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Inglés B2
Inglés B2

Inglés

B2

Contenidos.-

diseño de Portada e imPresión.-

C ontenidos .- d iseño de P ortada e imPresión .- imPreso en e sPaña /
C ontenidos .- d iseño de P ortada e imPresión .- imPreso en e sPaña /

imPreso en esPaña / Printed in sPain

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Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

INGLÉS B2

Inglés NIVEL B2 INGLÉS B2 Grammar Verb tenses review Indefinite pronouns Conditionals Vocabulary At the airport

Grammar

Verb tenses review

Indefinite pronouns

Conditionals

VocabularyGrammar Verb tenses review Indefinite pronouns Conditionals At the airport Grammar Lack of obligation Make vs.

At the airport

Indefinite pronouns Conditionals Vocabulary At the airport Grammar Lack of obligation Make vs. Do Emphatic Indirect

Grammar

Lack of obligation

Make vs. Do

Emphatic

Indirect speech

Lack of obligation Make vs. Do Emphatic Indirect speech Vocabulary The human body Illnesses Activity At

Vocabulary

The human body

Illnesses

Emphatic Indirect speech Vocabulary The human body Illnesses Activity At the doctor´s Grammar Prepositions Anaphoric

Activity

At the doctor´s

Grammar

Prepositions

Anaphoric 'to'

When to use and not to use the article 'the'

When to use and not to use the article 'the' Vocabulary Physical description. Appearence and

Vocabulary

Physical description. Appearence and personality(collocations)

Activities

Amelia Earhart

1

The Love Competition Grammar The 3rd conditional Impersonal pronouns / verbs Phrasal verbs Vocabulary Presentations

The Love Competition

The Love Competition Grammar The 3rd conditional Impersonal pronouns / verbs Phrasal verbs Vocabulary Presentations

Grammar

The 3rd conditional

Impersonal pronouns / verbs

Phrasal verbs

Vocabulary3rd conditional Impersonal pronouns / verbs Phrasal verbs Presentations Meetings Grammar Uses of 'wish'

Presentations

Meetings

/ verbs Phrasal verbs Vocabulary Presentations Meetings Grammar Uses of 'wish' Emphasis The passive voice

Grammar

Uses of 'wish'

Emphasis

The passive voice

Grammar Uses of 'wish' Emphasis The passive voice Vocabulary Oooooops!! Intensifiers Newcomer. Comebac k.

Vocabulary

Oooooops!!

Intensifiers

Newcomer. Comeback. Comedown. Come-on

Intensifiers Newcomer. Comebac k. Comedown. Come-on Activitiy Jobs Grammar Hardly / Scarcely Exclamations:

Activitiy

Jobs

Newcomer. Comebac k. Comedown. Come-on Activitiy Jobs Grammar Hardly / Scarcely Exclamations: structures

Grammar

Hardly / Scarcely

Exclamations: structures

Jobs Grammar Hardly / Scarcely Exclamations: structures Vocabulary Job Interview adjectives and useful vocabulary

Vocabulary

Job Interview adjectives and useful vocabulary

Scarcely Exclamations: structures Vocabulary Job Interview adjectives and useful vocabulary Grammar On time vs. In time

Grammar

On time vs. In time

2

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

Begin and Start

Reciprocal pronouns

Inglés NIVEL B2 Begin and Start Reciprocal pronouns Vocabulary Deadlines Politeness Grammar One and ones It

Vocabulary

Deadlines

Politeness

GrammarStart Reciprocal pronouns Vocabulary Deadlines Politeness One and ones It and there Vocabulary Social Language Grammar

One and ones

It and there

Deadlines Politeness Grammar One and ones It and there Vocabulary Social Language Grammar Common problems with

Vocabulary

Social Language

Grammar One and ones It and there Vocabulary Social Language Grammar Common problems with count /uncount

Grammar

Common problems with count /uncount nouns

Social Language Grammar Common problems with count /uncount nouns Vocabulary Situational language: fixed expressions 3

Vocabulary

Situational language: fixed expressions

3

4

4

Unit 1 B2
Unit 1 B2

Unit 1

B2

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

B2 – UNIT 1

VERB TENSES REVIEW

The simple present

AFIRMATIVO

 

NEGATIVO

 

S+V (infinitivo sin to )+C

S+Aux (do/does)+Neg+V ( base form )+C

I

     

I

     

He

Wants

Do

He

Does not want

You

We

want

She

Studies

You

We

not/don’t

She

Study

They

It

goes

They

want

It

go

INTERROGACIÓN

 

Aux (do/does)+S+V ( base form )+C+?

 
 

I

       

He

Want?

You

Do

We

want?

 

Does

She

study?

 

It

Go?

They

EXERCISE1

CONJUGATE THE VERBS

a. I (travel) ………. to London every week.

b. They (run) ………. in the park every Saturdays. l

c. My father mother (not clean use the complete form) ………. the house.

d. Mary (work) ………. in a bank.

e. John (walk)………. to his office.

f. You (study) ………. English at school.

g. The dog (break) ………. the fence.

h. The car (be) ………. in the garage.

i. My father (have) ………. a nice coat.

5

PARIS a. We (live) ………. in Paris. b. George (sell) ………. peaches and apples. c.

PARIS

a. We (live) ………. in Paris. b. George (sell) ………. peaches and apples. c. I
a. We (live) ………. in Paris.
b. George (sell) ………. peaches and apples.
c. I always (visit) ………. my grandmother.
d. Alice (go) ………. to the church.
e. They (be) ………. my best friends.
f. You always (pay) ………. the tickets.
g. London (be) ………. a big and nice city.
h. My cousin (paint) ………. the house.
i. I (study) ………. and (work) ………. in Madrid.
j.
Mike never (do) ………. the homework.

The present continuous

AFIRMATIVO

 

NEGATIVO

 

S+ be (pres. Simpl.)+V (ing)+C

 

S+ be (pres. Simpl.)+Neg+V (ing)+C

I am walking

He

 

I am not walking

 

He

 
   

is

   

is not

You

We

are

She

It

walking

You

We

 

are not

She

It

walking

walking

walking

They

They

INTERROGACIÓN

 

Be (pres. Simpl.)+S+V (ing)+C+?

 

Am I walking?

   

He

 
 

You

 

Is

She

walking?

Are

We

walking?

It

They

6

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

EXERCISE1

CONJUGATE THE VERBS

a. She ………. give ………. me a gift.

b. My father and my brother ………. paint ………. the house.

c. Joe ………. climb ………. the mountain.

d. They ………. eat ………. at the shopping center.

e. My grandmother ………. wear ………. a coat.

f. Meg and Brian ………. wait ………. for you.

g. The pupils ………. explain ………. the lesson.

h. My sister ………. buy ………. a red dress.

i. The secretary ………. write ………. a letter.

j. The maid ………. clean ………. the house.

k. The tourists ………. take ………. photographs.

l. They ………. repair ………. the car.

m. The dog and the cat ………. play ………. in the garden.

n. Peter and Tom ………. work ………. in a pet shop.

o. I ………. invite ………. you to my birthday party.

p. The kids ………. wash ………. the hands.

q. The doctor ………. talk ………. to the nurse.

r. My friends ………. open ………. a new store.

s. Max ………. send ………. you an e-mail.

t. I ………. stay ………. at the hotel.

The future

AFIRMATIVO

 

NEGATIVO

 

S+Aux (will)+V ( base form )+C

S+Aux (will)+Neg+V ( base form )+C

I

     

I

     

You

Will

He

Will

You

Will

He

Will not

We

travel

She

It

travel

We

not

travel

She

It

travel

They

They

INTERROGACIÓN

 

Aux (will)+S+V ( base form )+C+?

 
 

I

       

He

You

Will

travel?

 

Will

She

travel?

We

 

It

They

7

EXERCISE1 CONJUGATE THE VERBS a lot of money. around the world. you. any problems. you.

EXERCISE1

CONJUGATE THE VERBS

a lot of money. around the world. you. any problems. you. your wishes. perfect.
a lot of money.
around the world.
you.
any problems.
you.
your wishes.
perfect.

lots of interesting people.

1. You (earn)

2. You (travel)

3. You (meet)

4. Everybody (adore)

5. You (not / have)

6. Many people (serve)

7. They (anticipate)

8. There (not / be)

9. Everything (be)

anything left to wish for.

10. But all these things (happen / only)

if you marry me.

James, 18 years old, asked an ugly fortune teller about his future. Here is what she told him: (fill in the gaps)

very happy. a lot of money. you. a beautiful girl. her. you.
very happy.
a lot of money.
you.
a beautiful girl.
her.
you.

a beautiful house.

1. You (be)

2. You (get)

3. You (buy)

4. Your friends (envy)

5. You (meet)

6. You (marry)

7. You and your wife (travel)

8. People (serve)

9. They (not/refuse)

10. But all this (happen / only)

around the world.

to make you happy.

when you are 70 years old.

8

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

The future continuous

AFIRMATIVO

 

NEGATIVO

 

S+ Aux(will)+ be(base form)+V (ing)+C

 

S+ Aux(will)+Neg+be(base form)+V (ing)+C

 

I will be lending

He

 

I will not be lending

 

He

 
   

She

Will be

   

She

 

will not

You

lending

You

will not

be

lending

We

will be

lending

It

We

be

It

They

They

lending

 

INTERROGACIÓN

 

Aux (will)+S+be (base form)+V (ing)+C+?

 

Will I be lending?

   

He

 
 

You

 

Will

She

be lending?

Will

We

 

Be

lending?

It

 

They

. . to music. this evening. again?
.
.
to music.
this evening.
again?

home this afternoon?

tomorrow morning

1. Tomorrow morning we (work)

2. This time next week we (have)

3. At midnight I (sleep)

4. This evening we (watch)

5. They (not/do)

6. He (listen)

7. I (read) a book

8. (walk / you)

9. He (not/draw)

10. They (argue)

a party.

a talk show.

their homework this afternoon.

9

 The simple past AFIRMATIVO   NEGATIVO   S+V (pasado)+C   S+Aux (did)+Neg+V ( base

The simple past

AFIRMATIVO

 

NEGATIVO

 

S+V (pasado)+C

 

S+Aux (did)+Neg+V ( base form )+C

I

-Studied

He

-Studied

I

 

He

 

You

-Vb.irreg

She

-Vb.irreg

You

did not

She

did not

We

(2ª

(2ª

We

study

study

They

columna)

It

columna)

They

It

INTERROGACIÓN

 

Aux (did)+S+V ( base form )+C+?

 
 

I

       

He

You

Did

study?

 

Did

She

study?

We

 

It

 

They

fantastic.
fantastic.

1. Last year I (go)

2. It (be)

3. I (visit) friends of mine .

to England on holiday.

lots of interesting places. I (be)

. to England on holiday. lots of interesting places. I (be) a lot. 4. In the
a lot.
a lot.

4. In the mornings we (walk)

in the streets of London.

5. In the evenings we (go)

to pubs.

6. The weather (be)

7. It (not / rain)

8. But we (see)

9. Where (spend / you)

strangely fine.

some beautiful rainbows.

your last holiday?

with two

10

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

Put the sentences into simple past.

1. We move to a new house.

sentences into simple past. 1. We move to a new house. → 2. They bring a
sentences into simple past. 1. We move to a new house. → 2. They bring a

2. They bring a sandwich.

3. He doesn't do the homework.

4. They sell cars.

5. Does he visit his friends?

4. They sell cars. → 5. Does he visit his friends? → Write sentences in simple
4. They sell cars. → 5. Does he visit his friends? → Write sentences in simple
4. They sell cars. → 5. Does he visit his friends? → Write sentences in simple

Write sentences in simple past.

1. Janet / miss / the bus

sentences in simple past. 1. Janet / miss / the bus → 2. she / tidy
sentences in simple past. 1. Janet / miss / the bus → 2. she / tidy

2. she / tidy / her room

3. Nancy / watch / not / television

4. she / read / a book

/ watch / not / television → 4. she / read / a book → Choose
/ watch / not / television → 4. she / read / a book → Choose

Choose "Was“ or "Were“:

1. The teacher …

2. The students

nice.

very clever.

3. But one student

 

in

trouble.

 

4. We

sorry

for him.

 

5. He

nice

though.

The past continuous

 
 

AFIRMATIVO

 

NEGATIVO

 

S+ be (pasd. Simpl.)+V (ing)+C

S+ be (pasd. Simpl.)+Neg+V (ing)+C

I was driving

   

I was not driving

He

 
   

He

   

You

She

was

You

She

was not

driving

were

driving

We

were

 

We

not

 

driving

It

 

It

 

They

They

driving

INTERROGACIÓN

 

11

Be (pasd. Simpl.)+S+V (ing)+C+?   Was I driving?     He     You  

Be (pasd. Simpl.)+S+V (ing)+C+?

 

Was I driving?

   

He

 
 

You

 

Was

She

driving?

Were

We

driving?

It

They

Put the verbs into the correct form (past progressive).

dinner. all day.
dinner.
all day.

1. When I phoned my friends, they (play)

monopoly.

2. Yesterday at six I (prepare)

3. The kids (play)

4. I (practice)

5. We (not / cycle)

in the garden when it suddenly began to rain.

the guitar when he came home.

it suddenly began to rain. the guitar when he came home. 6. While Alan (work) the

6. While Alan (work) the pool.

7. I tried to tell them the truth but they (not / listen )

in his room, his friends (swim)

.

yesterday?
yesterday?

8. What (you / do)

9. Most of the time we (sit)

10. I (listen)

11. When I arrived, They (play)

in the park.

to the radio while my sister (watch)

cards.

12. We (study)

English yesterday at 4:00 pm .

(play) in the park. to the radio while my sister (watch) cards. 12. We (study) English

TV.

in

12

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

The present perfect

AFIRMATIVO

 

NEGATIVO

 

S+ Aux.(have/has)+V (P.p)+C

S+ Aux.(have/has)+Neg+V (P.p)+C

I have bought

   

I have not bought

He

 
   

He

has

   

has not

You

have

She

bought

You

have not

She

bought

We

bought

It

(he’s)

We

bought

It

(hasn’t)

They

(you’ve)

They

(haven’t)

INTERROGACIÓN

 

Aux.(have/has)+S+V (P.p)+C+?

 

Have I bought?

   

He

 
 

You

 

Has

She

bought?

Have

We

bought?

It

They

a.

Sue (lose) …………… the key of her car.

 

b.

Peter (save) …………… almost $7000 for a new motorcycle.

c.

Jenny (finish) …………… her homework.

 

d.

Some boy (break) …………… the windows.

 

e.

My mother (buy) ……………new glasses.

f.

I (read) ……………a hundred pages of the book.

 

g.

My niece (find) …………… a valuable necklace.

 

h.

The town(suffer) …………… terrible floods.

i.

Martha (think) ……………very carefully her situation.

 

j.

The factories (contaminate) …………… too many rivers.

k.

Sofie (study) …………… so hard for the final exam.

 

l.

We (write) …………… a lot of beautiful poems.

 

m.

Margaret (travel) …………… to Italy.

 

n.

I (go) …………… to the cinema.

 

o.

They (bring) …………… a lovely dog.

 

p.

Sam (arrive) ……………late to work.

q.

Mark (visit) …………… wonderful cities in Europe.

 

r.

My mother (make) …………… a nice dress for my sister.

 

s.

Clare (invite) …………… her boyfriend to the wedding.

t.

Lia (want) …………… to work in the fashion industry.

13

 The past perfect AFIRMATIVO   NEGATIVO   S+ Aux.(had)+V (P.p)+C   S+ Aux.(had)+Neg+V (P.p)+C

The past perfect

AFIRMATIVO

 

NEGATIVO

 

S+ Aux.(had)+V (P.p)+C

 

S+ Aux.(had)+Neg+V (P.p)+C

I had bought (I’d)

He

 

I had not bought

 

He

 
   

had

   

had not

You

had

She

bought

You

She

bought

We

bought

It

(he’d)

We

had not

bought

It

(hadn’t)

They

(you‘d)

They

(hadn’t)

INTERROGACIÓN

 

Aux.(had)+S+V (P.p)+C+?

 

Had I bought?

   

He

 
 

You

 

Had

She

Bought?

Had

We

bought?

It

They

a. Astronauts (fly) …………… through space for hours.

b. The boys (steal) …………… the bicycles.

c. They (have) …………… a long and uncomfortable trip.

d. The beggar (find) …………… five bottles of beer.

e. He (show) …………… me the content of the parcel.

f. My sister Ann (begin) …………… her diet a week ago.

g. She (think) …………… a good idea.

h. The postman (deliver) …………… my letter.

i. He (retire) …………… from political life.

j. Alice (leave) …………… her bag on a chair.

a. She (buy) …………… a new pair of red shoes.

b. We (have) …………… lunch at a village inn.

c. He (drink) …………… whisky before dinner.

d. My sister (lose) …………… U$S 50 in the street.

e. The children (kick) …………… a ball very hard.

f. My mother (receive) …………… a letter from Canada.

g. My father (give) …………… me some money.

h. Jenny (finish) …………… her job at the office.

14

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

i. They (enjoy) …………… Roy’s party.

j. Pupils (learn) …………… the English lesson.

The future perfect

AFIRMATIVO

 

NEGATIVO

 

S+ Aux.(will)+(have)+V (P.p)+C

S+ Aux.(will)+Neg+(have)+V (P.p)+C

I will have bought

He

will

I will not have bought

He

will not

   

have

   

have

You

will have

She

bought

You

will not

She

bought

We

They

bought

(you‘ll

have)

It

(he’ll

have)

We

They

have

bought

(won’t

have)

It

(won’t

have)

INTERROGACIÓN

 

Aux.(will)+S+(have)+V (P.p)+C+?

 

Will I have bought?

   

He

 
 

You

 

Will

She

have

Will

We

have bought?

It

bought?

They

 

a.

Before her birthday, we (buy) …………… the gifts.

b.

c.

Before 8 o’clock, I (drink) …………… two coffees.

d.

e.

f.

g.

h.

i.

Susan and Brian (organize) ………… gets home.

 

j.

By the end of the week I (pay) …………

 

They (understand) …………… the translation before tomorrow.

By the end of December I (finish) …………… the school.

By the end of spring she (get thin) …………. 2 pounds.

She (approve) …………… the test before the holidays.

Before the weekend, we (travel) …………… to Chicago.

They (not/study) …………… the lesson by this afternoon.

a party, before Tom

all the debts.

15

a. By the end of April she (get marry) ………… b. By the end of
a. By the end of April she (get marry) ………… b. By the end of

a. By the end of April she (get marry) …………

b. By the end of the trial, the police (send) …………… the man to prison.

Tom.

c. You (learn) …………… the exercises before the term test.

d. By the time you left you (see) …………… all the historic places.

e. By the time we arrive to the concert, the play (start) …………….

f. Before 12 o’clock, he (sign) …………… the contract.

g. Alice and Michael (find) ……………. a new job by this evening.

h. You (sell) …………… your house by the time you have moved to Seattle.

i. My mother (water) …………… the plants by the time it begins raining.

j. By the time they get home, we (drive) …………… 100 kilometres.

The Present Perfect Continuous

AFIRMATIVO

 

NEGATIVO

 

S+

S+

Aux.(have/has)+be(P.p)+V(ing)+C

Aux.(have/has)+Neg+be(P.p)+V(ing)+C

I have been selling

   

has

I have not been selling

 

have not

   

He

been

   

He

been

You

have

been

selling

She

It

selling

(he’s

You

have not

been

She

It

selling

(hasn’t

We

been)

We

selling

been)

They

(you‘ve

They

(haven’t

been)

been)

INTERROGACIÓN

 

Aux.(have/has)+S+be(P.p)+V(ing)+ C+?

 

Have I been selling?

   

He

 
 

You

 

Has

She

been selling?

Have

We

been selling?

 

It

They

 

16

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

1) She (work) here for five years. 2) I (study) all day. 3) You (eat)
1) She
(work) here for five years.
2) I
(study) all day.
3) You
(eat) a lot recently.
4) We
(live) in London for six months
5) He
(play) football, so he's tired.
6) They
(learn) English for two years.
7) I
(cook) so I'm really hot.
8) She
(go) to the cinema every weekend for years.
9) It
(rain) the pavement is wet.
10) You
(sleep) for twelve hours.
11) I
(not/work) today.
12) You (not/eat) well recently. 13) We (not/exercise) enough. 14) She (not/study). 15) They (not/live)
12) You (not/eat) well recently. 13) We (not/exercise) enough. 14) She (not/study). 15) They (not/live)
12) You
(not/eat) well recently.
13) We
(not/exercise) enough.
14) She
(not/study).
15) They
(not/live) here for very long.
16) It
(not/snow).
17) He
(not/play) football for five years.
18) We
(not/drink) enough water - that's why we feel tired.
19) I
(not/sleep) I was reading.
20) They
(not/watch) TV much recently.

18

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

The past perfect continuous

AFIRMATIVO

 

NEGATIVO

 

S+

S+

Aux.(had)+be(P.p)+V(ing)+C

Aux.(had)+Neg+be(P.p)+V(ing)+C

I had been selling

 

had

I had not been selling

 

had not

   

He

been

   

He

been

You

had

been

selling

She

It

selling

(he’d

You

had not

been

She

It

selling

(hadn’t

We

been)

We

selling

been)

They

(you‘d

They

(hadn’t

been)

been)

INTERROGACIÓN

 

Aux.(had)+S+be(P.p)+V(ing)+ C+?

 

Had I been selling?

   

He

 
 

You

 

Had

She

been selling?

Had

We

been selling?

It

They

Practice 1: Complete these sentences with the word(s) in brackets using the past perfect continuous. Remember to use contractions ("I'd" not "I had") where possible.

("I'd" not "I had") where possible. 1. He was sad because all day. (it, rain) English

1. He was sad because

all day. (it, rain)

English for years. (she, study)

2. I thought that

3. I knew that

4. We didn't know where to go because

5. Before the accident,

my shampoo. (he, use)

didn't know where to go because 5. Before the accident, my shampoo. (he, use) . (we,
didn't know where to go because 5. Before the accident, my shampoo. (he, use) . (we,

. (we, not, listen)

? (he, drink?)

19

Practice 2: Past Perfect Simple or Continuous? Choose the best tense to complete the following

Practice 2: Past Perfect Simple or Continuous? Choose the best tense to complete the following sentences. Again, remember to use contractions. And remember that simple tenses are used for states or short, finished actions when we say how many. Continuous is used for long, unfinished or repeated actions.

Continuous is used for long, unfinished or repeated actions. 1. He was hungry because 2. anything

1. He was hungry because

2.

anything all day. (he, not, eat)

Her hand started hurting because play)

The milk smelt bad because

TV for hours before he fell asleep. (he, watch)

She didn't know that

She was delighted because her wish

computer games all day. (she,

to put it in the fridge. (I, forget)

her. (I, always, love)

to put it in the fridge. (I, forget) her. (I, always, love) true. (come) 3. 4.

true. (come)

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

her. (I, always, love) true. (come) 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. for 40 years before
her. (I, always, love) true. (come) 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. for 40 years before

for 40 years before he decided to stop. (he, smoke)

down with a book when the phone rang. (I, just, sit)

Future Perfect Continuous

AFIRMATIVO

 

NEGATIVO

 

S+

S+

Aux.(will)+(have)+be(P.p)+V(ing)+C

Aux.(will)+Neg+(have)+be(P.p)+V(ing)+C

I will have been selling

 

will

I will not have been selling

   
   

have

   

He

been

selling

(he’ll

have

will not

He

will not

will have

She

have

She

have

You

We

been

selling

It

You

We

been

selling

It

been

selling

They

(you‘ll have

been)

They

 

(won’t

been)

have

been)

INTERROGACIÓN

 

Aux.(will)+S+(have)+be(P.p)+V(ing)+C+?

 

Will I have been selling?

       
     

He

You

Will

She

have been

Will

We

have been selling?

It

selling?

They

20

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

Future Simple, Continuous or Perfect?

Practice: Complete each sentence using the future continuous, future perfect simple, or future perfect continuous.

Sarah has just finished her medical degree, and she starts her new job soon.

In September, she

By Christmas, she

starts her new job soon. In September, she By Christmas, she as a doctor. (work) a

as a doctor. (work)

In September, she By Christmas, she as a doctor. (work) a doctor for 5 months. (be)

a doctor for 5 months. (be)

I'm going on holiday four times this year. The first holiday is next week.

This time next week, I

year. The first holiday is next week. This time next week, I dinner in a Spanish

dinner in a Spanish restaurant. (eat)

By the end of the year, I

in a Spanish restaurant. (eat) By the end of the year, I four holidays. (have) Don't

four holidays. (have)

Don't phone me at 7 o'clock - I

holidays. (have) Don't phone me at 7 o'clock - I dinner. (make) Phone me at 8

dinner. (make)

Phone me at 8 o'clock - I

o'clock - I dinner. (make) Phone me at 8 o'clock - I my dinner by then.

my dinner by then. (finish)

- How many exams

o'clock - I my dinner by then. (finish) - How many exams by the time you

by the time you are 21? (you, take)

- Lots! But I'm not worried. I know I

21? (you, take) - Lots! But I'm not worried. I know I them all! (pass) -

them all! (pass)

- Do you think that the sea level (continue)

all! (pass) - Do you think that the sea level (continue) to rise in the next

to rise in the next 20 years?

- Yes, definitely. And maybe cities like London (disappear)

level (continue) to rise in the next 20 years? - Yes, definitely. And maybe cities like

by then.

21

- Really? So maybe in 2050 people (live) VERB TENSES REVIEW in underwater cities!!! You

- Really? So maybe in 2050 people (live)

VERB TENSES REVIEW

- Really? So maybe in 2050 people (live) VERB TENSES REVIEW in underwater cities!!! You are

in underwater cities!!!

You are going to watch a short film called Moments about the small moments that make life extraordinary. After watching it, answer one of these questions below:

What is important to you in your own life right now?

What was important to you in your own life in the past?

What will be important to you in your own life in the future?

http://vimeo.com/8189067#at=0

And to finish with, how would you define a moment?

INDEFINITE PRONOUNS

SOMEBODY/NOBODY/ ANYBODY/ EVERYBODY

Somebody (some-body)- Alguien

Se utiliza en frases positivas y tiene sentido positivo.

There was somedoby behind the tree.

(Había alguien detrás del árbol).

Nobody (no-body)- Nadie

Se utiliza en frases positivas y tiene sentido negativo.

There was nobody behind the tree.

(No había nadie detrás del árbol).

22

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

Anybody (any-body) – Alguien / Cualquier persona

Se utiliza en frases negativas con sentido negativo.

There wasn’t anybody behind the tree. (No había nadie detrás del árbol).

Se utiliza en frases interrogativas con sentido positivo.

Was there anybody behind the tree? (¿Había alguien detrás del árbol?).

Everybody (every-body) – Todos

Se utiliza en frases positivas con sentido positivo.

Es importante recordar que funciona como 3ª persona del singular.

Everybody was hidden behind the tree. (Todo el mundo estaba escondido detrás del árbol).

Lee ahora la siguiente historia, donde aparecen mezcladas las palabras anteriores:

Once upon a time, there were four people:

Their names were Everybody, Somebody, Nobody and Anybody. Whenever there was an important job to be done, Everybody was sure that Somebody would do it. Anybody could have done it, but Nobody did it. When Nobody did it, Somebody got angry because it was Everybody's job. Everybody thought that Somebody would do it, but Nobody realized that Nobody would do it. So consequently Everybody blamed Somebody when Nobody did what Anybody could have done in the first place.

23

Exercise7. Find extra words in these sentences. If there is an extra word just cross

Exercise7. Find extra words in these sentences. If there is an extra word just cross it out, but if there isn’t any extra word, write a tick next to the sentence.

1. Everybody all in my class is very excited about the trip.

2. Was there some anyone nice at the graduation party?

3. Jess didn’t know anyone on his first day at school.

4. Do you know anything about La Réunion?

5. There was nobody person at the bank at lunchtime.

Exercise8. Write SOMEBODY/ANYBODY/NOBODY/EVERYBODY in the following sentences:

1. Music is something that … likes.

2. He’s a very strange boy, he doesn’t go out with….

3. I haven’t spoken to…about that.

4. I need

to help me finish the report today.

5. … told me Margaret got married last month, but I don’t remember who.

would 6

be able to paint this picture in only two hours, it’s impossible.

Excersice2. Find extra words in these sentences. If there is an extra word just cross it, but if there isn’t any extra word, write a tick next to the sentence.

1. Everybody all in my class is very excited about the trip.

2. Was there some anyone nice at the graduation party?

3. Jess didn’t know anyone on his first day at school.

24

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

4. Do you know anything about La Réunion?

5. There was nobody person at the bank at lunchtime.

Exercise3. Write SOMEBODY/ANYBODY/NOBODY/EVERYBODY in the following

sentences:

1. Music is

that everybody likes.

2. He’s a very strange boy, he doesn’t go out with

3. I haven’t spoken to

about that.

4. I need

to help me finish the report today.

5. told me Margaret got married last month, but I don’t remember who.

6. would be able to paint this picture in only two hours, it’s impossible

CONDITIONALS

The Zero Conditional: if + present simple +

present simple

If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils.

This conditional is used when the result will always happen. So, if water reaches 100 degrees, it always boils. It's a fact. I'm talking in general, not about one particular situation. The result of the 'if clause' is always the main cluase.

The 'if' in this conditional can usually be replaced by 'when' without changing the

meaning.

1st conditional: if + Present Simple — Future Simple

— may + infinitive

— can + infinitive

— imperative

2nd conditional: if + Past Simple — would / could / might + infinitive

25

Fill in the gaps with the right form of the verbs given to make the

Fill in the gaps with the right form of the verbs given to make the first conditional.

If you The children If i win the lottery,I My mother will be angry if
If you
The children
If i win the lottery,I
My mother will be angry if i
If it
If you
If Jane
If Andrew

1.

to the party, you will see Mary. (go)

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10. We may go to the beach, if the weather

happy, if their mother allows them to go to the party. (be)

a big house. (buy)

home late. (come)

, we can have a picnic. (not rain)

Tom, please tell him to call me. (see)

all her exams, her parents will be very pleased. (pass)

all her exams, her parents will be very pleased. (pass) if you ask her? (she come)

if you ask her? (she come)

hard, he will meet the deadline. (work)

good. (be)

Fill in the gaps with the right form of the verbs given to make the second conditional.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

make the second conditional. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. If i

If i

If Mary had insurance, she have to)

If Scott

If Mary wore smarter clothes, she

you, i would go to the doctor. (be)

smarter clothes, she you, i would go to the doctor. (be) pay for the damage to

pay for the damage to her car. (not

the answer, he would help me. (know)

to her car. (not the answer, he would help me. (know) more attractive. (look) You If

more attractive. (look)

You If you If he If we Jesicca
You
If you
If he
If we
Jesicca

to his party if he invited you? (you go)

fatter if you ate cuips every day. (get)

more time, would you exercise more? (have)

so carefully, i would trust him to give me a lift. (not drive)

tickets, we would go to the concert. (find)

angry if you told her the truth. (not be)

26

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

Fill in the gaps with the right form of the verbs given to make either the first or the second conditional.

given to make either the first or the second conditional. 1. Will she come if Jason

1. Will she come if Jason

her? (call)

2. If Sarah were rich, she

in an expensive hotel. (stay)

3. If he

, i will never speak to him again. (not apologise)

4. If Dad

the TV set, we will be able to watch our favourite programme. (fix)

5. If i were you, i

to her more politely. (speak)

6. If Sue

7. I

8. If Zack

her key, she would have to stay to her grandparents'. (lose)

meet you if i don't finish my homework. (meet)

harder, he will passhis driving test. (try)

9. If you

so impolite, i would enjoy your company. (not be)

10. Tom will be amazed if you

him the picture you drew. (show

Make zero conditionals:

For example:

(not / rain / the flowers / die)

If it doesn’t rain, the flowers die.

1. (I / wake up late / I / be late for work)

2. (my husband / cook / he / burn the food)

3. (Julie / not wear a hat / she / get sunstroke)

4. (children / not eat well / they / not be healthy)

5. (you / mix water and electricity / you / get a shock)

6. (people / eat / too many sweets / they / get fat)

27

7. (you / smoke / you / get yellow fingers) 8. (children / play outside

7. (you / smoke / you / get yellow fingers)

8. (children / play outside / they / not get overweight)

9. (you / heat ice / it / melt)

10. (I / speak to John / he / get annoyed)

CONDITIONALS – ACTIVITY

Moral dilemma – second conditional practice with videos

You are going to watch a short film based on a moral dilemma. As you watch the film you should answer the question:

What is the moral dilemma?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=QrKnhOJ-R80

What would you do in this situation?

What would you do with your life if money was no objec

28

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

VOCABULARY

AT THE AIRPORT

Inglés NIVEL B2 VOCABULARY AT THE AIRPORT WAITING ROO S E A T S TOILETS/RESTROOMS NEWSSTAND

WAITING ROO

Inglés NIVEL B2 VOCABULARY AT THE AIRPORT WAITING ROO S E A T S TOILETS/RESTROOMS NEWSSTAND

SEATS

Inglés NIVEL B2 VOCABULARY AT THE AIRPORT WAITING ROO S E A T S TOILETS/RESTROOMS NEWSSTAND

TOILETS/RESTROOMS

Inglés NIVEL B2 VOCABULARY AT THE AIRPORT WAITING ROO S E A T S TOILETS/RESTROOMS NEWSSTAND

NEWSSTAND

Inglés NIVEL B2 VOCABULARY AT THE AIRPORT WAITING ROO S E A T S TOILETS/RESTROOMS NEWSSTAND

29

TICKET OFFICE P L A T F O R M CARRIAGE 30 L U G

TICKET OFFICE

TICKET OFFICE P L A T F O R M CARRIAGE 30 L U G G
TICKET OFFICE P L A T F O R M CARRIAGE 30 L U G G

PLATFORM

TICKET OFFICE P L A T F O R M CARRIAGE 30 L U G G

CARRIAGE

TICKET OFFICE P L A T F O R M CARRIAGE 30 L U G G

30

LUGGAGE RACK

TICKET OFFICE P L A T F O R M CARRIAGE 30 L U G G

TURNSTILES

TICKET OFFICE P L A T F O R M CARRIAGE 30 L U G G

LEFT LUGGAGE LOCKERS

TICKET OFFICE P L A T F O R M CARRIAGE 30 L U G G

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

SLEEPER

Inglés NIVEL B2 SLEEPER GIFTSHOP 31 TICKET COLLECTOR INFORMATION OFFICE

GIFTSHOP

Inglés NIVEL B2 SLEEPER GIFTSHOP 31 TICKET COLLECTOR INFORMATION OFFICE

31

TICKET COLLECTOR

Inglés NIVEL B2 SLEEPER GIFTSHOP 31 TICKET COLLECTOR INFORMATION OFFICE

INFORMATION OFFICE

Inglés NIVEL B2 SLEEPER GIFTSHOP 31 TICKET COLLECTOR INFORMATION OFFICE
RESTAURANT / SELF SERVICE. LOST & FOUND TRACK STEAM TRAIN 32

RESTAURANT / SELF SERVICE.

RESTAURANT / SELF SERVICE. LOST & FOUND TRACK STEAM TRAIN 32

LOST & FOUND

RESTAURANT / SELF SERVICE. LOST & FOUND TRACK STEAM TRAIN 32

TRACK

RESTAURANT / SELF SERVICE. LOST & FOUND TRACK STEAM TRAIN 32

STEAM TRAIN

RESTAURANT / SELF SERVICE. LOST & FOUND TRACK STEAM TRAIN 32

32

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

COMPARTMENT

Inglés NIVEL B2 COMPARTMENT LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT Compartment Dining car/ Restaurant carriage 33

LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT

Inglés NIVEL B2 COMPARTMENT LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT Compartment Dining car/ Restaurant carriage 33

Compartment

Dining car/ Restaurant carriage

Inglés NIVEL B2 COMPARTMENT LUGGAGE COMPARTMENT Compartment Dining car/ Restaurant carriage 33

33

THE TERMINAL, PILLS SCENE This is an excerpt from the movie The Terminal. Read the

THE TERMINAL, PILLS SCENE

THE TERMINAL, PILLS SCENE This is an excerpt from the movie The Terminal. Read the script

This is an excerpt from the movie The Terminal. Read the script or watch the video and try to answer these questions.

1)

What happens in this scene? Can you write some lines about it?

a. Viktor comes to the JFK Airport in New York from Krokozia, a fake

 

country that stops being recognised by the USA because its inner

conflicts. Therefore, he cannot enter the USA nor get back to Krakozia,

so he must stay in the airport until his country’s situation changes.

 

b. In this scene, Viktor translates a passenger’s words because they speak

 

a

similar language. This passenger wants to carry some medicine to his

dying father but the customs agents tell him it is illegal.

2)

Why is Viktor (Tom Hanks) required?

a.

He is required as a translator and in exchange, he will get the

 

documents to leave the airport.

3)

Why is this man so nervous?

a.

Because he wants to give this medicine to his dying father and they tell

 

him it’s not allowed.

4)

What information is contained in the blue immigration form?

a.

The blue immigration form says that you cannot import and/or export

 

medicine to the USA except if it is for animals.

5)

What happens to the goat?

a.

There is no goat. Viktor knows about the blue immigration form and

 

makes the customs agents think the medicine is for his goat because it

is

the only way he can leave the USA with the medicine for his dying

 

father.

6)

Why does the agent get angry with Viktor?

a.

Because he knows Viktor is lying.

7)

Can you identify some Viktor’s language mistakes?

34

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

a. E.g. I make mistake

8)

b. He say he bring

What does MPL stand for?

a. MPL stands for Medicinal Purchase License

Video and script:

THE TERMINAL PILLS SCENE

http://youtu.be/3GtRJezhIbY

- Sir.

- Yeah.

- Sir, we have a situation upstairs.

- It'll have to wait.

- No. This won't wait.…When the .

without an MPL. They tried to take the pills away and he went nuts. There he is. We think they're for his father.

from Toronto landed, they found four prescriptions

Sir, sir, calm down. Put your weapons down.

Everybody keep your weapons All right. We're here to help you.

We're here to help you, sir. All right. Give me the knife.

- Where's he from?

- Russia.

The only interpreter we got is in Newark.

35

- We have to get someone to talk to him. - I have an idea,

- We have to get someone to talk to him.

- I have an idea, sir.

- Viktor. Viktor.

- [Viktor speaks Bulgarian]

Oh

speak your dialect, but I need you to translate and help me out.

I need your help. His name is Milodragovich. He lives near you. He may not

- I help you? Why?

- I don't want anybody to get hurt. This guy's very upset. Just calm him down and I'll let you back in the terminal.

- No. New York. No red stamp. Green. I green.

- New York.

- OK, yes.

- You say yes?

- Yes.

- OK. OK, OK, OK.

- Stay out!

- We have somebody here to talk to you. Somebody to talk to you. Go ahead.

- Stay out!

[speaks Bulgarian]

[speaks Russian]

- So? OK, tell him in order to export medicines from this country, he needs to have the proper form, a Medicinal License.

- OK? You understand me, Viktor?

[speaks Bulgarian]

He say he bring the medicine for his father. This why he go to Canada. Medicine for father.

- It doesn't matter.

His plane landed in the US. He needs to have the right form.

[speaks Bulgarian]

- He did not know he need this document. No one say to him he need document form.

-I'm saying it to him. He needs to have the form signed by the hospital who is treating

his father. These medicines have to stay in the United States. They have to stay here.

36

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

[speaks Bulgarian]

- He

He's begging you.

- I know. I can see that he's begging. I'm sorry, sir. You'll have to take a flight in the morning. The medicine stays here. I'm sorry.

[speaks Bulgarian]

[woman] Send him down!

[Milodragovich sobs]

- Thank you, Viktor. Good job. Let's go. -Whoa. Goat.

-

What?

-

Goat. It medicine is for goat.

-

Goat?

-

Yes. Medicine is for goat. Goat.

[whimpers]

-

He said that?

-

Yes.

He say

We

not understand. I not understand "goat".

-Why? What are you saying? You misunderstood him? It's not for his dying father?

- No. No.

The

Krakozhia

The

name for "father"

sound

like "goat". I make mistake.

[chuckles]

-Why are you doing this, Viktor?

-Medicine is for

- No, it's not.

- Yes.

- No.

- Yes.

-You read the blue immigration form.

- Blue?

- Yes. Blue.

- Blue?

- Blue. The blue form. The one that says if it's an animal, he doesn't need the license. Then he can bring the drugs in. That's good, Viktor. That's very good. Why are you doing this? Huh? You don't know him. You don't know the rules. Look at me. I was

going to help you. Now I want you to ask him

want to hear him say it. I want to hear him say who the medicine is for. Please. Who

the medicine is for.

goat.

No,

not you. I want you to ask him. I

[speaks Bulgarian]

-Answer him, Mr. Milodragovich. Who are the pills for? That's it.

OK. The pills stay. He goes.

37

-Goat. -Please. For goat. Medicine for goat. Medicine for goat. Medicine for goat. -Give him

-Goat.

-Please. For goat. Medicine for goat. Medicine for goat. Medicine for goat.

-Give him the pills.

-Medicine for goat. Medicine

[Viktor speaks Bulgarian]

[man] Come on now, it's all over.

- He love that goat.

- Do you think I need an excuse to put you back in that cell to keep you there for five years? You go to war with me, and you go to war with the United States. Then you'll know why Krakozhians wait in line for cheap toilet paper while Uncle Sam wipes his ass with Charmin two-ply.

LACK OF OBLIGATION

Need to + verbo en infinitivo:

Indica obligación de una acción. Se debe conjugar el verbo need según hablemos en

tiempo pasado, presente o futuro.

You need to do all the exercises before you leave.

(Tienes que hacer todos los ejercicios antes de irte).

Needn’t + verbo en infinitivo

Don’t need + TO + verbo infinitive*

Indica ausencia de obligación, es decir, que algo no es necesario, en presente o

futuro.

38

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

*Se debe conjugar el verbo need según hablemos en tiempo pasado, presente o futuro.

My husband has just bought some oil, so I needn’t go to the shop. (Mi marido acaba de comprar aceite, así que no hace falta que vaya a la tienda).

I don’t have many things to do, so you don’t need to come at 9am. (No tengo muchas cosas que hacer, así que no es necesario que vengas a las

9h).

Needn’t + present pefect (have + participio del verbo)

Indica ausencia de obligación en una acción que ya se ha llevado a cabo.

I went to the shop and I bought some oil. When I got home, I found that my husband had already bought some, so… I needn’t have gone. (Fui a la tienda y compré aceite. Cuando llegué a casa, vi que mi marido ya había comprado, así que yo no tenía porqué haber ido).

You needn’t have brought him a present. (No tendrías porqué haberle traído un regalo).

Ejercicio 8. Fill in the gaps with need to / don’t need to / needn’t / needn’t have:

1. She

2. You

3. (cleaned) the entire house; our cleaning lady just phone to say she is coming tomorrow.

4. I’m afraid you

5. I

(go) by bike. I would have given her a lift in my car.

(wait), as real VIPs, you can use the back entrance.

I

(work) overtime tomorrow Mr.Smith, we’re very busy.

(write) her phone number in my diary, otherwise I’ll forget.

39

6. I 7. You 8. I (write) her phone number in my diary; I have

6. I

7. You

8. I

(write) her phone number in my diary; I have such a good memory!

(buy) me a present, but I do appreciate the gesture.

(tell) her what I felt for her; it was written all over my face.

Ejercicio9. Translate into English:

1. No tienes que traer mi equipaje, puedo traerlo yo sola.

2. No era necesario que vosotros reservarais la habitación de hotel y el vuelo.

3. Será necesario que le cuentes a Mary tu problema, si no lo haces, no entenderá

muchas cosas.

4. Robert tenía que quedarse en el restaurante hasta que su jefe llegara.

4. MAKE vs. DO

El verbo hacer puede traducirse en inglés como to make o to do. Es necesario saber en qué situaciones utilizamos uno u otro, así como la traducción de diversas expresiones.

Utilizamos do cuando hablamos de hacer en una situación general, así como la realización de una acción, actividad o tarea.

I don’t know what to do. (No sé qué hacer).

He would do anything for his mother. (Lo haría todo por su madre).

40

Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

Do the homework. (Hacer los deberes).

Do the laundry. (Hacer la colada).

Expresiones importantes con DO:

. do business (hacer negocios)

· do a favour (hacer un favor)

· do well (hacer algo bien)

· do harm (hacer daño)

· do the housework (hacer tareas del hogar)

· do one’s best (hacer lo major de uno)

· do your nails (hacerse las uñas)

· do a test (hacer un test)

· do an experiment (hacer un experimento)

· do the shopping (hacer la compra)

Utilizamos make para hablar de acciones de las cuales resulta un objeto físico.

Make a cup of coffee. (Preparar una taza de café).

Make a dress. (Hacer un vestido)

Expresiones importantes con MAKE:· make a decision (tomar una decisión)

· make a difference (diferenciar)

· make an effort (hacer un esfuerzo)

· make your bed (hacer tu cama)

· make an excuse (poner una excusa)

· make time (hacer tiempo)

· make a suggestion (hacer una sugerencia)

· make a promise (hacer una promesa)

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· make a fortune (hacer una fortuna) · make a profit (obtener beneficios) · make

· make a fortune (hacer una fortuna)

· make a profit (obtener beneficios)

· make friends (hacer amigos)

· make a point (hacer un inciso)

· make a fuss (armar un lío)

· make a plan (hacer un plan)

· make a journey (hacer un viaje)

· make a phone call (hacer una llamada)

· make love (hacer el amor)

· make a noise (hacer un ruido)

· make a mistake (cometer un error)

· make a move (hacer un movimiento)

· make money (ganar mucho dinero)

· make a speech (hacer un discurso)

Exercise. Complete the sentences using DO or MAKE in the appropriate tense:

1. Don’t do it, I think you’re

2. We need to

3. She is bringing something to drink and I’m

4. I don’t like him; he’s more likely to

5. Excuse me, can I

6. I admit I’m lazy; I don’t like

7. My son never

his bed.

8. In this case, I think we should

9. Can you

10. Your brother is not the sort of person you can’t

a big mistake.

a plan as soon as possible.

a chocolate cake.

harm than good.

a suggestion?

the ironing.

an exception.

me a favour, please?

business

with.

11. Please, be quiet and don’t

12. They

a noise!

an experiment with rats last week, how disgusting.

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Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

Inglés NIVEL B2 Choose the correct answer ( make or do ) a Escriba la respuesta

Choose the correct answer (make or do)

Inglés NIVEL B2 Choose the correct answer ( make or do ) a Escriba la respuesta

a

Escriba la respuesta correcta en cada entrada de texto1.I need to decision.

2.Can you

3.When we got married, we

me a favour?
me a favour?

each other a promise.

4.Next Sunday, I need to

the shopping.

5.My neighbour’s dog

6.I am a bit nervous because my boss asked me to the company.

7.He is afraid he won´t pass the exam. He

a lot of noise last night and I could not sleep.

exam. He a lot of noise last night and I could not sleep. a speech on

a speech on behalf of

last night and I could not sleep. a speech on behalf of lots of mistakes. business

lots of mistakes.

business with your friends.

8.They say it´s not such a good idea to

9.My sister did not know what to to study.

10.After dinner we normally

with her English exam. She had no time

dinner we normally with her English exam. She had no time the dishes, but my husband

the dishes, but my husband always

we normally with her English exam. She had no time the dishes, but my husband always

an excuse and goes out for a walk.

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‘DO’ ENFÁTICO ◙ El verbo to do , además de verbo hacer y auxiliar, podemos

‘DO’ ENFÁTICO

El verbo to do, además de verbo hacer y auxiliar, podemos usarlo para dar énfasis a

la forma afirmativa de verbos en presente, pasado e imperativo. Lo colocamos entre el

sujeto y el verbo; excepto en el caso de las oraciones imperativas, donde no hay sujeto, el do va delante del verbo.

I do like fruit.

(Claro que me gusta la fruta).

Do rest.

(Descansa) [Con insistencia].

“You don’t like flamenco music, do you? “I do like it”

Para las oraciones en pasado, usamos did y el verbo va en presente.

I did read this book.

(Naturalmente que me leí este libro).

Recuerda que para la tercera persona del singular (he, she, it) usamos does y no le

añadimos al verbo la –s final como marca de tercera persona.

He does live with her.

(Claro que vive con ella)

Exercise1. Change these sentences into emphatic form:

1. I hate watching a film on my own.

2. I came on time to the meeting.

3. Your bedroom is a mess; clean it!

4. I bought a nice present for her.

5. Sit down, please.

6. My sister knows the answer.

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Inglés

Inglés NIVEL B2

NIVEL B2

Exercise 2. Answer these questions in an affirmative way using emphatic “do”:

Example:

“Maggie doesn’t like Daniel, does she?”

“She does like Daniel “/ “She does like him”.

1. Lawrence doesn’t clean his house very often, does he?

2. Ellen doesn’t eat too much chocolate, does she?

3. Audrey doesn’t eat any fruit, does she?

4. Tony didn’t have many girlfriends, did he?

REPORTED SPEECH

El Reported Speech o Indirect Speech se usa para decir lo que alguien ha dicho

anteriormente, y lo hacemos con una frase subordinada:

She told me: “you are working too much”. > Direct Speech (Ella me dijo: “estás trabajando demasiado”)

She told me that I was working too much. > Indirect Speech (Ella me dijo que yo estaba trabajando demasiado).

Cuando pasamos de estilo directo a indirecto, debemos tener en cuenta los cambios

que sufre el tiempo verbal. Los señalamos en negrita en el ejemplo anterior. Y a continuación mostramos un cuadro que resume estos cambios de tiempo:

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  DIRECT SPEECH   INDIRECT SPEECH Simple Present   Simple Past   I go I
 

DIRECT

SPEECH

 

INDIRECT

SPEECH

Simple Present

 

Simple Past

 

I

go

I

went

Voy

Fui/ Iba

 

Present Progressive

 

Past Progressive

 

I

am going

I

was going

Voy

Fuí/ Iba

 

Present Perfect

 

Past Perfect

 

I

have gone

I

had gone

He ido

 

Había ido

Simple Past

 

Past Perfect

 

I

went

I

had gone