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Example: Pinned column using non slender H-section or RHS

CALCULATION SHEET

Document Ref:

SX004a-EN-EU

Title

Example: Pinned column using non slender H-section or


RHS

Eurocode Ref

EN 1993-1-1

Made by

Matthias Oppe

Date

June 2005

Checked by

Christian Mller

Date

June 2005

Sheet

of

Example: Pinned column using non slender Hsection or RHS


Within this worked example on a pinned column H-section or RHS in a
simple structure the column buckling resistance for various rolled crosssections (H-sections or RHS), different steel grades and member lengths
should be calculated.

N Ed

8,0

8,0

Created on Wednesday, August 18, 2010


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N Ed

[m]

SN008

Lcr.
= 1,0
L
Partial factors

M0 = 1,0

M1 = 1,0

Lcr.
= 0,7
L
EN 1993-1-1
6.1 (1)

Example: Pinned column using non slender H-section or RHS

CALCULATION SHEET

Document Ref:

SX004a-EN-EU

Title

Example: Pinned column using non slender H-section or


RHS

Eurocode Ref

EN 1993-1-1

Made by

Matthias Oppe

Date

June 2005

Checked by

Christian Mller

Date

June 2005

Sheet

of

Basic data
Design a column of a multi-storey building in consideration of the following
data.

Axial load :

NEd = 2000 kN

Column length :

8,00 m

Buckling length :

y-y axis: 1,0 8,00 = 8,00 m


z-z axis: 0,7 8,00 = 5,60 m

Steel grade :

S235

Section classification:

Class 1
z

Created on Wednesday, August 18, 2010


This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

HE 300 B Steel grade S235

Euronorm

tf

Depth

h = 300 mm

Width

b = 300 mm

Web thickness

tw = 11 mm

Flange thickness

tf = 19 mm

Fillet

r = 27 mm

Section area

A = 149 cm2

53-62

tw
y

y
h

z
b

Second moment of area /yy Iy = 25170 cm4


Second moment of area /zz Iz = 8560 cm4
Yield strength
Steel grade S235
2

The maximum thickness is 19,0 mm < 40 mm, so : fy = 235 N/mm


Note :

The National Annex may impose either the values of fy from the
Table 3.1 or the values from the product standard.

EN 1993-1-1
Table 3.1

Example: Pinned column using non slender H-section or RHS

CALCULATION SHEET

Document Ref:

SX004a-EN-EU

Title

Example: Pinned column using non slender H-section or


RHS

Eurocode Ref

EN 1993-1-1

Made by

Matthias Oppe

Date

June 2005

Checked by

Christian Mller

Date

June 2005

Sheet

of

Design buckling resistance of a compression member


To determine the design column buckling resistance Nb,Rd, the reduction factor
for the relevant buckling curve must be defined. This factor is determined
by calculation of the non-dimensional slenderness based on the elastic
critical force for the relevant buckling mode and the cross sectional resistance
to normal forces.
Elastic critical force Ncr
The critical buckling force is calculated as follows :
N cr, y =

Created on Wednesday, August 18, 2010


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N cr,z =

2 EI y
Lcr, y

2 EI z
Lcr,z 2

2 21000 25170
=
= 8151,2 kN
800 2

2 21000 8560
= 5657 ,4 kN
560 2
E = 210000 N/mm2

E is the Youngs modulus :

Lcr is the buckling length in the buckling plane considered: Lcr,y = 8,00 m
Lcr,z = 5,60 m
Non-dimensional slenderness
The non-dimensional slenderness is given by :

y =

z =

A fy
N cr, y

A fy
N cr,z

149 23,5
= 0,655
8151,2

149 23,5
= 0 ,787
5657 ,4

N Ed
0,04 the buckling effects may be
N cr
ignored and only cross sectional checks apply.

For slenderness 0,2 or for

EN 1993-1-1
6.3.1.2 (1)

EN 1993-1-1
6.3.1.2 (4)

Example: Pinned column using non slender H-section or RHS

CALCULATION SHEET

Document Ref:

SX004a-EN-EU

Title

Example: Pinned column using non slender H-section or


RHS

Eurocode Ref

EN 1993-1-1

Made by

Matthias Oppe

Date

June 2005

Checked by

Christian Mller

Date

June 2005

Sheet

of

Reduction factor
For axial compression in members the value of depending on the nondimensional slenderness should be determined from the relevant buckling
curve according to:

+ 2 -

but 1,0

EN 1993-1-1
6.3.1.2 (1)

2
where : = 0,5 1 + - 0,2 +

is an imperfection factor.
For h/b = 300/300 = 1,00 < 1,2 and tf = 19,0 < 100 mm
Created on Wednesday, August 18, 2010
This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

buckling about axis y-y:


Buckling curve b, imperfection factor = 0,34

y = 0,5 [1 + 0,34 (0,655 - 0,2) + 0,6552 ] = 0,792


y =
-

1
0,792 + 0,792 2 - 0,655 2

= 0,808

buckling about axis z-z:


Buckling curve c, imperfection factor = 0,49

z = 0,5 [1 + 0,49 (0,787 - 0,2) + 0,787 2 ] = 0,953


z =

1
0,953 + 0,953 2 - 0,787 2

= 0,671

= min (y; z ) = min (0,808; 0,671)


= 0,671 < 1,0
(when > 1 then = 1)
Design buckling resistance of a compression member
N b,Rd =

A fy

M1

= 0,671

149 23,5
= 2349,5 kN
1,0

Then we check:
N Ed
2000
=
= 0,85 < 1,0 OK
N b,Rd 2349,5

EN 1993-1-1
6.3.1.1 (3)
EN 1993-1-1
6.3.1.1 (1)

Example: Pinned column using non slender H-section or RHS

Example: Pinned column using non slender H-section or RHS


SX004a-EN-EU.doc

Quality Record
RESOURCE TITLE

Example: Pinned column using non slender H-section or RHS

Reference(s)
ORIGINAL DOCUMENT
Name

Company

Date

Created by

Matthias Oppe

RWTH

16/06/05

Technical content checked by

Christian Mller

RWTH

16/06/05

Editorial content checked by

D C Iles

SCI

15/07/05

1. UK

G W Owens

SCI

30/06/05

2. France

A Bureau

CTICM

30/06/05

3. Sweden

A Olsson

SBI

30/06/05

4. Germany

C Mller

RWTH

30/06/05

5. Spain

J Chica

Labein

30/06/05

G W Owens

SCI

07/06/06

Created on Wednesday, August 18, 2010


This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

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