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Advances in Advances in Advances in Advances in Advances in Advances in

Manufacturing Technology Manufacturing Technology


Advances in Advances in
Manufacturing Technology Manufacturing Technology
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D l t f M f t i T h l D l t f M f t i T h l Development of Manufacturing Technology Development of Manufacturing Technology
Manufacturing Technology was developed over ages Manufacturing Technology was developed over ages
Even the stone age man Even the stone age man one of the earliest known human one of the earliest known human gg
being, was using stone as his tool being, was using stone as his tool
Egyptians used manufacturing tools while building pyramids Egyptians used manufacturing tools while building pyramids
Lathe is one of the oldest machines used in manufacturing Lathe is one of the oldest machines used in manufacturing
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Introduction of computers revolutionarized Introduction of computers revolutionarized Introduction of computers revolutionarized Introduction of computers revolutionarized
the manufacturing technology the manufacturing technology
Computer Aided Design (CAD) Computer Aided Design (CAD) Computer Aided Design (CAD) Computer Aided Design (CAD)
Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM)
C t Aid d P Pl i (CAPP) C t Aid d P Pl i (CAPP) Computer Aided Process Planning (CAPP) Computer Aided Process Planning (CAPP)
Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)
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NC Technology NC Technology 1952 1952 NC Technology NC Technology -- 1952 1952
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Robotics Robotics -- 1960 1960 Robotics Robotics 1960 1960
C t Aid d D i C t Aid d D i 1965 1965 Computer Aided Design Computer Aided Design -- 1965 1965
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R id t t i R id t t i 1980 1980 Rapid prototyping Rapid prototyping - - 1980 1980
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A t t d G id d V hi l A t t d G id d V hi l 1970 1970 Automated Guided Vehicles Automated Guided Vehicles 1970s 1970s
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A t t d St d R t i l S t (ASRS) A t t d St d R t i l S t (ASRS) Automated Storage and Retrieval System (ASRS) Automated Storage and Retrieval System (ASRS)
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High Speed Machining High Speed Machining High Speed Machining High Speed Machining
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Virtual Manufacturing Virtual Manufacturing -- 1990 1990 Virtual Manufacturing Virtual Manufacturing 1990 1990
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Green Manufacturing Green Manufacturing Green Manufacturing Green Manufacturing
Method Method for for manufacturing manufacturing that that minimizes minimizes waste waste and and pollution pollution
achieved achieved through through product product and and process process design design
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Micromachining Micromachining Micromachining Micromachining
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Micromachining
Emerging miniaturization technologies have been perceived by many Emerging miniaturization technologies have been perceived by many
as potential key technologies of the future as potential key technologies of the future
Nowadays, miniaturization techniques have become a trend in Nowadays, miniaturization techniques have become a trend in
product design and manufacturing product design and manufacturing
By miniaturization, efforts are made to increase the utilization of By miniaturization, efforts are made to increase the utilization of
equipment and systems to produce micro equipment and systems to produce micro--scale components and scale components and
products products products products
Miniature components are increasingly needed for a wide range of Miniature components are increasingly needed for a wide range of
application in the various fields application in the various fields app cat o t e va ous e ds app cat o t e va ous e ds
such as biotechnology, aerospace, semi such as biotechnology, aerospace, semi--conductor industry, conductor industry,
electronics, medical robotics, optics and consumer products electronics, medical robotics, optics and consumer products
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Micro products
Mini Petrol Engine Ultrasonic micro motor
Micro shaft
Fib ti t
Microservocomponents
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Fiber optic connectors
Micro servo components
Mi hi i Mi hi i Micromachining Micromachining
Micromachining Micromachiningis the name for is the name for
thetechniquesusedtoproducethe thetechniquesusedtoproducethe the techniques used to produce the the techniques used to produce the
structures and moving parts of structures and moving parts of
micro engineered devices. micro engineered devices.
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Existing methods for manufacturing miniaturized parts:
i l h i l f b i i h i Micro electro mechanical fabrication techniques
Ultra-precision machining methods
Limitations Limitations
Fabricate 2D and 2 D components with silicon, its
alloys and certain polymers
Aspect ratio (size of component /size of machine) is very
low and utilization of resources is less
Micro machines with conventional machining techniques
Parts range: 10 to 10,000 microns
Tolerancerange: 01to10microns Tolerance range: 0.1 to 10 microns
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Ad t f i hi Advantages of micro machines
Increased productivity
High efficiency in utilization of resources g y
Low power consumption
Flexibility e b ty
Low cost
Use various materials including steel and its Use various materials including steel and its
alloys, ceramics, polymers.
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Micro machines with conventional
machiningtechniques
Micro machines with conventional
machiningtechniques machining techniques machining techniques
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Micro tools
Micro tools
(0.2, 0.5 and 1.0 mm radius)
Air spindle
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Future trends Future trends
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ffff Desktop Desktop and Mobile factories and Mobile factories Desktop Desktop and Mobile factories and Mobile factories
Concepts of process- and assembly technology
t d th d ti f ll d t f bi towards the production of small products of cubic
centimetre size on miniaturised machinery, on the
top of a desk and on mobile vans top of a desk and on mobile vans
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