Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 87

A

2014

2014

..................................................................... 5
......................................................................................................................................... 6
.......................................................................................................... 7
1

....................................................................................................... 20
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10

....................................................................................................................... 44
2.1
2.2

. ............................................... 44
.......................................................................................... 45

................................................ 46
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4

........................................................................................... 20
................................................................. 21
.................................................................... 24
.......................................................................................................... 29
.......................................................... 30
...................................................................................... 32
SPREADS
............................................................................................................................... 33
............... 35

..................................................................................................................... 40
....................................................... 42

......................................................................................................................... 46
....................................................................................... 51
................................................................................................ 56
............................................................................................ 61

:
: ....................................................................................... 62
4.1
4.2
4.3

.................................................... 62
............................................. 71
........................................................................................................... 80


1: () ...................................................... 31
2: -- -
.-. 2014 .......................................................................................... 39
3:
2014 ( . ) ....................................................................................... 41
4: 28
. .............................................................................................................. 42
5: - : - 2014.................. 49
6: - 2013.................... 54
7: - 2013 ................ 58
8: .............................. 65
9: .................................................................................................................. 66
10: ................................................................................................ 72
11: ... ......................................................................................................... 73
12: - ..................................................... 74
13: , 2007 .................... 75
14: ........................................................... 75
15: - ............................................................ 77
16: - .................................................... 78
17: 13 .................................................................................. 84
18:
............................................................................................................................ 85
19: ......................................... 85


1: (QT/QT-4)............................................................................... 20
2: (QT/QT-1)............................................................................... 21
3: . ( ) ................................... 22
4: (
)............................................................................................................................... 22
5: (
)............................................................................................................................... 23
6:
' ( )........................................... 23
7: .. , , 2013- 2014
(. ) ............................................................................................................................. 25
8: (1 2014) ...................................................... 26
9: , , ......................................................... 32
10: ( . ) ........................................................ 34
11: ................................................ 34
12: SPREADS ( ) , ,
, ) ................................................................................................................. 35
13:
2014 ( . ) ...................................................................................................... 36
14: ( 1.1.2014) 2014
( . ) ............................................................................................................ 37
15: ( . ) ........................................... 40
16: ( . ) ....................................................................... 41
17: (2011-2013) ............................... 43



3871 2010 .
, ( , )
.
, :

. ,

,

.


. 2014.
(...), (..) (...).
.
, . , ,
.

, .
.
, .
, .


1. .
,
. H
. .
, .
, 2015 (. )
.
. .1 .
( , ) ,
, .

.
.2
2. .
, ,
( 2014).

(, ) ,
, .


.3
1

.
. Acemoglou, Daron and Robinson, J.A. Why nations fail, The Origins of power, Prosperity, and Poverty, Crown Business,
New York 2012. 2011. - . inclusive. ,
(rule of law)
. , . .
3
. A strategy for Growth. Medium-term Economic Strategy 2014-2010, Dublin 2013.
2

.
() 2015 , ()
() ,
.
, (.. ) .
, 4
.5 , .6 ,
. , .

(.. , ), (.. , ). .
, , . , , ,
7 8
, , . , () , ()
() , ,
.

Eurobank. . . .
, Eurobank Research 7 , 2.10. 2014. ,
.
5
12. 10.2014.
6
, ( )
.
7
, . Rapanos T.V. and G. Kaplanoglou
(2014) Governance, Growth and the Recent Economic Crisis The Case of Greece and Cyprus Cyprus Economic Policy Review,
vol.8 (1) Monastiriotis Vassilis (When) Does Austerity Work? On the Conditional Link between Fiscal Austerity and Debt
Sustainability Cyprus Economic Policy Review, vol.8 (1).
8
. IMF World Economic Outlook, October 2014, chapter 3.

: .
,
(. ).
, . . ,
, .
3. 2014.
( 2014) 2014 2015.
.
, : . 2014 , 0,6%.
1%
, 0,9%.
: ()
30% , ()
() () 2014
.
, , . ,
81
144 - 91 !9
,
, , , , .
,
, .

.
9

. World Economic Forum.

.
, 2010: .
.
. :

,
,

5 . 30%
(!)
,10

(562
2014) ,

, . , 85%
(5%).11

( ).12 (
), .
, ESM .
,
(..
)
.. (. ).
10

. . 4 .
.
12
. (- 2013) : ; . 65 -69.
11

10

;

, 2,4%
, 1,5% 2014, ().
,
(.. 25%
) .
,
, .
, 2014
30%

. 2015
, . ,
2015, , ( 13%
, 15%
42% 32%)
.13

.
4. 2015.
6 2014, 2015.
. 2015
0,2% 2,9% 2015 (
2,5% 3% []).

.
( 2015-2018),
( ). 13

. 79 6 2014.

11

, 1 .,
1,7 . 400 .
459 . . , ,
.14
2015 2,9%
2015! 2015
(
).
. , , 2,9%
2015. (. : ).15
, 2,9%.
1,6% 2013 ,
- . 30%
.
.
, .
(11.7%) (5.2%).
.

, .

.
, 2014
2015 .
5. .
, 2,9% 3,5% 2016 . -

. :
() ,
14
15

.
. (- 2013) ", ; ." . 65-69.

12

() ( )
()
() .
:
() .
, ,
. . 14
15
, .
, , .
,
.16
(.
). , . ,

, . , .
() .
, ,
, . , (.. , , , ), ,
, .
, . . , ,
, ,
, .
,
.

.
:
16

: 11-9-2014.

13

, ( ) (. 2013
70
.),

(),

( ), ( ),
( ), .

, ,
.
, , ,
. 4250/2014 ,
. ,
, .17
,
. ..


.
..
[] .18
.19
,
17

. , , (!), . 2014
, . , 4 !
18
. , : , , 3.8.2014.
19
20 2014 .

14

,
.
() .

. ,
, 20 . .

, : ,
15/10/2014 888,93,
31 2013 (884,60 ). 2014 , 18%. ,
10 .
8%,
7,83%.21

.
() .
:
() ,

. (.
)
.
() (, ).
,
, .
() .
,
.
6. .
20

. 11.10.2014
.
21
7% .

15

(= )
2012 2014. :
1.
, (
)
2.
3.
4. .
, 2015 2016 () .

. , 2015-16, 27,5 . ,
.22
, (.
). , . . , . , . ,
( spreads).
. , ( 4,95%
2%)
.
, ,
.
.
1%, 142 .
2022. 3,6% 22

. Fiscal Monitor IMF 2014, 6, 1.3.


10% 2015 4.3% 2016.
. , ( 5-7 ., 8 . ANFAS SNP,
) 11 . .

16

, 3 .
4,95% .
.
.
,
( spreads).
() .
,
.
, (..
),
,
. , .
( )
( ) . ,
. ..
. ,
(Debt Sustainability Analysis)
. 23
, :
(
),
!
, . , , .
,
,
( ),
, .
,
.
23

. .
. , ,
2014.

17

2014.
9%! , .
...
.24 ,
. ,
,
( ) .25
7. .
,

.

: ,
( ).

.26
.
.27 . ,
.
.
( ) (=)
! ,
, .
24

. , 18-19 2014

,
.
. ,
17.10.2014
26
. (.- . 2014) . 12-13.
27
. IMF World Economic Outlook, October 2014.
25

18

() ( ) .
, ,
, .
.
,
. ,
,
( )

.

19

1
1.1

. ,28 0,3% 2013. .


Eurostat 0,6% 2014
0,5%, .
2015 0,6% 2014.
1: (Qt/Qt-4)

2,0%
0,0%
-2,0%
-4,0%
-6,0%

-10,0%

2008 Q1
2008 Q2
2008 Q3
2008 Q4
2009 Q1
2009 Q2
2009 Q3
2009 Q4
2010 Q1
2010 Q2
2010 Q3
2010 Q4
2011 Q1
2011 Q2
2011 Q3
2011 Q4
2012 Q1
2012 Q2
2012 Q3
2012 Q4
2013 Q1
2013 Q2
2013 Q3
2013 Q4
2014 Q1
2014 Q2

-8,0%

: .


, .
,
29. 30
. , .
.. , 28

1-9-2014 2 2014
Eurostat 26-9-2014 seasonally adjusted and adjusted data by working days.
30
.
29

20

0,9% 2014, 1,6% 2015 1,9% 2016, .


1% . , 1,8%. ,
2% ( 2)31.
2: (Qt/Qt-1)

3
2,5
2
1,5
1
0,5
0
-0,5
-1
-1,5
-2
Q2-2012 Q3-2012 Q4-2012 Q1-2013 Q2-2013 Q3-2013 Q4-2013 Q1-2014 Q2-2014
:

1.2

,32 26,6%
2014, 27,3% 2013. . 26,4% 27,8% 2013 26,7% 2014.33
2013:
-

72.657
69.413 ,
,
, 52.105

3 .

31

(2-10-2014)
: 2014 (18-9-2014)
33
: 2014 (8-10-2014)
32

21

3: .
( )

30,0
25,0
20,0
15,0
10,0
5,0
0,0


4 ,

( 5)
4:
( )
80%
70%
60%

50%

15-19

40%

20-24
25-29

30%

30-44

20%

45-64

10%

65 +

0%
I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II
2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013 2014

: .

22

5:
( )
35%

30%

25%

20%

15%

10%

5%

0%
I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II III IV I II
2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013 2014

: .

( 6). . 952
327 .
6:
'
( )
100%



3
1

90%
80%
70%

1 - 2

60%
50%

3 - 5

40%
30%

6 - 11

20%
12
B 2014

2014

2013

2013

2013

2013

2012

2012

2012

2012

2011

2011

2011

2011

2010

2010

2010

2010

2009

2009

2009

0%

2009

10%

: .

.
34 .
34

IMF, World Economic Outlook, October 2014.

23


.
(25,8% 2015 23,8% 2016).
35 . 27%
2015. :

,

.
, :
i.
ii.
iii.

( )
(
)
( , )


,
.

, (. ) .
,
. ,
. .
1.3


36

2014
567 . (169 . 2013) -

35
36

OECD Employment Outlook 2014 . How does GREECE compare?


, , 2014

24

37

. ,
- 2014 15,6 ,
4% 2013. ,
28 . 2.2% 2013. - 2014 12,4
., 11,3% 2013. , 23,9%. 2014
4,3 ., 10,2% 2013 (3,9 .). , 9,4%. 2014 2,45
. 2,48 2013, 1.1%. ,
1,9%. 2014,
1,89 ., 29,4% 2013 ( , 19,4%).
( ) 2014 5,9% 2013 (2,05 . 2,18 . ). 6,1%. ,
( ) .. (-7,7%)
(-3,4%).
7: .. , , 2013- 2014
(. )

1600
1543,6

1513,9

1485,4

1500

1526,8
1500,3
1428,5

1416,1

1400

1351,3

1382,1
1300

1329,6
1275,4

1200

1197,2

1100

1123,8

: .

2013

1000

2014

38
39
37
38

, , : 2014, 25 2014
. , 2014

25

, .
,40
-
. (
) 1,8% 39,2% . , - -
.
8: (1 2014)

38,55%
(5,0 . )

2,15%
(281,9 . )

38,98%
(5,1 . )


3,67%
(481,33 .
)

16,65%
(2,18 . )

: , , 2014

,
, .
,41
15% . ,
,
.42 -

39

Thierry Tressel, Shengzu Wang, Joong Shik Kang and Jay Shambaugh (2014) Adjustment in Euro Area Deficit Countries: Progress, Challenges, and Policies, IMF, July, pp.13-14
40
, , :
5,9%, , 8 2014.
41
, , 26 , 2014
42
McKinsey & Co. (2012) Greece 10 Years Ahead: Defining Greece's New Growth Model and Strategy, Athens Office. November,
30, available online

26

,
.43

,
.


.
,44

,
. . ,
.45
;
.
1. 199046
1990, 2
- 5 . 3 ,
13% 3% 18%.47 ,

. 1993 1994-1997 5%.48
;
Boschma Sotarauta,49 ,
- . ,
. 43

. Dimitri B. Papadimitriou, Michalis Nikiforos and Gennaro Zezza (2014) "Will tourism save Greece?," Levy
Economics Institute of Bard College.
44
Klaus Schrader, David Bencek and Claus-Friedrich Laaser (2013) Greece: Back on Track?, Kiel Policy Brief, 68,
45
, , 2014, 32
46
Boschma Sotarota
(2005). Ron Boschma and Markku Sotarauta (2005) Economic policy from an evolutionary perspective: the case of Finland,
Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography 509, Utrecht University
46
Information and communications technology (ICT)
47
Lars Jonung, Jaakko Kiander and Pentti Vartia (2008) The Great Financial Crisis in Finland and Sweden. The dynamics of
boom, bust and recovery, 1985-2000, Economic Papers 350, December, 23
48
OECD (1999), Thematic Review of the Transition. From Initial Education to Working Life. Country Note: Finland. Paris: OECD,
p.3
49
Boschma and Sotarauta, ..

27

( , , ..). , . , 1980 . , .

, . -

-
. , - .
, , . , , . . Boschma Sotarauta
(evolutionary economic geography) - ,
. - (knowledge economy)
,
, ().50 ,
. ( ) (R&D)
51 -
. ,
, .

. Boschma Sotarauta,
.
1960 1980
. ,
. -
50
51

Information and communications technology (ICT)


Seppo Honkapohja, Erkki A. Koskela, Willi Leibfritz and Roope Uusitalo, Economic Prosperity Recaptured: The Finnish Path
from Crisis to Rapid Growth (Cambridge: MIT Press,2009), p.89

28

,
-
- . ,

. 1990, .

.52 ,
( ,
, ), ,
-
-
,

.
1.4


.
.
, .
2014,
, .

, , .
,
, . -
1985 1514/1985
. 2008 (3653/2008), .
. . ,
- 2011 -
, .53

52

- ,
53
, " ", , 7
2014 ( ) http://www.tovima.gr/opinions/article/?aid=628938

29


.

,
, - .
,
- -
.
.
1, ( - , ) .
- 54 (2014-2015) 4 55 -
/ ,

. ,
,
10 .
, , ERC. .
1.5

( )
56 . - - 2015,
-
. , (World Economic Forum),
. ,
91 2013-2014, 81 ( 144 ). - , 1.

54

Klaus Schwab and Xavier Sala-i-Martin (2014) The Global Competitiveness Report 2014-2015. World Economic Forum. Geneva, Switzerland.
55
, .. (5 ), (12), (14),
(15), (22), (45). ,
.
56
, 2014.

30

1: ()

2014-2015

2013-2014

85

103

36

38

135

147

41

35

118

127

44

41

49

47

85

108

130

138

39

39

74

83

79

87

,
- - (..
, , ).
- 109 - (70). ,
(114 ), - (111 ). ,
(..
(136 ), (135 )).
, -

- .
31

( ,
, , , ,
..) .
1.6

3 2014
. , 99,9
100,6 102,1 105,8, 104,6 103,6 .
,
2014, 99,3 .
,

100 , 2013. ,
.
9: , ,

110
105

103,8
101,9

100

104,6
102,1

102

101,2

100,4

106,4

106,3

105

100,6
103

98,1
99,4
97,7

95
90

91,7

103,6
99,9
99,3

92,9

91,6

85
80

,
2,6 ,
32

1,4 .
. , 0,7 ,
,
(+0,5),
(+0,3), (+0,2) (-0,3) (-0,9).
3 2014
( (-0,9),
(-0,4), (-2,6) . ,
, , .
99,3 102,0 103,0 . . ,
.
,
. ,
2014 .
.
1.7


spreads

2014 164,22 . ( 10). . ,


3 .
13--14. , ,
2015. , .

33

10: ( . )

165,00

164,22

164,00 163,41
163,00

163,25

162,67
162,39

163,22
163,02
162,10

162,21

162,00

161,35

161,00

161,40
161,03
161,02
160,54

161,04

160,38

160,00
159,00
158,00

, 2014
. , 11 2014
1,34%. , 5
3,97 .
2014 , . ,
o 1214,31
2014 1161,81 . ,
4,32% ( 11 ).
11:

1600
1400
1162,68

1200

1214,31
1310,41

1232,4

1188,17

1000

1161,81

1014,53

986,76

869,19

800

899,92

600
400
200
-14

-14

-14

-14

-14

-14

-14

-14

-14

-13

-13

-13

-13

-13

-13

-13

-13

-13

-13

-13

-13

34


. .
,
2014.
10 ( 2014)
6,81%, 4 . ,
spreads CDS ( 12).
12: Spreads ( ) , , , )

12
10,01

10
8,41
8,66

6,9

6,6
6
4

4,42
4,5

6,33
4,25

4,11

4,22

4,13

5,93

6,2

6,04

6,09

4,94
3,65
3,56

3,82
3,23
3,11

3,5

3,47
2,41
2,63

: E

,
() .
1.8

,
2014
70,16 . 38,5% ( 182,23 .).
60,48 .
2013 ( ).
- 2014 ( ) 9,68 ..
35

13:
2014 ( . )

12,000
9,683

10,000

8,654
7,237

8,000
6,225
5,198

6,000
3,562

4,000
2,000

4,325

2,356
0,962

0,000
.

: ,

( ) 0,92 . .
:

1,03 . ,
(
2013) 105 . , 60,48 .
60,59 . ,
( 1,34 . - 2014).

16%
30/6/2014 25% 31/12/201457.
14,16% 1,36 . 9,57 . 58.
59
1 . ( 2 .). ( ) 1,34 .

57

: To ( 1/12/2013) .
58
9,57 . 9,68 . (
2014) 0,107 ..
59
: ( ) (
1/1/2014),
30/11/2013. . 2013 .

36

14: ( 1.1.2014) 2014


( . )

1.600
1.400
1.139

1.200

1.336

994

1.000

852
702

800
561

600
400

1.238

401
205

200
0
.

: ,

,
, 60
283. 250 (
500 ).
, 61 ( )
2014 13,05%.
65%
.
62 ,
397 2014.
340, 680 .
28,8% 2014. O 2014 65%.
,
2014 547 .
307 ( ) 720 .
60

: (
) .
61
: ,
( , , .) .
62
: ( )
.

37


25,1%
2014. ,
2014 50%
.
, 2014, 63 203, 50.00064 126.

63

:
.3691/2008.
64
50.000 : 50.000 .3691/2008 ( ..U. 2.3.5.2 ) ( 01/08/2013
. 8 . 68 .4174/2013)

38

2: -- - .-. 2014

.-14 .-14 .-14 .-14 -14 .-14 .-14 .-14 .-14

205
401
561
702
852
994
1.139
1.238
1.336

(. ) 1
%

3
%

%

7
50.000

1.336

12,0%

13,1%

13,4%

14,2%

14,2%

41

38

18

33

283

8,5%

151,8%

57,7%

73,5%

75,9%

22,5%

16,5%

119,1%

1,2%

13,1%

51

44

30

47

71

48

47

16

43

397

646,0%

3,1%

28,8%

30

35

547

69,5%
89,3%
333,6%
33,6%
32,2%
24,5%
7,7%
& ( )
57
17
20
22
86
175
105
4

6,4%
9,0%
9,3%
10,1%
11,4%
& H
14
31
50
36
22

15,7%

179,3%

37,7%

55,8%

11,9%

4,4%

29,7%

37,4%

22,9%

25,1%

78

22

21

25

22

13

203

42

12

21

16

10

126

:
1. : ( ) ( 1/1/2014),
30/11/2013. . 2013 .
2. % : To ( 1/12/2013 )
.
3. : ( ) .
4. % : , ( , , .)
.
5. : ( ) .
6. % : , ( , , .) .
7. :
.3691/2008.
8. 50.000 : 50.000
.3691/2008 ( ..U. 2.3.5.2 ) ( 01/08/2013 . 8 . 68 .4174/2013)
9. /: 17,18 19 .2523/1997 .25 .1882/90
: ,

39

1.9

65 2014 3.931 . 532 .


11,92% 2014 ( 4.463 .) 202
. 4,9% 2013 ( 4.133 .). 2014 16 . 0,41% (. 15).
15: ( . )

10.000
9.000
8.000
7.000
6.000
5.000
4.000
3.000
2.000
1.000
0

8.743
7.489

4.616 4.753 4.709 4.604 4.588


4.133 4.463
3.915 3.931

,
2.260 . 2014 546 . 19,45%
2014 ( 2.806 .) 289 .
11,34% 2013 ( 2.549 .).
2014
33 . 1,4%. 2014 ( 873 .) 83 .
10,51% 2014 ( 790 .) 186 .
27,1% 2013 ( 687 .).
2014 54 .
6,6%.
745 . 2014 292 . 64,46% 2014 ( 453
65

: : ,
() (), (). ,
( ), , , ....

40

. ) 226 . 43,54% 2013 (


519 .)66. 2014
3 . 0,4%. (. 16).
16: ( . )

1000

901

900
800

742

724

700
531

519

600

453

500

745

666

437

549

459

400
300
200
100
0
-11 -12 -13 -14 -14 -14 -14 -14 -14 -14 -14
:

( ) 31/12/2012
9,5 ., , 2015, 31/8/2014
4,7 ..
2014
7,2 . ( 3), ,
.
3:
2014 ( . )


( )
( )
-

-


-

2014
1.145
1.773
1.526
1.294
534
127
6.399
793
7.192

: ,

66

( ),
90
.

41

1.10
Bertelsmann,67
28
( 17).

.
Bertelsmann,
35
: , ,
, ,
. , . , 28 , , ,
. 24
25 28 ( 4).
4: 28
.

28

28

28

28

24

25

: Bertelsmann Stiftung

67

. Schraad-Tischer Daniel and Christian Kroll (2014) Social Justice in the EU-A Cross-national Comparison Bertelsmann
Stifftung:

42

17: (2011-2013)

7.48

7.13

7.06

6.96

6.63

6.61

6.55

6.54

6.34

6.19

6.16

6.12

5.94

5.5

5.37

5.36

5.16

5.1

5.09

5.03

4.85

4.74

4.7

4.7

4.44

3.75

3.69

3.57

0
: Bertelsmann Stiftung

43

2.1

4262/2014 ,
, 68.
, (GCI) (WEF)69 - .
,
(
), , ,
.
( , , , , , , ).
, () .
, . Doing Business 2014,
17 ( 89 72 189 ), 111
( 147 36). , 14
11.1 . 33 ( 113 80). (registering property),
, . 10 ( 91 81).
-
70. , , 68


, .
69
2013 2014.
70
30 2014
.

44

- , ,
, .
2.2


, 71.
, 40 245 . 9 1 2014, 27 1
2015 4 ( 60 .) . 1,4 . 12
1 2015.
, ,
2014.
( ) . ()
() 4254/2014
4046/2012 , 30 2014.
4254/2014 9 , 1 4211/2013
1 2302/1998.
, ,
.

, 1 2015. ,

.

71

. The second economic adjustment program of Greece, April 2014, Fourth Review, . 147 Memorandum of
understanding on specific economic policy conditionality, 5.1.1.

45

3
3.1

( ) 2,77
. 1,5% ( ) 2,05 . 1,1% .
1,63 .
44,4% 2015-2018 ( 3,68 .)
2014.
, 240 . ( 3,41 . 3,65 . ) 0,13% 17 . 0,01%
2015-2018 2014.
, 2,53 .
1,39% ( ) 2,29 .
1,3% .
()
0,98 . 63,2% 2015-2018
( 1,55 .) 2014.
, 2015-2018 ( 3,66 .) 1,38 . 37,6% ( 2,29 . 1,3% ) 2014.

( ) 37,28 .
1,1% 2015-2018 ( 37,68 .)
2014.
33,87 . 327 . 1,0% 20152018 ( 34,19 .) 2014.
34,96 . 119 . 0,3%
2015-2018 ( 35,08 .) 2014.
( + )
32,11 . 567 . 1,7%
2015-2018 ( 32,68 .) 2014.
, 15,17 .
575 . 3,7% 2015-2018 (
15,75 .) 16,94 . 8
46

. 0,05% 2015-2018 ( 16,93


.).
, 190 . 2,0% 2015-2018 .
480 .
19,9% 416 . 7,6% . , 368
. 14,4%
25 . 1,5%
2015-2018 . 8 . 0,4% .
, 137 . 1,3%, 79
. 1,4%, 72 . 15,3%. O 22 . 8,5% 2015-2018.
42 . 0,4%
.
,
49 . 1,6%, 34 . 1,6%,
23 . 10,2% 2015-2018, 3 . 3,8%.
98 . 7,0%, 2015-2018 ( 1,41.) 1,51
..
304 . 13,2%
2015-2018.
, 3,41 . 76 . 2,2% 2015-2018 (3,48 .)
2014.

( ) 39,56 ., 1,78 . 4,3%
2015-2018 ( 41,34 .) 2014.
, 35,92 . 1,96 . 5,2% 20152018 ( 37,87 .) 2014 72,2%.

47

, 30,41 . 1,24 . 3,9% 20152018 ( 31,65 .) 2014 71,4%.


247 . 65,9% , 395 . 7,6%
70 . 11,8% 2015-2018.
, 3,65 .
181 . 5,2%
2015-2018. ( 3,47 .), 53,6% .
, ,
74,3% 2015-2018, , ,
75,9%, 63,8% 69,0%.
, .. 86,2%
, ... 85,6%, .... 72,7%, 72,0%,
.... 106,3%, - 74,0% .... 68,3%.
,
2014 1,78 . 4,3%,
1,24 .
3,9% , 2015-2018.

48

5: - : - 2014
-
2014

2013

2013

2013-2014

2014



2015-2018



2014


2015-18
/ 2013


/ /
2015
/
2013

20152018

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)=[(2)(3)]

(5)={[(2)(1)]/(1)}

(6)=[(4)/(3)]

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)={[(8)-(7)]/(7)}

(11)={[(9)-(7)]/(7)}

38.728

37.278

37.681

-403

-3,74%

-1,1%

53.019

55.935

54.695

5,5%

3,2%

34.716

33.870

34.197

-327

-2,44%

-1,0%

48.423

50.783

49.693

4,9%

2,6%

36.116

36.470

36.493

-23

0,98%

-0,1%

51.442

53.689

52.252

4,4%

1,6%

90

-100,00%

86

230

230

167,4%

167,4%

1.490

2.600

2.296

304

74,50%

13,2%

3.105

3.136

2.789

1,0%

-10,2%

2.

4.012

3.408

3.484

-76

-15,05%

-2,2%

4.596

5.152

5.002

12,1%

8,8%

..

3.951

3.353

3.350

-15,14%

0,1%

4.520

4.952

4.802

9,6%

6,2%

61

55

134

-79

-9,84%

-59,0%

76

200

200

163,2%

163,2%

41.386

39.563

41.341

-1.778

-4,40%

-4,3%

58.459

56.542

56.248

-3,3%

-3,8%

38.620

35.915

37.874

-1.959

-7,00%

-5,2%

51.809

49.742

49.448

-4,0%

-4,6%

32.259

30.407

31.648

-1.241

-5,74%

-3,9%

44.230

42.612

41.946

-3,7%

-5,2%

183

128

375

-247

-30,05%

-65,9%

529

533

583

0,8%

10,2%

765

522

592

-70

-31,76%

-11,8%

879

642

699

-27,0%

-20,5%

456

398

425

-27

-12,72%

-6,4%

514

439

466

-14,6%

-9,3%

309

123

166

-43

-60,19%

-25,9%

365

203

233

-44,4%

-36,2%

5.289

4.816

5.211

-395

-8,94%

-7,6%

6.044

5.900

6.150

-2,4%

1,8%

124

42

48

-6

-66,13%

-12,5%

127

55

70

-56,7%

-44,9%

. ( )

I.
(1+2)
1.
(+-)
.
.


II.

(1+2)
1.

(++++)
.
. ( )
. ,

( )


. ( )
. -

49

EFSF
2.


.
(2-2)

/
V.
(1-1)
A T /
V. (1-1+)

A T /
VI. (III)
/

V. (I-II+)
/

2.766

3.648

3.467

181

31,89%

5,2%

6.650

6.800

6.800

2,3%

2,3%

259

221

318

-97

-14,67%

-30,5%

783

700

700

-10,6%

-10,6%

2.507

3.427

3.149

278

36,70%

8,8%

5.867

6.100

6.100

4,0%

4,0%

1.246

-240

17

-257

-119,26%

-1511,8%

-2.054

-1.648

-1.798

-19,8%

-12,5%

0,7%

-0,13%

0,01%

-0,1%

-1,1%

-0,9%

-1,0%

-19,8%

-12,5%

-3.904

-2.045

-3.677

1.632

-3.386

1.041

245

-130,7%

-107,2%

-2,1%

-1,1%

-2,0%

0,9%

-1,9%

0,6%

0,1%

-130,7%

-107,2%

1.385

2.771

1.534

1.237

2.658

6.941

6.395

161,1%

140,6%

0,8%

1,5%

0,8%

0,7%

1,5%

3,8%

3,5%

160,9%

140,4%

-2.658

-2.285

-3.660

1.375

-5.440

-607

-1.553

-88,8%

-71,5%

-1,5%

-1,3%

-2,0%

0,8%

-3,0%

-0,3%

-0,9%

-88,9%

-71,5%

2.631

2.531

1.551

980

604

5.293

4.597

776,3%

661,1%

1,4%

1,39%

0,9%

0,5%

0,3%

2,9%

2,5%

182.231

182.231

182.231

182.054

182.231

182.231

182.054
:

-47,62%

100,07%

-14,03%

-3,80%

-44,4%

80,6%

-37,6%

63,2%

50

3.2



.
,
.
()
2014 5,86 ., 7,6%
2015-2018 7,5% . 2014
7,4 .,
7,3% 2013.
()

2014, 1,93 ., 480 .
19,9% . , 76,8% .
2014,
4,04 ., 140,5% ( ) 2013.
()
, .

2015-2018 14,4%
2014. 2,19 .. 8,8% 2013. 2014
3,84 .,
28,5% ( ) 2013. ,
(. ).
() ()
25,2% 2014, 2013. 2014 -

51

2,08 ., 26,5%
( ) 2013.
()


. 2014,
2013 1,1%. 2014 24,28 .
16,94 .,
0,05% 2013 1,4%.
()

- ( ) 2014.

2,9% 2013, 6,5% 2013 2012.
2014 14,25 . 1,3%
1,5% 2013. ,
9,4% 1,9% 2013.
22,3% 2013.
()
( 2015-2018) 9,03 . ,

2,41 .. 0,4% 2013.
, 2013
1,1%. 2,4%,
( ) 3,6% 11,0% 2013. 2014
1,14 ., ( ) 1,18 . 2013.
() ()

399 ., 11,3% 2013 15,3%
2014. , 2014
( 2015-2018) -

52

22,5% ( ) 2013.
()
76 . 2,2%
2015-2018
2014, 3,48 .
2014, 5,15 . 12,1% .
59,0%.
2014 3,35 . 3,95 .
2013 15,1%.
()
2014, 1,11 . 74,5% 2013 304 .
13,2% 2015-18.

53

6: - 2013
-
2013

2014

2013

2014

2014-2013


20152018


/

/ 2014


2015-18
/ 2013


/ 2014
/ 2013

20152018

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)=([2)(3)]

(5)={[(2)(1)]/(1)}

(6)=[(4)/(3)]

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)={[(8)(7)]/(7)}

(11)={[(9)-(7)]/(7)}

(1+2)

38.729

37.278

37.679

-401

-3,7%

-1,1%

53.019

55.935

54.695

5,5%

3,2%

1. (++-)

34.717

33.870

34.195

-325

-2,4%

-1,0%

48.423

50.783

49.693

4,9%

2,6%

. (+ + + IV)

32.889

34.963

35.082

-119

6,3%

-0,3%

47.172

49.916

48.705

5,8%

3,2%

13.916

15.171

15.746

-575

9,0%

-3,7%

20.066

22.568

21.574

12,5%

7,5%

1.

7.969

9.131

9.321

-190

14,6%

-2,0%

11.497

13.529

12.908

17,7%

12,3%

5.451

5.862

5.446

416

7,5%

7,6%

7.979

7.399

6.880

-7,3%

-13,8%

1.093

1.932

2.412

-480

76,8%

-19,9%

1.681

4.043

3.891

140,5%

131,5%

. ( )

1.425

1.337

1.463

-126

-6,2%

-8,6%

1.837

2.087

2.137

13,6%

16,3%

2.

2.011

2.187

2.555

-368

8,8%

-14,4%

2.991

3.842

3.937

28,5%

31,6%

3.

2.251

1.683

1.708

-25

-25,2%

-1,5%

2.826

2.078

1.967

-26,5%

-30,4%

5.
.
1.

1.685

2.170

2.162

28,8%

0,4%

2.752

3.119

2.762

13,3%

0,4%

17.182

16.941

16.933

-1,4%

0,05%

24.549

24.281

24.087

-1,1%

-1,9%

10.739

10.583

10.446

137

-1,5%

1,3%

14.666

14.245

14.040

-2,9%

-4,3%

10.152

10.127

10.085

42

-0,2%

0,4%

13.848

13.766

13.533

-0,6%

-2,3%

1.562

1.532

1.632

-100

-1,9%

-6,1%

2.224

2.343

2.410

5,4%

8,4%

500

453

456

-3

-9,4%

-0,7%

682

668

698

-2,1%

2,3%

8.089

8.142

7.997

145

0,7%

1,8%

10.942

10.755

10.425

-1,7%

-4,7%

587

456

361

95

-22,3%

26,3%

818

479

507

-41,4%

-38,0%

376

201

144

57

-46,5%

39,6%

503

172

200

-65,8%

-60,2%

210

254

210

44

21,0%

21,0%

313

299

307

-4,5%

-1,9%

2.

5.741

5.678

5.757

-79

-1,1%

-1,4%

8.995

9.034

9.134

0,4%

1,5%

243

236

231

-2,9%

2,2%

316

309

320

-2,2%

1,3%

39

61

42

19

56,4%

45,2%

56

55

48

-1,8%

-14,3%

54

2.946

3.018

3.067

-49

2,4%

-1,6%

4.228

4.334

4.384

2,5%

3,7%

( )

2.157

2.080

2.114

-34

-3,6%

-1,6%

2.908

2.893

2.990

-0,5%

2,8%

129

81

78

-37,2%

3,8%

1.183

1.139

1.057

-3,7%

-10,7%

227

202

225

-23

-11,0%

-10,2%

304

304

335

0,0%

10,2%

3.

450

399

471

-72

-11,3%

-15,3%

533

653

632

22,5%

18,6%

4. '

252

281

259

22

11,5%

8,5%

355

349

281

-1,7%

-20,8%

31.098

32.112

32.679

-567

3,3%

-1,7%

44.615

46.849

45.661

5,0%

2,3%

54

94

97

-3

74,1%

-3,1%

183

279

279

52,5%

52,5%

IV.

1.737

2.757

2.306

451

58,7%

19,6%

2.374

2.788

2.765

17,4%

16,5%

(II+V)

1.791

2.851

2.403

448

59,2%

18,6%

2.557

3.067

3.044

19,9%

19,0%

. (+++V)

3.228

1.507

1.409

98

-53,3%

7,0%

4.271

3.773

3.547

-11,7%

-17,0%

I.

682

607

568

39

-11,0%

6,9%

902

753

707

-16,5%

-21,6%

II.
/

331

268

214

54

-19,0%

25,2%

600

358

164

-40,3%

-72,7%

III.

33

52

47

57,6%

10,6%

54

54

35

0,0%

-35,2%

IV. .. /
/ (ANFAs & SMPs)

2.182

580

580

-73,4%

0,0%

2.715

2.608

2.641

-3,9%

-2,7%

90

-100,0%

86

230

230

167,4%

167,4%

(++)

36.207

36.470

36.491

-21

0,7%

-0,1%

51.528

53.919

52.482

4,6%

1,9%

1.490

2.600

2.296

304

74,5%

13,2%

3.105

3.136

2.789

1,0%

-10,2%

2.
(+)

4.012

3.408

3.484

-76

-15,1%

-2,2%

4.596

5.152

5.002

12,1%

8,8%

. ..

3.951

3.353

3.350

-15,1%

0,1%

4.520

4.952

4.802

9,6%

6,2%

61

55

134

-79

-9,8%

-59,0%

76

200

200

163,2%

163,2%

(+)
.

.
:

55

3.3

2014 5,74%
2013 , :
() .
0,2% 2014.
3%,
1,3%, 4,5% . , ( 2015-2018) 18,49 . 2014 18,42 .
2013, 2014 13,74 ..
() ()
8,29 . 2014,
9,82 . 2013 15,6% 76,9%
2014.

2014. ,
,
.
... 2,03 ., 10,3%
2013 ( 2,27 .) 85,6% 2014. 2014
( 2015-2018) 2,374 .
3,19 . 2013.
.... 27,4% 2014
2013, 106,3% ( 2015-2018) 2014. , 2014 0,8 ..
..... 563 . 2014 72,7% 2014. ,
2013 1,1 ., 2014 0,77 . 2014
30,1% 2013.
..., 2,11 . 2014
86,2% ( 2015-2018)
2014. 2013 3,19 . 2014 2,44 .
2014 23,4% 2013.
56


.
()
17,1% 2013.
, (
2015-2018) 1,56 . 19,3%
2013 ( 1,94 .). 3,9%
29% 2013.
0,52 . 2014,
31,76% 2013 ( 0,77 .)
70 . 11,8%
2015-2018.
128 .
2014, 247 . 65,9%
2015-2018 ( 375 .).
4,82 . 2014,
473 . 8,94% 2013 ( 5,29 .)
395 . 7,6%
2015-2018.
, EFSF 42 .
2014, 82 . 66,13% 2013 ( 124 .) 6 . 12,5%
2015-2018.

57

7: - 2013
-
2013

2014


2013

2014

.-.
2014-2013



2015-2018

/
/ / / 2014


2015-2018 2013

(%)

(1)

(2)

(3)={[(2)-(1)]/(1)}

(4)

(5)

(6)

{(7)=[(5)-(4)]/(4)]}

(8)=[(2)/(5)]

(1+ 2)

41.384

39.561

-4,4%

58.463

56.543

56.250

-3,3%

70,0%

1.
(+ + + IV+ V+
VI)

38.618

35.913

-7,0%

51.813

49.743

49.450

-4,0%

72,2%

I.
(+ + + + )

32.257

30.406

-5,7%

44.234

42.613

41.948

-3,7%

71,4%

. (1+ 2+
3)

13.763

13.738

-0,2%

18.424

18.487

18.413

0,3%

74,3%

1.

12.109

12.075

-0,3%

16.094

16.268

16.159

1,1%

74,2%

7.164

6.948

-3,0%

9.447

9.280

9.292

-1,8%

74,9%

104

104

0,0%

123

240

141

95,1%

43,3%

286

278

-2,8%

380

374

399

-1,6%

74,3%

4.360

4.558

4,5%

5.850

6.101

6.040

4,3%

74,7%

195

187

-4,1%

294

273

287

-7,1%

68,5%

2. ,
,

1.654

1.663

0,5%

2.330

2.212

2.247

-5,1%

75,2%

1.425

1.443

1,3%

1.892

1.805

1.843

-4,6%

79,9%

139

143

2,9%

237

263

263

11,0%

54,4%

57

46

-19,3%

90

85

85

-5,6%

54,1%

33

31

-6,1%

111

59

56

-46,8%

52,5%

,

3.

0,0%

58

. , , (4+ 5+ 6+ 7)

11.521

10.442

-9,4%

15.923

13.757

13.271

-13,6%

75,9%

41

34

-17,1%

67

58

58

-13,4%

58,6%

9.820

8.291

-15,6%

12.740

10.777

10.622

-15,4%

76,9%

2.532
2.265
828
827
1.170
465
356

2.106
2.032
563
720
850
396
352

-16,8%
-10,3%
-32,0%
-12,9%
-27,4%
-14,8%
-1,1%

3.190
3.191
1.108
1.040
1.440
535
477

2.442
2.374
774
1.000
800
535
515

2.442
2.230
774
1.000
800
535
505

-23,4%
-25,6%
-30,1%
-3,8%
-44,4%
0,0%
8,0%

86,2%
85,6%
72,7%
72,0%
106,3%
74,0%
68,3%

482

418

-13,3%

621

579

579

-6,8%

72,2%

653

628

-3,8%

795

516

516

-35,1%

121,7%

235
7

225
1

-4,3%
-85,7%

320
18

320
27

320
26

0,0%
50,0%

70,3%
3,7%

895

895

17800,0%

0,0%

1.021

1.022

0,1%

1.654

1.155

1.111

-30,2%

88,5%

639

1.095

71,4%

1.462

1.767

1.480

20,9%

62,0%

489

350

-28,4%

738

511

755

-30,8%

68,5%

54

451

443

443

-1,8%

12,2%

79

116

46,8%

139

190

190

36,7%

61,1%

71

92

29,6%

134

98

92

-26,9%

93,9%

483

525

4.344

3.602

8.

1.258

231




9.

4.
5.
...
...
.....
...
....
-
....


(
)


6.

7.




. (8+ 9+ 10)

10.

92,0%

-17,1%

6.338

5.645

5.370

-10,9%

63,8%

1.141

-9,3%

1.937

1.564

1.534

-19,3%

73,0%

159

-31,2%

372

260

260

-30,1%

61,2%

297

203

-31,6%

396

320

320

-19,2%

63,4%

730

779

6,7%

1.169

984

954

-15,8%

79,2%

818

850

3,9%

1.732

1.928

1.754

11,3%

44,1%

2.268

1.611

-29,0%

2.669

2.153

2.082

-19,3%

74,8%

1.888

1.400

-25,8%

2.155

1.771

1.700

-17,8%

79,1%

380

211

-44,5%

514

382

382

-25,7%

55,2%

59

2.629

2.624

5.289

4.816

I. EFSF

124

V.
( )

.
. ( )

V.

VI.
E
( )
2.

-0,2%

3.549

3.801

3.774

923

1.120

7,1%

69,0%

-8,9%

6.044

5.900

6.150

-2,4%

81,6%

42

-66,1%

127

55

70

-56,7%

76,4%

183

128

-30,1%

529

533

583

0,8%

24,0%

309

123

-60,2%

365

203

233

-44,4%

60,6%

456

398

-12,7%

514

439

466

-14,6%

90,7%

2.766

3.648

31,9%

6.650

6.800

6.800

2,3%

53,6%

259

221

-14,7%

783

700

700

-10,6%

31,6%

2.507

3.427

36,7%

5.867

6.100

6.100

4,0%

56,2%

0,0%

60

3.4

2014 240 .
1,25 . 2013. .. 3 . 2015-2018.
3,35 . 2014. 79 . 59,0%
2015-2018. , 3,65 .
2014 31,89%
2013 ( 2,77 .) 5,2%
2015-2018 ( 3,47 .).

61

:
: 72

, ,
.
,
, , . . .
, , , , , , . , , .
.
(E.E.E.),
2000 . 2005 ... .

.
4.1

, . .

.
...

. ...

(.

72

, ,

62

).73 ... ,
.
1992,
.
... , , , . ,
, 2014, 2015.
... : ()
() , .
, ,

. ...

.
.
...
. , ,
.

,
. ...
20
. . : () , ) ,
, ... , , . ,

73

: , : , 2010, .1-4 /,
-15, 9, 2010, . 9. (...) , . , ... .
... . ... , . ...
, . , ...
, (negative income tax), (social dividend
), (Participation income), (minimum
wage). Fitzpatrick, ... , ...

63

. ,
.
,
.
74 (, , , , , , , , , , , )
.
, (, , , , ,
) . (, , , , ) .
. (, , ) .75
.
.
.
.
. , ,
() .
.

. 50%
. . : ...

.

74

Missoc Analysis (2011), Guaranteed Minimum Income Resources, For the European Commission DG Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion, May 2011
75
: H. Frazer and E. Marlier (2009) Minimum Income Schemes Across EU Member States (Synthesis Report) for EU Network of National Independent Experts on Social Inclusion, available at:http://www.peer-review-social-inclusion.eu/networkof-independent-experts/2009

64

8:

: Missoc (2011).

8 .. -
. , . ,
. . ,
. ,
, . ,
-
.
/ ;
.. .
. , . ,
. ( , .. ).

65


top-up . ,
9:

top-up

( )

: Missoc (2011).

top-up .
top-up . ,
. .
,
. , ,
, .
, .
,
, , , , ,
.
.76

76

Missoc Analysis 2011, Guaranteed Minimum Income Resources, For the European Commission DG Employment, Social Affairs
Inclusion, May 2011:

66


( ). -
.
(, , ).
.. , , , (, ). , ,
, -,
2 3 , .

.. ,
.


. . , .. .
, 7 , 5 , 3 5
. , ,
, :
, , ,
, , .
.

.

, .

( ): , , . ,
. , , , , ,
, , , , , ,
, , . ,

67

, .77

, , . , , ,
, , , , , , , , . , , ,
. (, , ), ...
78.
.
... 16 , 18
, , , , , ,
, 25 , .

. ,
( 65 ) ( 60 ). 65 .79


. .


.80 . ,
.
. ,
. ,
...
77

Giannluca Busilacchi, The different regimes of minimum income policies in the enlarged Europe, BIEN conference,2008 ,
pp.5
78
Norwegian Children Act of 1981
79
European Parliament (2006), Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy, The role of minimum income for social inclusion in the European Union, pp.35
80
: European Commission, Recommendation of the European Commission of 3 October 2008 on the active inclusion of
people excluded from the labour market (COM(2008) 5737).

68


. ,
,
.
. , ,

, . , / . ,
,

. ,
, .
, ,
. -
. ,
,
.
, . ,

. , , .
,
:

:
, ,
.

:
, .

: ,

: (PCSA) ,

69

( ). ,
.81
" . ,
.
,

.
. . ,
.
,
, .82
. , , ,
. , 12 ...
....

,
.
, , ( ) . , . .

. .

.

. ,
.
.

81

www.eapn.ie/standards
Missoc Analysis (2011).

82

70

, .
. ,

.
.83
, , , , , . , " , ".

. , (
). , ,
.84
.
/ .
. 3,9% 1993 -1997 1,2%. , 2540% .
O / .
, , ,
16-24 .
; (, , , , , ) . ,

(, , , )
.
4.2

83
84

Ramon Pena Casas (2005), Setting minimum social standards across Europe, Working Paper I, EAPN, Ireland.
Hugh Frazer and Eric Marlier (2009), Minimum income Schemes across EU members states, Synthesis Report, October.

71

Sozialhilfe
, ,
. .
. ,
. , 65
.

.
.
:
1) ( )
2)
3) ' ( )
4)
5)
6)
:
1. : , , , , ,
( ),
(.. , , ) .
10:

345 ( ),
/
331( )
60%
14
207 ( ),
199( )
14

80%
276( ),
265 ( )

: http://www.sozialhilfe24.de

72

2. : .85
11: ...

65
65
12

17%

>
7 > 16

16%

35%

20 100

: http://www.sozialhilfe24.de

3.
4. ( ,
,
)
5.
.

85

European Parliament (2006) pp.68

73

12: -



Sozialhilfe ( )


345
100%
60% 14
80% 14
90% /


, .
/

: Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy


.
25 .
.
. 1988 ... :

(handicapped adult allowance)

(single parent allowance)

(integration allowance)

(Revenu Minimum d InsertionRMI)

...
, 74

.86
, /
. :

...
. , ..
( 2007)
.
13: , 2007
( )

387,96
555,48
555,48
662,61
662,61
794,87
838,95
971,21
1.015,29
1.147,55
1.191,63
1.323,89
176,34
176,34

440,86
661,29
793,55
969,89
1.146,23
1.322,57
176,34

661,29
793,55
925,81
1.102,15
1.278,49
1.454,83
176,34

: Report by the National Observatory on Poverty and Social Exclusion 2005-2006

. ,
. , ... 87
14:

Revenue Minimum d Insertion (RMI)

86

European Parliament (2006), pp. 28-32.


. , ,
, , 2004, .120

87

75


25
25, 25

3 , 3

440,86
100%
+50%
+30%
+30% 2
+40%

: Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy


, ,
,
.
1999
1999 2004, 39 305 , . 2004
, Reddito di ultimaistanza,
. 2001, ,
. , , ,
.. .


.
. 72%

76

, 20,3% 7,3% .
.. .88
,
.


. 2000-2003, 44.765
(. 60% ).
1,7%
.
, 28.000 : ,
. 43% ,
21% 10%
.89

15: -



Minimum income (Reddito di base o
reddito di cittadinanza)


/
,

: Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy

88

Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy, The Role of Minimum Income for Social Inclusion in the EU,2007, pp. 84
European Parliament (2006), pp. 85.

89

77


... 1996, , 2003 . ,90 . ... . ,
.
12 . . ... .
.. .
.

.
.. ,
.91 .. 5% ,
20% .
16: -



Social insertion income (Rendimento social de insero)


18 18


12


177,05
: 100%
: +100%
90

/ (2010), -15,
/9,, .40.
91
. Rodrigues, C. Farinha (2004), The redistributive impact of the Guaranteed Minimum Income in Portugal , Instituto Superior de Economia e Gesto - DE Working papers 9: http://pascal.iseg.utl.pt/~depeco/wp/wp092004.pdf
. : Pereirinha, J.(2006) Poverty and Antipoverty policies in Portugal: the experience of the guaranteed minimum
income, in Petmesidou, M. and Papatheodorou, C., Poverty and social deprivation in the Mediterranean: Trends, Policies
and Wealfare prospects in the Millennium, London/New York.

78

: +70%
: +50%
: +60%

: Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy


-
.


...

...
. , .

(Coverage

and take -up)

,
( ,
) . ,
.


.
79

4.3


., 2014 26,6%,
27,8% 27,3% 2013.
1.280.101 , . . 15-24
52%, . ,
2000.
.

60% . .
, 2013 432 908 . , 2013 60% 2009.
2013 665 1.397 . ,

. ( 2013), 233 684
.92
2,5 (23,1%),
( 60%). , 3,8
. Eurostat -28
.
(23,1%) ,
, .

92

. (2014), , . 4, .49-51,
; ;, , , 2014.

80

,
.93
, 94,
35 ,
. , (28,8% 2012), , , .95


.
- ,
, .
- -
.
(.
) (. ).
(2013),
.
, .

.
, 2013, 233.000
1.355.000 ,
17% . 2013
12%.
2001
(200 12 ).
,
12.000 , 45
12 . 4093/2012,
,

93

http://www.thetoc.gr/oikonomia/article/elstat-se-kinduno-ftwxeias-25-ekatommuria-ellines
OECD(2013), Crisis squeezes income and puts pressure on inequality and poverty in the OECD, Paris.
95
. (2014), : , . 5, . 59-66,
; ;, , , 2014.
94

81

45 20 ( 2014),
12.000 10.000 ( 586 ).96
, 97
.98 . ,
.99
,
.

( ). ,
(.. ).100, , ,
, .

,
, , . 101
102
: ,
. ,
. ,
. , 24 .
,
96

. , ,
, , 2004, .60
97
13%
98
35% 65
99
1989 .
100
,
.
101
. , ,
, , .84
102
(2013) : .
. .

82

... , . ... .

4093/2012 . ..
13 103 . 2013-2014 20 . . .. 200
.
100 50
. .. , 400 ( 11,12). , .
.
.104 2014, 15 .

105 .
... , 20%
, ,
. . , .
6.000 . , 360 .106 200 , 150 .

300 .
, ,
.
,
, ..
90.000 15.000 103

5 .
. ,
, 14.10.2014.
105
.
106
: , 24/8/2014
104

83

10.000 200.000
. , . ,
.. 4.800 2.000,
2.800, 233 .

.
6.000 .
,
.
.. , , .107
.108 ( ) .

.
, ,
, ,
, 109 .
7% 850 1 . .
17: 13





. -

:
107

1
3
109
, .
108

84

18:


()
1.500
3.000
4.500
4.000
5.000
5.500
5.000
7.000

1
2
2
3 (1 )
2 (1 )
4 (2 )
5 (2 )


()
25.000
90.000
105.000
115.000
125.000
125.000
145.000
120.000
155.000
170.000

200
75
50
0
400
67
133
0
83
116

19:




1
2
3
4
1
1 1
2
2 1
1
2
1
2

()
200
300
350
400
450
500
400
450
500
500
250
300
300
400

()
2.400
3.600
4.200
4.800
5.400
6.000
4.800
5.400
6.000
6.000
3.000
3.600
3.600
4.800



.. . , ,
...

(2014-2020) 2020
. ... 85

. 20% ..
, 75%.
(.3522/2007),
. ,
,

. .
.

,
... . . :

110

( , , , , )

.
.

110

., . -15
, , 2007

86

.

.., .
... , , .111

. , . , , .
. ,

( ).
:


( )

TAXIS, .

.
,
.112
.
.

111

, . (2009), : ; ,
01.02.2009
112
. .., 23/10/2013

87