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COURSE OUTLINE and Case List

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW I
Arellano University School of Law
Atty. Roel Pulido
I. Introduction (Session 1)
A. Nature of the Constitution
B. Changing the Constitution
Lambino v Comelec, G.R. 174153 (2006)
II. Interpreting the Constitution (Session 2)
A. Role of the Judiciary as interpreter of laws
Constitution, Article VIII, Sections 1 and 5
Marbury v Madison, 5 US 137
Angara v Electoral Commission, 63 Phil 139 (1936)
B. Rules of Interpretation
Francisco v House of Representatives, G.R. 160261 (Nov. 10, 2003)
C. Requisites of Judicial Review

Actual case or controversy

Mariano v Comelec, G.R. 118577


Montesclaros vs Comelec, G.R. 152295 (2002)

o Facial Challenge

Estrada v Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 148560 (2001)

o Political Question
o Moot and academic
Gonzales v Narvasa, G.R. 140835 (2000)
Lacson v Perez, GR 147780 (2001)
Defunis v Odegard 416 US 312 (1974)
o Exceptions to the moot and academic rule

David v Arroyo

Standing
o KMU Labor Center v Garcia, G.R. 115381 (1994)
o IBP v Zamora GR 141284 (2000)
o Tanada v Tuvera 136 SCRA 27 (1985)
o Ople v Torres 293N SCRA 141 (1998)

o Standing as a Technicality
Information Technology Foundation v Comelec, GR
159139 (2004)
Kilosbayan v Guingona, 232 SCRA 110 (1994)
Earliest Opportunity
o Need to notify Solicitor General
Mirasol vs CA GR 128448 (2001)
o Symbolic Decisions
Salonga v Cruz Pano 134 SCRA 438
D. Effects of declaration of unconstitutionality
Serrano de Agbayani vs PNB, 38 SCRA 429 (1972)
Salazar v Achacoso, 183 SCRA 145
III. The Philippines as a State (Session 3)
A. Elements of a State
B. The Philippines as a State
1. Territory
Article I
Reagan v CIR, 30 SCRA 968 (1969)
People v Gozo 53 SCRA 476
2. People
Article II, Sections 1, 4, 15, 16
Article III, Sections 1,2 and 7
Article VII Section 4
Article XVI Section 2
Article XVIII Section 25
3. Government
Section 2, Administrative Code
People v Sandiganbayan, GR 145951 (2003)
MIAA v Court of Appeals GR No. 155650 (2006)
o Constituent v Ministrant Functions
Valmonte v Belmonte, 170 SCRA 256
o The Concept of Parens Patriae
Cabanas v Pilapil, 58 SCRA 94
4. Sovereignty

Macariola v Asuncion, 114 SCRA 77


Harvey v Commissioner, 162 SCRA 840

C. Philippine Citizenship

Lee v Director of Lands, G.R. 128195 (2001)


Republic v Chule Lim, GR No. 153883
Calilung v Datumanong, GR 160869
Republic v Nora Sagun, GR 187567 (2012)
In Re Ching, Bar Matter 914 (1999)
Co v HRET 199 SCRA 692
Bengson v HRET, GR 142840
Frivaldo vs COMELEC 257 SCRA 727(1996)
Nicholas-Lewis v Comelec, GR No. 162759 (2006)
Aznar v Comelec, GR No. 83820, (1990)
Valles v Comelec GR No. 137000 (2000)

D. The Doctrine of State Immunity (Session 4)


1. Suits vs the Philippine State

Article XVI, Section 3


Republic v Feliciano, 148 SCRA 424 (1987)
Philippine Agila Satellite v Lichauco, G.R. No. 134887 (2006)
Sayson v Singson 54 SCRA 282)
Republic v Purisima 78 SCRA 470 (1977)
PNB v CIR, 81 SCRA 314 (1978)
SSS v CA, 120 SCRA 707 (1983)
Rayo v CFI, 110 SCRA 450 (1981)
Farolan v CTA, 217 SCRA 298 (1993)
Republic v Sandiganbayan, GR No. 85384 (1990)
Froilan v Pan Oriental Shipping , 95 Phil 905 (1954)G.R. L-6060
Lim v Brownell 107 Phil 344 (1960)
Santiago v Republic, 87 SCRA 294 (1978)
Amigable v Cuenca 43 SCRA 360 (1972)
Torio v Fontanilla 85 SCRA 99 (1978)

2. Suits vs Foreign States

The Holy See v Rosario, (December 17, 1994)


USA v Ruiz, 136 SCRA 487 (1985)
Minucher v CA, GR No. 76609 (1990)
Rep. of Indonesia v Vinzon, GR 154705 (2003)

WHO v Aquino, GR No. L-35131 (1972)


DFA v NLRC, GR No. 113191 (1997)

3. Suits against Public Officers

Animas vs PVAO, 174 SCRA 214


USA v Reyes, GR No. 79233 (1993)
Shauf v CA 191 SCRA 713 (1990)

4. Execution vs the State


Nessia v Fermin, 220 SCRA 615 (1993)
Caloocan City v Allarde, GR No. 107721 (2003)
IV. Philippine Principles and Policies (Session 5)
A. Preamble
B. Principles and Policies (Article II, Philippine Constitution)

Pable Ocampo v HRET, GR No. 158466 (2004)


Villavicencio v Lukban, 39 Phil 778 (1919)
Agustin v Edu, 88 SCRA 195 (1979)
Ichong v Hernandez, 101 Phil 115 (1957)
In RE Garcia, 2 SCRA 984
Lagman v Zosa, 66 Phil 13 (1938)
Estrada v Escritor AM No. P-02-1651 (2006)
Bayan v Exec Secretary, GR No. 138570 (2000)
Pamatong v Comelec GR No. 161872 (2004)
Maquera v Borja, GR No L-24761 (1965)
Calalang v Williams 70 Phil 726 (1940)
APCD v PCA, GR No. 110526
Simon v CHR, GR No. 100150 (1994)
PASEI v Drilon, 163 SCRA 386 (1988)
UP BOR v CA, GR No. 134629 (1999)
Camacho v Coresis, GR No. 134372 (2002)
SSS Employees Assn. vs CA, 175 SCRA 686
Roe v Wade, 410 US 113
Pierce v Society of Sisters, 262 US 510
Tanada v Angara, GR 118295 (1997)

V. The Exercise of Government Power (Session 6)

In RE Laureta and Maravilla 148 SCRA 382


INS v Chadha, 462 US 919 (1983)

Arnault v Balagtas, 97 Phil 358 (1955)


Goldwater v Carter, 444 US 996
Garcia v Executive Secretary, 211 SCRA 219
US v Tang Ho 43 Phil 1
Conference v POEA, 243 SCRA 666
Pelaez v Auditor General, 15 SCRA 569
People v Judge Dacuycuy, 173 SCRA 90

VI. Structure and Powers of Government


A. The Legislative Branch

Article VI, Philippine Constitution


Powell v McCormack, 395 US 486
Macias v Comelec. 3 SCRA 1
Tan v COMELEC, 142 SCRA 727 (1986)
Banat v Comelec, GR 179271 (2009)
Ang Ladlad v Comelec, GR 190582 (2010)
Walden Bello v Comelec GR 191998 (2010)
Atong Paglaum v Comelec, GR 203766
Aquino v Comelec, 248 SCRA 400 (1995)

B. Legislative Branch (continued: Organization) [Session 7]

Santiago v Guingona, G.R. 134577, (1998)


Avelino v Cuenco, 83 Phil 17 (1949)
Alejandrino v Quezon, 46 Phil 83 (1924)
De Venecia v SB, G.R. No. 130240 (2002)
Casco Chemical v Gimenez, 7 SCRA 347 (1963)
Philconsa v Mathay, 18 SCRA 300 (1966)
Ligot v Mathay, 56 SCRA 823 (1974)
People v Jalosjos, G.R. NO. 132875
Adaza v Pacana, 135 SCRA 431 (1985)
Puyat v De Guzman 113 SCRA 31 (1982)
Abbas v SET, 166 SCRA 651 (1988)
Bondoc v Pineda, 201 SCRA 732
Codilla v De Venecia, G.R. 150605 (2002)
Cunanan v Tan 5 SCRA 1 (1962)
Tio v Videogram Regulatory Board, 151 SCRA 208
Araullo v Abad, G.R. 209287 (2014)
Belgica v Ochoa, G.R. 208566 (2013)
ABAKADA Guro v Ermita, G.R. No. 168207 (2005)
Fabian v Desierto, G.R. No. 129742 (1998)
Gonzales v Macaraig, G.R. No. 87636, (1990)

Tanada v Tuvera, 136 SCRA 27 (1985)

Legislative Branch (Session 8); Start of Executive Department

Tan v Del Rosario, 237 SCRA 324 (2000)


Lung Center v QC, G.R. No. 144104 (2004)
First Lepanto Ceramics v CA, 237 SCRA 519 (1994)
Tolentino v Secretary of Finance, G.R. 115455 (1994)
Bengzon v Blue Ribbon Committee, 203 SCRA 767
Senate v Ermita, G.R. 169777 (2006)
Belgica (G.R. 208566, 2013)
Araullo v Abad (G.R. 209287)
Arnault v Balagtas, 97 Phil 358
Article VII, Philippine Constitution
Republic v Sandiganbayan, GR 152154 (2003)
Estrada v Arroyo, G.R. No. 146738 (2001)

C. Executive Department (Session 9)

CLU v Executive Secretary, 194 SCRA 317


Cruz v COA, G.R. No. 138489 (2001)
NAC v COA G.R. No. 156982 (2004)
Laurel v Garcia, GR No. 92013 (1990)
Marcos v Manglapus, 178 SCRA 760
De Leon v Carpio, 178 SCRA 457
Blaquera v Alcala, GR 109406 (1998)
Hutchison Ports v SBMA, GR No 131367 (2000)
Pimentel v Aguirre, GR 132988 (2000)
Manalo v Sistosa, GR 107369 (1999)
Soriano v Lista GR 153881 (2003)
Pimentel v Ermita, GR 164978
Echegaray v Secretary of Justice, 301 SCRA 96
Constantino v Cuisa, GR No. 106064 (2005)
Gudani v Senga, GR No 170165
Gloria v CA, GR No. 119903

D. The Judicial Department (Session 10)

Miranda v Aguirre, G.R. No 133064 (1999)


MMDA v Jancom, GR 147465
Tirol v CA, GR No. 133954 (2000)
Cruz v DENR, GR 135385 (2000)
Martinez v CA, GR 123547 (2001)
Aguirre v Rana, Bar matter No. 1036 (2003)

In RE: IBP Elections Bar Matter No. 491 (1989)


De La Llana v Alba 122 SCRA 291

E. Constitutional Commissions

Cayetano v Monsod, GR 100113 (1991)


Gaminde v COA, GR No. 140335 (2000)
Brillantes v Yorac, GR No. 93867 (1990)
CSC v DBM, GR 158791
Sarmiento v COMELEC, 212 SCRA 307
Ambil v Comelec GR No. 143398

1. The CSC
Camporedondo v NLRC, GR No. 129049
General v Roco, GR No. 143366 (2001)
CSC v Salas, GR 123708
Office of the Ombudsman vs CSC, GR No. 159940 (2005)
Vistan v Nicolas 201 SCRA 524
Domingo v Zamora, GR 142283 (2003)
OP v Buenaobra, GR 170021 (2006)
Central Bank v CSC, 171 SCRA 744
2. The COMELEC
Brillantes v Comelec, GR 163193 (2004)
Sandoval v Comelec, GR 133842
Al Haj v Comelec, GR No. 151046
Guevarra v Comelec, 104 Phil 269
Jaramilla v Comelec, GR No, 155717 (2003)
Baytan v Comelec, GR No. 153945 (2003)
3. The COA
DBP v COA, 231 SCRA 202
Bustamante v COA, 216 SCRA 164
DBP v COA, GR No. 88435 (2002)
4. Sandiganbayan
PD 1606
Nunez v Sandiganbayan, 111 SCRA 433
5. Ombudsman
Roxas v Vasquez, GR No 114944
People v Velez, GR No. 138093
Ledesma v CA GR No. 161629
Ombudsman v Madriaga, GR No. 164316

6. Office of the Special Prosecutor


Zaldiva v SB, 160 SCRA 843
Orap v Sandiganbayan, 139 SCRA 252
7. National Commissions
Carino v CHR, GR 96681
Canonizado v Aguirre, GR No. 133132 (2000)