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Contoh

The Advantage and Disadvantage of Nuclear Power


Issue
Nuclear power is generated by using uranium which is a metal mined in various part of the world. The first large
scale of nuclear power station was opened at Calder Hall in Cumbria, England in 1956.
(Tenaga nuklir dibangkitkan dengan menggunakan uranium yang merupakan sejenis logam yang bisa
ditemukan di berbagai tempat di dunia. Pembangkit tenaga nuklir sekala besar yang pertama dibuka di Caler
Hall
di
Bumbria,
Inggris
pada
tahun
1956.)
Supporting Point
Some military ships and submarines have nuclear power plant for engine. Nuclear power produces around 11% of
the world's energy needed, and produces huge amounts of energy. It cause no pollution as we would get when
burning
fossil
fuels.
The
advantages
of
nuclear
plant
are
as
follow:
(Beberapa kapal dan kapal selam militer mempunyai tenaga nuklir yang ditanamkan pada mesin. Tenaga
nuklir memproduksi sekitar 11% tenaga yang dibutuhkan dunia dan menghasilkan total energi yang besar
yang tidak menyebabkan polusi seperti yang akan kita dapatkan ketika membakar bahan bakar fosil.
Keuntungan dari nuklir adalah sebagai berikut:)
It costs about the same coal, so it is not expansive to make. (Biayanya hampir seperti batu bara, jadi
tidak terlalu mahal untuk digunakan.)
It does not produce smoke or carbon dioxide, so it does not contribute to the greenhouse effect. (Tidak
menghasilkan asap atau karbon dioksida, jadi tidak menyumbang efek rumah kaca.)

It produces huge amounts of energy from small amount of uranium. (Menghasilkan energi yang
banyak dari sedikit uranium.)

It produces small amount of waste. (Menghasilkan sedikit pembuangan.)

It is reliable. (Bisa diwujudkan.)

Contrasting Point
On the other hand, nuclear power is very, very dangerous. It must be sealed up and buried for many years to
allow the radioactivity to die away. Furthermore, although it is reliable, a lot of money has to be spent on safety
because if it does go wrong, a nuclear accident ca be a major accident.
Birth Control
Most people agree that some form of family limitation or spacing is desirable for the good of the family and
society. But individuals and groupsespecially religious groupsdiffer sharply on the methods of birth control
that they consider moral and acceptable.
Couples that practice birth control do so for various reasons. They may want to limit or space their children, or to
have no children at all. Young couples often postpone having children so that both partners can work full-time.
Other couples space their children so they can give each child as much attention as possible. Some women are
advised by their doctors to avoid pregnancy for health reasons. In many countries with rapidly growing
populations, the government encourages couples to limit the size of their families.
Even though birth control has gained in acceptance, opposition to the practice is continuous. Some people fear
that birth control encourages sexual relations outside marriage or that government might impose birth control.
Some religious groups oppose birth control on moral grounds.
Some religious groups teach that artificial methods of birth control are immoral because they separate the two
purposes of intercourse in marriageconjugal love and the procreation of children. Although they oppose all
artificial birth control, they consider natural family planning acceptable.
Nuclear Energy : Advantage Or Disadvanrage
Nuclear energy is commonly offered as an alternative to overcome the crisis of energy. The debate of whether the
use of nuclear energy is an appropriate choice has not come to an end. Some people agree with the utilization of it
because of its benefits. Some others, however, disagree because of its risks to the environment.
Those who agree with the operation of nuclear reactors usually argue that nuclear energy is the only feasible
choice to answer the ever increasing energy needs. In their opinion, the other sources of energy: oil, coal, and
liquid natural gas are not renewable and safe, while nuclear energy can be sustainable when produced in a safe
way.
However, people who disagree with the use of nuclear energy point out that the waste of nuclear products can
completely destroy the environment and human lives. A meltdown in reactor, for example, usually results in the
contamination of the surroundings soil and water. Take for example, the blow up of the nuclear reactor at the
Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station in Russia twenty years ago. The serious contamination imperiled people and
the
environment
severely.
It is obvious that nuclear energy should be avoided because it really endanger the environment but what about a
less polluted energy instead of nuclear energy? Is there any alternative energy to overcome the crisis of energy?

teks diskusi adalah jenis teks untuk menyajikan setidaknya dua sudut pandang
masalah
2. Examples of a discussion
Debates, letters to the editor, some articles, talkback radio
3. An introductory paragraph that introduces topic/issue may state writers view.
2. Ciri-ciri paling menonjol dari discussion text adalah sebagai berikut: Ada isu hangat yang

akan didiskusikan. Misalnya, perlunya kenaikan BBM. Terdapat pendapat pro dan kontra
terhadap isu hangat yang disajikan. Terdapat saran dan simpulan dari penulis di bagian akhir
teks. Grammar menggunakan Present Tense.
simple present tense*Keterangan:

S
: Subject
Vbi : Verb Bare Infinitif (Kata kerja yang belum mengalami penambahan
akhiran (suffixes) seperti do (bukan does), call (bukan called), dll.

e/es : Merupakan akhiran (suffiex) yang harus ditambahkan jika subject dari
kalimat adalah he/she/it (orang ketiga tunggal).

: Object

Abortion : Pro And Contra?


Good
morning
Ladies
and
Gentlemen,
First of all, I would like to thank the organizing committee for giving me opportunity to say a few words at this
seminar.
In
this
occasion,
Id
like
to
speak
about
Abortion:
pro
and
contra.
As you see, there has been a great deal of discussion on the problem of abortion in this country. The discussion
includes: Is abortion legal or illegal? Is abortion morally justified or not? However, in this discussion I would like
to
talk
from
different
side.
To begin with, let me say that on one hand abortion is one method of birth control. Lets look at the fact about the
population problem in a country. When a country faces the problems of population explosion, the government
should find methods to solve it. But since no method of contraception is one hundred percent effective and
successful,
abortion
becomes
the
only
way
out
when
prevention
fails.
On the other hand, abortion may cause many negative effects for womens health. Women risk their health and
lives in bearing the weight of the operation and its consequences. The most common complications are
inflammation, interruption of menstrual patterns, infertility, endometriosis, myoma of the uterus, and many
other
kinds
of
ovary
illnesses.
So far, abortions have become a dilemma for countries with a large number of citizens. On one hand, it can
control the birthrate but on the other hand, it brings terrible consequences, especially for womens health.