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RESULTS

First capillary:
Sample name: Cooking oil
Capillary No: 16037900
Capillary diameter: 1.80 mm
Ball Diameter: 1.50 mm
Ball Density: 7.67 g/cm3
Constant, K1: 1.5344 mPa.cm3/g
Density of fluid: 0.92000 g/cm3

Second Capillary
Sample name: Cooking oil
Capillary No: 15921284
Capillary diameter: 3.00 mm
Ball Diameter: 2.50 mm
Ball Density: 7.77 g/cm3
Constant, K1: 0.39116 mPa.cm3/g
Density of fluid: 0.92000 g/cm3

Third Capillary
Sample name: Cooking oil
Capillary No: 15921772
Capillary diameter: 4.00 mm
Ball Diameter: 3.00 mm
Ball Density: 7.75 g/cm3
Constant, K1: 1.41503 mPa.cm3/g
Density of fluid: 0.92000 g/cm3

Capillary

Dynamic Viscosity (mPa.s)

Kinematic Viscosity (mm3/s)

First

71.3724

77.5787

Second

68.9710

74.9684

Third

64.0791

69.6512

Table 1: Dynamic and Kinematic Viscosity for Different Capillary.

SAMPLE CALCULATION

K1=
K1 Calibration constant of the measuring system [mPa.cm3/g]
Dynamic viscosity of the viscosity standard fluid [mPa.s]
Rolling time of ball [s]
Density of ball [g/cm3]
Density of the viscosity standard fluid [g/cm3]

Sample Calculation for First Capillary

0.15344=
= 71.3715 mPa.s

Sample Calculation of Kinematic


Kinematic viscosity =

Kinematic viscosity

=
= 77.5777mm2/s

The results obtained from the viscometer for all of the samples are acceptable because the error
in calculations is only about 0.001%, thus the error are negligible.

DISCUSSIONS
In this experiment, the objective was to determine the dynamic and kinematic viscosity of
cooking oil by using viscometer of different capillary diameter and different diameter and
density of ball. Viscosity is another type of bulk property defined as a liquids resistance to flow.
When the intermolecular forces of attraction are strong within a liquid, there is a larger viscosity,
especially for oil. Viscosity can be divided into two, dynamic viscosity and kinematic viscosity.
Dynamic viscosity (also known as absolute viscosity) is a measure of the internal resistance.
Dynamic viscosity is the tangential force per unit area required to move one horizontal plane
with respect to the other at unit velocity when maintained a unit distance apart by the fluid. As
for kinematic viscosity, it can be defined as the ratio of absolute or dynamic viscosity to density a quantity in which no force is involved. Kinematic viscosity can be obtained by dividing the
dynamic viscosity of a fluid with its mass density.
In this experiment, capillary diameter, ball diameter, and ball density used was different
throughout the experiment. But as for the fluid density, the value was constant (0.92000 g/cm3)
because of the cooking oil used are the same for all experiment. For the first capillary (Capillary
No: 16037900) used, the diameter was 1.80 mm, the ball diameter and density were a 1.50 mm
and 7.67 g/cm3 respectively. The results obtained from this experiment are 71.3724 mPa.s for
dynamic viscosity and 77.5787 mm2/s for kinematic viscosity. As for the second capillary
(Capillary No: 15921284), the capillary diameter was 3.0 mm, the ball diameter was 2.5 mm, and
the ball density was 7.77 g/cm3. The dynamic viscosity obtained from this was 68.9710 mPa.s
and the kinematic viscosity was 74.9684 mm2/s. Lastly for the third capillary (Capillary No:
15921772), the diameter was 4.0 mm. the ball diameter and density were 3.0 mm and 7.75 g/cm3
respectively. The results obtained from this were 64.0791 mPa.s for dynamic viscosity and
69.6512 mm2/s for kinematic viscosity.
From all of the results obtained, it can be seen that as the value of the capillary diameter
increasing, the value for both dynamic and kinematic viscosity decreasing and vice versa. When
the diameter of the capillary was small, the ball in the capillary will find it hard to move because
of the high resistance of the oil in a small area. From the results, it can be relate with the
hydrocarbon in the reservoir that we want to drill. If the porosity and the permeability of the
reservoir have a high value, the process to take out the hydrocarbon will become easier because

of the lower viscosity value for the hydrocarbon. Thus it will save the cost and save time in our
operation.

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