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Baker Hughes - Centrilift

Copyright 2006

Manual P/N 902272


Version 1.4
November 2006

The features and functions illustrated in this manual require that the
Centinel system contains the listed versions of firmware.
Please contact Centrilift for a system firmware update if necessary.

System Firmware Revisions required:


Graphic Display Unit: 6.00 or higher
Centinel Interface Module: 2.20 or higher
GCS System Control Software (For integrated configuration): 8.04 or higher

ii

Table of Contents
SAFETY RECOMMENDATION .............................................. 1
SAFETY DURING INSTALLATION ................................. 1
INTRODUCTION ..................................................................... 2
GENERAL DESCRIPTION...................................................... 2
ARCHITECTURE ............................................................. 2
FEATURES ...................................................................... 3
OPTIONS ......................................................................... 3
INSTALLATION ....................................................................... 4
INITIAL CHECKS ............................................................. 4
POWER WIRING ............................................................. 4
CUSTOMER INTERFACE WIRING................................. 5
ONBOARD DIGITAL OUTPUTS...................................... 5
ONBOARD ANALOG OUTPUTS (To Sensor)................. 5
GCS EXPANSION I/O MODULE (Optional) .................... 5
BASIC OPERATION ........................................................ 7
COMMISSIONING ............................................................ 8
SURFACE INDUCTOR INSTALLATION ................................ 9
SENSOR INSTALLATION..................................................... 10
Y-CONNECTION/I-WIRE............................................... 10
INSTALLING ON MOTOR ............................................. 13
MENU SCREEN .................................................................... 14
MENU SCREEN .................................................................... 15
GCS MODULES .................................................................... 15
ONBOARD I/O ................................................................ 15
INT ANALOG OUT 1...................................................... 16
INT DIGITAL OUTPT ..................................................... 16
EXPANSION I/O MODULE 1 (OPTIONAL) .................... 16
EXP I/O 1 AI1 and EXP I/O 1 AI2 .................................. 16
EXP I/O 1 A01 and EXP I/O 1 A02 ................................ 17
EXP I/O 2 A01 ................................................................ 17
GCS MODULES STATUS .............................................. 17
MODULE STATUS......................................................... 17
CENTINEL GCS SETUP ................................................ 18
GAUGE DETECTION METHOD.................................... 18
GAUGE TYPE ................................................................ 18
CENTINEL SECURITY LEVEL....................................... 18
CENTINEL UNITS.......................................................... 19
CENTINEL COM FAIL ALARM ...................................... 19
CENTINEL COM STATS ............................................... 19
MANUAL GAUGE RESET ............................................. 19
CENTINEL STATUS ....................................................... 19
DATA LOGGING (OPTIONAL)....................................... 21
PC CARD DATA LOGGING........................................... 21
SCADA INTERFACE (OPTIONAL) ................................ 23
PICK-UP PROCEDURE........................................................ 24
RUN-IN-HOLE PROCEDURE............................................... 24
MAINTENANCE .................................................................... 25
CHECKING PULLED UNIT............................................ 25
TROUBLESHOOTING .......................................................... 26
ERROR RECOVERY ..................................................... 27
SELF DIAGNOSTICS .................................................... 27

iii

APPENDIX A: CENTINEL SPECIFICATIONS AND RATING


............................................................................................... 28
APPENDIX B: BLOCK CONTROL SCHEMATIC.................. 29
APPENDIX C: PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS ............................. 30
APPENDIX D: MODBUS ADDRESS MAP FOR CENTINEL
DATA POINTS....................................................................... 31

iv

SAFETY RECOMMENDATION
Centinel equipment should be installed, adjusted and
serviced by qualified electrical maintenance personnel.
Improper installation or operation of the equipment may
cause injury to personnel or equipment. This equipment
must be installed and grounded in accordance with local
and national electrical codes. Potentially lethal voltages
exist within the cabinet enclosures. Extreme care must be
taken to insure all power sources are disconnected
before beginning installation, maintenance and repair
jobs.
Standard safety gear should be worn at all times
including, but not limited to: safety glasses, gloves, and
steel toe boots.

SAFETY DURING INSTALLATION


The Centinel surface equipment outputs 60 to 90 VDC to
power the downhole unit. Confirm that power is disconnected
to the panel before working on equipment.
Disconnect the Surface Inductor Panel from the ESP system
when insulation tests/HV tests are performed. The connection
between the Surface Inductor Panel and the Centinel Power
Supply (in the Surface Electronic Panel) may be live even
when the Surface Electronic Panel is powered down due to
voltages on the ESP system. Isolate the ESP before working
on the Centinel system by disconnecting the Surface Inductor
Panel from the system.

INTRODUCTION
This manual contains general information for the Centinel
system, specific installation information, as well as setup and
operating instructions for a typical equipment configuration.

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The Centinel is a downhole measurement system designed
for use with electrical submersible pumping equipment in
oilfield, water, mining and other applications. It is comprised of
three components: (1) downhole sensor, (2) the Surface
Inductor Package (SIP), (3) the Surface Electronics Panel
(SEP). When installed, the Centinel will provide highly
accurate, reliable measurements of downhole pressure and
temperature.
Centinel GCS System
Centinel can be used as a stand-alone unit or as part of a
system that includes a variable speed drive or motor controller.

ARCHITECTURE

Downhole Sensor: consists of the electronics board


which may be contained either in carbon steel or
ferritic housing that is bolted to the bottom of an ESP
motor.
Surface Inductor Panel (SIP): also known as a choke
panel, serves as the interface between the ESP
power system (cabling) and the Surface Electronics
Panel (SEP). The Surface Inductor Panel filters the
communication signal off of the AC power line (which
powers the motor) and sends it to the SEP.
Surface Electronics Panel (SEP): receives
communications signal from the SIP. The SEP is
comprised of three modules: (1) Centinel Power
Supply (CPS), (2) Centinel Interface Module (CIM),
and (3) Auxiliary Power Supply (APS).
o For the GCS integrated configuration, the
APS is omitted.
o Additional modules can be added as options
for further enhanced operation.

See Appendix B for a block diagram of how these modules


work together and associative part numbers (PNs).

GCS Display mounted on SEP

FEATURES

SEP surface operating temperature range of 0 to


+55C (32 to 131F)
NEMA 4 enclosure (for stand alone configuration)
Simple, pre-calibrated setup of downhole sensor
Easy to understand graphical, LCD display (Optional)
Measures pressure 14.7psi to 5000psi
Measures temperature 77F to 302F
Modular bottom-of-motor design with heavy duty
housing as standard
Communicates over standard ESP power cable
Delta or Wye connections for choke panel

OPTIONS

Exterior of Surface
Inductor Panel (Choke
Panel) w/Optional
enclosure

Data logging (when integrated with GCS drives and


switchboards)
4-20mA analog outputs
SCADA interface via Modbus RTU (RS-232/422/485)
Seamless integration into GCS drives and
switchboards
Stainless, NEMA 4X enclosure options

Surface Choke Panel

INSTALLATION
INITIAL CHECKS
Before installing the equipment, check the unit for:

Visual damage to the shipping container or cabinet.


Packing. Remove all packing materials such as tape,
foam, shipping restraints, and padding.
Physical damage to equipment.
Correct application. The equipment nameplate data,
transformers, and load must be compatible.
Internal connections. Ensure that all circuit boards,
cables, components, and connectors are securely in
place.

Downhole Components The downhole components of the


Centinel system should be mounted to a compatible electrical
submersible motor. At present, all Centrilift offered motors
are compatible with the standard Centinel sensor, with
the exception of the 375 series. Component sizes and
application data should be compared to motor and pump
characteristics to make sure that correctly sized equipment is
installed.
All necessary precautions should be taken to ensure
integrity of environmental seals and electrical
connections.
Surface Components The surface components of the
Centinel are housed in weatherproof, NEMA 4 enclosures
suitable for outdoor installations in non-hazardous locations.

POWER WIRING
The Auxiliary Power Supply (APS) is connected to the
Centinel Interface Module (CIM) via the CITIBus
communication cable. It converts the supplied 120VAC into
the +24VDC required to power the surface electronic
devices. 1 The Centinel Power Supply unit (CPS) provides the
60 to 90VDC required by the downhole tool. It is also powered
by 120VAC and is connected to the CIM and to the Surface
Inductor Panel. The output of the surface inductor is
connected to the downhole power cable, and as such has
high voltage present on its lugs and connectors. Use proper
precautions when connecting, inspecting and commissioning
these connections. [See Appendix B]

The APS is not included in the GCS-integrated configuration


of the Centinel system, as the CITIBus power is already
available within the motor control system.

CUSTOMER INTERFACE WIRING


Control inputs and outputs are interfaced directly to the plug
and socket terminal strips mounted on the faceplate of the
electronic enclosures. AC control wiring should meet a
minimum spec. of 18 AWG, and must run in conduit separate
from DC control wiring. Analog outputs (Pressure,
Temperature and CPS Control) should be connected with a
shielded, grounded, twisted pair cable, minimum 24 AWG.

APS, CPS, and CIM

NOTE: The Centinel Interface Module (CIM) utilizes a


standard GCS Expansion I/O module for the analog output
signals. Refer to the control schematic drawing in Appendix B
for a visual depiction of the required interconnections.
The Centinel can be interfaced to other control and
measurement equipment, using the provided digital and
analog outputs as outlined below.

ONBOARD DIGITAL OUTPUTS


The CIM provides two digital outputs in the form of
mechanical relays. These relays are rated for up to 120VAC
operation at a maximum current of ten amps. One of the
relays is used to control power to the Centinel Power Supply
module (CPS 120VAC), the other is used to annunciate the
successful completion of the power-on self test operation of
the system. This relay (STATUS RELAY) can be interfaced to
customer inputs, thereby providing a functional Centinel
Interface Module signal. It does NOT indicate a functional
gauge only a functional CIM.

ONBOARD ANALOG OUTPUTS (To Sensor)


The Centinel Interface Module (CIM) provides one analog
output used to control the output DC voltage of the Centinel
Power Supply (CPS). In order for the system to function
properly, connection must be made between this control
output, labeled CONTROL and the power supplys control
input.

GCS EXPANSION I/O MODULE (Optional)


The Centinel Interface Module (CIM) utilizes a standard GCS
Expansion I/O (EIO) module, as an option, to provide
electrically isolated 4-20mA current loop analog signals
proportional to the measured temperatures and pressure.
These self-powered output signals can be connected to any
compatible 4-20mA input with an input impedance of less than
900 ohms. The pressure and temperature outputs are located
on the standard GCS EIO connected to the CIM. The
pressure is generated on Expansion I/O module 1 Analog

Output #1. The well temperature signal is generated on


Expansion I/O module (EIO) 1, Analog Output #2.
The motor temperature signal is generated on EIO 2, Analog
Output #1.
Centinel 3
EIO1 Output #1
EIO1 Output #2
EIO2 Output #1

Well
Pressure
Well
Temperature
Motor
Temperature

14.7 5000
PSIA *
0 302 F *

4-20 mA
4-20 mA

0 302 F *

4-20 mA

* With the GCS versatility, the zero and range values that
correspond to 4 and 20mA are user selectable. For more
information, consult the GCS Expansion I/O Manual available
through Centrilift.
When integrated into a GCS system, the analog outputs are
identified according to their signal source parameter. This
will correlate one value (e.g. Centinel pressure) to an analog
output of interest (e.g. EIO3, AO2). This functionality is also
covered in the GCS Expansion I/O Manual.

BASIC OPERATION
Information from the downhole sensor is transmitted by
means of a modulated DC current to the Surface Electronics
Panel (SEP) via the Surface Inductor Panel (SIP). The surface
inductor package will superimpose a DC Voltage supplied by
the Centinel Power Supply (CPS) unit onto the downhole AC
power cable. The downhole sensor intermittently attenuates
this DC voltage creating a modulated DC current upon the AC
power cable. This modulated current is routed through the
CPS to the CIM surface electronic unit which decodes the
embedded serial information.
Centinel
The Centinel downhole sensor maintains a record of its own
serial number and calibration information with the device.
After sending the serial number as part of the start-up
initialization, the sensor only transmits data values for
pressure and temperatures.
The Centinel initialization sequence takes approximately one
minute every time the downhole tool is powered up. The
pressure and temperatures are updated with new values
every 17 seconds thereafter.

COMMISSIONING
Centinel is designed to be a simple, stand alone unit that
operates without operator calibration and with a minimum
amount of operator configuration. Additionally, the Centinel
unit is designed to operate with or without a GCS display unit
attached. However, connecting a GCS display unit will assist
with initial installation and troubleshooting efforts. Therefore,
the following section of the manual depicts the use of this
optional GCS display unit. Note that if a display unit is used,
compatible software must be loaded. Consult the inside front
cover for applicable software revisions.

SURFACE INDUCTOR
INSTALLATION
NOTE: As lethal voltages may be present, Centinel
equipment should be installed, adjusted and serviced by
qualified electrical maintenance personnel. Before
beginning any work ensure power has been disconnected
and locked out.

The Surface Inductor Package (SIP) is always installed on the


output side of the step-up or isolation transformer that
connects to the motor. Please take note of Appendix B for a
wiring block diagram. Each of the three input wires must be
attached to each phase of the three phase system and an
appropriate ground wire.
For installations with a variable speed controller (VSC), the
step-up transformer secondary should remain ungrounded to
allow proper Centinel communication.
For installations with a switchboard and no isolation
transformer, the incoming power should remain ungrounded
to allow proper Centinel communication.

Surface Inductor Package


showing input fuses

SENSOR INSTALLATION
The Centinel downhole sensor is electrically connected to the
bottom of the motor by attaching the Centinels I-wire
connection to the Y-point of the windings. This point is found
in the base of the motor, behind the motor base cap.
If the motor is an upper tandem motor, a Y-point shorting plug
should be installed prior to sensor installation.
Use the following procedure to install the I-wire receptacle
(female connector PN 902622) on the motors Y-point that
connects to the Centinel downhole sensor.

Y-CONNECTION/I-WIRE
1. To reduce the amount of oil loss, support the motor so
that the base is above the motor head. Remove the
shipping cap from the Centinel downhole sensor.
Replace the O-rings on the sensor head.
2. Remove the motor base cap and save the fasteners.
3. Carefully uncoil the I-wire (wire from Y-point) from the
motor base. If the I-wire end has been wrapped, cut
off approximately one to two inches from the end of
the wire. Likewise, if the wire has been encased in
shrink tubing; carefully remove about 4.25 (10.8 cm)
of shrink tubing from the wires to expose a workable
amount of wire.
4. Clean wires with alcohol.

Figure 1

5. Remove and lay out the parts of the receptacle for


easy access, make sure that a black rubber boot, a
white insulator and metal socket are present. [Figure
1]
6. Slide black rubber boot over wire (small end first).
Once that is seated against the shrink tubing, slide
the white, rigid insulator (rounded end towards the
black boot) onto the wire. Push insulator into black
boot about (0.635cm) to help steady the assembly.
[Figure 2]

Figure 2

10

Figure 3

7. Being careful not to cut the wire, use wire strippers to


strip back (0.635cm) of insulation from the I-wire to
expose the conductor. [Figure 3 & 4]

Figure 4

8. Place the copper end of the metal socket over the


wire and crimp using crimping tool (PN 902623).
[Figure 5 & 6]
NOTE: Only put crimp jaws on the copper band!
Figure 5

Figure 6

11

Figure 7

9. Using a small rod or as pictured, an instrumentation


screwdriver known as a tweaker push the metal
socket into the white insulator until it seats flush with
the ridge internal to the insulator. If the Centinel
sensor is in position to mount when assembling this
socket, use the Centinel plug to push socket into the
insulator [Figure 7 & 8]

Figure 8

10. Insert the insulator into the black rubber boot about
(0.635cm). The socket is now ready to accept the
plug from the Centinel sensor. [Figure 9]

Figure 9

12

INSTALLING ON MOTOR
NOTE: Although built as a rugged piece of equipment,
this sensor contains delicate pieces of electronic
instrumentation and should be handled as such. Proper
handling should be exercised to insure no extreme shock
or electrical interference (static). Never put tension or
stress on the connection wires and never

support
the motor/string weight by only the
attached sensor.
Place the sensor near the end of the motor. Plug I-wire
connectors together by pushing the Centinel plug so it seats
firmly against the white insulator/receiver on the I-wire from
the motor. Then, push the black boot over the top of the whole
assembly so the insulators slide back into the boot, where the
internal groove on the boot seats on top of the Centinel plugs
raised ring. This will be fairly tight. When the motor
temperature option is not used, carefully coil I-wire into the
end of the motor and end of the Centinel unit. [Figure 10]
NOTE: There are two considerations when installing a 1
Kohm RTD kit (PN 901896) for motor temperature
measurement:
1. When installed at a field service center, consult
manufacturing method MM9770 for proper procedure.
This details installing the RTD into the base plate.
Figure 10

2. When installed using the mounting sleeve included


with the RTD kit, locate the RTD as close to the motor
winding base plate as possible with the tie wraps
provided.
Crimp RTD wires to wires coming out of Centinel unit using
butt splices provided.
Lubricate the O-rings with petroleum jelly or other suitable
product.
Lift sensor and carefully slide the Centinel head onto the base
of the motor. Align the Centinel holes with the motor base
holes, insert bolts and lock washers and tighten firmly [Figure
11]
When refilling the motor and sensor, ensure that the oil used
was specified for that particular motor. For more detailed
information on oil refilling refer to the Field Service Manual.

Figure 11

13

THE GCS MENUS


The following section provides definitions of the GCS menus
and parameters that are available to the user of a stand alone
system. The menu structure shown below is for a CIM as a
Master unit (MR/SL jumper out) in a stand alone system.
Consult the table in appendix B on page 29 for relevant part
numbers of other Centinel systems and associative MR/SL
jumper positions. In those configurations with the Centinel as
a Slave unit (MR/SL jumper in), relevant Centinel information
can be found under the GCS Modules, Centinel Module subscreen selection.
If more information is required for GCS operating system
conventions and menu navigation, please refer to the
Electrospeed GCS or Vortex GCS Operators Manuals.

OVERVIEW OF CENTINEL GCS MENU STRUCTURE

14

MENU SCREEN
The MENU screen provides access to each of the subscreens in the Centinel system. It is the initial screen shown
for a CIM master system. For other applications with the CIM
as a slave, the Status and Setup screens are located within
the GCS Modules, Centinel Module sub-screen selection.
Move the cursor over the appropriate square using the arrow
keys and press ENTER to display that screen.

Screen 1

GCS MODULES
The GCS Modules screen provides access to the input/output
module screens as well as the Centinel module when
integrated into a GCS variable speed drive or motor controller
system. The setup and calibration is performed in the factory,
so these screens are used to view the present configuration.

ONBOARD I/O
The Onboard I/O menu provides access to the inputs and
outputs available within the Centinel Interface Module itself.
Select Onboard I/O and press the ENTER key to view the
pertinent menus.
Screen 2

Screen 3
15

INT ANALOG OUT 1


This internal analog output of the Centinel Interface Module
(CIM) is used to control the Centinel Power Supply output
voltage level. The CIM will normally adjust this value
automatically eliminating the need for manual adjustments.

INT DIGITAL OUTPT

Screen 4

Screen 4 provides user access to internal digital output #3


(relay). Digital output #3 is used to connect or disconnect the
120VAC power to the Centinel Power Supply (CPS) unit.
Disconnecting the power to the downhole tool has the effect of
resetting it. It will then re-transmit the serial number and
calibration data as it does at every power up. The CIM will
normally control this relay automatically and user adjustment
is not necessary. It is also accessible through the Centinel
GCS Setup screen, Manual Gauge Reset parameter.

EXPANSION I/O MODULE 1 (OPTIONAL)


The CIM utilizes a standard GCS Expansion I/O module to
generate the 4-20mA analog output signals proportional to the
measured intake pressure and temperature. Access to the
setup and calibration screens is through this menu. The CIM
module adjusts the analog output parameters automatically,
eliminating the need for user adjustment. Move the cursor to
this location and press ENTER to access the sub-menus. The
menus and parameters are identical to a standard expansion
I/O module, therefore only a brief description is afforded in this
manual. For a more complete description, please refer to the
GCS Expansion I/O Manual available through Centrilift or
consult the BakerHughesDirect.com website.
Screen 5

EXP I/O 1 AI1 and EXP I/O 1 AI2


Both of the screens associated with analog input 1 (AI1) or 2
(AI2) display similar parameters, but relate specifically to
analog input 1 or 2. Analog input 1 screen is shown in Screen
6 for reference. These inputs are not utilized in the standard
Centinel configuration but are mentioned because they will be
seen while scrolling through the menu structure.

Screen 6

16

EXP I/O 1 A01 and EXP I/O 1 A02


Both of these screens display similar parameters, but relate to
analog output 1 or 2. Analog output 1 which correlates to
Centinel Intake Pressure is shown in Screen 7 for reference.
Analog output 2 correlates to intake temperature.

EXP I/O 2 A01


This screen displays the parameter related to analog output 1
that correlates to the motor temperature.

Screen 7

GCS MODULES STATUS


The GCS Modules Status menu enables the user to verify that
the Expansion I/O module used by the system is enabled for
communication. The GCS Expansion I/O module is used to
generate the 4-20mA analog output signals proportional to the
measured pressure and temperatures with Centinel 3. Press
the ENTER key to view the status screen as illustrated in
Screen 8.

Screen 8

MODULE STATUS
The module status screen shows if the Expansion I/O
modules #1 and #2 are enabled for communication with the
CIM. The CIM will always poll for these modules at power-up
and the user should never need to enable them manually.

Screen 9
17

CENTINEL GCS SETUP


The Centinel Setup Screen allows the user of the system
automatic or manual gauge detection. Also, depending on the
security level of the user, offsets can be entered to
accommodate any drifts in the sensor or needs the end-user
may require.
When integrated into a GCS variable speed drive or motor
controller system, this screen is visible by pressing the left or
right arrow key from the status screen.

GAUGE DETECTION METHOD


Screen 10

The Gauge Detection Method may have one of several


options. In auto detect mode, the system will attempt to
automatically detect the gauge connected. Each gauge
supported by Centrilift will have a unique start up sequence
that will identify it to the surface electronics. In the unlikely
event that the gauge type can not be automatically detected,
the user can force the gauge type to the appropriate
selection. The recommended and default setting for this is
auto detect.

GAUGE TYPE
Once the gauge detection method has been specified, the
Gauge Type will display whatever gauge has been sensed (in
auto detect mode, or whatever has been manually specified).
Screen 10 shows the Centinel GCS Setup Screen at power up,
before the gauge type has been determined.

CENTINEL SECURITY LEVEL


If the user has security level access, the Centinel GCS Setup
Screen will display offset parameters with the capability to
alter them. The offset parameters will only be visible with
the proper security level.
Please note that this ability will alter the data coming from the
sensor, so only use the offset feature if fully experienced with
the specific gauge and the use of the data.

Screen 11

The user can enter a value into any of the channels to linearly
offset the data readings due to a predefined drift in the sensor.
Screen 11 shows the Centinel GCS Setup Screen at power up
with 0.0 PSIa pressure offset and 0.0 F temperature offset.
Once the gauge type is identified as Centinel 3 (as shown in
Screen 12), the motor temperature offset and the internal fluid
resistance will be added to the screen.

18

CENTINEL UNITS
There are two options for the units of the Centinel parameters:
imperial (abbreviated IMP) and SI (Systme International
d'units, i.e. International System of units). The imperial units
are PSIa and degrees Fahrenheit. The SI units are bars and
degrees Celsius.

CENTINEL COM FAIL ALARM


This parameter is used to enable/disable the Centinel
Receiver Communication Alarm. Installations that depend on
valid pressure values to control frequency may require this to
be enabled. When set to yes and Centinel communications
fail, the GCS device will shut down on CENT RCV COM fault.
Screen 12

CENTINEL COM STATS


This is an additional diagnostic screen indicating the actual
binary values returning from the sensor.

MANUAL GAUGE RESET


This parameter is used to manually reset the gauges
initialization sequence. When set to yes, the CIM will cycle
power to the CPS and begin the initialization process. This
parameter will return to no automatically.

CENTINEL STATUS

Screen 13

Screen 14

Screen 13 shows the unit after it is first powered up and


starting its initialization phase. In a stand-alone system, this
screen is accessible from the status menu selection. When
part of a GCS variable speed drive or motor controller system,
this screen is accessible from the GCS modules menu
selection, then the Centinel module selection. Once
initialization is complete (approximately one minute for the first
packet), it displays the serial number of the downhole gauge
as well as the present values of the downhole pressure and
temperature. Screen 14 shows the unit immediately after
receiving the first packet of data. Here is a basic description
of the other parameters on the screen:
S/N: Lists the serial number of the downhole tool.
Sts (Status): Shows whether the gauge is actively functioning,
i.e. receiving pressure and temperature, in an idle state,
evaluating the initialization string or has experienced an error.
PS Lv (Power Supply Level): Indicates the percentage of
output DC voltage that is being applied to the downhole gauge.
Active Alarms: If the CIM is not receiving data from the
CPS/downhole units, it will display an alarm message in this
area.
EIO1 COM: When expansion I/O module 1 is not present or
communicating.

19

EIO2 COM: When expansion I/O module 2 is not present or


communicating.
The following four alarms are generated from self-diagnostics
and are displayed only after numerous attempts to reset the
CPS have failed to correct the problem.
Cntl Short Cc (Centinel Short Circuit): When the gauge
signal stops changing between start-up and the arrival of
the first packet, the CIM decodes this as a short circuit.
Cntl Open Cct (Centinel Open Circuit): When the gauge
signal drops below a minimum level, the CIM decodes this
as an open circuit.
Cntl Sig Loss (Centinel Signal Loss): When the gauge
signal doesnt change within the normal period of time, the
CIM decodes this as a signal loss.
Cntl Noise (Centinel Noise): When five (5) consecutive
packets have invalid CRCs i.e. error checks, the CIM
decodes this as excessive noise on the signal wires.
Intake Pressure: Represents the pressure measured by the
downhole sensor.
Intake Temperature: Represents the downhole measured
temperature.
Motor Temperature: Represents the measured temperature
of the 1K ohm RTD located close to the motor windings.
Centinel Packets: a running count of data packets received
from the Centinel tool.
Centinel Errors: A running count of packets or data that
could not be formatted into a legible data packet for
processing. (Example: false reading due to noise)

After the initialization process is complete and true downhole


values are received (approximately 90 seconds), the screen
will be similar in appearance to Screen 15. The status - Sts: parameter shows the abbreviation for Receiving Pressure &
Temperature Rcvng PT and the Power Supply Level - PS
Lv: - has been automatically set to 37.5% output by the CIM.
At this point, the system will receive new pressure and
temperature data to update the display (and analog outputs
when connected) every 17 seconds.

Screen 15

20

DATA LOGGING (OPTIONAL)


The Centinel has an optional data logging feature when
connected to a GCS host device (with data logging
capabilities). This provides for a seamless integration into a
drive/switchboard system.
NOTE: When used as a stand-alone system, the GCS
motor controller must be attached for these features to be
active. Software revisions MUST match or be greater than
those on the inside front cover of this manual, under
System Firmware Revisions required, otherwise certain
Centinel parameters will not be available. Also, the MR/SL
jumper on the CIM must be IN for SL (slave) operation.

PC CARD DATA LOGGING

Screen 16

Screen 16 provides access to the data logging functions


provided with the GCS motor controller or variable speed
drive. It is located as a sub-screen under the Datalog &
History main menu selection. The data recorded is stored
onto a non-volatile memory card inserted into the provided
socket on the GCS display unit. The PC memory cards are
formatted and structured with a DOS file format. When
plugged into the PC card slot of a personal computer, the card
should appear as a disk drive and the logged data will appear
as a normal DOS type of file upon that card. To use, view or
manipulate the logged data, the user can open the file using
MS Excel, MS Word or any other PC software that can import
a comma separated variable or CSV file type. As can be
seen in Screen 16, the STATUS and SIZE portions of the
screen are filled with appropriate information when a valid
memory card is inserted.
For more information regarding the use of the PC Card, refer
to the section PC Card Datalogging in either GCS motor
controller or variable speed drive operators manual. Either
manual can be found by consulting the Baker Hughes Direct
website (www.bakerhughesdirect.com), Centrilift section and
searching for PC Card Datalog as a registered user.
Enable / Disable Data Logging Use this menu item to start
or stop the data logging function. Move the cursor over this
item and press the ENTER key to toggle between Enable and
Disable. If this item is toggled to Enable Data logging, the
GCS controller will commence logging the data as configured
within the next menu item, Setup Data Logging. With display
unit software version 5.06 or higher, permission to enable or
disable data logging is dependant upon security level
clearance. If security is enabled, the user must enter a valid
password to be allowed to enable/disable data logging. Refer
to the next section for instructions on configuring the data
logging setup.

Screen 17

Setup Data Logging To access the setup screens for data


logging, move the cursor to this location and press ENTER.

21

Note that the logging function must be disabled before access


to the data logging setup screen is allowed. Screens 17 and
18 are used to configure data logging options. After the setup
is complete, the configuration is stored within non-volatile
memory and is retained even in the event of a power failure.
In such a case, the user need not re-enter the setup, because
the GCS will re-configure itself using this stored configuration
once power is restored.

DATA LOG SETUP

Screen 18

This screen provides the user with the ability to configure the
type and frequency of data to be logged. Up to twelve data
variables can be logged at frequencies up to 1 Hz. Each of the
twelve logged data variables requires the user to enter point
identification (PID), start time and logging time interval. After
completing the data log setup press the MENU key to exit
Description Move the cursor to highlight one of the rows (1
through 12) in the description column and press ENTER. A
new screen listing all available parameters will appear. Some
of the available parameters are shown in screen 19. All four
arrow keys - up, down, left and right - will be active to locate
the variable of interest. When the item of interest is
highlighted, press the ENTER key to select that value.
Centinel data points (channels) are:
Centinel Data Point Names
Ctnl Intk Pr
Ctnl Intk Te
Ctnl Mtr Tem

Screen 19

Centinel Channels
Intake Pressure (PSIa)
Intake Temperature (F)
Motor Temperature (F)

(Start Time) The Start Time variable will delay the


start of data logging for this point the number of seconds
entered. For example, entering 45 will cause the first log
sample to occur 45 seconds after being enabled.
(Interval Time) Move the cursor to the Interval
Time column and press ENTER to set the time delay between
logged samples. This set point controls how often a data
value is recorded for this data log point. The shortest interval
possible is 1 second while the maximum time interval is 9999
seconds (2 hours, 46 minutes, 39 seconds).
Dedbnd (Dead band) This point defines how much a logged
data value must change before it will be added to the log file.
For instance, if the last logged data value is 17.5 and there is
a dead band of 0.2, the values 17.3, 17.4, 17.6 and 17.7 will
not be logged. This parameter can help reduce log file size by
not logging values until they have significantly changed.
Enable This point controls whether the GCS Electrospeed
controller will record (log) the data associated with the
description field. If this point displays a check mark, 9, the
data will be recorded, if it displays an X, the data will not be

22

logged. Move the cursor to this variable and press ENTER,


then, press the UP or DOWN arrow keys to toggle the value
between enabled and disabled.
For further information regarding additional data logging
options please consult the PC card technical document.

SCADA INTERFACE (OPTIONAL)


SCADA interfacing can be accomplished when connected to
an optional GCS host device (with interface capabilities, such
as the VCI-142). This provides RS-232 or -422/485 support
via the Modbus RTU protocol.
For setup and wiring of the VCI-142, please consult the Vortex
Interface VCI-142 Operators Manual
Appendix C contains the Modbus addresses for Centinel data
points as contained in the GCS motor controller.

23

PICK-UP PROCEDURE
For more detailed information on pickup procedures refer to
the Field Service Manual or the manufacturing specifications
for lifting motors.

RUN-IN-HOLE PROCEDURE
While running in-hole, the Centinel system can be checked by
performing the following procedure:
1. When used in a GCS system, verify that the output of the
switchboard or VSC transformer is not connected to the
motor cables.
2. Verify that the motor cables are connected to the cables
of the choke, i.e. Centinel Surface Inductor Package (SIP).
3. Between the junction box and cable reel on location,
connect one wire between the ground of the junction box
and the armor of the cable reel. If the cabling has not
been completed between the junction box and the SIP,
the wire will need to be connected between the SIP and
the cable reel. Be sure both wires make good contact and
observe all customer safety requirements.
4. When used in a GCS system, power up the host device
and go to GCS Modules, Centinel Module screen. In a
stand-alone system select status screen. Verify the
status portion changes from Idle to Init and the PS level
changes as necessary for proper communications.
5. After the first packet is received, the serial number (S/N)
should change from 0 to the appropriate value of the
gauge in question. The status should change from Init to
Rcvng PT.
6. Upon receiving the next packet, the displayed pressure
and temperature values should change from 0.0 to the
respective sensor values.
7. Verify with the next few packets that the values remain
fairly constant.
8. Power down host device or stand-alone system.
9. Remove wire connection to cable reel.

24

MAINTENANCE
Only minor adjustment and basic interconnection should be necessary
on initial start-up. Over time, some common sense maintenance
should be observed.
Operating Temperatures:
The surface electronic units are rated for operation in temperatures
between 0C to +55C (standard GCS operating temperatures).
Keep Surface Unit Clean:
As with any electronic equipment, cleanliness will enhance operating
life.
Keep Connections Tight:
The equipment should be kept away from high vibration areas that
could loosen connections or cause chafing of wires. All
interconnections should be re-tightened at initial start-up and at least
every six months.

CHECKING PULLED UNIT


The following procedure is to be used as a guide for checking the
Centinel downhole sensor when it has been pulled from a well
1. Note physical condition of entire assembly (ESP and sensor).
Check any areas that exhibit unusual wear or discoloration on the
housing.
2. Check motor oil (drain sample) for evidence of well fluid
contamination
3. If motor oil proves non-contaminated, connect {test} leads from
host device or Surface Electronic Panel to ground and phase of
motor.
4. Power up.
a. Pressure should read within tolerance of atmospheric (14.7
PSIa, 1.01 bars) when temperature is above 75 F (24 C)
This range is from -10.3 to 39.7 PSIa or -0.71 to 2.74 bars.
b. Temperatures should read within tolerance of ambient in
Fahrenheit or Celsius.
5. After checking unit for functionality, power system down and
remove test leads.
6. Proceed with megger testing of sensor
7. Megging: Reverse polarity (i.e. positive ground) is necessary
to prevent electronic failure to the downhole gauge. This requires
the positive polarity to be connected to the armor of the cable and
the negative connected to the phase of interest. It would be best
to start at the lowest setting first to verify proper electrical
connection before proceeding to higher voltages.
Do NOT exceed maximum rating of motor.
NOTE: If the motor oil sample is contaminated with well fluid or other
debris, the downhole sensor should not be rerun. Once the electronic
circuitry in the sensor has been exposed to fluid or contamination, the
longevity of the sensor could be compromised.

25

TROUBLESHOOTING
IMPORTANT SAFEGUARDS
The Centinel equipment should be installed, adjusted and
serviced by qualified electrical maintenance personnel.
WARNING
The following warnings must be heeded. Failure to do so
could result in personal injury or death!

Lethal voltages are present within the cabinet when


input power is applied.
External voltages could be present in the customer
termination area even with all power removed from
the drive input.
To prevent component damage, do not remove any
cable connectors without eliminating all power to
the CIM and CPS

Once installed, the Centinel system is designed to power up


and function without operator intervention. If for some reason
it fails to function properly, the user should perform the
following measurements and tests:
1. With power off, check the line fuses in both power
supplies, and if necessary, replace with the same rated
fuses
2. Test to ensure that 120VAC 50/60Hz power is available
at the input terminals for the two power supply units,
namely, the Centinel Power Supply and the Auxiliary
Power Supply.
3. After verifying the presence of control power, look for
the power indicator LEDs. They should be visible on the
faceplate of the Auxiliary power supply, the Expansion
I/O module (if installed) and the Centinel Interface
Module.
4. If the power indicator LEDs are illuminated, look further
inside the CIM and EIO enclosures for the flashing LED
indicator. If this flashing light is visible, it indicates that
those modules have successfully completed the power
on self-test.
5. At this point a graphic display unit should be connected
to the CITIBus connector. View the STATUS screen for
any alarm or fault indicators shown.
6. A note on voltages in the surface panel: The Centinel
Power Supply (CPS) requires 120 VAC to work properly.
The neutral of the needed voltage is connected directly
to the CPS and the hot portion is routed through the
CIMs relay. During the Idle status, the relay will be off
and the voltage will not be present. During initialization
and regular communication times, the voltage should be
present. The voltage leaving the CPS going to the
gauge is usually changing values so only an
oscilloscope would provide relevant data. For

26

troubleshooting purposes, the DC voltage can range


from 60-90V. The voltage leaving the CPS as the signal
value will usually range from 4.5 to 7.5 VCD but will be
changing values according to sensor data. The control
signal is a current signal and thus it is rather difficult to
check with a voltmeter or interrupt the circuit to check
with an ammeter. It can range from 4 to 20 mA and
correlates to the voltage leaving the CPS.
Additional troubleshooting assistance can be found in the
Centinel Troubleshooting Guide manual available at the
BakerHughesDirect.com website.

ERROR RECOVERY
In the event of loss of communication from the Centinel Power
Supply, the Centinel Interface Module will react accordingly:
1. If the incoming signal from the Centinel Power Supply
(CPS 0-10Vdc) is lost, the software will reset the gauge
by interrupting the 120Vac power supply to the CPS.
The software will then wait 30 seconds, apply power to
the CPS again and attempt to detect the gauge
initialization sequence. If an error occurs during the
initialization process, there will be three retries before
shutting down on err. Within the main status screen,
the type of error will be announced according to the
self-diagnostics section below.
2. If the software counts 5 consecutive errors in packets
received from the CPS, the Centinel Interface Module
(CIM) will attempt to re-initialize the communication link.
This is done by interrupting the power to the CPS,
waiting 30 seconds, then re-applying power to the
gauge and attempting to detect the initialization
sequence from the gauge. Reception of a packet with a
valid CRC causes the error counting to be reset to zero.
In other words, a sequence of up to four bad packets
followed by one good packet will not cause the CPS
power to be interrupted.

SELF DIAGNOSTICS
There are four types of errors that the Centinel system detects:
1. Centinel Signal Loss- This is usually a momentary
announcement in the status screen while the CIM
cycles power.
2. Centinel Short Circuit- Indicates that a short circuit has
occurred between the signal cable and ground.
3. Centinel Open Circuit- Indicates that an open circuit
condition exists with either the signal cable or ground.
4. Centinel Noise- Indicates that too many communication
packets have CRC (Cyclic Redundancy Check) errors
which is interpreted as excessive noise.

27

APPENDIX A: CENTINEL
SPECIFICATIONS AND RATING

Surface Electronics Equipment


Operating Temperature:
Storage Temperature:
Analog Output Accuracy:
Input Power:
Fused Input Power:

0 to +55C (32 to 131F)


-50 to +85C (-58 to 185 F)
4-20mA, 0.01% of full scale
max. impedance: 900 ohm
120VAC / 150mA
60Hz nominal
4 Amp

Surface Electronics CE Compliant Part Numbers


Description
Part Number
Standard SEP, display only
903275
Dataloggable SEP
903276
Dataloggable SEP w/ SCADA
903277
SEP with analog outputs
903278
Dataloggable SEP w/ analog outputs
903279
GCS retrofit kit
903288
Downhole System Specifications and Ratings
Parameters Measured
Centinel 3
Pressure Range
Pressure Accuracy
Pressure Resolution
Temperature (measure)
Temp Meas. Acc.
Temp Meas. Res.
Megging Voltage
Data Transmit Method
Update Rate
Max. Cable Length
Serial Number
Weight
Length

Pi, Tw, Tm
5000 psi
0.5% F.S. ( 25psi)
0.002% F.S. (0.1psi)
77-302F
1.8F
0.1F
-5000VDC
Digital
17 seconds
300,000 Meters (984,252 FT.)
Stored in D/H Tool, Transmitted
to surface
87 lbs
51.70 / 49.26 [with/without p/n
902244 shipping cap]

28

APPENDIX B: BLOCK CONTROL SCHEMATIC

29

APPENDIX C: PHYSICAL
DIMENSIONS

Figure C-1. Standard SEP package

Figure C-2. SIP package (903521)

Figure C-3. Transformer mount SIP package


(903520)

30

APPENDIX D: MODBUS
ADDRESS MAP FOR CENTINEL
DATA POINTS

System Tag Name

Description

Units/Multiplier

IMP

SI

Hex
address

Decimal
address

CSU_PRESSURE

Intake Pressure

psi / x10

bars / x1000

0x0130

30305

CSU_TEMPERATURE

Intake Temperature

F / x10

C / x10

0x0131

30306

CSU_MOTOR TEMPERATURE

Motor Temperature

F / x10

C / x10

0x0132

30307

CSU_FLUID RESISTANCE

Reserved for future use

Integer

0x0133

30308

CSU_SERIAL_NUM_LO

Low word for serial


number 2

Integer

0x0134

30309

CSU_SERIAL_NUM_HI

High word for serial


number

Integer

0x0135

30310

CSU_PRG_REV_NUM

Centinel firmware
revision number

Integer / x100

0x0136

30311

CSU_GAUGE_TYPE

Sensor type 3

Integer

0x0137

30312

Read-only, input registers (3XXXX)

The serial number can be assembled by the following


formula: ([hi value] x 65536) + (low value)
3
1 = Centinel 2, 2 = Centinel 3

31

32