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Operators Handbook

Alcatel
1626LM
80/160 Channels Core DWDM Platform

1626LM REL.1.0

3AL 94720 BAAA

Ed. 01

01

041109

ED

DATE

2/50

CHANGE NOTE

A.ZERMANI VIM

R.BRASSAC CITVX

APPRAISAL AUTHORITY

ORIGINATOR

Ed. 01

3AL 94720 BAAA

.2004 ALCATEL
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this
document, use and communication of its contents not
permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

1 HANDBOOK STRUCTURE AND CONFIGURATION CHECK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


1.1 General information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2 Handbook applicability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3 Purpose of the handbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4 Handbook configuration check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.1 List of the editions and modified parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4.2 Notes on Ed.01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 PRODUCT-RELEASE HANDBOOKS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1 Handbook Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 SAFETY NORMS AND LABELS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.1 First aid for electric shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3.2 Norms and labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 GENERAL ON ALCATEL CUSTOMER DOCUMENTATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.1 Products, product-releases, versions and Customer Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.2 Handbook supply to Customers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.3 Aims of standard Customer Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4 Handbook Updating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4.1 Changes introduced in the same product-release (same handbook P/N) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4.2 Supplying updated handbooks to Customers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.4.3 Changes due to a new product-release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5 Customer documentation supply on CD--ROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5.1 Contents, creation and production of a CD--ROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5.2 Use of the CD--ROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5.3 CD--ROM identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5.5.4 CD--ROM updating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MANAGEMENT DESCRIPTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1 CRAFT TERMINAL MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.1 Maintenance of the PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2 Software shut--down and PC restart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1 Fault localization introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.1 Alarm & status indication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.1.2 Specific rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.2 Fault localization with the CT views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.3 Fault localization with the Alarm Surveillance Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.4 Log Browsing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2.5 Abnormal Condition List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 UNIT REPLACEMENT WITH A SPARE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4 ESCT1000 UNIT REPLACEMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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.2004 ALCATEL
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this
document, use and communication of its contents not
permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

.2004 ALCATEL
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this
document, use and communication of its contents not
permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

TABLE OF FIGURES
Figure 1. Alarms in a typical Line Terminal configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 2. Alarms with TRBD stand alone configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 3. Equipment view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 4. Network Element Alarm Surveillance views (example). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 5. Main Alarm list details (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 6. Warning Alarm list details (example) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 7. Abnormal Condition List menu option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 8. Example of Abnormal Condition List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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3AL 94720 BAAA

Table 1. Handbook configuration check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Table 2. Handbooks related to the products hardware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 3. Handbooks related to the specific product SW management and local product control . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 4. Handbooks common to Alcatel Network Elements using 1320CT platform . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 5. Documentation on CD--ROM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 6. Equipment Controller front panel LEDs signification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 7. Fault location rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 8. Management States Control Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 9. Alarm color code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Table 10. Domain Alarm Synthesis indication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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.2004 ALCATEL
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this
document, use and communication of its contents not
permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

TABLE OF TABLES

1.1 General information


ALCATEL makes no warranty of any kind with regards to this manual, and specifically disclaims the implied
warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. ALCATEL will not be liable for errors
contained herein or for damages, whether direct, indirect, consequential, incidental, or special, in
connection with the furnishing, performance, or use of this material.
NOTICE
The product specification and/or performance levels contained in this document are for information
purposes only and are subject to change without notice. They do not represent any obligation on the part
of ALCATEL.
COPYRIGHT NOTIFICATION
The technical information of this manual is the property of ALCATEL and must not be copied, reproduced
or disclosed to a third party without written consent.

1.2 Handbook applicability


This handbook applies to the following product-releases:
PRODUCT

ANV P/N

1626LM

3AL 94201 AAAA

PRODUCT

RELEASE

VERSION (N.B.)

ANV P/N

1626LM

1.0

--

3AL 94202 AAAA

For further information on the Alcatel software product and its physical distribution support refer to the
Introduction section.
N.B.

NOTES FOR HANDBOOKS RELEVANT TO SOFTWARE APPLICATIONS


Handbooks relevant to software applications (typically the Operators Handbooks) are not modified
unless the new software version distributed to Customers implies man--machine interface changes
or in case of slight modifications not affecting the understanding of the explained procedures.
Moreover, should the screen prints included in the handbook contain the product--releases version
marking, they are not replaced in the handbooks related to a subsequent version, if the screen
contents are unchanged.

3AL 94720 BAAA

Ed. 01

7/50

.2004 ALCATEL
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this
document, use and communication of its contents not
permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

1 HANDBOOK STRUCTURE AND CONFIGURATION CHECK

.2004 ALCATEL
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this
document, use and communication of its contents not
permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

1.3 Purpose of the handbook


This handbook describes the operations concerning commissioning, operation and maintenance that the
operators must carry out as indicated by the specific software application(s) referred to in this handbook (see
para. 1.2 on page 9).
This handbook must be used together with the associated Technical Handbook (see Table 2. on page 11) and
the 1320CT associated documentation (see Table 4. on page 12) and does not replicate information contained
into them.
In particular, all cautions relevant to safety, rules for EMC and ESD, as well as warnings regarding operations
that may cause damages to the equipment, are not duplicated here, but must be retrieved from the Technical
Handbook.
When using this handbook it is assumed that the Operators know:

the structure (hardware composition) and all the possible operating modes of the equipment
(product--release) this handbook refers to;

how to use a PC and the Windows ambient applications.

1.4 Handbook configuration check


1.4.1 List of the editions and modified parts
The following table indicates the handbook parts new and modified with respect to the previous edition.
Legend
= new part
= modified part

n
m

p
= proposal part
PR = proposal edition

Table 1. Handbook configuration check


EDITION

01

MANAGEMENT DESCRIPTION

MAINTENANCE

1. MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE -- INTRODUCTION

2. TROUBLESHOOTING

3. UNIT REPLACEMENT WITH A SPARE

4. ESCT1000 UNIT REPLACEMENT

02

03

04

05

1.4.2 Notes on Ed.01


Ed.01 created on November, 9th, 2004 is the first validated and officially released issue of this handbook,
associated to product release 1.0.

8/50

Ed. 01

3AL 94720 BAAA

The list of handbooks given here below is valid on the issue date of this Handbook and can be
changed without any obligation for ALCATEL to update it in this Handbook.
Some of the handbooks listed here below may not be available on the issue date of this
Handbook.
The standard Customer Documentation in the English language for the equipment
product-release-version is stated on the manuals front page consists of the following handbooks:

whose

Table 2. Handbooks related to the products hardware.

HANDBOOK

REF

ANV Part No.

1626LM Rel. 1.0


Technical Handbook

THIS
HDBK

3AL 94720 AAAA

[1]
Provides information regarding Equipment description, Maintenance, Hardware setting documentation.
1626LM Rel. 1.0
Installation Handbook
[2]

3AL 94720 CAAA

Provides stepped procedural instructions for unpacking, inspecting, Alcatel Part Number
assembling, and mounting and wiring bays, sub--frames, I/O panels, ancillary items, and
cabling.
1626LM Rel. 1.0
Turn--On & Commissioning Handbook

[3]

3AL 94720 DAAA

Provides procedures to support visual inspection, module installation, Alcatel Part Number and provisioning; and local network element verification tests and generic network
tests.

Table 3. Handbooks related to the specific product SW management and local product control

REF

HANDBOOK

ANV Part No.

1626LM Rel. 1.0


Operators Handbook

THIS
HDBK

3AL 94720 BAAA

[4]
Provides information regarding maintenance using the Craft Terminal.

3AL 94720 BAAA

Ed. 01

9/50

.2004 ALCATEL
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this
document, use and communication of its contents not
permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

2 PRODUCT-RELEASE HANDBOOKS

.2004 ALCATEL
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document, use and communication of its contents not
permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

Table 4. Handbooks common to Alcatel Network Elements using 1320CT platform


HANDBOOK

REF

1320CT 3.x
Basic Operators Handbook

ANV Part No.

THIS
HDBK

3AL 79551 AAAA

[5]
Provides general information and operational procedures common to all 1320CT (Craft
terminal) of Alcatel Info--Model Network Elements.
1330AS Rel.6.5
Operators Handbook

3AL 88876 AAAA

[6]
Provides detailed information and operational procedures regarding the alarm Surveillance software embedded in the 1320CT software package.
3AL 88877 AAAA

ELB Rel.2.x Operators Handbook


[7]

Provide detailed information and operational procedures regarding the Event Log
Browser software embedded in the 1320CT software package.

Table 5. Documentation on CD--ROM


See para.5.5 on page 21
REF

CD--ROM TITLE
1626LM Rel. 1.0 CD--ROM--DOC EN

[8]

3AL 94721 AAAA

Contains, in electronic format, the following handbooks: REF.[1] to [4]


Envisaged after the release of all handbooks
1320CT CD--ROM--DOC EN

[9]

10/50

ANV Part No.

3AL 79552 AAAA

Contains, in electronic format, the following handbooks: REF. [5]to[7]


Envisaged after the release of all handbooks

Ed. 01

3AL 94720 BAAA

This handbook has been edited according to the suggestions given by the Code of Practice for Instruction
Handbooks issued by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU RECC. R29/82).
This handbook is divided into the following main topics as described in the table of contents:
HANDBOOK GUIDE:

It gives general information on the application and use of the Handbook


It describes the handbook structure and the customer documentation.
It contains general information on safety norms, and labels.
The abbreviation list is supplied too.

MANAGEMENT:

It describes the main features of the graphical interface and provides


a general overview of the system architecture and the different
functionalities provided by the Craft Terminal.
This document describes the Craft Terminal view, inserting operative
information.

MAINTENANCE:

3AL 94720 BAAA

This document aims at introducing the Maintenance procedure,


inserting information useful to identify alarms and troubleshoot the NE

Ed. 01

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.2004 ALCATEL
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document, use and communication of its contents not
permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

2.1 Handbook Structure

3.1 First aid for electric shock


Do not touch the patient with bare hands until the circuit has been opened.
Open the circuit by switching off the line switches. If that is not possible, protect yourself with dry material and
free the patient from the conductor.
ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION
It is important to start mouth to mouth resuscitation at once and seek medical help immediately.
TREATMENT OF BURNS
This treatment should be used after the patient has regained consciousness. It can also be employed while the
artificial respiration is being applied (in this case there should be at least two persons present).
WARNING:

Do not attempt to remove his clothing from the burnt parts;

Apply dry gauze on the burns;

Do not apply ointments or other oily substances.

3AL 94720 BAAA

Ed. 01

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document, use and communication of its contents not
permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

3 SAFETY NORMS AND LABELS

.2004 ALCATEL
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document, use and communication of its contents not
permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

Mouth to mouth resuscitation method

Lay the patient supine with his arms parallel with the body, if the patient is laying on an inclined plane, make sure that his stomach is slightly lower than his chest. Open the patients
mouth and check that there are no extraneous bodies in his mouth (dentures, chewing--gum
etc.),

Kneel beside the patient level with his head. Put a


hand under the patients head and one under his neck
(see fig.) Lift the patients head and let it recline
backwards as far as possible

Shift the hand from the patients neck to is chin: place


your thumb between his chin and his mouth, the index
along his jawbone, and keep the other fingers closed
together (see fig.). While performing these operations
take a good supply of oxygen by taking deep breaths
with your mouth open.

With your thumb between the patients chin and


mouth keep his lips together and blow into his nasal
cavities (see fig.)

While performing these operations observe if the


patients chest rises (see fig.) If not it is possible that
his nose is blocked: in that case open the patients
mouth as much as possible by pressing on his chin
with your hand, place your lips around his mouth and
blow into his oral cavity. Observe if the patients chest
heaves. This second method can be used instead of the
first even when the patients nose is kept closed by
pressing the nostrils together using the hand you were
holding his head with. The patients head must be
kept sloping backwards as much as possible.

14/50

Start with ten rapid expirations, hence continue at a rate of twelve/fifteen expirations per
minute. Go on like this until the patient has regained consciousness, or until a doctor has
ascertained his death.

Ed. 01

3AL 94720 BAAA

Refer to the Technical Handbook associated to ALCATELs designed and manufactured equipment to obtain the
following information:
----

----

COMPLIANCE WITH EUROPEAN NORMS


SAFETY RULES
General rules

Harmful optical signals

Risk of explosion

Moving mechanical parts

Heat--radiating Mechanical Parts


ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGERS (ESD)
EQUIPMENT LABELS

Identical or similar information on Personal Computer, Work--Station etc., other than ALCATELs, loaded with
software applicatives described in this Handbook, is supplied in the Constructor s technical documentation.

3AL 94720 BAAA

Ed. 01

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.2004 ALCATEL
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permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

3.2 Norms and labels

AIS:

Alarm Indication Signal

APS:

Automatic Protection Switching

ASAP:

Alarm Severity Assignment Profile

AU:

Administrative Unit

.2004 ALCATEL
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this
document, use and communication of its contents not
permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

4 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

CD--ROM:Compact Disc Read Only Memory


CCITT:

Telegraph and Telephone International Consultative Committee

CT:

Craft Terminal

DCN:

Data Communications Network

ECC:

Embedded Communication Channels

EML:

Element Management Layer

EPS:

Equipment Protection Switching

FAD:

Functional Access Domain

Gbit/s:

Gigabits per second

GNE:

Gateway Network Element

HMI:

Human Machine Interface

IEEE:

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

IM:

Information Manager

Kbit/s:

Kilobits per second

LAN:

Local Area Network

LVC:

Lower Order Virtual Container

MAC:

Media Access Control

Mbit/s:

Megabits per seconds

MIB:

Management Information Base

MS:

Multiplex Section

MSP:

Multiplex Section Protection

NAD:

Network Access Domain

NAP:

Network Access Point

NE:

Network Element

NML:

Network Management Layer

NPE:

Network Protection Equipment

3AL 94720 BAAA

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.2004 ALCATEL
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this
document, use and communication of its contents not
permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

NPT:

Network Time Protocol

OS:

Operation System

PI:

Physical Interface

SD:

Signal Degrade

SF:

Signal Fail

TMN:

Telecommunications Management Network

TN:

Telecommunications Network

TP:

Termination Point

USM:

User Service Manager

XC:

Cross--Connection

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Ed. 01

3AL 94720 BAAA

5.1 Products, product-releases, versions and Customer Documentation


A product is defined by the network hierarchical level where it can be inserted and by the whole of performance
and services for which it is meant.
A product evolves through successive product-releases which are the real products marketed for their
delivery at a certain product-release availability date.
So, a product--release defines a set of hardware components and a software package which, as a whole,
identify the possible network applications and the equipment performance which the specific product-release
has been designed, engineered and marketed for.
In some cases a product-release has further development steps, named versions, that are born to improve
or add some performance (mainly software) with respect to the previous version, or for bug fixing purposes.
A product-release has its own standard Customer Documentation, composed by one or more handbooks.
A new version of a product-release may or may not produce a change in the status of the Customer
Documentation set, as described in para.5.4 on page 20.

5.2 Handbook supply to Customers


Handbooks are not automatically delivered together with the equipment they refer to.
The number of handbooks per type to be supplied must be decided at contract level.

5.3 Aims of standard Customer Documentation


Standard Customer Documentation, referred to hereafter, must be always meant as plant-independent.
Plant-dependent documentation, if envisaged by the contract, is subjected to commercial criteria as far as
contents, formats and supply conditions are concerned (plant-dependent documentation is not described here).
Standard hardware and software documentation is meant to give the Customer personnel the possibility and the
information necessary for installing, commissioning, operating and maintaining the equipment according to
Alcatel--Telecom Laboratory design choices.
In particular the contents of the handbooks associated to the software applications focus on the explanation of
the man--machine interface and of the operating procedures allowed by it.
Consequently, no supply to the Customers of design documentation (like software source programs,
programming tools, etc.) is envisaged.

3AL 94720 BAAA

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5 GENERAL ON ALCATEL CUSTOMER DOCUMENTATION

.2004 ALCATEL
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permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

5.4 Handbook Updating


The handbooks associated to the product--release are listed in chapter 2 on page 9.
Each handbook is identified by:
-the name of the product-release (and version when the handbook is applicable to the versions starting
from it, but not to the previous ones),
-the handbook name,
-the handbook P/N,
-the handbook edition (usually first edition=01),
-the handbook issue date. The date on the handbook does not refer to the date of print but to the date on
which the handbook source file has been completed and released for the production.
5.4.1 Changes introduced in the same product-release (same handbook P/N)
The edition and date of issue might change on future handbook versions for the following reasons:
--

only the date changes (pointed out in the Table of Contents) when modifications are made to the editorial
system not changing the technical contents of the handbook.

--

the edition, hence the date, is changed because modifications made concern technical contents. In this
case:

the table in chapter 1.4 indicates the section(s) edition change;

in each section, the main changes with respect to the previous edition are listed;

in affected chapters of each section, revision bars on the left of the page indicate modifications in text
and drawings (this is done after the first officially released and validated version).

Changes concerning the technical contents of the handbook cause the edition number increase (e.g. from Ed.01
to Ed.02). Slight changes (e.g. for corrections) or draft versions maintain the same edition but with the addition
of a version character (e.g. from Ed.02 to Ed.02A).
NOTES FOR HANDBOOKS RELEVANT TO SOFTWARE APPLICATIONS
Handbooks relevant to software applications (typically the Operators Handbooks) are not modified
unless the new software version distributed to Customers implies man--machine interface changes
or in case of slight modifications not affecting the understanding of the explained procedures.
Moreover, should the screen prints included in the handbook contain the product-releases version
marking, they are not replaced in the handbooks related to a subsequent version, if the screen
contents are unchanged.
5.4.2 Supplying updated handbooks to Customers
Supplying updated handbooks to Customers who have already received previous issues is submitted to
commercial criteria.
By updated handbook delivery it is meant the supply of a complete copy of the handbook new issue (supplying
errata--corrige sheets is not envisaged).
5.4.3 Changes due to a new product-release
A new product-release changes the handbook P/N and the edition starts from 01. In this case the modified parts
of the handbook are not listed.

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In the following CD--ROM means Customer Documentation on CD--ROM


5.5.1 Contents, creation and production of a CD--ROM
In most cases, a CD--ROM contains the documentation of one product--release(--version) and for a certain
language.
In some other cases, the same CD--ROM can contain the documentation of different product--release (--version)s
for a certain language.
As a general rule:
--

--

CD--ROMs for Network Management products do not contain:

the Installation Guides

the documentation of system optional features that Customers could not buy from Alcatel together with
the main applicative SW.

CD--ROMs for Network Elements products do not contain:

the documentation of system optional features (e.g. System Installation Handbooks related to racks
that Customers could not buy from Alcatel together with the main equipment).

A CD--ROM is obtained collecting various handbooks and documents in .pdf format. Bookmarks and hyperlinks
make the navigation easier.
The files processed in this way are added to files/images for managing purpose and a master CD--ROM is
recorded.
Suitable checks are made in order to have a virus--free product.
After a complete functional check, the CD--ROM image is electronically transferred to the archive of the
Production Department, so that the CD--ROM can be produced and delivered to Customers.

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5.5 Customer documentation supply on CD--ROM

.2004 ALCATEL
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this
document, use and communication of its contents not
permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

5.5.2 Use of the CD--ROM


The CD--ROM can be used both in PC and Unix WS environments.
The CD--ROM starts automatically with autorun and hyperlinks from the opened Index document permit to
visualize the .pdf handbooks.
Other hyperlinks permit to get, from the Technical handbooks, the specific .pdf setting documents.
In order to open the .pdf documents Adobe Acrobat Reader Version 4.0 (minimum) must have been installed on
the platform.
The CD--ROM doesnt contain the Adobe Acrobat Reader program. The Customer is in charge of getting and
installing it.
ReadMe info is present on the CD--ROM to this purpose.
Then the Customer is allowed to read the handbooks on the PC/WS screen, using the navigation and zooming
tools included in the tool, and to print selected parts of the documentation through a local printer.
5.5.3 CD--ROM identification
Each CD--ROM is identified:
1)

by the following external identifiers, that are printed both on the booklet and the CD--ROM upper
surface:
-the name of the product--release(s) (and version when the CD--ROM is applicable to the
versions starting from it, but not to the previous ones),
-a writing indicating the language(s),
-the CD--ROM P/N (Factory P/N 417.xxx.xxx x and ANV P/N),
-the CD--ROM edition (usually first edition=01)

2)

and, internally, by the list of the source handbooks and documents (P/Ns and editions) by whose
collection and processing the CD--ROM itself has been created.

5.5.4 CD--ROM updating


The list of source handbook/document P/Ns--editions indicated in previous para. 5.5.3 point 2 ) , in association
with the CD--ROM own P/N--edition, is also loaded in the Alcatel--Information--System as a structured list.
Whenever a new edition of any of such handbooks/documents is released in the Alcatel archive system, a check
in the Alcatel--Information--System is made to identify the list of CD--ROMs that must be updated to include the
new editions of these handbooks/documents.
This causes the planning and creation of a new edition of the CD--ROM.
Updating of CD--ROMs always follows, with a certain delay, the updating of the single handbooks composing the
collection.

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MANAGEMENT DESCRIPTION

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Please refer to the Help--On--Line documentation for this part.

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MAINTENANCE

The maintenance procedures consist of the following steps:


--

Maintenance of the PC

--

Shut--down and restart of the PC

--

Preventive Maintenance

--

Corrective Maintenance

--

Unit replacement with a spare


FIXING THE UNITS (AND MODULES) INTO THE SUBRACK

(caution to avoid equipment damage)


The screw tightening torque for fixing the units (and modules, if any and if fixed by screws) into the
subrack must be:

2.8 kg x cm (0.28 Newton x m) 10 %


Exceeding this value may result in screw breaking.

1.1 Maintenance of the PC


With regard to maintenance PC, refer to the constructors documentation.

1.2 Software shut--down and PC restart


This procedure describes the Shut--down and restart the PC when the operator is not able to use the SWP -ECT 1626LM applicative system; i.e. if the craft terminal does not work properly or if it is not responding to the
commands of the operator. The procedure is presented for Windows NT.
In order to shut--down the PC, execute the command:
Start Shut down
A window (Windows NT Security user dialog) is displayed. It permits to shut down the computer or restart it.
The same window is displayed pressing the keys <Ctrl> + <Alt> + <Del> simultaneously.
Craft Terminal Restart
For the restart operation refer to 1320CT Technical manual.

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1 CRAFT TERMINAL MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE

Purpose of the procedure


Troubleshooting involves the detection, location and correction of failures in the equipment and replacing the
parts that are defective.
Troubleshooting organization
The troubleshooting procedure is carried out with the help of some flow--charts and tables, reported hereinafter.
Anyway this method does not deal with the following aspects (which are to be deducted by other ways):
---

faulty electronic alarm indication, processing and detection circuits


faulty wiring (back--panel, connectors, etc.)

The Maintenance organization can have different structures.


The following topologies are considered:

with a station supervisory center


on site
with a Remote Craft Terminal management center
with a TMN network management center

In the station supervisory center the maintenance technician refers to the remote alarms received from the
equipment in a centralized office of the station i.e. :

URG, NURG, IND: remote alarms relative to the type of alarm (urgent, not urgent, indicative)

Outgoing parallel interface: Housekeeping commands configured by the customer.

Besides detecting the equipment in alarm, depending on the organization of supervision structure, it is also
possible to detect the type of failure and the relative source.

Q3 interface for Telecommunication Management Network

With a TMN network management center the maintenance technician must refer to the alarms sent towards
the TMNs Operations System (see the relevant TMN handbooks).
After having detected the alarmed equipment, the condition is attended by pressing push--button ACO (Alarm
Cut--Off) on the ESCT1000 unit in the master shelf.
This condition causes:
--

On the Top Rack Unit

--

the YELLOW ATTD LED to light up


the RED URG or NURG LED to go off

On the Equipment Controller (EC) front coverplate:

yellow LED (ATTD) to light up


red LEDs (NURG) and (URG) to light off (available for other alarms)

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2 TROUBLESHOOTING

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Local Maintenance (station supervisory center and on site topologies)


It is essential to observe the condition of the LEDs on the unit front coverplate, and to use the Craft Terminal (PC).
The Equipment Controller (ESCT1000) unit is provided with LEDs which indicate:
Table 6. Equipment Controller front panel LEDs signification
Name

Led color

Meaning

URG

Red

Urgent Alarm (major or critical)

NURG

Red

Non Urgent Alarm (minor)

ATTD

Yellow

Attended alarm (acknowledged URG or NURG alarm)

Center Operation System in the Telecommunication Management Network


All the equipment connected to the TMN are controlled by the Operation System. Detailed alarm information data
obtained (as locally through the PC) tracing the cause of alarm and deciding on the type of maintenance
operations to carry out.
Screens windows displayed with a Craft Terminal Equipment or with a SH are similar and the alarm indications
are identical in a Q3 protocol application.

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Fault location can be performed by following simple rules. First, transmission domain alarms have to be checked
to locate the degraded NE. Then, when the faulty NE is identified, equipment domain alarms are checked to
locate degraded board or the faulty optical connection.
2.1.1 Alarm & status indication
The following figures give the correspondance between the alarms of each view and the concerned board.
We describe 2 typical configurations:
--

Terminal configuration with:

1 BMDX1000

1 CMDX

1 TRBD associated to and from the CMDX

--

TRBD stand--alone configuration

1 stand--alone TRBD

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2.1 Fault localization introduction

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LBER

TRBD

OGPI
CMDX

LOS
SSF

Tx

WDM

Rx

Rx

OCHA

OCHA
BMDX

LOMS

OTS OMSA OMS

URU

OTS port

Ed. 01

BW

Tx

LBER

URU

LOW
LOF
LOMF
LTCER
SSF

OCH

AIS

LOW
LOF
LOMF
LTCER
SSF

AIS

TIM PM-AS

OGPI

TIM PM-AS

OGPI port: CMDX

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URU

OGPI port: TRBD


AMS
LOF
SSF
LOS
LOF
SSF

Figure 1. Alarms in a typical Line Terminal configuration

3AL 94720 BAAA

AIS
LBER

3AL 94720 BAAA

OGPI

URU
AMS
LOF
SSF

OCH
LOS

AIS
LBER

TIM PM-AS

Stand-alone TRBD: OGPI port#1

Ed. 01
OGPI
URU

LTCER
SSF

Tx

LOW
LOF
LOMF

Rx
Tx

Rx

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WDM

BW

TIM PM-AS
LOS
LOF
SSF

TRBD

OCHA

Stand-alone TRBD: OGPI port#2

Figure 2. Alarms with TRBD stand alone configuration

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2.1.2 Specific rules


Some specific rules are given here to help simple fault location :
Table 7. Fault location rules
Transmission alarms detected Fault; Equipment or Transmission alarms to be checked
LOMS

fibre break

no LOMS + several LOW on Fault in local NE.


OCHA
Check OTS;
Check IPL or RUP or RUM on CMDX.
LOW on OCHA

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Check equipment alarms on TRBD supported by corresponding OCHA in far-end NE.


Check TRBD <--> CMDX connections in local or previous NE.

Ed. 01

3AL 94720 BAAA

The Craft Terminal alarm features offer a graphical approach to locate a fault (alarm indicators, view navigation).
The Craft Terminal alarm features are accessible from the main window. These features are:
--

The graphical features that give direct information:

the Alarm severity indicators,

the Domain alarm indicators,

the Management status indicators,

the View area,

--

The alarm diagnosis tools, accessible from the Diagnosis menu:

the event log files,

the abnormal condition list.

Figure 3. Equipment view

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2.2 Fault localization with the CT views

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the critical (CRI) or major (MAJ) alarms indicate severe alarms that could have impact on the current
traffic (interruption or degrade). Thus requiring a rapid intervention to restore the regular working
condition of the equipment.
A message under the mouse facility provides the alarm or status complete denomination. A message appears
in the message area in the bottom left corner of the view.
The fault localization procedures are the following:
-----

Check the management status of the NE


Start to localize a fault with the Craft Terminal,
Localize an equipment fault,
Localize a transmission fault.

Check the management status of the NE


Table 8. Management States Control Panel.
Icon

Name
Supervision

Local access

OS communication

Default configuration

OS connection state

Manager level

NTP protocol

Abnormal condition

Color

Meaning

green

NE supervised

brown *

NE not supervised

green
white
cyan

Granted
Requested
Denied

green

Communication link up

red *

Communication link down

green

Default configuration not active

red

Default configuration active

green

OS not connected

cyan

OS connected

green

EML (Element Management Layer)

cyan

NML (Network Management Layer)

brown
green *
cyan

Disabled
Enabled and both NTP servers are not reachable
Enabled and at least one NTP server is reachable

green

Not present

cyan *

Present

* not normal condition

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1)

Check the alarm severity indicators to know the emergency level of the situation.

The following table gives the signification of the alarm color code and severities. The detailed
description of the alarm severity indicators is given in the product--release Help--On--Line, on [9], in
section:
About the graphical user interface,
Main view graphical features,
Alarms severity indicators.
Table 9. Alarm color code
Color

Severity

Comment

Red

Critical (CRI)

Alarm requiring immediate corrective action.


(typical: NE isolation)

Orange

Major (MAJ)

Alarm requiring urgent corrective action

Yellow

Minor (MIN)

Alarm requiring preventive corrective action before aggravation of the fault which could affect service

Cyan

Warning (WNG)

Fault or particular configuration requiring preventive corrective action before aggravation of the fault which could affect
service

White

Indeterminate (IND)

Alarm for which the real severity cannot be accurately defined

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Start to localize a fault with the Craft Terminal

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2)

Check the alarm domain indicators to distinguish the equipment alarms and the transmission alarms:
--

If there is at least one equipment alarm, navigate through the equipment views to locate it (see
procedure: Localize an equipment fault, page 37).

--

If there is no equipment alarm and at least one transmission alarm, display the transmission
views of the OTS port(s) of the NE (see procedure: Localize a transmission fault, page 37).

Table 10. Domain Alarm Synthesis indication


Mnemonic
EXTP
EQP
TRNS

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Alarm/Status Description
External Point
(Housekeeping alarm)
Equipment alarm
Transmission alarm (Communication)

Maintenance
Check the relevant station alarm associated to the
input housekeeping indication.
Synthesis of alarms of the Equipment domain.
Synthesis of alarms of the Transmission domain.

Ed. 01

3AL 94720 BAAA

1)

Display the Equipment view at the NE level.

2)

Look at the alarm synthesis indicator of each rack and display the view of the faulty one.

3)

Look at the alarm synthesis indicator of each subrack and display the view of the faulty one.

4)

Look at the alarm synthesis indicator of each board and display the view of the faulty one.

5)

Look at the board alarm indicators and report to the tables in the Help--On--Line -- Equipment domain
alarms, to determine the default.

Localize a transmission fault


1)

Display the Transmission view of the OTS port(s) of the NE.

2)

Look at the alarm synthesis indicators of the OTS, OMS--A and the OMS TPs ...
--

If at least one of these indicators is in faulty status, display the port view of the OTS port. Look
at the transmission alarm indicators and report to the tables in the Help--On--Line -- Transmission
domain alarms.

--

If there is no alarm on the OTS, OMS--A and OMS TPs, carry on with this procedure.

3)

In the Transmission view choose the Transmission -- Expand -- All Lower TPs menu option to display
the OCH--A TPs connected to the OTS port.

4)

Look at the alarm synthesis indicators of the OCH--A TPs:


--

If only one OCH--A is in faulty status, there is probably a local problem with the corresponding
transponder board (TRBD1xyz).

--

If more than one OCH--A are in faulty status, the default can be:

a default (not detected at the equipment level) on the local multiplexer/demutliplexer boards
(BMDX and CMDX) that support the faulty channels,

an optical wiring default at the aggregate interface of either the local CMDX or the local
BMDX board that support the faulty channels,

a default on the remote multiplexer/demutliplexer boards (CMDX and BMDX) that support
the faulty channels at the other end of the line,

an optical wiring default at the aggregate interface of either the remote CMDX or the remote
BMDX that support the faulty channels at the other extremity of the line.

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Localize an equipment fault

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2.3 Fault localization with the Alarm Surveillance Application


In the following are presented the troubleshooting tables referred to the information given in the Alarm Synthesis
screen.
The NE alarm information can be displayed after having supervised the NE.
Alarm Surveillance Application can be started from the Network Element Synthesis subwindow menu
Supervision Alarm Surveillance.
The counter Alarm sublist is displayed.

Figure 4. Network Element Alarm Surveillance views (example).


To get the detailed list of a sublist, double click on the corresponding sublist line.

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Figure 5. Main Alarm list details (example)

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Figure 6. Warning Alarm list details (example)

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The alarm type


the date and the time of the event
the place where the alarm appears ( NE type, Release, board, port ...)
the type of the event ( Equipment: EQP; Communication: COM; ...)
the probable cause of the alarm
the Status of the alarm

Active alarms are displayed with the color of their severity (i,e yellow for minor alarm).
Cleared alarm are displayed in green: There are alarms that are no more active on NE, but not acknowledged
by operator.
AS provides navigation functionality:

From one alarm selection in AS sublist, one can open the relative NE view by selecting menu
Navigation / External Application / EML--USM.

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Information displayed on these screens:

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2.4 Log Browsing


To have access to the Event Log file, in the Diagnosis pull--down menu, select the Log Browsing option.
The proposed options are Alarm Log and Event Log:

Alarm Log: events which are sent as alarm types,

Event Log: events such as laser state change, create or suppress objects; attribute value change.
Select the Log Browsing option to access the Event Log file.
The Configuration and Log Browsing ELM Windows open, permitting to analyze all events and alarms stored
in the NE.

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The abnormal condition provides the synthesis of NE not normal conditions listing the events that contribute
to abnormal condition. Select the Abnormal Condition List option from the Diagnosis pull down menu (see
Figure 7. ). Figure 8. is opened.

Figure 7. Abnormal Condition List menu option

Figure 8. Example of Abnormal Condition List


The abnormal condition are the following:

Board (or sub--board) is placed in a not configured slot.


Select an abnormal condition and click on OK to display more information.
The other abnormal condition types will open the corresponding management window or will open the window
to navigate towards the management window.

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2.5 Abnormal Condition List

No particular indication is given concerning spares handling which is left to the Maintenance Administration.
The replacement procedures are executed as follows:
--

Hardware set the spare unit exactly as the unit to replace. The setting options are specified in the section
HARDWARE SETTING DOCUMENTATION of the Technical Handbook.

--

Simply replace those units not provided with any software settings.

Replace those units having software settings (except for the Equipment Controller ESCT1000 unit)
Should the program release of the spare unit be compatible with that of the faulty one, the unit will
become operative after having automatically downloaded the software setting options from the
Equipment Controller.
Should the release differ, then by means of the Craft Terminal download the software release updated
on the replaced unit.

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3 UNIT REPLACEMENT WITH A SPARE

Various procedures are utilized to replace a faulty controller ESCT1000 unit in the 1626LM. They depend on the
type of spares available:

Spares belonging to the same type of equipment and with SW release identical to the unit to replace.

Spares belonging to the same type of equipment but with SW release differing from that of the unit to
replace.

Spares belonging to other types of equipment or with unknown software.

The procedures aim at replacing the faulty unit without causing configuration changes and/or unwanted faults.
Therefore, while replacing the Equipment Controller ESCT1000 unit, the Equipment is regularly operating
except for the functions carried out by the unit to be replaced (i.e. OS/RECT Connection).
Procedure to replace the flash card on the ESCT1000 board
Warning: this procedure will erase your NE configuration (database).
Before to procede, you should back--up the database (see the procedure Perform the first backup).
1)

Unplug the ESCT1000 board from the master shelf,

2)

On this ESCT1000 board, take off the flash card,

3)

Plug in the new flash card,

4)

On this ESCT1000 board, set the dip switch #1 OFF and the dip switch #2 ON (to reset the database
and retrieve the communication information),

5)

Plug this board in the shelf,


Wait for EC and SC LEDs to turn from yellow to green,

6)

Unplug the ESCT1000 board from the shelf,

7)

Set the dip switches #1 and #2 OFF (normal operation mode),

8)

Plug the ESCT1000 board in the shelf back and restart NE,

9)

With craft or EML, verify and or download the latest SW to ESC--1 ,

10 ) With craft or EML, restore DB,


11 ) With craft or EML, activate DB.
Procedure to replace the ESCT1000 board with a new flash card
This procedure will completely erase your NE configuration (both the database and the communication
information). You should do this only if the configuration is corrupted.
Before to procede, you should back--up the database.
1)

Unplug the ESCT1000 board to be removed from the master shelf,

2)

Take a new ESCT1000 board with its new flash card,

3)

On this new ESCT1000 board, set the dip switch #1 ON and the dip switch #2 OFF (to reset all the
database and all the communication information),

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4 ESCT1000 UNIT REPLACEMENT

Start the NE

5)

Plug this board in the shelf,


Wait for EC and SC LEDs to turn from yellow to green,

6)

Unplug the ESCT1000 board from the shelf,

7)

On this board, set the dip switches #1 and #2 OFF (normal operation mode),

8)

Plug the ESCT1000 board in the shelf back and restart NE,

9)

With craft or EML, verify and or download the latest SW to ESC--1 ,

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not permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

.2004 ALCATEL
All rights reserved. Passing on and copying of this
document, use and communication of its contents not
permitted without written authorization from Alcatel.

4)

10 ) With craft or EML, restore DB,


11 ) With craft or EML, activate DB.
At the end, the following operations could be needed:
-a configuration of the NE adresses.

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