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AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING

(EG704ME)
Lecture: 3
Tutorial: 1
Practical: 1.5

Year: IV
Part: A

COURSE OUTLINES
1.

INTRODUCTION
1.1
History of development
1.2
Classification of motor vehicles
1.3
Components of an automobile

2.

CLUTCH
2.1
Purpose and function
2.2
Types, main parts
2.3
Common troubles and its diagnosis

3.

GEAR BOX
3.1
Introduction
3.2
Purpose and function
3.3
Types: slidingmesh, constantmesh, synchromesh and epicyclic
gearboxes; gear shifting
3.4
Automatic gearbox
3.5
Overdrive
3.6
Common trouble and its diagnosis

4.

UNIVERSAL JOINT AND PROPELLER SHAFT


4.1
Introduction, types of universal joints
4.2
Common trouble and its diagnosis

5.

REAR AXLE
5.1
Function and types
5.2
Main parts
5.3
Differential
5.4
Fourwheel drive
5.5
Common trouble and its diagnosis

6.

WHEEL AND TYRES


3
6.1
Types of wheels, wheel dimensions
6.2
Types of tyre, properties
6.3
Tyre designations, factors affecting tyre life, tyre pressure and its effect
6.4
Changing of tyre, tyre rotation

7.

CHASSIS
7.1
Purpose, construction of a chassis
7.2
Layout and types
7.3
Defects in frames
7.4
Frameless construction

8.

SUSPENSION SYSTEM
8.1
Introduction and objective
8.2
Types, main parts
8.3
Trouble shooting

9.

BRAKES
9.1
Introduction and objective
9.2
Importance of stopping distance, braking distance
9.3
Main parts
9.4
Types: mechanical, hydraulic, power-assisted brakes
9.5
Brake adjusting
9.6
Brake shoe and lining materials
9.7
Antilock braking system

10.

ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS SYSTEM


10.1 Lighting and wiring system
10.2 Battery, starter motor, generator
10.3 Electrical and electronics instrument
10.4 Accessories
10.5 Common trouble and its diagnosis

11.

STEERING SYSTEM
11.1 Need for the system and parts
11.2 Types of steering linkage and boxes
11.3 Power steering
11.4 Common trouble
11.5 Wheel alignment

12.

MOTOR VEHICLE DYNAMICS


12.1 Forces acting on a motor vehicles
12.2 Transmission efficiency
12.3 Determination of fuel consumption

13.

SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Driver and passenger safety

14.

EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM


4
14.1 Introduction to major pollutant formation
14.2 Methods of pollutant reduction
14.3 Introduction to measuring instrument such as smoke and gas analyser
14.4 Permitted emission levels in Nepal
14.5 Noise pollution

15.

VEHICLE RULES AND ACTS


2
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Motor vehicle act, registration of motor vehicle, driving license,
control of traffic, insurance against risk, claims for compensation

16.

WORKSHOP LAYOUT AND VEHICLE MAINTENANCE


4
16.1 Garage and workshop layout
16.2 Calculation of workshop post, no. of workers and area of sections of
the workshop
16.3 Measuring instruments, tool and workshop equipment
16.4 Vehicle maintenance and repair: types and purposes

PRACTICALS
1.

CLUTCH AND GEARBOX


Types, main parts, dismantling, identification and assembling of components
of clutch and gearbox; checking the conditions of clutch plate, pressure plate,
release bearing, gears.

2.

PROPELLER SHAFT, FINAL DRIVE AND DIFFERENTIAL


Main parts, dismantling, identification and assembling of main parts of
differential; checking the conditions of propeller shaft, universal joints, final
drive and differential.

3.

BRAKES
Types, main parts, dismantling, identification and assembling of brake
components; checking the conditions of master cylinder, brake drum/discs,
brake linings, pipe lines, brake oil reservoir

4.

SUSPENSION AND AXLES


Types, main parts; checking their conditions

5.

WHEEL, TYRES AND STEERING


Types, main parts; checking the conditions of tyres and tubes, wheel and
steering gearbox, steering wheels

6.

BATTERY, STARTING MOTOR, CHARGING SYSTEM


Battery: main parts, proper handling of electrolyte, use of battery charging and
testing equipment, charging of new/used battery, servicing of battery.
Starting motor: main parts, dismantling, identification of parts and assembling
of starting motor, testing of starting motor on test bench and on car.
Charging system: types of generator and working principle, dismantling,
identification of parts and assembling of generators, working principle of
regulator and cutouts.

7.

LIGHTING AND WIRING


Wiring layouts, identification of components, fault finding, replacing the
damaged components.

8.

EMISSION TESTING
Introduction to emission testing equipment, measurement of CO and smoke.

References:
1. Automobile Engineering, vol. 1 and 2 Kripal Singh
2. Automotive Mechanics Joseph Heitner
3. Automotive Mechanics Willium Crouse
4. Skill testing standards on motor vehicle Nepal skill testing authority, CTEVT