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ACME (Xth PASS)

DATE : 16-06-2007

HINTS & SOLUTIONS


ANSWER KEY
Que s. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Ans. D A B B A D D A B C A C B B A
Que s. 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Ans. D A D B D C C A D C B A B A B
Que s. 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45
Ans. D C D C B C A C D C A C D B C
Que s. 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Ans. A D D C C D D A D C C C A B D
Que s. 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75
Ans. A B D A C C C B A B A C B D A
Que s. 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90
Ans. B D C D C A C B A B A C A C D

1. Since all the three triangles are on the same


base and between the same parallel lines 1 21
= +
have same area. 2 11
So, all triangle have the same area.
11 42
2. Price on the 3rd day = =
22
2 90 90
1000 × × × = 540 a 53
3 100 100 =
b 22
Hence, the price of the article on third day
a = 53, b = 22
= Rs. 540.
So, a + b = 53 + 22 = 75.

1 1 4. Perimeter of the PQR


3.  = PQ + QR + PR
2 1 1
 = PQ + QX + XR + PR
3 1
5
4 = PQ + QM + PR + RN
[QM = QX & XR = RN]
1 1
= + = PM + PN = 10 + 17 = 27cm.
2 1 1

3 1  20 5. OAB is an equilateral triangle since
4

1 1
= +
2 1 4

3 21
OA = OB = AB
1 Now, AOB = 60º
1
= + 74 1
2 21 So, ACB = AOB
2
ACB = 30º.

Page # 1
6. Checking from the options 10. DCE = 180º – 7x
option [D] is not possible. DEC = 180º – 8x
In triangle DCE
B 5xº + 180º – 7xº + 180º – 8xº = 180º
 10x = 180º
F  x = 18º.
7. G E
11.
A P
D C

Given : D is mid point AC and DE || AB.


So, by converse of mid point theorem E is mid M N
14
point of BC.
Since D and E are mid point of AC and BC
respectively so by mid point theorem DE is R
48 Q
parallel to AB and half of AB.
PR = 14 2  48 2 = 50
Now, D is mid point and DG is parallel to AF
so G is mid point of FC by converse mid point We can draw a circle pass through Q with
theroem. PR as diameter because we know that angle
So, all the three true. in a semicircle is 90º.
 MQ = MR = MP = 25
8. P(x) = x 3 – c 2x 2 + 5x – c
Draw MN || RQ.
Divisible by (x – 1) and (x – 2) both,
M is the mid point of PR and MN || QR.
 P(1) = 0 and P(2) = 0
 N will be also the midpoint of PQ.
P(1) = 0
 PN = NQ = 7 cm.
(1)3 – c 2(1)2 + 5(1) – c = 0
In MNQ
1 – c2 + 5 – c = 0
c2 + c – 6 = 0 NQ 7
cos = = .
(c + 3)(c – 2) = 0 MQ 25
c = – 3, c = 2
12. Given, Sx ... (i)
P(2) = 0
1
(2)3 – c 2(2)2 + 5(2) – c = 0 and S  ... (ii)
y2
8 – 4c 2 + 10 – c = 0
From (i) & (ii)
4c 2 + c – 18 = 0
4c 2 + 9c – 8c – 18 = 0
x
c(4c + 9) – 2(4c + 9) = 0 S 
y2
(c – 2)(4c + 9) = 0
kx
9 S= [Where k is any constant]
c = 2, c = – 
y2
4
c = 2 is common. When,
So, c = 2. S = 9, x = 12, y = 2
A
k  12
9=
22
 k=3
F E
When x = 18, y = 3 then,
9.
3  18
B C  S= = 6.
D 32
1 1 1 13. Let two similar triangle are ABC and DEF.
AB × CF = BC × AD = AC × BE
2 2 2 2
AB × 12 = BC × 15 = AC × 20 = K Area of ABC  AB 
then Area of DEF =  
 DE 
K K K
AB = : :
12 15 20 12 4
5:4:3
 Area of DEF = 9
So, they form a Pythagorus triplet
12  9
 Largest angle is 90º  area of DEF = = 27.
4
Page # 2
14. Let the smaller number = x and larger no. = y 19.
So, y–x=2 ...(i) C
xy = 84 + x2 ...(ii)
From (i) & (ii) 15
x(x + 2) = 84 + x2 y
 x = 42 D
From (i) y = 44
 x + y = 86. 9

A B
x
15. As no hens more, so the no of eggs more
x 9 3
As no days more, so the no. of eggs more.
y = 15 = 5 [By internal bisector theorem]
So, hens and days are in direct proportion.
H1 = 4, E1 = 4, D1 = 2 In ABC
AC2 = AB2 + BC2
H2 = 6, E1 = ?, D2 = 3
y2 = x 2 + 242
H1 D1 E1 9 2

H2 D 2 = E 2 y2 =
25
y + 476

16 2
4 2 4 y = 476
  = 25
6 3 E2
476  25
y2 =
4 63 16
 E2 = = 9.
42 24  5
y= = 30 unit
4
16. G.C.D of (a, b) = D 3
 x= × 30 = 18 unit.
L.C.D of (a, b) = M 5
So, ab = MD 20. x2 + 2 ( 3  1) x + 3 – 2 3 = 0

ab  ab  =2– 3 then  = ?
ab = ×D M  2 
2   b
Now,  +  = –
D = 2. a

2 3 2
 
17. In ACD, CDA = CAD [AC = CD] =–  1 
 
 CDA = BAD + DBA
[By exterior angle property]  (2 – 3)+=2–2 3
 CAD =BAD + DBA =–
 3.
Now,
 CAB = CAD + DAB 21.
 CAB = DAB + DBA + DAB
D C
 CAB = 2DAB + ABC
 CAB – ABC = 2DAB x
 30º = 2DAB
P 90° 5
 DAB = 15º.
5–x

18. Necessary and sufficient condition that the three


A 12 B
triangles formed have equal areas, is that the 5
point be the intersection of the medians.
In DPC
DC2 + DP2 = PC2 ... (i)
In APB
AP2 + AB2 = BP2 ... (ii)
Add (i) and (ii)
DC2 + DP2 + AP2 + AB2 = PC2 + BP2
Page # 3
22. On squaring both side
2 2
 12   12  x2 + 2x + 1 = px
  + x2 + (5 – x)2 +   = BC2
5 5 x2 + x (2 – p) + 1 = 0
For due root, D = 0
144 144  b2 – 4ac = 0
+ x2 + 25 – 10x + x2 + = 25  (2 – p)2 – 4 = 0
25 25
 (2 – p – 2) (2 – p + 2) = 0
 p(p – 4) = 0
288
2x2 – 10x + =0  p = 0 & 4.
25
50x2 – 250x + 288 = 0
23.
25x2 – 125x + 144 = 0 D G C

125  (125 )2 – 4  25  144 F


x=
50

125  15625 – 14400 B


= A E
50
1
Given : AE = DF = CG =
3
125  1225
x= 1 2
50  BE = DG = AF = 1 – =
3 3
Area of EFG = Area of square – area of AFE
125  35 – Area of DFG – Area of trapezium EBCG.
x=
50
1 1 2 1 1 2
Taking +ve sign = 1 × 1 – × × – × ×
2 3 3 2 3 3
125  35 160 1 1  2
x= = = 3.2 –   ×1
50 50 2 3 3
Taking – ve sign 1 1 1
=1– – –
125 – 35 90 9 9 2
x= = = 1.8 18  2  2  9 5
50 50
= = .
If x = 3.2, then 18 18
24. For repeated roots .
BP = ( AP )2  ( AB )2 We have discriminant = 0
 b2 = 4ac
2  a2 = 4 × (a – d)(a + d)
 12 
=
2
(5 – 3.2)     a2 = 4a2 – 4d2
5  4d2 = 3a2
2
d2 3  3
144  = =   = cos230º.
= (1.8) 2  a2 4  2 

25

81 144 n(n  1)
=  =3 25. If n is an integer, then will always be
25 25 2
an integer.
PC = (DC)2  (DP)2
26. P + Q + R + S + T + U
2
= (P + Q ) + (R + S) + (T + U)
 12 
=    (3.2)2 QOS + SOU + UOQ
5 = 360º.
27. Least prime factor of number m is 3 and least
144 256 20
=  = =4 prime factor of another number n is 7.
25 25 5 So, least prime factor of the number (m + n) is 2.
 BP + PC = 3 + 4 = 7 cm. 28. The number of super primes less than 15 is 2,
3, and 7.

Page # 4
29. 4x2 – kx – 1 = 0 Percentage change in Volume
satisfy the roots sina & cosa then
V2 – V1
4sin2a – k sin a – 1 = 0 ...(i) =
4cos2a – kcosa – 1 = 0 ...(ii) V1 × 100
(i) + (ii), 4 – k(sina + cosa) – 2 = 0
9 2
k (sina + cosa) = 2 ...(iii) r h – r 2h
(i) – (ii), 5  100
=
4(sin2a – cos2a) – k (sina – cosa) = 0 r 2h
 (sina – cosa)[4(sina + cosa) – k]
9 
 sina = cosa & 4(sina + cosa) – k = 0 r 2h – 1
So, 4(2sina) = k =  5 
2
 100
r h
k
sina = = cosa
8 9–5
=  100
Putting in (iii) 5
k  4  100
k   =2 = = 80%.
4 5
34. d456d divisible by 18
k= 8 =2 2.  d456d divisible by 9 and
 d + 4 + 5 + 6 + d = 15 + 2d divisible by 3
30. 1 2  3  4  x = 10  x So, there are 3 possible value of d i.e. 3, 6, 9
but d should be even.
x which make 10  x an integer is 6, 15, 26,
So value of d = 6.
39, 54, 71 and 90.
So, number of positive integers = 7. 35.
D C
31. 3 + 2= 180º
and 2 +  = 100º
Solving (i) and (ii)
 = 20º
and 40º +  = 100º
 = 60º.
  > , sec = sec60º = 2. A 10 B
Given : AB = 10 cm
tan 3(20º) = 3 and d1 – d2 = 4
1
1 But, area of Rhombus ABCD = × d1 × d2
and sin ( – ) = sin 40º  2
2
1
So, option D is wrong. = × (4 + d2) × d2
2

32. 584 286 = 4 (5 × 2)84 d12 d 2


Also, + 2 = AB2
= 4 (10)84. 4 4
So, N = number of digits in the number 584  286 d12 + d22 = 400
= 85. (4 + d2)2 + d22 = 400
16 + 8d2 + 2d22 = 400
33. Let radius = r and height = h 2d22 + 8d2 – 384 = 0
r 3 d22 + 4d2 – 192 = 0
New radius = r + = r d22 + 16d2 – 12d2 – 192 = 0
2 2
d2 (d2 + 16) – 12(d2 + 16) = 0
20h 4h (d2 + 16) (d2 – 12) = 0
New height = h – =
100 5 d2 = 12, d2 = – 16
Volume of original cylinder (V1) = r2h d1 = 4 + 12 = 16.
3 
2
 4h  1
Volume of new cylinder (V2) =  r ×  
  So, area of rhombus = × 16 × 12 = 96cm2.
2   5  2

9 2 4h
=× r ×
4 5
9 2
= r h
5
Page # 5
36. First group are even numbered consists of boy
and a girl. 24  300
=
So, there will be either 4 boys and 5 girls or 5 2
boys and 4 girls.
First group are odd numbered consists of boys. 24  10 3
=
So, there will be 10 boys. 2
Total number of boys will be either 14 or 15.
= 12 ± 5 3
37. 6! = a! × b!
6×5×4×3×2×1 = 6 × 5! x= 12  5 3
= 3! × 5!
So, AB have two irrational value.
a = 3, b = 5
a + b = 3 + 5 = 8.
40. Let the no. of adult are A
38. 22x – 8. 2x + 12 = 0 and no. of children are C
Let 2x = a
a2 – 8a + 12 = 0 1
when of adults left the picnic
(a – 6)(a – 2) = 0 5
a = 6 or a = 2
4
2x = 6 x1 = log62 or A, adults remaining
5
2x = 2 x2 = 1 or x2 = log22 . 4
A 2
 5 =
 x1 + x2 = log62 + log22 C 3

= log2(6 × 2) = log212. A 2 5 5
39.  = × =
C 3 4 6
A
5
 A= C
6

D
When 44 children left, then
C
B

Let AB = x C  44
2
4
BC = y A = 5
ABC ABD [By RHS] 5

1 2 4
Area of ABC = ar ACD  C – 44 = × A
2 5 5

= 11 2 4 5 5
 C – 44 = × × C [A = C]
5 5 6 6
1
xy = 11 4
2  C – 44 = C
15
xy = 2 11
11
In ABC  C = 44
15
x 2 + y2 = (2 6 )2 = 24
15
 C = 44 × = 60.
11
44
x2 + = 24.
x2 5
 A= × 60 = 50.
x4 + 44 = 24x 2 6
x4 – 24x 2 + 44 = 0 So, no. of person remaining at the picnic

24  476  176 4 4
x2 = No. of adult = A= × 50 = 40
2 5 5
No. of children = C – 44
= 60 – 44 = 16
So, person remaining = 40 + 16 = 56.
Page # 6
41. 3
A 2sinx cosx = 
4
x 3
P sinx cosx = 
N 8
 1 – 2sin2xcos 2x
x = 1 – 2 (sinx cosx)2
C y M y B 2
 3
= 1 – 2  
Let AN = NC = x  8
and MC = MB = y
Area of APN = 2 9 9
=1–2× =1–
64 32
1
× PN × AN = 2 23
2
= = .
PN × AN = 4 32  9 32

4 32
PN =
x 2a  b 1
44. =
a  3b  c 2
4
y= [ MC = PN = y] 4a + 2b = a + 3b + c
x 3a = b + c
xy = 4 c = 3a – b ...(i)
Area of ABC
c b 1
1 =
= × BC × AC c ba 3
2 3c – 3b = c – b + a
[BC = 2MC = 2y and AC = 2x] 2c = 2b + a ...(ii)
From equation (i) & (ii)
1
= × 2y × 2x 2(3a – b) = 2b + a
2  6a – 2b = 2b + a
= 2xy  5a = 4b
= 2(4) = 8 cm2.  a:b=4:5
Now, let a = 4x and b = 5x
42. Longest kick = 43 m
Then, c = 12x – 5x = 7x
Average of 3 kicks = 37 m
Hence, a : b : c = 4 : 5 : 7.
 Total distance in 3 kicks = 37 × 3 = 111 m
111  43 45. L(m, n) = LCM of 1400 and 1760
 Two kicks of same length =
2 = 40 × 35 × 44
G(m, n) = GCD of 1400 and 1760
68
= = 34 m = 40
2
1 L(m, n)
43. If sinx + cosx =  F(m, n) =
2 G(m, n)
Then, sin4x + cos 4x
= (sin2x + cos 2x)2 – 2sin2x cos 2x 40  35  44
= = 1540.
= 1 – 2sin2xcos 2x 40

1 46. Radius of path, r = 3.5m, time, t = 5s


Given, sinx + cosx =
2 1
Squaring both sides He complets circle with speed, v
4
1
sin2x + cos 2x + 2sinxcosx = 2r 2  22  3.5
4 So v =  = 1.1 m/s
45 7 45
1 49. Steam has more energy in the form of latent
1 + 2sinx cosx =
4 heat.
1
2sin cosx = –1
4
Page # 7
50. On adding another resistance (R) in parallel, 65. Maximum resistance = 1 + 1 + 1 = 3
the equivalent resistance will decrease.
1
Minimum resistance =
1 3
Here v is constant so, I 
R
Current drawn from battery will increase Req = 1.5

Force  length M1L1T 2  L1


52.  = M0L0T0 Req = 2/3
mass  (speed)2 M1L2 T 2
so 1 is not possible

Force Wt. of block R


55. Pressure =  a = 2m/s2
Area Area 66.
800 g
It all is vertical then area will be minimum, so
pressure will be max. 800g – R = 800 a
R = 800 (g – a) = 6400 N = 6.4 kn up
56. Time in the clock will be
69. Strip 2 will bout more
11: 60 – 4 : 10 = 7 : 50
   = 0  t
57. Charge in quantatised or   
4.5 × 10–19 C charge has so 2 >1 or 1 >2
4.5  10 19 74. Let x be the relative abundance of A12.
19 = 2.8 electrons
1.6  10 10  10  (90 – x )  11  x  12
11.5 =
It is not possible 100
1150 = 100 + 990 – 11x + 12x
= 1090 + x
58. Power, P = 10 W x = 1150 – 1090 = 60
Speed, V = 2 m/s  Relative abundance of heaviest isotope is
 P=F×V 60%

P 10 77. Empirical formula of a compound is the sim-


F=   5N plest ratio of atoms of elements present.
V 2
 empirical formula = C12O12H

0.2 80. pH = – log10 [H+]


59. Amplitude = = 0.1 m Concentration of H2SO4 = 0.05 M
2
Since H2SO4 is dibasic acid,
1.8  [H+] = 2 × 0.05
Wavelength,  =  0.6 m = 0.1 or 10–1
3
pH = – log10 [10-1]
=1
60. Change in termperature = 100ºC
79. Atomicity of phosphorus is 4, that of sulphur is
62. M = 5 kg, u = 6 m/s 8 while that of ozone is 3.
F = 100N, v = 10 m/s
1 2 1 2
Work done = change in kinetic energy= mv – mu 78. 1 mole oxygen atoms weigh 16 g
2 2
16  0.15
1  0.15 mole oxygen atoms weigh = 2.5 g
= × 5 (102 – 62) = 160 J 1
2 6.0.22 × 1023 molecules of oxygen gas weigh 32 g
 6.022 × 1022 molecules of oxygen gas weigh = 3.2 g
63. Change in momentum = f × t
m (v – u) = 100t 1 mole of sulphur molecule weigh 256 g
1  0.05 mole of sulphur molecule weigh 256 × 0.05
5 (10 – 6) = 100t t = = 0.2s = 12.8 g
5

Page # 8
81. Mass defect = [94.2 + 103.8 + 2 (1.009)] –
[200.009 + 1.009]
=1
Energy in MeV = 1 × 931
= 931 MeV

84. Alkaline hydrolysis of an ester is saponifica-


tion while the reaction between an acid and an
alcohol is esterification.

85. The decreasing order of the given metals is -


Mg > Zn > Pb

86. The balanced equation is


Fe2O3 + 3CO  2Fe + 3CO2
Thus, 2 moles of Fe2O3 will react completely
with 6 moles of CO.

87. If the stoichiometric equation of reaction is di-


vided by 2 then the relation between K and K’ is
-
K’ = K
K = ’
16
=4
88. Atomic no. = no. of protons
 atomic no. = 6
As the no. of electrons (8) is more than that of
protons (6), so the space carries negative
charge of 2 units.

90. Combustion reactions are always exothermic


in nature.

Page # 9

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