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Motor Quality Guide your questions answered

Motor Quality Guide your questions answered

Introduction

Introduction Reliability is by far the most important aspect of a motor or a generator The

Reliability is by far the most important aspect of a motor or a generator

The only time the motor is really noticed is when it fails. Unplanned downtime can cost as much as a new motor every five minutes, rapidly adding to the life cycle cost.

The support and know-how of the manufacturer can be as important as the product quality

For a healthy bottom line, it is important to select quality motors and generators that won’t let you down, from a manufacturer with an adequate support infrastructure.

Purchase price is insignificant when compared to the overall life cycle cost

The AC motor is the workhorse of industry. It is a fit-and-forget item, expected to last for many years. Its life cycle cost is mainly made up by the electricity it consumes – for every euro you spend buying the motor, you will typically spend 100 euros running it over a 10-year life cycle.

you will typically spend 100 euros running it over a 10-year life cycle. There is more

There is more to motors than meets the eye

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What do you need from a manufacturer?

What do you need from a manufacturer? There are three major aspects to quality – materials,

There are three major aspects to quality – materials, systems and people

Quality materials

The life expectancy of a motor can exceed 20 years, which is why the use of quality materials is of paramount importance. The motor is the prime mover and the reliability of the plant will depend on the quality of the motor. However there is more to motors than meets the eye. For this reason, care should be taken when selecting a motor supplier. A quality motor or generator, correctly selected and dimensioned, will provide many years of trouble free performance.

Quality systems

Fast and efficient access to information and support is essential for any business. Online documentation, ordering and delivery tracking systems should be available 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, to provide information when you need it. After sales support and service systems should also be available 24/365 for a fast and efficient service.

Making the right choice

How you can recognise a quality motor is something we aim to explain over the next 10 pages, enabling you to make an informed choice. Making the wrong choice can result in lower motor life expectancy, higher running costs and increased downtime. Remember that quality normally comes at a price. While making the right choice may result in a one-off cost increase when purchasing, making the wrong choice could result in ongoing operational cost increases for the life of the motor.

Quality people

Motors are utilised in hundreds of

applications under a variety of conditions and appropriate advice is essential to select the right motor for the job.

A good manufacturer will have wide

industry experience and will be able

to give adequate advice for the

particular conditions and demands of your industry sector. You should also expect knowledgeable advice on issues such as starting methods, variable speed drive considerations such as bearing currents and harmonics, as well as the wider issues affecting the correct selection of motors.

The manufacturer you use needs to have a full range of motors to cover all
The manufacturer you use
needs to have a full range of motors to
cover all your applications
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Quality means reliability

Quality means reliability Motors should never fail. Unfortunately, they do, some more than others A motor

Motors should never fail. Unfortunately, they do, some more than others

A motor is only as good as its constituent

parts. Here, it really is a case of getting what you pay for. As average, about 55%

of the price of a motor goes towards

materials, while 15% is used for labour and another 30% for other costs, e.g. R&D, logistics and general overheads. This chapter outlines what makes a good motor, and what to look out for when buying motors or generators.

and what to look out for when buying motors or generators. Of the motor’s key components,

Of the motor’s key components, the bearings and the winding are the ones most exposed to wear

are selecting motors as an OEM, you will be putting your company’s reputation at risk by selecting a low quality motor. It will be your company that gets the blame, not the motor manufacturer, when the product fails.

As much as 55% of the motor’s price goes towards materials, while 15% goes to direct labour and 30% towards R&D, logistics and general overheads. For this reason it is difficult to cut costs substantially without affecting performance

Reliability - why should I care?

If you need a motor for a water pump

that runs once a year on a non-critical

application, reliability will not be a big issue. Providing the motor is right for the application, the running hours will never mount up and the materials will almost certainly last regardless of quality. But

if you are responsible for the 24/365

operation of a paper machine, or a processing plant, with a downtime cost of 10 000 euro per hour, you will appreciate

the importance of reliability. And if you

plant, with a downtime cost of 10 000 euro per hour, you will appreciate the importance

4

Product quality

First of all, the quality of the product is secondary to the quality of the advice you receive when selecting your motors. The world’s finest materials will not help if the motor is wrong for the job. Make sure that your motor manufacturer has experienced engineers who are available to help you with selection.

Bearings

Check: What is the quality of the bearing? Do you know the bearing manufacturer? Is
Check:
What is the quality of the bearing?
Do you know the bearing manufacturer?
Is bearing life defined to L1 or L10?
Does the motor have a grease
outlet?
Actions: Ask your motor supplier to recommend: Bearings dimensioned for the appropriate load Internal bearing
Actions:
Ask your motor supplier to recommend:
Bearings dimensioned for the
appropriate load
Internal bearing clearance suitable for
the temperature
Grease suitable for the temperature
Choose re-greasable or sealed-for-life
bearings as appropriate

The most common cause of motor failure is bearing problems. The life of the bearing depends on many different factors, the main one being the quality of the bearing. It also depends on selecting the right type of bearing for the application and load in question, and correct greasing for the application. Bearings can be either re-greasable or sealed for life. The re-greasable bearing will give a longer service life, providing that the end-user has a suitable maintenance infrastructure. If not, sealed- for-life bearings are preferable. These are also required in for instance dusty environments. The bearings should only be re-lubricated with grease compatible

5

should only be re-lubricated with grease compatible 5 Regardless of the type of bearing, it needs
should only be re-lubricated with grease compatible 5 Regardless of the type of bearing, it needs

Regardless of the type of bearing, it needs to be adequately greased. The quality, frequency and amount are all critical factors; excessive greasing reduces bearing life just as insufficient greasing does

with the original grease. Special grease is available for operation in hot or cold ambient temperatures. Your motor manufacturer should be able to provide specific advice on lubrication. Over-greasing can have just as disastrous consequences as insufficient greasing, particularly in fast running applications. When too much grease is added, the bearing elements do not have enough room for heat expansion, which causes friction and overheating. Some motors have a grease relief valve to avoid this happening. Bearings should come from a reputable manufacturer. ABB uses bearings from, for example, SKF, NTN, and NSK. Along with a small number of other companies, these are among the world’s premier bearing manufacturers. L1 and L10 are the most common measures for bearing life (reliability) used by bearing manufacturers. L10 means that 90% of bearings achieve or exceed the calculated bearing lifetime; L1 means that 99% of bearings achieve or exceed the calculated bearing lifetime. The improved reliability is achieved by more frequent re-greasing intervals.

Product quality (continued)

Product quality (continued) Winding Check: Winding insulation – Class F is better than Class B Withstand

Winding

Check: Winding insulation – Class F is better than Class B Withstand voltage above 1400
Check:
Winding insulation – Class F is better
than Class B
Withstand voltage above 1400 V is
beneficial for variable speed drive
operation
Actions: Choose high efficiency for a lower winding temperature; this gives long winding life as
Actions:
Choose high efficiency for a lower winding
temperature; this gives long winding life as
well as low running costs

The second most common cause of failure is the winding. At the end of a long service life, the insulation system, including varnish, that insulates the copper wire in the windings will start to break down and a short circuit may occur. If this happens, a high quality motor can in many cases be rewound without too great a reduction in efficiency. The materials and constructions used will allow the removal of the old winding and rewinding and impregnation of the motor. A low quality motor can also be rewound but typically with much greater losses in efficiency, due to lower quality electrical steel used in the stator laminations.

Good slot fill Poor slot fill
Good slot fill
Poor slot fill

A good slot fill is one of the characteristics of a

good winding

Deg. C

155 130 Winding lifetime A lower internal temperature extends the life of
155
130
Winding lifetime
A lower internal temperature extends the life of

the motor

Years

The windings can be insulated to different standards; Class F (155°) and Class B (130°) are the most common. Most motors are manufactured with Class F insulation material but designed to run no hotter than with Class B temperature rise. The cooler the motor runs, the longer the insulation system will last and the longer the motor will operate.

Efficiency – the other side of temperature rise

A low running temperature means the motor requires less cooling, enabling the use of a smaller fan. This results in low heat losses and high efficiency. High efficiency means lower energy costs, giving lower operational costs. Low temperature rise comes from using high quality materials and production methods and comes at a price. However, the additional cost for using a high efficiency motor is often repaid in reduced energy costs in less than a year. Take the following example from the UK:

Purchase cost, 90kW high efficiency motor (95%)

£ 5,532

Purchase cost, 90kW average efficiency motor (92%)

£ 4,273

Difference in purchase price

£ 1,259

Daily running cost, 95% efficiency

£ 131

Daily running cost, 92% efficiency

£ 138

Saving, per day

£ 7

Payback time

6 months

6

Product quality (continued)

The normal running temperature in high quality motors running at full load can be as low as 60-80° C, while lower quality motors can run in excess of 90°C. Although this still meets the criteria of Class B temperature rise, it could run con- siderably hotter than a quality motor of the same size. Theoretically, a reduction of 10-15° should double the life of the wind- ing, as well as the re-greasing intervals. The life of the winding also depends to a large extent on the production techniques used in the manufacturing process. A compact winding with a good slot fill, i.e. high density of copper,

gives the best performance. Automated winding equipment, as used on smaller size motors, gives a higher density slot fill than hand winding and gives a repeatable quality time after time. The characteristics of a good winding are:

Small overhang

High quality grade of copper wire

Good slot fill ratio. The more copper wire in the slot, the better the metal- to-metal transfer of heat, and the cooler the running temperature of the motor.

180

155

130

120

40

C
C
 

15

125

40

 
 

10

Hotspot temperature margin

10

Permissible temperature rise

80

105

Maximum ambient temperature

40

40

 
Maximum ambient temperature 40 40  

Maximum Insulation class winding temperature

B

155 F

180 H

 

130

A higher insulation class gives better protection against high temperatures and extends motor life

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Random winding pattern

and extends motor life 7 • Random winding pattern • High quality slot insulation, impregnation systems

High quality slot insulation, impregnation systems and phase insulation systems The integrity of the winding is measured in withstand voltage and is usually in the region of 1200 V. Motors with withstand voltage of 1400 V and above are available and offer increased reliability. This is especially important to help withstand the voltage spikes produced by some variable speed drives.

Stator electrical steel

The stator is made up of laminations, thin slices of low loss steel with an insulated coating. These should be uniform and as thin as possible to maximize the strength of the magnetic fields in the stator. They must be perfectly aligned to give straight channels for the slot fills. The stack of laminations should be rotated periodically to compensate for the effect the grain in the metal has on the magnetic field.

the effect the grain in the metal has on the magnetic field. The stator is made

The stator is made up by laminations of low loss steel with an insulated coating

Product quality (continued)

Product quality (continued) Frame Check: Examine casting for blowholes and imperfections upon delivery, reject if

Frame

Check:
Check:

Examine casting for blowholes and imperfections upon delivery, reject if unsatisfactory. Cast iron motors should be made of suitable standard cast iron, e.g. EN-GJL-200/GG 20/GRS 200 Aluminium motors should be made of low copper content aluminium (max 0.3%)

Actions: Ask your supplier for advise on the correct frame material for your application
Actions:
Ask your supplier for advise on the correct
frame material for your application

The casting should be smooth and free from blowholes. Apart from being unsightly, blowholes trap air, which hinders the transfer of heat. They can also reduce the strength of the material, leading to weak points and potential fracture.

Enclosure The standard enclosure for motors is IP54. This protects against water splashing. Some motor manufacturers use IP 55 as standard. This additionally protects against water jets. Many users specify IP65 motors. This means the enclosure is dust tight. While this is appropriate in some applications, it is unnecessarily air tight

in some applications, it is unnecessarily air tight The casting should be smooth and free from

The casting should be smooth and free from blowholes

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for normal operation, as this can cause moisture to build up inside the motor and affect reliability. Your motor supplier should be able to advise on whether IP65 is appropriate.

Noise - an invisible pollutant

Most responsible employers aim to reduce the noise in their workshops. Limits are continually moving downward and your supplier should be able to advice on the most recent regulations. The noise levels should be printed in motor catalogues. It is worth noting that an increase in the noise by 3db is perceived as a doubling of the noise. A difference in noise levels between two motors of, say, 3db is therefore significant.

Noise db(A) level

100

Total Fan noise noise Magnetic Bearing noise noise 90 80 70 60 50 40 0.2
Total Fan noise noise Magnetic Bearing noise noise 90 80 70 60 50 40 0.2
Total Fan noise noise Magnetic Bearing noise noise 90 80 70 60 50 40 0.2
Total Fan noise noise Magnetic Bearing noise noise
Total Fan noise noise
Magnetic Bearing noise noise

90

80

70

60

50

40

80 70 60 50 40 0.2 0.5 2 5 10 20 50 100 200 500 1000
80 70 60 50 40 0.2 0.5 2 5 10 20 50 100 200 500 1000
80 70 60 50 40 0.2 0.5 2 5 10 20 50 100 200 500 1000
80 70 60 50 40 0.2 0.5 2 5 10 20 50 100 200 500 1000
80 70 60 50 40 0.2 0.5 2 5 10 20 50 100 200 500 1000
0.2 0.5 2 5 10 20 50 100 200 500 1000 2000 1

0.2 0.5

0.2 0.5 2 5 10 20 50 100 200 500 1000 2000 1

2

5

10

20

50

100

200

500

1000 2000

1

Components that raise noise level Power, kW

Low noise motors can make a significant impact on overall noise levels

Aluminium motors should use low copper content aluminium to minimise corrosion. Modern alloys contain as little as 0.2-0.3% copper; a lesser quality alloy can contain as much as 2.5%, typically corroding at ten times the rate. Cast iron motors should be made of high-grade cast iron.

Painting

Actions: Ask your supplier for a paint specification appropriate for your application
Actions:
Ask your supplier for a paint specification
appropriate for your application

The motor needs to be painted according to appropriate specifications. Process industry and offshore, for instance, needs

Product quality (continued)

a higher specification paint. A suitable

cover for aluminium motors in general industrial application would be a two- pack polyurethane acrylic varnish, while for cast iron motors, a two-pack epoxy primer followed by two-pack epoxy topcoat is recommended.

Shaft

Check: Can your supplier offer a range of shaft materials for different applications?
Check:
Can your supplier offer a range of shaft
materials for different applications?

The shaft material is selected according to application. Normally, the shaft is

a hot rolled steel bar turned to the

correct dimensions. Stainless steel shafts are available for use offshore or in chemical plants. If strong radial forces are expected, high tensile shaft material is available. Your selected manufacturer should be able to give advice on permissible loadings on the shaft and suitable shaft materials.

Fan

Check: Are original fans available as spare parts? Can the fan be re-fitted once removed?
Check:
Are original fans available as spare parts?
Can the fan be re-fitted once removed?

The fan must be large enough to produce adequate cooling, but too large a fan reduces efficiency and increases noise. To achieve the optimum balance, ABB varies the blade size and pitch between models. For this reason, a broken fan cannot be replaced with any standard fan. The appropriate fan for the model should be obtained; using a standard fan can increase fan losses by as much as 20%. Check how the fan is fitted – it will need to come off when the bearings are replaced. A fan fitted to the shaft using a keyway and grub screw can be removed and re-fitted many times.

9

Terminal box

Check: Ensure that the terminal box is large enough to enable rapid installation with the
Check:
Ensure that the terminal box is large
enough to enable rapid installation
with the type a cable used in your
application

If you have ever fitted a motor under

time pressure, for instance while standstill

costs were mounting up, then you will appreciate the importance of the design of the terminal box. The terminal box should be large enough to accommodate the bends of heavy gauge cables and have cable entry from two or four sides.

A generously sized terminal box helps installation and
A generously sized terminal box helps installation and

is particularly useful when time is at a premium.

Some motors also come with a gland plate which can be easily moved from one motor to another, making re-glanding of cables a thing of the past. In addition,

a spacious terminal box offers better protection against short circuit.

Accessories

Check: Availability of accessories and ease of fitting
Check:
Availability of accessories and ease
of fitting

Some motors are easier to modify than others. You may want to add for example monitoring or protection devices, check how easily this can be achieved.

than others. You may want to add for example monitoring or protection devices, check how easily

Support and backup

Support and backup Having quality support and backup is as important as having a quality product.

Having quality support and backup is as important as having a quality product. The help of an engineer can be invaluable when specifying the motor, as this can prevent problems later on. The engineer is part of a team and should be supported by other engineers in-house, who in turn should be supported by the R&D department at the factory. Only this way can you be sure you have the backup you need for all eventualities.

Issues affecting motor selection

Check: Does your motor supplier know about the wider issues affecting your industry?
Check:
Does your motor supplier know about
the wider issues affecting your industry?

Your supplier should be able to advise you on all the wider issues that affect motor selection, such as European Union efficiency classification; the ATEX directive for explosion proof motors; ISO 14001, the standard for environmental management systems; and for exporting OEMs, EPAct, the motor efficiency norms in North America.

Stock availability

Check: Is a wide range of motors available with short delivery times?
Check:
Is a wide range of motors available
with short delivery times?

Your chosen supplier should have a wide range of motors, available in quantity at short notice. Many ABB’s national distributors stock motors up to 37 kW for local availability. Some of them stock sizes as large as 132 kW; these can be delivered nationwide overnight. Motors up to 400 kW are stocked at ABB’s central stock locations in Europe and in Singapore and can be delivered within 24 hours.

10

and in Singapore and can be delivered within 24 hours. 10 Ensure that your supplier has

Ensure that your supplier has backup of manpower as well as products in stock

Production lead times

Check: Are modifications and custom builds available?
Check:
Are modifications and custom builds
available?

It is not always that stock motors are appropriate for the application. Sometimes, modifications or custom builds may be necessary. It is important that your chosen manufacturer can deliver these within a reasonable time frame.

On-line services

Check: Is your supplier e-commerce enabled?
Check:
Is your supplier e-commerce enabled?

Some manufacturers enable you to deal with them online, helping you reduce administrative costs. If you do business online, make sure your motor supplier does, too.

After sales services

Check: Does your supplier have a reasonable structure for after sales support?
Check:
Does your supplier have a reasonable
structure for after sales support?

After sales service may seem a long way away while the motor has yet to be specified, however sooner or later the need will arise, and you should

Support and backup

Support and backup Your supplier shouldn’t just ship motors; he should also be a reliable source

Your supplier shouldn’t just ship motors; he should also be a reliable source of information for all your application needs

make sure your chosen supplier has an adequate support infrastructure.

Documentation

Check: Is the right documentation available?
Check:
Is the right documentation available?

Your supplier should be able to provide documentation within a reasonable timeframe, such as:

Data sheets

Type tests

Declaration of conformity

Speed/torque curves

Hazardous certificates

Noise curves

Drawings, general arrangement

The supplier should also be able to

general arrangement The supplier should also be able to handle your custom documentation and produce dedicated

handle your custom documentation and produce dedicated speed/torque curves for your application.

Warranty

Check: Does your supplier have a clear structure for handling claims?
Check:
Does your supplier have a clear
structure for handling claims?

Complicated warranty procedures are not unheard of in the motor industry. Ensure that your supplier has knowledgeable field staff that can help with your warranty claims, as well as a clear internal structure for handling warranty claims professionally.

If a service agent is used, it is the manufacturer’s responsibility to ensure that standards are maintained.

Industrial IT

Check: Does you supplier have a concept for real-time automation and information?
Check:
Does you supplier have a concept for
real-time automation and information?

Industrial IT is an ABB concept with reusable, intelligent products and applications. It provides real-time automation and information. Motors and generators are fundamental building

blocks in Industrial IT

architecture.

To handle all aspects of customer service, your supplier needs a team structure, which can look something like this:

Technical support

Logistics

After sales

Application knowledge

Order handling

Warranty cases

Dimensioning

Progress reporting

24/7 support

Comments on specifications

Documentation packages

Repair/modification

Design capability

Proof of delivery

Service

Local representation

Stock profile

11

BA/ Motor Quality Guide GB 05-2002

Low Voltage Motors

Manufacturing sites (*) and some of the larger sales companies.

Australia

Finland*

Japan

Sweden*

ABB Industry Pty Ltd

ABB Oy

ABB K.K.

ABB Automation Technology

LV

Motors

2

Douglas Street

LV

Motors

26-1 Cerulean Tower

Products AB

Port Melbourne, Victoria, 3207

P.O.Box 633 FIN-65101 Vaasa

Sakuragaoka-cho, Shibuya-ku Tokyo 150-8512

Motors & Machines

Tel: +61 (0) 3 9644 4100 Fax: +61 (0) 3 9646 9362

Tel: +358 (0) 10 22 11 Fax: +358 (0) 10 22 47372

Tel: +81 (0) 3 578 46251 Fax: +81 (0) 3 578 46260

S-721 70 Västerås Tel: +46 (0) 21 329 000 Fax: +46 (0) 21 124 103

Austria ABB AG Wienerbergstrasse 11 B A-1810 Wien Tel: +43 (0) 1 601 090 Fax: +43 (0) 1 601 09 8305

France ABB Automation Rue du Général de Gaulle Champagne-sur-Seine F-77811 Moret-sur-Loing Cedex Tel: +33 (0) 1 60 746 500 Fax: +33 (0) 1 60 746 565

Korea ABB Korea Ltd. 7-9fl, Oksan Bldg., 157-33 Sungsung-dong, Kangnam-ku Seoul Tel: +82 2 528 2329 Fax: +82 2 528 2338

Switzerland ABB Switzerland Ltd Normelec/CMC Components Motors&Drives Badenerstrasse 790 Postfach

Taiwan

Belgium Asea Brown Boveri S.A.-N.V. Hoge Wei 27 B-1930 Zaventem Tel: +32 (0) 2 718 6311 Fax: +32 (0) 2 718 6657

Brazil Asea Brown Boveri Ltda P.O.Box 00975

Germany ABB Automation Products GmbH P.O.Box 10 02 61 D-68002 Mannheim Tel: +49 (0) 621 3810 Fax: +49 (0) 621 381 6820

Hong Kong

Mexico ABB México, S.A. de C.V. Apartado Postal 111 CP 54000 Tlalnepantla Edo. de México, México Tel: +52 5 328 1400 Fax: +52 5 390 3720

CH-8048 Zürich Tel: +41 (0) 58 586 0666 Fax: +41 (0) 58 586 0603

Asea Brown Boveri Ltd P.O.Box 81-54 Taipei Tel: +886 (0) 2 579 9340 Fax: +886 (0) 2 577 9434

06020-902 Osasco -SP Tel: +55 (0) 11 7088 9526

ABB Automation Limited 3 Dai Hei Street

The Netherlands ABB B.V. Dept. LV motors (APP2R)

Thailand

The United Kingdom

USA

Fax: +55 (0) 11 7088 4523

Tai

Po Industrial Estate

P.O.Box 301

ABB Limited

Tai

Po New Territories

NL-3000 AH Rotterdam

5th Building, 322 Moo 4

Canada ABB Inc., BA Electrical Machines 10300 Henri-Bourassa Blvd,

China*

Hong Kong Tel: +852 292 938 38 Fax: +852 292 938 87

Tel: +31 (0) 10 4078 879 Fax: +31 (0) 10 4078 345

Bangpoo Industrial Estate Soi 6 Sukhumvit Road, Prekasa, Muang, Samutprakarn 10280

West, Saint-Laurent, Quebec Canada H4S 1N6 Tel: +1 514 832-6583 Fax: +1 514 332-0609

India* Asea Brown Boveri Ltd P.O.Box 16 Faridabad 121 001 Tel: +91 (0) 882 3001

New Zealand ABB Automation Motor Sales P.O.Box 22167 Otahuhu, Auckland Tel: +64 (0) 9 276 6016

Tel: +662 (0) 709 3346 Fax: +662 (0) 709 3765

ABB Automation Ltd 9 The Towers, Wilmslow Road

ABB Yuejin Motors (Shanghai) Company Limited

Fax: +91 (0) 882 3006

Fax: +64 (0) 9 276 1303

Didsbury Manchester, M20 2AB

8

Guang Xing Rd.,Rong Bei

Indonesia

Norway

Tel: +44 (0) 161 445 5555

Town, Songjiang County, Shanghai 201613 Tel: +86 21 5778 0988

P.T. Abdibangun Buana P.O.Box 3781 Jakarta 10002

ABB AS Automation Technology Products Division

Fax: +44 (0) 161 448 1016

Fax: +86 21 5778 1364

Tel: +62 (0) 21 314 9115

P.O.Box 6540 Rodeloekka

ABB Inc.

Fax: +62 (0) 21 315 3963

N-0501 Oslo 5

Electrical Machines

Chile

Denmark

Tel: +47 22 872 000

P.O.Box 372

Asea Brown Boveri S.A.

Ireland

Italy*

Fax: +47 22 872 541

Milwaukee

P.O.Box 581-3

Asea Brown Boveri Ltd

WI

53201-0372

Santiago Tel: +56 (0) 2 5447 100

Components Division Belgard Road

Singapore ABB Industry Pte Ltd

Tel: +1 262 785 3200 Fax: +1 262 785 8628

Fax: +56 (0) 2 5447 405

ABB A/S Automation Technology

Tallaght, Dublin 24 Tel: +353 (0) 1 405 7300 Fax: +353 (0) 1 405 7327

P.O.Box 95 Pasir Panjang Post Office Singapore 9111 Tel: +65 775 3777 Fax: +65 778 0222

Venezuela Asea Brown Boveri S.A. P.O.Box 6649 Carmelitas,

Electrical Machines Petersmindevej 1

ABB Industria SpA BAU LV Motors

Spain*

Caracas 1010A Tel: +58 (0) 2 238 2422

DK-5000 Odense C

Via

Della Meccanica, 22

ABB Automation Products S.A.

Fax: +58 (0) 2 239 6383

Tel: +45 65 477 070 Fax: +45 65 477 713

I-20040 Caponago - MI Tel: +39 02 959 6671 Fax: +39 02 959 667216

Division Motores P.O.Box 81 E-08200 Sabadell Tel: +34 93 728 8500 Fax: +34 93 728 8741

E-08200 Sabadell Tel: +34 93 728 8500 Fax: +34 93 728 8741 http://www.abb.com/motors&drives

http://www.abb.com/motors&drives

http://online.abb.com/m0tors&drives

ABB (www.abb.com) is a global leader in power and automation technologies that enable utility and industrial customers to improve performance while lowering their environmental impact. ABB has 155,000 employees in more than 100 countries