Measurement Techniques for Air extendable to Real gas.

© All Rights Reserved

Просмотров: 38

Measurement Techniques for Air extendable to Real gas.

© All Rights Reserved

- 1820_toc
- eRep-Review of Airflow Measurement Techniques, LBNL-49747
- pitot tube
- Air Vent Heads Test-DNV-1997
- Fluid Dynamics Lab Manual
- Table of Properties
- Chapter 1
- Orifice Tutorial
- JCARME-v1n1p17
- Fluid Flow Operations _9201
- Spool Valve Leakage Behaviour
- pitot tube
- Elbow Taps Flowmeter
- ISA AD Plowery Final Draft 3-24-09
- Aakash Results
- Orific Plate Calculation
- ansul foam rim pourer.pdf
- HYDRAUL-EXPT#6.b
- CG 2015238 01 Foam Chambers
- readme.txt

Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 19

A slender tube aligned with the flow can measure local velocity by means of pressure differences. It

has sidewall holes to measure the static pressure ps in the moving stream and a hole in the front to

measure the stagnation pressure po, where the stream is decelerated to zero velocity. The pitot static tube

may also be of the modified ellipsoidal-nose type. The tube has a very small diameter compared to that of

the duct diameter, but the resultant error caused by the additional blockage effect is considered minimal for

this investigation.

Instead of measuring po and ps separately, it is customary to measure their difference with, say, a

transducer, as in Figure 1.

Fluid flow

V

ps

po

ps

ps

po

Figure 1

po

po

Pitot tubes are affected by Reynolds number at low fluid velocities. The minimum Reynolds number for

total pressure measurements is approximately 30. This is the point where the characteristic length of the

pitot tube is equal to the diameter of the impact hole. Below this value, the indicated impact pressure is

higher than the stream impact pressure due to viscosity effects. For air at standard atmospheric conditions,

the error due to low Reynolds number is only apparent for air velocities less than 12 ft./sec. (3.66 m/sec.).

And this is for pitot tubes with impact hole diameters of 0.010 inches (0.2543 mm) or less. For low-velocity

for example, U = 1 ft./sec. in standard air, p0-p equal to only 0.001 lbf/ft2 (0.048 Pa). This is beyond the

resolution of most pressure gages.

The accuracy of pitot tubes is also affected if the sensor head is not parallel to the fluid. The total and

static pressure measurement error due to yaw and pitch angles increase rapidly above angles of 5 o.

Fortunately, they cancel each other out so velocity pressure measurements are 2% accurate up to angles

of attack of 30o.

The measurements of static pressure is also sensitive to the presence of fluid boundaries. The

presence of a pitot tube in a pipe also affects the static pressure. The pitot tube partially blocks the flow

passage which increases the flow velocity in the vicinity of the device. This results in an indicated static

pressure which is less than the actual static pressure.

The speed of response of pitot tubes is also geometry dependent. The diameter of the air passage

within the probe, the diameter and length of the interconnecting tubes, and the displacement volume of the

manometer determines the time constant. For tubes diameters greater than 1/8 inches (3.175 mm) and

ordinary manometer connections, the time constant is very short. However the time constant increases

rapidly for smaller diameter tubes, with a response time of approximately 15 to 60 seconds for tubes

having a 1/16 inches (1.59 mm) diameter. Because of the slow response of the fluid-filled tubes leading to

the pressure sensors, it is not useful for unsteady-flow measurements. One common problem with pitot

tubes that have very small diameters is that they tend to choke up easily if there is fine dirt in the fluid.

The pitot static tube is useful in liquids and gases; for gases a compressibility correction is necessary if

the stream Mach number is high.

If ReD > 1000, where D is the probe diameter, the flow around the probe is nearly frictionless and

Bernoullis relation applies with good accuracy.

p2 p1 1 2

2

----------------+ --- ( V 2 V 1 ) + g ( z 2 z 1 ) = 0

2

[1]

p

p

1 2

1 2

-----1 + --- V 1 + gz 1 = -----2 + --- V 2 + gz 2 = const

2

2

[2]

or

1 2

1

2

p s + --- V + gz s p 0 + --- ( 0 ) + gz 0

2

2

Assuming that the elevation pressure difference

V th =

[3]

2 ( p0 ps )

-----------------------

[4]

p

= -------s ,

RT

[5]

p s is the static pressure in Pascal, R is the gas constant and the value is 287 m2/(s2.K), T is the absolute

temperature in Kelvin.

The velocity measured by the pitot tube needs to be corrected due to geometry and flow interactions. It

is done as follows

V = V th

where

[6]

VD

Re D = -----------

[7]

Re D

3 10

0.986

1 10

0.988

3 10

0.990

1 10

0.991

Since V is not known, process is one which requires iteration, as described next;

Hint: Start from the lowest value.

STEP 4: - Evaluate Re D

STEP 5: - Look up your guess values whether it matches with the calculated Re D or not

STEP 6: - If the assumed values is not in the calculated Re D range, repeat Steps 1 - 5.

NOTE:

Different sensors will require a calibration data generated for that particular case. If such information is not

available use the table above as valid for the pitot tube you are using. Depending on the application you

have, you may also be advised to delete velocity correction altogether, = 1.

For channel flow where an average velocity is required, ( p 0 p s ) can also be determined by

evaluating the effective pressure (or average) for the channel after multiple measurements as follows:

P eff

1

= ---N

j=N

0.5

P j

[8]

j=1

The volumetric airflow rate can be directly determined from the velocity profile across the duct. Recall

.

that a fluid of velocity u passing across an infinitesimal area dA with outward unit normal vector n

u

n

dA

Figure 2

Velocity Profile

Denoting the cross sectional area of the duct as A, the volume flow rate through any given cross

section of the duct can be found from integration

Q =

( u n ) d A

[9]

For a flow which is axisymmetric, the velocity is only a function of radial distance from the tube axis

(centerline) as it is in the case of circular cross-section but it will have also have an azimuthal angle

dependency otherwise.

What follows is a discussion for a channel of circular cross-section area only. In this instance,

u = u(r )

[10]

dA = 2rdr

[11]

where r is the radial distance from centerline, which varies from r=0 to r=R (the tube wall). The vector dotproduct can be simplified by recognizing the flow velocity is always perpendicular to the cross section of

the tube. Thus

u ( r ) n = u ( r )

[12]

where u is the magnitude of the velocity. With these simplifications, the volumetric flow-rate in the circular

tube is given by

r=R

Q =

2u ( r )r dr

[13]

r=0

Knowing the velocity profile u(r) then allows us to calculate the volumetric flow rate by integration.

Since the data set is usually limited to a finite number of values u(r), we cannot perform the exact analytic

integral. We can, however, use a numerical estimate to approximately evaluate the flow rate. This

numerical estimate is best understood by recognizing that integration is the process of calculating the area

underneath a curve.

The curve in Figure 3 represents the true function u(r), for which the discrete values u 1 = u ( r 1 ) ,

u 2 = u ( r 2 ) , etc. are available. We can approximate the integration by summing the areas represented

by the shaded rectangles. In this case, the flow rate can be estimated from

u(r)

u1

u2

dr1 dr2

r1

r2

r3

r4

r5

r6=R

6

Q 2

un r n dr n

[14]

n=1

Q 2 ( u 1 r 1 dr 1 + u 2 r 2 dr 2 + u 3 r 3 dr 3 + u 4 r 4 dr 4 + u 5 r 5 dr 5 + u 6 r 6 dr 6 )

[15]

m = Q

[16]

Consider the generalized flow obstruction shown in Figure 4.

Figure 4

Meter

The energy grade line (EGL) shows the height of the total Bernoulli constant

2

p V

h 0 = z + --- + ----- 2g

[17]

2

V

-----2g

[18]

p

z + --

[19]

that is, the EGL minus the velocity head. The HGL is the height to which liquid would rise in a piezometer

tube attached to the flow. In an open-channel flow the HGL is identical to the free surface of the water.

The flow in the basic duct of diameter D is forced through an obstruction of diameter d; the is a key

parameter of the device,

d

= ---D

[20]

After leaving the obstruction, the flow may neck down even more through a vena contracta of diameter

D2 < d, as shown. Apply the continuity and Bernoulli equations for incompressible steady frictionless flow

to estimate the pressure change:

Continuity:

2

2

Q = --- D V 1 = D 2 V 2

4

[21]

Bernoulli

1 2

1 2

p 0 = p 1 + --- V 1 = p + --- V 2

2

2

Eliminating

[22]

2 ( p1 p2 )

Q

------ = V 2 ---------------------------------4

4

A2

( 1 D2 D )

12

[23]

But this is surely inaccurate because we neglected friction in a duct flow, where we know friction will be

very important. Nor do we want to get into the business of measuring vena contracta ratios D2/d for use in

Equation 23. We assume that D 2 D and then calibrate the device to fit the relation.

2 ( p1 p2 )

Q = A t V t C d A t ------------------------4

(1 )

12

[24]

where subscript t denotes the throat of the obstruction. The dimensionless discharge coefficient Cd

accounts for the discrepancies in the approximate analysis. By dimensional analysis for a given design we

expect

C d = f ( , Re D )

[25]

V 1 D

Re D = -------------

[26]

where

4 1 2

E = (1 )

[27]

One can also group Cd and E in Equation 24 to form the dimensionless flow coefficient

Cd

= C d E = -------------------------4 12

(1 )

[28]

Thus,

2 ( p1 p2 )

Q = A t -------------------------

12

[29]

= f ( , Re D )

[30]

Occasionally one uses the throat Reynolds number instead of the approach Reynolds number

V t d

Re

= ---------DRe D = -----------

[31]

Since the design parameters are assumed known, the correlation of or of C d is the desired solution

to the fluid-metering problem.

Figure 5 shows three basic devices recommended for use by the International Organization for

Standardization (ISO): the orifice, nozzle, and venturi tube.

Figure 5

Thin-Plate Orifice.

An orifice plate is nothing but a flat plate with a hole in it. Once placed in the duct, it restricts flow and

causes an increase in velocity similar to a venturi. Directly behind the orifice plate an area of low pressure

exists. By measuring the difference in pressure from this point to the-free flowing duct, the volumetric flow

rate can be found using the following equation:

2

d 2P 3

Q = --------- ----------- m s

4

u

[32]

where flow coefficient, expansibility factor, d diameter of orifice, m, P pressure drop over orifice

plate, Pa, u density upstream of the device (i.e. at atmospheric pressure) kg/m3.

The values of for the orifice plates are as follows:

65 mm orifice: = 0.599

95 mm orifice: = 0.596

The value of for an inlet orifice is given by the following expression

P

= 0.42 ------Pu

where

[33]

Nozzle.

The flow nozzle, with its smooth rounded entrance convergence, practically eliminates the vena

contracta and gives discharge coefficients near unity. The volumetric flow rate is determined from the

following expression;

2

d 2P 3

Q = --------- ----------- m s

4

u

[34]

= 0.986 ( 0.0055 10

P )

[35]

A venturi is just a gradual constriction in the duct. Since the mass flow rate is constant, the velocity

must increase as the area decreases. A change in static pressure occurs, and that change in pressure can

be used to find the flow rate using the following formula and dimensions (same as the nozzle).

2

d V 2P 3

Q = ---------- ----------- m s

4

u

[36]

= 0.986 ( 0.0055 10

P )

[37]

This device is mounted on the inlet side of the fan ducting. The volume flow

the expressions

Q relationship is given by

d V 2P 3

Q = ---------- ----------- m s

4

u

[38]

where

0.2

= 1.0 0.5Re d

[39]

and

= 0.960 when Re d 30 10

[40]

Note that conical inlet flow measurement should not be used when Red<2x104. Here, d diameter of constant diameter duct section (meters) = 0.095, I is density of air upstream device - (kg/m3), P differential

pressure measured in pascals [kg/(m.s2)].

On/Off switch

manometers

Start button

Fan outlet

valve

venturi

Off button

Pitot tube

Fan

Place the

orice or

nozzle

here

nozzle

conical inlet

65 mm orice

95 mm nozzle

95 mm orice

10

Apparatus

Air Flow Bench, Manometers (small & large scale), Orifice (65 mm & 95 mm), Nozzle (95 mm), Conical

Inlet cone, Venturi, Pitot tube

1.

Couple the 1 meter long ducting to the flow straightening section positioned at the inlet of the fan

using the toggle catches

2.

Attached the orifice inlet adapter housing to that 1 meter duct

3.

Support the overhanging section of the assembly to a suitable height using the stand

4.

Ensure that the flow straightening honeycomb disc is positioned squarely within the orifice inlet

adapter housing

5.

Insert the 65 mm orifice plate into the inlet adaptor housing. (The orifice plate is positioned with

the counter sunk side downstream from the inlet, i.e. facing into the housing)

6.

Fit the pitot static tube and scale to the 1 meter ductwork at any of the three radial positions.

(Blank off the pitot static tube tappings if not in use)

7.

Connect the pitot static tube to the smaller manometer (Total Pressure to the back of the small

manometer inlet) (Static Pressure to the limb of the smaller adapter

8.

Connect the orifice adapter housing tapping to the larger manometer limb.

9.

Set each manometer limb in the upright position, level and zero the manometer

10. Fully close the fan outlet valve and then switch on the fan

11. Set the orifice plate manometer limb to the most sensitive position possible and re-zero it again

(after disconnecting the pressure taping tube). Record the reading in kPa

Note: The readings should be multiplied with the multiplier written on that manometer.

Apparatus

Standard test section, pitot-static probe, probe positioner, Manometers

1.

Install the standard test section in the wind tunnel

2.

Install a pitot-static probe, in the probe positioner and through the duct access hole in the test

section

3.

Connect pressure tubing from the static and total pressure taps on the pitot-static tube to one of

the appropriate manometers

4.

Using the variable frequency drive control to adjust fan speed and the pitot tube positioner to

locate the pitot tube vertical location in the duct, read and record velocity pressures at various locations

Note: The lab instructor will show how to turn on/off the drive control and monitor the speed.

Area of the inside duct (standard test section) is 0.444 ft2 (0.0413 m2) inside dimensions.

11

EXPERIMENT I

Pitot-Tube Based Velocity Profile and Flow Rate Measurements

Cusson Wind Tunnel (D = 147 mm)

Trial #

Almost closed

p

M=1

+ 6 cm

M=2

+ 5 cm

M=3

+ 4 cm

M=4

+ 3 cm

M=5

+ 2 cm

M=6

+ 1 cm

M=7

CENTER: 0 cm

Effective

Average

Velocity

Volume Flow

Rate

Mass Flow

rate

Center

Almost open

P eff = Eq ( 8 ) (Pascal)

V av (m/s)

Q = AV av

m = Q (kg/s)

For air at 20oC and 1 atm; = 1.20 kg/m3, = 1.8 E-5 kg/(m.s), = 1.51 E-5 m2/sec

1.

Traverse the pitot static tube across the diameter of the ductwork, noting the manometer reading

at each position and record them in Data Sheet. (The manometer should be in the most sensitive position

possible, bearing in mind that the maximum values will be obtained at the central positions)

2.

Repeat the experiments again by adjusting the fan outlet to the center and almost open position and record your data in Data Sheet.

Assignments:

Calculate the entrance length required to establish a fully developed boundary layer at inlet (refer

to Chapter 6 of your text book).

Discuss the velocity profile within the light of the entrance length.

12

EXPERIMENT II

Pitot-Tube Based Velocity Profile and Flow Rate Measurements

Hampden Wind Tunnel (Test section Inside area 0.0413 m2)

Trial #

N = 800 rpm

p

M=5

+ 8 cm

M=4

+ 6 cm

M=3

+ 4 cm

M=2

+ 2 cm

M=1

CENTER: 0 cm

Effective

Average

Velocity

Volume Flow

Rate

Mass Flow

Rate

N = 1600 rpm

N = 2400 rpm

P eff = Eq ( 8 ) (Pascal)

V av (m/s)

Q = AV av

m = Q (kg/s)

For air at 20oC and 1 atm; = 1.20 kg/m3, = 1.8 E-5 kg/(m.s), = 1.51 E-5 m2/sec

1.

Traverse the pitot static tube across the cross section of the test chamber, noting the manometer

reading at each position and record them in Data Sheet. (The manometer should be in the most sensitive

position possible, bearing in mind that the maximum values will be obtained at the central positions)

2.

Repeat the experiments again by adjusting the fan outlet to the center and almost open position and record your data in Data Sheet.

Assignments:

Calculate the entrance length required to establish a fully developed boundary layer at inlet (refer

to Chapter 6 of your text book).

Discuss the velocity profile within the light of the entrance length.

13

EXPERIMENT III

Cusson Wind Tunnel (D = 147 mm)

Orifice Plate For Flow Rate Measurements

Valve Positions)

P kPa

Q m3/s

Q m3/s

Almost closed

Center

Almost Open

Valve Positions)

P kPa

Almost closed

Center

Almost Open

Valve Positions)

P kPa

Q m3/s

Almost closed

Center

Almost Open

Valve Positions)

P kPa

Almost closed

Center

Almost Open

14

Q m3/s

Background

Pressure Measurements In Moving Fluids

Pressure measurements in moving fluids deserve special considerations. Consider the flow over the

bluff body shown in Figure 1.

Figure 6

Assume that the upstream flow is uniform and steady. Points along the two streamlines labeled as A

are to be studied. Along streamline A, the flow moves with a velocity, V 1 , such as at point 1 upstream of

the body. As the flow approaches point 2 it must slow down and finally stop at the front end of the body.

Point 2 is known as the stagnation point and streamline A the stagnation streamline for this flow. Along

streamline B, the velocity at point 3 will be V 3 and because the upstream flow is considered to be uniform

it follows that V 1 = V 3 . As the flow along B approaches the body, it is deflected around the body. From

conservation of mass principles, V 4 > V 3 . Application of conservation of energy between points 1 and 2

and between 3 and 4 yields

2

p 1 + ( V 1 ) ( 2g ) = p 2 + ( V 2 ) ( 2g )

[41]

p 3 + ( V 3 ) ( 2g ) = p 4 + ( V 4 ) ( 2g )

[42]

V 2 = 0 , and

p 2 = p total = p 0 = p 1 + ( V 1 ) ( 2g )

[43]

2

Hence, it follows that p 2 > p 1 by an amount equal to V 2 2g , an amount equivalent to the kinetic

energy per unit mass of the flow as it moves along the streamline. If the flow is brought to rest in an

isentropic manner (i.e., no energy lost through irreversible processes such as through a transfer of heat1),

15

this translational kinetic energy will be transferred completely into p2 is known as the stagnation or total

pressure and will be noted as p0. The total pressure can be determined by bringing the flow to rest at a

point in an isentropic manner.

The flow at 1, 3, and 4 are known as the stream or static pressures2 of the flow. Because the flow is

uniform, V 1 = V 3 , so that p 3 = p 1 . The static pressure and velocity at points 1 and 3 are known as the

freestream pressure and freestream velocity. However, as the flow accelerates around the body its velocity

increases such that, from Eq (1), p 4 p 3 . The pressure, such as at point 4, is called a local static

pressure. The static pressure is that pressure sensed by a fluid particle as it is moves with the same

velocity as the local flow.

Background

Closely related to the steady-flow energy equation is relation between pressure, velocity, and elevation

in a frictionless flow, now called the Bernoulli equation. The Bernoulli equation is very famous and very

widely used, but one should be wary of its restrictions - all fluids are viscous and thus all flows have friction

to some extent. to use the Bernoulli equation correctly, one must confine it to regions of the flow which are

nearly frictionless.

For an incompressible fluid, the Bernoulli equation is

( p2 p1 ) 1 2

2

---------------------- + --- ( V 2 V 1 ) + g ( z 2 z 1 ) = 0

[44]

2

2

2

V

p

V

p

-----1 + -----1- + gz 1 = -----2 + -----2- + gz 2 = const

[45]

22

22

V

p

V

p

-----1 + -----1- + z 1 = -----2 + -----2- + z 2 = const

[46]

2g

2g 2

p

V

where --- is the static pressure head; ------ is the velocity pressure head; and z is the potential energy head.

pressure head is equal to the2gsum of the static and velocity pressure heads. This is the Bernoulli

The total

equation for steady frictionless incompressible flow along a streamline.

A venturi tube can be used to demonstrate the Bernoulli equation as shown in Figure 3.

Figure 3: Venturi

AIR FLOW

DIRECTION

to

2

p

V

p

V

-----1 + -----1- = -----2 + -----2- = const

2g

2g

[47]

Using the conservation of mass, the mass flow rate at points 1 and 2 must be the same, or

V 1 A 1 = V 2 A 2

[48]

16

EXPERIMENT IV

(HAMPDEN WINDTUNNEL)

Objective

To investigate the Bernoulli equation as it relates to pressure and velocity of a fluid along a streamline.

Experimental Setups

3.

Attached the venturi section with convergent and divergent sections oriented as shown in Figure

4. Make sure that the fastening screws are tightened to provide a tight seal.

Figure 7

Schematic Diagram

4.

Install a pitot-static probe into the probe positioner and one access hole in the duct. Align the

probe head with the center line of the convergent-divergent section.

5.

Connect the total and static pressure taps of the pitot-static tube to the appropriate manometers

as shown in Figure 4. please note that the choice of which inclined manometer is used depends on the

magnitude of the static pressure; and this changes along the length of the venturi tube. Two universal tee

connectors are required.

17

Experimental Procedure

6.

Turn ON the fan and use the variable frequency drive control to adjust fan speed. Always run the

fan in forward for proper air flow direction.

STEP 1

Press JOG button.

STEP 2

Press LOCAL.

STEP 3

Press FWD.

STEP 4

Press ARROW BUTTON UP to increase the speed or Press ARROW BUTTON

DOWN to decrease the speed.

STEP 5

Press STOP to turn OFF the fan

STEP 6

Directly Press FWD to choose the same speed as chosen before.

7.

Measure and record the total, static, and velocity pressures (inches of H2O) at various points

along the cross section of the venturi tube at each location.

Equations:

P total = P static + P dynamic

[49]

[50]

P = gh static = h static

[51]

( P static ) abs

= -------------------------RT

[52]

2

2

2

constant (287 m ( s K ) T is the absolute temperature (K)

2

2P

----------- in m/s; where P in Pascal or N m

V =

[53]

Conversions:

2

1cm = 1 10 m

1Pa = 1N m

[54]

[55]

1inH 2 O = 249.1Pa

[56]

1atm = 101325Pa

[57]

1inHg = 3372.2Pa

[58]

1mmHg = 133.32Pa

[59]

Assignments

Plot AV and Bernoulli Constant along the venturi.

(Refer to Eq (3) for Bernoulli Constant)

18

DATA SHEET IV

Fan = _____rpm Patm = ___ inH2O = ____N/m2 T = ________ K

(Pressure)gauge

Test

#

Types

inH2O

N/m2

AV

P/

V2/2g

Bernoulli

Constant

m2

m/s

kg/s

meter

meter

meter

Pstatic

1

Ptotal

P

Pstatic

2

Ptotal

P

Pstatic

3

Ptotal

P

Pstatic

4

Ptotal

P

Pstatic

5

Ptotal

P

Pstatic

6

Ptotal

P

Pstatic

7

Ptotal

P

Pstatic

8

Ptotal

P

Pstatic

9

Ptotal

P

Pstatic

10

= _______ kg/m3

Ptotal

P

19

- 1820_tocЗагружено:scoop!
- eRep-Review of Airflow Measurement Techniques, LBNL-49747Загружено:Moly69x
- pitot tubeЗагружено:Dianita Citra Dewi
- Air Vent Heads Test-DNV-1997Загружено:cat_oulala
- Fluid Dynamics Lab ManualЗагружено:Parthiban Parasuraman
- Table of PropertiesЗагружено:Francisco Escobar
- Chapter 1Загружено:CharleneKronstedt
- Orifice TutorialЗагружено:Charan Raj
- JCARME-v1n1p17Загружено:Sharat Chandra
- Fluid Flow Operations _9201Загружено:Ankit Patel
- Spool Valve Leakage BehaviourЗагружено:Petur G. Petrov
- pitot tubeЗагружено:MUHAMMAD AKRAM
- Elbow Taps FlowmeterЗагружено:shahbazalam4a5
- ISA AD Plowery Final Draft 3-24-09Загружено:Patrick Lowery
- Aakash ResultsЗагружено:Soumyadip Guchhait
- Orific Plate CalculationЗагружено:Phyu Mar Thein Kyaw
- ansul foam rim pourer.pdfЗагружено:Iskandar Hasibuan
- HYDRAUL-EXPT#6.bЗагружено:JessicaTicse
- CG 2015238 01 Foam ChambersЗагружено:Iskandar Hasibuan
- readme.txtЗагружено:pitagoras73
- Cuarto Electrico MecanicoЗагружено:Wilmer Quispe
- _Ch5-Mass,Загружено:Ikhsan Kholis
- GasLiftDesign PTCЗагружено:Jose Antonio Olvera Jimenez
- ENotes_ Manufacturing ProcessesЗагружено:priyankar007
- AFC Technical NoteЗагружено:A'peace Avianiac
- Experiment 7 Hydraulics LabЗагружено:Nur Liyani
- quadratics brochureЗагружено:api-250753975
- applicationsofbernoulliequation-150125123345-conversion-gate02.pptxЗагружено:chemsac2
- Bernoulli EquationЗагружено:Shida Shidot
- Medicion de flujo confinadoЗагружено:Luis Leiva Sanchez

- Tutoria LatexЗагружено:Thales Estevão
- Vacon 100 FLOW Application Manual DPD01083G UKЗагружено:gimmyhead_69
- 87823215-1004936-Phantom-D72Загружено:gimmyhead_69
- 19940031540Загружено:gimmyhead_69
- MATH3403_A1sЗагружено:gimmyhead_69
- The Commissioning Approach 2012 Chemical and Process Plant Commissioning HandbookЗагружено:gimmyhead_69
- Industrial AutomationЗагружено:Pradeep Kumar Maraptla
- Symbolic Manipulation in DymolaЗагружено:gimmyhead_69
- EnergyЗагружено:gimmyhead_69
- Writing Effective ParagraphsЗагружено:gimmyhead_69
- 138219Загружено:Sravan Kumar
- AGARD-AG-54Загружено:Aeroengg
- Hw SolutionsЗагружено:gimmyhead_69
- Hypersonic WindTunnelЗагружено:gimmyhead_69
- Fundamental Concepts of Real Gas DynamicsЗагружено:gimmyhead_69
- Flow Rotating DiskЗагружено:gimmyhead_69
- Rotating Disk PofЗагружено:gimmyhead_69
- Aspen Plate Exchanger-get StartedЗагружено:gimmyhead_69
- 1003012_ImagingTools_D82Загружено:gimmyhead_69
- Ansys Icem Cfd 14 - User ManualЗагружено:gimmyhead_69
- 2012contact-SOLS10Загружено:gimmyhead_69
- 2012contact-SOLS02Загружено:gimmyhead_69

- OM-04384Загружено:Earl Harbert
- BP ProcedureЗагружено:flomar22
- Model Paper_Thermodynamics.pdfЗагружено:Dilanka S Gunasinha
- Soil SuctionЗагружено:Sallam Mohammed
- Article on Dry Gas Seals.pdfЗагружено:anoopthazhath
- Catalogo General Dwyer.pdfЗагружено:Gilberto Meneses Navarro
- Hmt Lab ManualsЗагружено:Abhishek Singh
- RPT F4 2016Загружено:NikAkramRosli
- Review of Compressible Pulsating Flow Effects on System PerformanceЗагружено:Jose Prado
- Bayard-Alpert Ionization GaugesЗагружено:baltazarme
- Flow of Fluids 2010 SpecialЗагружено:roxette
- transmisor de presionЗагружено:geovannycarpio
- Glossary of Boiler Terms and DefinitionsЗагружено:madodandembe
- Cerabar M PMC51, PMP51, PMP55.pdfЗагружено:Juan Carlos David
- f860-v5Загружено:TK
- Fluid Plate 3-1Загружено:Patrick Jude Moso Agudera
- pressure transmitterЗагружено:SANJAY
- API MPMS 4.9.1 1st Oct. 2005 R2015.pdfЗагружено:Radhouane Damergi
- C3.PDFЗагружено:Jesus Mac Leod
- Efficiency Test on Generating Units (10 pages of text).pdfЗагружено:yadi_bae
- Using Pressure Tests to Define Fluid Contacts InЗагружено:Albus Severus
- 3” Drilling Performance SubЗагружено:Qiang Zhang
- DS_PE8172_GB_1654Загружено:kumar
- FLUID MECHANICS NOTES.pdfЗагружено:virendra
- Bernoulli's Theorem Demonstration Lab Report UitmЗагружено:MXR-3
- Nptel.ac.in Aeronautical Fluid Mechanics Done Course Fluid MechanicsЗагружено:Mani Kumar
- Multivariable FT -YokogawaЗагружено:Googool Y
- 2 RAPS1&2Загружено:1dhaval11
- FESTO Air Unit : Filter, Regulators, LubricatorЗагружено:Parinpa Ketar
- Duct DesignЗагружено:hfguerrac