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# Moment Curvature

Bonded Tendons

Moment-Curvature Analysis


## Analysis that follows behavior of a bonded

prestressed concrete beam thru the total load
range
Initial Loading Failure

## Curvature is the slope of the strain

distribution line
= c / x

Assumptions
Tendons are bonded to concrete: changes
in strain in the steel & concrete after
bonding are assumed to be the same
Initial strain due to effective prestress in the
tendons (No moment from applied loads):

1.

2.




## In concrete at level of steel ce

In the tendon se (strain in steel after prestess
losses)

b
c

x
dP
AP

ce

se

ce

se

s
(a) Strain Distribution
at Zero Moment

## (a) Strain Distribution

After Moment is Applied

Assumptions (Contd)
3.

4.
5.

6.

7.

## Stress strain curves of concrete and steel

are known
Linear strains though the depth of the beam
Tension and compression forces in the
section are in equilibrium
Ultimate moment corresponds to strain in
concrete that causes crushing or steel strain
that causes fracture of the tendon
Failure in flexure (Adequate shear and bond
strength)

2

c = f ck

c2

c 2 = 2% for

c2

f ck < 50MPa

## c 2 = 2 + 0.085 ( f ck 50)0.53 for

Cc = b f ck

c2

f ck 50MPa

x 2 1
3
c 2

8 c2 3 x

x = x
12 c 2 4 x

fse

T = AP f se
se

Analysis Procedure


Two Stages



## 1st Stage: Beam is elastic and uncracked

2nd Stage: Beam is cracked inelastic analysis
based on material response


top fiber strain






## Assume top fiber strain

Assume depth of neutral axis: x
Compute internal forces: C, T
Check if C = T





## Once final x is calculated compute and M

Assume another top fiber strain and repeat
the whole procedure

Example 1
Normal weight concrete fck = 48MPa, 915 x 458 mm
AP = 1777 mm2, fp0,1k = 1580 MPa, Initial prestressing stress = 1296 MPa,
Ep = 190 GPa, Prestressing losses 15%
Find M, for the following steps:
(a) Initial stage zero applied moment
(b) Zero strain in concrete at level of steel
(c) Cracking moment
(d) Cracked section with top fiber strain 0.001, 0.002 and 0.0035
458

800

AP

(a)

## Initial stage zero applied moment

Use gross section properties
Ac = 0.458 0.915 = 0.42m 2
y p = 0.8

Ic =

0.458 0.9153
= 0.0292m 4
12

0.915
= 0.343m
2

bot =

= 15.2 MPa
0.42
0.0292

top =

= 5.9 MPa
+
0.42
0.0292

Ec = 22(48)
10

top =

0 =

x=

0.3

= 35.2GPa

5 .9
= 0.000168
35200

bot

top )
h

bot =

15.2
= 0.000432
35200

## ( 0.000432 0.000168 ) = 6.557 10 4

0.915

1
m

0.000168 0.915
= 0 .256
0.000168 ( 0 .000432 )

ce =

+
= 12.5MPa
0.42
0.0292

ce =

12.5
= 0.000355
35200

se =

0.85 1296
= 0.00564
195000

(b)

## P = 0.001777 1168800 = 2077kN

I c ce 0.0292 12500
=
= 1067.3kN m
d p yt
0.8 0.458

M1 =

bot1 =

top1 =

top1 =

1 =

x1 =

(c)

+
= 0.62MPa
0.42
0.0292
0.0292

+

= 10.5MPa
0.42
0.0292
0.0292

10.5
= 0.000298
35200

bot 1

top1 )
h

bot1 =

0.62
= 0.0000176
35200

## (0.0000176 ( 0.000298 ) ) = 3.121 10 4

0.915

1
m

0.000298 0.915
= 0.864
0.000298 (0.0000176 )
Cracking moment
Approximate method

## f ctm = 0.3 f ck3 = 0.3 (48) 3 = 4 MPa

2

h
915
f ctm, fl = max 1.6
f ctm ; f ctm = max 1.6
4;4 = 4MPa
1000
1000

M =

( f ctm , fl cb1 ) I c
yb

= 215.5kN m
0.458

f p =

M (d p yt ) n
Ic

n=

E P 195
=
= 5.54
Ec 35.2

## 215.5 0.343 5.54

= 14MPa
0.0292

f s 2 = f s1 + f p = 1168.8 + 14 = 1182.8MPa
P = 0.001777 1182800 = 2101.8kN

bot 2 =
top 2 =

top 2 =

2 =

x2 =

+
= 3.8MPa
0.42
0.0292
0.0292

+

= 13.8MPa
0.42
0.0292
0.0292

13.8
= 0.000392
35200

bot 1

top1 )
h

bot 2 =

3 .8
= 0.000108
35200

## (0.000108 ( 0.000392 ) ) = 5.464 10 4

0.915

1
m

0.000392 0.915
= 0.717
0.000392 (0.000108 )

(c)

Cracked Section
Resultant internal compression force for a rectangular section:

Cc = b f ck

c

x 1 c
c2
3 c2

8 c2 3 c

x = x
12 c 2 4 c

## Moment about prestressing steel location

M c = Cc x + d P x

f P = P EP

f P = f P 0,1k

## For P fP0,1k / EP (1580/190000 = 0.00832)

P
+ ( f Pk f P 0,1k )

uk

T = AP f P

(c)

f P 0.1k

EP

f P 0.1k
EP

## For P > fP0,1k / EP:

P = ( se + ce ) + (d P x )

c
x

c
x

Cracked Section
Assume strain in concrete at the top c = 0.001

Cc = 0.458 48000

0.001
0.001

0.287 1
= 2629kN
0.002
3 0.002

0.001
= 0.00779
0.287

## f P = 0.00779 190000 = 1479.5MPa

T = 0.001777 1470500 = 2629kN
8 0.002 3 0.001
x = 0.287
= 0.187m
12 0.002 4 0.001

## M c = 2629 (0.187 + 0.8 0.287 ) = 1840.3kN m

0.001
1
= 0.00348
0.287
m

(c)

Cracked Section
Assume strain in concrete at the top c = 0.002

Cc = 0.458 48000

0.002
0.002

0.2 1
= 2933kN
0.002
3
0.002

0.002
= 0.012
0.2

(0.0222 0.00832)

Close enough

8 0.002 3 0.002
x = 0.2
= 0.125m
12 0.002 4 0.002

## M c = 2933 (0.125 + 0.8 0.2 ) = 2126kN m

=
(c)

0.002
1
= 0.01
0.2
m

Cracked Section
Assume strain in concrete at the top c = 0.0035

Cc = 0.458 48000

0.0035
0.0035

0.192 1
= 3078kN
0.002
3 0.002

## P = (0.000355 + 0.00564) + (0.8 0.192)

0.0035
= 0.0171
0.192
(0.0171 0.00832) = 1738.1MPa
f P = 1580 + (1830 1580)
(0.0222 0.00832)
T = 0.001777 1738100 = 3088kN

Close enough

10

8 0.002 3 0.0035
x = 0.192
= 0.173m
12 0.002 4 0.0035

0.0035
1
= 0.0182
0.192
m

Moment Curvature
0
-0.000656
1067.3 0.000312
1282.8 0.000546
1840.3
0.00348
2126
0.01
2404
0.0182

2800

Moment (kN-m)

2100

1400

700

0
-0.003

0.003

0.006

0.009

0.012

0.015

0.018

0.021

Curvature (1/m)

11