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28/06/2011

AS/NZS 7000
Electrical Clearances (Sect. 3)
Tony Gillespie
Power Engineering Consultant
Gillespie Power Consultancy
Australian Panel B2 – Overhead Lines
Seminar – Management of Overhead Lines
Sydney 4 – 5 March
2008
Topics
Insulator swing and
structure top clearances
Attached & unattached
crossings clearances
Mid span clearance
Ground clearance
Building clearances
Waterways

28/06/2011

New Things
Hand reach clearance
Limit state insulator swing
Electrical Clearances
Minimum standards for safe & reliable
operation
• Consider inspection & maintenance methods
• Consider live line methods
•Bare hand
•Sticks
•Helicopters

28/06/2011

Electrical Clearance Serviceability States
(Sect. 2.2.1.5)
Based on CIGRE TB 348 Tower top geometry &
mid span clearances, June 2008
Insulator swing states based on reliability
M aintenance approach
Insulator Swing States
a)
Low/still wind - Maintenance
& live line clearance at 100Pa (
min 50Pa )
b)
Moderate wind – Lightning
impulse & switching
overvoltage at 300Pa (min
P ow er freq.
w ith s ta n d
P
m ax w ind
3
Im p u lse
w ith s ta n d
2
P
inte rm ed iate
1
P m tce
100Pa)
c)
High wind – power frequency
clearance at 500Pa
C on d u cto r d efle ctio ns
Climbing corridor

28/06/2011

Insulator Swing Calculation (App. R)
Insulator Swing Calculation (App. R)
Oxygen conductor ( 23.8mm diameter,
0.925kg/m )
Wind span 200m
Weight span 120m
10 only 70kN discs ( 4.1kg each, 0.022m 2 each)
20kN horizontal tension for 500Pa ( edt of 20% )
No deviation angle
500Pa wind
Calculated swing angle is 63º
Earthed structure
Minimum phase/ground
clearance
θ

28/06/2011

Insulator Swing Calculation (App. R)
For flat ground, weight span equal to wind
span, swing is 51º
If designed for 51º swing then insufficient
clearances in rolling terrain ( require 63º )
Limit state swing angles
21º for low wind 100Pa
51º for moderate wind 300Pa
63º for high wind 500Pa
Impulse & Power Frequency Clearances
(Table 3.4)

28/06/2011

Maintenance Approach
Distances
• ENA NENS – 04
• NZECP34 – note – covers all
clearances, not just maintenance
EEA SM-EI

 Nominal Phase to Phase ac Voltage (kV) Safe Approach Distance (mm) Low voltage Instructed Person – no contact Authorised Person – insulated contact only 11 700 22 700 33 700 50 750 66 1000 110 1000 132 1200 220 1800 275 2300 330 3000 400 3300 500 3900

28/06/2011

Hand Reach Clearance (Sect. 3.5.3)
• Accident in Victoria
• Live access clearance
Can’t live climb poles
110kV & below
• Towers 1700mm
• Poles 1300mm
Live Line Clearances (Table 3.5)
•AS 5804 HV Live Work
replaces the ENA documents
ECP46.1: Glove
and Barrier
ECP46.2:
Barehand
ECP46.3: Stick

28/06/2011

Live Line Clearances (Table 3.5)
Climbing & Access (Sect. 13, App. M)
• Refer to Handbook
• Risk assessment
•Ground access
•Height & type of structure
•Frequency of access
•Skill set of personnel

28/06/2011

Access Methods
• EWP
• Climbing with fall protection
• Helicopters
132kV Pole Top Clearance Example

28/06/2011

Other Clearance States (Sect. 3.5.4)
• Maximum operating temperature
• Ice
• Combined wind and snow/ice

28/06/2011

Mid Span Clearance (Sect. 3.7.3)
Empirical formula for
minimum midspan
separation to avoid
clashing
Mid Span Clearance Calculation

28/06/2011

Mid Span Clearance Calculation
11kV line post trident ( insulator length = 0m )
150m span
Pluto 4m sag at 50°C
Centre phase height offset Y = 0.5m
K = 0.4
X = 0.68m
Mid Span Clearance Calculation
11kV line post trident ( insulator length = 0m )
150m span
Pluto 4m sag at 50°C
Centre phase height offset Y = 0m (incorrect
sagging)
K = 0.4
X = 0.87m

28/06/2011

Bush Fire Prone Location
Fire Prone Mid Span Clearance
11kV line post trident ( insulator length
= 0m )
150m span
Pluto 4m sag at 50°C
Centre phase height offset Y = 0.0m
K = 0.6 for fire prone area, turbulent
winds or >6kA fault current
X = 1.27m

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Unattached Crossings (Sect. 3.7.1)
Table 3.1

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Attached Crossings (Sect. 3.7.2)

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Table 3.3
Ground Clearance Table 3.6

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Ground Clearance Table 3.7
Inter Span Poles

28/06/2011

Building Clearances
Building Clearances Table 3.8

28/06/2011

Waterways
• AS6947
• EEA/Maritime Safety Authority
Guide to Safety Management of
Power Line Waterway Crossings
Questions?
Australian Panel B2 – Overhead Lines
Seminar – Management of Overhead Lines
Sydney 4 – 5 March
2008