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LESSON OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, student should be able to :


LESSON OBJECTIVES
1. Describe the different installation options
and types.
2. Describe the differences between upgrading
and migrating OS.
3. Describe the tools and process to perform
OS upgrade.
4. Describe the tools and process to perform
server migration.

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Minimum system requirements for all editions of
Windows Server 2012:
- Processor: 1.4 GHz 64-bit
- RAM: 512 MB
- Disk space: 32 GB
- DVD or USB flash drive
- Super VGA (800 x600) or higher resolution
monitor
SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
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INSTALLATION METHODS
USB media
Optical disk
Windows Deployment
Service
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WINDOWS DEPLOYMENT SERVICES
Windows Deployment Services:
Enables network-based installations
Simplifies the deployment process
Supports deployment to computers with no
operating system
Provides end-to-end operating system deployment
Uses technologies, such as Windows PE, .wim and
.vhd files, and image-based deployment
Prerequisites include:
AD DS , DHCP , DNS , NTFS volume

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Necessary when you have a bare metal
computer.
Requires reformat of existing disk.
Creates the most stable environment.
CLEAN INSTALLATION
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1. Connect and power on all devices.
2. Boot from the Windows Server installation DVD.
3. Select Language, Time and Currency format, and
Keyboard layout.
4. Click Install Now.
5. Select your edition of Windows Server 2012.
6. Select Custom: Install Windows only
(advanced).
7. Select the partition on which to install.
8. When the installation is complete, set your
password.
PERFORMING A
CLEAN INSTALLATION
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Select Your Preferences
PERFORMING A CLEAN INSTALLATION
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Click Install Now
PERFORMING A CLEAN INSTALLATION
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Select Server Edition
PERFORMING A CLEAN INSTALLATION
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Select Custom: Install Windows only
(advanced)
PERFORMING A CLEAN INSTALLATION
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Select the Partition/Drive on which to Install
PERFORMING A CLEAN INSTALLATION
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Set the Administrator Password
PERFORMING A CLEAN INSTALLATION
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If hard drives are connected to a third-party
controller, rather than the one integrated into
the motherboard, the installation procedure
may not detect your hard drive.
The Where do you want to install Windows?
page will not list hard drives.
Install a third-party driver to allow the
installation program access to your hard drive
to continue the installation.
INSTALLING THIRD-PARTY DRIVERS
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Advanced Drive Options Buttons
WORKING WITH
INSTALLATION PARTITIONS
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Server Core Installation
Server with GUI
CHOOSING INSTALLATION OPTIONS
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Is a more secure, less resource-intensive
installation
runs without the GUI, Windows Explorer,
Internet Explorer, and other dependent
components.
Can be converted to the full version of
Windows Server 2012
Is the default installation option for Windows
Server 2012
Is managed locally using sconfig.cmd


SERVER CORE
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Advantage of deploying server core servers:
Hardware resource conservation
- Use system hardware to run essential services.
Reduced disk space
- Requires less disk space and less swap space,
Reduced patch frequency
- reduces the number of updates and therefore
fewer server restarts and less downtime.
Reduced attack surface
- Fewer entrances there are for attackers to
exploit as lesser software is installed
BENEFITS OF SERVER CORE
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A setting that removes some of the most
hardware-intensive elements from the GUI.
Middle ground between Server Core and full
GUI installation.
Administrators are left with essential tools:
- Server Manager
- MMC applications
- Device Manager
- Windows PowerShell
USING THE MINIMAL
SERVER INTERFACE
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User Interfaces and Infrastructure Feature in
the Remove Roles and Features Wizard
CONFIGURE THE MINIMAL INTERFACE
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UPGRADING VS MIGRATING
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Setup program creates a new Windows folder
in which to install the new version of Windows
Server 2012.
The program then migrates applications, files,
and settings from the old OS to the new.
To minimize risks involved in this complex
procedure, administrators must perform
backups and be able to troubleshoot problems
that may arise.
UPGRADING SERVERS
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Supported upgrade paths
- Windows Server 2008 or Windows Server
2008 R2, 64 bit versions only,
- Same edition.
For all other Windows versions and editions,
you require a Clean Installation.
UPGRADE PATHS
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Check hardware compatibility.
Check disk space.
Confirm that software is signed.
Check application compatibility.
Ensure computer functionality.
Perform a full backup.
Purchase Windows Server 2012.
PREPARING TO UPGRADE
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1. Insert the Windows Server 2012 installation
DVD while your current server is still
running, and run the Setup program.
2. Select Upgrade:
Install Windows and keep files, settings, and
applications option.
3. The Setup program will provide a
Compatibility Report.
PERFORMING AN
UPGRADE INSTALLATION
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Compatibility report page
PERFORMING AN
UPGRADE INSTALLATION
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Migration is the preferred method of replacing
an existing server with Windows Server 2012.
- Copies vital information from an existing server
to a clean Windows Server 2012 installation.
- Upgrade restrictions do not apply to migrations.
- Able to migrate between versions, platforms,
editions, physical and virtual instances, and
installation options.
- Some role migrations require the use of
Windows Server Migration Tools
MIGRATING ROLES
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1. Install Windows Server Migration Tools on
the destination server, running Windows
Server 2012.
2. Create a distribution folder and copy an
appropriate version of the tools for the
source server.
3. Copy the distribution folder to the source
server and then register the Windows Server
Migration Tools.
4. Use Migration Guides to migrate roles,
features shares, settings, and other data.
SERVER MIGRATION STEPS
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REVIEW QUESTIONS
Which of the following is a valid upgrade path
to Windows Server 2012?
A. Windows Server 2003 Standard to Windows
Server 2012 Standard
B. Windows Server 2008 Standard to Windows
Server 2012 Standard
C. Windows Server 2008 R2 32-bit to Windows
Server 2012 64-bit
D. Windows 7 Ultimate to Windows Server
2012 Essentials


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Server roles
- sets of software components that allow servers
to perform a specific function for users and
other computers on networks.
- has one or more related role services.
Features
- software components that provide additional
functionality eg Windows Server Backup
- Can be added or removed separately from
roles and role services.
SERVER ROLES & FEATURES
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POST-INSTALLATION CONFIGURATION
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JOINING A DOMAIN
Performed online or
offline
Information required
Domain name
Account with
permission to join
computer to
domain
Computer account
will be created in AD

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ACTIVATING WINDOWS SERVER 2012
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The Select Installation type page in the Add
Roles and Features Wizard
INSTALLING ROLES AND FEATURES
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Sconfig.cmd
Numerical based
Menu
Used to perform
common basic
administrative
tasks and
configuration


CONFIGURING A SERVER CORE
Lab 1-2
Installing Server OS
Lab 1-3
Configuring Server Settings