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PhysicalChemistry
INSTRUCTION:Selectthecorrectanswerforeachofthefollowing
sections.Markonlyoneanswerforeachitembyshadingthebox
correspondingtotheletterofyourchoiceontheanswersheet
provided.STRICTLYNOERASURESALLOWED.Usepencilno.1only.

1. Chemicalequilibriumreactionsarecharacterizedby
a. G >0
b. G <0
c. G =0
d. G = G o

2. Spontaneousreactionsarecharacterizedby
a. G >0
b. G <0
c. G o =0
d. G =0

3. Capillaryactionisdueto:
a. Cohesion
b. Viscosity
c. Gravity
d. Surfacetension

4. Anidealgashasacompressibilityfactorof
a. 1
b. 2
c. PV
d. Noneofthegivenchoices

5. Thefractionofthetotalcurrentcarriedbyanionisknownas
a. Ionicmobility
b. Overvoltage
c. Transferencenumber
d. Ionicconductance
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6. Ameasureofdisorderlinessinasystemisgivenby
a. Freeenergy
b. Enthalpy
c. Heat
d. Entropy

7. Thereisnochangeininternalenergyofanidealgasduring
a. Adiabaticexpansion
b. Adiabaticcompression
c. Isothermalexpansion
d. Noneoftheabove

8. Theefficiencyofaheatengineislimitedby
a. Firstlawofthermodynamics
b. Secondlawofthermodynamics
c. Thirdlawofthermodynamics
d. Noneoftheabove

9. Nonidealgasbehaviorislikelytobeobservedat
a. Lowpressureandlowtemperature
b. Highpressureandhightemperature
c. Highpressureandlowtemperature
d. Lowpressureandhightemperature

10. Inanequilibriumreaction,KpequalsKcwhen
a. Reactantsandproductsareallgases
b. Temperatureisconstant
c. Reactantsandproductshaveequalnumberofmoles
d. Reactantsandproductsareallliquids

11. Naturalchlorineisamixtureofisotopes.Determineitsatomic
massif75.53%ofthenaturallyoccurringelementischlorine35,
whichhasamassof34.968.Chlorine37hasamassof36.958.
a. 35.45
b. 35.00
c. 34.55
d. 36.47

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12. At35oC,thevaporpressureofwaterisincreasedfrom30to31
mmHgagainstanexternalpressureof10atm.Ifthevapor
pressureistobemaintainedat0.0395atmfor100gofwaterat
35oCand10atm,howmuchingNaClistobeaddedtothewater?
a. 58.55
b. 61.18
c. 52.88
d. 47.36

13. Givenasolutionoftolueneinbenzeneat20oCwiththemole
fractionoftolueneequalto0.20,thepartialpressureofthe
solvent,benzene,isequalto2.19torr.TheHenryconstantfor
tolueneis10.95torr.Calculatetheactivityofthesolute.
a. 0.800
b. 1.000
c. 0.500
d. 0.200

14. Acertainsugarhasamolarmassof342g/mol.At0oC,the
osmoticpressureofanaqueoussolutionofconcentrationof1.5g
ofsugarper150cm3solventis0.649atm.Whatistheosmotic
pressureofthesolution?
a. 222atm
b. 0.32atm
c. 50atm
d. 0.65atm

15. Giventhereaction: KNO3 + energy U K + (aq ) + NO3 (aq ) ,which


ofthefollowingchangestothesystemwouldincreasethe
concentrationofK+ionsatequilibrium?
a. Thepressureofthesystemisdecreased
b. AdditionalsolidKNO3isaddedtothesolution
c. Thetemperatureofthesolutionisincreased
d. Thevolumeofthesolutionisaddedtothesolution
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16. Thespecificheatcapacityatconstantvolumeofaleadsilveralloy
isequalto0.0383cal/degg.Theatomicmassesofleadandsilver
are207and107,respectively.Assumingthatthealloyfollows
DulongandPetitLaw,findthemoleratioofleadtosilver.
a.
b. 2
c. 1
d. 4

17. CalculatethetemperaturechangeinoCoftwomolesofa
diatomicgascontainedinapistongiventhatq=65Jandw=210J.
a. 2.5
b. 4.5
c. 5.5
d. 3.5

18. Aleadstoragebatteryinvolvesthetwohalfreactions:
PbSO4 ( s ) + 2e U Pb + SO42 ;Eo(volts)=0.36

PbO2 ( s ) + 4 H + + SO42 U PbSO4 + 2 H 2O ;Eo(volts)=1.69


Foracellthatduplicatestheleadstoragebatterydischarge
reactionatunitconcentrations,whatis G inkJ?
a. 792
b. 396
c. +792
d. +396

19. Whatistheheatcapacityatconstantpressureofgraphite
assumingitobeystheDulongandPetitsLaw?
a. 6cal/Kmol
b. 6atm/molL
c. 6Latm/mol
d. 6ergs/K

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20. AsealedisothermalcontainerinitiallycontainsthreemolesofCO
gasandfourmolesofO2gas.Thefollowingreversiblereaction
tookplace:
2CO( g ) + O2 ( g ) U 2CO2 ( g )
Atequilibrium,thereweretwomolesofCO2inthecontainer.
Whatwasthetotalnumberofmolesofgaspresentinthe
containeratequilibrium?
a. 6
b. 4
c. 5
d. 7
21. At1035oC,twomolesofrutheniumchangesfromthetothe
solidstate.The H forthetransitionis142J/mol.The
surroundingcoolingbathisatSTP.Find S inJ/Koftheuniverse.
a. 1.040
b. 0.642
c. 0.823
d. 0.217

22. Determinethebarometricdecreaseinatmosphericpressurefrom
sealeveltoanaltitudeof1.8x106cm.Assumeairtobea
uniformgasofmolecularmass29,andauniformtemperatureof
0oC.
a. 0.307
b. 0.998
c. 0.105
d. 304.1

23. Twomolesofanidealgasareexpandedreversiblyand
isothermallyat0oCfrom1atm.Calculatethefinalvolume
occupiedbythegasiftheheatabsorbedduringtheprocessisq=
750cal.Theexternalpressureoverthesystemis1atm.
a. 69.6L
b. 98.2L
c. 118.7L
d. 304.1L
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24. A + B C + D
A+C D + E
Amultistepreactiontakesplacebytheabovemechanism.
Whichofthespeciesshownaboveisanintermediateinthe
reaction?
a. A
b. D
c. B
d. C

25. Abulbisfilledwithargongasattheambientpressureandis
foundtocontain7.98gofargonatatemperatureT.Thebulbis
thenimmersedinabathwhosetemperatureis30oChotterthan
thefirstone.Thestopcockonthebulbisopenedsothatthe
argongaspressurereturnstotheinitialvalue.Thebulbisnow
foundtocontain5.33gofargon.Whatisthevalueofthefinal
temperature?Theatomicmassofargonis39.9.
a. 242oC
b. 90.9oC
c. 212oC
d. 182oC

26. Ammoniadissolvesinwaterat20oCtogiveasolutioncontaining
0.040molefractionofammonia.Thetotalvaporpressureofthe
solutionis6.58x102atmandthevaporpressureforwateris
17.00torratthesametemperature.ApplyingHenrysand
Raoultslaws,calculatetheHenrysconstant.
a. 1200
b. 50.00
c. 842.5
d. 16.98

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27. Asampleofanidealgasat29oCand420torroccupiedavolume
of382cm3.Whatwasthenumberofmolesofgasinthissample?
a. 8.5x103
b. 4.9x102
c. 6.5
d. 8.9x102

28. Thehalflifeforagivendecompositionreactionwashalvedasthe
initialconcentrationofasolereactantwasdoubled.Whatisthe
orderofthereaction?
a. 2
b. 1
c. 3
d. 0

29. Givenanatomofmass10,followingemissionofa2MeVgamma
ray,calculatetherecoilenergy.
a. 450eV
b. 198eV
c. 214eV
d. 222eV

30. Forthefollowingreactionat25oC:
CuO( s) + H 2 ( g ) Cu ( s ) + H 2O( g )
Valuesoftheabsoluteentropiesfortheabovesubstancesareas
follows:So(J/molK):
CuO=43.5;H2=130.5;Cu=33.5;H2O=188.7

Calculatethe S o inJ/molKofthereactionassumingstandard
conditions.
a. 48.2
b. 309.2
c. 135.2
d. 18.8
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31. Arefrigeratorismaintainedat25oCinaroomatambient
temperatureof35oC.Theheatintotherefrigeratorisestimated
as104J/min.Assumingthattheunitisoperatingat45%ofits
maximumthermodynamicefficiency,determineitspower
requirementinwatts.
a. 40.4
b. 89.8
c. 5380
d. 2299

32. Atacertaintemperature,2atmofCOareintroducedintoavessel
containingexcesssolidsulfurandafinalequilibriumpressureof
1.18atmisobserved.Giventhereaction,
S ( s ) + 2CO( g ) U SO2 ( g ) + 2C ( s ) ,finditsKp.
a. 6.33
b. 2.28
c. 0.73
d. 0.87

33. Giventhefollowing f G o inkJ/mol:


C6H12O6(s)=912;CO2(g)=393;H2O(l)=238;
Calculatethestandardfreeenergy(Gibbsenergy)inkJ/molfor
theoxidationofglucose,
C6 H12O6 ( s ) + 6O2 ( g ) 6CO2 ( g ) + 6 H 2O(l )
a. 14370
b. 1842
c. 4698
d. 2874

34. Themassofanelectronis9.109x1028g.Whatisthemolarmass
oftheelectron?
a. 4.39x1025
b. 6.61x1050
c. 5.48x104
d. 1.51x1051

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35. Howmany particlespersecondwouldbeemittedform4x10


gramof210Po.Thehalflifeof210Pois138days.
a. 728
b. 543
c. 667
d. 401

36. Thevalveonacylindercontaininginitially15Lofanidealgasat
25atm,25oCisopenedtotheatmospherewherethepressureis
760torr.Assumingthattheprocessisisothermal,howmuch
workisKJisdoneontheatmospherebytheactionofexpanding
gas?
a. 0.86
b. 3.64
c. 4.28
d. 5.85

37. At30oC,Henryslawconstantforthesolubilityofoxygengasin
wateris K O2 =3.30x107torr.Calculatethesolubilityofoxygenin
gramsatthistemperatureper100gofwater.Assumeairtobe
20%O2atroomtemperature.
a. 3.1x107
b. 2.6x105
c. 4.6x106
d. 8.3x104

38. InanidealsolutionofliquidsAandB,thevaporpressureofa
mixtureof0.60molofAand2.4molofBis0.42atmat70oC.
1.80molesofAisaddedtothesolutionat70oCandthevapor
pressureofthesolutionrisesto0.55atm.Calculatethevapor
pressureifsomeofthevaporinequilibriumwiththefirstsolution
werecompletelycondensed.
a. 0.51atm
b. 0.35atm
c. 0.20atm
d. 0.80atm
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33

39. 4.000picogram(pg)of Pdecaysbyemissionto0.500pgin


75.9days.Findtherateconstantofthereactioninperdaybasis.
a. 9.13x103
b. 2.74x102
c. 3.65x102
d. 4.18x103

40. At1482Kand12atm,theequilibriumcompositionofsodium
vaporcontains3.10molesofNamonomerand0.624molesofNa
dimer.CalculatetheKpforthedimerizationofsodiumat1482K.
a. 2.01x102
b. 3.68x101
c. 2.47
d. 2.89x101

41. At600oC,acetonedecomposesproducingCOandvarious
hydrocarbons.Thereactionisfoundtobefirstorderinacetone
concentrationwithahalflifeof81.0s.Givenat600oC,aoneliter
containerintowhichacetoneisinjectedat0.48atm,approximate
howlongwouldittakefortheacetonepressuretodropto0.45
atm?
a. 39.8s
b. 7.5s
c. 81.0s
d. 15.0s

42. Duringwinter,thegaugepressureinanautomobiletirewhen
measuredat28oFwas30poundspersquareinch(psi).thesame
tirewasusedduringsummer.Assumingthatthevolumeofthe
tiredidnotchange,andnogasleakedoutfromthetirebetween
winterandsummer,whatisthenewpressureasmeasuredonthe
gaugeifthetemperatureroseto115oF?
a. 47.6
b. 37.9
c. 25.5
d. 35.3

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43. EstimatethezeropointentropyofNOincal/molK.
a. 0
b. 2.76
c. 1.38
d. 4.18

44. Determinetheheattransferredwhen627Jofworkisdoneona
systemconsistingof2molesofanidealgasatconstant
temperature.
a. 0
b. 627J
c. 627J
d. 1254J

45. When[C]and[D]aredoubled,theinitialrateofthereaction
C + D E increasesbyafactorofeight.Whichofthefollowing
ratelawsisconsistentwiththisobservation?
a. Rate=k[C][D]
b. Rate=k[C]2[D]2
c. Rate=k[D]2
d. Rate=k[C]2[D]

46. After66minutes,asampleof 1944 K isfoundtohavedecayedto


12.5%oftheoriginalamountpresent.Whatisthehalflifeof
44
19 K ?
a. 22min
b. 66min
c. 44min
d. 88min
47. Whatisthepressureofacolumnofairataheightof10kmanda
temperatureof2oC?Assumethatthepressureatzeroheightis
760mmHgandthemolarmassofairis29.
a. 449
b. 340
c. 219
d. 759

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48. WhichoftheofthefollowingstatementsisTRUEaboutthe
electromotiveforceofasystemwhenallconcentrationsare
unity?
a. E<Eo
b. E=Eo
c. E=0
d. E>Eo

49. AhypotheticalgasempiricalformulaisBCB.Predictthe
structureofthegasiftheratioofheatcapacities CP / CV is1.32.
a. Nonlinear
b. Trigonal
c. Linear
d. Cannotbedetermined

50. AmixtureofthevaporsoftwoliquidsXandYwhichformideal
solutionsiscontainedinacylinderwithapistonatconstant
temperatureT.Themixturecontains60%X,withvaporpressures
PXo and PYo givenas1.2and0.4atm,respectively.Themixtureis
thenslowlycompressed.Calculatethetotalpressureatwhichthe
liquidfirstcondenses.
a. 0.475atm
b. 1.200atm
c. 0.800atm
d. 0.666atm

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SITUATIONALPROBLEMS:

Situation#01Theactivationenergyforthethermaldecomposition
ofgaseousacetaldehydeis190.37kJ/molandthemolecular
diameter,,ofamoleculeofacetaldehydeis5x108cm.This
decompositionisasecondorderreaction.

51. Determinethenumberofmoleculescollidingpermilliliterper
secondat800Kand760torr.
a. 2.10x1031
b. 4.75x1015
c. 9.17x1021
d. 2.88x1028

52. Calculatethesecondorderrateconstant,k,inL/molsec.
a. 6.9x102
b. 7.7x102
c. 8.3x104
d. 6.0x1023

53. DeterminethepreexponentialfactorAat800K.
a. 1.10x1013
b. 2.07x1011
c. 1.86x1015
d. 2.24x1017

Situation#02Thestandardenthalpyofthehydrogenationof
propeneis214kJ/mol.Thestandardenthalpyoftheoxidationof
propanetocarbondioxideandwateris2222kJ/mol.Thestandard
heatofformationofwateris286kJ/mol.

54. FindthestandardenthalpyinkJ/molofthecombustionreaction
ofpropaneat25oC.
a. 2076
b. 2068
c. 2060
d. 2084
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55. FindthestandardenergyinkJofthecombustionreactionof
propeneat25oCassumingallreactantsandproductsbehaveas
idealgases.
a. 2068
b. 2075
c. 2069
d. 2094

56. FindWinkJofthecombustionreactionofpropeneat25oC.
a. 2.0
b. 1.0
c. 4.0
d. 0
Situation#03Akilogramofacetylenewascompressedfrom102L
to103Lataconstanttemperatureof150oC.Calculatetheminimum
workthatmustbeexpendedinthecompressionprocessassuming
thegastobe

57. IDEAL.
a.
b.
c.
d.

1.09x103J
3.12x105J
1.11x105J
3.08x103J

58. vanderWaals.ThevaluesofvanderWaalsconstantsaandbare
4.47L2atmmol2and0.0571L/mol,respectively.
a. 4.98x109J
b. 1.55x107J
c. 8.15x109J
d. 0.95x107J

59. IfacetylenesatisfiesthevanderWaalsequation,whatwouldbe
itscriticalpressureinatm?
a. 282
b. 197
c. 50.8
d. 1371

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Situation#04Amovingboundaryexperimentwasperformed
initiallyat25oCwith0.100MKClonthebottomand0.0700MNaCl
ontop.ThetransportnumbersofK+andNa+ionsinthesesolutions
are0.490and0.388,respectively.Theboundarymoveddownward.
Thecrosssectionalareaofthetubewas0.100cm2.Thecharge
passedthroughwas96.5coulombs.

60. Howmanyequivalentsweretransported?
a. 1.00x103
b. 1.43x103
c. 0.25x103
d. 0.68x103

61. Howfar(incentimeters)didtheboundarymove?
a. 65.4
b. 79.2
c. 49.0
d. 57.6

62. Whilethecurrentwasflowing,whatwastheconcentrationin
mol/LofNaCljustabovetheboundary?
a. 7.92x102
b. 2.18x101
c. 8.14x104
d. 6.24x105

Situation#05Fourmolesofanidealnitrogengaswasexpanded
from10Lto25L.Theinitialtemperaturewas35oC.AssumeCv=2.5
R.Calculatethemaximumworkobtainedby:

63. theisothermalexpansioninJ.
a. 92.7
b. 9385.4
c. 7039.6
d. 2243.0
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64. theadiabaticexpansioninkJwherethefinaltemperaturewas
243oC.
a. 16.7
b. 9.2
c. 5.8
d. 23.1

65. FindtheenthalpychangeinJifthefinaltemperaturewas243oC.
a. 24,210
b. 59,164
c. 8,090
d. 32,358

Situation#06At1atm,120gofbenzeneisvaporizedatitsboiling
pointof80.2oC.Theheatofvaporizationis94.4cal/g.

66. CalculateWinunitsofjoule.
a. 4522
b. 293.6
c. +293.6
d. +4522

67. Calculateqinjoules.
a. 39497
b. 7480
c. 15627
d. 395

68. Calculate U injoules.


a. 34975
b. 44019
c. 0
d. 15921

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Situation#07TwoequimolarsolutionsAandBwithequalvolume
ofsolutionsaremixedtogetherandthereaction A + B C occurs.
After60minutes,Ais75%reacted.HowmuchofAwillNOTreact
aftertwohoursif:

69. thereactioniszeroorderinbothAandB?
a. 50%
b. 0%
c. 25%
d. 75%

70. ifthereactionisfirstorderinbothAandB?
a. 62.8%
b. 25.0%
c. 35.7%
d. 14.3%

71. thereactionisfirstorderinAandzeroorderinB?
a. 21.7%
b. 6.26%
c. 32.2%
d. 52.08%

Situation#08Twogramsofliquidwaterat100oCisinitiallyat1.00
atmpressureandisconfinedtoavolumeinwhichnovaporis
present.Avalveisthenopenedandthewaterevaporatesintoan
evacuatedspaceofsuchvolumethatthefinalpressureis0.10atm.
Theentireapparatusisinaheatreservoirat100oC.The E forthe
vaporizationofwateris2259J/gat100oC.Assumingthatthevaporis
anidealgasandthatthevolumeoftheliquidisnegligibleas
comparedtothevolumeofthevapor,calculate:

72. qinjoulesforthewater.
a. 4173
b. 4863
c. 2617
d. 1914
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73. S forwaterinJ/K.
a. 50.40
b. 28.16
c. 14.24
d. 45.20

74. S fortheuniverseinJ/K.
a. 34.01
b. 3.05
c. 15.68
d. 25.43

Situation#09Threemolesofanidealmonoatomicgasinitiallyat1
atmand300Kareputthroughthefollowingcycle,allstagesofwhich
arereversible:
(I)isothermalcompressionto2atm
(II)isobarictemperatureincreaseto400K
(III)returntotheinitialstatebythepath,P=a+bT,whereaandb
areconstants.

75. Calculate U injoulesforthesecondstep.


a. 3741
b. 1247
c. 8107
d. 6236

76. Calculate S inJ/Kforthefirststep.


a. 8.6
b. 17.3
c. 5.8
d. 14.2

77. WhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUEabout U and S for


thecycledescribed?
a. Both U and S arezero.
b. U ispositiveand S iszero.
c. U iszeroand S ispositive.
d. U ispositiveand S isnegative.

Situation#10GiventhedatabelowwhereVeisthevolume
adsorbedatequilibriumandVisthevolumeadsorbedattimet.The
adsorptionratefollowsfirstorderkinetics.
t(sec)
1380
3000
4260
7320
3
0.179
0.121
0.043
VeV(cm ) 0.284

78. DeterminetherateconstantKinpersecond.
a. 3.20x104
b. 1.80x102
c. 1.60x103
d. 2.30x105

79. Determinethevolumeadsorbedat3500secifVeisequalto0.451
cm3.
a. 0.281
b. 0.302
c. 0.325
d. 0.290

80. DetermineVeViftis800seconds.
a. 0.354
b. 0.418
c. 0.166
d. 0.201

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