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Demographics of India

Demographics of India
Demographics of India

Population of India, 1961-2003


Population:

1,220,800,359 (2013 est.) (2nd)

Growth rate:

1.41% (2009 est.) (93rd)

Birth rate:

22.22 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Death rate:

1.4 deaths/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Life expectancy:

69.89 years (2009 est.)

male:

67.46 years (2009 est.)

female:

72.61 years (2009 est.)

Fertility rate:

2.5 children born/woman (SRS 2010)

[1]

(82nd)

Infant mortality rate: 30.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)


Age structure
0-14 years:

31.1% (male 190,075,426/female 172,799,553) (2009 est.)

15-64 years:

63.6% (male 381,446,079/female 359,802,209) (2009 est.)

65-over:

5.3% (male 29,364,920/female 32,591,030) (2009 est.)


Sex ratio

At birth:

1.12 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Under 15:

1.10 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

15-64 years:

1.06 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

65-over:

0.90 male(s)/female (2009 est.)


Nationality

Major ethnic:

See Ethnic Groups of India


Language

Official:

See Languages of India

Demographics of India

The demographics of India are inclusive of the second


most populous country in the world, with over 1.21 billion
people (2011 census), more than a sixth of the world's
population. Already containing 17.5% of the world's
population, India is projected to be the world's most
populous country by 2025, surpassing China, its population
reaching 1.6 billion by 2050.[3][4] Its population growth rate
is 1.41%, ranking 102nd in the world in 2010.[]
India has more than 50% of its population below the age of
25 and more than 65% below the age of 35. It is expected
that, in 2020, the average age of an Indian will be 29 years,
compared to 37 for China and 48 for Japan; and, by 2030,
India's dependency ratio should be just over 0.4.[5]

Crude birth rate trends in India


[][2]
(per 1000 people, national average)

India has more than two thousand ethnic groups,[6] and


every major religion is represented, as are four major
families of languages (Indo-European, Dravidian,
Austroasiatic and Tibeto-Burman languages) as well as two
language isolates (the Nihali language[] spoken in parts of
Maharashtra and the Burushaski language spoken in parts
of Jammu and Kashmir).
Further complexity is lent by the great variation that occurs
across this population on social parameters such as income
and education. Only the continent of Africa exceeds the
linguistic, genetic and cultural diversity of the nation of
India.[7]
Infant mortality rate trends in India
(per 1000 births, under age 1, national average)

Salient features
India occupies 2.4% of the world's land area and supports over 17.5% of the world's population. Per the 2001 census,
72.2% of the population[8] lives in about 638,000 villages[9] and the remaining 27.8%[8] lives in more than 5,100
towns and over 380 urban agglomerations.[10]
India's population exceeds that of the entire continent of Africa by 200 million people.[11]

Comparative demographics

Demographics of India

Category

Global Ranking Notes (Reference)

Area

7th

[]

Population

2nd

[]

Population growth rate

102nd of 212

as of 2010

[]
[]

Population density
24th of 212
(people per square kilometer of land area)

as of 2010

Male to Female ratio, at birth

as of 2009

[12]

12th of 214

List of States and Union territories by demographics


Historical population
of India[]
Census

Rank

State or union
territory

Population
(2011)

[]

Uttar Pradesh

199,581,520

Maharashtra

112,372,972

9.29%

Bihar

103,804,637

West Bengal

Pop.

1951

361,088,000

1961

439,235,000

21.6%

1971

548,160,000

24.8%

1981

683,329,000

24.7%

1991

846,387,888

23.9%

2001

1,028,737,436

21.5%

2011

1,210,193,422

17.6%

Rural
[]
Pop.

16.49% 131,658,339

Urban
[]
Pop.

Area
[]
km

Density
(per km)

Area mi

Density
(per mi)

Sex
[]
ratio

34,539,582

240,928

828

93,022.8

2146

908

55,777,647

41,100,980

307,713

365

118,808.7

815

925

8.58%

74,316,709

8,681,800

94,163

1,102

36,356.5

2,855

916

91,347,736

7.55%

57,748,946

22,427,251

88,752

1,030

34,267.3

2,666

947

Andhra Pradesh

84,665,533

7.00%

55,401,067

20,808,940

275,045

308

106,195.5

797

992

Madhya Pradesh

72,597,565

6.00%

44,380,878

15,967,145

308,245

236

119,014.1

610

930

Tamil Nadu

72,138,958

5.96%

34,921,681

27,483,998

130,058

555

50,215.7

1,437

995

Rajasthan

68,621,012

5.67%

43,292,813

13,214,375

342,239

201

132,139.2

519

926

Karnataka

61,130,704

5.05%

34,889,033

17,961,529

191,791

319

74,050.9

826

968

10

Gujarat

60,383,628

4.99%

31,740,767

18,930,250

196,024

308

75,685.3

798

918

11

Odisha

41,947,358

3.47%

31,287,422

5,517,238

155,707

269

60,118.8

698

978

12

Kerala

33,387,677

2.76%

23,574,449

8,266,925

38,863

859

15,005.1

2,225

1,084

13

Jharkhand

32,966,238

2.72%

20,952,088

5,993,741

79,714

414

30,777.7

1071

947

14

Assam

31,169,272

2.58%

23,216,288

3,439,240

78,438

397

30,285.1

1029

954

15

Punjab

27,704,236

2.29%

16,096,488

8,262,511

50,362

550

19,444.9

1,425

893

16

Chhattisgarh

25,540,196

2.11%

16,648,056

4,185,747

135,191

189

52,197.5

489

991

Demographics of India

17

Haryana

25,353,081

2.09%

15,029,260

6,115,304

44,212

573

17,070.3

1,485

877

18

Jammu and
Kashmir

12,548,926

1.04%

7,627,062

2,516,638

222,236

56

85,805.8

146

883

19

Uttarakhand

10,116,752

0.84%

6,310,275

2,179,074

53,483

189

20,649.9

490

963

20

Himachal Pradesh

6,856,509

0.57%

5,482,319

595,581

55,673

123

21,495.5

319

974

21

Tripura

3,671,032

0.30%

2,653,453

545,750

10,486

350

4,048.7

907

921

22

Meghalaya

2,964,007

0.24%

1,864,711

454,111

22,429

132

8,659.9

342

986

23

Manipur

2,721,756

0.22%

1,590,820

575,968

22,327

122

8,620.5

316

987

24

Nagaland

1,980,602

0.16%

1,647,249

342,787

16,579

119

6,401.2

309

931

25

Goa

1,457,723

0.12%

677,091

670,577

3,702

394

1,429.4

1020

968

26

Arunachal Pradesh

1,382,611

0.11%

870,087

227,881

83,743

17

32,333.4

43

920

27

Mizoram

1,091,014

0.09%

447,567

441,006

21,081

52

8,139.4

134

975

28

Sikkim

607,688

0.05%

480,981

59,870

7,096

86

2,739.8

222

889

UT1

Delhi

16,753,235

1.38%

944,727

12,905,780

11,297

9,340

572.6

29,258

866

UT2

Puducherry

1,244,464

0.10%

325,726

648,619

479

2,598

184.9

6,730

1,038

UT3

Chandigarh

1,054,686

0.09%

92,120

808,515

114

9,252

44.0

23,970

818

UT4

Andaman and
Nicobar Islands

379,944

0.03%

239,954

116,198

8,249

46

3,185.0

119

878

UT5

Dadra and Nagar


Haveli

342,853

0.03%

170,027

50,463

491

698

189.6

1,808

775

UT6

Daman and Diu

242,911

0.02%

100,856

57,348

112

2,169

43.2

5,623

618

UT7

Lakshadweep

64,429

0.01%

33,683

26,967

32

2,013

12.4

5,196

946

382 1,269,210.5

954

940

Total India

1,210,193,422 100.00% 833,087,662 377,105,760 3,287,240

States in India
Rank

India/State/UT

No. of districts in 2001 No. of Districts in 2011 No. of Districts without any geographical cha

01

Uttar Pradesh

71

71

02

Madhya Pradesh

45

50

36

03

Bihar

37

38

34

04

Maharashtra

35

35

31

05

Rajasthan

32

33

18

06

Tamil Nadu

30

32

25

07

Karnataka

27

30

24

08

Odisha

30

30

26

09

Assam

23

27

15

10

Gujarat

25

26

20

11

Jharkhand

18

24

12

Andhra Pradesh

23

23

23

13

Jammu and Kashmir

14

22

Demographics of India

14

Haryana

19

21

17

15

Punjab

17

20

16

West Bengal

18

19

17

17

Chhattisgarh

16

27

18

Kerala

14

14

14

19

Arunachal Pradesh

13

16

10

20

Uttarakhand

13

13

11

21

Himachal Pradesh

12

12

12

22

Nagaland

11

23

Delhi

24

Manipur

25

Mizoram

26

Meghalaya

27

Sikkim

28

Tripura

29

Puducherry

30

Andaman and Nicobar Islands 2

31

Goa

32

Daman and Diu

33

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

34

Chandigarh

35

Lakshadweep

INDIA

593

640

464

[]

Religious demographics
Religions of India[13][14][15]
Religion
All religions

Population

Percent

1,028,610,328 100.00%

Hindus

827,578,868

80.5%

Muslims

138,188,240

13.4%

Christians

24,080,016

2.3%

Sikhs

19,215,730

1.9%

Buddhists

7,955,207

0.8%

Jains

4,225,053

0.4%

Bah's

1 953 112

0.18%

Others

4,686,588

0.32%

Religion not stated 727,588

0.1%

Demographics of India

The table below summarizes India's demographics (excluding Mao-Maram, Paomata and Purul subdivisions of
Senapati District of Manipur state due to cancellation of census results) according to religion per 2001 census in
percent. The data is "unadjusted" (without excluding Assam and Jammu and Kashmir); The 1981 census was not
conducted in Assam and the 1991 census was not conducted in Jammu and Kashmir.

Table 2: Census information for 2001


[]
[]
[]
[]
[]
[]
[]
Hindus Muslims Christians Sikhs Buddhist Jains Others1

Composition
% total of population 2001

80.5%

13.4%

2.3%

1.9%

0.8%

0.4%

0.6%

20.3%

29.5%

22.6%

18.2%

24.5%

26.0%

103.1%

935

940

1009

895

955

940

1000

60.0%

90.3%

70.4%

73.0%

95.0%

50.0%

40.4

31.3

39.7

37.7

40.6

32.9

48.4

[]

944

953

1001

895

958

937

995

Urban sex ratio

[]

922

907

1026

886

944

941

966

Child sex ratio (06 yrs)

925

950

964

786

942

870

976

10-Yr Growth % (est '91'01)

[]

No. of females/1000 males. (avg. = 944)

[16] 75.5%

Literacy rate (71.7% for Age 7 and above)


Work Participation Rate
Rural sex ratio

^1 including Bah's, Jews, and Parsis. Tribal Animists (and non religious) are included after 1926 (1931 census
onwards)

Neonatal and infant demographics


The table below presents the infant mortality rate trends in India, by gender, in last 15 years. In urban areas of India,
average male infant mortality rates are slightly higher than female infant mortality rates.

Infant mortality demographic trends of India per 1000 births


Year Infant (0-1 year), Male Infant (0-1 year), Female Reference
1998 70

74

[17]

2005 56

58

[18]

2009 49

52

[19]

Some activists believe India's 2011 census shows a serious decline in the number of girls under the age of seven activists fear eight million female foetuses may have been aborted between 2001 and 2011.[20] These claims are
controversial. Scientists who study human sex ratios and demographic trends suggest that birth sex ratio between
1.08 to 1.12 can be because of natural factors, such as the age of mother at baby's birth, age of father at baby's birth,
number of babies per couple, economic stress, endocrinological factors, etc.[] The 2011 census birth sex ratio in
India, of 917 girls to 1000 boys, is similar to 870-930 girls to 1000 boys birth sex ratios observed in Japanese,
Chinese, Cuban, Filipino and Hawaiian ethnic groups in the United States between 1940 to 2005. They are also
similar to birth sex ratios below 900 girls to 1000 boys observed in mothers of different age groups and gestation
periods in the United States.[][21]

Demographics of India

Population within the age group of 0-6


State/UT Code

India/State/UT

Persons

Males

Females

01

Jammu and Kashmir

2,008,642

1,080,662

434554

02

Himachal Pradesh

763,864

400,681

363,183

03

Punjab

2,941,570

1,593,262

1,348,308

04

Chandigarh

117,953

63,187

54,766

05

Uttarakhand

1,328,844

704,769

624,075

06

Haryana

3,297,724

1,802,047

1,495,677

07

Delhi

1,970,510

1,055,735

914,775

08

Rajasthan

10,504,916

5,580,212

4,924,704

09

Uttar Pradesh

29,728,235

15,653,175 14,075,060

10

Bihar

18,582,229

9,615,280

8,966,949

11

Sikkim

61,077

31,418

29,659

12

Arunachal Pradesh

202,759

103,430

99,329

13

Nagaland

285,981

147,111

138,870

14

Manipur

353,237

182,684

170,553

15

Mizoram

165,536

83,965

81,571

16

Tripura

444,055

227,354

216,701

17

Meghalaya

555,822

282,189

273,633

18

Assam

4,511,307

2,305,088

2,206,219

19

West Bengal

10,112,599

5,187,264

4,925,335

20

Jharkhand

5,237,582

2,695,921

2,541,661

21

Odisha

5,035,650

2,603,208

2,432,442

22

Chhattisgarh

3,584,028

1,824,987

1,759,041

23

Madhya Pradesh

10,548,295

5,516,957

5,031,338

24

Gujarat

7,494,176

3,974,286

3,519,890

25

Daman and Diu

25,880

13,556

12,324

26

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

49,196

25,575

23,621

27

Maharashtra

12,848,375

6,822,262

6,026,113

28

Andhra Pradesh

8,642,686

4,448,330

4,194,356

29

Karnataka

6,855,801

3,527,844

3,327,957

30

Goa

139,495

72,669

66,826

31

Lakshadweep

7,088

3,715

3,373

32

Kerala

3,322,247

1,695,935

1,626,312

33

Tamil Nadu

6,894,821

3,542,351

3,352,470

34

Puducherry

127,610

64,932

62,678

35

Andaman and Nicobar Islands 39,497

20,094

19,403

INDIA

158,789,287 82,952,135 75,837,152

Demographics of India

[]

Population above the age of 7


State/UT Code

India/State/UT

Persons

Males

Females

01

Jammu and Kashmir

10,540,284

5,584,889

4,955,385

02

Himachal Pradesh

6,092,645

3,073,211

3,019,434

03

Punjab

24,762,666

13,041,557

11,721,109

04

Chandigarh

936,733

517,095

419,638

05

Uttarakhand

8,787,908

4,449,409

4,338,499

06

Haryana

22,055,357

11,703,083

10,352,274

07

Delhi

14,782,725

7,920,675

6,862,050

08

Rajasthan

58,116,096

30,039,874

28,076,222

09

Uttar Pradesh

169,853,242

88,943,240

80,910,002

10

Bihar

85,222,408

44,570,067

40,652,341

11

Sikkim

546,611

290,243

256,368

12

Arunachal Pradesh

1,179,852

616,802

563,050

13

Nagaland

1,694,621

878,596

816,025

14

Manipur

2,368,519

1,187,080

1,181,439

15

Mizoram

925,478

468,374

457,104

16

Tripura

3,226,977

1,644,513

1,582,464

17

Meghalaya

2,408,185

1,210,479

1,197,706

18

Assam

26,657,965

13,649,839

13,008,126

19

West Bengal

81,235,137

41,740,125

39,495,012

20

Jharkhand

27,728,656

14,235,767

13,492,889

21

Odisha

36,911,708

18,598,470

18,313,238

22

Chhattisgarh

21,956,168

11,002,928

10,953,240

23

Madhya Pradesh

62,049,270

32,095,963

29,953,307

24

Gujarat

52,889,452

27,507,996

25,381,456

25

Daman and Diu

217,031

136,544

80,487

26

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

293,657

167,603

126,054

27

Maharashtra

99,524,597

51,539,135

47,985,462

28

Andhra Pradesh

76,022,847

38,061,551

37,961,296

29

Karnataka

54,274,903

27,529,898

26,745,005

30

Goa

1,318,228

668,042

650,186

31

Lakshadweep

57,341

29,391

27,950

32

Kerala

30,065,430

14,325,355

15,740,075

33

Tamil Nadu

65,244,137

32,616,520

32,627,617

34

Puducherry

1,116,854

545,553

571,301

35

Andaman and Nicobar Islands 340,447

182,236

158,211

Demographics of India

9
INDIA

1,051,404,135 540,772,113 510,632,022

[]

Literacy rate in India


State/UT Code

India/State/UT

Literate Persons (%) Males (%) Females (%)

01

Jammu and Kashmir

68.74

78.26

58.01

02

Himachal Pradesh

83.78

90.83

76.60

03

Punjab

76.68

81.48

71.34

04

Chandigarh

86.43

90.54

81.38

05

Uttarakhand

79.63

88.33

70.70

06

Haryana

76.64

85.38

66.77

07

Delhi

86.34

91.03

80.93

08

Rajasthan

67.06

80.51

52.66

09

Uttar Pradesh

69.72

79.24

59.26

10

Bihar

63.82

73.39

53.33

11

Sikkim

82.20

87.29

76.43

12

Arunachal Pradesh

66.95

73.69

59.57

13

Nagaland

80.11

83.29

76.69

14

Manipur

79.85

86.49

73.17

15

Mizoram

91.58

93.72

89.40

16

Tripura

87.75

92.18

83.15

17

Meghalaya

75.48

77.17

73.78

18

Assam

73.18

78.81

67.27

19

West Bengal

77.08

82.67

71.16

20

Jharkhand

67.63

78.45

56.21

21

Odisha

73.45

82.40

64.36

22

Chhattisgarh

71.04

81.45

60.59

23

Madhya Pradesh

70.63

80.53

60.02

24

Gujarat

79.31

87.23

70.73

25

Daman and Diu

87.07

91.48

79.59

26

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

77.65

86.46

65.93

27

Maharashtra

82.91

89.82

75.48

28

Andhra Pradesh

67.66

75.56

59.74

29

Karnataka

75.60

82.85

68.13

30

Goa

87.40

92.81

81.84

31

Lakshadweep

92.28

96.11

88.25

32

Kerala

93.91

96.02

91.98

33

Tamil Nadu

80.33

86.81

73.86

34

Puducherry

86.55

92.12

81.22

Demographics of India

10
35

Andaman and Nicobar Islands 86.27

90.11

81.84

INDIA

82.14

65.46

74.04

[]

Linguistic demographics
43% of the Hindus speak Hindi while the rest speak Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi,
Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and other languages. Almost 45% of the Muslims speak Urdu while the rest speak Assamese,
Bengali, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu and other languages. About one-third of the Christians speak
Malayalam, one-sixth speak Tamil while the rest speak a variety of languages. In total, there are 1,652 languages and
dialects spoken in India.[]
The table immediately below excludes Mao-Maram, Paomata and Purul subdivisions of Senapati District of Manipur
state due to cancellation of census results.

Languages of India by number of native speakers as per the 2001 census[22]


Rank

Language

Speakers

Percentage

[23] 422,048,642 41.03%


Hindi dialects

Bengali

83,369,769

8.11%

Telugu

74,002,856

7.19%

Marathi

71,936,894

6.99%

Tamil

60,793,814

5.91%

Urdu

51,536,111

5.01%

Gujarati

46,091,617

4.48%

Kannada

37,924,011

3.69%

Malayalam

33,066,392

3.21%

10

Oriya

33,017,446

3.21%

11

Punjabi

29,102,477

2.83%

12

Assamese

13,168,484

1.28%

13

Maithili

12,179,122

1.18%

14

Bhili/Bhilodi

9,582,957

0.93%

15

Santali

6,469,600

0.63%

16

Kashmiri

5,527,698

0.54%

17

Nepali

2,871,749

0.28%

18

Gondi

2,713,790

0.26%

19

Sindhi

2,535,485

0.25%

20

Konkani

2,489,015

0.24%

21

Dogri

2,282,589

0.22%

22

Khandeshi

2,075,258

0.20%

23

Kurukh

1,751,489

0.17%

24

Tulu

1,722,768

0.17%

25

Meitei (Manipuri) 1,466,705*

0.14%

Demographics of India

11
26

Bodo

1,350,478

0.13%

27

Khasi - Garo

1,128,575

0.112%

28

Mundari

1,061,352

0.105%

29

Ho

1,042,724

0.103%

Vital statistics
UN estimates[24]
Period

Births per
year

Deaths per
year

Natural change
per year

CBR1

CDR1

NC1

TFR1

IMR1

19501955

16,832,000

9,928,000

6,904,000

43.3

25.5

17.7

5.90

165.0

19551960

17,981,000

9,686,000

8,295,000

42.1

22.7

19.4

5.90

153.1

19601965

19,086,000

9,358,000

9,728,000

40.4

19.8

20.6

5.82

140.1

19651970

20,611,000

9,057,000

11,554,000

39.2

17.2

22.0

5.69

128.5

19701975

22,022,000

8,821,000

13,201,000

37.5

15.0

22.5

5.26

118.0

19751980

24,003,000

8,584,000

15,419,000

36.3

13.0

23.3

4.89

106.4

19801985

25,577,000

8,763,000

16,814,000

34.5

11.8

22.7

4.47

95.0

19851990

26,935,000

9,073,000

17,862,000

32.5

10.9

21.5

4.11

85.1

19901995

27,566,000

9,400,000

18,166,000

30.0

10.2

19.8

3.72

76.4

19952000

27,443,000

9,458,000

17,985,000

27.2

9.4

17.8

3.31

68.9

20002005

27,158,000

9,545,000

17,614,000

24.8

8.7

16.1

2.96

60.7

20052010

27,271,000

9,757,000

17,514,000

23.1

8.3

14.8

2.73

52.9

CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of
children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births

Sample Registration System[25][26]


Average population
(x 1000)

Live
births1

Deaths1

Natural
change

Crude birth rate


(per 1000)

Crude death rate


(per 1000)

Natural change Total Fertility


(per 1000)
Rate

1981

716 493

24 289
000

8 956
000

15 333 000

33.9

12.5

21.4

1982

733 152

24 781
000

8 725
000

16 056 000

33.8

11.9

21.9

1983

750 034

25 276
000

8 925
000

16 351 000

33.7

11.9

21.8

1984

767 147

26 006
000

9 666
000

16 340 000

33.9

12.6

21.3

1985

784 491

25 810
000

9 257
000

16 553 000

32.9

11.8

21.1

1986

802 052

26 147
000

8 903
000

17 244 000

32.6

11.1

21.5

Demographics of India

12

1987

819 800

26 316
000

8 936
000

17 380 000

32.1

10.9

21.2

1988

837 700

26 388
000

9 215
000

17 173 000

31.5

11.0

20.5

1989

855 707

26 185
000

8 814
000

17 371 000

30.6

10.3

20.3

1990

873 785

26 388
000

8 476
000

17 912 000

30.2

9.7

20.5

1991

891 910

26 133
000

8 741
000

17 392 000

29.3

9.8

19.5

1992

910 065

26 392
000

9 192
000

17 200 000

29.0

10.1

18.9

1993

928 226

26 640
000

8 633
000

18 007 000

28.7

9.3

19.4

1994

946 373

27 161
000

8 801
000

18 360 000

28.7

9.3

19.4

1995

964 486

27 295
000

8 680
000

18 615 000

28.3

9.0

19.3

1996

982 553

26 824
000

8 745
000

18 079 000

27.3

8.9

18.4

1997

1 000 558

27 215
000

8 905
000

18 310 000

27.2

8.9

18.3

1998

1 018 471

26 989
000

9 166
000

17 823 000

26.5

9.0

17.5

1999

1 036 259

26 943
000

9 015
000

17 928 000

26.0

8.7

17.3

2000

1 053 898

27 191
000

8 958
000

18 233 000

25.8

8.5

17.3

2001

1 071 374

27 213
000

9 000
000

18 213 000

25.4

8.4

17.0

2002

1 088 694

27 217
000

8 818
000

18 399 000

25.0

8.1

16.9

2003

1 105 886

27 426
000

8 847
000

18 579 000

24.8

8.0

16.8

2004

1 122 991

27 064
000

8 422
000

18 642 000

24.1

7.5

16.6

2005

1 140 043

27 133
000

8 664
000

18 469 000

23.8

7.6

16.2

2006

1 157 039

27 190
000

8 678
000

18 512 000

23.5

7.5

16.0

2007

1 173 972

27 119
000

8 687
000

18 432 000

23.1

7.4

15.7

2008

1 190 864

27 152
000

8 812
000

18 340 000

22.8

7.4

15.4

2009

1 207 740

27 174
000

8 817
000

18 357 000

22.5

7.3

15.2

3.2

Demographics of India

2010

13

1 224 614

27 064
000

8 817
000

18 247 000

22.1

7.2

14.9

2.5

The numbers of births and deaths were calculated from the birth and death rates and the average population

Regional vital Statistics


The below table gives the vital
statistics (Births, Deaths, IMR and
NGR) for the year 2010, according to
the Registrar Gen., India.[28]

[27]

Chart showing the Total Fertility Rate of Indian states (SRS survey 1996-98)

State

Birth
Rate

BR
Rural

BR
Urban

Death
Rate

DR
Rural

Andhra Pradesh

17.9

18.3

16.7

7.6

Assam

23.2

24.4

15.8

Arunachal Pradesh

28.1

28.8

Chhattisgarh

25.3

Delhi

DR
Urban

NGR

NGR
Rural

NGR IMR
Urban

8.6

5.4 1.02%

0.97%

1.13%

46

8.2

8.6

5.8 1.49%

1.58%

1.01%

58

22.0

6.8

7.0

5.6 2.13%

2.18%

1.64%

48

26.8

18.6

8.0

8.4

6.2 1.73%

1.84%

1.24%

51

17.8

19.7

17.5

4.2

4.6

4.1 1.36%

1.50%

1.34%

30

Gujarat

21.8

23.3

19.4

6.7

7.5

5.5 1.51%

1.58%

1.40%

44

Haryana

22.3

23.3

19.8

6.6

7.0

5.6 1.57%

1.63%

1.43%

48

Jammu and Kashmir

18.3

19.5

13.5

5.7

5.9

4.7 1.26%

1.36%

0.88%

43

Jharkhand

25.3

26.7

19.3

7.0

7.4

5.4 1.83%

1.93%

1.39%

42

Karnataka

19.2

20.2

17.5

7.1

8.1

5.4 1.21%

1.21%

1.21%

38

Kerala

14.8

14.8

14.8

7.0

7.1

6.7 0.78%

0.77%

0.81%

13

Madhya Pradesh

27.3

29.2

20.5

8.3

9.0

6.0 1.89%

2.02%

1.45%

62

Maharashtra

17.1

17.6

16.4

6.5

7.5

5.3 1.06%

1.02%

1.11%

28

Odisha

20.5

21.4

15.2

8.6

9.0

6.6 1.19%

1.24%

0.86%

61

Punjab

16.6

17.2

15.6

7.0

7.7

5.8 0.96%

0.95%

0.98%

34

Rajasthan

26.7

27.9

22.9

6.7

6.9

6.0 2.00%

2.09%

1.69%

55

Tamil Nadu

15.9

16.0

15.8

7.6

8.2

6.9 0.83%

0.78%

0.89%

24

Uttar Pradesh

28.3

29.2

24.2

8.1

8.5

6.3 2.02%

2.07%

1.79%

61

West Bengal

16.8

18.6

11.9

6.0

6.0

6.3 1.07%

1.26%

0.56%

31

Bihar

20.5

22.1

14.6

5.9

6.9

2.3 1.46%

1.52%

1.23%

31

Goa

13.2

12.6

13.7

6.6

8.1

5.7 0.66%

0.45%

0.80%

10

Himachal Pradesh

16.9

17.5

11.5

6.9

7.2

4.2 1.00%

1.03%

0.73%

40

Demographics of India

14

Manipur

14.9

14.8

15.3

4.2

4.3

4.0 1.07%

1.05%

1.13%

14

Meghalaya

24.5

26.6

14.8

7.9

8.4

5.6 1.66%

1.82%

0.92%

55

Mizoram

17.1

21.1

13.0

4.5

5.4

3.7 1.25%

1.57%

0.93%

37

Nagaland

16.8

17.0

16.0

3.6

3.7

3.3 1.32%

1.33%

1.27%

23

Sikkim

17.8

18.1

16.1

5.6

5.9

3.8 1.23%

1.23%

1.23%

30

Tripura

14.9

15.6

11.5

5.0

4.8

5.7 0.99%

1.08%

0.58%

27

Uttarakhand

19.3

20.2

16.2

6.3

6.7

5.1 1.30%

1.35%

1.11%

38

Andaman and Nicobar


Islands

15.6

15.5

15.8

4.3

4.8

3.3 1.13%

1.07%

1.26%

25

Chandigarh

15.6

21.6

15.0

3.9

3.7

3.9 1.16%

1.79%

1.10%

22

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

26.6

26.0

28.6

4.7

5.1

3.3 2.19%

2.09%

2.53%

38

Daman and Diu

18.8

19.1

18.3

4.9

4.9

4.8 1.39%

1.42%

1.36%

23

Lakshadweep

14.3

15.5

13.2

6.4

6.1

6.7 0.80%

0.95%

0.65%

25

Puducherry

16.7

16.7

16.7

7.4

8.2

7.0 0.93%

0.85%

0.96%

22

Demographics of India

15

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics


The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.
Total population
1,166,079,217 (July 2009 est. CIA)[29] 1,028.7 million (2001 Census final figures, 1 March enumeration and
estimated 124,000 in areas of Manipur that could not be covered in the enumeration)
Rural Population
72.2%, male: 381,668,992, female:
360,948,755 (2001 Census)
Age structure
014
years:
30.8%,
male:
188,208,196, female: 171,356,024
1564
years:
64.3%,
male:
386,432,921, female: 364,215,759
65+ years: 4.9%, male: 27,258,259,
female: 30,031,289 (2007 est.)
Median age
25.1 years
Population growth rate
1.548% (2009 est.)

Map showing the population density of each district in India.

Demographics of India

16

Literacy rate
71.7% (Age 7 and above, as of 2001)
[16]

81.4% (Total population, Age 15-25,


as of 2006) [30]
Percent of the population under the
poverty line
22% (2006 est.)
Unemployment Rate
7.8%
Net migration rate
0.05 migrant(s)/1,000
(2007 est.)

population

Sex ratio
at birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
under 10 years: 1.14 male(s)/female
1524 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
2464 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65
years
and
over:
0.908
male(s)/female
total population: 1.08 male(s)/female
(2011 est.)

Map showing the literacy rate of each district in India.

Life expectancy at birth


total population: 69.89 years
male: 67.46 years
female: 72.61 years (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.72 children born/woman (2009 est.), although more up to date statistics indicate that India's TFR was 2.6 in 2008
[31]
The TFR (Total number of children born per women) according to Religion in 2001 was :
Hindus 2.0 Muslims 2.4 Sikhs 2.1 Christians 2.1 Buddhists 2.1 Jains 1.4 Animists and Others
2.99 Tribals 3.16 Scheduled Castes 2.89[citation needed]
Religions
Hindu 80.5% Muslim 13.4% Christian 2.3% Sikh 1.8% Buddhists 0.8% Jains 0.4% others 0.7% unspecified 0.1%
(2001 Census) [32][33][34][35]
Scheduled Castes and Tribes
Scheduled Castes: 16.2% (2001 Census) Scheduled Tribes: 8.2% (2001 Census)
Languages: See Languages of India and List of Indian languages by total speakers. There are 216 languages with
more than 10,000 native speakers in India. The largest of these is Hindi with some 337 million (the second largest
being Bengali with some 207 million). 22 languages are recognized as official languages. In India, there are 1,652
languages and dialects in total.[][36]

Demographics of India

17

Population projections
India is projected to overtake China as the world's most populous nation by 2030. India's population growth has
raised concerns that it would lead to widespread unemployment and political instability.[37][38] Note that these
projections make assumptions about future fertility and death rates which may not turn out to be correct in the event.
Source:[39]

2020: 1,326,093,000
2030: 1,460,743,000
2040: 1,571,715,000
2050: 1,656,554,000

2020 Estimate
Source:[40]
Year Under 15 1564 65+ Total
2000 361

604

45

1010

2005 368

673

51

1093

2010 370

747

58

1175

2015 372

819

65

1256

2020 373

882

76

1331

Ethnic groups
The national Census of India does not recognize racial or ethnic groups within India,[41] but recognizes many of the
tribal groups as Scheduled Castes and Tribes (see list of Scheduled Tribes in India). Nevertheless, modern
anthropologists classify Indians as belonging to one of four major ethno-racial groups, which significantly overlap
because of racial admixture between populations: Caucasoids, Australoids, Mongoloids and Negritos. The
Caucasoids are found in the north, central and south-western regions of India and generally speak Indo-Aryan
languages; Australoids are found in the south and generally speak Dravidian languages; Mongoloids are largely
confined to the Northeastern region of the country and for the most part, speak Tibeto-Burman languages; and
Negritos are found on the Andaman Islands located on the southeastern side of the country. These speak a language
known simply as Great Andamanese, a linguistic isolate not related to any known language. And finally,
Austroasiatic languages are spoken by only tribals or Adivasis, who can be of either Australoid or Mongoloid racial
stock.[42]
According to a 2009 study published by Reich et al., the modern Indian population is composed of two genetically
divergent and heterogeneous populations which mixed in ancient times (about 1,200-3,500 BC), known as Ancestral
North Indians (ANI) and Ancestral South Indians (ASI). ASI corresponds to the Dravidian-speaking population of
southern India, whereas ANI corresponds to the Indo-Aryan-speaking population of northern India.[43][44] This
demonstrates that there is a genetic basis to ethno-linguistic labels such as "Indo-Aryan" and "Dravidian".
For a list of ethnic groups in the Republic of India (as well as neighboring countries) see ethnic groups of the Indian
subcontinent or the tree diagram above.

Demographics of India

Genetics
Y-chromosome DNA
[45]

Y-Chromosome DNA Y-DNA represents the male lineage, The Indian Y-chromosome pool may be summarized as
follows where haplogroups R-M420, H, R2, L and NOP comprise generally more than 80% of the total
chromosomes.[46]

H ~ 30%
R1a ~ 20%
R2 ~ 15%
L ~ 10%
NOP ~ 10% (Excluding R)
Other Haplogroups 15%

Mitochondrial DNA
[47]

Mitochondrial DNA mtDNA represents the female lineage. The Indian mitochondrial DNA is primarily made up of
Haplogroup M[48]
Haplogroup M ~ 60%
Haplogroup UK ~ 15%
Haplogroup N ~ 25% (Excluding UK)

Autosomal DNA
Numerous genomic studies have been conducted in the last 15 years to seek insights into India's demographic and
cultural diversity. These studies paint a complex and conflicting picture.
In a 2003 study, Basu, Majumder et al. have concluded on the basis of results obtained from mtDNA,
Y-chromosome and autosomal markers that "(1) there is an underlying unity of female lineages in India,
indicating that the initial number of female settlers may have been small; (2) the tribal and the caste populations
are highly differentiated; (3) the Austroasiatic tribals are the earliest settlers in India, providing support to one
anthropological hypothesis while refuting some others; (4) a major wave of humans entered India through the
northeast; (5) the Tibeto-Burman tribals share considerable genetic commonalities with the Austroasiatic tribals,
supporting the hypothesis that they may have shared a common habitat in southern China, but the two groups of
tribals can be differentiated on the basis of Y-chromosomal haplotypes; (6) the Dravidian tribals were possibly
widespread throughout India before the arrival of the Indo-European-speaking nomads, but retreated to southern
India to avoid dominance; (7) formation of populations by fission that resulted in founder and drift effects have
left their imprints on the genetic structures of contemporary populations; (8) the upper castes show closer genetic
affinities with Central Asian populations, although those of southern India are more distant than those of northern
India; (9) historical gene flow into India has contributed to a considerable obliteration of genetic histories of
contemporary populations so that there is at present no clear congruence of genetic and geographical or
sociocultural affinities."[49]
In a later 2010 review article, Majumder affirms some of these conclusions, introduces and revises some other.
The on-going studies, concludes Majumder, suggest India has served as the major early corridor for geographical
dispersal of modern humans from out-of-Africa. The archaeological and genetic traces of the earliest settlers in
India has not provided any conclusive evidence. The tribal populations of India are older than the non-tribal
populations. The autosomal differentiation and genetic diversity within India's caste populations at 0.04 is

18

Demographics of India
significantly lower than 0.14 for continental populations and 0.09 for 31 world population sets studied by Watkins
et al., suggesting that while tribal populations were differentiated, the differentiation effects within India's caste
population was less than previously thought. Majumder also concludes that recent studies suggest India has been
a major contributor to the gene pool of southeast Asia.[][]
Another study covering a large sample of Indian populations allowed Watkins et al. to examine eight Indian caste
groups and four endogamous south Indian tribal populations. The Indian castes data show low between-group
differences, while the tribal Indian groups show relatively high between-group differentiation. This suggests that
people between Indian castes were not reproductively isolated, while Indian tribal populations experienced
reproductive isolation and drift. Furthermore, the genetic fixation index data shows historical genetic
differentiation and segregation between Indian castes population is much smaller than those found in east Asia,
Africa and other continental populations; while being similar to the genetic differentiation and segregation
observed in European populations.[]
In 2006, Sahoo et al. reported their analysis of genomic data on 936 Y-chromosomes representing 32 tribal and 45
caste groups from different regions of India. These scientists find that the haplogroup frequency distribution
across the country, between different caste groups, was found to be predominantly driven by geographical, rather
than cultural determinants. They conclude there is clear evidence for both large-scale immigration into ancient
India of Tibeto-Burman speakers and language change of former Austroasiatic speakers, in the northeast Indian
region.[50]
The genome studies through 2010 have been on relatively small population sets. Many are from just one
southeastern state of Andhra Pradesh. Any conclusions on demographic history of India must therefore be
interpreted with caution. A larger national genome study with demographic growth and sex ratio balances may
offer further insights on the extent of genetic differentiation and segregation in India over the millenniums.[]

Sexuality
Homosexuality in India
Prostitution in India
Sexual exploitation of boys November 2008- Children interviewed said the abusers were foreign and domestic
tourists, as well as local residents.The study was carried out in the temple towns of Puri in Odisha, Thirupathi in
Andhra Pradesh and Guruvayoor in Kerala. The report says the abuse starts at about age six and by the time the boys
turn nine they get drawn into full-time prostitution.[51]
May 2011- One of more than 90 children rescued from a shelter in the Indian town of Rohtak has filed a complaint
saying she was forced into prostitution.[52]

Notes
[1] <
[7] India, a Country Study (http:/ / lcweb2. loc. gov/ frd/ cs/ profiles/ India. pdf) United States Library of Congress, Note on Ethnic groups
[8] Rural-Urban distribution (http:/ / www. censusindia. gov. in/ Census_Data_2001/ India_at_glance/ rural. aspx) Census of India: Census Data
2001: India at a glance >> Rural-Urban Distribution. Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved on
2008-11-26.
[9] Number of Villages (http:/ / www. censusindia. gov. in/ Census_Data_2001/ Census_data_finder/ A_Series/ Number_of_Village. htm)
Census of India: Number of Villages Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved on 2008-11-26.
[10] Urban Agglomerations and Towns (http:/ / www. censusindia. gov. in/ Census_Data_2001/ Census_data_finder/ A_Series/
Urban_agglomerations. htm) Census of India: Urban Agglomerations and Towns. Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner,
India. Retrieved on 2008-11-26.
[13] Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi-110011 2011, p.1.
[14] Excludes figures of Paomata, Mao Maram and Purul sub-districts of Senapati district of Manipur state
[15] The data are "unadjusted" (without excluding Assam and Jammu and Kashmir); the 1981 census was not conducted in Assam and the 1991
census was not conducted in Jammu and Kashmir.
[16] http:/ / mospi. gov. in/ press_note_NSS_%20Report_no_532_19may10. pdf

19

Demographics of India
[22] Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2000 (http:/ / www. censusindia. gov. in/ Census_Data_2001/
Census_Data_Online/ Language/ Statement1. htm), Census of India, 2001
[23] includes Western Hindi, Eastern Hindi, Bihari languages, Rajasthani languages and Pahari languages.
[24] World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision (http:/ / esa. un. org/ unpd/ wpp/ index. htm)
[25] United nations. Demographic Yearbooks (http:/ / unstats. un. org/ unsd/ demographic/ products/ dyb/ dyb2. htm#2001)
[26] Census of India. Vital statistics Sample Registration System (http:/ / www. censusindia. gov. in/ Vital_Statistics/ SRS_Bulletins/ Bulletins.
aspx)
[28] http:/ / www. censusindia. gov. in/ vital_statistics/ SRS_Bulletins/ SRS%20Bulletin_%20December%202011%20. pdf
[32] Religious Composition (http:/ / www. censusindia. gov. in/ Census_Data_2001/ India_at_glance/ religion. aspx) Census of India: Census
Data 2001: India at a glance >> Religious Composition. Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved on
2008-11-26.
[33] International Religious Freedom Report 2007 India (http:/ / www. state. gov/ g/ drl/ rls/ irf/ 2007/ 90228. htm) International Religious
Freedom Report 2007. U.S. Department of State.
[35] Bureau of South and Central [[Asia (http:/ / www. state. gov/ r/ pa/ ei/ bgn/ 3454. htm)]n Affairs Background Note: India]
[36] Rupert Goodwins. Smashing India's language barriers (http:/ / news. zdnet. co. uk/ software/ 0,1000000121,39268336,00. htm). ZDNet UK.
[40] Based on P.N. Mari Bhat, "Indian Demographic Scenario 2025", Institute of Economic Growth, New Delhi, Discussion Paper No. 27/2001.
[41] Kumar, Jayant. Census of India. 2001. 4 September 2006. Indian Census (http:/ / www. censusindia. gov. in/ )
[42] http:/ / www. imtech. res. in/ raghava/ reprints/ IGVdb. pdf
[43] http:/ / www. nature. com/ nature/ journal/ v461/ n7263/ abs/ nature08365. html
[44] http:/ / www. ichg2011. org/ cgi-bin/ showdetail. pl?absno=20758
[46] Hammer et al. 2005, S. Sahoo et al. 2006, R. Trivedi et al. 2007, Zhao et al. 2008
[47] http:/ / www. biomedcentral. com/ content/ pdf/ 1471-2148-5-26. pdf
[48]
[49]
[51]
[52]

Semino et al. 2000, Kivisild et al. 2003, Metspalu et al. 2004, Rajkumar et al. 2005, Chandrasekar et al. 2007, Gonzalez et al. 2007
http:/ / genome. cshlp. org/ content/ 13/ 10/ 2277. full
BBC (http:/ / news. bbc. co. uk/ 2/ hi/ south_asia/ 7738259. stm)
BBc (http:/ / www. bbc. co. uk/ news/ world-asia-india-18031530)

References
External links
Census of India (http://www.censusindia.gov.in/); government site with detailed data from 2001 census
Census of India map generator (http://www.censusindiamaps.net/); generates maps based on 2001 census
figures
Demographic data for India (http://www.demographie.net/demographicdata/); provides sources of
demographic data for India
2001 maps (http://www.demographie.net/atlas2001); provides maps of social, economic and demographic data
of India in 2001
Population of India 2011 map (http://populationindia.wordpress.com/2011/04/10/
population-of-india-2011-image/); distribution of population amongst states and union territories
India's Demographic Outlook: Implications and Trends (http://www.nbr.org/research/activity.aspx?id=195)
United Nations "World Population Prospects": Country Profile - India (http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/
country-profiles/pdf/356.pdf)

20

Article Sources and Contributors

Article Sources and Contributors


Demographics of India Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=550447395 Contributors: 336, A little insignificant, ABAPerv, ARYAN818, AWhiteC, Aaker, Abdul.125,
Abecedare, Abhay4u3, Abidghaffar, Acroterion, Adambro, Afghan Historian, Afghansoccerfreak1996, Ahivarn, Ahmed27, Ahoerstemeier, Aitias, Ajayr22, Alan Liefting, Alansohn, Alexsoddy,
Alfio66, Amitabh4ever, Amitsinha1964, Amrit i, Anandks007, AndreNatas, Aneeshwiki, Anetode, Angelo De La Paz, Anirvan, Anomalocaris, Anoop, Ant80, Antandrus, Anupam, Anwar saadat,
ApostleVonColorado, Arjun024, Arjuna316, Arnatgonna, Arvindn, AtticusX, AzertyFab, BD2412, Badagnani, Bakasuprman, Bangalore102, Basawala, Basilicofresco, Bawolff, Beland,
Belligero, Beno69, Bgwhite, Bikehorn, BilCat, Bill william compton, Bobo192, Bodhidharma7, Bogdan Nagachop, Bolivian Unicyclist, Bondego, Bugnot, CALR, CJLL Wright, CLW,
CUSENZA Mario, Cadenas2008, Calabraxthis, Callidior, Canjth, Capricorn42, CarTick, Carlsotr, Centralpowers1914, Cgtdk, Chicharitofan14, Chicheley, Chirag, Cholopaltai, ChrisHodgesUK,
Chunhin, Cometstyles, Commander Keane, Compfreak7, Conversion script, Curb Chain, DARTH SIDIOUS 2, DV manish, DanMS, Dark Tea, Dark Tichondrias, Dbachmann, DeadEyeArrow,
Debasishkoley, Deeptrivia, Denvermountains, DerHexer, Dertwev, Dgw, Discospinster, Domma, Dorfen, Dpitchai, DrJorin, Drawat123, Druid.raul, Dsz4, Duke Ganote, Durgeshsatyam, Durvasa,
Dwaipayanc, El C, Elockid, Entertriptrip, Epbr123, Epf, Eumeme, Everyone Dies In the End, Evil Monkey, EvocativeIntrigue, Ewlyahoocom, Excirial, Extra999, Feudonym, Finalnight, Firstorm,
Fleeman, Forumfinder, Fowler&fowler, Fraggle81, Fratrep, Fredarnold, Fundamental metric tensor, Futurist110, GDibyendu, GSMR, Gaia5074Q, Gaius Cornelius, Gamesmasterg9, Ganeshk,
Gary King, Gaurabr, Gauravjuvekar, Gflint, Glane23, Gnanapiti, Gnusbiz, GoShow, Gobonobo, Goethean, GrammarHammer 32, Green Giant, Gregtrueblood, Greice70, Groogle, Gveret Tered,
Gyeshi, Harharryhar, Haza-w, Hazhk, HeeferFan, Hemanshu, Henry Flower, Hibernian, Holy Ganga, Hongooi, Hottentot, Hppboston, Hu12, Huaiwei, Hut 8.5, Ice Cold Beer, Icykyogre, Iketsi,
Imaninjapirate, Imdeng, Imorthodox23, ImpuMozhi, Indian78653, IndianCow, IndianGeneralist, Indianhilbilly, Indologist, Innotata, Insanity Incarnate, Ivan tambuk, Ivirivi00, J04n, JForget,
JLaTondre, Jacauc, Jackfork, Jagged 85, Jamie C, Jauerback, Jauhienij, Jibran1, Jme56, Jonathan.s.kt, Jonkerz, Jonobennett, Jooler, Joseph Solis in Australia, Jpowell, K1, Ka Faraq Gatri,
Kayuki16, Kazey87, Kenyon, Khoikhoi, Khushwant singh best, Kickinpants, Kier07, Kintetsubuffalo, Kkm010, KnowledgeOfSelf, KoyaanisQatsi, Kumarsa, Kwamikagami, LFaraone,
LeilaniLad, Lele giannoni, Leszek Jaczuk, LiDaobing, Lihaas, Lilaac, Lohiyaistkrank, Looserates, LordSimonofShropshire, MER-C, MKar, Magister Mathematicae, Mannafredo, Manticore,
Marcus2, Martial75, Martin.Budden, Matt Oid, Matthewmayer, Maulucioni, MaxBech1975, Maximus Rex, Md.imran001, Mean as custard, Mediumvulture, Meeprophone, Meiskam, Mel
Vilander, Merope, Mightymights, Mike Rosoft, Mimihitam, MintCond, Mishraanurag2609, Misterconginialtastical, Mitul12345, MohammadAli97, MongolGurkha, Mono, Morning277, Mowgli,
Ms. 45, Munci, Mycologyauthor, N2e, Navaneeth nayak, Navhus, Navidazizi, NellieBly, Nichalp, Nickshanks, Nishrao, Nomi887, NotAnonymous0, NuclearWarfare, Ohconfucius, Oleg
Alexandrov, Oli Filth, Olivier, Omicronpersei8, Onorem, Ordinary Person, Otvis, Pakhomovru, Pamri, Patil sandip4u, Patstuart, Paul Raj, Philip Trueman, Piccolo Modificatore Laborioso,
Pionshivu, Planemad, Plasticup, Plinkit, Possum, Ppntori, Psubhashish, Pulsar06, QueenCake, QuickSauce, Qwertzy, Qxz, R'n'B, Radagast83, Rahman92a, Ranveig, Razaalizaidi, RebekahThorn,
RedWolf, Rettetast, Rhollenton, Riana, Rich Farmbrough, Ricky81682, Ripunjai8, Rjwilmsi, Rmetre, RockMFR, Rohi89, Rohit007i, Ronita saha, Rubikfreak, S3000, Sahiti05, Saimdusan,
Samastigan, Sannse, Sarangsaras, Saravask, SashaJohn, Saurabhcompaq, Sauravloharuka, Scarykitty, Schiefenhvel, SeNeKa, Servusservorum, Sfacets, Shacs, Shagmaestro, ShaliniCat, SimonP,
Sir Nicholas de Mimsy-Porpington, Sitush, SivaKumar, Sixtytwohundred, Sj, Skinsmoke, Smallman12q, SpacemanSpiff, Splash, Stephen G. Brown, Stevenmitchell, Subravenkat, Sue Rangell,
Suffusion of Yellow, Sundar, TShilo12, Tarun mor50002, TastyCakes, Terrace4, Terry Longbaugh, Tfqhmd, The Banner, The Behnam, The Lake Effect, The Rambling Man, The Thing That
Should Not Be, The Transhumanist, Theabsolutem, Thehelpfulone, Thinking of England, Thizizmeya, Tiddly Tom, TimBentley, Tom Radulovich, Tpbradbury, Trafford09, Tripping Nambiar,
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Venu62, Venustas 12, Vijaya prakash, Vikramkr, Virgule82, Vyassdesai, Washingtonm, Watti Renew, Wavelength, Wazeeripakpassion, WikHead, Wiki Roxor, Woohookitty, Wtmitchell,
Ybhavd, Yogesh ny, Youssefsan, Zer0158, Zuggernaut, 906 anonymous edits

Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors


Image:India-demography.png Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:India-demography.png License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Contributors: Demmo,
Gauravjuvekar, Roland zh, Valrie75, 1 anonymous edits
File:IndiaIBRdata.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:IndiaIBRdata.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors:
User:ApostleVonColorado
File:IndiaIMRates.jpg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:IndiaIMRates.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Contributors:
User:ApostleVonColorado
File:TFR-India-SRS-96-98.png Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:TFR-India-SRS-96-98.png License: Public Domain Contributors: Pionshivu, 1 anonymous edits
File:India population density map en.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:India_population_density_map_en.svg License: unknown Contributors: Grenavitar,
Indianhilbilly, Planemad, Quibik, Timeshifter
Image:India literacy rate map en.svg Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:India_literacy_rate_map_en.svg License: unknown Contributors: BurritoBazooka, Planemad,
Roland zh

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