS&T). KUBASS, WOYARD
(cryptonyms).
CIA Directorate of Intelligence PNORACLE (cryptonym).
CIA East Asia Division KOBIRD (cryptonym).
CIA Europe Division KEYWAY (cryptonym).
CIA Europe Division agent training TOEXCEL (cryptonym).
CIA Foreign Intelligence Staff WOLENS (cryptonym).
CIA International Activities Division WOLIME (cryptonym).
CIA International Organizations Division BGACTRESS (cryptonym).
CIA Latin America Division AKULE (cryptonym).
CIA Office of Central Reference (OCR) WOECRU (cryptonym).
CIA Office of General Counsel (OGC) LCDATA (cryptonym).
CIA Office of National Estimates (ONE) KUJ AZZ, WOHORN (cryptonyms).
CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC)
BGCANE, BGRHYTHM, DYCLAVIER, DYCLIP, DYCLUCK, FJ CAPE,
KNOBBY, VLKIVA, ZACACTUS (cryptonyms).
CIA Office of Political Analysis (OPA) KUMONK, WOGEAR (cryptonym).
CIA Office of Scientific Intelligence (OSI) KUKNOB, WOLOBE, ZACALICO (cryptonyms).
CIA Office of Special Operations (OSO). DYCLEAN, DYCLEMATIS, OGIVE, ZACABIN (cryptonyms).
CIA OSO Technical Guidance DYCLAMOR (cryptonym)
CIA Soviet Division REDBLOCK, REDCOAT, REDLEG, REDTOP (cryptonyms).
CIA TSD
CIA Technical Services Division (TSD). AQUATIC, DYCLOTH, KUCITY,
KURIOT, MKNOVA, MKTOPAZ, WOACRE, WOLOCK (cryptonyms).
CIC
US Army Counterintelligence Corps (US Army CIC or CIC). BGHABIT,
DYMACULE, LNWILT, ODOPAL (cryptonyms).
CIG
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and its predecessor organizations are
Coordinator of Information (COI), 11 J ul. 1941 - 12 J un. 1942; Office of
Strategic Services (OSS), 13 J un. 1942 - 1 Oct. 1945; Strategic Services Unit
(SSU), 27 Sep. 1945 - 19 Oct. 1946; Central Intelligence Group (CIG), 22 J an.
1946 - 18 Sep. 1947; and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 25 Sep. 1947.
CIRCLE
Plan CIRCLE (1946-48) was a US Army CIC operation that recruited Sergio
Mainetto to penetrate ONARMO (Opera Nazionale Assistionza Religiosa
Morale Operai), an organization in Rome that sponsored illegal immigration to
Spain and South America. The Rome Office of the International Red Cross
was staffed with a large number of German sympathizers who were facilitating
the immmigration of Germans to South America. ONARMO also appeared to
have the blessing of the Vatican. CIA was given access to the information
obtained from this operation.
Cirulis, J anis AEVAIN-24 (cryptonym). Associated with AEMARSH Project.
CKPOLAR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
CLAM OSS/SSU cryptonym for Alexander Chikolov.
Classen, Wilhelm
J G-9633, RNSPLUNT (cryptonyms). Associated with QKSNITCH (Gesellschaft
fuer Wehrkunde (GfW)) under Project KMMANLY.
CLAYTON, Mr. A. Alias for Aleks Kurgvel.
Clemens, Hans
V-2665 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Hans CRAMER, HOFFMAN
(Gehlen Organization alias). UJ DRUM (cryptonym).
CLIP OSS/SSU cryptonym for Georg Meyer.
Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files
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Term Definition
Code 307/7 SSU cryptonym for Ivan Docheff.
COI
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and its predecessor organizations are
Coordinator of Information (COI), 11 J ul. 1941 - 12 J un. 1942; Office of
Strategic Services (OSS), 13 J un. 1942 - 1 Oct. 1945; Strategic Services Unit
(SSU), 27 Sep. 1945 - 19 Oct. 1946; Central Intelligence Group (CIG), 22 J an.
1946 - 18 Sep. 1947; and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 25 Sep. 1947.
CONDUCTOR Cryptonym for Asher Ben-Nathan (aka Arthur PIER).
CONNY Gehlen Organization alias for Cornelius Van Der Horst.
Coordinator of Information (COI)
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and its predecessor organizations are
Coordinator of Information (COI), 11 J ul. 1941 - 12 J un. 1942; Office of
Strategic Services (OSS), 13 J un. 1942 - 1 Oct. 1945; Strategic Services Unit
(SSU), 27 Sep. 1945 - 19 Oct. 1946; Central Intelligence Group (CIG), 22 J an.
1946 - 18 Sep. 1947; and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 25 Sep. 1947.
CRABBE OSS Cryptonym for Zsolt Aradi.
CRAMER, Hans Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Clemens.
CRASKE, Merritt C. Alias for Helmut Vogt.
CROWCASS
British Central Registry of War Criminals and Security Suspects. Used by
Allies after WWII to identify suspect war criminals.
Cube, Leonid Von CADENTINE-4 (cryptonym). Associated with CADENTINE Project.
Cuttsem, Marcel Van
EE-2 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his EE Net (Catholic
Church Connections) in Austria).
Czech, Hans CARETIRE-2 (cryptonym when he was Liaison Contact at the BKA).
Dadone, Ugo
DESDEMONA, LACERATOR, J K-78 (cryptonyms). Associated with Plan
BAZAR and Project AREDIT.
DANIEL Gehlen Organization alias for Andreas Biederbick.
Daugavas Vanagi Latvian Veterans Organization. Vilis Hazners was leader of this organization.
DCI CIA Director of Central Intelligence
DDCI CIA Deputy Director of Central Intelligence.
Debrassine, Heinz J G-7300 (cryptonym). Associated with LCPROWL Apparat.
DECADEL Cryptonym for Xhaver Deva.
DEHNE, Manfred Peter Gehlen Organization alias for Fritz Dorn.
DEICHMAN, J osef Gehlen Organization alias for J osef Didinger.
DELIA SSU cryptonym for Ivan Docheff.
DENKER OSS/SSU cryptonym for Paul Dickopf.
DEODAR-1 Cryptonym for Valerio Benuzzi.
Deppner, Erich
V-616 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Ernst BORCHERT, Egon DIETRICH
(Gehlen Organization aliases).
DEPTHLESS-4 Cryptonym for Constantine Papanace.
DERNBURG, Heinz Gehlen Organization alias for Heinrich Lienhard.
Deryabin, Petr Soviet defector and former KGB officer.
DESDEMONA Cryptonym for Ugo Dadone.
DESNEW, Kenneth W. Pseudonym for Tscherim Soobzokov.
Deutsche Soldaten Zeitung (DSZ)
Deutsche Soldaten Zeitung (DSZ), under Project KMMANLY, was the German
Soldiers Newspaper. HTFULFIL, QKNAGNAG (cryptonyms).
Deva, Xhaver
DECADEL (cryptonym). Associated with Projects OBLONG/OBDURATE,
ZRNAUNTLE.
DEVILFISH OSS cryptonym for Sergio Mainetto.
DGB West German Federation of Trade Unions.
DIA Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA). LNSHOE (cryptonym).
Dickopf, Paul CARAVEL (cryptonym). DENKER, HATHOR (OSS/SSU cryptonyms).
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Term Definition
Didinger, J osef
V-13600 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). J osef DEICHMAN, J osef DORER,
Hans DURING (Gehlen Organization alias).
DIETRICH, Egon Gehlen Organization alias for Erich Deppner.
Dietrich, Wilhelm
TT-2 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his TT Net (Vorarlberg
Security Directorate Unit) in Austria). V-6628, formerly V-6606 (Gehlen
Organization V-Numbers). GRALDER-1, LANDSEER-10 (cryptonyms).
DILLINGER Operation Monitoring of the Urban - Lukasch "garbage" collectors.
DIMITROFF, Ivan Alias for Ivan Docheff.
DISTAFF-60 Cryptonym for Alfred Kurt Krueger.
DIZTAG Czechoslovakia.
Docheff, Ivan
DELIA, Code 307/7 (SSU cryptomyms). Ivan DIMITROFF (alias). GOMACE,
MEMACE (CIA cryptonyms). He was Chief of Bulgarian Section of SSU Project
SYBILLE (SSU), and also associated with Projects BGCONVOY,
ZRNAUNTLE.
DOEHRING, Horst-Guenther Gehlen Organization alias for Alexander Dolezalek.
DOKTOR Gehlen Organization alias for Emmerich Offczarek.
Dolezalek, Alexander
V-3002 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Horst-Guenther DOEHRING
(Gehlen Organization alias).
Domes, Walter
V-12024 (Gelhen Organization alias). Walter DRAHA, Daniel WILDORF
(Gehlen Organization aliases).
DORER, J osef Gehlen Organization alias for J osef Didinger.
Dorn, Fritz
V-3376 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Manfred Peter DEHNE, Fritz
TRAUBE (Gehlen Organization aliases).
Dosse, J ohann CAUTERY-6 (cryptonym). Associated with Project CAUTERY.
Dosti, Hasan
Henry R. MALAMENT (alias). Associated with Project OBLIVIOUS. See also
Balli Kombetar, BGFIEND, NCFA, OBOPUS, Shqiperia.
Draganovic, Krunoslav DYNAMO (US Army cryptonym).
DRAHA, Walter Gehlen Organization alias for Walter Domes.
DRC
Defector Reception Center (DRC) in Frankfurt, Germany. CABEZONE
(cryptonym).
Drzewiecki, Franciszek CALAMITOUS-1 (cryptonym).
DTBEYOND
DTBEYOND Project provides for the rescue of individuals involved in escape
and evasion activities in Germany. Georg Kretzschmar associated with Project.
DTCRUTCH CIA Office of Special Operations (OSO) Station at Karlsruhle.
DTELDER US Army European Command (EUCOM).
DTLINEN
DTLINEN (formerly EARTHENWARE, GRAVEYARD) (1951-60) was a CIA
covert propaganda, harassment, and sabotage activity subsidizing both the
overt and covert the activities of the Kampgruppe gegen Unmenschlichkeit
(Fighting Group against Inhumanity (KgU)) against East Germany. The KgU
(CAJ ERSEY), an overt organization, sought to expose conditions in the USSR
and Soviet Zone of Germany which were considered crimes against humanity.
Heinrich Otto Krause associated with Project. Erich Von Sivers considered for
possible use on Project.
DTPILLAR
DTPILLAR (1951-67) refers to CIA support to The Asia Foundation, which
undertook programs via private institutions in Asia to counteract the spread and
appeal of communism. Karl Herczeg associated with Project. Minoru Maeda
considered for possible use on Project.
DTRAPID
Project DTRAPID involved police checks and investigative tasks. Sven-Gunner
Truehoff associated with Project.
DTTHICK Hamburg, West Germany.
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Term Definition
Dukavits, Anton
KIBITZ-201 (cryptonym). Worked in KIBITZ-15's (Walter Kopp) net in the
KIBITZ Project.
Dulles, Allen
Robert A. ASCHAM (pseudonym). Allen Dulles was Director of Central
Intelligence (DCI) from 1953-62.
Duplitzer, Emil V-11718 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Durcansky, J an BIOPHORE-1 (cryptonym). Associated with Project BIOPHORE.
DURING, Hans Gehlen Organization alias for J osef Didinger.
DYCLAIM Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
DYCLAMOR CIA Office of Special Operations (OSO) Technical Guidance.
DYCLAVIER CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC).
DYCLAW CIA Deputy Director for Operations (DDO).
DYCLEAN CIA Office of Special Operations (OSO).
DYCLEMATIS CIA Office of Special Operations (OSO).
DYCLIMB KIBITZ staybehind program's training program.
DYCLIP CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC).
DYCLOTH CIA Technical Services Division (TSD).
DYCLUCK CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC).
DYCLUTCH CIA Communications Staff.
DYMACACO US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
DYMACULE US Army Counterintelligence Corps (US Army CIC).
DYMADNESS US Department of Navy.
DYMAGPIE US Army.
DYMAROON US Department of State.
DYNAMO US Army cryptonym for Krunoslav Draganovic.
EARTHENWARE
DTLINEN (formerly EARTHENWARE, GRAVEYARD) (1951-60) was a CIA
covert propaganda, harassment, and sabotage activity subsidizing both the
overt and covert the activities of the Kampgruppe gegen Unmenschlichkeit
(Fighting Group against Inhumanity (KgU)) against East Germany. The KgU
(CAJ ERSEY), an overt organization, sought to expose conditions in the USSR
and Soviet Zone of Germany which were considered crimes against humanity.
Heinrich Otto Krause associated with Project. Erich Von Sivers considered for
possible use on Project.
EARTHWORM Psychological Warfare.
EBERT Gehlen Organization alias for Rolf Engel.
ECKERT, Dr. Oskar Gehlen Organization alias for Emmerich Offczarek.
EDER Alias for J osef Stigler.
EDUCATOR
QKDEMON (formerly UMPIRE, EDUCATOR) (1949-50) was a psychological
warfare project and provided the production and dissemination of covert
propaganda against the Soviet Union and its satellites using radio broadcasts
and printed material. Hildegard Beetz associated with Project.
EE-1
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for Hugo Montjoye-Vaufrey as a member of
his EE Net (Catholic Church Connections) in Austria.
EE-2
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for Marcel Van Cuttsem as a member of his
EE Net (Catholic Church Connections) in Austria.
EE-4
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for Otto Schulmeister as a member of his EE
Net (Catholic Church Connections) in Austria.
ELLER Gehlen Organization alias for Fritz Gustav Erdmann.
Engel, Rolf EBERT (Gehlen Organization alias).
ENGELHARDT, Heinz Gehlen Organization alias for Heinrich Lienhard.
EQUAL British cryptonym for the Rote Kapelle.
Erdmann, Fritz Gustav
V-2665.2 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Fritz LOHRMANN, ELLER
(Gehlen Organization aliases).
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Term Definition
Erhard, Ludwig CASPHERE (cryptonym) during 1963-66.
Escapee Program
The United States Escapee Program (USEP) or President's Escapee Program
(PEP) was established in 1952 to assist escapees from the Soviet Bloc
(nationals from Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Albania, Bulgaria, the Baltic
States, or the USSR) fleeing from persecution and despair to countries of
asylum in Europe. The Department of State, Foreign Operations
Administration, had the responsibility of implementing this program, which
assisted the escapees to get settled in the western world.
EUCHRE
PBSTEAM (formerly EUCHRE, later AEFORD) (1948-50) provided the
services, experience, and backgound of a Russian specialist, Gustav Hilger, for
not only CIA but also other U.S. Government agencies.
EUCOM US Army European Command (EUCOM). DTELDER (cryptonym).
Europaische Wehrkorrespondenz (WWR)
Europaische Wehrkorrespondenz (EWK), under Project KMMANLY, was the
European Defense Newsletter.
FALLIBLE Cryptonym for Horia Sima.
FAMINE OSS/SSU cryptonym for Murat Ferid.
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). NVGROUP, ODENVY (cryptonyms).
Fedyk, Yaroslav
AECASSOWARY-6, CARTEL-6, CASSOWARY-6 (cryptonyms). Associated
with Project AERODYNAMIC.
Feibig, Konrad
V-22352 (formerly V-7038) (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Konrad
FIEDLER, Konrad FISCHER (Gehlen Organization aliases).
Feist, Karl J oseph
V-8833 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Fritz KORF, Dr. Karl WILKE (Gehlen
Organization aliases).
FELDMAN, Igor A. Pseudonym for Alfreds Riekstins
Felfe, Heinz UJ DROWSY (cryptonym). FRIESEN (Gehlen Organization alias).
FELICITAS
Alias used by Hildegard Beetz when she was an agent for Amt VI, RSHA, 1940-
45.
Fellner, Anton HH-1 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for Fellner).
Ferid, Murat
FAMINE, CAMEO (OSS/SSU cryptonyms). V-11364 (Gehlen Organization V-
Number).
FI Foreign Intelligence.
FIAT Field Information Agency Technical (FIAT).
FIDO OSS/SSU cryptonym for Miron Pankevich.
FIEDLER, Konrad Gehlen Organization alias for Konrad Fiebig
FINK Gehlen Organization alias for Alois Fischer.
Finsterer, Werner
V-2354 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Werner WINTERSTEIN, Fritz
WEIGAND, Fritz KAEMMER (Gehlen Organization aliases).
Fischer, Alois FINK (Gehlen Organization alias).
Fischer, Eduard
CASTONE-4, CAPEDAL-1 (cryptonyms). Associated with
CASTONE/CAPEDAL Project.
FISCHER, George Alias for Alois Brunner.
FISCHER, Konrad Gehlen Organization alias for Konrad Fiebig
FJ CAPE CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC).
FJ DRAFT Cryptonym for Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council (UHVR).
FJ DUST Cable indicator for CIA security.
FJ GOODS
Cryptonym for Foreign Representation of the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation
Council (ZPUHVR).
FJ HAKI Estonia.
FJ LESSON North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
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Term Definition
FJ MACHINE
Free Europe Exile Relations (FEER), a Division of the Free Europe Committee,
Inc. J ames McCargar was European Director of FEER (1955-58).
FJ PASTIME Cable indicator for military support flights.
FJ PLEAD
Foreign intelligence collection activities against the Peoples Republic of China
(PRC) and the Chinese communists.
FJ ROWDY Stockholm.
FJ STEAL Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
Flachslander, J osef
CAPEDAL-3, CASTONE-16, CAROAST-3 (cryptonyms). Associated with
Project CASTONE.
Flegel, Arwed
V-2954 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Alfred FRIEDMANN, Hans Hermann
MIGSCH, NIETSCH (Gehlen Organization aliases).
FLUSH OSS cryptonym for Fritz Schwend.
FOGDOGS Air Reconnaissance Wing at Clark Field.
FORD
CAMISADE (formerly FORD) are OSS/SSU/CIG cryptonyms for J oachim
Weinert.
Foreign Armies East
From 1942-45, Reinhard Gehlen was Chief, Fremde Heere Ost (Foreign
Armies East), Hitler's intelligence group with mission to obtain all possible
intelligence material dealing with military, political, or economic situation in the
USSR and southeastern European countries. In April 1945 before the war
ended, Hitler replaced Gehlen with Gerhard Wessel as head of this group. See
Gehlen Organization.
FOX
FOX/UJ LENTIL refers to SATURN Program's West German air-reception
teams with drop and landing zones plotted.
Frank, Friedrich
V-14415 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). FRANKE, KRUEGER (Gehlen
Organization alias).
FRANKE Gehlen Organization alias for Friedrich Frank.
FRANKE, Hans Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Sander.
Fremde Heere Ost
From 1942-45, Reinhard Gehlen was Chief, Fremde Heere Ost (Foreign
Armies East), Hitler's intelligence group with mission to obtain all possible
intelligence material dealing with military, political, or economic situation in the
USSR and southeastern European countries. In April 1945 before the war
ended, Hitler replaced Gehlen with Gerhard Wessel as head of this group. See
Gehlen Organization.
Friede, Willy Heinrich
V-2835 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Frank PAX (Gehlen Organization
alias).
FRIEDMANN, Alfred Gehlen Organization alias for Arwed Flegel.
FRIESE, Gustav Gehlen Organization alias for Kurt Froehlich.
FRIESEN Gehlen Organization alias for Heinz Felfe.
Froehlich, Kurt
V-2327 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Gustav FRIESE (Gehlen
Organization alias).
Froehlich, Sergie CANUCK, J G-2627, KM-26 (cryptonyms). PRUNE (OSS/SSU cryptonym).
Fumy, Rudolf Rudolf FUNK (Gehlen Organization alias).
FUNK, Rudolf Gehlen Organization alias for Rudolf Fumy.
GADULL Cryptonym for Shaqir Kabashi.
GAMBIT OSS cryptonym for Hildegard Beetz.
GANTNER, Helmut Gehlen Organization/BND alias for Hermann Griesse.
GARBO
Cryptonym for American War Refugee Board, which was established in 1944
by President Roosevelt to "rescue endangered refugees in every area of the
world" and initiated its activities in Stockholm. The Board funded Raoul
Wallenberg's assignment in wartime Budapest (1944-45) to protect Hungarian
J ews from Nazi persecution and deportation.
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Term Definition
Garrette, J ose Considered by OSS for use with Plan CAESAR.
Gehlen Organization
ODEUM, OFFSPRING, RUSTY, ZIPPER (cryptonyms). Immediately after the
war, the KEYSTONE group of Germans with some formerly associated with
Foreign Armies East and headed by Herman Baun merged with the BOLERO
group of Germans from Foreign Armies East and headed by Reinhard Gehlen
to form the Gehlen Organization with Gehlen as Chief. In 1956, the Gehlen
Organization became the West German Intelligence Service (BND).
Gehlen, Reinhard
UTILITY (cryptonym). Robert GRABER, Dr. SCHNEIDER (aliases). See also
Fremde Heere Ost, Foreign Armies East, Gehlen Organization.
Gehrich, Inge Marie CASUSTAIN-15 (cryptonym). Associated with CASUSTAIN Project.
Geipel, Walter
V-3348 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Werner GRUNERT (Gehlen
Organization alias).
Geist, Karl RINGWALD-1, GRAVID-5 (cryptonyms). Considered for ICEBERG Program.
Genoud, Francois INFISHY-2 (cryptonym).
Gerebkov, Georg CANAKIN, SLOTH (OSS/SSU/CIG/CIA cryptonyms).
Gesellschaft fuer Wehrkunde (GfW)
QKSNITCH (Gesellschaft fuer Wehrkunde (GfW)) under Project KMMANLY
was a study group of former high ranking German Army officers that was
created by OPC in 1952 and terminated in 1953. Wilhelm Classen, Eberhard
Von Nostitz, Burghard Von Preussen, Felix Steiner associated with Project.
GHORMLEY, Everett M. Pseudonym for Stasys Rastikis.
Gimzauskas, Kazys
V-15775 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). ULMANN (Gehlen Organization
alias).
GIORDANO, Mario K. Pseudonym for Aleks Kurgvel.
Girg, Walter Walter GIRK (Gehlen Organization alias).
GIRK, Walter Gehlen Organization alias for Walter Girg.
Glanert, Georg GRIFFITH (Gehlen Organization alias).
Glasenapp, Werner Franz CAUTERY-5 (cryptonym). Associated with Project CAUTERY.
Globke, Hans
CAUSA-1 (cryptonym when he was Liaison Contact in the West German
Chancellor's Office for discussions and planning during 1951-56 for the transfer
of the Gehlen Organization from CIA sponsorship to the West German
government).
Gmelin, Ulrich J G-8955 (cryptonym). Associated with LCPROWL Project.
Goerz, Hellmuth BEKING-8D (cryptonym). Associated with BECRIPPLE/BEKING Project.
Goettsch, Werner CAINFER-1 (cryptonym).
GOFORTH, Robert T. Pseudonym for Alfreds Berzins.
Goleniewski, Michal Senior Polish Intelligence Service defector and former CIA agent-in-place.
Golitsyn, Anatoliy AELADLE (cryptonym). Soviet defector and former KGB officer.
GOLTEDGE, Louis G. Pseudonym for Freds Launags.
GOMACE Cryptonym for Ivan Docheff.
GORDON Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Scheidt.
GRABER, Robert Alias for Reinhard Gehlen.
GRAGORA
Counterintelligence Corps Detachment 430 of G-2 US Forces Austria (CIC Det
430 G-2 USFA).
GRALDER-1 Cryptonym for Wilhelm Dietrich.
GRALLSPICE Cryptonym for Sergie Shebalin.
GRAM Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Erich Schoebel.
GRANOLITE-10 Cryptonym for Otto Schulmeister.
GRANOLITE-30 Cryptonym for Theodor Von Albert.
GRATLAS Vienna Operations Base in Stiftsdaserne.
Grauer, Gustav GRAUERT (Gehlen Organization alias).
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Term Definition
GRAUERT Gehlen Organization alias for Gustav Grauer.
GRAVEYARD
DTLINEN (formerly EARTHENWARE, GRAVEYARD) (1951-60) was a CIA
covert propaganda, harassment, and sabotage activity subsidizing both the
overt and covert the activities of the Kampgruppe gegen Unmenschlichkeit
(Fighting Group against Inhumanity (KgU)) against East Germany. The KgU
(CAJ ERSEY), an overt organization, sought to expose conditions in the USSR
and Soviet Zone of Germany which were considered crimes against humanity.
Heinrich Otto Krause associated with Project. Erich Von Sivers considered for
possible use on Project.
GRAVID-5 Cryptonym for Karl Geist.
GRCAMERA Cryptonym for Otto Schulmeister.
GRCROOND
GRCROOND Project involved staybehind paramilitary operations in Austria to
develop escape and evasion network. GRREPAIR Project developed the
central section of the escape and evasion network in Austria. Egbert
Hochhauser, Hans Tschurtscenthaler considered for possible use on Project
GRCROOND.
GRCROOND
GRCROOND / GRREPAIR (1952-62) sought to develop and strengthen the
Austrian paramilitary program so that this program could be activated at full
strength in the event of hostilities. The program included staybehind, evasion
and escape; guerrilla warfare and resistance; paramilitary training; and caching
of equipment. Egbert Hochhauser, Hans Tschurtscenthaler considered for
possible use on Project GRCROOND.
GREENGROCER Austrian State Police.
GREENSOAP Austrian Military Intelligence Service (AMIS).
GREENSOAP-10 Cryptonym for Walter Kainz when he was Liaison Contact at AMIS.
GRENGULF Austrian State Police.
Griesse, Hermann Helmut GANTNER (Gehlen Organization/BND alias).
GRIFFITH Gehlen Organization alias for Georg Glanert.
Grombach, J ohn V.
J ohn V. Grombach headed the POND, a codename at State Department for an
intelligence operation founded in WWII, was conducted jointly by the War and
State Departments. GROUNDHOG was cryptonym for the POND. One
Foreign Service Officer (FSO) in each US Embassy (in the countries covered
by the POND) was the POND officer and was provided with secret funds under
his control and secret communications direct to the Department. J ames
McCargar was FSO in Budapest (1946-47) and was also the POND officer in
Hungary at that time.
GROOVY Cable indicator for Austrian intelligence operations.
GROSSBAHN Cryptonym for Otto Von Bolschwing.
GROUNDHOG
GROUNDHOG was cryptonym for the POND organization headed by J ohn V.
Grombach. The POND, a codename at State Department for an intelligence
operation founded in WWII, was conducted jointly by the War and State
Departments. One Foreign Service Officer (FSO) in each US Embassy (in the
countries covered by the POND) was the POND officer and was provided with
secret funds under his control and secret communications direct to the
Department. J ames McCargar was FSO in Budapest (1946-47) and was also
the POND officer in Hungary at that time.
GROWER US Embassy, Vienna.
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Term Definition
GRREPAIR
GRCROOND / GRREPAIR (1952-62) sought to develop and strengthen the
Austrian paramilitary program so that this program could be activated at full
strength in the event of hostilities. The program included staybehind, evasion
and escape; guerrilla warfare and resistance; paramilitary training; and caching
of equipment. Egbert Hochhauser, Hans Tschurtscenthaler considered for
possible use on Project GRCROOND.
GRUELER G-2 US Forces Austria (G-2 USFA).
Gruenwaldt, Wilhelm
AECADILT-10, AEVIRGIL-109 (cryptonyms). Associated with
AECARRERA/AEVIRGIL Project.
GRUESOME Detachment 35 of G-2 US Forces Austria (Det 35 G-2 USFA).
GRUESOME 201
US Army's cryptonym for Karl Haas. Haas is Det 35 G-2 US Forces Austria's
(Det 35 G-2 USFA's) Source No. 201.
GRUNERT, Werner Gehlen Organization alias for Walter Geipel.
GULL OSS/SSU/CIG cryptonym for Victor Larionoff.
GUMDROP OSS/SSU cryptonym for Karl Suess.
Haas, Karl GRUESOME 201 (G-2 US Forces Austria's cryptonym for Haas).
HABEDANK, Hans Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Handrack.
Haderlein, Andreas
V-9112 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). ALBERT, Albert HALBACH, Arthur
HESSE, Albert RICHTER (Gehlen Organization aliases).
HAEHNERT Gehlen Organization alias for J ohannes Hossbach.
HAENDLER Gehlen Organization alias for Guenther Woest.
HAHN, Cleveland O. Pseudonym for Freds Launags.
HALBACH, Albert Gehlen Organization alias for Andreas Haderlein.
Handrack, Hans
V-11760 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Hans HABEDANK, Rolf
OSTERREICH (Gehlen Organization aliases).
Hantel, Otto CACUS-4 (cryptonym).
HARVARD
HARVARD (1951-65) was designed initially to provide safehouse and
operational aid facilities for CIA activities in Germany. In 1952, the HARVARD
mission was expanded to include the rehabilitation and resettlement of
defectors, agents, and agent-trainees.
HASSEL, Werner Gehlen Organization alias for Ernst Helfsgott.
HATHOR OSS/SSU cryptonym for Paul Dickopf.
Hazners, Vilis
AEKILO-2 (cryptonym). Associated with AEBALCONY,
AEFREEMAN/AEFLAG, AEMARSH Projects. See also Daugavas Vanagi.
HBCAPON CIA OSO Station (Karlsruhe).
HBCHEST Sweden.
HBDEBATE
HBDEBATE/J BLIMBERS refers to clandestine coordinating and planning
committee, SHAPE.
HBFINCH US Embassy.
HBGROPING West German Federal Government.
HBHATCH Latvia.
HBLAURITE West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
HBREBEL Russian Zone of Germany.
HBTROUT Canada.
Hebenstreit, Erno Karoly
XX-61 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his XX Net
(Hungarian Catholic Group living in West) in Austria).
Hehn, J uergen Von V-18526 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Heidschuch, Erich
V-2620 (Gehlen Organization V-Nymber). Eduard BERGMANN (Gehlen
Organization alias).
Heinz, Friedrich Wilhelm
CAPOTE (cryptonym). Associated with Amt Blank, the predecessor
organization of part of the West German Ministry of Defense.
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Term Definition
Helfsgott, Ernst
V-7041 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Werner HELLER, Willi HILLMANN,
Werner HASSEL (Gehlen Organization aliases).
HELLER OSS/SSU alias for Heinz Schmalschlager.
HELLER, Werner Gehlen Organization alias for Ernst Helfsgott.
Helms, Richard M.
Fletcher M. KNIGHT (pseudonym). Richard M. Helms was Director of Central
Intelligence (DCI) from 1966-73 and Deputy Director for Plans (DDP) from 1962-
65.
HEMERET, Lyman M. Pseudonym for Arturs Brombergs.
HENNE
Operation HENNE was a Gehlen Organization operation against the Hungarian
Trade Mission in Frankfurt. The Gehlen Organization used Helmut Triska in
this operation.
Hennyey, Gustav
Considered for possible use with National Committee for a Free Europe
(NCFE).
Herczeg, Karl Associated with Project DTPILLAR.
HERRING OSS/SSU alias for Kuno Wirsich.
HESSE, Arthur Gehlen Organization alias for Andreas Haderlein.
Heusinger, Adolf
Adolf HORN (Gehlen Organization alias). RNMELLATE (cryptonym when he
was Liaison Contact at the West German Ministry of Defense).
HH-1 Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for Anton Fellner.
HIAG
Hilfsgemeinschaft auf Gegenseitigkeit (HIAG), veterans organization of former
SS members.
HIAS Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS).
HIAWATHA Cryptonym for Herbert Von Strempel.
Hilger, Gustav
CALABEL-1 (cryptonym when he was Liaison Contact at the West German
Foreign Office). Stephen H. HOLCOMB, Arthur T. LATTER (pseudonyms).
Associated with Project AEFORD (formerly PBSTEAM).
Hillmann, Fritz CARCER-1 (cryptonym).
HILLMANN, Willi Gehlen Organization alias for Ernst Helfsgott.
Hirsemann, J ohannes CABATON-39 (cryptonym). Associated with Project CABATON.
HIWAY Cable indicator for Hungarian intelligence operations.
Hochhauser, Egbert Considered for possible use on Project GRCROOND.
HOEFNER, Ludwig Gehlen Organization alias for Ludwig Pfahls.
Hoeher, Wolfgang V-2996 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
HOFFMAN Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Clemens.
Hoffmann, Otto Paul BERGER, PAUL (Gehlen Organization aliases).
HOLCOMB, Stephen H. Pseudonym for Gustav Hilger.
HOLGERS Gehlen Organization alias for Walter Kurreck.
HOLM Gehlen Organization alias for Major General Horst Wendland.
HOLM, Guenther Gehlen Organization alias for Walter Otten.
HOPKALIT Polish Intelligence Service cryptonym for Kurt Billmaier.
Horak, Stephan PL-507 (cryptonym). Briefly attended ZRELOPE training program.
HORN, Adolf Gehlen Organization alias for Adolf Heusinger.
Horst, Cornelius Van Der
V-2951 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). CONNY (Gehlen Organization
alias).
Hossbach, J ohannes HAEHNERT (Gehlen Organization alias).
Hrinioch, Ivan
CAPARISON, CARTEL-1, AECASSOWARY-3, CASSOWARY-3,
QRDYNAMIC-3 (cryptonyms). Associated with Projects
BELLADONNA/TRIDENT, AERODYNAMIC (formerly CARTEL, ANDROGEN,
AECARTHAGE), QRDYNAMIC/QRPLUMB (formerly AEBEEHIVE).
HTCURIO American or US, not US Government.
HTENFORCE United Press.
HTEXOTIC Munich, Germany.
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Term Definition
HTFULFIL
Deutsche Soldaten Zeitung (DSZ), German Soldiers Newspaper. See
KMMANLY.
HTMANDOLA US Army Europe (USAEUR).
HTNEIGH
OBLIVIOUS (1949-55), formerly HTNEIGH and part of OBOPUS, provided
support to National Committee for Free Albania (NCFA) as CIA's overt vehicle
for political, psychological, paramilitary activities against Albania. Hasan Dosti
associated with OBLIVIOUS.
HTOUTRIG
HTOUTRIG Project was planned to be an Hungarian veterans' organization to
serve as a pool for prospective paramilitary and propaganda activities and
combat the fast-growing organization of the notorious General Zako, but Project
never became operational. Ferenc Koszorus named as Principal Agent on
Project.
HTOXIDE London.
ICEBERG
ICEBERG (1948-53) was Vienna Operations Base's staybehind program and
selected, trained, and placed W/T operators and other types of staybehind
agents in strategic locations in Eastern Austria to become active only after the
outbreak of hostilities and the loss of this area to hostile forces. Karl Geist
considered for possible use on Project.
ICEFALL-CRESTFALL Indicator for material sent from State Department to CIA.
Iglhaut, Hans Considered for possible use on Project KMMANLY.
INFISHY-2 Cryptonym for Francois Genoud.
INS
US Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). LNYUMA, ODURGE
(cryptonyms).
Iron Guard
The Rumanian Iron Guard (RIG) was an ultra-nationalist, anti-Semitic, fascist
movement and political party in Rumania from 1927 into the early part of WWII.
The Iron Guard, which collaborated with the Nazis and is well known for its
participation in the Holocaust, was responsible for terrorism and atrocities in
Rumania.
IVY
Plan IVY (1944-45) conducted by OSS, Italian Navy, and Committee of National
Liberation to prevent possible sabotage by Germans of industry in northern Italy
by setting up network of counterespionage cells. J unio Valerio Borghese
associated with Project.
J ACKBOX British Secret Intelligence Service.
J AGUAR British Intelligence Service (BIS).
J anelsins, Peteris AEMARSH-15 (cryptonym). Associated with Project AEMARSH.
J ansen, Erwin Franz URBANEK (Gehlen Organization alias).
J ANSONS Cryptonym for Vidvuds Sveics while working for the Swedes.
J anums, Vilis AECANOE-3 (cryptonym). Associated with Project TPTONIC.
J BCLOUD Latvia.
J BCREOLE Voice of America (VOA).
J BLIMBERS
HBDEBATE/J BLIMBERS refers to clandestine coordinating and planning
committee, SHAPE.
J BMINIMUM Psychological test.
J BPARSON
Albanian holding/training camp in West Germany associated with Project
BGFIEND.
J BRADDLE Equipment Wireless/transmission equipment.
J BTHRONG Gesellschaft Freies Europa (Society for a Free Europe).
J DC
American J ewish J oint Distribution Committee (commonly called the "J OINT" or
the J DC).
J G-2627 Cryptonym for Sergie Froehlich.
J G-2633 Cryptonym for Helmut Vogt.
J G-3534 Cryptonyms for Alarich Bross.
J G-3721 Cryptonym for Aleks Kurgvel.
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Term Definition
J G-4095 Cryptonym for Georg Kretzschmar.
J G-4796 Cryptonym for Walter Menke.
J G-5394 Cryptonym for Alfreds Riekstins.
J G-5397 Cryptonym for Edvins Ozolins.
J G-5809 Cryptonym for Michael Rudko.
J G-5817 Cryptonym for Lyubomir Ortinskiy.
J G-6024 Cryptonym for Karl J obke.
J G-6424 Cryptonym for Romulus Mandel.
J G-6628 Cryptonym for Christian Schwarting.
J G-6732 Cryptonym for Sven-Gunner Treuhoff.
J G-6734 Cryptonym for Hans Otto.
J G-7091 Cryptonym for Friedrich Carstenn.
J G-7300 Cryptonym for Heinz Debrassine.
J G-7653 Cryptonym for Eberhard Tellkamp.
J G-7749 Cryptonym for Helmut Kalich.
J G-8955 Cryptonym for Ulrich Gmelin.
J G-8970 Cryptonym for Viktor Ziegler.
J G-9633 Cryptonym for Wilhelm Classen.
J IGGER OSS cryptonym for Herbert Berthold-Bernard.
J K-44 OSS cryptonym for Sergio Mainetto.
J K-78 Cryptonym for Ugo Dadone.
J KLANCE Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
J obke, Karl J G-6024 (Cryptonym). Associated with LCPROWL Apparat Project.
J OINT
American J ewish J oint Distribution Committee (commonly called the "J OINT" or
the J DC).
J USTIZIN Gehlen Organization alias for Eberhard Non Nostitz.
Kabashi, Ahmet THROWOFF-2 (cryptonym). Associated with Project BGFIEND.
Kabashi, Shaqir
THROWOFF-4, THROTTLER-1, THUNDERCLAP-5, GADULL (cryptonyms).
Associated with Project BGFIEND.
KAEMMER, Fritz Gehlen Organization alias for Werner Finsterer.
KAHR, Fritz Gehlen Organization alias for Franz Karmasin.
Kainz, Walter
V-14801 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). KORN, Walter SCHADE (Gehlen
Organization alias). GREENSOAP-10 (cryptonym when he was Liaison
Contact at AMIS)
Kalich, Helmut J G-7749 (cryptonym). Associated with Project LCPROWL.
KALNINS, Herbert Alias for Herberts Zagars.
Kanayan, Drostamat
PELOPS (cryptonym). Associated with Project AIN concerning activities with
the Armenians during 1952-54.
KAPOK Cable indicator for document sensitivity.
Karmasin, Franz
V-16131 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Fritz KAHR, Fritz WUNDER
(Gehlen Organization aliases).
Kashuba, Ivan AECAVATINA-12, CAVATINA-12 (cryptonyms).
KATPOL
KATonai POLitikai Csoport (KATPOL) was the Intelligence Department of the
Hungarian Ministry of Defense, which later became VKF-II (Hungarian Military
Intelligence Service).
KAUFMANN, Franz Alias for Leopold Voller.
Kaya, Okinori POSONNET-1 (cryptonym).
Kayser-Eichberg, Ulrich Ulrich KIEL (Gehlen Organization alias). UJ DUCAT-4 (cryptonym).
Kedia, Michael V-11881 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
KELLER, Ernst Gehlen Organization alias for Eberhard Non Nostitz.
Kemritz, Hans SAVOY (cryptonym).
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Term Definition
KEYSTONE
KEYSTONE refers to a group of Germans with some from Foreign Armies East
and headed by Herman Baun immediately after the war. The KEYSTONE
group merged with the BOLERO group (headed by Reinhard Gehlen) to form
the Gehlen Organization with Gehlen as Chief.
KEYWAY CIA Europe Division.
KgU
Kampfgruppe gegen Unmenschlichkeit (KgU), or Fighting Group against
Inhumanity. CAJ ERSEY (cryptonym). See DTLINEN.
KIBITZ
KIBITZ was Karlsruhe Base's program to develop a staybehind net in Germany
(1949-53). Walter Kopp, Hans Rues, Eduard Woellner associated with Project.
Anton Dukavits worked in Walter Kopp's net.
KIBITZ-15 Cryptonym for Walter Kopp.
KIBITZ-16 Cryptonym for Hans Rues.
KIBITZ-17 Cryptonym for Eduard Woellner.
KIBITZ-201 Cryptonym for Anton Dukavits.
KIEL, Ulrich Gehlen Organization alias for Ulrich Kayser-Eichberg.
KILKENNY Cryptonym for Zsolt Aradi.
KIRCHNER, Peter Gehlen Organization alias for Heinz Anders.
Klaus, Bruno V-14802, formerly V-19331 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
KM-26 Cryptonym for Sergie Froehlich.
KM-64 Cryptonyms for Alarich Bross.
KMBALL CIA European Division personnel matters.
KMCASHIER Nippon Television Corporation. Matsutaro Shoriki associated with Project.
KMCOCKY US Army Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence.
KMHITHER-C
KMHITHER-C Project involved resistance and staybehind activities in West
Germany. Viktor Ziegler associated with Project.
KMJ UNKMAN US Air Force, Office of Special Investigations (USAF/OSI).
KMKIMONO Program for training agents.
KMMANLY
KMMANLY (1951-53) was originally designed to counter the actions of pacifist
and neutralist groups in West Germany who were opposed to ratification of the
contractual agreements. In practice KMMANLY sought to win support for the
European Defense Community (EDC) in areas of veterans' affairs and military
publishing. To achieve these aims, three publications were utilized under
KMMANLY -- Die Deutsche Soldaten Zeitung (The German Soldiers'
Newspaper, (DSZ)), Europaische Wehrkorrespondenz (European Defense
Newsletter, (EWK)), Wehr Wissenschaftliche Rundschau (Military Science
J ournal, (WWR)). In addition KMMANLY supported the Gesellschaft fuer
Wehrkunde (GfW), a military science study group composed of former high
ranking German Army officers. Wilhelm Classen (PA), Eberhard Von Nostitz,
Burghard Von Preussen, Felix Steiner associated with GfW part of Project.
J osef Berschneider, Hans Iglhaut, Werner Strecker considered for possible use
on KMMANLY.
KMPRUDE
Bund Deutsche J ugend (BDJ ) or League of German Youth, an organization in
Project LCPROWL.
KNIGHT, Fletcher M.
Pseudonym for Richard M. Helms, who was DCI from 1966-73 and DDP from
1962-65.
KNOBBY CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC).
Knoll, Kurt V-5450 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
KOBIRD CIA East Asia Division.
KOCH OSS/SSU cryptonym for Georgs Gaston Kulikovskis.
Kocins, Rudolf Considered for possible use on Project AEBLOSSOM.
Koenen, Hans STMURAL-1 (cryptonym).
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Term Definition
Koerner, Horst V-14125 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Kollenyi, Gyorgy V-14411, V-17562 (Gehlen Organization V-Numbers).
Kopjas
The Kopjas organization, organized by Andreas Zako in Hungary during WWII,
was a special anti-Soviet combat intelligence group under the auspices of the
SS and Arrow Cross whose mission was to infiltrate the Russian front to collect
information and commit acts of sabotage.
Kopp, Walter KIBITZ-15 (cryptonym). Associated with the KIBITZ staybehind program.
KORB Gehlen Organization alias for Edmund Krause.
KORF, Fritz Gehlen Organization alias for Karl J oseph Feist.
KORN Gehlen Organization alias for Walter Kainz.
KORTMANN Gehlen Organization alias for Siegfried Nickel.
Korzhan, Michael
AECAPELIN-1, AEBATH-1, AEDOGMA-1, CAPELIN-1, PETROCLUS
(cryptonyms). Associated with Projects BELLADONNA, AEDOGMA/AEBATH.
V-13611 (formerly V9460.9) (Gehlen Organization V-Numbers).
Koszorus, Ferenc Principal Agent on Project HTOUTRIG.
Kozma, Ferenc
PETER (Belgian cryptonym). VENUS (cryptonym). Associated with VENUS
Project.
Krassowsky, Werner
V-10721 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Werner MILLER (Gehlen
Organization alias).
Krause, Edmund KORB (Gehlen Organization alias).
Krause, Heinrich Otto Associated with Project DTLINEN.
KRAUSS, Dr. Gehlen Organization alias for Emil Augsburg.
Kretzschmar, Georg J G-4095 (cryptonym). Associated with Project DTBEYOND.
Krichbaum, Wilhelm V-8838 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). KRUG (Gehlen Organization alias).
Kroeger, Ernst V-15769 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Krombholz, Franz Associated with LCPROWL/Apparat Project.
KRUEGER Gehlen Organization alias for Friedrich Frank.
Krueger, Alfred Kurt DISTAFF-60 (cryptonym).
KRUG Gehlen Organization alias for Wilhelm Krichbaum.
Krull, Heinz Karl ZIGZAG (OSS cryptonym). CANCAN (OSS/SSU/CIG cryptonym).
KRUSE, Otto Gehlen Organization alias for Walter Lueth.
KUBARK Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
KUBASS CIA Directorate of Science and Technology (DS&T).
KUCAGE CIA Psychological and Paramilitary Operations Staff.
KUCHAP CIA Deputy Director for Intelligence (DDI).
KUCITY CIA Technical Services Division.
KUDESK CIA Counterintelligence Center.
Kudoke, Hans J oachim CADINGY (cryptonym).
KUDOVE CIA Deputy Director for Operations (DDO).
KUENAST
LfV, which were the Field Offices of the BfV (West German Office for the
Protection of the Constitution, Internal Security Service).
KUFIRE CIA Foreign Intelligence Staff.
KUGOWN CIA Psychological and Paramilitary Operations Staff.
Kuhara, Fusanosuke POSHARK (cryptonym).
KUHOOK CIA Paramilitary Operations Staff.
KUJ AZZ CIA Office of National Estimates.
KUJ UMP CIA Contact Division
KUKNOB CIA Office of Scientific Intelligence (OSI).
Kulikovskis, Georgs Gaston KOCH, CADRE (OSS/SSU cryptonyms).
KUMONK CIA Office of Political Analysis (OPA).
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Term Definition
Kurgvel, Aleks
J G-3721, AELUNG, AEPIONEER-6, AEJ AMMER-8 (cryptonyms). Mario K.
GIORDANO (pseudonym), Mr. A. CLAYTON (alias), Mr. W. CARLSON (alias).
Associated with Projects LCHOMELY, AEBASIN, AEACRE, AEPIONEER,
AEJ AMMER, AEREALITY, AEROOT, AETARGET, AESCREEN, TPMURILLO.
KURIOT CIA Technical Services Division (TSD).
Kurreck, Walter
V-7630 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). HOLGERS, Kurt WAGNER (Gehlen
Organization alias).
Kushel, Francis
CAMBISTA-10 (cryptonym). Associated with AEQUOR Project. See also
BNR.
KUSODA Center for CIA Security.
KUTUBE CIA Foreign Intelligence Staff.
KUTWIN Office of Strategic Services (OSS).
Kutzler, Heinrich CAUTERY-18 (cryptonym). Associated with CAUTERY Project.
KUWOLF CIA Political and Psychological Staff.
KUWRAP CIA Counterintelligence Center.
Kuznetsov, J osef TROY (OSS/SSU cryptonym).
LACERATOR Cryptonym for Ugo Dadone.
Laipenieks, Edgars AESIDECAR-2 (cryptonym). Associated with AEBALCONY Project.
LANDSEER-10 Cryptonym for Wilhelm Dietrich.
LANGE, Otmar Gehlen Organization alias for Otto Somann.
LAPSA Alias for J anis Presnikovs.
Larionoff, Victor CAMISOLE, GULL (OSS/SSU/CIG cryptonyms).
LARKSPUR OSS cryptonym for Sergio Mainetto.
LATTER, Arthur T. Pseudonym for Gustav Hilger.
Latvian Consultative Panel
Latvian Consultative Panel, which was renamed Latvian Freedom Committee of
the National Committee for a Free Europe (NCFE), was headed by Vilis
Hazners.
Latvian Freedom Committee
Latvian Consultative Panel, which was renamed Latvian Freedom Committee of
the National Committee for a Free Europe (NCFE), was headed by Vilis
Hazners.
Launags, Freds
CAMBARO-1, AECAMBARO-1, AEHAWKEYE-1 (cryptonyms). Cleveland O.
HAHN, Louis G. GOLTEDGE, Raymond S. CHURGIN (pseudonyms).
Associated with Projects AECOB, AEMARSH.
LAUNAIS, Philip E. Pseudonym for Constantine Mierlak.
LCCASSOCK
LCCASSOCK (1954-61) was a publishing and distribution company in West
Berlin that produced and covertly distributed propaganda material for East
Germans, providing them with Western-oriented information and harrassing,
embarrassing and exposing officials and policies of the East German regime.
Hans Lobbes, Karl Heinz Marbach (PA), Guenther Schmidt associated with
Project.
LCCASSOCK-1 Cryptonym for Karl Heinz Marbach.
LCCASSOCK-4 Cryptonym for Hans Lobbes.
LCDATA CIA Office of General Counsel (OGC).
LCFIREBOX Cryptonym for Scientific Detachment, 7955.
LCFLUTTER Polygraph test.
LCHARVEST
LCHARVEST (TPFAST, TPTERRY, VLVIGOR) involved operations against
Peoples Republic of China (PRC) scientists and efforts to monitor PRC state
technology.
LCHOMELY
LCHOMELY involved operations out of Germany into Estonia. Aleks Kurgvel
associated with Project.
LCIMPROVE Information concerning Soviet intelligence services worldwide.
LCLEMUR Vienna, Austria.
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Term Definition
LCLODE Cable indicator for communications.
LCPAGAN Tarantel news service in West Germany.
LCPROWL
LCPROWL Project (1950-53) in Germany involved anti-communist
psychological warfare, accomplished by the BDJ (Bund Deutsche J ugend or
League of German Youth) (KMPRUDE), and a staybehind organization that
would conduct paramilitary/sabotage activities (LCPROWL BDJ Apparat) in the
event of war. Alarich Bross, Friedrich Carstenn, Heinz Debrassine, Ulrich
Gmelin, Karl J obke, Franz Krombholz, Walter Menke, Hans Otto, Christian
Schwarting, Eberhard Tellkamp, Helmut Vogt, Willi Weinsberg associated with
Project.
League of German Youth
Bund Deutsche J ugend (BDJ ) or League of German Youth, an organization in
Project LCPROWL. KMPRUDE (cryptonym).
Lebed, Mykola
ANTLER, AECASSOWARY-2, CARTEL-2 CASSOWARY-2, QRDYNAMIC-2
(cryptonyms). Associated with Projects BELLADONNA/TRIDENT,
AERODYNAMIC (formerly CARTEL, ANDROGEN, AECARTHAGE),
QRDYNAMIC/QRPLUMB (formerly AEBEEHIVE).
Ledwinke, Karl V-14401 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Lehmann, Fredrich Otto CADUCITY (cryptonym).
LFSALAD Cryptonym for Tatsuo Aso.
LfV
LfV were the Field Offices of the BfV (West German Office for the Protection of
the Constitution, Internal Security Service). CAVATA, CAWHISPER,
CAZAMIA, KUENAST (cryptonyms).
LHDEN East Germany.
LHGRAB East German Intelligence Service.
Lienhard, Heinrich
V-2026 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Heinz ENGELHARDT, Heinz
DERNBURG (Gehlen Organization aliases).
LILAC Cryptonym for Erich Wender.
Lileikis, Alexandras
AECHAMP-7, AEMANNER-7 (cryptonyms). Associated with AECHAMP
Project.
LINCOLN Cryptonym for Helmut Casemir.
LINDE, Arturs Alias for Arturs Brombergs.
LINDEMANN, Peter Gehlen Organization alias for Ludwig Pfahls.
Linhart, Ferdinand
SS-5 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his SS Net (Socialist
Party Net) in Austria).
Lipping, Elmar AEBASIN-4 (cryptonym). Associated with Project AEBASIN.
LNBEET US Secret Service.
LNBRAN National Security Agency (NSA).
LNBUZZ US Government.
LNCAST US Air Force (USAF).
LNCOLLAR U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.
LNCUFF US Embassy, Legation, Consulate.
LNDROP US Department of Commerce.
LNEASE US Air Force, Office of Special Investigations (USAF/OSI).
LNERGO US Federal Bureau of Investigation.
LNFALL US Embassy, Legation, or Consulate.
LNFORT US Government.
LNGLUE US Army.
LNGOLD US Department of State.
LNHARP US Government.
LNLEVY US Department of the Air Force.
LNLOUP US Mission to the United Nations.
LNLUTE US Government.
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Term Definition
LNPACK US Air Force (USAF).
LNPURE US Embassy, Legation, or Consulate.
LNREAD US Army.
LNSHOE Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA).
LNSLED US Department of Defense (DoD).
LNTONE US Department of J ustice.
LNTUBA Cryptonym for US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).
LNTUCK US Department of Navy.
LNVENT US Department of Treasury.
LNWILT US Army Counterintelligence Corps (US Army CIC).
LNYATE US Information Communications Agency (ICA).
LNYUMA US Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS).
Lobbes, Hans
CAUTERY-1, LCCASSOCK-4 (cryptonyms). Associated with CAUTERY and
LCCASSOCK Projects.
LOHRMANN, Fritz Gehlen Organization alias for Fritz Gustav Erdmann.
Lopatinsky, Yury
ACROBAT, CAPARISON-3, CARTEL-3, CASSOWARY-4, AECASSOWARY-4,
QRDYNAMIC-4 (cryptonyms). Associated with Projects
BELLADONNA/TRIDENT, AERODYNAMIC (formerly CARTEL, ANDROGEN,
AECARTHAGE), and QRDYNAMIC/QRPLUMB (formerly AEBEEHIVE).
Lottum, Andreas
CAUTERY-8 (cryptonym). Paul BRUCKNER (alias). Associated with
CAUTERY Project.
LOVETSKY, Boris Pseudonym for Nikolajs Balodis.
Ludtke, Wilhelm
CAUTERY-4, BESMIRCH-2, BECRIPPLE-2 (cryptonyms). Associated with
Projects CAUTERY, BECRIPPLE, BESMIRCH.
Lueth, Walter
V-9245 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Otto KRUSE (Gehlen Organization
alias).
LWCATCH Crytonynm for the 1985 search for J osef Mengele.
MABUSE, Dr. Gehlen Organization alias for J oseph Schreieder.
Maeda, Minoru Considered for possible use on Project DTPILLAR.
Mailat, Vasile V-15050 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). URSU (Gehlen Organization alias).
Mainetto, Sergio
DEVILFISH, LARKSPUR, J K-44 (OSS cryptonyms). Associated with Plan
CIRCLE. See also ONARMO.
MAIR Gehlen Organization alias for Hermann Bickler.
Makowski, Ernst V-615 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
MALAMENT, Henry R. Alias for Hasan Dosti.
MALT OSS/SSU cryptonym for Heinz Schmalschlager.
Mandel, Romulus
AEROOT-7, J G-6424, PL-535 (cryptonyms). Associated with Project
AEROOT.
Mannil, Harry WKORANGE-62 (cryptonym).
Marbach, Karl Heinz
CADRIER, LCCASSOCK-1 (cryptonyms). Associated with Project
LCCASSOCK.
Margarit, J on TRAJ AN, UJ DRIFTER (cryptonyms).
Mast, Heinrich Von V-5300 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Matviyeyko, Myron CAPANEUS (cryptonym). Associated with BELLADONNA/TRIDENT Projects.
McCargar, J ames
Kenneth H. CALLENDER (pseudonym). Associated with the POND (1946-47)
and FJ MACHINE (1955-58).
Mehnert, Walter AEABYSS-1 (cryptonym). Associated with AEABYSS Project.
Mellenthin, Elfina CAUTERY-10 (cryptonym). Associated with Project CAUTERY.
Mellenthin, Walter CAUTERY-3 (cryptonym). Associated with Project CAUTERY.
MEMACE Cryptonym for Ivan Docheff.
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Term Definition
Mende, Gerhard Von CAPRIFORM (cryptonym). See also Oestministerium.
Mengele, J osef LWCATCH (cryptonym for 1985 search for J osef Mengele).
Menke, Walter J G-4796 (cryptonym). Associated with LCPROWL Apparat.
Merk, Kurt
V-12041 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Walter PETERSON (Gehlen
Organization alias).
Metzner, Alfred V-23411 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Meyer, Georg
CANNONADE, CLIP (OSS/SSU cryptonyms). Associated with SYBILLE
Project.
MfS East German Ministry of State Security.
MHABYSS Narcotics.
MHBK
Magyar Harcosok Bajtarsi Kozossege (MHBK), the League of Hungarian
Veterans, was organized by Andreas Zako after WWII as a right-wing veterans
group formed from the fascist elements of the Kopjas organization and with
networks throughout Europe and the Americas. The MHBK had five branches
in Austria alone and worked closely with French intelligence, which financed its
efforts to gather intelligence in Hungary.
MHBRUSH West German Federal Government.
MHHARSH Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
MHNYMPH Soviet Subversive Activities in Europe.
MHORDER
Activities of hostile intelligence services against the US Government and other
governments.
MHSPAWN Cable indicator for covert action propaganda.
Mierlak, Constantine
AEPRIMER-1, AEREADY-2 (cryptonyms). Philip E. LAUNAIS (pseudonym).
Donald R. WAKILD (alias). Associated with Projects AEPRIMER and
AEREADY.
MIGSCH, Hans Hermann Gehlen Organization alias for Arwed Flegel.
MILLER, Werner Gehlen Organization alias for Werner Krassowsky.
MINSKY, Simeon Pseudonym for Boris Ragula.
MKNOVA Technical Services unit in Frankfurt.
MKTOPAZ CIA Technical Services Division (TSD).
MONOGRAM
Fall MONOGRAM is the German cryptonym for double agent case involving
Hans Erich Schoebel against the Czechs.
Montjoye-Vaufrey, Hugo
EE-1 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his EE Net (Catholic
Church Connections) in Austria.
Moritz, Kurt V-3080 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Mueller, Carl Heinz CAISSON-19 (cryptonym).
Mueller, Franz
V-1721 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). NETTKE (Gehlen Organization
alias).
Mueller, J osef ROBOT (OSS/SSU cryptonym).
NADELWALD
NADELWALD/UJ KEVEL refers to the SATURN Program's West German
escape and evasion teams. J osef Stigler associated with UJ KEVEL Project.
NCFA
National Committee for Free Albania (NCFA). OBLIVIOUS (cryptonym).
Hasan Dosti was President of NCFA (1949-54).
NCFE
National Committee for a Free Europe (NCFE). TPTONIC, QKIVORY
(cryptonyms). Vilis Hazners was associated with the Latvian Consultative
Panel, which was renamed Latvian Freedom Committee of the NCFE. Gustav
Hennyey considered for possible use with NCFE.
Nebel, Ludwig OSTRICH (OSS and British cryptonym).
NETTKE Gehlen Organization alias for Franz Mueller.
Neugebauer, Erich CABATON-165 (cryptonym). Associated with CABATON Project.
NFIB National Foreign Intelligence Board (NFIB). ODAGOG (cryptonym).
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Term Definition
Nickel, Siegfried
V-7048 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). KORTMANN (Gehlen Organization
alias).
NIETSCH Gehlen Organization alias for Arwed Flegel.
Niznansky, Ladislav Associated with the Czech desk of Radio Free Europe (RFE).
NOLTE, Erich Gehlen Organization alias for Eberhard Non Nostitz.
Nostitz, Eberhard Von
V-12899 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Ernst KELLER, Erich NOLTE,
J USTIZIN (Gehlen Organization aliases). Associated with GfW part of Project
KMMANLY and with the BND's STORCH staybehind program.
NOSTRIL Cryptonym for Tscherim Soobzokov.
NSA National Security Agency (NSA). LNBRAN, ODINCH (cryptonyms).
NTS
National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (Narodno Trudovoi Soyuz (NTS))
reportedly was founded in the 1930s by Russian emigres with extreme rightest
and anti-Semitic views and collaborated closely with the Nazis in Russia,
providing local administrators, propagandists, and informants. The NTS rebuilt
itself on purely anti-Communist grounds in 1945. After the war, the NTS has its
own newspaper "Possev." CABOCHE-1, PDGIDEON, SHUBA 100
(cryptonyms for NTS). See AESAURUS, QKDROOP.
NVABROAD US Department of State.
NVBLAZON US Government.
NVCANOPY US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
NVENGRAM US Embassy, Legation, or Consulate.
NVGIFT US Department of State.
NVGROUP US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
NVIDEA US Department of State.
NVTERRACE US Embassy.
NWBOLTON Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
OBDURATE
OBDURATE (formerly OBSTACLE, Plan CHARITY) (1954-56), incorporated
into OBLONG in 1956, exploited the intelligence potential of a significant
Albanian migr group in Rome (Balli Kombetar). Xhaver Deva associated with
Project.
OBHUNT
Infiltration missions into Albania via airdrops or overland to organize
underground resistance, establish safe houses, collect operational intelligence,
and to spread propaganda. These missions were associated with Project
BGFIEND.
OBLIVIOUS
OBLIVIOUS (1949-55), formerly HTNEIGH and part of OBOPUS/BGFIEND,
provided support to National Committee for Free Albania (NCFA) as CIA's overt
vehicle for political, psychological, paramilitary activities against Albania.
Hasan Dosti associated with OBLIVIOUS.
OBLONG
OBDURATE (formerly OBSTACLE, Plan CHARITY) (1954-56), incorporated
into OBLONG in 1956, exploited the intelligence potential of a significant
Albanian migr group in Rome (Balli Kombetar). Xhaver Deva associated with
Project.
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Term Definition
OBOPUS
OBOPUS (formerly BGFIEND) (1949-58) was initially a joint US-British covert
action program designed to overthrow the Soviet dominated regime of Enver
Hoxha in Albania and evolved into establishing and exploiting National
Committee for Free Albania (NCFA), propaganda media, infiltration agents, and
economic warfare. VALUABLE was the British Albanian plan. The file includes
Country Plan for Albania (V. 1); Project Outline, Reviews, Termination (V. 2);
OBLIVIOUS: NCFA (V. 3); BGFIEND/J BPARSON: Albanian Holding/Training
Camp W. Germany (V. 4); BGFIEND RED Team (V. 5); BGFIEND APPLE
Team (V. 6); BGFIEND WILLOW Team (V. 7); BGFIEND-VALUABLE Leaflet
Drops (V. 8); OBTUSE: Propaganda Campaign (V. 9); OBTEST: Clandestine
Radio Broadcasts (V. 10); OBHUNT & OBSIDIOUS: Infiltration Missions (V.
11); BGSPEED: Vessel for Offshore Propaganda Missions (V. 12); BGFIEND
Operations (V. 13-30); Photographs (V. 31). Hasan Dosti associated with
OBLIVIOUS (part of OBOPUS). Xhaver Deva Principal Agent (PA) on
BGFIEND. Destan Berisha, Ahmet Kabashi, Shaqir Kabashi associated with
BGFIEND.
OBSIDIOUS
Infiltration missions into Albania via airdrops or overland to organize
underground resistance, establish safe houses, collect operational intelligence,
and to spread propaganda. These missions were associated with Project
BGFIEND.
OBSTACLE
OBDURATE (formerly OBSTACLE, Plan CHARITY) (1954-56), incorporated
into OBLONG in 1956, exploited the intelligence potential of a significant
Albanian migr group in Rome (Balli Kombetar). Xhaver Deva associated with
Project.
OBTEST
Clandestine radio broadcasts into Albania and associated with Project
BGFIEND.
OBTUSE
Propaganda campaign against Albania, which included distribution of leaflets,
printed matter, and a small quantity of consumer goods via overflights and a
limited mail campaign. This propaganda campaign was associated with Project
BGFIEND.
ODACID US Department of State.
ODAGOG National Foreign Intelligence Board (NFIB).
ODAPSE US National Security Council.
ODAXLE US Department of Energy.
ODEARL US Department of Defense.
ODENVY US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
ODEUM Gehlen Organization.
ODIBEX US Army.
ODINCH National Security Agency (NSA).
ODOATH US Department of Navy.
ODOPAL US Army Counterintelligence Corps.
ODUNIT US Air Force.
ODURGE US Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS).
ODWIFE US Agency for International Development.
ODYOKE US Government.
Oebsger-Roeder, Rudolf
V-11728 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). RANKE, ROPP (Gehlen
Organization aliases).
Oestministerium
Oestministerium was the German Ministry for the Eastern Occupied Territories,
headed by Alfred Rosenberg and collaborated with the SS beginning 1943.
During WWII, Gerhard Von Mende and Stanislaw Stankiewicz associated with
the Oestministerium.
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Term Definition
Offczarek, Emmerich
V-7500 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Dr. Emmerich SCHAEFFER, Dr.
Oskar ECKERT, DOKTOR, Dr. SCHREITER (Gehlen Organization aliases).
OFFSPRING Gehlen Organization.
Ogata, Taketora POCAPON (cryptonym).
OGIVE CIA Office of Special Operations (OSO).
Ohlbrecht, Helmut V-2616 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
OKOLO, Herberts Pseudonym for Edvins Ozolins.
Olbrueck, Erich
V-7902 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Heinrich ALLMANN, Erich PONS
(Gehlen Organization aliases).
ONARMO
ONARMO (Opera Nazionale Assistionza Religiosa Morale Operai) was an
organization in Rome that sponsored illegal immigration to Spain and South
America. The Rome Office of the International Red Cross was staffed with a
large number of German sympathizers who were facilitating the immmigration
of Germans to South America. ONARMO also appeared to have the blessing
of the Vatican. Sergio Mainetto was recruited by US Army CIC to penetrate
ONARMO. This operation (Plan CIRCLE) was directed by the US Army CIC
during 1946-48. CIA was given access to the information obtained in this
operation.
OPTIC Schematic diagrams of BND agent nets.
ORDWAY, William F. Pseudonym for General Charles P. Cabell when he was DDCI.
Ortinskiy, Lyubomir
AECASSOWARY-27, CASSOWARY-27, J G-5817, PL-497 (cryptonyms).
Associated with Projects BOULDER, AERODYNAMIC, and QRDYNAMIC.
OSI
US Air Force, Office of Special Investigations (USAF/OSI). LNEASE
(cryptonym).
OSKARS Alias for Arturs Stankevics.
OSS
Office of Strategic Services (OSS). KUTWIN, WOHIVE, ZACAMBRIC
(cryptonyms). Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and its predecessor
organizations are Coordinator of Information (COI), 11 J ul. 1941 - 12 J un. 1942;
Office of Strategic Services (OSS), 13 J un. 1942 - 1 Oct. 1945; Strategic
Services Unit (SSU), 27 Sep. 1945 - 19 Oct. 1946; Central Intelligence Group
(CIG), 22 J an. 1946 - 18 Sep. 1947; and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 25
Sep. 1947.
OSTERREICH, Rolf Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Handrack.
OSTRICH OSS and British cryptonym for Ludwig Nebel.
Ostrowsky, Radislaw AETOMAC-2 (cryptonym). See also BZR/BCR.
Otten, Walter
V-2837 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Guenther HOLM (Gehlen
Organization alias).
Otto, Hans J G-6734 (cryptonym). Associated with LCPROWL Apparat Project.
OUN
Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN). AECAVATINA, CAVATINA
(cryptonyms). The OUN, which was formed before WWII to achieve an
independent Ukrainian state, accepted violence as a political tool against
enemies of its cause and was in the business of assassination and terror. After
the invasion of Poland (1939), the OUN collaborated with Germany against the
Poles and, later, against the Soviet Union. In 1940, the OUN divided into two
competing factions -- the larger faction OUN-B (headed by Stefan Bandera)
and the smaller faction OUN-M (headed by Andre Melnik). Both OUN factions
created their own special forces units, named "Rolland" and "Nachtigall."
OUN-B
Bandera faction of Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN-B).
AECAVATINA-6, CAVATINA-6 (cryptonyms).
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Term Definition
Ozolins, Edvins
AECAMUSO-2, CAMUSO-2, J G-5397, TIBETAN-6 (cryptonyms). Herberts
OKOLO (pseudonym). Associated with Projects AECOB/ZRLYNCH, CA-
LAND.
Ozolins, J anis AECOB-8 (cryptonym). Associated with Project AECOB.
Ozols, J anis Considered for possible use on AECOB Project.
Pankevich, Miron FIDO (OSS/SSU cryptonym).
Pannwitz, Heinz CARETINA (cryptonym). TEJ A (BND cryptonym).
PANOPTIKUM
Fall PANOPTIKUM is the cryptonym for the German double agent case
involving Friederich Busch against the KGB.
Panzinger, Friedrich
V-1150 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Heinz PAULSEN (Gehlen
Organization alias). UJ NUTLET (CIA cryptonym during the time the Germans
ran him as a double agent against the Soviets).
Papanace, Constantine DEPTHLESS-4, UJ DRUID (cryptonyms).
PAPERCLIP DoD project that brought German and Austrian scientists to the U.S. after WWII
Parilli, Luigi ROHR (Gehlen Organization alias).
PARKER Gehlen Organization alias for Ernst Worm.
PASTIME
PASTIME (1948-52) was Berlin Base's staybehind program, including trained
W/T operators, agents, cutouts, and informants prepared for activation in the
event of hostilities. PASTIME used some of the same people as the KIBITZ
staybehind program.
PAUL Gehlen Organization alias for Otto Hoffmann.
PAULSEN, Heinz Gehlen Organization alias for Friedrich Panzinger.
PAX, Frank Gehlen Organization alias for Willy Heinrich Friede.
PBAFFIRM
Cryptonym for the American Committee for the Liberation of the Peoples of
Russia (AMCOMLIB), which is a part of Project QKACTIVE.
PBBAND Cable indicator for CIA Office of Current Intelligence (OCI) material.
PBBLOOM Der Telegraf, a major West German daily newspaper.
PBCHORD
Cryptonym for the Munich Office of the American Committee for the Liberation
of Peoples of Russia (AMCOMLIB), which is a part of Project QKACTIVE.
PBCHUTE Lithuania.
PBPRIME United States.
PBRAMPART
G-2 US Army Europe (G-2 USAREUR) plan for staybehind in former American
zone.
PBSTEAM
PBSTEAM (formerly EUCHRE, later AEFORD) (1948-50) provided the
services, experience, and backgound of a Russian specialist, Gustav Hilger, for
not only CIA but also other U.S. Government agencies.
PBSWING US Embassy, Legation, or Consulate.
PDGIDEON
Cryptonym for National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (Narodno Trudovoi
Soyuz (NTS)), which reportedly was founded in the 1930s by Russian emigres
with extreme rightest and anti-Semitic views and collaborated closely with the
Nazis in Russia, providing local administrators, propagandists, and informants.
The NTS rebuilt itself on purely anti-Communist grounds in 1945. After the war,
the NTS has its own newspaper "Possev." See AESAURUS, QKDROOP.
PELOPS Cryptonym for Drostamat Kanayan.
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Term Definition
PEP
The United States Escapee Program (USEP) or President's Escapee Program
(PEP) was established in 1952 to assist escapees from the Soviet Bloc
(nationals from Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Albania, Bulgaria, the Baltic
States, or the USSR) fleeing from persecution and despair to countries of
asylum in Europe. The Department of State, Foreign Operations
Administration, had the responsibility of implementing this program, which
assisted the escapees to get settled in the western world.
PEPPERMILL
CIA cryptonym for German double agent case involving Hans Erich Schoebel
against the Czechs.
Perkonkrusts
Perkonkrusts (Thundercross or Swastika League) was a radical nationalist
movement in Latvia that was not only anti-Semitic, but their racial attitudes
were all inclusive toward any Latvian minority.
PETER Belgian cryptonym for Ferenc Kozma.
PETERIS Alias for ILmars Rupners.
PETERSON, Walter Gehlen Organization alias for Kurt Merk.
PETROCLUS Cryptonym for Michael Korzhan.
Pfahls, Ludwig
V-7915 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Ludwig PILZ, Ludwig HOEFNER,
Peter LINDEMANN (Gehlen Organization aliases).
Pfaundler, Wolfgand Von
CC-13 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his CC Net in
Austria).
Pidhainy, Bohdan AECAVATINA-5, CAVATINA-5 (cryptonyms).
PIER, Arthur Alias for Asher Ben-Nathan.
PILZ, Ludwig Gehlen Organization alias for Ludwig Pfahls.
PIPELINE Defector Project.
PIRL Positive Intelligence Recruitment Lead (PIRL).
PL-489 Cryptonym for Michael Rudko.
PL-497 Cryptonym for Lyubomir Ortinskiy.
PL-507 Cryptonym for Stephan Horak.
PL-535 Cryptonym for Romulus Mandel.
PNEXCEL Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
PNINFINITE Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
PNJ EWEL Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
PNORACLE CIA Directorate of Intelligence.
PNPEAK Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
PNRADIUS Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
PNREADY Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
PNVALUE Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
PNWORLD Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
POAIM-12 Cryptonym for Tsunezo Wachi.
POBULK Yomiuri newspaper, J apan.
POCAPON Cryptonym for Taketora Ogata.
PODALTON Free J apan Broadcast Productions.
PODAM Cryptonym for Matsutaro Shoriki.
PODAUB National Police Agency, J apan.
PODIVA CIA Station.
POJ ACKPOT-1 Cryptonym for Matsutaro Shoriki.
POLESTAR-5 Cryptonym for Eiichi Tatsumi.
POLUNATE Cabinet Research Chamber (CRC) of the J apanese Government.
Polygraph Test CARRIAGE, LCFLUTTER, and SGSWIRL (cryptonyms).
POMONA Cryptonym for Kurt Reichert.
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Term Definition
POND
GROUNDHOG was cryptonym for the POND organization headed by J ohn V.
Grombach. The POND, a codename at State Department for an intelligence
operation founded in WWII, was conducted jointly by the War and State
Departments. One Foreign Service Officer (FSO) in each US Embassy (in the
countries covered by the POND) was the POND officer and was provided with
secret funds under his control and secret communications direct to the
Department. J ames McCargar was FSO in Budapest (1946-47) and was also
the POND officer in Hungary at that time.
Ponger-Verber Espionage Case
TOPHOLE (cryptonym). Kurt Ponger, a U.S. Army officer during WWII,
interrogated war crimes suspects and witnesses at Nuremberg after the war. In
1949, he was recruited by Soviets and he recruited Otto Verber, who was also
a U.S. Army officer during WWII. In 1953, Ponger and Verber were arrested by
U.S. military authorities and convicted of espionage.
PONS, Erich Gehlen Organization alias for Erich Olbrueck.
POPOV, Anton Alias for Destan Berisha.
Popov, Lt. Col. Petr S. CIA penetration of the GRU in East Germany.
Poppe, Nikolai Professor Karl BERGSTROM (pseudonym).
POSHARK Cryptonym for Fusanosuke Kuhara.
POSONNET-1 Cryptonym for Okinori Kaya.
Possev
Newspaper published by NTS (National Alliance of Russian Solidarists) after
the war.
PP-5
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for J ohann Angerer as a member of his PP
Net (Austrian Police and a counterintelligence network) in Austria.
PREGNANT Cryptonym for NKVD Captain FNU Skurin.
President's Escapee Program (PEP)
The United States Escapee Program (USEP) or President's Escapee Program
(PEP) was established in 1952 to assist escapees from the Soviet Bloc
(nationals from Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Albania, Bulgaria, the Baltic
States, or the USSR) fleeing from persecution and despair to countries of
asylum in Europe. The Department of State, Foreign Operations
Administration, had the responsibility of implementing this program, which
assisted the escapees to get settled in the western world.
Presnikovs, J anis AECOB-6 (cryptonym). LAPSA (alias). Associated with Project AECOB.
Pretzell, Ernst Albert RUHLAND (Gehlen Organization alias).
Preussen, Burghard Von Associated with GfW part of Project KMMANLY.
Probst, Otto
SS-3 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his SS Net (Socialist
Party Net) in Austria).
PRUNE OSS/SSU cryptonym for Sergie Froelich.
Puchta, Adolf
V-3015 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Alfred BAUER (Gehlen Organization
alias).
Purwin, Hildegard Hildegard Purwin, widowed Blum, divorced Beetz, nee Burkhardt.
QAFEAT Cryptonym for West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
QKACTIVE
QKACTIVE (1951-71), operating through a proprietary cover organization
(American Committee for the Liberation of the People of the USSR
(AMCOMLIB) (PBAFFIRM)), sought to conduct overt anti-Soviet activities to
weaken the Soviet regime and thereby reduce its threat to world security
through radio broadcasts (Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty), the Institute
for the Study of the USSR (BGCALLUS) Chaired by Stanislaw Stankiewicz, and
published articles and books. Karl Toennies considered for possible use on
Project QKACTIVE. See also PBCHORD.
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Term Definition
QKBROIL
QKBROIL (1951-54), which was superceded by Project SHELLFIRE in 1954,
was a program to encourage the Rumanian people to resist communism; to
establish a clandestine underground in Rumania to hamper Soviet/satellite
military operations and to serve as a nucleus for wartime resistance; to
undermine the political, economic, and military structure of communist
Rumania; to develop a National Committee for a Free Europe (NCFE) Political
Center (Rumanian National Refugee Organization) as cover for overt activities
and a covert operational support arm for OPC operations. Nicolae Radescu
associated with Project.
QKCIGAR US Government.
QKCOAST Baltic States.
QKDEMON
QKDEMON (formerly UMPIRE, EDUCATOR) (1949-50) was a psychological
warfare project and provided the production and dissemination of covert
propaganda against the Soviet Union and its satellites using radio broadcasts
and printed material. Hildegard Beetz associated with Project.
QKDROOP
QKDROOP (1950-52) provided funds, material support, and operational
guidance to the National Alliance of Solidarists (NTS or Natsionalny Trudovoi
Soyuz), an anti-Soviet emigre organization which was actively engaged in
clandestine activities against the Soviet regime and Soviet occupation forces in
Germany and Austria During WWII, the NTS was a Nazi-related propaganda
organization. See also AESAURUS/AENOBLE.
QKELUSION West German Social Democratic Party (SPD).
QKFEARFUL
CADROIT (formerly TPEMBER) (1949-55) subsidized and guided the
Investigative Committee of Free J urists (Untersuchungsausschuss freiheitlicher
J uristen (UfJ )), which developed from one person as the head of a notional
committee in West Berlin to an active organization with a West Berlin
Headquarters staff of 75 and about 2,000 East German covert contacts, many
from the legal profession and/or East German government. The UfJ , with CIA
assistance, conducted extensive propaganda campaigns in East Germany,
based mainly on information from East German informants, to expose illegal
actions, breaches of justice, and acts of inhumanity committed and tolerated by
authorities in East Germany. An outgrowth of the UfJ -sponsored International
Congress of J urists in Berlin (1952) was the establishment of the International
Commission of J urists in The Hague, which was supported by CIA under
Project QKFEARFUL. CADROIT also included CADROWN (1952-55), a
paramilitary organization established in East Germany for wartime use. Helmut
Casemir associated with Project CADROIT.
QKFENCE LCPROWL Project Team at Station in Germany.
QKFLOWAGE US Information Communications Agency (ICA).
QKIVORY
TPTONIC (formerly QKIVORY) refers to National Committee for a Free Europe
(NCFE) and its subcommittees. Vilis J anums associated with TPTONIC.
QKJ OLLIER US Army Military Intelligence Division.
QKNAGNAG
Deutsche Soldaten Zeitung (DSZ), German Soldiers Newspaper. See
KMMANLY.
QKSNITCH
QKSNITCH (Gesellschaft fuer Wehrkunde (GfW)) under Project KMMANLY
was a study group of former high ranking German Army officers that was
created by OPC in 1952 and terminated in 1953. Wilhelm Classen, Eberhard
Von Nostitz, Burghard Von Preussen, Felix Steiner associated with Project.
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Term Definition
QKSTAIR
BGCONVOY (formerly QKSTAIR) (1950-55) was the basic political and
psychological (PP) and paramilitary (PM) program against Bulgaria with the
objective of conducting psychological warfare (PW) operations against the
Bulgarian regime and establishing in the country resistance organizations
capable of PM activity of various types. BGCONVOY also provided for the
development and exploitation of the Principal Agent, Ivan Docheff, who was
leader of the Bulgarian National Front, and the newspaper published by the
group.
QRDYNAMIC
QRDYNAMIC/QRPLUMB (formerly AEBEEHIVE) (1970-91) superceded
Project AERODYNAMIC and supported the Ukrainian migr organization ZP /
UHVR (Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council) with a New York publishing arm
called Prolog Research Corporation (QRTENURE, AETENURE) and a Munich
Office, Ukrainian Society for Foreign Studies (QRTERRACE, AETERRACE),
publisher of the monthly journal Suchasnist. CIA terminated QRPLUMB after
the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1991 and provided funds to enable Prolog to
transition to a privately-funded company. In 1992, Prolog's monthly Ukrainian
journal Suchasnist (Contemporary Times) was successfully transitioned to a
publishing company in Kiev, Ukraine and thereafter was published as a
collaborative effort between Prolog and a Ukrainian group in Kiev. Ivan
Hrinioch, Mykola Lebed, Yury Lopatinsky, Lyubomir Ortinskiy associated with
Project.
QRDYNAMIC-1
Cryptonym for Ukrainian migr organization, ZP/UHVR, Foreign
Representation of the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council.
QRDYNAMIC-2 Cryptonym for Mykola Lebed.
QRDYNAMIC-3 Cryptonym for Ivan Hrinioch.
QRPLUMB
QRDYNAMIC/QRPLUMB (formerly AEBEEHIVE) (1970-91) superceded
Project AERODYNAMIC and supported the Ukrainian migr organization ZP /
UHVR (Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council) with a New York publishing arm
called Prolog Research Corporation (QRTENURE, AETENURE) and a Munich
Office, Ukrainian Society for Foreign Studies (QRTERRACE, AETERRACE),
publisher of the monthly journal Suchasnist. CIA terminated QRPLUMB after
the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1991 and provided funds to enable Prolog to
transition to a privately-funded company. In 1992, Prolog's monthly Ukrainian
journal Suchasnist (Contemporary Times) was successfully transitioned to a
publishing company in Kiev, Ukraine and thereafter was published as a
collaborative effort between Prolog and a Ukrainian group in Kiev. Ivan
Hrinioch, Mykola Lebed, Yury Lopatinsky, Lyubomir Ortinskiy associated with
Project.
QRTENURE
Prolog Research Corporation, the New York publishing arm of Project
QRPLUMB.
QRTERRACE
Ukrainian Society for Foreign Studies, which was the Munich office of
QRPLUMB and published the monthly journal Suchasnist.
Rademacher, Franz Fiol Bartolome ROSELLO (alias).
Radescu, Nicolae Associated with Project QKBROIL.
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Term Definition
RADIO Operation
AESAURUS / AENOBLE (initially AEROSOL, renamed AEGIDEON /
AENOBLE in 1958) operation (1950-61) maintained communications with
agents of the National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (Narodno Trudovoi Soyuz
or NTS (CABOCHE-1, PDGIDEON, SHUBA-100)). NTS was founded in 1930s
by Russian emigres with extreme rightest and anti-Semitic views and
collaborated closely with the Nazis in Russia, providing local administrators,
propagandists, and informants. NTS rebuilt itself in 1945 as an anti-Soviet
migr organization inside the USSR and with its own newspaper "Possev."
This project sought the development and exploitation of NTS agents as long-
term hot war assets and as sources of operational positive and psychological
intelligence. The Project included Operation CARCASS, training/dispatch into
USSR of agents to organize resistance groups and collect FI; Operation SPAIN
to establish NTS groups in US zone/Germany and Austria against Soviet
occupation forces through propaganda, defection, resistance, and collecting FI;
Operation RADIO to establish a mobile covert radio operated by NTS for
propaganda into East Zone. See also QKDROOP.
RADISH Cryptonym for Leonid Tschoudnowsky.
Ragula, Major Boris
AECAMBISTA-2, CAMBISTA-2 (cryptonyms). Simeon MINSKY (pseudonym).
BNR's Operations Chief and BNR's interim delegate to AMCOMLIB.
Associated with Project AEQUOR.
Ranica
Ranica (The Morning) was a pro-Nazi Byelorussian newspaper sponsored by
the Oestministerium (German Ministry for the Eastern Occupied Territories).
During 1944-45, Stanislaw Stankiewicz was editor of Ranica.
RANKE Gehlen Organization alias for Rudolf Oebsger-Roeder.
Rastikis, Stasys
AEPOLE-5 (cryptonym). Everett M. GHORMLEY (pseudonym). Associated
with Project AEPOLE.
Rauch, Fritz
V-58 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Fritz ROEMER (Gehlen Organization
alias).
REDBIRD
Operations involving the illegal return of defectors and emigres to USSR as
agents.
REDBLOCK CIA Soviet Division.
REDCAP
REDCAP (1951-65) was the planned collection of information on Soviet
personnel stationed abroad for the purpose of operational exploitation, including
defection inducement. Sergie Shebalin associated with Project.
REDCOAT CIA Soviet Division.
REDLEG CIA Soviet Division.
REDSKIN
Operations involving legal methods of placing, recruiting, and communicating
with agents within the USSR.
REDSOX
Operations involving the illegal return of defectors and emigres to USSR as
agents.
REDTOP CIA Soviet Division.
REDWOOD Action indicator for information for CIA Soviet Division.
REG
Returnee Exploitation Group (REG), the reception, exploitation, and
resettlement of German and Austrian scientists and technicians who have
returned from work in the USSR. TPENTITLE (cryptonym).
Regen, Erwin CAISSON-10 (cryptonym).
Reichert, Kurt CALESA-1, POMONA (OSS/SSU cryptonyms).
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Term Definition
Reihle, Oskar
UJ DRYROT (cryptonym for Oskar Reihle during the time that Heinz Felfe and
Hans Clemens (both arrested for espionage in 1961) were under investigation
as alleged KGB penetrations of Gehlen/BND. Reihle was associated with Felfe
and Clemens). RISCHKE (Gehlen Organization alias).
Reiser, Heinrich J osef V-2629 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Reiss, Arthur Arthur REITER (Gehlen Organization alias).
REITER, Arthur Gehlen Organization alias for Arthur Reiss.
RFE
Radio Free Europe (RFE). Ladislav Niznansky (Czech desk) and Assen
Tzankoff (RFE Paris) associated with Project.
RICHTER, Albert Gehlen Organization alias for Andreas Haderlein.
Riekstins, Alfreds
CAMUSO-1, J G-5394 (cryptonyms). Igor A. FELDMAN (pseudonym).
Associated with Project AECOB/ZRLYNCH.
RINGWALD-1 Cryptonym for Karl Geist.
RISCHKE Gehlen Organization alias for Oskar Reihle.
RNMELLATE Cryptonym (1957) for Adolf Heusinger.
RNMOOSEY Cryptonyms for Alarich Bross.
RNPILLOW Cryptonym for Arturs Brombergs.
RNSPLUNT Cryptonym for Wilhelm Classen.
ROBOT Cryptonym for J osef Mueller.
ROEMER, Fritz Gehlen Organization alias for Fritz Rauch.
ROESSELSPRUNG Gehlen Organization purchase of "garbage" from J osef Urban.
ROHR Gehlen Organization alias for Luigi Parilli.
ROPP Gehlen Organization alias for Rudolf Oebsger-Roeder.
ROSELLO, Fiol Bartolome Alias for Franz Rademacher.
ROSSON, Daniel K. Pseudonym for Arno Scholz.
Roth, Georg V-14410 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
RSHA Reich Main Security Office (RSHA).
RTACTION Cryptonym for Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Rudko, Michael AEBOLSTER-1, J G-5809, PL-489 (cryptonyms).
Rues, Hans KIBITZ-16 (cryptonym). Associated with KIBITZ Project.
RUHLAND, Albert Gehlen Organization alias for Ernst Pretzell.
Rungis, Peteris AECOB-5 (cryptonym). Associated with Project AECOB/ZRLYNCH.
Rupners, ILmars AECOB-4 (cryptonym). PETERIS (alias). Associated with Project AECOB.
RUSTY Gehlen Organization.
RVROCK Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
RYBAT Cable indicator for sensitivity of information.
SAENGER, Heinrich Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Sommer.
Saevecke, Theo
CAUTERY-2 (cryptonym). Associated with CAUTERY Project. CABANJ O
(cryptonym when he was Liaison Contact at the BKA).
Sander, Hans
V-5850 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Hans FRANKE, Hermann
BORCHERS (Gehlen Organization aliases).
SARAZEN OSS Cryptonym for Zsolt Aradi.
SARTORIUS, Friedrich Von Rote Kapelle alias for Friedrich Berger.
SATURN
SATURN (1949-61) was Gehlen Organization's (and later BND's) staybehind
program for East/West Germany, and included UJ LENTIL (STORCH, AFU
Program, FOX, WIESEL) and NADELWALD/UJ KEVEL. SATURN referenced
in KIBITZ file.
SAUER, Herbert Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Sommer.
SAVOY Cryptonym (late 1940s) for Hans Kemritz.
SCHADE, Walter Gehlen Organization alias for Walter Kainz.
SCHAEFFER, Dr. Emmerich Gehlen Organization alias for Emmerich Offczarek.
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Term Definition
SCHAUTH, Heinz Gehlen Organization alias for Heinz Anders.
Scheidt, Hans GORDON (Gehlen Organization alias).
Schmalschlager, Heinz
MALT (OSS/SSU Cryptonym). HELLER (OSS/SSU alias). AVOCET,
CANDIDA (CIA cryptonyms). V-67 (formerly V-91) (Gehlen Organization V-
Number).
SCHMIDT Gehlen Organization alias for Hermann Bickler.
Schmidt, Guenther Associated with LCCASSOCK Project.
Schmidt, Martin
V-7501 (Gehlen Organization V-Nymber). SYDOW (Gehlen Organization
alias).
Schmitz, Hans Dr. SCHNEIDERHAN (Gehlen Organization alias).
SCHNEIDER, Dr. Alias for Reinhard Gehlen.
SCHNEIDERHAN, Dr. Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Schmitz.
Schoebel, Hans Erich
GRAM (Gehlen Organization alias). Fall MONOGRAM (German cryptonym,
German double agent case against the Czechs). PEPPERMILL (CIA
cryptonym, German double agent case against the Czechs).
Scholz, Arno
CAMLET-1 (cryptonym). Daniel K. ROSSON (pseudonym). Associated with
Project TPOASIS.
Schreieder, J oseph
V-7627 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Heinz BAUER, Dr. MABUSE
(Gehlen Organization aliases). CABOLT (CIA cryptonym when he was Liaison
Contact at LfV).
SCHREITER, Dr. Gehlen Organization alias for Emmerich Offczarek.
Schruebbers, Hubert
CAVATA-16, CAWHISPER-16 (cryptonyms when he was Liaison Contact at
the BfV).
SCHUBERT, Hans Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Carl Schumacher.
Schuetz, Carl
V-2978 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). SCHUSTER (Gehlen Organization
alias).
Schulmeister, Otto
EE-4 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his EE Net (Catholic
Church Connections) in Austria) . GRANOLITE-10, GRCAMERA (cryptonyms).
Schumacher, Hans Carl
V-7025 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Hans SCHUBERT (Gehlen
Organization alias).
SCHUSTER Gehlen Organization alias for Carl Schuetz.
Schwarting, Christian J G-6628 (cryptonym). Associated with LCPROWL Apparat.
Schwarzwaeller, Ernst V-2952 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Schwend, Fritz FLUSH (OSS cryptonym). CAMERA (OSS/SSU cryptonym).
Schwerin, Gerhard Von
CAFILA (cryptonym). Gerhard Von Schwerin was Konrad Adenauer's military
advisor.
Seebode, Hans Waldemar
CAFIGHT-2, CAHELM-1, CASUSTAIN-5 (cryptonyms). Associated with
CAFIGHT, CAHELM, CASUSTAIN Projects.
Seibold, Fritz V-2730 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
SEIDEMANN, Otmar Gehlen Organization alias for Otto Somann.
SENNER, Heinrich Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Sommer.
SGCIDER Germany.
SGHOLDEN Munich Headquarters.
SGSWIRL Polygraph test.
Shebalin, Sergie
CATARATA, CACHINO-4, GRALLSPICE (cryptonyms). Rostislav ANTONOV
(pseudonym). Associated with Project REDCAP.
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Term Definition
SHELLFIRE
QKBROIL (1951-54), which was superceded by Project SHELLFIRE in 1954,
was a program to encourage the Rumanian people to resist communism; to
establish a clandestine underground in Rumania to hamper Soviet/satellite
military operations and to serve as a nucleus for wartime resistance; to
undermine the political, economic, and military structure of communist
Rumania; to develop a political center (part of NCFE) called the Rumanian
National Refugee Organization as cover for overt activities and a covert
operational support arm for OPC operations. Nicolae Radescu associated with
Project.
Shoriki, Matsutaro
POJ ACKPOT-1 and PODAM (cryptonyms). Associated with KMCASHIER
Project.
Shqiperia A newspaper published by the National Committee for Free Albania.
SHUBA-100
Cryptonym for National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (Narodno Trudovoi
Soyuz (NTS)), which reportedly was founded in the 1930s by Russian emigres
with extreme rightest and anti-Semitic views and collaborated closely with the
Nazis in Russia, providing local administrators, propagandists, and informants.
The NTS rebuilt itself on purely anti-Communist grounds in 1945. After the war,
the NTS has its own newspaper "Possev." See AESAURUS, QKDROOP.
SI OSS Secret Intelligence Branch.
Silberberg, Otto Anton BELVEDERE-6B (cryptonym).
SILL, Dr. Gehlen Organization alias for Wolfgang Steinbichl.
Sima, Horia FALLIBLE (cryptonym).
Sivers, Erich Von Considered for possible use on DTLINEN Project.
Skaistlauks, ILgvars Considered for possible use on Project AECHAMP.
Skurin, Captain FNU PREGNANT (cryptonym).
SLOTH OSS/SSU/CIG/CIA cryptonym for Georg Gerebkov.
Slymakovsky, Volodymyr Bohdan AECAPELIN-2, CAPELIN-2 (cryptonyms).
SMABET Canadian Department of External Affairs.
SMABLE Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
SMABOVE Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Security and Intelligence.
SMADD Canada.
SMEDDUM British Liaison Office.
SMOOTHER British Military Intelligence.
SMOTH British Intelligence Service (BIS).
SMYOPIA British Intelligence Service (BIS).
Somann, Hans
V-2950 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Otmar LANGE, Otmar SEIDEMANN
(Gehlen Organization aliases).
Sommer, Hans
V-2857 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Heinrich SAENGER, Herbert
SAUER, Heinrich SENNER (Gehlen Organization aliases).
SONR
Council of Liberation of the Peoples of Russia, an anticommunist front formed
in Europe in 1951.
Soobzokov, Tscherim
NOSTRIL (cryptonym). George A. BALLACH (alias). Kenneth W. DESNEW
(pseudonym). Associated with AEACRE, AEASTER, AEDEPOT (formerly
AEREADY) Projects.
Spade, J uris Considered for possible use on Project AEBLOSSOM.
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Term Definition
SPAIN Operation
AESAURUS / AENOBLE (initially AEROSOL, renamed AEGIDEON /
AENOBLE in 1958) operation (1950-61) maintained communications with
agents of the National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (Narodno Trudovoi Soyuz
or NTS (CABOCHE-1, PDGIDEON, SHUBA-100)). NTS was founded in 1930s
by Russian emigres with extreme rightest and anti-Semitic views and
collaborated closely with the Nazis in Russia, providing local administrators,
propagandists, and informants. NTS rebuilt itself in 1945 as an anti-Soviet
migr organization inside the USSR and with its own newspaper "Possev."
This project sought the development and exploitation of NTS agents as long-
term hot war assets and as sources of operational positive and psychological
intelligence. The Project included Operation CARCASS, training/dispatch into
USSR of agents to organize resistance groups and collect FI; Operation SPAIN
to establish NTS groups in US zone/Germany and Austria against Soviet
occupation forces through propaganda, defection, resistance, and collecting FI;
Operation RADIO to establish a mobile covert radio operated by NTS for
propaganda into East Zone. See also QKDROOP.
SPD
West German Social Democratic Party (SPD). CABAKER, QKELUSION
(cryptonyms).
Spitz, George
CANZONET, TARBABY (cryptonyms). Used by the Office of Strategic
Services (OSS) in 1945 on their investigation of the RSHA (Reich Main Security
Office) Financial Operation.
Srb, George CAMEL (OSS/SSU cryptonym).
SS-3
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for Otto Probst as a member of his SS Net
(Socialist Party Net) in Austria.
SS-5
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for Ferdinand Linhart as a member of his SS
Net (Socialist Party Net) in Austria.
SS-8
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for Rupert Zechtl as a member of his SS Net
(Socialist Party Net) in Austria.
SSU
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and its predecessor organizations are
Coordinator of Information (COI), 11 J ul. 1941 - 12 J un. 1942; Office of
Strategic Services (OSS), 13 J un. 1942 - 1 Oct. 1945; Strategic Services Unit
(SSU), 27 Sep. 1945 - 19 Oct. 1946; Central Intelligence Group (CIG), 22 J an.
1946 - 18 Sep. 1947; and Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 25 Sep. 1947.
STAHL, Werner Gehlen Organization alias for Werner Starke.
STAHLMANN, Hans BfV alias for J ohannes Streubing.
Stankevics, Arturs AECOB-3 (cryptonym). OSKARS (alias). Associated with Project AECOB.
Stankiewicz, Stanislaw
AECAMBISTA-17, CAMBISTA-17 (cryptonyms). Associated with AEQUOR
and BGCALLUS/QKACTIVE Projects. See also Oestministerium, Ranica.
Starke, Werner Werner STAHL (Gehlen Organization alias).
STBRANT-1 Cryptonym for Tatsuo Aso.
Steinbichl, Wolfgang V-92 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Dr. SILL (Gehlen Organization alias).
STENEOPHYE Audio installation.
Stetsko, Yaroslav AECAVATINA-2, CAVATINA-2 (cryptonyms).
STEVENS, Malcolm W. Pseudonym for Zsolt Aradi.
Stigler, J osef A-287 (cryptonym). EDER (alias). Associated with Project UJ KEVEL.
Stiglics, Roberts ALLEYCAT-14 (cryptonym).
STMURAL-1 Cryptonym for Hans Koenen.
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Term Definition
STORCH
STORCH/UJ LENTIL refers to SATURN Program's West German foreign
intelligence staybehind observer/reporter teams.
Strecker, Werner Considered for possible use on Project KMMANLY.
Strempel, Herbert Von HIAWATHA (cryptonym). Considered for possible use on Project ALCATRAZ.
Streubing, J ohannes Hans STAHLMANN (BfV alias).
Suchasnist
Monthly journal published by QRPLUMB's Munich Office, the Ukrainian Society
for Foreign Studies.
Suess, Karl GUMDROP (OSS/SSU cryptonym).
SUNRISE
Operation SUNRISE refers to the negotiations and surrender of German forces
in northern Italy carried out by OSS/Bern (Allen Dulles) prior to the collapse of
the Third Reich. The surrender shortened the war in Italy and reportedly saved
countless lives.
Supper, Adolf V-20798 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
SVDUAL American or United States (not US Government).
Sveics, Vidvuds
AECOB-7 (cryptonym). Associated with AECOB Project. VALDEMAR,
J ANSONS (Cryptonyms while working for Swedes).
SVMACE CIA Deputy Director for Operations (DDO).
SYBILLE
SSU SYBILLE Project provided information on migr groups. Ivan Docheff
was head of the Bulgarian Section, which was a network in Bad Gasten with
possible agents and communication lines into Bulgaria. Georg Meyer was also
associated with Project SYBILLE and provided information on Russian emigre
groups.
SYDOW Gehlen Organization alias for Martin Schmidt.
SYMPHONY
Project SYMPHONY (1946-47) was an OSS/SSU project to use the influx of
J ewish refugees into Austria from Rumania, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and
Poland managed by the J ewish Agency for Palestine (J AFP) in Austria (active
beginning 1944 with mission of organizing and facilitating J ewish emigration to
Palestine) and the Bricha (an unofficial J ewish organization active post-war that
established illegal routes and guided illegal transports through Europe) for
sources of CI information, to identify communists/Soviet agents among the
refugees, and to gain information about the J AFP intelligence service. Asher
Ben-Nathan (aka Arthur PIER), who was head of J AFP in Austria, was the chief
agent (CONDUCTOR). Erich Wender (LILAC) associated with Project.
TAKEMATSU
Plan TAKEMATSU (1940s/50s) was the operational plan of US Army G-2 Far
East Command in clandestine operations within J apan/peripheral areas using
former J apanese intelligence personnel. Seizo Arisue, Torashiro Kawabe
associated with this plan.
Tann, Inge Von Der
CC-3 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his CC Net in
Austria).
TARBABY Cryptonym for George Spitz.
Tatsumi, Eiichi POLESTAR-5 (cryptonym).
TEJ A BND cryptonym for Heinz Pannwitz.
Tellkamp, Eberhard J G-7653 (cryptonym). Associated with LCPROWL/Apparat Project.
The Asia Foundation
The Asia Foundation undertook programs via private institutions in Asia to
counteract the spread and appeal of communism. DTPILLAR (cryptonym).
Karl Herczeg associated with Project.
THROTTLER-1 Cryptonym for Shaqir Kabashi.
THROWOFF-2 Cryptonym for Ahmet Kabashi.
THROWOFF-3 Cryptonym for Destan Berisha.
THROWOFF-4 Cryptonym for Shaqir Kabashi.
THUNDERCLAP-5 Cryptonym for Shaqir Kabashi.
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Term Definition
TIB
Technical Intelligence Branch (TIB), which was the US Army European
Command's designator for the Gehlen Organization (1945-49).
TIBETAN-6 Cryptonym for Edvins Ozolins.
TIEBARS Swedish Defense Staff.
TILBURY Swedish intelligence organization.
TILBURY-1 Cryptonym for Andrejs Apsits.
TILESTONE
TILESTONE (1946-48) involved missions into Soviet occupied Baltic States.
Stasys Zymantas-Zakevicius associated with Project.
Till, Heinz Considered for possible use on Project CATADPOLE.
TIRRALIRRA Cryptonym for Stasys Zymantas-Zakevicius.
TLBRANT Cryptonym for Tatsuo Aso.
Toennies, Karl Considered for possible use on Project QKACTIVE.
TOEXCEL CIA Europe Division agent training.
TOPHOLE
Kurt Ponger-Otto Verber Espionage Case. Ponger, a U.S. Army officer during
WWII, interrogated war crimes suspects and witnesses at Nuremberg after the
war. In 1949, he was recruited by Soviets and he recruited Verber, who was
also a U.S. Army officer during WWII. In 1953, Ponger and Verber were
arrested by U.S. military authorities and convicted of espionage.
TPAPLUCK Staybehind activities training and recruitment.
TPEMBER
CADROIT (formerly TPEMBER) (1949-55) subsidized and guided the
Investigative Committee of Free J urists (Untersuchungsausschuss freiheitlicher
J uristen (UfJ )), which developed from one person as the head of a notional
committee in West Berlin to an active organization with a West Berlin
Headquarters staff of 75 and about 2,000 East German covert contacts, many
from the legal profession and/or East German government. The UfJ , with CIA
assistance, conducted extensive propaganda campaigns in East Germany,
based mainly on information from East German informants, to expose illegal
actions, breaches of justice, and acts of inhumanity committed and tolerated by
authorities in East Germany. An outgrowth of the UfJ -sponsored International
Congress of J urists in Berlin (1952) was the establishment of the International
Commission of J urists in The Hague, which was supported by CIA under
Project QKFEARFUL. CADROIT also included CADROWN (1952-55), a
paramilitary organization established in East Germany for wartime use. Helmut
Casemir associated with Project CADROIT.
TPEMBER Apparat
CADROWN (formerly TPEMBER Apparat, CADRASTIC) (1952-55) was
approved in 1952 as Amendment 3 to Project TPEMBER to establish a
paramilitary resistance apparat in East Germany for escape and evasion and
other staybehind resistance activities in case of war with the USSR. TPEMBER
(later CADROIT) (1949-55) supported a campaign to expose and to prevent
where possible, illegal actions, breaches of justice, and acts of inhumanity
committed and tolerated by authorities in East Germany. This was effected
through the League of Free J urists in East Germany.
TPENTITLE
Returnee Exploitation Group (REG), the reception, exploitation, and
resettlement of German and Austrian scientists and technicians who have
returned from work in the USSR.
TPFAST
LCHARVEST (TPFAST, TPTERRY, VLVIGOR) involved operations against
Peoples Republic of China (PRC) scientists and efforts to moitor PRC state
technology.
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Term Definition
TPMURILLO
TPMURILLO (1964-74) provided personnel to conduct research on the Soviet
Union based on information in overt sources with special emphasis on Soviet
services, personnel, and operations. Aleks Kurgvel associated with Project.
TPOASIS
TPOASIS (1949-54) subsidized the production and East Zone distribution of
two special weekly editions of Der Telegraf. Arno Scholz associated with
Project.
TPSTALL Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
TPTERRY
LCHARVEST (TPFAST, TPTERRY, VLVIGOR) involved operations against
Peoples Republic of China (PRC) scientists and efforts to moitor PRC state
technology.
TPTONIC
TPTONIC (formerly QKIVORY) refers to National Committee for a Free Europe
(NCFE) and its subcommittees. Vilis J anums associated with TPTONIC.
TQHIGHROAD Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
TRAJ AN Cryptonym for J on Margarit.
TRAUBE, Fritz Gehlen Organization alias for Fritz Dorn.
Treuhoff, Sven-Gunner
J G-6732, CABALLETA-2 (cryptonyms). Associated with Projects DTRAPID
and J BEDICT.
TRIDENT
BELLADONNA involved collection of foreign intelligence on USSR and
TRIDENT involved collection of counterintelligence on USSR through Ukrainian
emigre activities and personalities (1946-48). Ivan Hrinioch, Michael Korzhan,
Mykola Lebed, Yury Lopatinsky, Myron Matviyeyko associated with Projects.
Triska, Helmut
Considered for possible use on ZODIAC recruiting operation. Associated with
Gehlen Organization Operation HENNE. V9134.2 (Gehlen Organization V-
Number).
TROY OSS/SSU cryptonym for J osef Kuznetsov.
Tschoudnowsky, Leonid CAMPHOR, RADISH (OSS/SSU cryptonyms).
Tschurtscenthaler, Hans
GRBEAVER (cryptonym). Considered for possible use on Project
GRCROOND.
TsOPE
Central Association of Post-War Emigres (TsOPE) located in Munich. See
AEVIRGIL.
TT-1
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for Wolfram Bitschnau as a member of his
TT Net (Vorarlberg Security Directorate Unit) in Austria.
TT-2
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for Wilhelm Dietrich as a member of his TT
Net (Vorarlberg Security Directorate Unit) in Austria.
TT-5
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for Leopold Voller as a member of his TT Net
(Vorarlberg Security Directorate Unit) in Austria.
TT-6
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for Karl Von Winkler as a member of his TT
Net (Vorarlberg Security Directorate Unit) in Austria.
Tumash, Vitaut
AECAMBISTA-16, CAMBISTA-16 (cryptonyms). Frederick K. VONEL
(pseudonym). Associated with Project AEQUOR.
Tymewycz, Roman
AECASSOWARY-60, QRDYNAMIC-60 (cryptonyms). Clerical employee in
Branch Office of Project AERODYNAMIC.
Tzankoff, Assen Associated with Radio Free Europe (RFE) in Paris.
UB Polish Intelligence Service.
UHVR Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council (UHVR). FJ DRAFT (cryptonym).
UJ DOWN
Cryptonym for Kurt Behnke during German investigation of him as a suspect
MfS or Soviet agent during 1954-59. Behnke was also known to Heinz Felfe,
who was a KGB penetration of Gehlen/BND for 10 years until his arrest in
1961.
UJ DRACO Gehlen Organization visits to the United States.
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Term Definition
UJ DREADFUL Cryptonym for Ernst Worm.
UJ DRIFTER Cryptonym for J on Margarit.
UJ DRIZZLY West German investigations of the Rote Kapelle.
UJ DROLLERY Gehlen Organization counterintelligence/counterespionage (CI/CE) projects.
UJ DROSHKY Gehlen Organization program to polygraph its personnel.
UJ DROVER Soviet Embassy in East Germany.
UJ DROWSY Cryptonym for Heinz Felfe.
UJ DRUG
CIA cryptonym when the Germans ran him as a double agent against the KGB
in Fall PANOPTIKUM.
UJ DRUID Cryptonym for Constantine Papanace.
UJ DRUM Cryptonym for Hans Clemens.
UJ DRYROT
Cryptonym for Oskar Reihle during the time that Heinz Felfe and Hans Clemens
(both arrested for espionage in 1961) were under investigation as alleged KGB
penetrations of Gehlen/BND. Reihle was associated with Felfe and Clemens.
UJ DUCAT-4 Cryptonym for Ulrich Kayser-Eichberg.
UJ DUSK West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
UJ KEVEL
NADELWALD/UJ KEVEL refers to the SATURN Program's West German
escape and evasion teams. J osef Stigler associated with UJ KEVEL Project.
UJ LENTIL SATURN Program's STORCH, AFU Program, FOX, and WIESEL programs.
UJ NUTLET
CIA Cryptonym for Friedrich Panzinger when the Germans were running him as
a double agent against the Soviets.
UJ RANDOM Cable Indicator for BND investigations.
UJ VAULT Cable indicator for BND requests for name checks.
ULMANN Gehlen Organization alias for Kazys Gimzauskas.
Umpfenbach, Georg CAECTOMY-18, CATADPOLE-1, CABATON-46 (cryptonyms).
UMPIRE
QKDEMON (formerly UMPIRE, EDUCATOR) (1949-50) was a psychological
warfare project and provided the production and dissemination of covert
propaganda against the Soviet Union and its satellites using radio broadcasts
and printed material. Hildegard Beetz associated with Project.
Unglaube, Heinz V-7043 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
United States Escapee Program (USEP)
The United States Escapee Program (USEP) or President's Escapee Program
(PEP) was established in 1952 to assist escapees from the Soviet Bloc
(nationals from Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Albania, Bulgaria, the Baltic
States, or the USSR) fleeing from persecution and despair to countries of
asylum in Europe. The Department of State, Foreign Operations
Administration, had the responsibility of implementing this program, which
assisted the escapees to get settled in the western world.
UNREST Cryptonym for Otto Von Bolschwing.
Untersuchungsausschuss freiheitlicher
J uristen (UfJ )
Untersuchungsausschuss freiheitlicher J uristen (UfJ ), the Investigative
Committee of Free J urists, was subsidized under Project CADROIT (formerly
TPEMBER).
UPA Ukrainian Revolutionary Army (UPA).
UPGROWTH West German Federal Government.
UPHILL West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
UPSWING West German Foreign Intelligence Service (BND).
UPTHRUST Cryptonym for Konrad Adenauer.
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Term Definition
Urban, J osef
V-13690 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). BEFINAL-103 (CIA cryptonym
while monitoring his peddling of fabricated intelligence reports). See
ROESSELSPRUNG and DILLINGER.
URBANEK, Franz Gehlen Organization alias for Erwin J ansen.
URMOTHER Clandestine Cold War Activities.
URSU Gehlen Organization alias for Vasile Mailat.
US Agency for International Development ODWIFE (cryptonym).
US Air Force OSI
US Air Force, Office of Special Investigations (USAF/OSI). KMJ UNKMAN,
LNEASE (cryptonyms).
US Army DYMAGPIE, LNGLUE, LNREAD, ODIBEX (cryptonyms).
US Army CIC
US Army Counterintelligence Corps (US Army CIC or CIC). BGHABIT,
DYMACULE, LNWILT, ODOPAL (cryptonym).
US Army Europe HTMANDOLA (cryptonym).
US Army Military Intelligence Division QKJ OLLIER (cryptonym).
US Department of Commerce LNDROP (cryptonym).
US Department of J ustice LNTONE (cryptonym).
US Department of Navy DYMADNESS, LNTUCK, ZASEESAW (cryptonyms).
US Department of State
DYMAROON, LNGOLD, NVABROAD, NVGIFT, NVIDEA, ODACID, ZASEAL
(cryptonyms).
US Department of the Air Force LNLEVY
US Department of Treasury LNVENT (cryptonym).
US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) LNTUBA (cryptonym).
US Embassy, Legation, Consulate LNCUFF, LNFALL, NVENGRAM (cryptonym).
US Embassy, Vienna GROWER (cryptonym).
US Federal Bureau of Investigation DYMACACO, LNERGO, NVCANOPY (cryptonyms).
US Government LNBUZZ, LNFORT, LNLUTE, NVBLAZON, ODYOKE, QKCIGAR (cryptonyms).
US Immigration and Naturalization Service
US Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). LNYUMA, ODURGE
(cryptonyms).
US Information Communications Agency LNYATE (cryptonym).
US National Security Council ODAPSE (cryptonym).
US Secret Service LNBEET (cryptonym).
USAEUR US Army Europe (USAEUR). HTMANDOLA (cryptonym).
USAF US Air Force (USAF). LNCAST, LNPACK (cryptonyms).
USAGE Cryptonym for Otto Von Bolschwing.
USEP
The United States Escapee Program (USEP) or President's Escapee Program
(PEP) was established in 1952 to assist escapees from the Soviet Bloc
(nationals from Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Albania, Bulgaria, the Baltic
States, or the USSR) fleeing from persecution and despair to countries of
asylum in Europe. The Department of State, Foreign Operations
Administration, had the responsibility of implementing this program, which
assisted the escapees to get settled in the western world.
USSR
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). CKPOLAR, FJ STEAL,
MHHARSH, TPSTALL (cryptonyms).
USTASHA
The Ustasha was a Croatian organization put in charge of the Independent
state of Croatia by the Axis powers in 1941. The Ustasha, which followed Nazi
policies, sought to exterminate all Serbs, J ews, Gypsies, and others who
opposed them, and was responsible for massacres and other atrocities.
UTILITY Cryptonym for Reinhard Gehlen.
V-10721 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Werner Krassowsky.
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V-11364 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Murat Ferid.
V-1150 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Friedrich Panzinger.
V-11540 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Walter Vaeth.
V-11718 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Emil Duplitzer.
V-11728 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Rudolf Oebsger-Roeder.
V-11760 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Hans Handrack.
V-11881 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Michael Kedia.
V-12024 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Walter Domes.
V-12041 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Kurt Merk.
V-12643 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Karl Wellhoener.
V-12899 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Eberhard Non Nostitz.
V-13600 Gehlen Organization V-Number for J osef Didinger.
V-13611
V-13611 (formerly V9460.9) were Gehlen Organization V-Numbers for Michael
Korzhan.
V-13690 Gehlen Organization V-Number for J osef Urban.
V-14011 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Walter Vollmer.
V-14105 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Erich Vogel.
V-14125 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Horst Koerner.
V-14401 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Karl Ledwinke.
V-14410 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Georg Roth.
V-14411 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Gyorgy Kollenyi.
V-14415 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Friedrich Frank.
V-14801 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Walter Kainz.
V-14802
V-14802 (formerly V-19331) were Gehlen Organization V-Numbers for Bruno
Klaus.
V-15050 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Vasile Mailat.
V-15769 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Ernst Kroeger.
V-15775 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Kazys Gimzauskas.
V-16131 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Franz Karmasin.
V-1721 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Franz Mueller.
V-17562 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Gyorgy Kollenyi.
V-18526 Gehlen Organization V-Number for J uergen Von Hehn.
V-19331
V-14802 (formerly V-19331) were Gehlen Organization V-Numbers for Bruno
Klaus.
V-2026 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Heinrich Lienhard.
V-20798 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Adolf Supper.
V-21511 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Guenther Woest.
V-21554 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Karl Wildner.
V-22352
V-22352 (formerly V-7038) were Gehlen Organization V-Numbers for Konrad
Fiebig.
V-2327 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Kurt Froehlich.
V-23411 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Alfred Metzner.
V-2354 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Werner Finsterer.
V-2600 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Ludwig Albert.
V-2616 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Helmut Ohlbrecht.
V-2620 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Erich Heidschuch.
V-2629 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Heinrich J osef Reiser.
V-2665 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Hans Clemens.
V-2665.2 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Fritz Gustav Erdmann.
V-2665.5 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Fritz Baltrusch.
V-2713 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Herbert Boehrsch.
V-2730 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Fritz Seibold.
V-2777 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Karl Zenger.
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Term Definition
V-2835 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Willy Heinrich Friede.
V-2837 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Walter Otten.
V-2857 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Hans Sommer.
V-2881 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Fritz Arlt.
V-2907 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Emil Augsburg.
V-2950 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Otto Somann.
V-2951 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Cornelius Van Der Horst.
V-2952 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Ernst Schwarzwaeller.
V-2954 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Arwed Flegel.
V-2978 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Carl Schuetz.
V-2982 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Friederich Busch.
V-2996 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Wolfgang Hoeher.
V-3002 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Alexander Dolezalek.
V-3015 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Adolf Puchta.
V-3080 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Kurt Moritz.
V-3348 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Walter Geipel.
V-3376 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Fritz Dorn.
V-3399 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Guenter Hans Bernau.
V-3595 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Ebrulf Zuber.
V-3597 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Ernst Worm.
V-4985 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Andreas Biederbick.
V-5300 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Heinrich Von Mast.
V-5450 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Kurt Knoll.
V-58 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Fritz Rauch.
V-5850 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Hans Sander.
V-615 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Ernst Makowski.
V-616 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Erich Deppner.
V-6606
V-6628 (formerly V-6606) were Gehlen Organization V-Numbers for Wilhelm
Dietrich.
V-6628
V-6628 (formerly V-6606) were Gehlen Organization V-Numbers for Wilhelm
Dietrich.
V-67
V-67 (formerly V-91) were Gehlen Organization V-Numbers for Heinz
Schmalschlager.
V-6732 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Anton Boehm (prior to 1950).
V-7025 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Hans Carl Schumacher.
V-7038
V-22352 (formerly V-7038) were Gehlen Organization V-Numbers for Konrad
Fiebig.
V-7041 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Ernst Helfsgott.
V-7043 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Hans Unglaube.
V-7048 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Siegfried Nickel.
V-7500 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Emmerich Offczarek.
V-7501 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Martin Schmidt.
V-7627 Gehlen Organization V-Number for J oseph Schreieder.
V-7630 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Walter Kurreck.
V-7902 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Erich Olbrueck.
V-7915 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Ludwig Pfahls.
V-8833 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Karl J oseph Feist.
V-8838 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Wilhelm Krichbaum.
V-8864 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Ludwig Wolff.
V-91
V-67 (formerly V-91) were Gehlen Organization V-Numbers for Heinz
Schmalschlager.
V-9107 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Hans Bauer.
V-9112 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Andreas Haderlein.
Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files
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Term Definition
V-9134.2 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Helmut Triska.
V-9136.8 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Christian Zarp.
V-92 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Wolfgang Steinbichl.
V-9245 Gehlen Organization V-Number for Walter Lueth.
V-9460.9
V-13611 (formerly V9460.9) were Gehlen Organization V-Numbers for Michael
Korzhan.
Vaeth, Walter V-11540 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
VALDEMAR Cryptonym for Vidvuds Sveics while working for the Swedes.
VALUABLE British program in Albania. See also OBOPUS/BGFIEND.
VENUS
VENUS, a cryptonym for Ferenc Kozma, also refers to the VENUS operation, a
double agent operation initially begun in 1949 by the Belgians to penetrate right-
wing Hungarian migr organizations. Ferenc Kozma associated with Project.
Vettermann, Horst Paul
CAMBIO-0, CAUTERY-16 (cryptonyms). Associated with Project CAMBIO,
CAUTERY.
Viksna, Voldis AECOB-1 (cryptonym). Associated with Project AECOB.
VLIK
Supreme Committee for Lithuanian Liberation (VLIK) was formed in Lithuania in
1943 to set up a nationwide network of organizations that would resist the
German occupation and attempts to form an SS Legion in Lithuania.
VLKIVA CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC).
VLVIGOR
LCHARVEST (TPFAST, TPTERRY, VLVIGOR) involved operations against
Peoples Republic of China (PRC) scientists and efforts to moitor PRC state
technology.
Vogel, Erich V-14105 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Vogt, Helmut
J G-2633 (cryptonym). Merrit C. CRASKE (alias). Associated with the League
of German Youth (BDJ ) of Project LCPROWL.
Voice of America (VOA) J BCREOLE (cryptonym).
Voller, Leopold
TT-5 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his TT Net (Vorarlberg
Security Directorate Unit) in Austria). Franz KAUFMANN, Leopold WALTER
(aliases).
Vollmer, Walter V-14011 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
VONEL, Frederick K. Pseudonym for Vitaut Tumash.
Voss, Klavoli ANT (OSS/SSU cryptonym).
VULTURE KIBITZ staybehind program burial/caching of W/T equipment.
Wachi, Tsunezo POAIM-12 (cryptonym).
WAGNER, Kurt Gehlen Organization alias for Walter Kurreck.
WAKILD, Donald R. Alias for Constantine Mierlak.
WALTER, Leopold Alias for Leopold Voller.
War Refugee Board
GARBO is cryptonym for American War Refugee Board, which was established
in 1944 by President Roosevelt to "rescue endangered refugees in every area
of the world" and initiated its activities in Stockholm. The Board funded Raoul
Wallenberg's assignment in wartime Budapest (1944-45) to protect Hungarian
J ews from Nazi persecution and deportation.
Washington, DC ZRMETAL (cryptonym).
WASt Wehrmachts Abwehr Stelle (WASt). German armed forces personnel records.
WEBER Gehlen Organization alias for Ernst Worm.
WEBER, Ludwig Gehlen Organization alias for Ludwig Wolff.
Wehr Wissenschaftliche Rundschau
(WWR)
Wehr Wissenschaftliche Rundschau (WWR), under Project KMMANLY, was a
Military Science J ournal.
WEIGAND, Fritz Gehlen Organization alias for Werner Finsterer.
Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files
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Term Definition
Weinert, J oachim
CAMISADE (formerly FORD) (OSS/SSU/CIG cryptonyms). CARDIFF (alias
when he was agent for NKVD officer Captain FNU Skurin).
Weinsberg, Willi Associated with LCPROWL Project.
Weiss, Kurt WINTERSTEIN (Gehlen Organization alias).
Wellhoener, Karl
V-12643 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Karl WOGE (Gehlen Organization
alias).
Wender, Erich LILAC (cryptonym). Associated with Project SYMPHONY.
Wendland, Major General Horst
WENDT, HOLM (Gehlen Organization aliases). Major General Horst
Wendland was Reinhard Gehlen's Deputy at the BND.
WENDT Gehlen Organization alias for Major General Horst Wendland.
Wenger, Erich CAVATA-17 (cryptonym when he was Liaison Contact at BfV).
WERNER Gehlen Organization alias for Fritz Arlt.
West German Federal Government HBGROPING, MHBRUSH, UPGROWTH (cryptonyms).
WIESEL
WIESEL/UJ LENTIL refers to SATURN Program's West German caching
program (neutral W/T, operational aids, barter material, hard-rations, and
medical supply caches).
Wildner, Karl V-21554 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
WILDORF, Daniel Gehlen Organization alias for Walter Domes.
WILKE, Dr. Karl Gehlen Organization alias for Karl J oseph Feist.
WINKLER Gehlen Organization alias for Hermann Bickler.
Winkler, Karl Von
TT-6 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his TT Net (Vorarlberg
Security Directorate Unit) in Austria).
WINTERSTEIN Gehlen Organization alias for Kurt Weiss.
WINTERSTEIN, Werner Gehlen Organization alias for Werner Finsterer.
Wirsich, Kuno
CAMOMILE (OSS/SSU cryptonym). HERRING (OSS/SSU alias). Considered
for possible use by OSS on Project ALCATRAZ.
Wirth, J osef Hermann
CC-12 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his CC Net in
Austria).
Wirth, Ulrich BARLEY, CANNABIN (OSS/SSU cryptonyms).
Wischmann, Guenther CAPELLA (OSS/SSU cryptonym when he was an agent of Fritz Schwend).
WKORANGE-62 Cryptonym for Harry Mannil.
WNINTEL Warning Intelligence Sources and Methods.
WOACRE CIA Technical Services Division.
WOBONE CIA Office of Security.
WOBUOY CIA Division D.
WOCORK American or United States, but not US Government.
WODUAL American or United States, but not US Government.
WOECRU CIA Office of Central Reference (OCR).
Woellner, Eduard KIBITZ-17 (cryptonym). Associated with Project KIBITZ.
Woest, Guenther
V-21511 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). HAENDLER (Gehlen Organization
alias).
WOFACT Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
WOFIRM Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
WOGE, Karl Gehlen Organization alias for Karl Wellhoener.
WOGEAR CIA Office of Political Analysis (OPA).
WOHIVE Office of Strategic Services (OSS).
WOHORN CIA Office of National Estimates (ONE).
WOLADY American or United States, but not US Government.
WOLENS CIA Foreign Intelligence Staff.
WOLF, Erich Gehlen Organization alias for Hans Bauer.
Wolff, Ludwig
V-8864 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). Ludwig WEBER (Gehlen
Organization alias).
Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files
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Term Definition
WOLIME Cable indicator for CIA International Activities Division.
WOLOBE CIA Office of Scientific Intelligence (OSI).
WOLOCK CIA Technical Services Division.
WOMACE CIA Deputy Director for Operations (DDO).
WOMUSE CIA Counterintelligence Center (CIC).
Worm, Ernst
V-3597 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). WEBER, PARKER (Gehlen
Organization aliases). UJ DREADFUL (cryptonym).
WOROMP CIA Deputy Director for Intelligence (DDI).
WOYARD CIA Directorate of Science and Technology (DS&T).
WRINGER
US Air Force center for refugee exploitation under the command of the 7050th
Air Intelligence Service Wing.
WSCORNY Berlin.
WSSIREN Psychological Warfare.
WSSPEAR Political Warfare.
WUNDER, Fritz Gehlen Organization alias for Franz Karmasin.
X-2 OSS Counterespionage Branch.
XX-21
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for J osephus Zagon as a member of his XX
Net (Hungarian Catholic Group) in Austria.
XX-61
Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for Erno Karoly Hebenstreit as a member of
his XX Net (Hungarian Catholic Group living in West) in Austria.
ZACABAL Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
ZACABIN CIA Office of Special Operations (OSO).
ZACACTUS CIA Office of Policy Coordination (OPC).
ZACALICO CIA Office of Scientific Intelligence (OSI).
ZACAMBRIC Office of Strategic Services (OSS).
Zagars, Herberts
AEMARSH-1 (cryptonym). Herbert KALNINS (alias). Associated with Project
AEMARSH.
Zagon, J osephus
XX-21 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his XX Net
(Hungarian Catholic Group) in Austria).
Zarp, Christian V-9136.8 (Gehlen Organization V-Number)
ZASEAL US Department of State.
ZASEESAW US Department of Navy.
Zch/OUN
Foreign Section of Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (Zch/OUN).
AECAVATINA, CAVATINA (cryptonyms). After the war, Zch/OUN was headed
by Stefan Bandera.
Zechtl, Rupert
SS-8 (Otto Von Bolschwing's cryptonym for a member of his SS Net (Socialist
Party Net) in Austria).
Zenger, Karl V-2777 (Gehlen Organization V-Number).
Ziegler, Viktor J G-8970 (cryptonym). Associated with Project KMHITHER-C.
ZIGZAG OSS cryptonym for Heinz Karl Krull.
ZIPPER Gehlen Organization.
ZODIAC
ZODIAC Operation aimed at the defection of East Bloc individuals while they
were outside the Iron Curtain. Helmut Triska considered for possible use on
this Project.
ZPUHVR
Foreign Representation of the Ukrainian Supreme Liberation Council
(ZPUHVR). AECASSOWARY-1, CASSOWARY-1, FJ GOODS, QRDYNAMIC-
1 (cryptonyms).
ZRCROWN British.
ZRELOPE Training program for agents.
Research Aid: Cryptonyms and Terms in Declassified CIA Files
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Term Definition
ZRLYNCH
AECOB, approved in 1950, was a vehicle for foreign intelligence (FI) operations
into and within Soviet Latvia and involved infiltration and exfiltration of black
agents and the recruitment of legally resident agents in the USSR, especially
Latvia. ZRLYNCH was approved in 1950 for use of the Latvian Resistance
Movement, which had been formed in 1944, as a vehicle for clandestine
activities within the USSR. ZRLYNCH was renewed in 1952 as a part of
AECOB, which then provided both FI and political and psychological (PP)
activities. AECOB / ZRLYNCH PP project was terminated in 1955. AECOB FI
project was terminated in 1959. Roberts Ancans, Andrejs Apsits, Nikolajs
Balodis, Arturs Brombergs, Freds Launags, Edvins Ozolins, J anis Ozolins,
J anis Presnikovs, Alfreds Riekstins, Peteris Rungis, ILmars Rupners, Arturs
Stankevics, Vidvuds Sveics, Voldis Viksna associated with Project. J anis
Ozols considered for possible use on Project.
ZRMETAL Washington, DC.
ZRNAUNTLE
ZRNAUNTLE was a staybehind paramilitary project. Xhaver Deva, Ivan
Docheff associated with this Project.
ZRPENNY Activity to counter communist-sponsored world youth festival in Helsinki.
Zuber, Ebrulf
V-3595 (Gehlen Organization V-Number). ACKERMAN (Gehlen Organization
alias).
Zymantas-Zakevicius, Stasys TIRRALIRRA (cryptonym). Associated with Project TILESTONE.