Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 19

28/06/2011

AS/NZS 7000 Electrical Clearances (Sect. 3) Tony Gillespie Power Engineering Consultant Gillespie Power Consultancy
AS/NZS 7000
Electrical Clearances (Sect. 3)
Tony Gillespie
Power Engineering Consultant
Gillespie Power Consultancy
Australian Panel B2 – Overhead Lines
Seminar – Management of Overhead Lines
Sydney 4 – 5 March
2008
Topics Insulator swing and structure top clearances Attached & unattached crossings clearances Mid span clearance
Topics
Insulator swing and
structure top clearances
Attached & unattached
crossings clearances
Mid span clearance
Ground clearance
Building clearances
Waterways

28/06/2011

New Things Hand reach clearance Limit state insulator swing
New Things
Hand reach clearance
Limit state insulator swing
Electrical Clearances • Minimum standards for safe & reliable operation • Consider inspection &
Electrical Clearances
Minimum standards for safe & reliable
operation
• Consider inspection & maintenance methods
• Consider live line methods
•Bare hand
•Sticks
•Helicopters

28/06/2011

Electrical Clearance Serviceability States (Sect. 2.2.1.5) Based on CIGRE TB 348 Tower top geometry &
Electrical Clearance Serviceability States
(Sect. 2.2.1.5)
Based on CIGRE TB 348 Tower top geometry &
mid span clearances, June 2008
Insulator swing states based on reliability
M aintenance approach Insulator Swing States a) Low/still wind - Maintenance & live line clearance
M aintenance approach
Insulator Swing States
a)
Low/still wind - Maintenance
& live line clearance at 100Pa (
min 50Pa )
b)
Moderate wind – Lightning
impulse & switching
overvoltage at 300Pa (min
P ow er freq.
w ith s ta n d
P
m ax w ind
3
Im p u lse
w ith s ta n d
2
P
inte rm ed iate
1
P m tce
100Pa)
c)
High wind – power frequency
clearance at 500Pa
C on d u cto r d efle ctio ns
Climbing corridor

28/06/2011

Insulator Swing Calculation (App. R)
Insulator Swing Calculation (App. R)
Insulator Swing Calculation (App. R) Oxygen conductor ( 23.8mm diameter, 0.925kg/m ) Wind span 200m
Insulator Swing Calculation (App. R)
Oxygen conductor ( 23.8mm diameter,
0.925kg/m )
Wind span 200m
Weight span 120m
10 only 70kN discs ( 4.1kg each, 0.022m 2 each)
20kN horizontal tension for 500Pa ( edt of 20% )
No deviation angle
500Pa wind
Calculated swing angle is 63º
Earthed structure
Minimum phase/ground
clearance
Wind loading F T
Weight loading F v
θ

28/06/2011

Insulator Swing Calculation (App. R) For flat ground, weight span equal to wind span, swing
Insulator Swing Calculation (App. R)
For flat ground, weight span equal to wind
span, swing is 51º
If designed for 51º swing then insufficient
clearances in rolling terrain ( require 63º )
Limit state swing angles
21º for low wind 100Pa
51º for moderate wind 300Pa
63º for high wind 500Pa
Impulse & Power Frequency Clearances (Table 3.4)
Impulse & Power Frequency Clearances
(Table 3.4)

28/06/2011

Maintenance Approach Distances • ENA NENS – 04 • NZECP34 – note – covers all
Maintenance Approach
Distances
• ENA NENS – 04
• NZECP34 – note – covers all
clearances, not just maintenance
EEA SM-EI
NENS-04 MAD Nominal Phase to Phase ac Voltage (kV) Safe Approach Distance (mm) Low voltage

NENS-04 MAD

Nominal Phase to Phase ac Voltage (kV)

Safe Approach Distance (mm)

Low voltage

Instructed Person no contact Authorised Person insulated contact only

11

700

22

700

33

700

50

750

66

1000

110

1000

132

1200

220

1800

275

2300

330

3000

400

3300

500

3900

66 1000 110 1000 132 1200 220 1800 275 2300 330 3000 400 3300 500 3900

28/06/2011

Hand Reach Clearance (Sect. 3.5.3) • Accident in Victoria • Live access clearance • Can’t
Hand Reach Clearance (Sect. 3.5.3)
• Accident in Victoria
• Live access clearance
Can’t live climb poles
110kV & below
• Towers 1700mm
• Poles 1300mm
Live Line Clearances (Table 3.5) •AS 5804 HV Live Work replaces the ENA documents •
Live Line Clearances (Table 3.5)
•AS 5804 HV Live Work
replaces the ENA documents
ECP46.1: Glove
and Barrier
ECP46.2:
Barehand
ECP46.3: Stick

28/06/2011

Live Line Clearances (Table 3.5)
Live Line Clearances (Table 3.5)
Climbing & Access (Sect. 13, App. M) • Refer to Handbook • Risk assessment •Ground
Climbing & Access (Sect. 13, App. M)
• Refer to Handbook
• Risk assessment
•Ground access
•Height & type of structure
•Frequency of access
•Skill set of personnel

28/06/2011

Access Methods • EWP • Climbing with fall protection • Helicopters
Access Methods
• EWP
• Climbing with fall protection
• Helicopters
132kV Pole Top Clearance Example
132kV Pole Top Clearance Example

28/06/2011

28/06/2011 Other Clearance States (Sect. 3.5.4) • Maximum operating temperature • Ice • Combined wind and
Other Clearance States (Sect. 3.5.4) • Maximum operating temperature • Ice • Combined wind and
Other Clearance States (Sect. 3.5.4)
• Maximum operating temperature
• Ice
• Combined wind and snow/ice

28/06/2011

Mid Span Clearance (Sect. 3.7.3) Empirical formula for minimum midspan separation to avoid clashing
Mid Span Clearance (Sect. 3.7.3)
Empirical formula for
minimum midspan
separation to avoid
clashing
Mid Span Clearance Calculation
Mid Span Clearance Calculation

28/06/2011

Mid Span Clearance Calculation 11kV line post trident ( insulator length = 0m ) 150m
Mid Span Clearance Calculation
11kV line post trident ( insulator length = 0m )
150m span
Pluto 4m sag at 50°C
Centre phase height offset Y = 0.5m
K = 0.4
X = 0.68m
Mid Span Clearance Calculation 11kV line post trident ( insulator length = 0m ) 150m
Mid Span Clearance Calculation
11kV line post trident ( insulator length = 0m )
150m span
Pluto 4m sag at 50°C
Centre phase height offset Y = 0m (incorrect
sagging)
K = 0.4
X = 0.87m

28/06/2011

Bush Fire Prone Location
Bush Fire Prone Location
Fire Prone Mid Span Clearance 11kV line post trident ( insulator length = 0m )
Fire Prone Mid Span Clearance
11kV line post trident ( insulator length
= 0m )
150m span
Pluto 4m sag at 50°C
Centre phase height offset Y = 0.0m
K = 0.6 for fire prone area, turbulent
winds or >6kA fault current
X = 1.27m

28/06/2011

Unattached Crossings (Sect. 3.7.1)
Unattached Crossings (Sect. 3.7.1)
Table 3.1
Table 3.1

28/06/2011

Dynamic Load Clearance
Dynamic Load Clearance
Attached Crossings (Sect. 3.7.2)
Attached Crossings (Sect. 3.7.2)

28/06/2011

Table 3.3
Table 3.3
Ground Clearance Table 3.6
Ground Clearance Table 3.6

28/06/2011

Ground Clearance Table 3.7
Ground Clearance Table 3.7
Inter Span Poles
Inter Span Poles

28/06/2011

Building Clearances
Building Clearances
Building Clearances Table 3.8
Building Clearances Table 3.8

28/06/2011

Waterways • AS6947 • EEA/Maritime Safety Authority Guide to Safety Management of Power Line Waterway
Waterways
• AS6947
• EEA/Maritime Safety Authority
Guide to Safety Management of
Power Line Waterway Crossings
Questions? Australian Panel B2 – Overhead Lines Seminar – Management of Overhead Lines Sydney 4
Questions?
Australian Panel B2 – Overhead Lines
Seminar – Management of Overhead Lines
Sydney 4 – 5 March
2008