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Eatons Cooper Power Systems catalog

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Technical Data
Effective May 2014

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Contents
Description

Page

Type GH hydraulically controlled sectionalizer (270-10). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3


Types GN3E and GN3VE electronically controlled,
manually closed sectionalizers (270-15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer (270-20). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
General ratings information and catalog guide for single-phase
and three-phase reclosers (280-05). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Types E, 4E, V4E, H, 4H, V4H, L, V4L, single-phase and 6H, V6H
three-phase reclosers (280-10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
NOVA15, NOVA27, and NOVA38 three-phase,
microprocessor-controlled recloser (280-42). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
SPEAR single-phase recloser system (280-101) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories (280-104). . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
Type VSA20B air-insulated; vacuum; electronically
controlled power circuit breaker (290-25). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119

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Technical Data 270-10

Effective May 2014


Supersedes June 2012

Type GH hydraulically controlled


sectionalizer
Description
Sectionalizers are used in conjunction with sourceside protective devices such as reclosers or
reclosing breakers to automatically isolate faulted
sections of distribution lines. After sensing a current above a preselected level, the sectionalizer
counts when the source-side protective device deenergizes the circuit. The sectionalizer can be set
to open after 1, 2, or 3 counts. It does not interrupt fault current, but opens the section of the line
within its protective zone during the open interval
of the backup protective device.
Sectionalizers can be used in place of fuses or
between the reclosing device and a fuse. They
only detect current above a specified level and
have no timecurrent characteristics. This provides
a current-coordination range from minimum pickup
to the maximum allowable momentary value of
the sectionalizer.
Sectionalizers offer these operating advantages:

Manual load-breaking capabilities up to 2.2


times their normal load ratings as determined
by the actuating coil

Fault close-in ability completely independent of


operator speed

No accidental opening under overload due to a


damaged link

Automatic or manual operation in any weather

270-10-1

Technical Data 270-10

Type GH hydraulically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Ratings and characteristics

Ordering information

TypeGH single-phase hydraulically controlled sectionalizer can be


applied to distribution systems within the ratings shown in Table1.

When ordering Type GH hydraulically controlled sectionalizer, include


the catalog number and description. If mounting equipment or
accessories are required, order separately by catalog number and
description.

A simple internal mechanism operates the sectionalizer. The


mechanism incorporates a series-connected actuating coil, a
plunger, and a trip piston to count and trip. The sectionalizer opens
automatically but must be closed manually with the yellow operating
handle under the sleet hood. The sectionalizer can also be tripped
manually with the operating handle.

Constructing a catalog number

The catalog number for the TypeGH hydraulically controlled


sectionalizerwith or without accessoriesis constructed as shown
below:

Operation
A sectionalizer is a self-contained circuit-opening device. It automatically opens its contacts after a backup recloser or circuit breaker
de-energizes the circuit. Because a sectionalizer is not designed to
interrupt fault current, it is always used in series with a backup faultinterrupting device.

KGH1 Basic letters for single-phase TypeGH


sectionalizer;

A sectionalizer has no timecurrent characteristics, making it easily


applicable to both new and existing coordination schemes. Figure1
details the internal parts of the TypeGH sectionalizer.

Surge protection

KGH1

Nom.
Voltage
(kV)

GH (single-phase)

14.4

15

Max
Cont.
Current
(A)

Max.
Momentary
and Making
Current
(asymmetrical)
(A)

BIL
(kV)

140

6500

95

Table 2. Bushings; Factory-Installed


Description

Catalog Number

17 in. creepage bushings

KA278NR

Table 3. 125 kV BIL Accessory; Factory-Installed


Description

Catalog Number

125 kV BIL accessory; includes 7 in. creepage bushings

KA148GH

Table 4. Mounting Equipment


Description

Catalog Number

Crossarm-mounting hanger; one required

KA39H

270-10-2

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to trip: 1, 2, or 3

100 T2

KGH1100T2 is the catalog number for a TypeGH single-phase


sectionalizer with a nominal load current rating of 100A set for
two overcurrent counts to trip.

Table 1. Ratings of Type GH Sectionalizer

Type

load current rating.


Actuating current is 160% of nominal
rating.
Coil size: 5, 10, 15, 25, 35, 50, 70, 100, and
140A.


T2 Number of overcurrent counts

Sectionalizers operate best when protected with surge arresters.


On line applications, arrester protection is recommended on both
sides of the sectionalizer. If protection is to be provided on one side
only, install the arrester on the source side. Eaton's Cooper Power
Systems distribution-class arresters provide excellent protection;
see Catalog 235-99, UltraSIL Polymer-Housed Evolution Surge
Arresters.

Rated
Max
Voltage
(kV)

100 Coil size corresponding to nominal

Type GH hydraulically controlled sectionalizer

Technical Data 270-10


Effective May 2014

ACCESSORIES

Universal Clamp-Type Terminals


Accept #8 solid through 2/0 stranded
copper or aluminum conductors in
horizontal or vertical position.

Lifting Strap
For hoisting sectionalizer or lifting
mechanism out of tank.

Oil-Filled
15 kV Bushings
For low radio-influence
voltage wet-process
porcelain, cover clamped
for easy field replacement.

Sleet Hood
Protects manual
operating handle,
allows easy
access with
switch stick.

Head Casting
Cast aluminum supports bushings
and operating mechanism.

O-Ring Gasket
Resilient rubber confined under
controlled compression to provide
an effective seal between head
casting and tank.

Trip Adjustment Bar


Can be easily adjusted to trip
mechanism after 1, 2, or 3
overcurrent counts.

Actuating Coil and Counting Mechanism


Counts overcurrent interruptions
and opens sectionalizer after
preselected number of counts.

Manual
Operating
Handle
Permits manual
opening and closing,
indicates contact
position.
By-Pass Gap
Protects seriesoperating coil from
lightning surges.

Contact Structure
Has double-break,
snap action contacts,
with self-wiping
blades and coppertungsten tips.

Figure 1. Untanked view of Type GH sectionalizer.

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270-10-3

Technical Data 270-10

Type GH hydraulically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Sectionalizer operation
A sectionalizer senses overcurrent interruptions and opens after 1, 2,
or 3 such interruptions occur. It does this in two steps:
1. When the sectionalizer senses a current above its actuating
level, it arms (prepares to count). The count occurs when current
through the sectionalizer is interrupted or falls below a certain
value.
2. If the predetermined number of counts are registered within a
definite time period, the sectionalizer opens when the backup
device has interrupted current flow to the system.

Example

50 A Continuous
100 A Min. Trip
2 Fast, 2 Delayed

SECTIONALIZER

FAULT

LOAD

50 A Continuous
80 A Actuating
3 Counts

Figure 2. Typical sectionalizer application.

Figure2 shows a typical application. A sectionalizer is located


downline from an automatic circuit recloser. Basic coordination
between the sectionalizer and the recloser consists of the following:
1. Establishing the sectionalizers actuating level proportional to the
reclosers trip level;
2. Programming at least one less count for the sectionalizer than
the number of trips to lockout of the backup recloser. In this
case, the recloser might be set for four operations to lockout and
the sectionalizer for its maximum of three counts.
A fault occurs downline from the sectionalizer, in its normal
protection zone. The sectionalizer and the backup recloser both
sense the fault current. The sectionalizer arms to count on the
overcurrent. The recloser trips and de-energizes the line. Current
through the sectionalizer is interrupted, and the sectionalizer
counts.
If the fault is temporary, it may be cleared by the reclosers first two
fast operations. Since neither the recloser nor the sectionalizer has
completed its full operations sequence, both will reset for another
complete sequence.
If the fault is permanent, the recloser continues through its
programmed operations and the sectionalizer counts each trip
operation. After the recloser has tripped for the third time, the
sectionalizer completes its sequence of counts, opens, and isolates
the fault. The recloser restores the rest of the system by reclosing,
and, since it has not reached its programmed number of operations
to lockout, it resets for another full sequence.

270-10-4

RECLOSER

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A quick-close feature of Eaton's Cooper Power Systems hydraulic


sectionalizers allows safe closing even on a faulted line up to
the rated making current. Closing is accomplished by springs, and
contact speed is independent of operator effort.
The quick-reset provision automatically resets the sectionalizer
one count as soon as it opens. If closed in on a faulted line even
immediately after tripping the sectionalizer remains closed until
its backup device has cleared the fault. The sectionalizer then opens
normally while the line is de-energized.

Technical Data 270-10

Type GH hydraulically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Counting mechanism operation


The hydraulic sectionalizer is actuated when its series-actuating
(solenoid) coil is subjected to a current flow exceeding 160% of
its continuous-current rating. The response of the hydraulic control
mechanism to an overcurrent is illustrated in Figures3, 4, and 5.
Figure4 shows the hydraulic control in its usual at-rest condition.
The actuating component of the control the solenoid plunge
functions as a pump. With normal load current flowing through the
solenoid coil, spring pressure holds the solenoid plunger at the top
of its stroke.
When current flowing through the solenoid coil reaches actuating
level, the resulting magnetic field pulls the plunger down (Figure4).
This downward motion closes the check valve at the bottom and
forces a charge of oil up through the plunger into the space vacated
by the plunger. The oil pressure opens the check valve at the top of
the plunger, permitting oil flow. The plunger is held down until the
current flow through the coil drops to about 40% or less of its
actuating level.

In a typical sectionalizer counting operation, current flow through


the coil is interrupted when the backup recloser interrupts the
overcurrent. With the coil de-energized, the magnetic field is lost
and the plunger is returned to its up position by the compressed
spring, as shown in Figure5.
Upward movement of the plunger closes the top check valve so that
the oil charge above the plunger (Figure4) is forced upward. This
raises the trip piston, and the sectionalizer now has registered one
count. If the sectionalizer has been set for more than one count,
the sequence is repeated with each overcurrent until the trip piston
engages the trip latch and opens the sectionalizer contacts.
After each count, the trip piston begins to reset slowly. The time
during which it remembers previous counts is called sectionalizer
memory time. If the fault is temporary and is cleared before the
sectionalizer opens, the piston resets. If the programmed number
of counts is completed within the sectionalizer memory time, the
sectionalizer opens and must be closed manually.

Trip Adjuster

Trip Rod
Trip Piston

Upper Check
Valve
Solenoid
Plunger
Plunger
Spring
Lower Check
Valve

Figure 3. Hydraulic counting


mechanism in normal at-rest
condition.

Figure 4. Overcurrent pulls down


solenoid plunger, forcing charge of oil
up. Mechanism is armed to count.

Figure 5. When current drops to 40%


of actuating level, plunger returns up,
raising trip piston for first count.

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270-10-5

Technical Data 270-10

Type GH hydraulically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Application recommendations
The following basic coordination principles should be observed in
the application of hydraulic sectionalizers:
1. The sectionalizers minimum-actuating-current rating should be
approximately 80% of the minimum-trip rating of the source-side
protective device.
Note: This requirement is usually satisfied by pairing the sectionalizer with an
equally continuous-current-rated hydraulic recloser The continuous-current and
minimum-actuating-current ratings of the sectionalizer correspond to and
are compatible with hydraulic recloser ratings.

2. The sectionalizer should be set to open one count less than the
total operations to lockout of the backup device.
Note: This rule need not apply when several sectionalizers are in series;
successive units may be set for 1, 2, or 3 counts less than backup recloser
operations.

3. Momentary and short-time ratings of the sectionalizer must not


be exceeded. Follow the steps below to check this requirement:
A. To establish a cumulative time current curve for the backup
device, add the clearing-time curves for the operations that
occur prior to opening of the sectionalizer.
B. Plot this curve on the GH short-time current carrying chart
(Figure 6) as applicable.
C. Read the current at the intersection of the cumulative curve
of the backup device and the applicable short-time curve of
the sectionalizer.
D. The sectionalizer should be located where available fault current does not exceed the value in Step C.
4. The backup devices total accumulated operation time must be
equal to or less than the sectionalizers memory time.
Note: Hydraulically controlled sectionalizers were originally designed for use
with hydraulically controlled reclosers. The hydraulically controlled recloser
generally has a maximum two-second reclosing time; the hydraulically
controlled sectionalizer has a memory time that is fixed, but will coordinate
with any hydraulic controlled recloser.
For other electronic- or relay-controlled backup fault interrupting devices which
may have longer resetting times, information to accurately determine whether
or not the hydraulically controlled sectionalizer will coordinate is presented in
the following paragraphs.

270-10-6

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Figure 6. Short-term current-carrying capacity.

Technical Data 270-10

Type GH hydraulically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Coordination of sectionalizer with backup


protective devices
Coordination of Types GH hydraulically controlled sectionalizer with
backup reclosers or breakers is a function of the sectionalizers
maximum oil temperature and the backup devices operating
sequence.

Table 5. Oil-Temperature Rise at Various Load Currents


Load Current (% coil rating)

Approx. Temperature Rise (F)

25

50

13

75

27

Assuming a period of load-current flow prior to sectionalizer


operation, add the temperature rise to the sectionalizer ambient
temperature to determine the approximate maximum oil
temperature.

Operating sequence of backup device


Figure7 shows the portions of the backup operating sequence
which must be considered when determining proper coordination.
These are the appropriate fault times and reclosing times when the
sectionalizer must keep the proper count. Called Total Accumulated
Time (TAT), it is the time (sec) from the instant of interruption on
the first fault operation to the instant of interruption on the last fault
operation that the sectionalizer counts before opening.

EXAMPLE 1
For a TypeGH sectionalizer set to open after counting three fault
interruptions, the total accumulated time of the backup device is
the sum of the first and second reclosing times and the second and
third trip times: TAT=R1 + F2 + R2 + F3.

EXAMPLE 2
If the sectionalizer is set to open after two counts, total accumulated
time would be the sum of the first reclosing time and the second
trip time: TAT= R1 + F2.

EXAMPLE 3
If the sectionalizer is set for one-count-to-open, sectionalizer
memory time is not involved and the sectionalizer will always
coordinate. However, when the one-count-to-open setting is used,
inrush currents must be considered. See the Effect of Inrush
Current on Sectionalizer Application section in this manual.

R2

R3

F3

L - Load Current
F1 - First Trip Time
R1 - First Reclosing Time
F2 - Second Trip Time
R2 - Second Reclosing Time
F3 - Third TripTime
R3 - Third Reclosing Time

Start

Total Accumulated Time


Tripped to Lockout

Max. Position
Second Position
First Position
Start
Sectionalizer Trip - Piston Positions

Figure 7. Total Accumulated Time (TAT) for backup protection


device.

Coordination requirements
Two requirements must be met to assure coordination of TypeGH
hydraulically controlled sectionalizers with backup devices:
1. At the established maximum oil temperature (ambient plus rise),
TAT must not exceed the value indicated by the sectionalizer
coordination curve (Figure8).
2. The fault current on-time (F2 + F3) cannot exceed 70% of the
TAT allowed by the coordination curve for the maximum oil
temperature expected.

150
Total Accumulated Time
of the Backup Device (seconds)

The temperature rise of the oil due to current flow through the coil,
contacts and lead wires at various load-current levels is shown in
Table5.

F2

Time

Current

Sectionalizer oil temperature


Sectionalizer memory time depends upon the resetting of the
hydraulic counting mechanism. Thus, memory time is a function of
oil viscosity which in turn depends upon oil temperature.

R1

F1

100

50

0
-30

Coordination
in this Area

50

100

150

Oil Temperature (F)

Figure 8. Hydraulic sectionalizer coordination curve.

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270-10-7

Technical Data 270-10

Type GH hydraulically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Example 1

Example 2

Conditions:

Conditions:

Max. ambient temperature

85F

Max. ambient temperature

85F

Sectionalizer coil size

100 A

Sectionalizer coil size

100 A

Normal load current

50 A

Normal load current

50 A

Backup OCR

set for 1 fast,


3 delayed operations

Backup OCR

set for 1 fast,


3 delayed operations

Sectionalizer

set for 3 counts


to open

Sectionalizer

set for 2 counts


to open

Maximum oil temperature:



85 + 13 = 98 F

Maximum oil temperature:

From the coordination curve in Figure 8, allowable TAT at 98F is 28


seconds. Figure 9 illustrates this example, and an explanation follows.
To meet Coordination Requirement No. 2, the maximum current
on-time (F2 + F3) for TAT of 28 seconds is 28 x 0.70 = 19.6 seconds
(round off to 20 seconds.) Therefore, neither F2 nor F3 can exceed
20/2 or 10 seconds.
To meet Coordination Requirement No. 1, the TAT must not exceed
28 seconds. With F2 and F3 each 10 seconds, a maximum limit can
be calculated for R1 and R2 as shown below.

TAT = (R1 + R2) = (F2 + F3)


R1 + R2 = TAT - (F2 + F3)

= 28 - (10 + 10)

= 8 seconds.


85 + 13 = 98
The allowable TAT is again at 28 seconds: with the sectionalizer set
for two counts to open, there is only one fault current on-time (F2)
and only one reclosing time (R1). Therefore, the fault current on-time
(F2) cannot exceed 20 seconds, and the reclosing time (R1) must be
8seconds or less.

Recloser-sectionalizer-fuse link coordination


If, for example, the backup device is set for a typical two-fast, twodelayed operating sequence, the sectionalizer counts twice on the
first two operations of the recloser and, when the fuse blows on
the first delayed operation of the recloser, counts the third time and
opens. The sectionalizer counts the fuse clearing as the third faultcurrent interruption and erroneously isolates the section between it
and the fuse link (Figure 10).
To properly coordinate a recloser, sectionalizer, and fuse link, the
recloser must be set for one fast followed by three delayed operations.

Therefore, the sum of the two reclosing times cannot exceed but
can be less than 8seconds.

In Figure 11, the sectionalizer counts once on the reclosers fast


operation. The fuse blows while the recloser is timing its first
delayed operation, and the sectionalizer registers its second count.
The fault is removed and, with no further operation, the sectionalizer
and recloser both reset.

F2 =
R1

R2
Sec
10 ___
Max.
Allowable TAT: 28 Seconds

F3 =
Sec
10 ___
Max.

Figure 9. With backup recloser set for 1 fast and 3 delayed operations and sectionalizer set for 3 counts to open, total allowable
accumulated time is 28 seconds.

270-10-8

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 270-10

Type GH hydraulically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Effect of inrush currents on sectionalizer application


One of the principal causes for unwanted and unexpected
sectionalizer operation is inrush current, which is of two basic types:

cold-load pickup;

transformer magnetizing.

Although magnetizing current determined by the connected kVA


is usually a greater factor than cold-load pickup, both types of inrush
current must be considered when applying hydraulically controlled
sectionalizers.

current through the sectionalizer is greater than its actuating rating,


the sectionalizer will arm to count. A second trip operation of the
backup device will cause the sectionalizer to complete its count.

Determining effect of inrush current


To determine if the inrush current will exceed the actuating current
rating of the sectionalizer, calculate the ratio of the actuating current
rating of the sectionalizer to the peak load of the circuit. The lower
the ratio, the higher the possibility of inrush current exceeding the
actuating rating.

If, upon circuit energization, the current through the sectionalizer


exceeds its actuating rating, the sectionalizer will arm to count
immediately.

A. For ratios greater than 10, inrush currents will probably not be
a factor in applying the sectionalizer.
B. For ratios between 10 and 5, inrush currents may be a factor.
To ensure the actuating current rating is not exceeded, a
more accurate determination must be made of the circuit
parameters.

If the current then falls below 40% of the actuating rating, the
sectionalizer will complete the count even though the backup
protective device did not open (Figure12).

C. For ratios of 5 or less, inrush currents will in all probability


exceed the actuating rating; unwanted sectionalizer operation
can be expected.

However, for a fault on the source side of the sectionalizer, the


backup device will trip. If, upon circuit re-energization, the inrush

25 T
ACH

SECT

50 A
2 Fast, 2 Delayed

50 A
3 Counts

Fuse Link

Figure 10. With backup device set for 2-fast, 2-delayed operation, sectionalizer erroneously counts and isolates section.

25 T
ACH

SECT

50 A
1 Fast, 3 Delayed

50 A
3 Counts

Fuse Link

Figure 11. Proper coordination of a recloser, sectionalizer, and fuse link requires recloser to be set for 1-fast, 3-delayed operation.

ACH
FAULT
SECT

Figure 12. If current falls below 40% of actuating rating, sectionalizer will complete the count even though backup protective device
does not open.

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270-10-9

Technical Data 270-10

Type GH hydraulically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Ratings and specifications


Table 6. Voltage Ratings
Nominal system rated voltage (kV rms)

14.4

Rated max voltage (kV rms)

15.0

Rated impulse withstand voltage (BIL; kV crest)

95

60 Hz insulation level withstand


dry, 1 min. (kV rms)

35

wet, 10 sec. (kV rms)

30

Creepage distance, standard bushings (in.)

9-3/4

Table 7. Current Ratings


Short-Time Current Ratings

Continuous
Current
(A)

Interrupting
Load-Break
Current
(A)

Actuating
Current
(A)

Momentary and Making


(asym A)

1 Second
(sym A)

10 Second
(sym A)

308

800

200

60

10

308

16

1600

400

125

15

308

24

2400

600

190

25

308

40

4000

1000

325

35

308

56

6000

1500

450

50

308

80

6500

2000

650

70

308

112

6500

3000

900

100

308

160

6500

4000

1250

140

308

224

6500

4000

1800

Table 8. Weight and Oil Capacity


Weight (lb)

Oil Capacity

Dry

With Oil

(gal)

20

31-1/2

1-1/2

270-10-10

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 270-10

Type GH hydraulically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

143 (5.75)
70 (2.75)

210
(8.25)
A
8 to 2/0 Strd.
Support Lug for
16 (5/8) Pole Bolt

11 (7/16)
Holes (4)
51(2)

35 (1 3/8) Hole

203 (8)
76
(3)

32 (1.25)

Ground Connector
10 Solid to 2 Strd.

127 (5)

32 (1.25)
121
(4.75)

181 (7.25)
Dia.

95 kV BIL
Bushing

Dimensions

Type

Standard

159 (6.25)

305 (12)

508 (20)

17 Creepage

168 (6.5)

362 (14.25)

565 (22.25)

8 to 2/0 Strd.
143 (5.75)
70 (2.75)

210
(8.25)

321
(12.5)
10 (.5)

Support Lug
for 16 (5/8)
Pole Bolt

354 (14)

Ground
Connector
10 Solid to
2 Strd.

51(2)

11 (7/16)
Holes (4)

557 (22)

32 (1.25)

203 (8)
76
(3)

35 (1 3/8) Hole

127 (5)

32 (1.25)
121
(4.75)

181 (7.25)
Dia.

125 kV BIL
Note: All measurements are approximate and are given in mm (inches).

Figure 13. Type GH sectionalizer outline dimensions.

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270-10-11

Technical Data 270-10

Type GH hydraulically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

159
(6.25)
508
(20)

305
(12)

143 (5.75)
89
(3.5)
76
(3)
Ground
Connector
10 Solid
to 2 Strd.

210
(8.25)

225
(8.75)

181 (7.25)
Dia.

Adjustable: 3.25" x 4.25"


to 4" x 5" Crossarm

Figure 14. Mounting sectionalizer to crossarm hanger KA39H.

Eaton
1000 Eaton Boulevard
Cleveland, OH 44122
United States
Eaton.com
Eatons Cooper Power Systems Business
2300 Badger Drive
Waukesha, WI 53188
United States
Cooperpower.com
2014 Eaton
All Rights Reserved
Printed in USA
Publication No. 270-10
May 2014

270-10-12

Eaton, Cooper Power Systems, UltraSIL,


and Evolution are valuable trademarks of
Eaton in the U.S. and other countries. You are
not permitted to use the these trademarks
without the prior written consent of Eaton.

For Eatons Cooper Power


Systems Type GH sectionalizer
product information call
1-877-277-4636 or visit: www.
cooperpower.com.

Technical Data 270-15

Effective May 2014


Supersedes January 1990

Types GN3E and GN3VE


electronically controlled, manually
closed sectionalizers
Description

A sectionalizer is an automatic circuit opening


device. After a circuit has been deenergized by
a backup protective device - such as a recloser
or recloser breaker - a sectionalizer isolates the
faulted portion of a distribution line. After the
fault has been isolated, the rest of the circuit is
returned to service upon reclosure of the backup.
The sectionalizer counts the over-current
interruptions of the backup and can be set to
open after one, two, or three counts have been
registered within a predetermined time span. A
sectionalizer opens during the open interval of the
backup. Although it cannot interrupt faults, it can
be closed into them.
Sectionalizers can be used in place of fuses
or between a reclosing device and a fuse.
They only detect current interruptions above a
predetermined level and have no time-current
characteristics, permitting easy coordination with
other protective devices on the system. They
provide additional protection without adding a
coordination step to the protective scheme.
Sectionalizers provide several advantages over
fuse cutouts:

In addition to application flexibility, they offer


safety and convenience

After a permanent fault, the fault-closing


capability of the sectionalizer greatly simplifies
circuit testing

If a fault is still present, interruption takes place


safely at the backup recloser

Replacement fuse links are not required so the


line can be tested and service restored with
more speed, convenience, and economy

Sectionalizers do not open accidently under


load due to a damaged link

The possibility of error in the selection of the


correct fuse link size and type is eliminated

Sectionalizers provide an economical method


to further improve service on distribution lines
equipped with reclosers or reclosing circuit
breakers by isolating permanent faults, thus
confining outages to smaller sections of line.
Sectionalizers are applied on the load-side of the
fault-interrupting device and count its fault-trip
operations. The open during the first, second,
or third open interval of the backup protective
device, depending upon the coordination scheme
selected. Sectionalizers are not designed to
interrupt fault currents. They can, however, be
closed in against a fault. The sectionalizer will
forget counts that do not reach its counts-to-open
setting due to clearing of temporary faults.

270-15-1

Technical Data 270-15

Types GN3E and GN3VE electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

When properly applied, a sectionalizer will respond to downline


fault currents that ate interrupted by its backup protective device.
However, as with any other protective device, system conditions
may product unexpected and unwanted sectionalizer operation.
Overcurrents interrupted by a downline protective device are one
cause for these occurrences; inrush current is another. Countrestraint and inrush current restraint features are built into the
electronic control to block the sectionalizer's response to these
system conditions.

Summary of ratings
The solid-state electronic control used in the Type GN3E and GN3VE
three-phase sectionalizers provides accurate and reliable operation
down to 16 amps on phase-fault and 3.5 amps on ground- (earth-)
fault detection. Operation is unaffected over a wide range of
ambient temperatures. Basic ratings are shown in Table 1.
The sectionalizer is self-contained. Current transformers- internally
mounted on the bushings - provide power to operate the electronic
control and the trip mechanism. Since these CTs obtain power from
the line, no external source of auxiliary power is required.

Operation
The Type GN3E or GN3VE sectionalizer is a three-phase device that
opens all three phases simultaneously for either a phase or ground
fault or when used as a loadbreak switch. Three sets of oil-insulated
contacts are connected by bellcranks to a common operating
mechanism. A low-energy tripping mechanism-operated by the
electronic control - initiates opening. Opening energy is provided by
springs, charged when the sectionalizer is manually closed.
The sectionalizer senses overcurrent interruptions and opens after
one, two, or three such interruptions have occurred. When a current
above the reset actuating level of the sectionalizer is interrupted by a
backup protective device, a count pulse is generated and registered
in the electronic control. If the preset number of counts is registered
within one minute, the sectionalizer will open during the open inter-

val of the backup device (when no current is flowing in the circuit).


The sectionalizer is completely self-contained. Power to operate
the control and low-energy tripper is obtained from the line through
bushing current transformers (mounted under the head) which
sense the phase- and ground-fault currents. No auxiliary power
supply is required.
The solid-state electronic control provides the operating logic for
automatic opening. Closing is accomplished by manually closing
the yellow operating handle under the sleet hood. The sectionalizer
may also be manually opened with this handle which also provides a
positive visual indication of contact position.

Surge protection
Sectionalizers operate best when protected with surge arresters.
On line applications, arrester protection is recommended on both
sides of the sectionalizer. If protection is to be provided on one side
only, install the arrester on the source side. Eaton's Cooper Power
Systems distribution-class arresters provide excellent protection;
see Catalog 235-99, UltraSIL Polymer-Housed Evolution Surge
Arresters.

Ordering information
When ordering a Type GN3E or GN3VE sectionalizer, include catalog
number and description of basic sectionalizer and the phase and
ground minimum-actuating-current plug-in resistors. A set (one each)
of the phase and ground minimum-actuating-current plug-in resistors
is included in the price of the basic sectionalizer. Also specify the
operating settings for the inrush-current restraint. If accessories and/
or mounting equipment are required, specify by catalog number and
description.

Table 1. Ratings of Types GN3E and GN3VE Sectionalizers


Type

Nominal
Voltage
(kV)

Rated Max Voltage


(kV)

Max Cont. Current


(amps)

Max. Interrupting
Loadbreak Current
(amps)

Max. Momentary and


Making Current
(asymmetrical amps)

BIL
(kV)

GN3E

14.4

15.5

200

440

9000

110

GN3VE

24.9

27

200

440

9000

125

Table 2. Basic Types GN3E and GN3VE Sectionalizers


Description

Catalog Number

Type GN3E sectionalizer set for:


One count to open
Two counts to open
Three counts to open

KGN3EB1
KGN3EB2
KGN3EB3

Type GN3VE sectionalizer set for:


One count to open
Two counts to open
Three counts to open

KGN3VEB1
KGN3VEB2
KGN3VEB3

Table 3. Phase and Ground Minimum Actuating-Current Plug-In Resistors


Type

Minimum Actuating Current Rating (amps)

Catalog Number

Phase

16, 24, 40, 56, 80, 112, 160, 224, 256, 296, or 320

KGN123E_*

Ground

3, 5, 7, 16, 28, 40, 56, 80, 112, 160, 224, 320, or BLO (block)

KGN124E_*

* Complete the catalog number by inserting the value (amps) of the required minimum-actuating current.

Table 4. Operating Settings for Inrush-Current Restraint


Description

Available Settings

Phase-actuating current multiplier

2X, 4X, 6X, 8X, or BLOCK

Phase-inrush reset (duration the phase actuating current is to be raised)

5, 10, 15, or 20 cycles (60 Hz base)

Ground inrush reset (duration the ground sensing is to be blocked)

0.3, 0.7, 1.5, 3.0, or 5.0 seconds

270-15-2

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Types GN3E and GN3VE electronically controlled sectionalizer

Technical Data 270-15


Effective May 2014

Accessories and mounting equipment


Table 5. Bushings: Factory-Installed
Description

Catalog Number

17-inch creepage bushings

KA18GN3

Table 6. Multi-Ratio Bushing-Current Transformers for Field Installation; 600:5 for Metering
Description

Catalog Number

Slip-on bushing current transformer kit; one BCT per kit

KA712L1

Table 7. Mounting Equipment


Description

Catalog Number

Double-crossarm bracket or substation hanger

KA19H3

Broad-side pole-mounting hanger


Type GN3E
Type GN3VE

KA116H3
KGN50E

Surge arrester mounting bracket for KA116H3 hanger

KA126H3

COVER-CLAMPED
BUSHINGS
Wet-process porcelain; can
be replaced in the field.
HEAD CASTING
Cast aluminum; supports the
bushings and operating
mechanism.

MANUAL
OPERATING
HANDLE
Permits manual opening
and closing, indicates
contact position.
LOW-ENERGY TRIPPER
Trips operating mechanism to
open sectionalizer upon
signal from electronic control.
MOVING CONTACTS
Wedge-shaped for positive
engagement; easily
accessible for inspection and
maintenance.
STATIONARY CONTACTS
With arcing tips; easily
accessible for inspection,
cleaning, and replacement.

UNIVERSAL CLAMP-TYPE
TERMINALS
Accept No. 6 solid through
350-MCM stranded copper or
aluminum conductors in a
horizontal or vertical position.
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD
Solid-state electronic control
counts overcurrent
interruptions of the backup
device and actuates the lowenergy tripper after present
number of counts.
INRUSH-CURRENTRESTRAINT CONTROL
CABINET
Houses circuit board for
inrush-current-restraint
feature; provides access to
actuating-current and countsto-trip settings.
O-RING GASKET
Confined under controlled
compression to provide an
effective seal between head
casting and tank.
BUSHING-CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS
Six (one on each bushing);
provide electronic control
with signals proportional to
current flow (both phase and
ground).

Figure 1. Untanked Type GN3E sectionalizer.

www.cooperpower.com

270-15-3

Technical Data 270-15

Types GN3E and GN3VE electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Electronic control
BACKUP OPENS;
CURRENT INTERRUPTED

A functional block diagram of the electronic control circuity is shown


in Figure 2.
Bushing current transformers (BCT) sense the current flowing
through the sectionalizer. Three transformers connected in a wye
(star) configuration sense phase current. Three additional BCTs,
connected in parallel, sense the ground- (earth-) or zero-sequence
current. By selecting the proper plug-in resistors, these signals can
be rectified and adjusted to the desired minimum actuating-current
level.
To generate and register a count pulse, a current above the preset
minimum actuating level must be flowing through the sectionalizer
(downline fault). This overcurrent must drop to zero (fault interrupted
by the backup protective device). The pulse counter provides
storage for up to three pulses. Depending upon the counts-to-open
setting, the tripping circuit will turn on after one, two, or three count
pulses have been registered. When turned on, the tripping circuit
completes the discharge path for the trip-energy-storage capacitors
through the coil of the low-energy tripper which, in turn, trips the
sectionalizer mechanism to open the sectionalizer contacts.
The pulse counter has a 60-second memory for each count. Thus,
the preset number of counts must be registered within one minute
for the sectionalizer to open. The control will reset (completely forget
the registered count pulses that do not reach the preset number)
within seven (7) minutes.
Types GN3E and GN3VE electronic sectionalizers contain a countrestraint feature. This feature prevents the sectionalizer from
counting fault currents interrupted by a downline protective device.
The current restraint will block the generation of a count pulse as
long as at least 3-1/2 amps of load current are flowing through the
sectionalizer after the fault current disappears.
The sectionalizer is also equipped with an inrush-current restraint
feature which distinguishes between inrush current and fault current
by a logic circuit functionally diagrammed in Figure 3.
If an overcurrent is present through the sectionalizer when the
backup protective device opens (current is interrupted), the
overcurrent present upon reclosing is assumed to be fault current
and the sectionalizer control operates in its normal manner. If,
however, there is no overcurrent detected by the sectionalizer when
the current is interrupted, the overcurrent present upon reclosing
is assumed to be inrush current. To prevent the sectionalizer
from counting this inrush current, the fault-level detector circuit
is modified to raise the phase-actuating level by a multiple of
2X, 4X, 6X, or 8X the normal setting (or current detection can
be blocked entirely) for a time (Y) of 5, 10, 15, or 20 cycles after
current flow through the sectionalizer is restored. After this time,
the sectionalizer control returns to normal operating settings. At the

Figure 2. Functional block diagram of electronic control for


Types GN3E and GN3VE sectionalizers.

270-15-4

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WAS CURRENT
ABOVE ACTUATING
LEVEL?
YES

SECTIONALIZER CONTROL
REMAINS AT NORMAL
OPERATING LEVEL

NO

PHASE ACTUATING CURRENT SETTINGS


RAISED X TIMES
STAYS AT RAISED
LEVEL FOR Y CYCLES

GROUND-SENSING CURRENT
BLOCKED FOR 2 SECONDS

Figure 3. Logic diagram for Inrush-current-restraint feature.


same time, ground overcurrent detection is blocked entirely for a
period (Z) of 0.3, 0.7, 1.5, 3, or 5 seconds after current flow through
the sectionalizer is restored.
On multi-grounded-wye systems, the entire transient inrush of a
particular phase could flow in the neutral. Typical settings for groundfault sensing on these systems is one-half or less of phase-fault
sensing. This could result in values at lease twice those necessary
for phase magnitude and duration (X and Y). With the improved
ground-inrush logic, ground sensing is simply blocked for the
duration of the Z selected.

Trip-energy storage capacitors


The control is powered by the load and/or fault current flowing
through the sectionalizer. This also charges the trip-energy-storage
capacitors. For most cases, the charging time of the capacitors
(Figure 4) is less than the clearing time of the three-phase reclosers
from Eaton's Cooper Power Systems with which the GN3E and
GN3VE sectionalizers are specifically intended to coordinate. Some
recloser fast-trip curves may have a faster clearing time at their
low end than the capacitor charging time. These exceptions are
listed in Table 8 (Phase Trip Coordination) and Table 9 (Ground Trip
Coordination).
To verify proper coordination between the sectionalizer and its
backup protective device, the charge time of the trip-energy-storage
capacitors (Figure 4) can be plotted against the clearing-time curve
of the backup device. Note that the capacitor charge-time curve is
plotted in amps, not in % of minimum actuating current.

Figure 4. Charging time for trip-energy storage capacitors.

Technical Data 270-15

Types GN3E and GN3VE electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Count-restraint feature

which operate a trip lever (Figure 7).

The count-restraint feature blocks the sectionalizer from generating


a count pulse as long as some load current flows through the
sectionalizer. Thus, the sectionalizer does not count or operate when
a load-side device interrupts the overcurrent.

When the sectionalizer is closed, the solenoids's plunger is held


by the magnetic force produced by the permanent magnet. In this
position, the compressed spring is acting to release the plunger.

Figure 5 show a typical application with the sectionalizer located


between two reclosers.

During the opening operation, the trip-energy-storage capacitors are


connected across the coil of the solenoid. The counter-magnetic flux

For a fault (F1) beyond the load-side recloser (ACR2), only the loadside recloser operates. The sectionalizer does not generate a count
because the load current through the sectionalizer is not interrupted.
For a load-side fault (F2) interrupted by the souce-side recloser
(ACR1), the sectionalizer counts the fault interruption since the load
current through the sectionalizer is interrupted.
The count-restraint feature is designed to operate with a minimum
of 3-1/2 amps load current through the sectionalizer. It is a standard
feature of all GN3E and GN3VE electronically controlled sectionalizer.

ACR
1

ACR
2

SECT
F2

F1

Figure 5. Typical application of sectionalizer located between


two reclosers.

Inrush-current restraint feature


One of the principal causes for unwanted sectionalizer operation is
inrush current. If the backup device interrupts a fault on the downline side of the sectionalizer, the sectionalizer will generate and register a count pulse in the normal manner. If the fault is interrupted
by a downline protective device, the count-restraint feature will block
the generation of a count pulse if at least 3-1/2 amps of uninterrupted load current flows through the sectionalizer.
For a fault on the source-side of the sectionalizer (Figure 6), the
backup device will trip and deenergize the circuit. However, if upon
circuit renergization, the inrush current through the sectionalizer is
greater than its minimum actuating current setting, a second trip
operation of the backup device will defeat the count-restraint feature
(load current is interrupted) and cause the sectionalizer to generate
and register a count.
The inrush-current restraint feature distinguishes between inrush
current and fault current by means of a logic circuit previously
described. It prevents false counting and operation of the
sectionalizer due to inrush currents through the sectionalizer during
operation of the source-side protective device.

ACR
F

SECT

Figure 6. Typical application showing a fault on the source-side


of the sectionalizer.

Low-energy tripping mechanism


The low-energy tripping mechanism operated from the electronic
control, initiates the automatic-opening operation. The mechanism
consists of a permanent magnet, and a solenoid and coil assembly

Figure 7. Low-energy tripping mechanism.

produced by the discharge of the capacitors is great enough for the


compressed spring to override the net magnetic force, pull down the
plunger to operate the trip lever, and open the sectionalizer contacts.
As the sectionalizer contacts are opened, the spring-biased reset
lever of the tripping mechanism is released to return the solenoid
plunger and reset the assembly for the next opening operation.

Application requirements
The following basic coordination principles should be observed in
the application of Types GN3E and GN3VE electronically controlled
sectionalizers:
1. For both phase and ground currents, the minimum actuatingcurrent setting of the sectionalizer should be approximately 80%
of the minimum trip-current setting of the backup recloser or
recloser breaker.
2. The counts-to-open setting of the sectionalizer must be at least
one less than the number of operations to lockout of the backup
device.
3. Total accumulated time (TAT) for the operation of the backup
fault-interrupting device must not exceed one minute between
each operation. TAT is counted from the backup device's first trip
operation to the trip operation which causes the sectionalizer to
open.
4. To assure that the trip-energy-storage capacitors are fully
charged before the backup trips, the clearing time of the backup
device must be greater than the charging time of the trip-energystorage capacitors. The charging time-current curve for the tripenergy-storage capacitors is shown in Figure 4.
5. To operate the count-restraint feature, a minimum of 3-1/2 amps
of load current must normally flow through the sectionalizer.
6. The momentary and short-time ratings of the sectionalizer must
not be exceeded.
7. Three-phase sectionalizers must be used with backup breakers
or reclosers in which all three phases open simultaneously. The
counting functions of the sectionalizer do not recognize a signal
as originating in a particular phase, but total the overcurrent
interruptions in all three phases. Non-simultaneous three-phase
tripping of the backup device could result in the sectionalizer
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270-15-5

Technical Data 270-15

Types GN3E and GN3VE electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

interrupting fault current in one or more phases.


8. Application on multi-grounded-wye systems generally required
ground-fault sensing and inrush-current restraint. Setting the
phase actuating level to the ground setting of the backup device
may result in erroneous counts due to inrush currents and incorrect opening of the sectionalizer for source-side faults.

The typical sectionalizer settings shown in these illustrations are


identical for both applications since they are based on the settings of
the backup device.
To prevent false operation, the inrush-restraint function should be
programmed so that:

Application of inrush-current restraint

1. The Multiplier setting exceeds the expected inrush current (coldload pickup and/or transformer magnetizing);

Sectionalizers can be applied where the main feeder is divided into


two feeders close to the substation (Figure 8). Inrush current will be
a problem here, since the load current (and connected transformer
capacity) if close to the operating settings of the sectionalizer.

2. The inrush current decays to below the normal actuating current


setting of the sectionalizer within the duration of the Reset
setting.

A sectionalizer may also be applied to protect an important branch


which may be carrying only a small portion of the total load
(Figure 9). Although this example will result in fewer inrush-current
problems than the previous application, inrush-current considerations
should not be ignored here.

110-AMP LOAD
320-AMP
PHASE-ACTUATING-CURRENT
SECT

BACKUP
RECLOSER
OR
BREAKER

112-AMP
GROUND-ACTUATING-CURRENT

200-AMP
PEAK
LOAD
320-AMP
PHASE-ACTUATING-CURRENT

SECT

SETTINGS:
400-AMP - PHASE TRIP
140-AMP - GROUND TRIP

112-AMP
GROUND-ACTUATING-CURRENT
90-AMP LOAD

Figure 9. Sectionalizer application: Main Feeder is divided into


two feeders close to the substation.

BACKUP
RECLOSER
OR
BREAKER
200-AMP
PEAK
LOAD

SETTINGS:
400-AMP - PHASE TRIP
140-AMP - GROUND TRIP

20-AMP LOAD

SECT

320-AMP
PHASE-ACTUATING-CURRENT
112-AMP
GROUND-ACTUATING-CURRENT

Figure 10. Sectionalizer application: Sectionalizer protects a


branch which carries only a small portion of the total load.

270-15-6

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Sectionalizer settings
For proper sectionalizer operation, the following settings must be
specified on the order:

Minimum phase-actuating current

Minimum ground-actuating current

Number of overcurrent counts to open

Multiple of phase minimum-actuating current

Duration of raised phase current sensing

Duration of ground current-sensing block

Minimum-actuating current
To assure that the sectionalizer will sense and count every fault-trip
operation of its backup protective device, the minimum-actuating
phase- and ground-trip setting should be approximately 80% of the
comparable minimum-trip values of the backup device. However, in a
few instances, the lower end of the back-up recloser's fast-trip curve
may be faster than the charging time of the trip-energy-storage
capacitor, and proper coordination may not be attained.
The minimum-trip levels of the recloser fast curves in question and
the comparable minimum-actuating levels of the sectionalizer to
attain proper coordination are listed in Tables 8 and 9. Below these
levels, the Type GN3E and GN3VE sectionalizer may not count the
fast-curve operation.
Table 8. Phase Trip Coordination
Recloser Type

Recloser MinimumTrip Current (amps)

Sectionalizer
Minimum-Actuating
Current (amps)

W, WV, VW, VWV27

100 (A Curve)

80

WE, WVE, VWE, VSVE27

100 (A Curve)

80

Table 9. Ground-Trip Coordination


Minimum-Trip Current
(amps

Sectionalizer
Minimum-Actuating
Current (amps)

Hydraulic recloser with


KA510R hydraulic groundtrip accessory

110 (1 Curve)

80

Hydraulic recloser with


KA1144R electronic
ground-trip accessory

100 (1 Curve)
50 (2 Curve)
20 (3 Curve)
10 (4 Curve)

80
40
16
7

Electronic recloser with


ground-trip on ME Control

100 (1 Curve)
50 (4 Curve)

80
40

Device

Types GN3E and GN3VE electronically controlled sectionalizer

Technical Data 270-15


Effective May 2014

The minimum actuating-current level is determined by plug-in


resistors located on the inrush-current-restraint circuit board housed
in the control cabinet (Figure 10).
The available minimum actuating-current-level values for both phase
and ground have been selected to coordinate with the more popular
recloser trip settings. The following values are available for phase
sensing: 16, 24, 40, 56, 80, 112, 160, 224, 256, 296, and 320 amps.
For ground sensing, the values available are 3.5, 5, 7, 16, 28, 40, 56,
80, 112, 160, 224, and 320 amps.
Note: If the backup protective device does not include ground-fault trip, a
dummy plug-in resistor is used to deactivate the ground-sensing circuits
of the sectionalizer control. See Ordering Information for proper catalog
number.

Figure 10. Sectionalizer settings are located on the printed


circuit board in the control cabinet.

Number of counts to open


The number of overcurrent counts to open should be at least one
less than the number of trips to lockout of the backup device. One,
two, or three counts are available.
This setting is determined by attaching the jumper wire to the proper
terminal tab on the same printed-circuit board that holds the phase
and ground plug-in resistors (Figure 10).
Inrush-current restraint Whenever circuit logic determines that
the over-current is inrush current, this feature raises the minimum
phase-actuating-current level of the sectionalizer by a multiple X
(2, 4, 6, or 8 times) or blocks overcurrent detection entirely for a
period of time Y (5, 10, 15, or 20 cycles) after current flow through
the sectionalizer is restored. At the same time, ground overcurrent
detection is also blocked entirely for a period Z (0.3, 0.7, 1.5, 3, or 5
seconds). To operate effectively, the values selected for X, Y, and Z
should exceed the time-current parameters of the expected inrush
currents.
With the inrush-current restraint set on BLOCK for phase-sensing
and the ground-sensing circuit normally operating on block, the
sectionalizer will not count a system fault interrupted by the backup
device within the block time span.
The settings for raising the phase-current-actuating level, the duration of this raised level, and the duration of ground-current block are
made by attaching jumper wires to the proper terminal tabs on the
inrush-current-restraint circuit board. This circuit board is housed in
the control cabinet at the back of the sectionalizer (Figure 10).

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270-15-7

Technical Data 270-15

Types GN3E and GN3VE electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Ratings and specifications


Table 10. Basic Data for Types GN3E and GN3VE Sectionalizers
Description

Type GN3E

Type GN3VE

Nominal operating voltage (kV rms)

14.4

24.9

Max rated voltage (kV rms)

15.5

27

Impulse withstand (BIL) 1.2 x 50 sec wave (kV crest)

110

125

dry, 1 min. (kV rms)

50

60

wet, 10 sec. (kV rms)

45

50

Rated continuous current (amps)

200

200

Rated symmetrical load interrupting current (rms amps)

440

440

Rated making current (rms amps; asymmetrical)

9000

9000

Short-time ratings (rms amps)


10 sec, symmetrical
1 sec, symmetrical
Momentary, max, asymmetrical

2600
5700
9000

2600
5700
9000

60 Hz withstand (KV rms)

Table 11. Control Data for Types GN3E and GN3VE Sectionalizers
Minimum Actuating-Current Settings (amps)
Phase-Sensing

Ground-Sensing

Number of Counts to Open

Memory Time* (sec)

Reset Time** (minutes)

16, 24, 40, 56, 80, 112,


160, 224, 256, 296, 320

3.5, 7, 16, 28, 40, 56, 80, 112, 160, 224,


320

1, 2, or 3

60

* Period of time sectionalizer will retain its count.


** Time required for all count retention to be lost for sectionalizer control operations that do not total the required number of counts to open.

Dimensions and weights

Figure 13. Dimensions for Types GN3E and GN3VE.

270-15-8

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Types GN3E and GN3VE electronically controlled sectionalizer

Technical Data 270-15


Effective May 2014

Figure 14. KA19H3 double-crossarm bracket.

www.cooperpower.com

270-15-9

Technical Data 270-15

Types GN3E and GN3VE electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Table 12. Weights and Oil Capacity

Figure 15. KA116H3 pole-mounting frame for GN3E and KGN50E polemounting frame for Type GN3VE sectionalizers.

270-15-10

www.cooperpower.com

Sectionalizer
Type

Without Oil
(lb)

With Oil (lb)

Oil Capacity
(gal)

GN3E

156

250

12-1/2

GN3VE

166

260

12-1/2

Types GN3E and GN3VE electronically controlled sectionalizer

Technical Data 270-15


Effective May 2014

www.cooperpower.com

270-15-11

Technical Data 270-15

Types GN3E and GN3VE electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Eaton
1000 Eaton Boulevard
Cleveland, OH 44122
United States
Eaton.com
Eatons Cooper Power Systems Business
2300 Badger Drive
Waukesha, WI 53188
United States
Cooperpower.com
2014 Eaton
All Rights Reserved
Printed in USA
Publication No. 270-15
May 2014

270-15-12

Eaton and Cooper Power Systems are valuable


trademarks of Eaton in the U.S. and other
countries. You are not permitted to use the
these trademarks without the prior written
consent of Eaton.

For Eatons Cooper Power


Systems Types GN3E and
GN3VE sectionalizer product
information call 1-877-277-4636
or visit: www.cooperpower.
com.

Effective May 2014


Supersedes May 2002

Technical Data 270-20

Types GV and GW electronically


controlled sectionalizer

TYPE GV
14.4 kV

TYPE GW
34.5kV

Sectionalizers are automatically controlled circuitopening devices which isolate a faulted portion of
a circuit after the circuit has been deenergized by
a primary protective device, such as a recloser or
reclosing circuit breaker. After the fault has been
isolated, the rest of the circuit can be returned to
service.

Because it has no time-current characteristic, a


sectionalizer has distinct application advantages.

It can be applied between two protective


devices having operating curves which
are close together. This is a vital feature
in a location where an additional step in
coordination is not practical or possible.

Design and application

It can be used on close-in taps where high


available fault current prevents coordination
with fuses.

A sectionalizer cannot interrupt faults but can be


closed in against them without being damaged.
It senses the overcurrents which are interrupted
by the backup protective device and will open
during the first, second, or third open interval
of the circuit. Since the sectionalizer does not
require a time-current base for its operation, it is
easily coordinated with other protective devices
on the system. It provides an additional step of
protection without adding a coordinating step to
the protective scheme.

270-20-1

Technical Data 270-20

Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Sectionalizers provide several advantages over fuse cutouts. In


addition to application flexibility, they offer safety and convenience.
After a permanent fault, the fault-closing capability of the
sectionalizer greatly simplifies testing the circuit and, if the fault is
still present, interruption takes place safely at the backup recloser.
Replacement fuse links are not required; thus the line can be
tested and service restored with far more speed, convenience, and
economy. Also the possibility of error in the selection of the right
size and type of replacement fuse link is eliminated.

Ordering information

To improve service continuity and provide more reliable coordination


with backup protective devices, the Type GV and GW sectionalizers
include the following operating features:

Specify sectionalizer catalog number:


Type GV sectionalizer
KGVA
Type GW sectionalizer
KGWA

Ground-fault sensing enables the sectionalizer to coordinate with


ground fault tripping reclosers or breakers.
Inrush-current restraint prevents false counting due to inrush
currents that may occur when a circuit is reenergized.
Count-restraint prevents counting overcurrents interrupted by
downline protective devices.
Count reset provides fast reset of the sectionalizer count memory
after successful circuit recloser to better coordinate with backup
protective devices.

When ordering Type GV or GW sectionalizers, include catalog


number and description of basic sectionalizer and the phase and
ground minimum-actuating-current plug-in resistors. Also specify
the operating settings of the sectionalizer If accessories and/or
mounting equipment are required, specify by catalog number and
description.

Basic sectionalizer

Minimum-actuating-current
Specify minimum-actuating-current resistors by catalog number:
Phase minimum-actuating-current resistor
KA176GV___
(Select from 16,24,40,56,80,112,160,224,256,296,320,448,480
or 640 amps)
Ground minimum-actuating-current resistor
KA177GV___
(Select from 3.5,7,16,20,28,40,56,80,112,160,224,320 amps or
BLO [Block])

Operating settings
Specify the following operating settings:

SOURCE
SECTIONALIZER

1. Number of counts to open: 1, 2, or 3.


LOAD

RECLOSER

FAULT
LOAD

2. Count reset time: 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, or 180 seconds.

Accessories
Sectionalizer accessories are listed in Table 1 by description and
catalog number. They are applicable to both Types GV and GW
sectionalizers unless otherwise noted.

Table 1. Sectionalizer Accessories

Mounting equipment

Description

Catalog Number

3-stage auxiliary switch (6 independent contacts)*

KA46GV3

17-in creepage distance bushings for Type GV

KA170GV1

Low-voltage fuse

KA198GV

Summary of ratings

Slip-on bushing current transformer for Type GW (for field


installation only) (three cts per kit)

KA712L2-3

The Type GV and GW electronically controlled, manually closed,


three-phase sectionalizers are rated as follows:

* Supplied with one "a" contact (normally open) and one "b" contact (normally closed) per stage
unless specified otherwise.

Sectionalizer hangers are listed in Table 2 by description and catalog


number.

Type GV 14.4 kV nominal, 400 amps continuous, 110 kV BIL

Type GW 34.5 kV nominal, 400 amps continuous, 150 kV BIL

The continuous current rating is independent of the minimum


actuating current setting of the sectionalizer control.
Table 2. Sectionalizer Hangers
Description

Catalog Number

For GV Sectionalizer
Double crossarm bracket or substation hanger

KA19H3

Pole hanger, broadside mounting

KA116H3

Surge arrester mounting bracket for KA116H3 hanger

KA126H3

For GW Sectionalizer
Single-pole suspension hanger*

KA146W3

Surge arrester mounting bracket for KA146W3 hanger

KA126H3

* Tank lifting windlass for single-pole suspension hanger, KA146W2, cannot be used with Type GW
sectionalizer.

270-20-2

www.cooperpower.com

Also, the operating settings do not affect the capability of the


sectionalizers to withstand the full short-circuit rating of 15,000
amps asymmetrical. Both units have a maximum interrupting rating
of 880 amps.

Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer

Technical Data 270-20


Effective May 2014

LIFTING LUGS (2)


Facilitate balanced hoisting
during installation
BUSHINGS
Of strong wet process
porcelain are cover-clamped

ALUMINUM HEAD CASTING


Lightweight, never needs
painting

UNIVERSAL CLAMP TYPE


TERMINALS
Accept No. 6 solid through
350 MCM copper or
aluminum conductor for
either horizontal or vertical
connection

VENTED DIPSTICK
For checking level of
insulating oil in tank;
is vented to allow tank
to breathe under all
atmospheric conditions
TANK MOUNTING RAILS
Will fit pole mounting and
substation mounting brackets
(GV only)

OPERATOR CABINET
Houses operating
mechanism and electronic
control

Figure 1. External features of electronically controlled sectionalizer.

Features and detailed description


Sectionalizers are an economical method of further improving
service on distribution lines equipped with reclosers or reclosing
circuit breakers. They isolate permanent faults and confine outages
to smaller sections of line.
Sectionalizers are applied on the load side of a fault-interrupting
device and count its fault-trip operations. They open during the
first, second, or third open interval of the fault-interrupting device,
depending upon the coordination scheme selected. Sectionalizers
are not designed to interrupt fault currents. They can, however, be
closed in against a fault. The sectionalizer can forget counts that do
not reach its counts-to-open setting due to clearing of temporary
faults.

houses the control. In both Type GV and GW sectionalizers, fault


currents are sensed by internally mounted,1000:1 ratio, bushing-type
current transformers.
Phase and ground minimum-actuating-current levels are determined
by individual plug-in type resistors. All other operating parameters
are selected by means of programmable selector switches located
on the control circuit board.

When properly applied, a sectionalizer will respond to downline


fault currents that are interrupted by its backup protective device.
However, as with any other protective device, system conditions
may produce unexpected and unwanted sectionalizer operation.
Overcurrents interrupted by a downline device are one cause for
these occurrences; inrush current is another. Count restraint and
inrush-current-restraint features are built into the electronic control
to block the sectionalizers response to these system conditions.
All three phases of the sectionalizer are actuated by a common shaft
connected to an actuator located in an external cabinet which also

www.cooperpower.com

270-20-3

Technical Data 270-20

Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

BUSHING CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS (PHASE)
Provide the current signal to
operate phase-fault-sensing
O-RING GASKET
Reusable, resilient and
oil-proof, confined under
controlled pressure to
provide positive seal
between head casting and
tank

BUSHING CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS (GROUND)
Provide the zero sequence
current signal to operate
ground-fault-sensing
STATIONARY CONTACTS
Segmented tulip-type,
spring loaded, self-cleaning
wiping action maintains good
surface contact
MOVING CONTACTS
Double break, silver plated
resistant to arc erosion selfcleaning wiping action

Figure 2. Internal details of Type GV sectionalizer.

BUSHING CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS (GROUND)
Provide the zero sequence
current signal to operate
ground-fault-sensing
BUSHING CURRENT
TRANSFORMERS (PHASE)
Provide the current signal to
operate phase fault sensing

O-RING GASKET
Reusable resilient and
oil-proof; confined under
controlled pressure to
provide positive seal
between head casting and
tank
STATIONARY CONTACTS
Include arcing and load
contacts; silver plated for
efficient current transfer,
erosion due to arcing does
not affect load carrying
contacts
MOVING CONTACTS
Double break silver plated,
self-cleaning wiping action

Figure 3. Internal details of Type GW sectionalizer.

270-20-4

www.cooperpower.com

Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer

Technical Data 270-20


Effective May 2014

OPERATIONS COUNTER
(UNDER SLEETHOOD)
Three-digit, easy-to-read
mechanical counter records
each opening operation of
the sectionalizer
TRIPPING MECHANISM
Uses low-energy tripper
energized from electronic
control; no need for auxiliary
power source
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD
Compactly mounts the
components of the electronic
control

POTENTIAL CHARGER FOR


TRIP CAPACITOR
Used when faster charging
times are required to
coordinate with recloser fasttiming curves, requires 120
Vac for operation

MANUAL TRIP ROD


Hookstick operated, one
operation trips charged
opening springs to open
recloser

CONTACT POSITION
INDICATOR
Colored yellow, visible from
ground on pole mounted
device to indicate open or
closed contacts
MANUAL CLOSING
MECHANISM
Uses mechanical lever and
ratchet arrangement that
permits safe closing against
a fault up to the momentary
rating of the sectionalizer

CT PROTECTOR BOARD
Automatically limits the CT
open circuit voltages to nondestructive levels if control
circuit board is removed
MANUAL CLOSING ROD
Hookstick operated; only
means of closing sectionalizer
must be operated 12-14 times
to charge and trip closing
springs and close sectionalizer
contacts; also charges opening
springs
CABINET HEATER
15 watts, for humidity
control, requires 120 Vac
power for operation

Figure 4. Operating mechanism and electronic control.

www.cooperpower.com

270-20-5

Technical Data 270-20

Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Description of operation

ONE-COUNT TO
OPEN LEVER

Mechanical operation
The sectionalizer consists of three sets
of oil-insulated contacts linked with
bell-cranks to a common shaft which is
connected to the mechanism housed in
the operator cabinet. Opening is initiated
by a low-energy tripper mechanism
operated by the electronic control. Actual
opening energy is provided by springs
which are charged when the sectionalizer
is manually closed. Closed and open
positions are indicated by a red pointerlike flag; contact opening operations are
registered on a three-digit counter both
are located under the sleet hood of the
operator cabinet.
The sectionalizer is manually closed by
pulling down the spring-biased, gray,
pull ring 12 to 14 times with a hookstick
(Figures 5 and 7). The sectionalizer can be
manually opened by operating the yellow
pull ring once (Figures 5 and 6). Both
rings are clearly labeled. The sectionalizer
can be programmed to open on the first
overcurrent count by pulling down the onecount-to-open lever located underneath
the operator cabinet between the two pull
rings (Figures 5 and 8).

Figure 6. Opening sectionalizer with


hookstick.

270-20-6

www.cooperpower.com

PROVISION FOR
INSTALLING
AUXILIARY
SWITCH WIRING
RECEPTACLES

120 VAC INPUT


RECEPTACLE
(mating plug also
furnished)

MANUAL
OPENING
PULLRING
MANUAL CLOSING
PULLRING

Figure 5. Operating controls on bottom of operator cabinet.

Figure 7. Closing sectionalizer with


hookstick.

Figure 8. Operating one-count-to-open


lever with hookstick.

Technical Data 270-20

Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

GROUND
CURRENTSENSING
CTS

GROUNDMINIMUMACUTUATING
CURRENT

GROUND
FAULT
DETECTOR
LOW
ENERGY
TRIPPER

INRUSH
BLOCK
INRUSH
LOGIC

PULSE
GENERATOR

PULSE
COUNT
STORAGE

TRIP
CIRCUIT

PULSE
COUNT
RESET

TRIP
CAPACITOR

INRUSH
RESTRAINT

PHASE
CURRENTSENSING
CTS

PHASEMINIMUMACTUATING
CURRENT

PHASE
FAULT
DETECTOR

COUNT RESTRAINT
POWER
SUPPLY

Figure 9. Functional block diagram for Types GV and GW sectionalizers.

Electronic control operation

disappearance of fault current.

A functional block diagram of the electronic circuitry is shown in


Figure 9.

The control is also equipped with an inrush-current restraint feature


which distinguishes between inrush current and fault current by a
logic circuit functionally diagrammed in Figure 10.

Current flowing through the sectionalizer is sensed by the bushingcurrent transformers. Three transformers connected in a wye (star)
configuration sense phase currents. Another three bushing-current
transformers connected in parallel sense the ground (earth) or zerosequence current. These signals are rectified and are adjusted to
the desired minimum-actuating-current level by the selection of the
proper plug-in resistors.
To generate and register a count pulse, a current above the presetminimum-actuating level must be flowing through the sectionalizer
(downline fault) and this overcurrent must drop to zero (fault
interrupted by the backup protective device). The pulse counter
provides storage for up to three pulses. Depending upon the countsto-open setting, the tripping circuit will turn on after one, two, or
three count pulses have been registered. When turned on, the
tripping circuit completes the discharge path for the trip-energystorage capacitors through the coil of the low energy tripper which,
in turn, trips the sectionalizer mechanism to open the sectionalizer
contacts.

If an overcurrent is present through the sectionalizer when the


backup protective device opens (current is interrupted), the
overcurrent present upon reclosing is assumed to be fault current
and the sectionalizer operates in the normal manner as previously
described. If, however, there is no overcurrent detected by the
sectionalizer when the current is interrupted, the overcurrent
present upon reclosing is assumed to be inrush current. To prevent
the sectionalizer from counting this inrush current, the fault level
detector circuit is modified to block the phase and ground actuating
levels for a time of three seconds after current flow through
the sectionalizer is restored. Upon expiration of this time, the
sectionalizer control returns to normal operating settings.

The pulse count reset will erase any stored pulse counts whenever
load current through the sectionalizer flows without interruption for
longer than the reset time programmed.
A count-restraint feature is built into the control of Types GV and
GW sectionalizers to prevent the sectionalizer from counting fault
currents interrupted by a downline protective device. The current
restraint will block the generation of a count pulse as long as at least
5 amps of load current is flowing through the sectionalizer after the

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270-20-7

Technical Data 270-20

Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

BACKUP OPENS;
CURRENT INTERRUPTED

WAS CURRENT
ABOVE ACTUATING
LEVEL?
YES

SECTIONALIZER CONTROL
REMAINS AT NORMAL
OPERATING LEVEL

NO

PHASE AND GROUND


ACTUATING CURRENT SETTINGS
BLOCKED FOR 3 SECONDS

Figure 10. Logic diagram for inrush-current restraint feature


(both phase and ground currents).

The control is powered by the load and/or fault current flowing


through the sectionalizer which also charges the trip energy storage capacitors. For most cases the charging time of the capacitors
(Figure 11) is less than the clearing time of Eaton's Cooper Power
Systems three-phase reclosers with which the GV-GW sectionalizers are designed to coordinate. Some recloser fast trip curves may
have a faster clearing time at their low current end than the capacitor charging time. These exceptions are listed in Table 3 (Phase Trip
Coordination) and Table 4 (Ground Trip Coordination).
For these exceptions a voltage charging feature is built into the
sectionalizer control as standard which requires a 120-Vac auxiliary
power source (25 w min). The potential charger will fully charge
the trip capacitor in less than 25 milliseconds (approximately 1-1/2
cycles).
Proper coordination between the sectionalizer and its backup
protective device can be verified by plotting the charge time of the
trip-energy-storage capacitors (Figure 11) against the clearing time
curve of the backup device. Note that the capacitor charge time
curve is plotted in amps, not percent of minimum trip.

Voltage-restraint feature
When energized at 120 Vac, the voltage charging board provides fast
charging times for the trip energy storage capacitors. It also acts
as a voltage restraint; the sectionalizer will not count an overcurrent
interruption of the protective device unless the voltage at the
control is also interrupted.

Figure 11. Charging time for trip energy storage capacitors.

270-20-8

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 270-20

Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Count-restraint feature

Inrush-current-restraint feature

The count-restraint feature blocks the sectionalizer from generating


a count pulse as long as some load current flows through the
sectionalizer. Thus the sectionalizer does not count or operate when
a load-side device interrupts the overcurrent.

A principal cause for unwanted sectionalizer operation is inrush


current. For a fault on the downline side of the sectionalizer
interrupted by the backup device, the sectionalizer will generate
and register a count pulse in the normal manner. If the fault is
interrupted by a downline protective device, the count-restraint
feature will block the generation of a count pulse if at least 5 amps
of uninterrupted load current flows through the sectionalizer.

In a typical application, the sectionalizer is located between two


reclosers as shown in Figure 12.
For a fault (F1) beyond the load-side recloser (ACR2), only the loadside recloser operates. The sectionalizer does not generate a count
because the load current through the sectionalizer is not interrupted.
For a load-side fault (F2) interrupted by the source-side recloser
(ACR1) the sectionalizer counts the fault interruption since the load
current through the sectionalizer is interrupted.
The count-restraint feature is designed to operate with a minimum
of 5 amps load current through the sectionalizer. It is a standard
feature of Types GV-GW electronically controlled sectionalizers.

ACR
1

ACR
2

SECT
F2

F1

Figure 12. Sectionalizer located between two reclosers.

For a fault on the source side of the sectionalizer (Figure 13), the
backup device will trip and deenergize the circuit. However, if upon
circuit reenergization, the inrush current through the sectionalizer
is greater than its minimum-actuating-current setting, a second trip
operation of the backup device will defeat the count-restraint feature
(load current is interrupted) and cause the sectionalizer to generate
and register a count.
The inrush-current-restraint feature distinguishes between inrush
current and fault current by means of a logic circuit previously
described under Electronic Control Operation. It prevents false
counting and operation of the sectionalizer due to inrush currents
through the sectionalizer during operation of the source-side
protective device for faults on other parts of the circuit.

Response-time feature
For backfed motor contribution and unsymmetrical clearing of upline
faults, a response time is built into the sectionalizer control to
eliminate unwanted counting of these situations. Upon detection of
any current above the phase or ground actuating setting, the current
must exceed the response-time characteristics as illustrated in
Figure 14. Total clearing time of reclosers and breakers must exceed
the response time characteristic of the sectionalizer.

ACR
F

SECT

Figure 13. Sectionalizer with source-side fault.

Figure 14. Maximum response-time characteristics.

www.cooperpower.com

270-20-9

Technical Data 270-20

Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Application requirements

Sectionalizer settings

The following basic coordinating principles should be observed in the


application of the electronically controlled sectionalizer.

For proper operation the following operating settings must be


specified.

1. The minimum actuating current setting of the sectionalizer


should be no greater than 80 percent of the minimum trip
current setting of the backup recloser or reclosing breaker for
both phase and ground currents.

1. Minimum-phase-actuating current.

2. The counts-to-open setting of the sectionalizer must be at least


one less than the number of operations to lockout of the backup
device.

4. Reset time.

2. Minimum-ground-actuating current.
3. Number of counts to open.
All operating settings are programmed on the control circuit board in
the operator mechanism cabinet (Figure 17).

3. The count reset time of the sectionalizer control must be greater


than the reset time of the backup protective device.
4. The minimum clearing time of the backup device must be
greater than the charging time of the trip-energy storage
capacitors to assure that the capacitors are fully charged before
the backup trips. See Minimum Actuating Current.
5. To operate the count-restraint feature, a minimum of 5 amps of
load current must normally flow through the sectionalizer.
6. The momentary and short time ratings of the sectionalizer must
not be exceeded.
7. Three-phase sectionalizers must be used with backup breakers
or reclosers in which all three phases open simultaneously. The
counting functions of the sectionalizer do not recognize a signal
as originating in a particular phase, but totals the overcurrent
interruptions in all three phases. Nonsimultaneous three-phase
tripping of the backup could result in the sectionalizer interrupting
fault current in one or more phases.
8. Application on multigrounded wye systems generally requires
ground fault sensing and inrush-current-restraint. Setting the
phase actuating level to the ground setting of the backup device
may result in erroneous counts due to inrush currents and
incorrect opening of the sectionalizer for source-side faults.

110-AMP LOAD
320-AMP
PHASE-ACTUATING-CURRENT
SECT

BACKUP
RECLOSER
OR
BREAKER

112-AMP
GROUND-ACTUATING-CURRENT

200-AMP
PEAK
LOAD

SETTINGS:
400-AMP - PHASE TRIP
140-AMP - GROUND TRIP

SECT

320-AMP
PHASE-ACTUATING-CURRENT
112-AMP
GROUND-ACTUATING-CURRENT
90-AMP LOAD

Figure 15. Sectionalizer application where two feeders of


system are protected.

9. Ground fault actuating settings should be set at or above peak


loading at the sectionalizer location. This will prevent sectionalizer
sensing system unbalance during upline phase-to-ground faults
which generate system imbalances.

Application of inrush-current-restraint
Sectionalizers can be applied where the main feeder is divided into
two feeders close to the substation as shown in Figure 15.
Here, loads are likely to be reasonably equally divided. Sectionalizers
may also be applied to protect an important branch which may be
carrying only a small portion of the total load as shown in Figure 16.
The inrush current restraint has been designed to provide optimum
protection from in-rush currents. No settings are required as pick-up
values will be blocked during inrush conditions. This allows flexibility
in the application without concern for increased connected loading
on the system.
The sectionalizer is blocked for three seconds to allow for decay of
magnetizing inrush, system imbalance, and initial inductive loading
after long reclose intervals.

270-20-10

www.cooperpower.com

BACKUP
RECLOSER
OR
BREAKER
200-AMP
PEAK
LOAD

SETTINGS:
400-AMP - PHASE TRIP
140-AMP - GROUND TRIP

20-AMP LOAD

SECT

320-AMP
PHASE-ACTUATING-CURRENT
112-AMP
GROUND-ACTUATING-CURRENT

Figure 16. Sectionalizer application where one branch system is


protected.

Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer

Technical Data 270-20


Effective May 2014

Minimum actuating current


To assure that the sectionalizer will sense and
count every overcurrent trip operation of its
backup protective device, the minimum actuating
current settings for phase and ground should be
approximately 80% of the comparable minimum
trip values of the backup device. However, in
a few instances the lower current end of the
backup reclosers fast trip curve may be faster
than the charging time of the trip energy storage
capacitor and proper coordination may not be
attained.
The minimum trip levels of the recloser fast
curves in question and the comparable minimum
actuating levels at which recloser-sectionalizer
coordination can be attained are listed in Tables 3
and 4. Below these levels the sectionalizer may
not count the fast trip operations.

PHASE MINIMUM
ACTUATING CURRENT
RESISTOR

COUNT RESET

NUMBER OF COUNTS TO
OPEN

GROUND-MINIMUMACTUATING CURRENT
RESISTOR

Coordination below the levels shown in Tables 3


and 4 can be achieved by energizing the potential
capacitor charger. With 120-Vac auxiliary power
supplied to the sectionalizer, the trip capacitors
are fully charged in less than 25 milliseconds
(approximately 1-1/2 cycles). The potential
capacitor charger, and its 120-Vac input plug
and receptacle are standard features of the
sectionalizer.
The minimum-actuating-current level is
determined by plug-in resistors on the printed
circuit board of the electronic control (Figure 17).
The available minimum actuating current level
values for both phase and ground have been
selected to coordinate with the more popular
recloser trip settings. For phase sensing, the
following values are available: 16, 24, 40, 56, 80,
112, 160, 224, 256, 296, 320, 448, 480, and 640
Figure 17. Operating characteristics of the sectionalizer are programmed on the
amps. For ground sensing, the following values
printed circuit board of the control.
are available: 3.5, 7, 16, 20, 28, 40, 56, 80, 112,
160, 224, and 320 amps. Each resistor is labeled
and its function (phase or ground) and with its
minimum trip rating in amps.
NNote: If the backup does not include ground fault tripping, a dummy plug-in
resistor, labeled BLOCK, is used to deactivate the ground sensing circuit of
the sectionalizer control. See ordering Information for proper catalog number.

Number of counts to open


The number of counts to open the sectionalizer should be no more
than one less than the number of trips to lockout of the backup
device. One, two, or three counts are available. This setting is
determined by the position of the COUNTS TO OPEN selector
switch (Figure 17).

Count reset
This feature resets to zero any accumulated counts whenever current below the minimum trip level flows through the sectionalizer
uninterrupted for longer than the programmed time. Count reset
will operate with any current flow from minimum load (5 amps)
to minimum actuating. To properly coordinate with its backup, the
count reset time selected must be greater than the reset time of
the backup.
Reset times of 15, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 180 seconds are available.
This setting is determined by the position of the COUNT RESET
selector switch (Figure 17).
NNote: The count will also reset to zero whenever the sectionalizer is opened
either manually or automatically.

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270-20-11

Technical Data 270-20

Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Table 3. Phase Trip Coordination

Recloser Type

Recloser
Minimum Trip
Current (amps)

Sectionalizer
Minimum
Actuating Current
(amps)

R, RX, RV, W, WV, VW, VWV

100"A" Curve

80

RE, RXE, RVE, WE, WVE, VWE, VWVE

100"A" Curve

80

Minimum Trip Current


(amps)

Sectionalizer
Minimum
Actuating Current
(amps)

Table 4. Ground Trip Coordination

Device

Hydraulic recloser with KA510R hydraulic ground trip accessory

110"1" Curve

80

Hydraulic recloser with KA1144R or KA1219R* electronic ground trip accessory

100"1" Curve

80

50"2" Curve

40

20"3" Curve

16

10"4" Curve

100"1" Curve

80

50"4" Curve

40

Type GV

Type GW

Electronic recloser with ground trip on

ME control

*Inverse curves must be compared to Figure 12 for proper coordination.

Ratings and specifications


Table 5. Basic Sectionalizer Ratings
Nominal voltage (kV)

14.4

34.5

Maximum design voltage (kV)

15.5

38.0

Impulse withstand 1.2 x 50 microsecond wave (BIL) (kV)

110

150

Dry, 1 minute (kV)

50

70

Wet, 10 seconds (kV)

45

60

Continuous current rating (amps)

400

400

Rated symmetrical interrupting current (amps rms)

880

880

Rated making current, asymmetrical (amps rms)

15000

15000

10-seconds symmetrical

3500

3500

1-second symmetrical

60 Hz withstand

Short-time ratings (amps rms)


10000

10000

Momentary maximum, asymmetrical (amps rms)

15000

15000

Creepage distance, standard bushing (in )

11

26-1/2

Table 6. Operating Data


Phase-minimum-actuating current (amps)

16, 24, 40, 56, 80,112,160, 224, 256, 296, 320, 448,
480, 640

Ground-minimum-actuating current (amps)

3.5, 7,16, 20, 28, 40, 56, 80, 112, 160, 224, 320, BLOCK

Number of counts to open

1, 2, 3

Count reset (seconds)

15, 30, 60, 90, 120, 180

270-20-12

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Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer

Technical Data 270-20


Effective May 2014

Dimensional information

Figure 18. Type GV sectionalizer.

Figure 19. Type GW sectionalizer.

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270-20-13

Technical Data 270-20


Effective May 2014

Figure 20. Mounting hardware for Type GV sectionalizer.

270-20-14

www.cooperpower.com

Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer

Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer

Technical Data 270-20


Effective May 2014

Figure 21. Type GW sectionalizer in KA146W3 suspension hanger.

www.cooperpower.com

270-20-15

Technical Data 270-20

Types GV and GW electronically controlled sectionalizer

Effective May 2014

Eaton
1000 Eaton Boulevard
Cleveland, OH 44122
United States
Eaton.com
Eatons Cooper Power Systems Business
2300 Badger Drive
Waukesha, WI 53188
United States
Cooperpower.com
2014 Eaton
All Rights Reserved
Printed in USA
Publication No. 270-20
May 2014

270-20-16

Eaton and Cooper Power Systems are valuable


trademarks of Eaton in the U.S. and other
countries. You are not permitted to use the
these trademarks without the prior written
consent of Eaton.

For Eatons Cooper Power


Systems GV and GW
sectionalizer product
information call 1-877-277-4636
or visit: www.cooperpower.
com.

Technical Data 280-05

Effective August 2013


Supersedes October 2012

General ratings information and


catalog guide for single-phase and
three-phase reclosers

Contents
Description Page
Description Page
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temporary faults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recloser classifying features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recloser: single-phase or three-phase . . . . . . . . .
Single-phase reclosers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-phase reclosers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recloser ratings summary.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Single-phase tripping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Three-phase tripping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controls: hydraulic or electronic . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hydraulic controls. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic controls.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Current sensing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microprocessor-based controls . . . . . . . . . . . . .

2
2
2
2
2
2
3
4
4
4
4
4
4
4

Interrupting medium: oil or vacuum . . . . . . . . . . . 5


Oil interrupters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Vacuum interrupters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Recloser application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Application criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Coordination with other devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Dual timing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Distribution circuit with reclosers diagram. . . . . 6
Recloser operating sequence of fault. . . . . . . . . 7
Ratings Tables
Ratings for single-phase, hydraulically controlled
reclosers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Ratings for single-phase, electronically controlled
reclosers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Ratings for three-phase, hydraulically controlled
reclosers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Ratings three-phase, electronically controlled
reclosers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

280-05-1

Technical Data 280-05

General ratings and catalog guide for single-and


three-phase reclosers

Effective August 2013

Description

Recloser: single-phase or three-phase

Automatic circuit reclosers are recognized by electric utilities


throughout the world as an essential device for achieving their
prime goal: providing maximum continuity of electric service to their
customers simply and economically.

Both single- and three-phase reclosers are available to satisfy


application requirements.

Reclosers sense and interrupt fault currents and automatically


restore service after momentary outage.

Single-phase reclosers, as shown in Figure 1 and 2, are used to


protect single-phase lines such as branches or taps of a three-phase
feeder. They can also be used on three-phase circuits where the load
is predominantly single-phase. Thus, when a permanent phase-toground fault occurs, one phase can be locked-out while service is
maintained to the remaining two-thirds of the system.

The automatic circuit recloser is essentially a self-contained device


with the necessary intelligence to sense overcurrents to time and
interrupt fault currents and to re-energize the line by reclosing
automatically. If a fault is permanent, the recloser locks open after
a preset number of operations (usually three or four), isolating the
faulted section from the main part of the system.

Single-phase reclosers

Three-phase reclosers
Two types of three-phase reclosers are available:

Temporary faults
Extensive studies of overhead distribution systems have established
that approximately 80 to 95 percent of all system faults are
temporary in nature and, at most, last from only a few cycles to a
few seconds.

Single-Phase tripping

Three-Phase tripping

Typical causes of these temporary faults are:


Windblown conductors touching one another.

Lightning surges flashing over an insulator.

Birds, reptiles, or small animals bridging between an energized


line and a grounded surface.

Tree branches touching energized lines.

Switching surges that flash over an insulator.

Based on statistics and observations, the need for a trip-and-reclose


function was readily recognized; that is, if the line could be tripped
open momentarily, a subsequent reclosure very likely would be
successful because, by then, the cause of the fault would be gone.
Thus, the automatic circuit recloser, in providing this trip-and-reclose
function, virtually eliminates prolonged outages on distribution
systems due to temporary faults or transient overcurrent conditions.

Recloser classifying features

Figure 2. SPEAR single-phase, electronically controlled


recloser.

Major classifying features of automatic circuit reclosers are:


Single-phase or three-phase

Control: hydraulic or electronic

Interrupters: oil or vacuum

Insulation: oil, air, or epoxy

Table 1 contains a detailed listing of reclosers currently


manufactured by Eatons Cooper Power Systems.

Figure 3. NOVA triple-single, electronically controlled recloser.

Figure 1. Type H single-phase, hydraulically controlled recloser.


280-05-2

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 280-05

General ratings information and catalog guide for single-and


three-phase reclosers

Effective August 2013

Table 1. Recloser Ratings Summary (See Tables 25 for more detailed ratings data)
Voltage
Rating
(kV)
Single-Phase

2.4 - 14.4

24.9

24.9 - 34.5

Max. Cont.
Current
Rating
(A)

Interrupting
Rating
(sym A at
max. voltage)

Interrupting
Medium

Control

Recloser
Type

50
100
200
280
280
560
400
630
800
100
280
280
400
630
800
560
400
630
800

1250
2000*
2000*
4000*
6000
10000*
8000
12500
12500
2500
4000
6000
8000
12500
12500
8000
8000
12500
12500

Oil
Oil
Vacuum
Oil
Vacuum
Oil
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Oil
Oil
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Oil
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum

Hydraulic
Hydraulic
Hydraulic
Hydraulic
Hydraulic
Hydraulic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Hydraulic
Hydraulic
Hydraulic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Hydraulic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic

H
4H
V4H
L
V4L
D
SPEAR15-8
SPEAR15-12
SPEAR15-12
E
4E
V4E
SPEAR27-8
SPEAR27-12
SPEAR27-12
DV
SPEAR38-8
SPEAR38-12
SPEAR38-12

100
200
400
560
560**
560
560
560**
600
630**
800
800
800
630**
630**
1200
400
560
560**
560
560**
560
630**
630**
630**
400
560
560**
560
560**
560**
560**
630**
630**
630**

2000*
2000*
8000
10000*
10000*
12000
12000
12000
12000
12500
12000
16000
20000
12500
12500
20000
8000
8000
8000
12000
12000
12000
12500
12500
12500
8000
8000
8000
12000
12000
12000
16000
12500
12500
12500

Oil
Oil
Vacuum
Oil
Oil
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Oil
Oil
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Oil
Oil
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum
Vacuum

Hydraulic
Hydraulic
Electronic
Hydraulic
Electronic
Hydraulic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Hydraulic
Electronic
Hydraulic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Hydraulic
Electronic
Hydraulic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic
Electronic

6H
V6H
NOVA-TS-15-8
W
WE
VW
PWE***
VWE
VSA12B
NOVA 15
VSA12
VSA16
VSA20
NOVA-TS-15-12
NOVA STS-15
VSA20A
NOVA-TS-27-8
WV27
WVE27
VWV27
VWVE27
PWVE***
NOVA 27
NOVA-TS-27-12
NOVA STS-27
NOVA-TS-38-8
WV38X
WVE38X
VWV38X
VWVE38X
VSO12
VSO16
NOVA 38
NOVA-TS-38-12
NOVA STS-38

Three-Phase

2.4 - 14.4

24.9

34.5

* Interrupting rating will be higher at lower voltage as shown in expanded tables.


** Continuous current rating can be extended to 800 A with an accessory.
*** For pad-mounted installation.
16.0 kA option is also available.
www.cooperpower.com

280-05-3

Technical Data 280-05


Effective August 2013

General ratings and catalog guide for single-and


three-phase reclosers

Figure 4. NOVA STS single-tank, triple-single electronically


controlled recloser

Single-phase tripping
The triple-single reclosers, shown in Figures 3 and 4, have three
modes of operation:

Three-phase trip and three-phase lockout. All three phases


simultaneously trip on an overcurrent, reclose and sequence
together.
Single-phase trip and three-phase lockout. Each phase operates
independently for overcurrent tripping and reclosing. If any phase
sequences to lockout condition (due to permanent fault), or if
lockout is locally or remotely asserted, the other two phases
trip open and lock out. Thus, extended single-phase energization
of three-phase loads is prevented.
Single-phase trip and single-phase lockout. Each individual phase
trips and sequences to lockout independent of each other. This
is primarily for residential loads and/or where single-phasing of
three-phase loads is protected by other means.

Another configurable option is also available to trip and lockout all


three phases in the event of a phase-to-phase or three-phase fault.
Should a phase-to-phase or three-phase fault be detected on the
system, all three reclosers will trip and lockout whenever any one
phase sequences to lockout. Three-phase lockout occurs if a multiple
phase fault is present as the recloser advances to lockout.

Three-phase tripping
There are various types of three-phase tripping reclosers available
to improve system reliability. The recloser selection is based upon
electrical ratings required, interrupting and insulation medium, and
the selection of hydraulic or electronic control.

Three-phase trip and three-phase lockout. Larger reclosers such


as the units shown in Figures 5 and 6, use this mode. For any
faultsingle-phase-to-ground, phase-to-phase, or three-phaseall
contacts open simultaneously for each trip operation. The three
phases, mechanically linked together for tripping and reclosing,
are operated by a common mechanism.

Controls: hydraulic or electronic


The intelligence that enables a recloser to sense overcurrents, select
timing operation, time the tripping and reclosing functions, and
finally lockout is provided by its control. There are two basic types of
control schemes used: an integral hydraulic control or an electronic
control located in a separate cabinet.

Hydraulic controls
Hydraulic recloser control is used in most single-phase reclosers
and in three-phase recloser types 6H, V6H, W, VW, WV27, VWV27,
WV38X, and VWV38X. It is built as an integral part of the recloser.
With this type of control, an overcurrent is sensed by a trip coil
280-05-4

www.cooperpower.com

Figure 5. NOVA three-phase,


electronically controlled
recloser.

Figure 6. Type VSA20A vacuum,


three-phase, air-insulated,
electronically controlled
recloser.

that is connected in series with the line.


When the overcurrent flows through the coil, a plunger is drawn into
the coil to trip open the recloser contacts. Timing and sequencing
are accomplished by pumping oil through separate hydraulic
chambers or ducts.
For smaller reclosers, the reclosing energy is provided by springs
that are charged by the series trip-coil plunger during overcurrent
operation.
Larger reclosers are closed from a separate closing solenoid that is
energized by line potential from the source side of the recloser.

Electronic controls
Eatons Cooper Power Systems electronic recloser controls are used
in most three-phase reclosers and in the single-phase SPEAR recloser
control. Compared with the hydraulic control, they are more flexible,
more easily customized and programmed, and many have advanced
protection, metering, and automation functionality.
The electronic control is housed in a cabinet separate from the
recloser and conveniently permits changes to operational settings. A
wide range of accessories is available to customize the basic operation, solving many application problems.

Current sensing
Line current is sensed by special sensing current transformers in the
recloser. The recloser and control are connected by a multi-conductor
control cable that carries sensing transformer secondary currents to
the control and the necessary trip and close signals from the control
to the recloser.

Microprocessor-based controls
Eatons Cooper Power Systems offers numerous electronic controls
that can be used in conjunction with its broad line of electronically
controlled reclosers.
The Form 6 control, see Figures 7 and 8, provides maximum protective
hardware design and simple interactive graphical interfaces for
complete user customization. All standard control operating parameters,
including minimum trip levels, time-current curve selection, and
sequences of recloser operation, are keyboard programmable.
This control utilizes a powerful PC-based interface software to
configure control settings, record metering information, and
establish communication parameters. It also provides analysis
tools that include fault locating, event recording, and oscillography
functions.

General ratings information and catalog guide for single-and


three-phase reclosers

Technical Data 280-05


Effective August 2013

Figure 7. Form 6-TS pole-mount recloser control (left). Form 6


pole-mount recloser control (right).

Figure 10. Eatons Cooper Power Systems vacuum interrupter.

Vacuum interrupters
Vacuum interrupters provide fast, low-energy arc interruption
with long contact and interrupter life, low mechanical stress, and
maximum operating safety. With arc interruption taking place in a
vacuum, contact and interrupter life far exceeds other interrupting
media.
Figure 8. Form 6 rack-mount recloser control.

Eatons Cooper Power Systems vacuum interrupters (Figure 10) are


designed with a metal and ceramic housing for maximum strength
and long-term vacuum integrity. The high-alumina ceramic has
more than five times the strength of glass, which permits a higher
processing temperature to develop maximum purity of the assembly,
and is impervious even to helium penetration to sustain the vacuum
level.
With over 40 years of experience, Eatons Cooper Power Systems is
a world leader in the design and manufacture of vacuum interrupters
for use in distribution switchgear. A state-of-the-art vacuum
interrupter clean room manufacturing facility ensures the production
of very high quality interrupters that provide long and trouble-free
operating life.
Depending on type, a vacuum recloser may use either oil, air, or
epoxy as the insulating medium.

Recloser application
Figure 9. SPEAR recloser control.

For more information on the Form 6 control, refer to Bulletin B28008010 and for the SPEAR recloser control, refer to Bulletin B28013004.

Interrupting medium: oil or vacuum


Reclosers use either oil or vacuum as the interrupting medium.

Oil interrupters
Reclosers using oil for current interruption use the same oil for basic
insulation. Most reclosers with hydraulic control (except the W-group
reclosers) also use the same oil for timing and counting functions.

Reclosers can be used anywhere on a distribution system where


recloser ratings are adequate for system requirements. Locations for
reclosers are:

In substations as the primary feeder protective device.

On distribution lines at a distance from a substation, to


sectionalize long feeders and thus prevent outages of the entire
feeder when a permanent fault occurs near the end of the feeder.

On important taps of main feeders to protect the main feeder


from interruptions and outages due to faults on the taps.

Application criteria
To properly apply automatic circuit reclosers, five major factors must
be considered:
1. System voltage. System voltage will be known. The recloser must
have a voltage rating equal toor greater thansystem voltage.
www.cooperpower.com

280-05-5

Technical Data 280-05

General ratings and catalog guide for single-and


three-phase reclosers

Effective August 2013

2. Maximum fault current available at the recloser location.


Maximum fault current will be known or can be calculated. The
recloser interrupting must be equal toor greater thanthe
maximum available fault current at the recloser location.

farther down the line is selected to coordinate with it as shown in


Figure 11.

3. Maximum load current. The recloser continuous current rating


must be equal toor greater thananticipated circuit load. For
series-coil-type reclosers, the coil size can be selected to match
the present load current, the anticipated future load current, or
the substation transformer capacity. Minimum-trip current is
nominally twice the coil continuous-current rating.

Automatic circuit reclosers have dual-timing capabilities; that is,


the first fault-current interruptions (one or more) are performed in
accordance with a fast or instantaneous timing characteristic (no
intentional time delay) and the remaining interruptions are performed
in accordance with a predetermined time delay.

Dual timing

The first operations are as fast as possible in order to clear


temporary faults before any line damage can occur. If the fault is
permanent, the time-delay operation allows the down-line device
either another recloser or a fuseto clear first.

4. For electronically controlled reclosers, minimum-trip current must


be greater than any anticipated peak load. Generally, a trip-current value of at least twice the expected load current is used.
5. Minimum-fault current within the zone to be protected. Minimum
fault current that might occur at the end of the line section must
be checked to confirm that the recloser will sense and interrupt
this current.

Recloser-to-recloser coordination is achieved primarily by selecting


different coil sizes or trip values with further coordination possible
by different time delays or sequences. To coordinate a recloser with
a downline fuse, the fuse link size should be selected to coordinate
with the recloser fast and time-delay curves.

6. Coordination with other protective devices on both the source


and the load sides of the recloser.

Figure 12 shows a typical recloser operating sequence-to-lockout for


a permanent fault.

Coordination with other devices

A recloser operating on its fast curve should clear a temporary fault


before the fuse link can be damaged. When on its time-delay curve,
a recloser operation should be more delayed than the fuse-link
clearing time, allowing the fuse to clear permanent faults without
tripping the recloser.

After the first four application factors have been satisfied,


coordination of the recloser with both the source- and the load-side
devices must be determined. Proper selection of time delays and
sequences is vital to assure that any momentary interruption or
longer-term outage due to faults is restricted to the smallest possible
section of the system.
Generally, recloser timing and sequences are selected to coordinate
with the source-side devices. After the size and sequence of the
required recloser has been determined, the protective equipment

SUBSTATION
3

A
HIGH-SIDE
FUSE

THREE-PHASE
LINES

C
B

D
D

Figure 11. Typical line diagram of distribution circuit showing application of reclosers.

280-05-6

www.cooperpower.com

TRANSFORMER
69 - 14.4 KV
RECLOSERS:
A. 3 RECLOSER PROTECTING FEEDER
LEAVING SUBSTATION.*
B. 3 LINE RECLOSER FOR
SECTIONALIZING LONG LINE.*
C. 3 RECLOSER FOR TAP WITH
LARGER LOAD.*
D. 1 RECLOSER FOR SMALLER
1 TAP.
*1 reclosers may be substituted
if system considerations permit
1 lockout.

SINGLE-PHASE
LINES

Technical Data 280-05

General ratings information and catalog guide for single-and


three-phase reclosers

FAULT
CURRENT

FAST OPERATIONS
(CONTACTS CLOSED)

Effective August 2013

TIME-DELAY OPERATIONS
(CONTACTS CLOSED)

LOAD CURRENT
(CONTACTS CLOSED)

RECLOSER
LOCKOUT
(CONTACTS
OPEN)

FAULT
INITIATED

RECLOSING INTERVALS
(CONTACTS OPEN)

TIME

Figure 12. Recloser operating sequence when a permanent fault occurs.

Table 2. Single-Phase, Hydraulically Controlled Reclosers


Recloser
Type

Nominal
Voltage (kV)

BIL (kV)

Max. Cont.
Current
Rating (A)

Interrupting
Medium

For Detailed
Description and
Ordering Information
See Catalog Section

Trip-Coil
Rating
(cont. A)

Min. Trip
Rating
(A)

Interrupting Rating
(rms sym A)

10

125

10

20

250

15

30

375

25

50

625

35

70

875

50

100

1250
4.8 kV

8.32 kV

14.4 kV

10

200

200

200

2.4 kV thru 14.4 kV

4H

V4H

24.4-14.4

2.4-14.4

2.4-14.4

95

110

110

50

100

200

Oil

Oil

Vacuum

10

20

400

400

400

15

30

600

600

600

25

50

1000

1000

1000

35

70

1400

1400

1400

50

100

2000

2000

2000

70

140

2800

2500

2000

100

200

3000

2500

2000

10

200

200

200

10

20

400

400

400

15

30

600

600

600

25

50

1000

1000

1000

35

70

1400

1400

1400

50

100

2000

2000

2000

70

140

2800

2500

2000

100

200

3000

2500

2000

140

280

3000

2500

2000

200

400

3000

2500

2000

Recloser

Mountings

280-10

280-10

280-10

280-10

280-10

280-10

* Trip rating is 140% of X coil ratings, all others are 200%.

www.cooperpower.com

280-05-7

Technical Data 280-05

General ratings and catalog guide for single-and


three-phase reclosers

Effective August 2013

Table 2. Single-Phase, Hydraulically Controlled Reclosers (continued)

Recloser
Type

V4L

Nominal
Voltage
(kV)

2.4 - 14.4

2.4 - 14.4

2.4 -14.4

BIL
(kV)

110

110

110

Max. Cont.
Current
Rating
(A)

280

280

560

Interrupting
Medium

Oil

50
70
100
140
200
280
400
560

Vacuum

25
35
50
70
100
140
170
200
280

50
70
100
140
200
280
340
400
560

Oil

70X
100
100X
140
140X
160
185
225
280
280X
400
400X
560
560X

100*
200
140*
280
200*
320
370
450
560
400*
800
560*
1120
750*

5
10
15
25
35
50
70
100
50
70
100
140
170
200
280

10
20
30
50
70
100
140
200
100
140
200
280
340
400
560

24.9

150

100

Oil

4E

24.9

150

280

Oil

280-05-8

www.cooperpower.com

Min. Trip
Rating
(A)

25
35
50
70
100
140
200
280

* Trip rating is 140% of X coil ratings, all others are 200%.

Trip-Coil
Rating
(cont. A)

For Detailed
Description and
Ordering Information
See Catalog Section

Interrupting Rating
(rms sym A)

4.8 kV
8.32 kV
1500
1500
2100
2100
3000
3000
4200
4200
6000
5000
6000
5000
6000
5000
6000
5000
2.4 thru 14.4 kV
1500
2100
3000
4200
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
4.8 kV
8.32 kV
3000
3000
6000
6000
4200
4200
8400
8400
6000
6000
9600
9600
11100
10000
12000
10000
12000
10000
12000
10000
12000
10000
12000
10000
12000
10000
12000
10000
24.9 kV
300
600
900
1500
2100
2500
2500
2500
3000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000

Recloser

14.4 kV
1500
2100
3000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000

14.4 kV
3000
6000
4200
8400
6000
9600
10000
10000
10000
10000
10000
10000
10000
10000

Mountings

280-10

280-10

280-10 and
Bulletin
89007

280-10

280-20

280-20

280-10

280-10

280-10

280-10

Technical Data 280-05

General ratings information and catalog guide for single-and


three-phase reclosers

Effective August 2013

Table 2. Single-Phase, Hydraulically Controlled Reclosers (continued)

Recloser
Type

V4E

DV

Nominal
Voltage
(kV)

24.9

Max. Cont.
Current
Rating
(A)

BIL
(kV)

150

24.9-34.5

280

150

560

Interrupting
Medium

Trip-Coil
Rating
(cont. A)

Min. Trip
Rating
(A)

Vacuum

15
25
35
50
70
100
140
170
200
280

30
50
70
100
1410
200
280
340
400
560

Oil

70X
100
100X
140
140X
160
185
225
280
280X
400
400X
560
560X

100*
200
140*
280
200*
320
370
450
560
400*
800
560*
1120
750*

For Detailed
Description and
Ordering Information
See Catalog Section

Interrupting Rating
(rms sym A)

Recloser

24.9 kV
900
1500
2100
3000
4200
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000
24.9 thru 34.5 kV
3000
6000
4200
8000
6000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000

Mountings

280-10 and
Bulletin
91036

280-10

280-10

280-10

* Trip rating is 140% of X coil ratings, all others are 200%.

Table 3. Single-Phase, Electronically Controlled Reclosers

Recloser
Type

Nominal
Voltage
(kV)

BIL
(kV)

Max. Cont.
Current
Rating
(A)

For Detailed Description and


Ordering Information
See Catalog Section
Interrupting
Medium

SPEAR15-8
SPEAR15-12
SPEAR15-12

2.44-14.4

110*

400
630
800

Vacuum

SPEAR27-8
SPEAR27-12
SPEAR27-12

24.9

125**

400
630
800

Vacuum

SPEAR38-8
SPEAR38-12
SPEAR38-12

34.5

170

400
630
800

Vacuum

Interrupting Rating
(rms sym A)

2.4 thru 14.4 kV


8000
12500
12500
24.9 kV
8000
12500
12500
34.5 kV
8000
12500
12500

Recloser

Electronic
Control

Mountings

280-101

280-101

S280-101-1

280-101

280-101

S280-101-1

280-101

280-101

S280-101-1

* 125 kV BIL accessory option available


** 150 kV BIL accessory option available

www.cooperpower.com

280-05-9

Technical Data 280-05

General ratings and catalog guide for single-and


three-phase reclosers

Effective August 2013

Table 4. Three-Phase, Hydraulically Controlled Reclosers

Recloser
Type

Nominal
Voltage
(kV)

BIL
(kV)

Max. Cont.
Current
Rating
(A)

Interrupting
Medium

6H*

2.4-14.4

110

100

Oil

V6H*

2.4-14.4

110

200

Vacuum

2.4-14.4

110

560

Oil

Trip-Coil
Rating
(cont. A)

5
10
15
25
35
50
70
100
5
10
15
25
35
50
70
100
140
200
5
10
15
25
35
50
70
70X
100
100X
140
140X
160
160X
185
185X
200
225
225X
280
280X
400
400X
560
560X

* Phases trip individually on overcurrent, but trip and lock out all three phases at the final step in sequence.
Other reclosers operate all three phases simultaneously under all conditions.
** Trip rating is 140% of X coil ratings, all others are 200%.

280-05-10

www.cooperpower.com

Min. Trip
Rating
(A)

Interrupting Rating
(rms sym A)

10
20
30
50
70
100
140
200
10
20
30
50
70
100
140
200
280
400
10
20
30
50
70
100
140
100**
200
140**
280
200**
320
225**
370
260**
400
450
315**
560
400**
800
560**
1120
750**

4.8 kV
200
400
600
1000
1400
2000
2800
3000
200
400
600
1000
1400
2000
2800
3000
3000
3000
300
600
900
1500
2100
3000
4200
3000
6000
4200
8400
6000
9600
6750
11100
7800
12000
12000
9450
12000
12000
12000
12000
12000
12000

8.32 kV
200
400
600
1000
1400
2000
2500
2500
200
400
600
1000
1400
2000
2500
2500
2500
2500
300
600
900
1500
2100
3000
4200
3000
6000
4200
8400
6000
9600
6750
10000
7800
10000
10000
9450
10000
10000
10000
10000
10000
10000

For Detailed
Description and
Ordering Information
See Catalog Section
Recloser

14.4 kV
200
400
600
1000
1400
2000
2000
2000
200
400
600
1000
1400
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000
300
600
900
1500
2100
3000
4200
3000
6000
4200
8400
6000
9600
6750
10000
7800
10000
10000
9450
10000
10000
10000
10000
10000
10000

Mountings

280-10

S280-85-1

280-10

S280-85-11

280-30

S280-85-1
S280-85-2

Technical Data 280-05

General ratings information and catalog guide for single-and


three-phase reclosers

Effective August 2013

Table 4. Three-Phase, Hydraulically Controlled Reclosers (continued)

Recloser
Type

VW

VW27

Nominal
Voltage
(kV)

2.4-14.4

24.9

BIL
(kV)

110

150

Max. Cont.
Current
Rating
(A)

560

560

Interrupting
Medium

Trip-Coil
Rating
(cont. A)

Min. Trip
Rating
(A)

Vacuum

5
10
15
25
35
50
70
70X
100
100X
140
140X
160
160X
185
185X
200
225
225X
280
280X
400
400X
560
560X

10
20
30
50
70
100
140
100**
200
140**
280
200**
320
225**
370
260**
400
450
315**
560
400**
800
560**
1120
750**

Oil

5
10
15
25
35
50
70
70X
100
100X
140
140X
160
160X
185
185X
225
225X
280
280X
400
400X
560
560X

10
20
30
50
70
100
140
100**
200
140**
280
200**
320
225**
370
260**
450
315**
560
400**
800
560**
1120
750**

Interrupting Rating
(rms sym A)

14.4 kV
300
600
900
1500
2100
3000
4200
3000
6000
4200
8400
6000
9600
6750
11100
7800
12000
12000
9450
12000
12000
12000
12000
12000
12000
24.9 kV
300
600
900
1500
2100
3000
4200
3000
6000
4200
8000
6000
8000
6750
8000
7800
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000

For Detailed
Description and
Ordering Information
See Catalog Section
Recloser

Mountings

280-30

S280-85-1
S280-85-2

280-30

S280-85-1
S280-85-2

* Phases trip individually on overcurrent, but trip and lock out all three phases at the final step in sequence.
Other reclosers operate all three phases simultaneously under all conditions.
** Trip rating is 140% of X coil ratings, all others are 200%.
www.cooperpower.com

280-05-11

Technical Data 280-05

General ratings and catalog guide for single-and


three-phase reclosers

Effective August 2013

Table 4. Three-Phase, Hydraulically Controlled Reclosers (continued)

Recloser
Type

Nominal
Voltage
(kV)

BIL
(kV)

Max. Cont.
Current
Rating
(A)

Interrupting
Medium

Trip-Coil
Rating
(cont. A)

Min. Trip
Rating
(A)

Interrupting Rating
(rms sym A)

For Detailed
Description and
Ordering Information
See Catalog Section
Recloser
Mountings

24.9 kV

VWV27

VWV38X

24.9

34.5

125

150

560

560

Vacuum

5
10
15
25
35
50
70
70X
100
100X
140
140X
160
160X
185
185X
200
225
225X
280
280X
400
400X
560
560X

10
20
30
50
70
100
140
100**
200
140**
280
200**
320
225**
370
260**
400
450
315**
560
400**
800
560**
1120
750**

Vacuum

5
10
15
25
35
50
70
70X
100
100X
140
140X
160
160X
185
185X
200
225
225X
280
280X
400
400X
560
560X

10
20
30
50
70
100
140
100**
200
140**
280
200**
320
225**
370
260**
400
450
315**
560
400**
800
560**
1120
750**

* Phases trip individually on overcurrent, but trip and lock out all three phases at the final step in sequence.
Other reclosers operate all three phases simultaneously under all conditions.
** Trip rating is 140% of X coil ratings, all others are 200%.
280-05-12

www.cooperpower.com

300
600
900
1500
2100
3000
4200
3000
6000
4200
8400
6000
9600
6750
11100
7800
12000
12000
9450
12000
12000
12000
12000
12000
12000
34.5 kV
300
600
900
1500
2100
3000
4200
3000
6000
4200
8400
6000
9600
6750
11100
7800
12000
12000
9450
12000
12000
12000
12000
12000
12000

280-30

S280-85-1
S280-85-2

280-30

S280-85-1
S280-85-2

Technical Data 280-05

General ratings information and catalog guide for single-and


three-phase reclosers

Effective August 2013

Table 4. Three-Phase, Hydraulically Controlled Reclosers (continued)

Recloser
Type

VWV38X

Nominal
Voltage
(kV)

34.5

BIL
(kV)

170

Max. Cont.
Current
Rating
(A)

560

Interrupting
Medium

Oil

Trip-Coil
Rating
(cont. A)

5
10
15
25
35
50
70
70X
100
100X
140
140X
160
160X
185
185X
225
225X
280
280X
400
400X
560
560X

Min. Trip
Rating
(A)

Interrupting Rating
(rms sym A)

10
20
30
50
70
100
140
100**
200
140**
280
200**
320
225**
370
260**
450
315**
560
400**
800
560**
1120
750**

34.5 kV
300
600
900
1500
2100
3000
4200
3000
6000
4200
8400
6000
8000
6750
8000
7800
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000
8000

For Detailed
Description and
Ordering Information
See Catalog Section
Recloser

280-30

Mountings

S280-85-1
S280-85-2

* Phases trip individually on overcurrent, but trip and lock out all three phases at the final step in sequence.
Other reclosers operate all three phases simultaneously under all conditions.
** Trip rating is 140% of X coil ratings, all others are 200%.

www.cooperpower.com

280-05-13

Technical Data 280-05

General ratings and catalog guide for single-and


three-phase reclosers

Effective August 2013

Table 5. Three-Phase, Electronically Controlled Reclosers

Recloser
Type

WE

Nominal
Voltage
(kV)

2.4 - 14.4

BIL
(kV)

110

Max.
Cont.
Current
Rating
(A)

560**

For Detailed Description


and Ordering Information
See Catalog Section
Interrupting
Medium

Oil

Interrupting Rating
(rms sym A)

4.8 kV

8.32 kV

14.4 kV

12000

10000

10000

Reclosers

Electronic
Control

Mountings

280-40

Bulletin
B280-08010

S280-85-1
S280-85-2

Bulletin
B280-08010
Bulletin
B280-08010
Bulletin
B280-08010
Bulletin
B280-08010
Bulletin
B280-08010
Bulletin
B280-08010
Bulletin
B280-08010
Bulletin
B280-08012
Bulletin
B280-08010
Bulletin
B280-08012
Bulletin
B280-08012

Not
Applicable
S280-85-1
S280-85-2

2.4 thru 14.4 kV


PWE*

2.4 - 14.4

95

560

Vacuum

12000

285-71

VWE

2.4 - 14.4

110

560**

Vacuum

12000

280-40

VSA12B

2.4 - 14.4

110

600

Vacuum

12000

280-45

VSA12

2.4 - 14.4

110

800

Vacuum

12000

280-45

VSA16

2.4 - 14.4

110

800

Vacuum

16000

280-45

VSA20

2.4 - 14.4

110

800

Vacuum

20000

280-45

VSA20A

2.4 - 14.4

110

1200

Vacuum

20000

280-45

NOVA-TS-15-8

2.4 - 14.4

110

400

Vacuum

8000

S280-42-2

NOVA15

2.4 - 14.4

110

630**

Vacuum

12500***

280-42

NOVA-TS-15-12

2.4 - 14.4

110

630**

Vacuum

12500***

S280-42-2

NOVA STS-15

2.4 - 14.4

110

630**

Vacuum

12500***

S280-44-1

280-45
280-45
280-45
280-45
280-45
S280-42-2
S280-85-16
S280-85-17
S280-42-2
S280-44-1

24.9 kV
NOVA-TS-27-8

24.9

125

400

Vacuum

8000

S280-42-2

NOVA 27

24.9

125

630**

Vacuum

12500***

280-42

PWVE*

24.9

125

560

Vacuum

12000

285-71

WVE27

24.9

150

560**

Oil

8000

280-40

VWVE27

24.9

125

560**

Vacuum

12000

280-40

NOVA-TS-27-12

24.9

125

630**

Vacuum

12500***

S280-42-2

NOVA STS-27

24.9

125

630**

Vacuum

12500***

S280-44-1

Bulletin B28008012
Bulletin B28008010
Bulletin B28008010
Bulletin B28008010
Bulletin B28008010
Bulletin B28008012
Bulletin B28008012

S280-42-2

Bulletin B28008012
Bulletin B28008010
Bulletin B28008010
Bulletin B28008010
Bulletin B28008010
Bulletin B28008010
Bulletin B28008012
Bulletin B28008012

S280-42-2

S280-85-16
S280-85-17
Not
Applicable
S280-85-1
S280-85-2
S280-85-1
S280-85-2
S280-42-2
S280-44-1

34.5 kV
NOVA-TS-38-8

34.5

170

400

Vacuum

8000

S280-42-2

WVE38X

34.5

170

560**

Oil

8000

280-40

VWVE38X

34.5

150

560**

Vacuum

12000

280-40

VSO12

34.5

150

560**

Vacuum

12000

280-57

VSO16

34.5

150

560**

Vacuum

16000

280-57

NOVA38

34.5

170

630**

Vacuum

12500

280-42

NOVA-TS-38-12

34.5

170

630**

Vacuum

12500

S280-42-2

NOVA STS-38

34.5

170

630**

Vacuum

12500

S280-44-1

* For pad-mounted installation.


** Continuous current rating can be extended to 800 A with an accessory.
*** 16.0 kA option is also available.

280-05-14

www.cooperpower.com

S280-85-1
S280-85-2
S280-85-1
S280-85-2
280-57
280-57
S280-85-16
S280-85-17
S280-42-2
S280-44-1

General ratings information and catalog guide for single-and


three-phase reclosers

Technical Data 280-05


Effective August 2013

www.cooperpower.com

280-05-15

Technical Data 280-05

General ratings information and catalog guide for singleand three-phase reclosers

Effective August 2013

Eaton
1000 Eaton Boulevard
Cleveland, OH 44122
United States
Eaton.com
Eatons Cooper Power Systems Business
2300 Badger Drive
Waukesha, WI 53188
United States
Cooperpower.com
2013 Eaton
All Rights Reserved
Printed in USA
Publication No. 280-05
August 2013

280-05-16

Eaton, Cooper Power Systems, SPEAR, and


NOVA are trademarks of Eaton in the U.S. and
other countries. You are not permitted to use
these trademarks without the prior written consent of Eaton.

Effective May 2014


Supersedes June 1999

Technical Data 280-10

Types E, 4E, V4E, H, 4H, V4H, L, V4L,


single-phase and 6H, V6H threephase reclosers
Description
Types E, 4E, V4E, H, 4H, V4H, L, and V4L singlephase reclosers and Types 6H and V6H threephase reclosers provide reliable, self-contained
distribution-circuit overcurrent protection at low
initial cost, and require minimal service. Because
most line faults are temporary in nature, they will
clear after only momentary circuit interruption;
therefore, permanent outages usually are
prevented. Automatic circuit reclosers both
improve customer service and reduce operating
costs.
A summary of all available reclosers ratings,
basic characteristics, and applications is included
in Catalog 280-05, General Ratings Information and
Catalog Guide for Single-Phase and Three-Phase
Reclosers.

Basic ratings and characteristic


features

Type L

Reclosers in the E, H, and L groups include most


of the single-phase reclosers produced by Eaton's
Cooper Power Systems. The three-phase reclosers
Types 6H and V6H are included in here
because they adapt three single-phase interrupting
structures with a common lockout mechanism.
In operation, these reclosers sense line current
in each phase individually and trip individually;
however, if one phase sequences to lockout, all
phases lock out.
Reclosers can be installed on poles or in
substations to protect lines requiring the ratings
shown in Table 1.

Type 6H

Both single-phase and three-phase reclosers


are hydraulically controlled. Tripping is initiated
by a series-connected coil. Current-carrying and
interrupting capacities vary with the operating
coils rating, which is selected to meet circuit
requirements. A choice of dual time-current
characteristics permits coordination with other
protective devices. A non-reclosing feature (Figure
1), standard on all Eaton's Cooper Power Systems
reclosers, is set with a hookstick-operated lever
for one operation to lockout without removing the
recloser from service.
Two types of interrupters are available:
1. In Types E, 4E, 4H, L, and 6H reclosers, current
interruption takes place in oil.
2. Types V4H, V4L, V4E, and V6H reclosers are
equipped with vacuum interrupters. A major
advantage of vacuum interrupters is reduced
maintenance frequency.
280-10-1

Technical Data 280-10

Types E, 4E, 4E, V4E, H, 4H, V4H, L, V4L single-phase and


6H and V6H three-phase reclosers

Effective May 2014

Application
Both single- and three-phase H-group and L-group reclosers are
designed, tested, and rated for operation on 14.4 kV three-phase
systems where the line-to-ground voltage is 8.32 kV. Bushing
insulation strength and other line-to-ground insulation is designed for
this 8.32 kV stress.
The standard recloser (110 kV BIL) is not suitable for operation on
single-phase taps of 14.4/24.9 kV systems. Operation on these
higher voltage systems will stress the insulation at the 14.4 kV level,
resulting in excessive radio influence voltage and deterioration of the
insulation.
Types E, 4E, and V4E reclosers can be used for operation on singlephase taps of a 20/34.5 kV system where the 150 kV BIL rating is
satisfactory. The bushings and other line-to-ground insulation are
adequate for the 20 kV line-to-ground voltage stress. Since the
interrupting capability is 24.9 kV, application on this system is limited
to single-phase taps only. Operation on the three-phase line can
result in a single recloser attempting to interrupt the full 34.5 kV
voltage, which is in excess of its rating.

Surge protection
Reclosers operate best when protected with surge arresters. On line
applications, arrester protection is recommended on both sides of
the recloser. If protection is to be provided on one side only, install
the arrester on the source side. In substations, arresters are located
on the load-side. Eaton's Cooper Power Systems distributionclass arresters provide excellent protection; see Catalog 235-99,
UltraSIL Polymer-Housed Evolution Surge Arrester or Catalog
235-35, UltraSIL Polymer-Housed VariSTAR Surge Arrester for
more information.

Ordering information
To order an E-, H-, or L-group recloser:

Figure 1. The non-reclosing feature is set with a handle under


the sleet hood (see arrow). When the handle Is down (top), the
recloser will trip on overcurrent and lock out without reclosing.
When the handle is up (bottom), the recloser will operate
according to its internally set program.

Constructing a catalog number

1. Use the chart below to construct a cata!og number that


describes the required recloser.
2. From Tables 2 through 13, specify the catalog number that
describe the required recloser accessories and mounting
equipment.

To order a basic Type 4H recloser with a l00-amp coil, time-current


Curve B, and two fast and two retarded operations to lockout, the
catalog number would be constructed as shown on following page.

Table 1. Basic Ratings


Nominal Voltage
(kV)

Max Continuous
Current
(amps)

@ 2.44.8 kV

@ 4.88.32 kV

@ 8.3214.4 kV

@ 24.9 kV

2.414.4

50

1250

1250

1250

4H

2.414.4

100

3000

2500

2000

V4H

2.414.4

200

3000

2500

2000

2.414.4

280

6000

5000

4000

V4L

2.414.4

280

6000

6000

6000

24.9

100

2500

4E

24.9

280

4000

V4E

24.9

280

6000

6H

2.414.4

100

3000

2500

2000

V6H

2.414.4

200

3000

2500

2000

Type
Single-Phase

Max Interrupting Current


(symmetrical amps)

Three-Phase

280-10-2

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 280-10

Types E, 4E, 4E, V4E, H, 4H, V4H, L, V4L single-phase and


6H and V6H three-phase reclosers

Effective May 2014

KH Basic letters for H-group reclosers;

Accessories

E-group reclosers: KE
L-group reclosers: KL

E-, H-, and L-group reclosers can be


supplemented with factory- or fieldinstalled accessories. Select the
accessories and mounting equipment
required from Tables 2 through 13.

4 Recloser type:

Omit for Types E or L;


1 for Type H;
4 for Type 4H or 4E;
V4 for Type V4H, V4E, or V4L;
6 for Type 6H;
V6 for Type V6H.

1. Shunt lockout mechanism (Types E,


6H, and V6H only) enables remote
electrical trip and lockout.
2. Lockout-indicating switch (all types)
provides remote indication of recloser
lockout.

100 Continuous current rating of series-trip coil:

Type E : 5, 10, 15, 25, 35, 50,70, or l00 amps;


Type 4E: 50, 70, 100, 140, 200, or 280 amps;
Type V4E : 15, 25, 35, 50, 70, 100, 140, 200, or 280 amps;
Type H : 5, 10, 15, 25, 35, or 50 amps;
Type 4H : 5, 10, 15, 25, 35, 50, 70,100,140, or 200 amps;
Type 6H : 5, 10, 15, 25, 35, 50, 70, or 100 amps;
Type V6H: 5, 10, 15, 25, 35, 50, 70, 100, 140, or 200 amps;
Type L : 25, 35, 50, 70, 100, 140, 200, or 280 amps;

3. Bushings with 17-in. creepage


distance (all H-group and L-group)
increase creepage distance from
standard bushing distances of 10-3/8
in. for H; 10-7/8 in. for 4H, V4H, 6H,
V6H; 11-3/4 in. for L and V4L.
4. Bushings with 26-1/2-in. creepage
distances (Types E, 4E, and V4E)
increase creepage distance from
standard bushing distances of 13-5/8
in. for E and 17 in. for 4E and V4E.

Delayed time-current curve:


Types H, 4H, V4H, 6H, or V6H: B or C;
Types E, 4E, V4E, or L: B, C, or D.
If all fast operations are required, insert letter A.

2 Number of fast A-curve operations:


0, 1, 2, 3, or 4.

2 Number of delayed operations:


0, 1, 2, 3, or 4.

KH 4 100 B 2 2

Fast +
delayed
operations
not to
exceed 4.

5. Slip-on, multi-ratio bushing-current


transformer kit for field installation
(all types) is easily installed at low
cost and is convenient for metering.
Taps are available for 100, 150, 200,
250, 300, and 450:5 amp ratio; 5%
accuracy.

KH4100B22 is the catalog number for the required Basic Type 4H recloser.

Accessories
Types E, 4E, V4E, L, and V4L (Single-Phase) Reclosers
Table 2. Shunt Lockout and Lockout Indication; Factory Installed
Description

Type E

Type 4E

Type V4E

Type L

Type V4L

Shunt-lockout mechanism*

KA193E

KA193E

KA193E

Lockout-indicating switch..

KA194E**

KA86L2

KA86L2

KA86L1

KA86L2

Description

Type E

Type 4E

Type V4E

Type L

Type V4L

17-in.-creepage bushings..

KA126L

KA121V4L

2612-in.-creepage bushings

KA188E

KA149E4-1

KA149E4-1

Description

Type E

Type 4E

Type V4E

Type L

Type V4L

Two-bolt flat pad connectors; set of two

KA146L1

* Specify operating voltage: 120 or 240 Vac


** Includes shunt-lockout mechanism.

Table 3. Bushings; Factory-Installed

Table 4. Hardware; Factory-Installed

Table 5. Bushing Current Transformer for Field Installation


Description

Type E

Type 4E

Type V4E

Type L

Type V4L

Slip-on bushing current transformer kit; one BCT per kit..

KA712L1

KA712L1

KA712L1

KA712L1

KA712L1

Description

Type E

Type 4E

Type V4E

Type L

Type V4L

Crossarm mounting hanger; two required for each recloser

KA39H

KA39H

KA39H

KA39H

KA39H

Table 6. Mounting Equipment

www.cooperpower.com

280-10-3

Technical Data 280-10


Effective May 2014

Types E, 4E, 4E, V4E, H, 4H, V4H, L, V4L single-phase and


6H and V6H three-phase reclosers

Accessories
Types H, 4H, and V4H (Single-Phase) Reclosers
Table 7. Lockout Indication; Factory-Installed
Description

Type H

Type 4H

Type V4H

Lockout-indicating switch

KA161H

KA161H

KA161H

Description

Type H

Type 4H

Type V4H

17-in.-creepage bushing

KA193H

KA60H4

KA51V4H

Description

Type H

Type 4H

Type V4H

Crossarm mounting hanger

KA39H*

KA39H**

KA39H**

Description

Type 6H

Type V6H

Lockout-indicating switch

KA96H3-2

KA96H3-2

Shunt-lockout mechanism*

KA1HS6

KA1HS6

Ground-fault lockout**

KA123H3-2

KA123H3-2

Description

Type 6H

Type V6H

17-in.-creepage bushings

KA31H6

KA51V6H

Description

Type 6H

Type V6H

Slip-on bushing current transformer kit; one BCT per kit

KA712L1

KA712L1

Description

Type 6H

Type V6H

Double crossarm bracket or substation hanger

KA19H3

KA19H3

Substation mounting frame

KA46H6

KA46H6

In-line broadside pole-mounting hanger

KA116H3

KA116H3

Surge arrester mounting bracket

KA126H3

KA126H3

Tank-lifting windlass for substation mounting frame

KA584R2

KA584R2

Table 8. Bushings; Factory-Installed

Table 9. Mounting Equipment

* One required.
** Two required.

Type 6H, V6H (Three-Phase) Reclosers


Table 10. Lockout and Lockout Indication; Factory-Installed

* Specify operating voltage 120 or 240 Vac; 12, 18, 20, 24, 36, 48, or 125 Vdc.
** Specify minimum-trlp current (5, 10, 20, 35, 50, 70, 100, 140, or 200 amps) and time delay (3,.5, 7, 9, or 11 seconds)

Table 11. Bushings; Factory-Installed

Table 12. Bushing Current Transformer for Field Installation

Table 13. Mounting Equipment

280-10-4

www.cooperpower.com

Types E, 4E, 4E, V4E, H, 4H, V4H, L, V4L single-phase and


6H and V6H three-phase reclosers

Technical Data 280-10


Effective May 2014

Features and detailed description

mechanical and dielectric strength and moisture resistance.

Construction features

With the exception of Types V4E, V4H, V4L, and V6H, all reclosers
described here have oil interrupters; Types V4E, V4H, V4L, and V6H
are equipped with vacuum interrupters. Kits are available for field
conversion of 4H and 6H reclosers from oil to vacuum interruption.
Type L reclosers cannot be converted from oil to vacuum
interruption.

Basic features
E-, H-, and L-group reclosers are designed for long service life with
minimum maintenance. Figure 2 describes the parts of the singlephase reclosers.
Heads are aluminum castings. Heavy-gage steel tanks are
finished with an inhibiting epoxy prime coat and finish-coated with
thermosetting acrylic paint. Finish color is light gray. Munsell 5BG
7.0/0.4.
A Buna-N o-ring gasket assures an oil-tight seal between head
and tank. The gasket is confined in a groove, providing controlled
compression.

Mechanisms have been thoroughly field-proven through many years


of service. They are designed and built in accordance with ANSI
Standard C37.60.
For more detailed information on construction of H-group reclosers,
ask for Reference Data R280-10-1; for E-group and Type L reclosers,
specify R280-10-2.

Insulating supports connect the hydraulic mechanism to the head.


Made of filament-wound glass epoxy, these supports provide high

UNIVERSAL CLAMP TYPE


TERMINALS
Accept copper or aluminum
conductors horizontally or
vertically.
COVER-CLAMPED
BUSHINGS
Wet-process porcelain; can
be field replaced.

NAMEPLATES
Show complete recloser
data.
O-RING GASKET
Forms positive moistureproof seal between head
casting and tank.
HYDRAULIC PUMP AND
LOCKOUT PISTON
Counts operations; resets
operating program.
INSULATING SUPPORTS
Epoxy-fiberglass; provide
mechanical and dielectric
strength to support hydraulic
and interrupting
mechanisms.

LIFTING STRAP
Facilitates hoisting
during installation and
maintenance.

OPERATIONS COUNTER
Records all recloser trip
operations; large, easy-toread figures.

SLEET HOOD
Houses manual operating
handle, non-reclosing lever,
and operations counter.
NON-RECLOSING
HANDLE
Under sleet hood;
switchstick operable; when
pulled down, sets recloser to
lockout after one operation.
MANUAL OPERATING
HANDLE
Provides indication of
locked-out recloser; permits
manual opening and closing.
BYPASS GAP
Protects series-trip coil from
lightning surges.

INTERRUPTER ASSEMBLY
Provides fast arc extinction.

SERIES TRIP-SOLENOID
Trips recloser when current
greater than minimum-trip
value flows.

MOVING CONTACTS
Provide double-break
interruption; have long-life,
copper-tungsten alloy tips.

ARC SHIELD
Protects operating coil from
contact arcing and resultant
gases.

Figure 2. Untanked view of typical single-phase recloser (Type L shown).

www.cooperpower.com

280-10-5

Technical Data 280-10


Effective May 2014

Types E, 4E, 4E, V4E, H, 4H, V4H, L, V4L single-phase and


6H and V6H three-phase reclosers

Interrupter and contact construction

Non-reclosing operation

Oil interrupter

All E-, H-, and L-group reclosers are equipped with a non-reclosing
feature. Simply by moving an externally operable handle with a
hookstick, the recloser can be set for one operation to lockout.
The non-reclosing feature is a valuable tool when hot-line work is
necessary. Should an overcurrent occur while the non-reclosing
feature is activated, the recloser will trip according to the first time/
current curve programmed in its operating sequence and then
lock out. When the feature is deactivated, the recloser will operate
normally according to the internally programmed sequence.

Contacts silverplated copper-tungsten alloy to resist arc erosion


are arranged to give two breaks in series. Different interrupter and
contact configurations are employed in the various recloser types
but all oil interrupters are designed to provide fast arc extinction
and self-cleaning of the contacts through a wiping action. Type H
reclosers feature a wiping contact design; Types 4H, 6H, E, 4E, and
L employ a bayonet contact design.

Vacuum interrupter
Arc interruption in Types V4H, V4L, V4E, and V6H reclosers is fast
arcing time is generally less than 1/2 cycle. Arc energy is low,
minimizing mechanical stress. Also, contact erosion is substantially
reduced, contributing to long service life without contact
maintenance.
Unaffected by ambient temperature, contaminants, humidity, or
altitude, vacuum interruption provides maximum reliability. Because
there are no arcing by-products to contaminate the insulating oil,
inspections are fewer and maintenance costs are lower.
The vacuum interrupter is fully interchangeable with the oil
interrupter used in Type 4H and 6H reclosers. A replacement
assembly is available for quick field installation.

Figure 3. Untanked view of typical three-phase recloser (Type 6H


shown).

Basic operation
Eaton's Cooper Power Systems E-, H-, and L-group reclosers are
series-trip-solenoid-operated and hydraulically controlled. Series
tripping provides simple and reliable operation since the tripping
energy is taken directly from the fault itself. During tripping, the
mechanism stores energy for reclosing. Hydraulic control permits
accurate coordination with other protective equipment.
The two three-phase reclosers in the H group Types 6H and V6H
consist of three single-phase reclosers in one tank (Figure 3),
mechanically interlocked for lockout operation. This permits initial
independent operation of a single phase in the event of a fault on
any one phase. Should the fault persist after the initial operation and
the phase proceed to lockout, the mechanical interconnection opens
and locks out the other two phases as well. A separate counter on
each phase accumulates information for operating records.
For more detailed information on operation of H-group reclosers, ask
for Reference Data R280-10-1; for E-group and L-group reclosers,
specify R280-10-2.

280-10-6

www.cooperpower.com

Series-trip solenoid
Fault-current sensing is provided by a series-connected solenoid coil
that carries line current. When a fault occurs, tripping is initiated by
the solenoid plunger.
The plunger, normally held at rest by the closing springs, is drawn
into the coil by the magnetic force generated by the fault current.
Downward travel of the plunger overtoggles springs in the contact
assembly that open the recloser contacts. The same motion charges
the closing springs in preparation for a reclosing operation.
When the circuit is opened, the solenoid coil is deenergized,
allowing the closing springs to close the contacts and
simultaneously return the plunger to its original position.

Technical Data 280-10

Types E, 4E, 4E, V4E, H, 4H, V4H, L, V4L single-phase and


6H and V6H three-phase reclosers
Contact operating speeds controlled entirely by the springs are
independent of the magnitude of the fault current. Total time to
contact opening is proportional to the level of fault current passing
through the series-trip solenoid.
When the recloser operates to lockout, the hydraulic mechanism
releases a lock-out spring and mechanism, preventing the plunger
from returning and the contacts from reclosing.
The series-trip coil is capable of withstanding forces caused by
maximum-rated fault currents and is effectively shunted with a
bypass gap for surge protection.

Effective May 2014

Hydraulic control mechanism


The hydraulic control mechanism provides selectivity in timing
enabling flexibility in application and coordination with other
equipment. All timing is governed by the hydraulic mechanism
which:
1. controls the timing before contact opening;
2. establishes the time delay before the contacts reclose;
3. counts the number of operations;
4. causes the recloser to lock out when the preset number of trip
operations has been completed.
Variations of timing characteristics and sequences can be
programmed for a maximum of four operations. When a recloser
is programmed for both fast and retarded operations, the fast
operations involving no intentional time delay occur first in
the sequence according to the reclosers A curve time-current
characteristic. Retarded operations are according to the reclosers B
or C time-current curve (B, C, or D curve for Types E, 4E, and L). See
Time Current Curves R280-91-10 for Type E reclosers; R280-91-8 for
Type 4E; R280-91-1 for Type H; R280-91-2 for Types 4H, V4H, 6H, and
V6H; R280-91-3 for Type L; and R280-91-15 for Types V4L and V4E.

www.cooperpower.com

280-10-7

Technical Data 280-10

Types E, 4E, 4E, V4E, H, 4H, V4H, L, V4L single-phase and


6H and V6H three-phase reclosers

Effective May 2014

Ratings
Table 14. Single- and Three-Phase Recloser Ratings
Trip-Coil Continuous Current
(amps)

Minimum Trip Current


(amps)

Interrupting Current (rms symmetrical amps)

Type H Single-Phase; 50 Amps Maximum


5
10
10
20
15
30
25
50
35
70
50
100
Types 4H Single-Phase and 6H Three-Phase; 100 Amps Maximum

@ 2.4 through 14.4 kV


125
250
375
625
875
1250

@ 4.8 kV
5
10
200
10
20
400
15
30
600
25
50
1000
35
70
1400
50
100
2000
70
140
2800
100
200
3000
Types V4H Single-Phase and V6H Three-Phase; 200 Amps Maximum
5
10
200
10
20
400
15
30
600
25
50
1000
35
70
1400
50
100
2000
70
140
2800
100
200
3000
140
280
3000
200
400
3000
Type L Single-Phase; 280 Amps Maximum
25
50
1500
35
70
2100
50
100
3000
70
140
4200
100
200
6000
140
280
6000
200
400
6000
280
560
6000
Type V4L Single-Phase; 280 Amps Maximum
@ 2.4 through 14.4 kV
5
10
300
10
20
600
15
30
900
25
50
1500
35
70
2100
50
100
3000
70
140
4200
100
200
6000
140
280
6000
200
400
6000
280
560
6000
Type E Single-Phase; 100 Amps Maximum
@ 24.9 kV
5
10
300
10
20
600
15
30
900
25
50
1500
35
70
2100
50
100
2500
70
140
2500
100
200
2500

280-10-8

www.cooperpower.com

@ 8.32 kV
200
400
600
1000
1400
2000
2500
2500

@ 14.4 kV
200
400
600
1000
1400
2000
2000
2000

200
400
600
1000
1400
2000
2500
2500
2500
2500

200
400
600
1000
1400
2000
2000
2000
2000
2000

1500
2100
3000
4200
5000
5000
5000
5000

1500
2100
3000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000

Technical Data 280-10

Types E, 4E, 4E, V4E, H, 4H, V4H, L, V4L single-phase and


6H and V6H three-phase reclosers

Effective May 2014

Table 14. Single- and Three-Phase Recloser Ratings (continued)


Trip-Coil Continuous Current
(amps)

Minimum Trip Current


(amps)

Interrupting Current
(rms symmetrical amps)

Type 4E Single-Phase; 280 Amps Maximum


@ 24.9 kV
3000
4000
4000
4000
4000
4000

50
100
70
140
100
200
140
280
200
400
280
560
Type V4E Single-Phase; 280 Amps Maximum
15
30
25
50
35
70
50
100
70
140
100
200
140
280
170
340
200
400
280
560

900
1500
2100
3000
4200
6000
6000
6000
6000
6000

RATINGS
Table 15. Duty Cycles
Type

4H, 6H

V4H, V6H

% Interrupting
Rating

Maximum
Circuit
X/R Ratio

Number
Unit
Operations

15-20
45-55
90-100
15-20
45-55
90-100
15-20
45-55
90-100
15-20
45-55
90-100

2
4
8
2
5
10
2
5
10
2
5
12

40
40
20
32
24
12
128
96
48
40
20
12

Total
Unit
Operations

Type

100

4E

68

V4E

272

72

V4L

% Interrupting
Rating

Maximum
Circuit
X/R Ratio

Number
Unit
Operations

15-20
45-55
90-100
15-20
45-55
90-100
15-20
45-55
90-100
15-20
45-55
90-100

3
6
13
3
7
15
3
6
12
4
8
15

32
20
12
96
120
32
32
20
12
88
112
32

Total
Unit
Operations

64

248

64

232

SPECIFICATIONS
Table 16. Specifications
Recloser Type
H

4H
6H

V4H
V6H

V4L

4E
V4E

Nominal operating voltage (rms kV)

2.414.4

2.414.4

2.414.4

2.414.4

2.414.4

24.9

24.9

Maximum design voltage (rms kV)

15.0

15.5

15.5

15.5

15.5

27

27

Impulse withstand (BIL),


1.2 x 50 sec wave (crest kV)

95

110

110

110

110

150

150

60-Hz withstand (rms kV)


Dry one minute
Wet, ten seconds

35
30

50
45

50
45

50
45

50
45

60
50

60
50

Reclosing time (sec)

1-1/2

1-1/2

1-1/2

Bushing creepage distance (in.)

10-3/8

10-7/8

10-7/8

11-3/4

11-3/4

13-5/8

17

www.cooperpower.com

280-10-9

Technical Data 280-10


Effective May 2014

Types E, 4E, 4E, V4E, H, 4H, V4H, L, V4L single-phase and


6H and V6H three-phase reclosers

Dimensions and weights


Dimension
(in.)

Recloser Type
4H, V4H

V4L

4E,V4E

14

15

15

15

15-1/8

14-5/16

15-7/8

15-7/8

15-7/8

16

35-1/2

37-1/8

45-1/2

41-1/2

49

16-13/16

18-7/8

18-7/8

20-3/8

22-1/2

6-11/16

6-1/4

14-5/8

9-1/8

14-1/2

8-3/4

9-3/4

9-3/4

9-3/4

9-3/4

8-1/2

11

11

11

11-3/4

9-1/4

11-1/4

11-1/4

11-1/4

11-1/4

NNote: Dimensions shown are for general information only. For


critical construction dimensions, refer to factory.

Figure 4. Dimensions of Types 4H, V4H, L, V4L, E, 4E, and V4E reclosers.

Figure 5. Dimensions of Type H reclosers.

280-10-10

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 280-10

Types E, 4E, 4E, V4E, H, 4H, V4H, L, V4L single-phase and


6H and V6H three-phase reclosers

Effective May 2014

Figure 6. Dimensions of Types 6H and V6H reclosers.

Table 17.Weights and Oil Capacity


Recloser Type
H

4H,
V4H

6H,
V6H

V4L

4E

V4E

Weight; dry (Ib)

55

76

236

106

142

107

142

147

Weight, with oil (Ib)

85

114

394

159

205

169

205

210

Oil capacity (gal)

21

9-1/2

8-1/4

9-1/2

9-1/2

www.cooperpower.com

280-10-11

Technical Data 280-10

Types E, 4E, 4E, V4E, H, 4H, V4H, L, V4L single-phase and


6H and V6H three-phase reclosers

Effective May 2014

Eaton
1000 Eaton Boulevard
Cleveland, OH 44122
United States
Eaton.com
Eatons Cooper Power Systems Business
2300 Badger Drive
Waukesha, WI 53188
United States
Cooperpower.com
2014 Eaton
All Rights Reserved
Printed in USA
Publication No. 280-10
May 2014

280-10-12

Eaton, Cooper Power Systems, VariSTAR,


UltraSIL, and Evolution are valuable
trademarks of Eaton in the U.S. and other
countries. You are not permitted to use the
these trademarks without the prior written
consent of Eaton.
ANSI is a registered trademark of American
National Standards Institute.

For Eatons Cooper Power


Systems reclosers product
information call 1-877-277-4636
or visit: www.cooperpower.
com.

Technical Data 280-42

Effective May 2014


Supersedes December 2009

NOVA15, NOVA27, and NOVA38


three-phase, microprocessorcontrolled recloser
Description
The NOVA three-phase, electronically controlled, vacuum-interrupting
automatic circuit reclosers from Eatons Cooper Power Systems provide
reliable, economical overcurrent protection, advanced metering, and
automation systems for distribution circuits rated through 34.5 kV.
The NOVA recloser combines solid cycloaliphatic-epoxy polymerencapsulated vacuum interrupters with a reliable, lightweight operating
mechanism that utilizes a magnetic actuator to provide a lifetime of
trouble-free operation. The solid polymer system does not rely on a
gaseous, liquid, or foam dielectric. The NOVA recloser is highly resistant
to ozone, oxygen, moisture, contamination, and ultraviolet light.
The NOVA recloser is available with two configuration options: controlpowered interface and auxiliary-powered interface. Designed and tested
to be compatible with Eatons Cooper Power Systems three-phase
controls, these automatic circuit reclosers offer superior coordination,
protection, and application capabilities.
Recloser operations are programmed in an electronic control with
accurate characteristics and a host of advanced features. Precise
operating tolerances enable close coordination with other protective
devices on the system. When system requirements change, program
settings are easily altered with no sacrifice of accuracy or consistency.
Compact and lightweight, NOVA reclosers are easily installed on poles
or in substations. Mounting equipment is available for both pole and
substation applications.
Recloser and control accessories enable further tailoring of the
protective program to achieve maximum system operating flexibility.
Eatons Cooper Power Systems is strongly committed to improving
the reliability of the electric power industry. Technological advances,
including the newest microprocessor-based controls and solid insulation
NOVA distribution switchgear products, represent our investment in the
future.
The NOVA recloser is not only a technological breakthrough, but a
valuable component that brings significant operational savings to the
utility business unit, lowering the installation, operation, training, and
maintenance costs on your power distribution system.
When needed, application expertise, backed by world-wide systems
engineering knowledge and experience, is available. Customer-focused
design capability, based on more than 65 years of recloser experience,
has made Eatons Cooper Power Systems the industry leader.
NOVA reclosers, like all reclosers from Eatons Cooper Power Systems,
are designed and manufactured in accordance with IEEE Std C37.602003 standard.

280-42-1

Technical Data 280-42

NOVA15, NOVA27, and NOVA38 three-phase,


microprocessor-controlled reclosers

Effective May 2014

Ratings and characteristic features

Surge protection

Three-phase protection on systems rated 2.4 through 14.4 kV is


provided by NOVA15 reclosers. NOVA27 reclosers can be applied
on systems rated through 27.6 kV. Higher-voltage system protection
at 34.5 kV is provided by NOVA38 reclosers. A ratings summary
for NOVA reclosers is shown in Tables 13. For ratings and basic
application information of other reclosers from Eatons Cooper Power
Systems, see Catalog Section 280-05.

Best operating results are achieved if reclosers are protected


with surge arresters. On line applications, arrester protection is
recommended on both sides of the recloser. (If protection is on one
side only, it should be on the source side. In substations, arresters
should be on the load side.) Eatons Cooper Power Systems
distribution-class arresters provide excellent protection and are
available with mounting brackets to fit our reclosers (see Catalog
Sections 235-35 and 235-99).

Operation
Sensing current transformers, embedded in the recloser, supply
fault-sensing information to the electronic control. Tripping and closing signals from the control energize the operating circuits in the
recloser. Due to a single CT ratio for all ratings, minimum-trip values
of the electronic control are independent of the continuous-current
and interrupting ratings of the recloser.

Ordering information

Flexibility in coordination with other protective devices is provided


by varied timecurrent characteristics from a choice of standard or
customized curves, minimum trip values, reclosing and resetting
time settings, and a selection of accessories.

1. See the Constructing a Catalog Number section to construct a


catalog number that describes the required recloser.

Vacuum interruption

3. Order the required electronic recloser control (Base catalog


number of the control must be included when ordering a NOVA
recloser).

A single break on each phase is accomplished by separating


contacts inside the vacuum interrupter. All arcing is contained
within the vacuum envelope. The patented axial-magnetic vacuum
interrupters, used in NOVA reclosers, offers extended and increased
duty cycles compared with oil or radial-magnetic interrupters. The
axial-magnetic field keeps the arc in a diffused mode, resulting in
less arc power to be dissipated, resulting in low thermal stress,
suitable for encapsulation.

Data plate

Figure 1. NOVA recloser.

280-42-2

www.cooperpower.com

Manual OPEN handle

All NOVA reclosers include a Form 6 microprocessor-based recloser


control. The Form 6 control includes full protection, TCC Editor,
metering, and diagnostics for your application needs.
To order a NOVA recloser, electronic control, and control cable:

2. From Tables 613, specify the catalog numbers that describe the
required recloser accessories.

Technical Data 280-42

NOVA15, NOVA27, and NOVA38 three-phase,


microprocessor-controlled reclosers

Effective May 2014

Features and detailed description

Surface tracking

NOVA microprocessor-controlled, three-phase reclosers protect


systems operating through 34.5 kV (see Ratings and Specifications
section of this catalog). These ratings and the wide range of
programmable settings provided by Eatons Cooper Power
Systems electronic controls permit meeting a variety of application
requirements.

The cycloaliphatic epoxy is highly resistant to contaminants and


resists tracking and flashovers under extreme pollution levels to
reduce both flashovers and the associated cost of repairs.

Recloser operation
Fault currents are sensed by three 1000:1 ratio sensing current
transformers embedded in the recloser. These CTs provide a
continuous measurement of line current, monitored by the electronic
control. When current level exceeds the programmed minimum trip
level, the magnitude of the overcurrent is integrated with time, using
a programmed timecurrent curve characteristic. The control then
signals the trip in the recloser, opening the main contacts of all three
phases.

Hydrophobicity
The module maintains excellent hydrophobicity, a property
characterized by water beading into isolated drops, and is highly
resistant to moisture absorption. Hydrophobicity prevents continuous
sheets of water from forming leakage current paths that deteriorate
the creepage withstand level.

Ultraviolet resistance
The cycloaliphatic epoxy resists ultraviolet radiation damage even in
harsh climates, maintaining a smooth, unblemished, self-cleansing
surface with low-adhesion to contaminants.

Tensile strength

The control signals tripping and closing. The recloser always


maintains energy for a tripping operation following a closing
operation.

Outstanding tensile and flexural strength characteristics mean the


NOVA recloser modules are tough and non-fragmenting, reducing
shipment and handling charges.

The electronic recloser control provides determination of phase- and


ground-trip sequences and operations to lockout and reclosing and
resetting timing, adjustable with the control without de-energizing
the recloser.

Shed design

Construction
Recloser
Designed for long service life and no maintenance, the NOVA
recloser has three solid-polymer interrupter modules with embedded
current transformers and a standard aluminum mechanism housing;
light gray is the standard color.
Cycloaliphatic-epoxy polymer encapsulation provides solid insulation
and maintenance-free, environmentally safe operation. There is no
monitoring or maintaining of gas pressure or oil levels; there are
no toxic or environmentally unfriendly materials. There are no foam
fillers or insulation seals, eliminating potential moisture ingress
areas. The NOVA recloser module exhibits good absorption of elastic
energy and resistance to cracking and crack propagation. Additionally,
durable environmental properties make the solid polymer suitable for
outdoor applications, including seacoasts, deserts, and areas of high
pollution.

Heater

Magnetic Actuator

Aluminum Mechanism Trip-and-Close


Housing (Standard) Capacitors

OPEN/CLOSE
Contact Position
Indicator

The shed design utilizes alternate-sized skirts. The major sheds


shield and protect the minor sheds to enhance the hydrophobicity
and ultraviolet resistance of the module, eliminate formation of
microcracks, and ensure extra-protected creepage. Additionally,
sharp edges direct water away from the unit. Water paths and ice
formations are effectively eliminated.

Flashover recovery
Flashovers occur when an object, usually wildlife, contacts energized
parts of the equipment. The NOVA recloser minimizes the effect of
flashovers with remarkable physical resilience, arc-quenching properties, and a self-healing ability. NOVA recloser can withstand the enormous forces experienced during faults without wholesale damage
and allows re-energizing after external flashover without cleaning.

Manual OPEN Handle

Actuator Board

Auxiliary Input
Power Receptacle

Mechanical Operations Counter

Control Cable
Receptacle

Heater

Ground Connector
#10 - #2 Stranded

Figure 2. NOVA recloser Type B mechanism with auxiliary-powered interface (view from bottom of recloser with bottom cover and
actuator board safety shield removed).

www.cooperpower.com

280-42-3

Technical Data 280-42


Effective May 2014

Vacuum interrupters
NOVA reclosers use vacuum as the interrupting medium. Vacuum
interrupters (Figure 3) provide fast, low-energy arc interruption with
long contact and interrupter life, low mechanical stress, and maximum operating safety. With arc interruption taking place in a vacuum, contact and interrupter life are several times greater than with
interruption in oil, virtually eliminating interrupter maintenance.
Eatons Cooper Power Systems vacuum interrupters are designed
with a metal and ceramic housing for maximum strength and
long-term vacuum integrity. Oxygen-free, high-conductivity copper,
stainless steel, and a nickel-copper alloy are used in the vacuum
interrupters. The high-alumina ceramic has more than five times the
strength of glass, which permits a higher processing temperature
to develop maximum purity of the assembly, and is impervious to
helium penetration, maintaining the vacuum level. Additionally, it
provides wear resistance, chemical resistance, and a high dielectric
strength.
Enclosed in the interrupter are a stationary and a moving contact
assembly. The moving contact has a travel of approximately onehalf inch, its shaft passing through a flexible bellows that maintains
vacuum integrity. Contacts consist of a high purity copper sintered
with aluminathermic chromium.

NOVA15, NOVA27, and NOVA38 three-phase,


microprocessor-controlled reclosers
Because the smallest amount of internal contamination can
significantly shorten the life of a vacuum interrupter, special care is
taken to avoid even minute contamination from any source, including
dust particles, machining oils, or human body salts. No paraffinic
oils are used in the machining process, all machined parts are put
through a cleaning/degreasing process, and then all components are
electro-polished in a positive-pressure, air-filtered area. A Class 100
clean room facility is used for the final interrupter production. The
furnaces employ a custom-designed, three-stage pumping system to
yield high levels of vacuum. Every vacuum interrupter is then tested
and tracked with individual serial numbers.

Electronic control
NOVA15, NOVA27, and NOVA38 reclosers are controlled by an
Eatons Cooper Power Systems three-phase electronic recloser
control. A choice of microprocessor-based controls are available to
use in conjunction with these reclosers.

Control-powered interface
The Type D NOVA recloser mechanism (see Figure 4) with the
control-powered interface is fully operational with Form 5 and
Form 6 VTC-ready, microprocessor-based controls equipped
with the required dc-to-dc converter, interface circuit, and a fully
shielded 19-pin cable. It is not compatible with the Types F3A
nor FXB controls. The control-powered interface includes a 19-pin
receptacle on the recloser and an internal heater (for humidity
control) powered from the control input power supply (ac or dc).
The dc-to-dc converter board converts the controls 24 Vdc battery
supply to 53 Vdc to charge the trip/close capacitors in the NOVA
recloser mechanism. The dc-to-dc converter board also houses
voltage monitoring and conditioning circuits that protect the battery
from failure and provide trip/close operations without ac power.
In the absence of ac power to the electronic control, the control
battery will provide the trip and close operations. A complete fourtrip sequence with minimal reclose intervals as configurated for
each control is obtainable without ac power. The recloser and control
system is capable of exceeding over one thousand operations on
battery power only.

Figure 3. Cross section of a vacuum interrupter used in NOVA


reclosers.

O
P
E
N

Potential
Transformer
(120/240 Vac)

C
L
O
S
E
D

Electronic
Control

19-Pin
Control Cable

120/240 Vac
Power Cable
(optional)

Figure 4. Control-powered NOVA recloser configuration with


potential transformer input power.

280-42-4

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 280-42

NOVA15, NOVA27, and NOVA38 three-phase,


microprocessor-controlled reclosers

Effective May 2014

AC auxiliary input

Potential
Transformer
(120/240 Vac)

O
P
E
N

Electronic
Control

14-Pin
Control Cable

120/240 Vac
Power Cable
(optional)

2-Pin Auxiliary-Powered Output Cable*


*Note: Control receptacle ordered separately.

The trip-and-close capacitors are charged through both the ac


auxiliary input power and the recloser control. Upon loss of ac
power, the capacitors will be continuously charged from the control
battery to allow tripping and will also be trickle-charged to allow for
back-up closing. The charge on the capacitors will be maintained for
the duration of the control battery power. Allow one minute between
back-up close operations to recharge the capacitors. However, the
NOVA recloser is ready to trip immediately after performing a backup closing. Should the battery power discharge to the disconnect
level, back-up closing is disabled until ac auxiliary power is resumed.
Apply ac auxiliary input power to the NOVA recloser to recharge the
capacitors.

Manual operation
The recloser can be opened manually with a hotstick to pull down
the yellow manual OPEN handle under the sleet hood. With the
handle in the OPEN position, the control cannot close the recloser.
The recloser is closed, following a manual open, by pushing the yellow handle back under the sleet hood and then using the microprocessor control to close the recloser.

Figure 5. Auxiliary-powered NOVA recloser mechanism


configuration with potential transformer input power.

Similarly, the recloser can be operated from the manual control


switch on the electronic control panel, provided the manual operating handle is up. A red contact position indicator flag, adjacent to the
manual operating handle, shows recloser contact position.

Auxiliary-powered interface

Internal voltage sensor option

The Type B NOVA recloser mechanism (see Figure 5) with the


auxiliary-powered interface is fully operational with standard Form 6
microprocessor-based controls and standard 14-pin control cables.
The auxiliary-powered interface includes a 14-pin receptacle on the
recloser and an internal heater (for humidity control) powered from
the auxiliary input power supply.

The NOVA recloser is available with internal voltage sensors at time


of order. Using a high-voltage resistor within each interrupter module
with source-side connections, the sensing option, cable, and control
support a magnitude accuracy of 2% or better and a phase degree
accuracy of 1.5. The internal voltage sensing option is compatible
with a Form 5 or Form 6 Pole-Mount controls.

The Type B NOVA recloser mechanism, with the auxiliary-powered


interface, requires a voltage source of 48 Vdc, 125 Vdc, 250 Vdc, 120
Vac, or 240 Vac, which must be specified at the time of order. The
auxiliary-powered interface is connected to a 2-pin male receptacle
located next to the 14-pin female control receptacle. The voltage
source is used to maintain power to the trip-and-close capacitors in
the recloser and to power the heaters.

Accessories

DC auxiliary input
The trip-and-close capacitors are maintained from the dc source.
Upon loss of the dc power, the trip-and-close capacitors will maintain
trip and close power for several minutes. If the trip-and-close
capacitors are discharged, the recloser is inoperative until dc power
is resumed.

Auxiliary switch
A three-stage auxiliary switch can be provided as an accessory.
Each stage has two independent contacts that permit any desired
combination of a (follow state of recloser contacts) and b
(opposite recloser contacts) positions. The switch contacts are
insulated for 600 V and have a continuous current rating of 10 A.
Their interrupting ratings are shown in Table 5.

Terminals
The standard terminal is an eyebolt, 1/0500 mcm (630 A). Eyebolt
4/01000 mcm (800 A), 2-hole and 4-hole, flat-pad terminals, and
stud-type terminals are available as an accessory.

Pole-mounting hanger
A pole-mounting hanger, which bolts directly to the recloser frame,
is available for pole-mounting installation.

Arrestor-mounting brackets
The arrestor-mounting bracket accessory can be bolted to the
recloser frame and pole-mounting hanger for the addition of inboard
and outboard arresters. The arresters are not included with the
brackets.

Substation-mounting frame
A substation-mounting frame accessory is available for substationmounting applications.

www.cooperpower.com

280-42-5

Technical Data 280-42

NOVA15, NOVA27, and NOVA38 three-phase,


microprocessor-controlled reclosers

Effective May 2014

Ratings and specifications


Table 1. Voltage Ratings (kV)
Description

15 kV

15 kV

27 kV

27 kV

38 kV

Maximum Voltage

15.5 kV

15.5 kV

29.2 kV

29.2 kV

38.0 kV

Rated Basic Impulse Level

110.0 kV

125.0 kV

125.0 kV

150.0 kV

170.0 kV

Radio Noise Limit (V)

100 @ 9.4 kV

100 @ 9.4 kV

100 @ 16.4 kV

100 @ 16.4 kV

100 @ 23.0 kV

Power Frequency Withstand, Dry

50 kV

50 kV

60 kV

60 kV

70 kV

Power Frequency Withstand, Wet

45 kV

45 kV

50 kV

50 kV

60 kV

Description

15 kV

15 kV

27 kV

27 kV

38 kV

Rated Continuous Current

630 A*

630 A*

630 A*

630 A*

630 A*

Short Circuit Current, Symmetrical

12.5 kA**

12.5 kA**

12.5 kA**

12.5 kA**

12.5 kA

Making Current, Asymmetrical Peak

31.0 kA

31.0 kA

31.0 kA

31.0 kA

31.0 kA

Cable Charging Current

10 A

10 A

25 A

25 A

40 A

Table 2. Current Ratings (Amperes)

* 800 amp accessory is also available.


** 16.0 kA option is also available. (Making Current is 40.0 kA Asymmetrical Peak.)

Table 3. Mechanical Ratings


Description

15 kV

15 kV

27 kV

27 kV

38 kV

Min. Mechanical/Electrical Operations


Without Maintenance (C-O)

10,000

10,000

10,000

10,000

10,000

Mass (Weight) - kg (lbs)

86 (190)

91 (200)

91 (200)

101 (223)

101 (223)

Table 4. Duty Cycle


Type

Percentage of
Interrupting Rating

Number of
Unit Operations

Minimum
Circuit X/R
Value

NOVA

15-20

88

45-55

112

90-100

32

15

Total 232

Table 5. Auxiliary Switch Interrupting Ratings

Volts

Inductive
AC
(amps)

NonInductive
AC
(amps)

Inductive
DC
(amps)

NonInductive
DC
(amps)

24

15.0

20.0

48

7.5

10.0

120

60

80

125

1.5

2.0

240

30

60

250

0.45

0.5

280-42-6

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 280-42

NOVA15, NOVA27, and NOVA38 three-phase,


microprocessor-controlled reclosers

Effective May 2014

Dimensions

271
(10.75)

Terminal
Connectors
1/0 - 500 MCM
(Standard)

A
388
(15.5)

388
(15.5)

Terminal
Connectors
1/0 - 500 MCM
(Standard)

B
C

O
P
E
N

285
(11.25)

C
L
O
S
E
D

285
(11.25)

1000
(39.50)

413
(16.25)

Note:
mm
NOTE:AllAlldimensions
dimensionsare
are
mm(inches).
(inches).
Dimensions
are approximate.
Dimensions
shownshown
are approximate.

Terminal Options

Eyebolt, 1/0 - 500 mcm


Cable Range (630 A maximum)

80
(3.25)

NOVA15
110 kV BIL

791
(31.25)

508
(20)

Eyebolt, 4/0 - 1000 mcm


Cable Range (800 A maximum)

108
(4.25)

NOVA15
125 kV BIL

847
(33.25)

564
(22.25)

Flat Pad, 2-hole


(630 A maximum)

114
(4.5)

NOVA27
125 kV BIL

847
(33.25)

564
(22.25)

Flat Pad, 4-hole


(800 A maximum)

121
(4.75)

NOVA27
150 kV BIL

946
(37.25)

663
(26.0)

Stud Type, 1.125 - 12 threads


(800 A maximum)

82
(3.25)

NOVA38
170 kV BIL

946
(37.25)

663
(26.0)

Creepage Distances
15 kV
110 kV BIL

15 kV
125 kV BIL

27 kV
125 kV BIL

27 kV
150 kV BIL

38 kV
170 kV BIL

Terminal to terminal

1052
(41.5)

1052
(41.5)

1052
(41.5)

1052
(41.5)

1052
(41.5)

Lower terminal to ground/earth

673
(26.5)

772
(30.5)

772
(30.5)

950
(37.5)

950
(37.5)

Description

Figure 6. NOVA recloser dimensions, NOVA27 shown.

www.cooperpower.com

280-42-7

Technical Data 280-42

NOVA15, NOVA27, and NOVA38 three-phase,


microprocessor-controlled reclosers

Effective May 2014

Note: All dimensions are mm (inches).


Dimensions shown are approximate.

Pole

1089
(43.0)
637
(25.0)
592 Min.
(23.25)

Mounting
Holes
for
0.75 Bolts

290
(11.5)

O
P
E
N

686 mm
(27 in)

779
(30.75)

Pole

Pole
Terminal Options

Eyebolt, 1/0 - 500 mcm


Cable Range (630 A maximum)

80
(3.25)

NOVA15
110 kV BIL

Dimension B

791
(31.25)

Eyebolt, 4/0 - 1000 mcm


Cable Range (800 A maximum)

108
(4.25)

NOVA15
125 kV BIL

847
(33.25)

Flat Pad, 2-hole


(630 A maximum)

114
(4.5)

NOVA27
125 kV BIL

847
(33.25)

Flat Pad, 4-hole


(800 A maximum)

121
(4.75)

NOVA27
150 kV BIL

946
(37.25)

Stud Type, 1.125 - 12 threads


(800 A maximum)

82
(3.25)

NOVA38
170 kV BIL

946
(37.25)

Figure 7. Dimensions of NOVA recloser with pole-mounting hanger and arrester-mounting bracket accessories.

280-42-8

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 280-42

NOVA15, NOVA27, and NOVA38 three-phase,


microprocessor-controlled reclosers

Effective May 2014

Note: All dimensions are mm (inches).


NOTE:
All dimensions
(inches).
Dimensions
shownare
are mm
approximate.

Dimensions shown are approximate.

B
C
O
P
E
N

870
(34.25)

2216
(87.25)
adjustable to
2826
(111.25)
in
76 (3)
increments

965
(38)

Terminal Options

Eyebolt, 1/0 - 500 mcm


Cable Range (630 A maximum)

80
(3.25)

Eyebolt, 4/0 - 1000 mcm Cable Range


(800 A maximum)

457
(18)

552
(21.75)

19 (0.75)
Mounting Hole (4)

1060
(41.75)

NOVA15
110 kV BIL

791
(31.25)

508
(20)

108
(4.25)

NOVA15
125 kV BIL

847
(33.25)

564
(22.25)

Flat Pad, 2-hole


(630 A maximum)

114
(4.5)

NOVA27
125 kV BIL

847
(33.25)

564
(22.25)

Flat Pad, 4-hole


(800 A maximum)

121
(4.75)

NOVA27
150 kV BIL

946
(37.25)

663
(26.0)

Stud Type, 1.125 - 12 threads


(800 A maximum)

82
(3.25)

NOVA38
170 kV BIL

946
(37.25)

663
(26.0)

Figure 8. Dimensions of NOVA recloser with substation-mounting frame accessory.

www.cooperpower.com

280-42-9

Technical Data 280-42

NOVA15, NOVA27, and NOVA38 three-phase,


microprocessor-controlled reclosers

Effective May 2014

Constructing a catalog number


To order a basic NOVA recloser with eyebolt terminals, for use with 120 Vac closing and a 14-pin control cable, the
catalog number would be constructed like this:

KNOVA

Basic letters for a NOVA recloser with base Form 6 recloser control*

15A Recloser Type:

15A for 15 kV, 630 A continuous, 12.5 kA interrupting


27A for 27 kV, 630 A continuous, 12.5 kA interrupting
38A for 38 kV, 630 A continuous, 12.5 kA interrupting

1 Bushing Terminals:

1 for eyebolt terminal, 1/0 to 500 MCM, 630 A max.


3 for 2-hole flat pad terminal, 630 A max.
4 for 4-hole flat pad terminal, 800 A max.
5 for stud-type terminal, 800 A max.

1 Interface:
1 for NOVA AP, with auxiliary-powered interface 120 Vac closing (14-pin & 2-pin receptacles)
2 for NOVA AP, with auxiliary-powered interface 240 Vac closing (14-pin & 2-pin receptacles)
3 for NOVA CP, with control-powered interface (19-pin receptacle), 120 Vac Heater
4 for NOVA CP, with control-powered interface (19-pin receptacle), 240 Vac Heater
5 for NOVA AP, with auxiliary-powered interface 125 Vdc closing (14-pin & 2-pin receptacles)
6 for NOVA AP, with auxiliary-powered interface 250 Vdc closing (14-pin & 2-pin receptacles)
7 for NOVA AP, with auxiliary-powered interface 48 Vdc closing (14-pin & 2-pin receptacles)

KNOVA 15A 1 1
KNOVA15A11 is the catalog number for the required basic NOVA recloser.
* Include the base catalog number of the selected control when ordering a NOVA recloser.
Standard terminal, included when ordering a NOVA recloser.

Table 8. Continuous Current Options*

Table 6. BIL Options


Description

Catalog Number

Description

Catalog Number

15 kV 125 kV BIL

KNOVA28-1

15 kV 800 A option

KNOVA22-1

27 kV 150 kV BIL

KNOVA25-1

27 kV 800 A option

KNOVA24-1

38 kV 800 A option

KNOVA27-1

* When ordering the standard eyebolt terminal in conjunction with the 800 A option,
eyebolt terminals suitable for 4/0 1000 mcm conductors will be provided.

Table 7. Interrupting Rating*


Description

Catalog Number

16 kA Maximum Interrupting

16 kA

* Applicable to KNOVA15A/27A only

Table 9. Internal Voltage Sensing Option*


Description

Catalog Number

Internal Voltage Sensing option,


15.5-38 kV

KNOVA-848

Internal Voltage Sensing Cable


(basic cable, no length)

KA97ME

Internal Voltage Sensing Cable, maximum 50 feet


Replace X with number of feet.

KA97ME-X

* Available with Form 5 and Form 6 Controls only.

280-42-10

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 280-42

NOVA15, NOVA27, and NOVA38 three-phase,


microprocessor-controlled reclosers

Effective May 2014

Table 10. Mounting Equipment


Description

Catalog
Number

Single pole-mounting hanger with stainless steel hardware

KNOVA54-3

Single concrete-pole-mounting hanger with stainless steel hardware

KNOVA54-4

Surge-arrester-mounting brackets with stainless steel hardware


Inboard

KNOVA61-2

Outboard

KNOVA61-1

Alley-pole-mounting hanger with stainless steel hardware

KNOVA352-1

Arrester brackets (set of 3)

KNOVA353-1

Arrester brackets (set of 6)

KNOVA353-2

Substation-mounting frame with stainless steel hardware


includes control-mounting bracket for FXA, FXB (single- and double-size cabinet),
Form 5, and Form 6 Yard and Pole Mount

KNOVA59-1

Field kit for NOVA recloser on substation-mounting frame KA89WV1

KNOVA457-1

Field kit for NOVA recloser on substation-mounting frame KA584R1

KNOVA457-4

Table 11. Factory Assembly


Description

Catalog
Number

Recloser in single pole-mounting hanger KNOVA54-3

KNOVA354-1

Recloser in single pole-mounting hanger KNOVA54-3 with arrester brackets

KNOVA354-2

Recloser on alley-pole-mounting hanger KNOVA352-1

KNOVA456-1

Recloser on alley-pole-mounting hanger KNOVA352-1 with arrester brackets

KNOVA456-2

* Covers factory assembly only; recloser, control, and mounting equipment must be ordered separately.

Table 12. Auxiliary Switch


Description

Catalog
Number

Three-stage auxiliary switch with six independent contacts


and receptacle for KNOVA82 cable

KNOVA66-2

Auxiliary switch cable for KNOVA66-2, auxiliary switch to control,


(basic cable, no length)

KNOVA82

Auxiliary switch cable, maximum 100 feet.


Replace X with number of feet.

KNOVA82-X

Table 13. Miscellaneous Accessories


Description

Catalog
Number

Low-voltage AC input cable (auxiliary-powered Type B interface only, basic cable, no length)

KA11ME1

Replace X with number of feet.

KA11ME1-X

Source and load wildlife guards, 630 A recloser (set of 6)

KNOVA56-6

Source and load wildlife guards, 800 A recloser (set of 6)

KGS560-6

www.cooperpower.com

280-42-11

Technical Data 280-42

NOVA15, NOVA27, and NOVA38 three-phase,


microprocessor-controlled reclosers

Effective May 2014

Eaton
1000 Eaton Boulevard
Cleveland, OH 44122
United States
Eaton.com
Eatons Cooper Power Systems Business
2300 Badger Drive
Waukesha, WI 53188
United States
Cooperpower.com
2014 Eaton
All Rights Reserved
Printed in USA
Publication No. 280-42
May 2014

280-42-12

Eaton, Cooper Power Systems, and NOVA are


valuable trademarks of Eaton in the U.S. and
other countries. You are not permitted to use
the these trademarks without the prior written
consent of Eaton.
IEEE Std C37.60-2003 standard is a
trademark of the Institute of Electrical and
Electronics Engineers, Inc., (IEEE). This
publication is not endorsed or approved by
the IEEE.

For Eatons Cooper Power


Systems NOVA recloser
product information call
1-877-277-4636 or visit: www.
cooperpower.com.

Technical Data 280-101

Effective January 2014


Supersedes August 2013

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Contents
Description Page
Description Page
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ordering Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Constructing a Recloser Catalog Number. . . . . . . 3
Recloser Accessories and Mounting Equipment . 3
Constructing a Control Catalog Number. . . . . . . . 5
Control Accessories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Recloser Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Ratings and Characteristic Features . . . . . . . . 8
Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Vacuum Interruption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Surge Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Recloser Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Vacuum Interrupters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Manual Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Accessories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Ratings and Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Control Features.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Control Security. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Protection Profiles. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reclosing and Overcurrent Protection/TCCs. .
High Current Lockout. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cold Load Pickup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hot Line Tag. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fast Trips Disabled. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sequence Coordination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manual Close Time Delay. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Metering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diagnostic Tools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recloser Wear Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sequence of Events Recorder. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data Profiler. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact Input/Output (I/O) Module Option . . .
Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Font Panel Human Machine Interface (HMI). .
Display LCD Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
User Interface and LED Indicators. . . . . . . . . .
Operating Panel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
One-Touch Function Keys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operation Upon Loss of AC Power.. . . . . . . . .
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
14
14
15
15
15
16
17
17
17

280-101-1

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

Description

Ordering information

The SPEAR single-phase recloser and control is the latest addition


to Eatons Cooper Power Systems product offering for single-phase
electronically controlled reclosers. This solution provides reliable,
economical overcurrent protection, advanced metering, and SCADA
communications for distribution circuits rated through 34.5 kV.

To order a basic SPEAR recloser:

Specifically with the SPEAR recloser, it uses a solid cycloaliphaticepoxy polymer with an encapsulated vacuum interrupter. The SPEAR
reclosers mechanism is reliable, lightweight, and utilizes a magnetic
actuator to provide a lifetime of trouble free operation. The solid
polymer system does not rely on a gaseous, liquid, or foam dielectric
insulating material. The SPEAR recloser is highly resistant to ozone,
oxygen, moisture, contamination, and ultraviolet light.
Designed and tested with the SPEAR control, the SPEAR recloser
offers superior coordination, protection, and application capabilities.
Recloser operations are programmed using the SPEAR control with
accurate characteristics and a host of advanced features. Precise
operating tolerances enable close coordination with other protective
devices on the system. When system requirements change,
program settings are easily altered with no sacrifice of accuracy or
consistency.
Compact and lightweight, SPEAR reclosers are easily installed on
poles or in substations. Mounting equipment is available for both
pole and substation mounting applications.
Recloser and control accessories enable further tailoring of the
protective program to achieve maximum system operating flexibility.
The SPEAR control is the next in a line of fully integrated controls
developed by Eatons Cooper Power Systems. This means one
standard operating system and front panel to train technicians on.
This translates to fewer training expenses, reduced inventory, and a
distribution system that is much easier to maintain.
In addition to the flexible and user-friendly platform, the new SPEAR
control has the communications technology to take your system into
the future. With fully modular communication compatibilities, the
SPEAR control supports cellular and radio communications utilizing
Serial DNP3 protocol. A side panel RS-232 communications port is
available for connection to SCADA or other devices. The communication port is accessed by swing the control panel forward.
The SPEAR control can compute power, energy, power factor, and
power flow direction based upon the reclosers CT current output,
and the customer supplied voltage input.
The standardized front panel of the SPEAR control can be used to
program and interrogate the control, as well as to display metering
and alarm information. Control parameters can also be programmed
via personal computer using ProView NXG interface software.
Temporary connection to the control can be made through the
front panel USB port allowing programming and data downloads
to a laptop or PC. The ProView NXG interface software includes
the functionality modify time-current curves (TCCs), and provide
diagnostic information. The SPEAR control analysis tools include
event recording, data profiling, and various metering capabilities.

280-101-2

www.cooperpower.com

See the Constructing a recloser catalog number section to


construct a catalog number that describes the required recloser.

From Tables 1 through 5, specify the catalog numbers that


describe the required accessories.

To order a basic SPEAR control:


On page 5, see the Constructing a control catalog number


section that describes the required control.

From Table 6, specify the catalog number that describes the


required control cable.

From Tables 7 through 12, specify the catalog numbers that


describe the required accessories.

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

Constructing a recloser catalog number


To order a basic SPEAR recloser, 15 kV, with 8 kA fault interrupting and 400 amp continuous current, the catalog number would be constructed in this manner:

KSPEAR Basic letters for a SPEAR recloser


15 Recloser Maximum Operating Voltage


15 for 15 kV, 110 kV BIL


27 for 27 kV, 125 kV BIL
38 for 38 kV, 170 kV BIL

8 Fault Interrupting Current



8 for 8 kA

12 for 12.5 kA

400

Continuous Current Rating


400 for 400 amp (8 kA use only)

630 for 630 amp (12.5 kA use only)

800 for 800 amp (12.5 kA use only)

KSPEAR 15

8 400

KSPEAR15-8-400 is the catalog number for the required basic SPEAR recloser.

Recloser options and mounting equipment


Table 1. Rating Impulse Voltage (BIL) Options
Description

Catalog Number

125 kV BIL for KSPEAR15


150 kV BIL for KSPEAR27

KSPR-255-60
KSPR-255-61

Table 2. Tank and Heater Options


Description

120 Vac Heater


Mild steel tank
Stainless steel tank
240 Vac heater
Mild steel tank
Stainless steel tank

Catalog Number

KSPR-MS-120
KSPR-SS-120
KSPR-MS-240
KSPR-SS-240

Table 3. Bushing Terminals


Description

Catalog Number

Standard eyebolt terminals, 1/0-500 MCM


Eyebolt terminals, 4/0-1000 MCM
2-hole flat pad terminals
4-hole flat pad terminals
Stud-style terminals, 1.125 dia. threaded

KSPR-201-21
KSPR-201-22
KSPR-201-23
KSPR-204-24
KSPR-201-25

For use with 400 and 630 amp continuous current only
For use with 800 amp continuous current only

www.cooperpower.com

280-101-3

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

Table 4. Miscellaneous Accessory Options


Description

Catalog Number

Wildlife restraints, set of 2


Terminal shields for enhanced environmental protection, set of 2
for 400 or 630 amp eyebolt, 2-hole flat pad or stud terminals
for 800 amp eyebolt or 4-hole flat pad terminals

KSPR-56-7
KSPR-245-1
KSPR-245-2

Table 5. Mounting Equipment Options


Description

Catalog Number

Pole mounting extension


Crossarm mounting bracket, set of 2
Arrester mounting brackets
Standard, galvanized steel
Set of 1
Set of 2
Stainless steel
Set of 1
Set of 2

KSPR-364
KA39H2

KSPR-932-2
KSPR-932-1
KSPR-932-4
KSPR-932-3

Pole mounting extension bracket is required for any recloser application greater than 125 kV BIL.

280-101-4

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

Constructing a control catalog number


To order a basic SPEAR control for use with the SPEAR recloser, for 120 Vac primary power, with a standard 8 amp-hour battery, mild steel
cabinet, standard 2 input/output auxiliary contacts, standard DNP protocol, no communication interface and English language, the catalog
number would be constructed in this manner:

KSPEARC Basic letters for a SPEAR control



A Recloser Maximum Operating Voltage
A for use with: SPEAR recloser
0 Primary Power Code
0 = 120 Vac primary power
1 = 240 Vac primary power
0 Battery option:
0 = 8 Amp-hour battery
1 = Mounting provisions only for 8 amp-hour battery (No battery)
0 Cabinet option:
0 = Mild steel cabinet
1 = Stainless steel cabinet
1 Front panel option:
1 = Standard inserts
0 I/O option:
0 = Standard, 2 input/2 output contacts
0 Communication protocol
0 = Standard, DNP
0 Communication interface
0 = standard, none

1 = RS-232 Communications card


E Language
E = English
KSPEARC
A 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 E
KSPEARCA0001000E is the catalog number for the control in the example above.

www.cooperpower.com

280-101-5

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

Control accessories
Table 6. Control Cables
Description

Catalog Number

Control cable: (basic cable, no length)


Replace X with desired length. Select from 5 to 50 feet.
Armored (10 ft.) control cable: (basic cable, no length)
Replace X with desired length. Select from 11 to 50 feet.

KA148ME
KA148ME-X
KA149ME
KA149ME-X

Table 7. Receptacles and Wiring


Description

Catalog Number

AC input receptacles
120 Vac or 240 Vac input receptacle, 2-pin
120 Vac input receptacle, 3-pin
No input receptacle; for hard-wiring input

KSPRC-1775-H
KSPRC-1775-J
KSPRC-1775-0

Table 8. Input Cables


Description

Catalog Number

AC input cables
Input cable, 120 or 240 Vac, two-wire for 2-pin input, for use with
KSPRC-1775-H receptacle. (Basic cable, no length)
Replace X with desired length. Select from 0-50 feet.*
Armored (10 ft) input cable: (Basic cable, no length)
Replace X with desired length. Select from 10-50 feet.
Input cable, 120 Vac, three-wire for 3-pin input, for use with
KSPRC-1775-J receptacle. (Basic cable, no length)
Replace X with desired length. Select from 0-50 feet.*
* To order a mating plug body only (no cable, for customer supplied cable), enter length as 0.

280-101-6

www.cooperpower.com

KA11ME1
KA11ME1-X
KA124ME
KA124ME-X
KME4-67-3
KME4-67-3-X

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

Table 9. Automation Packages


Description

Wireless communication provisions package


Includes 13.5 Vdc interface board and radio mounting tray (Radio and communications
interface card not included)
Cellular communications connection and protection package:
32 SMA(m)-N(m) coax pigtail, 700 MHz-2 GHz Polyphaser and mounting hardware,
N(f)-type external termination
WiFi/Max communications connection and protection package
32 SMA(m)-N(m) coax pigtail, 2 GHz-6 GHz Polyphaser and mounting hardware,
N(f)-type external termination, TNC(m)-SMA(f) inline coaxial adapter
125 MHz-1 GHz N-terminated radio connection and protection package
25 N(m)-N(m) coax pigtail, 125 MHz-1 GHz Polyphaser and mounting hardware,
N(f)-type external termination
700 MHz-2 GHz TNC-terminated radio connection and protection package
32 TNC(m)-N(m) coax pigtail, 700 MHz-2 GHz Polyphaser and mounting hardware
N(f)-type external termination
Polyphaser and mounting hardware - 125 MHz-1 GHz
Polyphaser and mounting hardware - 700 MHz-2 GHz
Polyphaser and mounting hardware - 2 GHz-6 GHz

Catalog Number

KSPRC-1774-29

KSPRC-1774-22*

KSPRC-1774-23*

KSPRC-1774-24*

KSPRC-1774-25*
KSPRC-1775-A*
KSPRC-1775-B*
KSPRC-1775-C*

Required Communication Interface Option: (1) RS-232 Interface


* Requires that the KSPRC-1774-29 Wireless Communication Provisions Package also be ordered

Table 10. Communication Support Equipment


Description

Catalog Number

USB Cable: Type A male to Type B male connectors 2.0 meters (6.5 feet) length

KSPRC-66

Table 11. Cable Locking Sleeves


Description

Catalog Number

Cable locking sleeve, quantity 1


Cable locking sleeve, quantity 2
Cable locking sleeve, quantity 3

KSPRC-1772-1
KSPRC-1772-2
KSPRC-1772-3

Table 12. Miscellaneous Accessories


Description

Catalog Number

120 Vac Battery charger for spare batteries


Adapter cable, 15 ft., for use with KMET Tester

KME5-60-1
KSPRC-145-15

www.cooperpower.com

280-101-7

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

Recloser features

Recloser operation

Ratings and characteristic features

Fault currents are sensed by one 1000:1 ratio sensing current transformer embedded in the recloser. This CT provides a continuous
measurement of line current, monitored by the electronic control.
When current level exceeds the programmed minimum trip level,
the magnitude of the overcurrent is integrated with time, using a
programmed timecurrent curve characteristic. The control then signals the trip in the recloser, opening the main contact of the encapsulated vacuum bottle.

Single-phase protection on systems rated 2.4 through 14.4 kV is provided by SPEAR15 reclosers. SPEAR27 reclosers can be applied on
systems rated through 27.0 kV. Higher-voltage system protection at
34.5 kV is provided by Type SPEAR38 reclosers. A ratings summary
for SPEAR reclosers is shown in Tables 13.

Operation
Sensing current transformers, embedded in the recloser, supply
fault-sensing information to the electronic control. Tripping and closing signals from the control energize the operating circuits in the
recloser. Due to a single CT ratio for all ratings, minimum-trip values
of the electronic control are independent of the continuous-current
and interrupting ratings of the recloser.
Flexibility in coordination with other protective devices is provided by
varied timecurrent characteristics from a choice of standard or customized curves, minimum trip values, reclosing and resetting time
settings, and a selection of accessories.

Vacuum interruption
A single break on each phase is accomplished by separating contacts inside the vacuum interrupter. All arcing is contained within the
vacuum envelope. The patented axial-magnetic vacuum interrupters,
used in SPEAR reclosers, offers extended and increased duty cycles
compared with oil or radial-magnetic interrupters. The axial-magnetic
field keeps the arc in a diffused mode, resulting in less arc power to
be dissipated, resulting in low thermal stress, suitable for encapsulation.

Surge protection
Best operating results are achieved if reclosers are protected with
surge arresters. On line applications, arrester protection is recommended on both sides of the recloser. (If protection is on one side
only, it should be on the source side. In substations, arresters should
be on the load side.) Eatons Cooper Power Systems distribution
class arresters provide excellent protection and are available with
mounting brackets to fit SPEAR reclosers.

The control signals tripping and closing. The recloser always maintains energy for a tripping operation following a closing operation.
The electronic recloser control provides determination of phase trip
sequences and operations to lockout and reclosing and resetting timing, adjustable with the control without de-energizing the recloser.

Construction
Recloser
Designed for long service life and no maintenance, the SPEAR
recloser has a solid-polymer interrupter module with an embedded
current transformer and a standard mild steel mechanism housing;
light gray is the standard color.
Cycloaliphatic-epoxy polymer encapsulation provides solid insulation
and maintenance-free, environmentally safe operation. There is no
monitoring or maintaining of gas pressure or oil levels; there are no
toxic or environmentally unfriendly materials.
There are no foam fillers or insulation seals, eliminating potential
moisture ingress areas. The SPEAR recloser module exhibits good
absorption of elastic energy and resistance to cracking and crack
propagation. Additionally, durable environmental properties make the
solid polymer suitable for outdoor applications, including seacoasts,
deserts, and areas of high pollution.

Surface tracking
The cycloaliphatic epoxy is highly resistant to contaminants and
resists tracking and flashovers under extreme pollution levels to
reduce both flashovers and the associated cost of repairs.

Hydrophobicity
The module maintains excellent hydrophobicity, a property characterized by water beading into isolated drops, and is highly resistant to
moisture absorption. Hydrophobicity prevents continuous sheets of
water from forming leakage current paths that deteriorate the creepage withstand level.

Ultraviolet resistance
The cycloaliphatic epoxy resists ultraviolet radiation damage even in
harsh climates, maintaining a smooth, unblemished, self-cleansing
surface with low-adhesion to contaminants.

Tensile strength
Outstanding tensile and flexural strength characteristics mean the
SPEAR recloser module is tough and non-fragmenting, reducing
shipment and handling charges.

Manual OPEN

Shed design
The shed design utilizes alternate sized skirts. The major sheds
shield and protect the minor sheds to enhance the hydrophobicity and ultraviolet resistance of the module, eliminate formation
of microcracks, and ensure extra-protected creepage. Additionally,
sharp edges direct water away from the unit. Water paths and ice
formations are effectively eliminated.

Flashover recovery
Figure 1. SPEAR recloser

280-101-8

www.cooperpower.com

Flashovers occur when an object, usually wildlife, contacts energized


parts of the equipment. The SPEAR recloser minimizes the effect
of flashovers with remarkable physical resilience, arc-quenching
properties, and a self-healing ability. SPEAR reclosers can withstand

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

the enormous forces experienced during faults without wholesale


damage and allows reenergizing after external flashover without
cleaning.

Vacuum interrupters
SPEAR reclosers use vacuum as the interrupting medium. Vacuum
interrupters (Figure 2) provide fast, low-energy arc interruption
with long contact and interrupter life, low mechanical stress, and
maximum operating safety. With arc interruption taking place in a
vacuum, contact and interrupter life are several times greater than
with interruption in oil, virtually eliminating interrupter maintenance.

Because the smallest amount of internal contamination can


significantly shorten the life of a vacuum interrupter, special care is
taken to avoid even minute contamination from any source, including
dust particles, machining oils, or human body salts. No paraffinic
oils are used in the machining process, all machined parts are put
through a cleaning/ degreasing process, and then all components are
electro-polished in a positive-pressure, air-filtered area. A Class 100
clean room facility is used for the final interrupter production. The
furnaces employ a custom-designed, three-stage pumping system to
yield high levels of vacuum. Every vacuum interrupter is then tested
and tracked with individual serial numbers.

Manual operation
The recloser can be opened manually with a hotstick to pull down
the yellow manual OPEN handle under the sleet hood. With the
handle in the OPEN position, the control cannot close the recloser.
The recloser is closed, following a manual open, by pushing the
yellow handle back under the sleet hood and then using the
electronic control to close the recloser.
Similarly, the recloser can be operated from the manual control
switch on the electronic control panel, provided the manual
operating handle is up. A red contact position indicator flag, adjacent
to the manual operating handle, shows recloser contact position.

Accessories
Figure 2. Cross section of a vacuum interrupter used in SPEAR
reclosers.
Eatons Cooper Power System vacuum interrupters are designed
with a metal and ceramic housing for maximum strength and
long-term vacuum integrity. Oxygen-free, high conductivity copper,
stainless steel, and a nickel-copper alloy are used in the vacuum
interrupters. The high alumina ceramic has more than five times the
strength of glass, which permits a higher processing temperature
to develop maximum purity of the assembly, and is impervious to
helium penetration, maintaining the vacuum level. Additionally, it
provides wear resistance, chemical resistance, and a high dielectric
strength.

Terminals
The standard terminal is an eyebolt, 1/0500 mcm (630 A). Eyebolt
4/0 1000 mcm (800 A), 2-hole and 4-hole, flat-pad terminals, and
stud-type terminals are available as an accessory.

Pole-mounting hanger
A pole-mounting hanger, which bolts directly to the recloser tank, is
available for pole-mounting installation.

Arrester-mounting brackets
The arrester-mounting bracket accessory can be bolted to the
recloser tank. The arresters are not included with the brackets.

Enclosed in the interrupter is a stationary and a moving contact


assembly. The moving contact has a travel of approximately onehalf inch, its shaft passing through a flexible bellows that maintains
vacuum integrity. Contacts consist of a high purity copper sintered
with aluminathermic chromium.

www.cooperpower.com

280-101-9

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

Table 13. Ratings and specifications


Rating

15-8-400

15-12-630

15-12-800

27-8-400

27-12-630

27-12-800

38-8-400

38-12-630

38-12-800

Maximum Design Voltage (kV)


Nominal Operating Voltage (kV)
Basic Insulation Level (BIL*) (kV)
60 Hertz Withstand Voltage (kV)
Dry, one minute
Wet, ten seconds
Max RIV at 1.0 MHz
9.4 kV (V)
16.4 kV (V)
23.0 kV (V)
Continuous Current Ratings (A)
Sym. Interrupting Current (A)
Overload Capability
125% - 8 Hours (A)
150% - 4 Hours (A)
Cable Charging Current (A)
Line Charging Current (A)
Three-Second Current, Sym. (A)

15.5
14.4
110

15.5
14.4
110

15.5
14.4
110

27.0
24.9
125

27.0
24.9
125

27.0
24.9
125

38.0
34.5
170

38.0
34.5
170

38.0
34.5
170

50
45

50
45

50
45

60
50

60
50

60
50

70
60

70
60

70
60

100

100

100
100

100

100

400
8,000

630
12,500

800
12,500

400
8,000

630
12,500

800
12,500

100
400
8,000

100
630
12,500

100
800
12,500

500
600
10
2
8,000

788
945
10
2
12,500

None

10
2
12,500

500
600
25
5
8,000

788
945
25
5
12,500

None

25
5
12,500

500
600
40
5
8,000

788
945
40
5
12,500

None

40
5
12,500

*Extended BIL option available on 15.5 kV and 27 kV products.

Table 14. Mechanical Life


2,500

Minimum Operations

Table 15. Duty Cycle


Percent of Maximum
Circuit Interrupting Rating

Minimum
X/R Ratio

Number of Unit
Operations at 12.5 kA

15-20

88

45-55

112

90-100

17

32
Total 232

Table 16. Mass (Weight) per Single-Phase Recloser


Recloser

SPEAR15

SPEAR27

SPEAR38

lbs (kg)

105 (48)

110 (50)

120 (55)

280-101-10

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

Receptacle - Control Cable

Creepage Distances
Description

SPEAR15

SPEAR27

SPEAR38

Terminal to Terminal

40.9 in
1040 mm
26.5 in
673 mm

40.9 in
1040 mm
30.5 in
772 mm

40.9 in
1040 mm
37.5 in
950 mm

Lower Terminal to Ground


15.75 in
(401 mm)

10.5 in
(267 mm)

9.75 in
(248 mm)
A

A
Ground Connector
#6 Solid to 250 MCM
Stranded Cable Range

B
12 in (305 mm)

Mounting Holes
for 5/8 in (15 mm)
Bolts

16.25 in (159 mm)

11.25 in
(283 mm)
SPEAR Recloser Dimensions

SPEAR15
SPEAR27
SPEAR38

34.5 in
878 mm
36.75 in
933 mm
40.5 in
1033 mm

27.5 in
693 mm
29.5 in
749 mm
33.5 in
848 mm

45.55 in
1157 mm
47.75 in
1213 mm
51.5 in
1312 mm


Terminal Option Type

Dimension A

Eyebolt - (630 A)
1/0 to 500 MCM Cable Range
Eyebolt - (800 A)
4/0 to 1000 MCM Cable Range
Flat Pad - 2 Hole (630 A max)
Flat Pad - 4 Hole (800 A max)
Stud Type - (800 A max)
1.125 - 12 threads

3.25 in/80 mm
4.25 in/108 mm
4.5 in/114 mm
4.75 in/121 mm
3.25 in/82 mm

Figure 3. Recloser dimensions.

www.cooperpower.com

280-101-11

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

6 .6 in (167.6 mm)

SPEAR Recloser Top View

.8 1 in (20.6 mm)

6 .6 in (167.6 mm)
1 8 .0 in (457.2 mm)
6 .6 in (167.6 mm)

.8 1 in (20.6 mm)

1 8 .0 in (457.2 mm)

SPEAR Recloser Side View

NNote: Dimensions for recloser are shown on page 11.

Figure 4. Recloser dimensions with pole-mounting accessory.

280-101-12

www.cooperpower.com

SPEAR Recloser Mounting Channel Dimensions.

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

Control features

Sequence coordination

Control security

The SPEAR control Sequence Coordination feature will allow


the control to step through selected operations in the operating
sequence without tripping when a down-line recloser is proceeding
through its reclose sequence. The number of advances is programmable from one to three operations to provide trip coordination with
the down-line recloser.

The SPEAR single-phase recloser control has multiple customerprogrammable security codes to limit control programming and
viewing function access to authorized personnel. The SPEAR control
is capable of supporting numeric passwords. The front panel HumanMachine Interface (HMI) includes a user-selected security code to
access the settings. Plus, the ProView NXG interface software has
its own security levels for multiple-user access.

Protection profiles

Manual close time delay


The SPEAR control includes a Manual Close Delay which provides a
delay from the time the manual CLOSE button is pushed to the time
the manual close operation is performed.

The SPEAR control provides two protection profiles, each capable of


fully specifying the operation of the control. The protection profiles
are selectable through the front-panel push button interface or
through the interface software and USB communication port. Each
protection profile contains overcurrent protection and operation
settings.

The SPEAR control comes equipped with a full complement of


metering capabilities, which include instantaneous, demand, demand
peak, and energy metering. The control will be capable of the following metering values:

Reclosing and overcurrent protection/TCCs

Real and reactive power, including direction of power flow

Demand currents

Instantaneous currents

Instantaneous voltage

Instantaneous frequency

Energy

Instantaneous power factor

Metering Settings which include demand interval, and alarm


thresholds for current, voltage, frequency, power factor, frequency, kVA, kVAR, and kW

The SPEAR control offers flexible phase overcurrent protection which


can be programmed with up to four operations-to-lockout. Each
time-current curve (TCC) can be individually programmed from up
to fifty-four standard curves which can be further customized. Timecurrent curves are available for fast and delayed operations. Reclose
intervals and reset time can also be programmed by the user.

High current lockout


The High Current Lockout (HCL) feature will automatically lockout
the control when the current exceeds a programmed threshold. The
active number of selectable operations to lockout is independently
selectable for each protection profile.

Metering

Cold load pickup

Diagnostic tools

The SPEAR control provides a Cold Load Pickup (CLPU) feature that
will prevent the control from tripping due to short-term increases in
current caused by loss of normal load diversity or feeder inrush. This
feature has an independently programmable minimum trip value,
time-current curve, reclose interval, and number of operations to
lockout for each protection profile. The CLPU feature will also inhibit
normal overcurrent protection during the CLPU active time.

The SPEAR control comes complete with a suite of diagnostic tools


to help troubleshoot problems, analyze system events and conditions, and monitor the life of your recloser. All diagnostic information
is stored in non-volatile memory so even if the control loses power,
all system and event information will remain intact.

Hot line tag


The SPEAR control includes a Hot Line Tag (HLT) membrane push
button that will block all Close operations, local or remote, for liveline work. The control will trip on one operation-to-lockout on the
composite curve of the HLT definite time and the TCC1 curve,
whichever is faster, when HLT is active. Hot Line Tag takes precedence over Cold Load Pickup, Non-Reclosing, and Fast Trips
Disabled. The Hot Line Tag time delay is independently selectable for
each protection profile.

Fast trips disabled


The Fast Trips Disabled feature will ignore the normal TCCs and number of trips and instead use the Fast Trips Disabled settings when
Fast Trips Disabled is active. Fast Trips Disabled is independently
selectable for each protection profile.

www.cooperpower.com

280-101-13

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

Recloser wear monitor

Contact input/output (I/O) module option

The Recloser Wear Monitor will observe the life of the recloser apparatus by recording how many times the recloser has been opened as
well as keep track of the current interrupted in percentage compared
to preset total Duty Cycle Factor. The monitor allows for programmable entries to preset the duty of an existing recloser.

The SPEAR control comes pre-configured with two sets of Input


and Output contacts. This feature permits connection of contact
type input devices (switches, relays) and discrete indicating devices
(relays, LEDs, lamps) to the SPEAR control to affect local discrete
input/output. The SPEAR control is designed to only have a maximum of 2 Inputs and Output contacts. Additional I/O is not required.

Sequence of events recorder


The Sequence of Events (SOE) Recorder is capable of capturing discrete events such as Open/Close status changes, faults, mechanism
failures, etc. The SOE places an accurate time stamp and analog
information on the events and stores them in non-volatile memory
so they wont be lost in the event that the control loses power. The
SOE recorder is capable of maintaining up to 1000 events and can
record up to 48 different event types, including overcurrent trip, control trip, non-reclose ON/OFF, external alarm, and control lockout.

Data profiler
A fully configurable data profiler is available which allows the user
to collect information by sampling data at selectable intervals. These
time-stamped values can then be viewed to determine weekly load
profiles, hourly voltage and/or current fluctuations, battery voltage
and current, and frequency. The number of days of information the
data profiler can provide depends upon configuration parameters.

Communications
The SPEAR control is equipped with one communication accessory
expansion bay offering versatile support for modern communication
media. One distinct communication option is available, providing
two-way, real time SCADA communications with a remote terminal
unit (RTU), short or long-range radio, or other communication devices with DNP3 support. The following option is available:

RS-232 (isolated) Serial communication card

The expansion bay communication accessory concept offers high


versatility with respect to communication medium and protocol
support. Additional accessories are being continuously developed.
Contact your Eatons Cooper Power Systems representative for the
latest information regarding particular media and communication
protocol support

Figure 5. Serial RS-232.

Figure 6. SPEAR single-phase recloser control-side panel


communication port.
280-101-14

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

Front panel human-machine interface (HMI)

Display LCD module (Figure 7)

The SPEAR control has a newly designed, intuitive Human-Machine


Interface (HMI) (Figure 8) that is designed to minimize training costs.

4 lines-by-16 characters with backlighting option

Designed with simple to use arrow keypad look and operation

Automatic backlight shut off after 15 minutes of inactivity

User interface and LED indicators


The status indicator LEDs (Figures 9 and 10) provide instant
notification on the recloser and control status.

Figure 7. Display LCD module.

PHASE FAULT: This LED illuminates when the control issues


an overcurrent trip signal while the phase current exceeds the
programmed minimum trip value.

ABOVE MIN TRIP: This LED illuminates when the control detects
that current is above the programmed minimum trip value

LOCKOUT: This LED illuminates to indicate the control is in a


locked out state, i.e. a reclosing sequence is not in progress. This
LED does not indicate that the recloser is open.

OPEN: This LED illuminates to indicate the recloser is in the open


position

CLOSED: This LED illuminates to indicate the recloser is in the


closed position. The LED will blink when a delayed CLOSE is
active. A Close will occur when the manual close delay timer
expires.

Common look and feel similar to other ProView NXG Based


controls simplifies HMI understanding and operation

Indicators for phase fault and above


minimum trip at a glance
Indicators show control diagnostics

LED indicates the status of


the recloser (Open, Closed, or
Locked out)

Front panel USB port allow


for easy connection to laptop

Trip and Close membrane push


buttons are easily operated in
any condition

Soft-keys allow for single push


activation of commonly used
control functions

Hot Line Tag membrane push button for


easy activation of HLT. A ring of three (3)
LEDs indicates when HLT is active.

Figure 8. Front panel Human-Machine Interface (HMI).

www.cooperpower.com

280-101-15

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

ALARM: This LED illuminates to indicate an alarm condition exists.


The LED will flash for unacknowledged alarms, and will continuously illuminate for acknowledged alarms.

CONTROL OK: This indicator illuminates to indicate that the control passed self-diagnostics and is capable of normal operation

AC POWER: This indicator is illuminated when the presence of ac


input power to the control is sensed

BATTERY: This LED illuminates to indicate battery voltage is low or


the battery failed an operator-initiated manual test

The DATA PORT section (Figure 11) on the front operating panel
allows for direct connection to a personal computer.

The USB data port is a client port used to communicate with the
control from a personal computer. This port is used for accessing
the control with ProView NXG application software. All settings,
metering, alarms, and events are available from this port.

Operating panel (Figure 12)


Figure 9. Status Indicator LEDs.

TRIP (Lockout) Membrane Push Button: The TRIP push button


provides front-panel access to trip (lockout) the recloser. When
pressed, the TRIP push button opens the recloser and locks out
the control.

CLOSE Membrane Push Button: When pressed, the CLOSE


push button returns the control to the initial or home sequence
position, closing the recloser. The control is ready for the start of a
new trip/close sequence.

HOT LINE TAG ON/OFF: Hot Line Tag is provided for live-line work
applications. All closing operations are disabled when the Hot Line
Tag feature is activated.
Hot Line Tag prevents all closing attempts from the control and
shifts protection to one trip-to-lockout on the composite curve
of the Hot Line Tag definite time and the TCC1 curve (whichever
is faster). Hot Line Tag takes precedence over Cold Load Pickup,
Non-Reclosing, and Fast Trips Disabled.
Hot Line Tag is activated from either the operator panel membrane push button, local, or remote communications. All sources
must be off to de-activate Hot Line Tag.
The Hot Line Tag function may only be reset by the source which
initiates it.

Figure 10. Status Indicator LEDs.

Figure 12. Operating Panel.

Figure 11. Data Port.

280-101-16

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

One-touch function keys (Figure 13)

Operation upon loss of ac power

SUPERVISORY OFF

The control is equipped with an 8 Amp-Hour 24 Vdc lead acid battery


for operation upon loss of ac power. The control maintains full
operation from the battery for a period of time dependent upon the
battery size:

When the SUPERVISORY OFF red indicator is illuminated, supervisory commands are blocked. Supervisory functions through the
USB data port is not blocked. Communications through the front
panel USB port remain active independent of the status of the
SUPERVISORY OFF switch. Activation of this function key is restricted to the operator panel. Operational data and metering information
are available while the control is in the SUPERVISORY OFF position.

NON RECLOSE
The control is operating in a non-reclosing mode when the NON
RECLOSE indicator is illuminated. Non-reclosing mode disables any
automatic reclosing operations. Non-reclosing does not alter the
active TCC. Activation is possible from the SCADA port, the interface
software, or locally (via the front panel).

BATTERY TEST
A direct shortcut to run the battery test feature. The LCD screen will
show the battery voltage and current. After the battery test is run,
the battery test results are shown (battery voltage and current).

ALT PROFILE 1
The SPEAR control has two protection profiles; a normal profile, and
Alternate Profile. When the operator panel display lights are active
and the ALT PROFILE indicator is not illuminated, the Normal profile
is active. Only one profile can be active.
To select the alternate profile, press the ALT PROFILE button.

8 Amp-Hour 48 hour (approximate) maximum (20 C)

Control programming settings and parameters including event


recorder are stored in non-volatile memory and retained upon loss
of control power. The time/date clock will continue to operate for
approximately 30 days after loss of control power.

Accessories
Incoming power receptacles
The Incoming Power Receptacle allows the user to conveniently plug
the power cable into the control, eliminating the need for hardwiring
to the control. Table 8 includes the part number for the ac input
cable of varying lengths.

Cable locking sleeves


To prevent detachment of the control cable from the control cabinet
by unauthorized personnel, a cable-locking sleeve is available to
enclose the cable plug. The plug is passed through the sleeve and
the sleeve is then fastened from inside the control cabinet. There
is no access to the cable receptacle without opening the locked
cabinet door and detaching the sleeve. The cable locking sleeves
can be ordered up to a quantity of three (3). Refer to Table 11 for the
correct catalog number based on quantity.

To return to the Normal profile, press the ALT PROFILE button to


deselect it. These functions can also be completed remotely via
communications interfaces.

Figure 13. One-touch function keys.

www.cooperpower.com

280-101-17

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

6.00
(152.4)

13.15
(334.01)
12.01
(305.05)

1.13
(28.70)
LIFTING LUG

11.75
(298.45)
10.63
(270.00)

1.69
(42.93)

LATCHES WITH
PADLOCK
PROVISIONS

22.60
(574.04)

MOUNTING CHANNELS

20.87
(530.1)
17.72
(450.09)

1.46
(37.08)

9.84
(249.94)
Front View
(Door Removed)

.87
(22.1)

Right Side View

PROVISIONS FOR UP TO
5/8 in (15 mm)
MOUNTING HARDWARE

POWER SUPPLY

BATTERY

Back View

Figure 14. SPEAR control dimensions.

280-101-18

www.cooperpower.com

GROUND LUG FOR


#4 TO #14 SOLID OR
STRANDED WIRE

Front View
With Control and Door
Removed for Clarity

1.12
(28.45)

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

VENT OPENINGS
INPUT RECEPTACLE

FEMALE RECEPTACLE
FOR RECLOSER
CONTROL CABLE

Bottom View

FOR RADIO ANTENNA


RECEPTACLES

CONTROL MODULE

OPTIONAL RS-232
COMMUNICATION
PORT

CONTACT I/O
MODULE

Module Side View

Figure 14. SPEAR control dimensions (continued).

www.cooperpower.com

280-101-19

Technical Data 280-101

SPEAR single-phase recloser system

Effective January 2014

Eaton
1000 Eaton Boulevard
Cleveland, OH 44122
United States
Eaton.com
Eatons Cooper Power Systems Business
2300 Badger Drive
Waukesha, WI 53188
United States
Cooperpower.com
2014 Eaton
All Rights Reserved
Printed in USA
Publication No. 280-101
January 2014

280-101-20

Eaton, Cooper Power Systems, ProView, and


SPEAR are valuable trademarks of Eaton,
in the U.S. and other countries. You are not
permitted to use these trademarks without
the prior written consent of Eaton.

For Eatons Cooper Power


Systems SPEAR recloser
system product information
call 1-877-277-4636 or visit:
www.cooperpower.com.

Technical Data 280-104

Effective April 2014


Supersedes May 2011

Form 4D microprocessor-based
recloser control and accessories
Description
The Form 4D recloser control is the first in a line
of fully integrated controls developed by Eatons
Cooper Power Systems. These controls will feature
a standard look and feel, and a universal platform
that can be programmed for almost any protective
application. This means one standard operating
system and front panel to train field technicians
on. That translates to fewer training expenses,
reduced inventory, and a distribution system that
is much easier to maintain.
In addition to the flexible and user-friendly
platform, the new Eatons Cooper Power
Systems controls will have the communications
technology to take your system into the future.
With fully modular communication compatibility,
these controls will support cellular and radio
communications utilizing the DNP3 and other
serial and network protocols. Side panel RS-232,
fiber-optic, Ethernet, and RS-485 ports are
available for connection to SCADA or other
devices. These ports are accessed by swinging the
control panel forward.
The Form 4D recloser control provides phase and
ground current sensing, and three-phase voltage
sensing. The Form 4D control can compute power,
energy, power factor, and power flow direction
from these current and voltage inputs.
The standardized front panel of the Form 4D
control can be used to program and interrogate
the control, as well as to display metering and
alarm information. Control parameters can also
be programmed via personal computer using
ProView NXG interface software. Temporary
connection to the control can be made through
the front panel USB port. The ProView NXG
interface software includes the functionality to
create and modify time-current curves (TCCs),
and provides diagnostic information. The Form 4D
control analysis tools include event recording, data
profiling, and various metering capabilities.

280-104-1

Technical Data 280-104

Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories

Effective April 2014

Ordering information
To order a basic Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control:

From Table 1, construct a catalog number that describes the


required control.

From Table 2, specify the catalog number that describes the


required control cable.

From Tables 3 through 11, specify the catalog numbers that


describe the required accessories.

Table 1. Base Form 4D Pole-Mounted Microprocessor-Based Recloser Control


Description

Catalog Number

Base letters for a Form 4D control, pole-mount control


Specify control usage option (Replace X)

A = For use with Eatons Cooper Power Systems auxiliary and line-powered reclosers with 14-pin connection

(WE, WVE27, WVE38X, VWE, VWVE27, VWVE38X, VSA12, VSA12B, VSA16, VSA20, VSA20A,
VSO12,VSO16, NOVA15, NOVA27, NOVA38)

B = For use with Eatons Cooper Power Systems control-powered NOVA reclosers with 19-pin connection
(NOVA15A, NOVA27A, or NOVA38A)
Specify battery option (Replace X)

0 = 8 Amp-Hour battery

1 = 13 Amp-Hour battery

A = Mounting provisions only for the 8 Amp-Hour battery (batteries not included)

B = Mounting provisions only for the 13 Amp-Hour battery (batteries not included)
Specify current sensing option (Replace X)

0 = Standard, 1 Amp CT
Specify voltage connection scheme (Replace X)

0 = Universal voltage inputs
Specify control cabinet code (Replace X)

0 = Mild-steel cabinet

1 = Stainless-steel cabinet
Specify front-panel code (Replace X)

0 = Inserts, Domestic

1 = Inserts, International [Includes SEF inserts as standard.]
Specify I/O options (Replace X)

0 = No universal contacts required

1 = One set of universal contacts, 4in/4out, 12-250 Vac, maximum 12-gauge wire

2 = Two sets of universal contacts, 8in/8out complete, 12-250 Vac, maximum 12-gauge wire

3 = Three sets of universal contacts, 12in/12out complete, 12-250 Vac, maximum 12-gauge wire

4 = Four sets of universal contacts, 16in/16out complete, 12-250 Vac, maximum 12-gauge wire
Specify communication protocols, Port 1* (Replace X)

0 = DNP, IEC 60870-5 (for use with any interface option)

2 = 2179, MODBUS, DNP, and IEC 60870-5 (for use with serial interfaces only)
Specify communication interfaces, Port 1* (Replace X)

0 = Standard; None

1 = RS232 DB9

2 = Serial Fiber ST

3 = RS485 TB, Isolated

4 = Ethernet 100 BASE FX Single-Mode (Fiber-Optic) LC

5 = Ethernet 100 BASE FX Multi-Mode (Fiber-Optic) MTRJ

6 = Ethernet 100 BASE FX Multi-Mode (Fiber-Optic) ST

7 = Ethernet 100 BASE FX Multi-Mode (Fiber-Optic) SC

8 = Ethernet 10/100 BASE T/TX (Copper) RJ45
Specify communication protocols, Port 2* (Replace X)

0 = DNP, IEC 60870-5 (for use with any interface option)

1 = IEC 61850, DNP, and IEC 60870-5 (for use with Ethernet interfaces only)

2 = 2179, MODBUS, DNP, and IEC 60870-5 (for use with serial interfaces only)
Specify communication interfaces, Port 2* (Replace X)

0 = Standard; None

1 = RS232 DB9

2 = Serial Fiber ST

3 = RS485 TB, Isolated

4 = Ethernet 100 BASE FX Single-Mode (Fiber-Optic) LC

5 = Ethernet 100 BASE FX Multi-Mode (Fiber-Optic) MTRJ

6 = Ethernet 100 BASE FX Multi-Mode (Fiber-Optic) ST

7 = Ethernet 100 BASE FX Multi-Mode (Fiber-Optic) SC

8 = Ethernet 10/100 BASE T/TX (Copper) RJ45
Specify language option (Replace X)

E = English

S = Spanish, Latin-America

X = Other Language (contact factory)

KME4DP
KME4DPX

* Refer to the following for communication protocol and communication interface compatibility rules:
DNP Serial is compatible with Communication Interface options 1-3.
DNP TCP/IP is compatible with Communication Interface options 4-8.
IEC 60870-5-101 is compatible with Communication Interface options 1-3.
IEC 60870-5-104 is compatible with Communication Interface options 4-8.
IEC 61850 is compatible with Communication Interface options 4-8.
Cooper 2179 and Modbus are compatible with Communication Interface options 1-3.

280-104-2

www.cooperpower.com

KME4DPXX

KME4DPXXX
KME4DPXXXX
KME4DPXXXXX
KME4DPXXXXXX
KME4DPXXXXXXX

KME4DPXXXXXXXX
KME4DPXXXXXXXXX

KME4DPXXXXXXXXXX

KME4DPXXXXXXXXXXX

KME4DPXXXXXXXXXXXX

Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories

Technical Data 280-104


Effective April 2014

Table 2. Control Cable


Description

Catalog Number

For Types WE, WVE27, WVE38X, VWE, VWVE27, VWVE38X, AC-NOVA15, AC-NOVA27A, AC-NOVA38A
Control cable, 18 gauge, Select from up to 79 feet. (Replace X with desired cable length.)
Control cable, 16 gauge, Select from 80 to 125 feet. (Replace X with desired cable length.)
Control cable, 14 gauge, Select from 126 to 200 feet. (Replace X with desired cable length.)

KA1ME-X
KA18ME-X
KA35ME-X

For Types VSA12, VSA12B, VSA16, VSA20, VSA20A, VSO12, VSO16


Control cable, 18 gauge, Select from 11 to 20 feet. (Replace X with desired cable length.)
Control cable, 16 gauge, Select from 21 to 35 feet. (Replace X with desired cable length.)
Control cable, 14 gauge, Select from 36 to 50 feet. (Replace X with desired cable length.)

KA1ME-X
KA18ME-X
KA35ME-X

For Types DC-NOVA15A, DC-NOVA27A, DC-NOVA38A (control-powered NOVA reclosers)


Control cable, 16 gauge, Select from 11 to 125 feet. (Replace X with desired cable length.)

KA1119R6-X

Table 3. Communication Support Equipment


Description

Catalog Number

USB cable, Type A male-to-Type B male connectors, 2 meters (6.5-ft.)

KME4D-66

Table 4. Receptacles and Wiring


Description

Catalog Number

AC input receptacles
120 Vac or 240 Vac input receptacle, 2-pin
120 Vac input receptacle, 3-pin
240 Vac input receptacle, 3-pin

KME4D-1775-H
KME4D-1775-J
KME4D-1775-K

Low-voltage closing receptacles*


120 Vac low-voltage closing 2-pin input and 2-pin output receptacles
120 Vac low-voltage closing with 3-pin input and 2-pin output receptacles
120 Vac low-voltage closing with inlet hole and 2-pin output receptacle
240 Vac low-voltage closing with 2-pin input and 2-pin output receptacles
240 Vac low-voltage closing with 3-pin input and 2-pin output receptacles
240 Vac low-voltage closing, for 2 wire with inlet hole and 2-pin output receptacle
240 Vac low-voltage closing, for 3 wire with inlet hole and 2-pin output receptacle

KME4D-1775-A
KME4D-1775-B
KME4D-1775-C
KME4D-1775-D
KME4D-1775-E
KME4D-1775-F
KME4D-1775-G

*Low-voltage closing receptacles are only applicable to control usage A. Refer to Table 1.

www.cooperpower.com

280-104-3

Technical Data 280-104

Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories

Effective April 2014

Table 5. Input and Low Voltage Closing Cables


Description

Catalog Number

AC input cables

Input cable, 120 or 240 Vac, two-wire for 2-pin input, for use with KME4D-1775-H, A or D receptacles.
Replace X with desired length. Select from 10 to 80 feet.

Input cable, 240 Vac, three-wire for 3-pin input, for use with KME4D-1775-K or E receptacles.

Replace X with desired length. Select from 10 to 80 feet.

Input cable, 120 Vac, three-wire for 3-pin input, for use with KME4D-1775-J or B receptacles.

Replace X with desired length. Select from 10 to 80 feet.

Low-voltage closing cables



Low-voltage closing cable, 2-wire, for use with KME4D-1775-A, B, C, D, E, F, or G receptacles.

Replace X with desired length. Select from 10 to 80 feet .

KA11ME1-X
KME4-67-2-X
KME4-67-3-X

KA13ME1-X

Table 6. Internal Voltage Sensing


Description

Catalog Number

Internal Voltage Sensing input receptacle, 4-pin

KME4D-3799-A

NNote: Internal voltage sensing receptacle is only compatible with reclosers equipped with internal voltage sensors.
NNote: The internal voltage sensing cable (KA97ME) is ordered with the recloser. If a replacement cable is required, contact your Eatons Cooper Power
Systems representative.

Table 7. Cable Locking Sleeves


Description

Catalog Number

Cable locking sleeve, (quantity of 1)

KME4D-1772-1

Cable locking sleeve, (quantity of 2)

KME4D-1772-2

Cable locking sleeve, (quantity of 3)

KME4D-1772-3

Cable locking sleeve, (quantity of 4)

KME4D-1772-4

Cable locking sleeve, (quantity of 5)

KME4D-1772-5

Table 8.Terminal Blocks (maximum 12-gauge wire)


Description

Catalog Number

BCT shorting-type terminal block for (LOAD) bushings 2, 4, 6

KME4D-1773-A

BCT shorting-type terminal block for (SOURCE) bushings 1, 3, 5

KME4D-1773-B

Terminal block and receptacle for wiring of three-stage auxiliary switch, KA542R3 .

KME4D-1801-11

NNote: For every one terminal block accessory ordered, the maximum additional I/O allowed quantity is reduced by one.

Table 9. Convenience Outlet


Description

Catalog Number

Fused 120 Vac, 3-wire polarized GFI convenience outlet

KME4D-1776

Table 10. Miscellaneous Accessories


Description

Catalog Number

120 Vac Battery Charger for spare batteries

KME5-60-1

Made in USA decal

K89-407-1

280-104-4

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 280-104

Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories

Effective April 2014

Table 11. Automation Accessory Packages

(A maximum of two accessories can be ordered. KME4D-1774-21 is not included in this maximum.)
Description

Catalog Number

Wireless communication provisions package


13.5 Vdc interface board, radio mounting tray (Radio and communications interface cards not included)

KME4D-1774-21

Cellular communications connection and protection package


32 SMA(m)-N(m) coax pigtail, 700MHz - 2GHz PolyPhaser and mounting hardware, N(f)-type external termination

KME4D-1774-14*

WiFi/WiMax communications connection and protection package


32 SMA(m)-N(m) coax pigtail, 2GHz-6GHz Polyphaser and mounting hardware,
N(f)-type external termination, TNC(m)-SMA(m) in-line coaxial adapter

KME4D-1774-15*

125MHz to 1GHz N-terminated radio connection and protection package


25 N(m)-N(m) coax pigtail, 125MHz to 1GHz PolyPhaser and mounting hardware
N(f)-type external termination

KME4D-1774-16*

700MHz to 2GHz TNC-terminated radio connection and protection package


32 TNC(m)-N(m) coax pigtail, 700MHz to 2GHz PolyPhaser and mounting hardware,
N(f)-type external termination

KME4D-1774-17*

PolyPhaser and mounting hardware - 125MHz-1GHz


N(f)-type external termination

KME4D-1774-A*

PolyPhaser and mounting hardware - 700MHz-2GHz


N(f)-type external termination

KME4D-1774-B*

PolyPhaser and mounting hardware - 2GHz-6GHz


N(f)-type external termination

KME4D-1774-C*

* Requires that the KME4D-1774-21 wireless communication provisions package also be ordered.

Note: Corresponding communication interfaces from Port 1 and/or Port 2 must be ordered in conjunction with automation accessories.

PROVISIONS FOR
UP TO 5/8"
MOUNTING HARDWARE.

1.13 LIFTING
LUG
15.07

1.45

20.19

GROUND LUG FOR


#6 to #14 SOLID OR
STRANDED WIRE
FOR RADIO ANTENNA
RECEPTACLE

RECEPTACLE
FOR RECLOSER
CONTROL CABLE

QUARTER TURN
LATCH WITH
18.00
PADLOCK
PROVISIONS
(.295-.394
SHACKLE
DIAMETER)

QUARTER TURN
LATCH

21.94

13.40

1.25

LASER CUT
VENT OPENINGS

OPENINGS FOR OPTIONAL RECEPTACLES


UNDER STAINLESS COVERS, ACCESSABLE ONLY FROM
INSIDE OF CABINET

CONTROL
POWER
INPUT

CONTROL WEIGHT: 29 kg (63 lbs.) [without battery]


8 AH BATTERY WEIGHT: 6 kg (13 lbs.)
13 AH BATTERY WEIGHT: 10 kg (24 lbs.)
(All weights are approximate.)

Figure 1. Form 4D pole mount recloser control weight and dimensions.

www.cooperpower.com

280-104-5

Technical Data 280-104

Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories

Effective April 2014

Control features

Hot line tag

Control security

The Form 4D includes a Hot Line Tag (HLT) switch that will block all
Close operations, local or remote, for live-line work. The control will
trip on one operation-to-lockout on the composite curve of the HLT
definite time and the TCC1 curve, whichever is faster, when HLT is
active. Hot Line Tag takes precedence over Cold Load Pickup, NonReclosing, and Fast Trips Disabled. The Hot Line Tag time delay is
independently selectable for each protection profile.

The Form 4D recloser control has multiple customer-programmable


security codes to limit control programming and viewing function
access to authorized personnel. The Form 4D control is capable of
supporting strong passwords containing letters (upper and lower
case), numbers, and symbols. The front panel Human-Machine
Interface (HMI) includes a user-selected security code to access
the settings. Plus, the ProView NXG interface software has its own
security levels for multiple-user access.

Protection profiles
The Form 4D control provides two protection profiles, each capable
of fully specifying the operation of the control. The protection
profiles are selectable through the front-panel push-button interface
or through the interface software and USB communication ports.
Each protection profile contains overcurrent protection, voltage
protection, frequency protection, sync check, sensitive earth fault
protection, and operation settings.

Reclosing and overcurrent protection/TCCs

Fast trips disabled


The Fast Trips Disabled feature will ignore the normal TCCs and
number of trips and instead use the Fast Trips Disabled settings
when Fast Trips Disabled is active. Fast Trips Disabled will have
separate phase and ground settings and is independently selectable
for each protection profile.

Ground trip precedence


The Form 4D control comes equipped with an option for Ground Trip
Precedence. When ground trip precedence is selected to be active,
the sequence uses the ground operations to lockout for fault current
above both phase and ground minimum trip values.

The Form 4D control offers flexible phase and ground overcurrent


protection which can be programmed with up to four operationsto-lockout. Each time-current curve (TCC) can be individually
programmed from up to fifty standard curves which can be
further customized. Time-current curves are available for fast and
delayed operations. The time-current curves are also selectable
from a graphical TCC editor to visualize any modifications prior to
configuring the control. Reclose intervals and reset time can also be
programmed by the user.

Voltage protection

TCC editor II

Six levels of frequency protection are included with the control, with
each level configurable as either overfrequency or underfrequency.
A frequency restoration function, which can be enabled or disabled,
will allow the recloser to automatically close should the frequency
return to within configured settings for a user-settable time.

Coordination and actual time current modifications are available


with a graphic, interactive TCC editor. The TCC Editor II includes
a complete database of standard recloser industry time current
curves, both ANSI and IEC types, along with the ability to
customize the TCCs with multipliers, constant time adders, or
minimum response time adders. The user is also able to derive their
own specific TCC through data point entry.

Sensitive earth fault


The Form 4D control includes Sensitive Earth Fault (SEF) protection,
which will provide tripping of the recloser for ground currents
below normal ground minimum trip elements. The SEF feature
has programmable operations-to-lockout and reclose intervals
independent of the ground settings and is independently selectable
for each protection profile.

High current lockout


The High Current Lockout (HCL) feature will automatically lockout
the control when the current exceeds a programmed threshold. The
active number of operations-to-lockout is selectable for both phase
and ground and is independently selectable for each protection
profile.

Cold load pickup


The Form 4D control provides a Cold Load Pickup (CLPU) feature
that will prevent the control from tripping due to short-term
increases in current caused by loss of normal load diversity or
feeder inrush. This feature has an independently programmable
minimum trip value, time-current curve, reclose interval, and number
of operations to lockout for each protection profile as well as for
both phase and ground. The CLPU feature will also inhibit normal
overcurrent protection during the CLPU active time.

280-104-6

www.cooperpower.com

The Form 4D control includes three levels each of over- and


undervoltage protection and includes single-phase and threephase protection for both over- and undervoltage conditions. Both
functions include a phase pickup, a phase time delay, a three-phase
pickup, and three-phase time delay. One overvoltage and one
undervoltage alarm is also provided.

Frequency protection

Sync check
The Form 4D control includes sync check functionality, which is used
to qualify any close signal to the recloser when enabled via the sync
check settings. Sync check allows for closing for any combination of
dead/live bus/line, and to perform anticipatory closing for a live bus/
live line condition by calculating slip and anticipating the mechanism
closing delay. In addition to the anticipatory close calculation, the
sync check system performs verification of line and bus voltage
magnitudes and frequencies to determine that they are within predetermined ranges, and that the angular differences between the
two systems is also within the pre-determined range.

Sequence coordination
The Form 4D control Sequence Coordination feature will allow
the control to step through selected operations in the operating
sequence without tripping when a down-line recloser is proceeding
through its reclose sequence. The number of advances is
programmable from one to three operations to provide trip
coordination with the down-line recloser.

Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories

Technical Data 280-104


Effective April 2014

Manual close time delay

Data profiler

The Form 4D control includes a Manual Close Delay which provides


a delay from the time the manual CLOSE button is pushed to the
time the manual close operation is performed.

A fully configurable data profiler is available which allows the user to


collect information by sampling data at selectable intervals. These
time-stamped values can then be viewed to determine weekly load
profiles, daily harmonic disturbances, or hourly voltage fluctuations.
The number of days of information the data profiler can provide
depends upon configuration parameters.

Metering
The Form 4D control comes equipped with a full complement
of metering capabilities, which include instantaneous, demand,
demand peak, and energy metering. The control will be capable of
the following metering values:

Real and reactive power for single- and three-phase, including


direction of power flow.

Demand currents on a per-phase basis.

Instantaneous currents, including ground current.

Instantaneous voltage on a per-phase basis.

Instantaneous frequency.

Energy on a per-phase basis.

Positive, negative, and zero sequence voltages.

Harmonics on a per-phase basis for voltage and current.

Instantaneous power factor on a per-phase basis.

Metering settings which include demand interval, and alarm


thresholds for current, single-phase kW, three-phase kW, singlephase kVAR, and three-phase kVAR.

Diagnostic tools

Internal voltage sensing


A four-wire cable and input receptacle accessory is required for Type
NOVATM three-phase reclosers with the internal voltage sensing (IVS)
option. Internal voltage sensors, located on the source side, indicate
voltage magnitude within an accuracy 2% or better and a phase
degree accuracy within 1.5 degrees (includes sensor, cable, and
control). The 4-pin receptacle accessory is prewired to the voltage
inputs on the control.

Contact input/output (I/O) module option


The Contact I/O Module option (Figure 2) permits connection of
contact-type input devices (switches, relays) and discrete indicating
devices (relays, LEDs, lamps) to the Form 4D control to effect
local discrete input/output. The I/O module accessory is used
for supplementing normal local controls and status indicators for
Contact I/O functions.
The initial Contact I/O Module option contains four factory-set inputs
and four outputs for Contact I/O functions. Each Form 4D control
can accommodate four Contact I/O modules. Additional modules
require user programming via the software.

The Form 4D control comes complete with a suite of diagnostic


tools to help troubleshoot problems, analyze system events and
conditions, and monitor the life of your recloser. All diagnostic
information is stored in non-volatile memory so even if the control
loses power, all system and event information will remain intact.

Recloser wear monitor


The Recloser Wear Monitor will observe the life of the recloser
apparatus by recording how many times the recloser has been
opened as well as keep track of the current interrupted in
percentage compared to preset total Duty Cycle Factor. The monitor
allows for programmable entries to preset the duty of an existing
recloser.

Sequence of events recorder


The Sequence of Events (SOE) Recorder is capable of capturing
discrete events such as Open/Close status changes, faults,
mechanism failures, etc. The SOE places an accurate time stamp
and analog information on the events and stores them in non-volatile
memory so they wont be lost in the event that the control loses
power. The SOE recorder is capable of maintaining up to 1000
events and can record up to 116 different event types, including
overcurrent trip, control trip, non-reclose ON/OFF, external alarm,
and control lockout.

Figure 2. Contact I/O module option.

www.cooperpower.com

280-104-7

Technical Data 280-104

Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories

Effective April 2014

Communications
The Form 4D pole mount control is equipped with two
communication board accessory expansion bays offering
versatile support for modern communication media. Five distinct
communication options are available, providing two-way, real time
digital communications with a remote terminal unit (RTU), wireless,
telephone modem, Ethernet network, or other communication
devices. Any combination of two communication boards can be
installed. The following options are available:

RS-232 (isolated) Serial communication card

RS-485 (isolated) Serial communication card

Fiber-optic-based Serial communication card with ST Connectors

10/100 Base-T/TX Ethernet communication card with RJ-45


connector

100 Base-FX Ethernet communication card with Ethernet Fiber,


ST Connector (multi-mode)

100 Base-FX Ethernet communication card with Ethernet Fiber,


MTRJ connector (multi-mode)

100 Base-FX Ethernet communication card with Ethernet Fiber,


SC connector (multi-mode)

100 Base-FX Ethernet communication card with Ethernet Fiber,


LC connector (single-mode)

The expansion bay based Communication Board Accessory concept


offers high versatility with respect to communication medium and
protocol support. Additional accessories are being continuously
developed. Contact your Eatons Cooper Power Systems
representative for the latest information regarding particular media
and communication protocol support.

Ethernet Fiber, ST

Ethernet Copper, RJ-45

Ethernet Fiber, MTRJ

Serial, RS-232

Ethernet Fiber, SC

Serial, RS-485

Ethernet Fiber, LC
(single-mode)

Serial Fiber, ST

Figure 4. Side panel communication options.

Figure 3. Form 4D pole mount recloser control side panel


communication ports.

280-104-8

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 280-104

Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories

Effective April 2014

Front panel human-machine interface (HMI)


The Form 4D recloser control has a newly designed, intuitive
Human-Machine Interface (HMI) (Figure 5) that is designed to
minimize training costs.

PHASE FAULT

Display LCD module (Figure 6)

ALARM

CONTROL OK

4 lines-by-20 characters with backlighting option

GROUND FAULT

AC POWER

LCD display panel contrast is field-adjustable to allow for various


mounting heights and applications.

SENSITIVE GND

BATTERY

Designed with a new cell phone look and operation

Automatic backlight shut off after 15 minutes of inactivity

FREQUENCY TRIP

User interface and LED indicators

PHASE VOLTAGE

ENTER

VOLTAGE TRIP

ABOVE MIN TRIP

EDIT

ESC

The status indicator LEDs (Figures 7 and 8) provide instant


notification on the control and recloser status.

A PHASE FAULT

B PHASE FAULT

LOCKOUT

C PHASE FAULT

OPEN

GROUND FAULT

CLOSED

SENSITIVE GND FAULT

These LED indicators illuminate when the control issues an


overcurrent trip signal while the respective phase current or
ground current exceeds the minimum pickup value.

FREQUENCY TRIP: This LED illuminates to indicate the recloser


tripped due to an under or overfrequency condition.

VOLTAGE TRIP: This LED illuminates to indicate the recloser


tripped due to an under or overvoltage condition.

DATA PORTS

Figure 6. Display LCD module.

TRIP

CLOSE

OFF

New cellphone look and feel is easy(LOCKOUT)


to understand and operate

PHASE FAULT

A
Indicators show location and
type of fault at a glance

Large, mechanical Trip and


Close buttons are easily
operable in any condition

NON
RECLOSE

SUPERVISORY
OFF

ALT
PROFILE 1

CONTROL OK

GROUND FAULT

AC POWER

SENSITIVE GND

BATTERY
PHASE VOLTAGE

ENTER

VOLTAGE TRIP

ABOVE MIN TRIP

EDIT

ESC

LOCKOUT
OPEN

DATA PORTS

CLOSED

TRIP

GND TRIP
BLOCKED

ALARM

FREQUENCY TRIP

LED indicates the status of


the recloser (Open, Closed,
or Locked out)

HOT LINE
TAG

CLOSE

HOT LINE
TAG

OFF

(LOCKOUT)

GND TRIP
BLOCKED

NON
RECLOSE

ALT
PROFILE 1

SUPERVISORY
OFF

Indicators show control


diagnostics and status of
source and load line voltages

Front panel USB ports allow


for easy connection to
laptop or data dump to USB
harddrive

Soft-keys allow for single


push activation of commonly
used control schemes

Hot Line Tag switch for easy


activation of HLT. A ring of LEDs
indicates when HLT is active.

Figure 5. Front panel Human-Machine Interface (HMI)

www.cooperpower.com

280-104-9

Technical Data 280-104

Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories

Effective April 2014

ABOVE MIN TRIP: This LED illuminates when the control detects
that current is above the programmed minimum trip value for
Bushings 1-2, Bushings 3-4, Bushings 5-6, Ground or Sensitive
Ground.

These LED indicators illuminate when the control detects the


presence of voltage greater than the V present setting on the
System Configuration dialog. The LED will go out if the voltage
on that phase is less than 95% of the V present setting.

PHASE FAULT

LOCKOUT: This LED illuminates to indicate the control is in a


locked out state, i.e. a reclosing sequence is not in progress. This
LED does not indicate that the recloser is open.

OPEN: This LED illuminates to indicate the recloser is in the open


position.
A B C

ALARM

CONTROL OK

PHASE FAULT

ACALARM
POWER

GROUND FAULT

CONTROL OK

BATTERY

CLOSED: This LED illuminates to indicate the recloser is in the


closed position. The LED will blink
when aFAULT
delayed CLOSE is
GROUND
active. A Close will occur when the manual close delay timer
expires.

SENSITIVE GND

SENSITIVE GND
FREQUENCY TRIP

PHASE
FAULT
VOLTAGE
TRIP

ENTER

TRIP
B VOLTAGE
C

ABOVE MIN TRIP

ESC
GROUND ABOVE
FAULT MIN TRIP

ESC

SENSITIVE GND

EDIT

X
AC POWER

B DATA
C PORTS

FREQUENCY TRIP

TRIP

Figure 7. Status indicator LEDs.

CLOSE

Figure 9. Data ports.

CLOSE
HOT LINE
TAG

AC POWER
BATTERY

(LOCKOUT)
CLOSE

HOT LINE
TAG

ALARM: This LED illuminates to indicate an alarm condition


exists. The LED will flash for unacknowledged alarms, and will
continuously illuminate for acknowledged alarms.

SUPERTRIP
DATAVOLTAGE
PORTS
GND TRIP
NON
VISORY
BLOCKED
RECLOSE
MIN TRIP
The left port is aABOVE
host port
used forOFF
connecting
to a USB
flash
EDIT
ESC

memory device to upload or download


SUPER-data and settings files
GND
TRIP
or to
upgrade theNON
firmware. All settings, metering, alarms, and
VISORY
events are available
from this port.
BLOCKED
RECLOSE

ALT
The Data Port LED is illuminated when the USB memory stick is
CLOSED
PROFILE
1 and properly
inserted
detected.

ALT
CONTROL OK: This indicator illuminates to indicate that OFF
the conOperating panel
trol passed(LOCKOUT)
self-diagnostics and is capable of normal operation. PROFILE 1
OFF
(LOCKOUT)
AC POWER: This indicator
is illuminated when the presence of ac
input power to the control is sensed.

BATTERY: This LED illuminates to indicate battery voltage is low


or the battery failed an operator-initiated manual test.

PHASE VOLTAGE A

PHASE VOLTAGE B

PHASE VOLTAGE C

PHASE VOLTAGE X

PHASE VOLTAGE Y

PHASE VOLTAGE Z

www.cooperpower.com

TRIP

(LOCKOUT)

CLOSE

HOT LINE
TAG

OFF

GND TRIP
BLOCKED

ALT
PROFILE 1

Figure 10. Operating panel.

ALT

The right
port1is a client port usedOFF
to communicate with the
PROFILE
control
from
a personal
computer. This port is used for accessing
SUPEROFF
GND TRIP
NONwithLOCKOUT
the control
ProView
VISORY NXG application software. All settings,
BLOCKED
RECLOSE
metering,
alarms,
and
events are available from this port.
OFF
OPEN

TRIP

PHASE VOLTA

ENTER

HOT LINE
TAG

ALARM

CONTROL

SENSITIVE GND

CLOSED TRIP

280-104-10

DATA
GROUND
FAULTPORTS

CLOSED

OPEN

PHASE FAULT

EDIT

ESC

LOCKOUT

BATTERY

CLOSED

The DATA PORTS section (Figure 9) on the front operating panel


A B C
allows for direct connection to a personal computer.

LOCKOUT

OPEN

CONTROL OK A

PHASE VOLTAGE

ENTER

VOLTAGE TRIP

OPEN

EDIT

APHASEBVOLTAGE
C

ALARM

Figure 8. Status indicator LEDs.

FREQUENCY TRIP

LOCKOUT
ABOVE MIN TRIP

BATTERY

PHASE VOLTAGE

ENTER

FREQUENCY TRIP

AC POWER

TRIP (Lockout) Pushbutton: The TRIP pushbutton provides frontpanel access to trip (lockout) the recloser. When pressed, the
TRIP pushbutton opens the recloser and locks out the control.

DATA PORT

NON
RECLOSE

SUP
VIS
O

Technical Data 280-104

Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories

Effective April 2014

CLOSE Pushbutton: When pressed, the CLOSE pushbutton


returns the control to the initial or home sequence position, closing the recloser. The control is ready for the start of a new trip/
close sequence.
HOT LINE TAG ON/OFF: Hot Line Tag is provided for live-line work
applications. All closing operations are disabled when the Hot Line
Tag feature is activated.

Hot Line Tag prevents all closing attempts from the control
and shifts protection to one trip-to-lockout on the composite
curve of the Hot Line Tag definite time and the TCC1 curve
(whichever is faster). Hot Line Tag takes precedence over Cold
Load Pickup, Non-Reclosing, and Fast Trips Disabled.

Hot Line Tag is activated from either the operator panel toggle
switch, local or remote communications, or configurable logic. All
sources must be off to de-activate Hot Line Tag.

The Hot Line Tag function may only be reset by the source
which initiates it.

One-touch function keys (Figure 11)


GND TRIP BLOCKED

RIP

The Ground Trip Blocked function blocks all ground sensing in the
control for the active profile. This ALARM
indicator is illuminated when
Ground Trip Block is activated from the SCADA port, the interface
software, or locally (via the front panel)
causing
CONTROL
OK the control to block
all ground sensing.
NON RECLOSE

BATTERY mode when the NON


The control is operating in a non-reclosing
RECLOSE indicator is illuminated. Non-reclosing mode disables any
automatic reclosing operations. Non-reclosing does not alter the
activeENTER
TCC. Activation is possible
fromVOLTAGE
the SCADA port, the interface
PHASE
software, or locally (via the front panel).
SUPERVISORY OFF

IP

CLOSE

AC POWER

X Y Z
EDIT
ESC
supervisory commands are blocked. Supervisory functions through
When the SUPERVISORY OFF red indicator is illuminated,

the USB data ports are not blocked. Communications through the
front panel USB port remain active independent of the status of
the SUPERVISORY OFF switch. Activation of this function key is
restricted to the operator panel. Operational data and metering
information are available while the control is in the SUPERVISORY
OFF position.
ALT PROFILE 1

DATA PORTS

The Form 4D control has two protection profiles; a normal profile,


and Alternate Profile 1. When the operator panel display lights
are active and the ALT PROFILE 1 indicator is not illuminated, the
Normal profile is active. Only one profile can be active.

Operation upon loss of ac power


The control is equipped with either an 8 Amp-Hour or 13 Amp-Hour
24 Vdc lead acid battery for operation upon loss of ac power. The
control maintains full operation from the battery for a period of time
dependent upon the battery size:

8 Amp-Hour 24 hour (approximate) maximum (20C)

13 Amp-Hour 36 hour maximum (20C)

Control programming settings and parameters including event


recorder are stored in non-volatile memory and retained upon loss
of control power. The time/date clock will continue to operate for
approximately 30 days after loss of control power.

Accessories
Low-voltage closing
The Low-Voltage Closing Accessory utilizes 120 or 240 Vac for
closing power. Multiple low-voltage closing accessories are available
for reclosers equipped with low voltage closing. The low-voltage
closing accessories available for the Form 4D recloser control
include the appropriate receptacles and wiring based upon the input
supply voltage. Tables 4 and 5 list the available low voltage closing
input/output receptacles and cables for the Form 4D control.

Incoming power receptacles


The Incoming Power Receptacle allows the user to conveniently
plug the power cable into the control, eliminating the need for
hardwiring to the control. Various options are available based upon
the input power voltage and phase sensing requirements. Tables 4
and 5 include the available input receptacles and cables.

Cable locking sleeves


To prevent detachment of the control cable from the control cabinet
by unauthorized personnel, a cable-locking sleeve is available to
enclose the cable plug. The plug is passed through the sleeve and
the sleeve is then fastened from inside the control cabinet. There
is no access to the cable receptacle without opening the locked
cabinet door and detaching the sleeve. The cable locking sleeves can
be ordered up to a quantity of five. Refer to Table 7 for the correct
catalog number based on quantity.

120 Vac GFI duplex outlet


The GFI Duplex Outlet is available for controls powered by 120
Vac or 240 Vac three-wire supply power. This convenience outlet
is rated for 3 Amperes and is accessible through the front door in
the control cabinet. The 120 Vac GFI Duplex Outlet can be used
for many applications, such as power for the MET Tester, auxiliary
measurement equipment, and supplemental lighting. Refer to Table
9 for the catalog number.

BCT terminal block accessory

HOT LINE
TAG

OFF

GND TRIP
BLOCKED

NON
RECLOSE

SUPERVISORY
OFF

ALT
PROFILE 1

Separate BCT terminal blocks provide a connection point for external


600:5 or 1200:5 multi-ratio bushing current transformers. BCT terminal
blocks are available for both the load or source sides and include wire
for all ratios of the BCT. Refer to Table 8.

Auxiliary terminal block accessory


An auxiliary terminal block and receptacle is available for three-stage
auxiliary switch wiring. Refer to Table 8.

Figure 11. One-touch function keys.

To select the alternate profile, press the ALT PROFILE 1 button.


To return to the Normal profile, press the ALT PROFILE 1 button
to deselect it. These functions can also be completed remotely via
communications interfaces.

www.cooperpower.com

280-104-11

Technical Data 280-104

Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories

Effective April 2014

Table 12. Eatons Cooper Power Systems Controls-Accessory Cross-Reference Guide

Accessory
Description

Form 3A*

Form 4C

Form FXA

Form FXB

Form 5
(swing-panel,
below s/n
3000)

Form 5
(fixed-panel,
above s/n
3000 or
beginning
with CP57)

Form 6
(below s/n
10,000)

Form 6
(above s/n
10,000 or
beginning
with CP57)

Form 4D

Control Cables
For WE, WVE27, WVE38X, VWE, VWVE27, VWVE38X, AC NOVA
18 gauge cable,
10-79 ft length

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

16 gauge cable,
80-125 ft length

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

14 gauge cable,
126-200 ft length

KA35ME-X

KA35ME-X

KA35MX-X

KA35ME-X

KA35ME-X

KA35ME-X

KA35ME-X

KA35ME-X

KA35ME-X

For VSA12, VSA12B, VSA16, VSA20, VSA20A, VSO12, VSO16


18 gauge cable,
11-20 ft length

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

KA1ME-X

16 gauge cable,
21-35 ft length

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

KA18ME-X

14 gauge cable,
36-50 ft length

KA35ME-X

KA35ME-X

KA35ME-X

KA35ME-X

KA35ME-X

KA35ME-X

KA35ME-X

KA35ME-X

KA35ME-X

KA1119R6-X

KA1119R6-X

KA1119R6-X

KA1119R6-X

KA1119R6-X

KA1119R6-X

KA1119R6-X

KA1119R6-X

For DC-NOVA15A, DC-NOVA27A


16 gauge cable,
11-125 ft length
Communication Support Equipment
USB Cable, 6 ft

KME4D-66

Receptacles and Wiring


AC Input Receptacles
120 Vac power
input accessory

KA840ME1, 2,
4, 6, & 7

w/ 2-pin receptacle

KME4-55-11

KFXA-23-1

KFXA-23-1

w/ 3-pin receptacle

KME4-55-5

KFXA-23-2

KFXA-23-2

w/ 2-pin receptacle

KFXA-23-1

KFXA-23-1

w/ 3-pin receptacle

KFXA-23-1

KFXA-23-2

KFXA-22-1

KFXA-22-1

KME5-53-1

KME5-53-6

KME6-1775-H

KME6-1775-H

KME4D-1775-H

KME5-53-7

KME6-1775-J

KME6-1775-J

KME4D-1775-J

KME5-53-6

KME6-1775-H

KME6-1775-H

KME4D-1775-H

KME5-53-8

KME6-1775-K

KME6-1775-K

KME4D-1775-K

KME5-52-15

KME6-1775-A

KME6-1775-A

KME4D-1775-A

240 Vac power


input accessory
KME5-53-1

Low Voltage Closing Receptacles


120 Vac lowvoltage closing

KA840ME3

w/ 2-pin input, 2-pin


outlet receptacles

KME4-57-6

w/ 3-pin input, 2-pin


outlet receptacles

KME4-57-3

KME5-52-16

KME6-1775-B

KME6-1775-B

KME4D-1775-B

w/ inlet hole for


hard wiring, 2-pin
outlet receptacle

KME4-57-2

KME5-52-17

KME6-1775-C

KME6-1775-C

KME4D-1775-C

KME5-52-18

KME6-1775-D

KME6-1775-D

KME4D-1775-D

w/ 3-pin input, 2-pin


outlet receptacles

KME5-52-20

KME6-1775-E

KME6-1775-E

KME4D-1775-E

for 2 wire w/ inlet


hole, 2-pin outlet
receptacle

KME5-52-19

KME6-1775-F

KME6-1775-F

KME4D-1775-F

for 3 wire w/ inlet


hole, 2-pin outlet
receptacle

KME5-52-21

KME6-1775-G

KME6-1775-G

KME4D-1775-G

240 Vac lowvoltage closing

KA840ME5

w/ 2-pin input, 2-pin


outlet receptacles

280-104-12

KME5-52-3

www.cooperpower.com

KME5-52-5

Technical Data 280-104

Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories

Effective April 2014

Table 12. Eatons Cooper Power Systems Controls-Accessory Cross-Reference Guide (continued)

Accessory
Description

Form 3A*

Form 4C

Form FXA

Form FXB

Form 5
(swing-panel,
below s/n
3000)

Form 5
(fixed-panel,
above s/n
3000 or
beginning
with CP57)

Form 6
(below s/n
10,000)

Form 6
(above s/n
10,000 or
beginning
with CP57)

Form 4D

Input and Low Voltage Cables


AC Input Cables
120 Vac input cable accessory
X ft cable, plug for
2-pin receptacle (10
to 80 ft)

KA11ME1-X

KA11ME1-X

KA11ME1-X

KA11ME1-X

KME4-67-1-X

KME4-67-1-X

KA13ME1-X

X ft cable, plug for


2-pin receptacle (10
to 80 ft)

KA11ME1-X

KA11ME1-X

X ft cable, plug for


3-pin receptacle (10
to 80 ft)

KME4-67-1-X

KA13ME1-X

KA13ME1-X

KA13ME1-X

X ft cable, plug for


3-pin receptacle (10
to 80 ft)

KA11ME1-X

KA11ME1-X

KA11ME1-X

KA11ME1-X

KA11ME1-X

KME4-67-3-X

KME4-67-3-X

KME4-67-3-X

KA11ME1-X

KA11ME1-X

KA11ME1-X

KME4-67-2-X

KME4-67-2-X

KME4-67-2-X

KA13ME1-X

KA13ME1-X

KA13ME1-X

KA97ME-X

KA97ME-X

240 Vac input cable


accessory
KA11ME1-X

KA11ME1-X

Low Voltage
Closing Cables
Low-voltage closing
cable, 120/240 Vac,
2 wire, X ft (10 to
80 ft)

KA13ME1-X

KA13ME1-X

KA13ME1-X

KA13ME1-X

Internal Voltage Sensing


Internal voltage
sensing cable,
4-wire, for use with
front panel with
internal voltage
sensing, X ft (5 to
35 ft)
IVS Input
Receptacle, 4-pin

KME4D-3799-A

Cable-locking sleeves
For control cable,
qty # (max 5)

KA614ME1

KME4-56-A

BCT shorting-type
for bushing 2, 4, 6

KA1170ME1

BCT shorting-type
for bushing 1, 3, 5

KA1170ME2

KFXA-24-#

KFXA-24-#

KME5-54-A

KME5-54-A

KME6-1772-#

KME6-1772-#

KME4D-1772-#

KME4-83-1

KME5-61-1

KME5-61-4

KME6-1773-A

KME6-1773-A

KME4D-1773-A

KME4-83-2

KME5-61-2

KME5-61-5

KME6-1773-B

KME6-1773-B

KME4D-1773-B

KME4-81-1

KME5-62-1

KME5-62-2

KME6-1801-1

KME6-1801-1

KME4D-1801-11

KME5-51-1

KME5-51-4

KME6-1776-A

KME6-1776

KME4D-1776

Terminal Blocks

Terminal block
and receptacle for
wiring 3-stage aux
switch KA542R3
Convenience Outlet
Fused 120 Vac,
3-wire polarized GFI
convenience outlet

www.cooperpower.com

280-104-13

Technical Data 280-104

Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories

Effective April 2014

Table 12. Eatons Cooper Power Systems Controls-Accessory Cross-Reference Guide (continued)

Accessory
Description

Form 3A*

Form 4C

Form FXA

Form FXB

Form 5
(swing-panel,
below s/n
3000)

Form 5
(fixed-panel,
above s/n
3000 or
beginning
with CP57)

Form 6
(below s/n
10,000)

Form 6
(above s/n
10,000 or
beginning
with CP57)

Form 4D

Automation Packages*
Full Automation
Accessory Package
- Cellular

KME4D-1774-14

Full Automation
Accessory Package
- WiFi/WiMAX

KME4D-1774-15

Full Automation
Accessory Package
- 125MHz -1GHz
N-terminated radio

KME4D-1774-16

Full Automation
Accessory Package
- TNC-terminated
radio, 700MHz 2GHz

KME4D-1774-17

Wireless
communication
package

KME4D-1774-21

Polyphaser and
mounting hardware
- 125MHz - 1GHz

KME4D-1774-A

Polyphaser and
mounting hardware
- 700MHz - 2GHz

KME4D-1774-B

Polyphaser and
mounting hardware
- 2GHz - 6GHz

KME4D-1774-C

Miscellaneous Accessories
120 Vac battery
charger for spare
batteries

KME4-85-1

KME4-85-1

KME5-60-1

KME5-60-1

KME5-60-1

KME5-60-1

*Form 3A is an analog control, and as such has a myriad accessories that perform functions made standard in the newer digital controls. These accessories are not listed here. For
further clarification, consult an Eatons Cooper Power Systems representative.

280-104-14

www.cooperpower.com

Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories

Technical Data 280-104


Effective April 2014

www.cooperpower.com

280-104-15

Technical Data 280-104

Form 4D microprocessor-based recloser control and accessories

Effective April 2014

Eaton
1000 Eaton Boulevard
Cleveland, OH 44122
United States
Eaton.com
Eatons Cooper Power Systems Business
2300 Badger Drive
Waukesha, WI 53188
United States
Cooperpower.com
2014 Eaton
All Rights Reserved
Printed in USA
Publication No. 280-104
April 2014

280-104-16

Eaton, Cooper Power Systems, NOVA, and


ProView NXG are valuable trademarks of
Eaton in the U.S. and other countries. You are
not permitted to use the these trademarks
without the prior written consent of Eaton.
IEEE Std C57.12.28-2005 and Std
C57.12.29-2005 standards are trademarks
of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers, Inc., (IEEE). This publication is not
endorsed or approved by the IEEE.
IEEE is a registered trademark of the
Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers, Inc.
ANSI is a registered trademark of American
National Standards Institute.

For Eatons Cooper Power


Systems Form 4D recloser
product information call
1-877-277-4636 or visit: www.
cooperpower.com.

Technical Data 290-25

Effective May 2014


Supersedes June 1995

Type VSA20B air-insulated; vacuum;


electronically controlled power circuit
breaker
Description
The Type VSA20B electronically controlled, vacuum
circuit breaker provides reliable and economical
overcurrent protection for 15 kV distribution
systems.
The VSA20B circuit breaker has been full-power
tested in accordance with ANSI and NEMA
standards for power circuit breakers. Detailed
ratings and related capabilities on a symmetrical
current basis, using maximum design voltage and
a K factor of 1.0, are shown in Table 1.
The VSA20B circuit breaker has a rated interrupting
time of 2.5 cycles in accordance with ANSI standards. The fast interrupting time minimizes fault
damage and provides fast coordination capability.
A choice of electronic controls enables the user to
meet a wide variety of application requirements.
The use of vacuum as the interrupting medium and
air as the insulating medium improves safety and
substantially reduces long term maintenance costs.
The VSA20B circuit breaker provides service-proven
dependability and long operating life.
Commanded by an Eaton's Cooper Power
Systems electronic control, this automatic circuit
breaker offers superior coordination and application
capability, unmatched by other system protection
apparatus.
Breaker operations are programmed on the
electronic control panel with accurate, preset
tripping characteristics and reclosing times,
enabling close coordination with other protective
devices on the system.
When system requirements change, program
settings are easily altered with no sacrifice of
accuracy or consistency. Breaker and control
accessories enable further tailoring of the
protective program to achieve maximum system
operating flexibility.
When needed, application expertise, backed
by world wide application experience, is readily
available. Eaton's Cooper Power Systems
design capability is based on over 50 years of
switchgear manufacturing experience. Progressive
product development programs, using the latest
technologies, have resulted in the production of
modern, efficient breakers from Eaton's Cooper
Power Systems.
VSA20B circuit breakers are designed and built
in accordance with ANSI/IEEE C37.04-1979, ANSI
C37.06-1987, ANSI/IEEE C37.09-1979, and ANSI/
IEEE C37.012-1979.
290-25-1

Technical Data 290-25

VSA20B power circuit breaker

Effective May 2014

Ratings

Table 1. Summary of Ratings and Related Capabilities

The Type VSA20B circuit breaker can be applied on distributions


systems ranging from 2.4 through 14.4 kV. Standard duty cycle is;
CO-15 seconds-CO. Basic ratings are shown in Table 1.

Nominal Operating Voltage (kV)

14.4

Maximum Design Voltage (kV)

15.5

Voltage Range Factor K

Rated Impulse Voltage (kV)

110

Fault-sensing information for VSA20B circuit breakers is supplied to


the electronic control by bushing-type current transformers mounted
in the circuit breaker. Tripping and closing signals from the control
energize operating circuits in the circuit breaker.

Continuous Current Rating (amps)

1,200

Symmetric Interrupting Current (amps)

20,000

Interrupting Time (cycles)

2.5

Minimum-trip values of the control are independent of the


continuous current and interrupting ratings of the circuit breaker.
Flexibility in coordination with other protective devices is provided
by dual time-current characteristics available from a broad choice
of time-current curves, a wide range of minimum-trip values, and a
variety of programmable reclosing times.

Three-Second Current, Symmetric (amps)

20,000

Momentary Current, Asymmetric (amps)

32,000

Energy to operate the vacuum interrupters is provided by a motordriven operator supplied from a 240 Vac source. The motor operator
closes the circuit breaker by charging the closing springs, which in
turn provides the force to close the vacuum interrupters and charge
the opening springs.

Table 2. Basic Breaker Catalog Number

Characteristic features

Eaton's Cooper Power Systems vacuum interrupters have had an


excellent field reliability record since their initial introduction in 1966
in the most complete line of vacuum switchgear available in the
industry.

Mounting equipment
VSA20B circuit breakers are furnished in standard frames with
corner lifting eyes. Mounting equipment is available for substation
installation of the circuit breaker (see Table 6 for mounting
accessories).

Surge protection
Best operating results are achieved when circuit breakers are
protected with surge arresters. In substations, arresters should be
located on the load side.
Eaton's Cooper Power Systems distribution-class surge arresters
provide excellent protection. See Catalog Section 235-35, UltraSIL
Polymer-Housed VariSTAR Surge Arresters and 235-99, UltraSIL
Polymer-Housed Evolution Surge Arresters.

Ordering information
A complete electronically controlled VSA20B circuit breaker
installation includes:

Circuit breaker and its accessories

Electronic control and its accessories

Control cable

Mounting equipment

290-25-2

www.cooperpower.com

Breaker Type

Catalog Number

VSA20B

KVB-15-20-1200

The circuit breaker, control, and interconnecting cable are ordered


and priced separately. Accessories for the circuit breaker and the
control are ordered and priced separately.
To order a circuit breaker, electronic control, and control cable:
1. Use Table 2 to specify the catalog number for the circuit breaker.
2. From Tables 3 - 6, specify the catalog numbers that describe the
required circuit breaker accessories and mounting equipment.
3. Order the required electronic control (control is priced separately
from circuit breaker).

Technical Data 290-25

VSA20B power circuit breaker

Effective May 2014

Table 3. Multi-Ratio Bushing Current-Sensing Transformers; Factory-Installed


Description

Catalog Number

Three 600:5 BCTs (accuracy class C100) on bushings 1, 3, and 5

KA65VS1

Three 600:5 BCTs (accuracy class C100) on bushings 2, 4, and 6

KA65VS2

Three 1200:5 BCTs (accuracy class C200) on bushings 1, 3, and 5

KA65VS3

Three 1200:5 BCTs (accuracy class C200) on bushings 2, 4, and 6

KA65VS4

Table 4. Service-Related; Factory-Installed


Description

Catalog Number

120 Vac motor operator

KA60VSM2

Potential-type battery charger in operator cabinet*


120 Vac
240 Vac

KA58VSM1
KA58VSM2

External spring-charging accessory**

KA59VSM2

External contact-position-indicating accessory

KA61VSM2

* Required if the breaker is to be used with the Form 3A electronic control. The Form 3A control must be equipped with the
KA1144ME accessory.
** Cannot be used with 2 sets of multi-ratio BCTs.

Table 5. Mounting Equipment


Description

Catalog Number

Substation mounting frame extension

KA55VS8

Electronic control mounting bracket


Single-size cabinet
Double-size cabinet

KA55VS2
KA55VS9

Table 6. Remote Operation and Indication; Factory-Installed


Description

Catalog Number

Three-stage auxiliary switch

KA55VSM3

www.cooperpower.com

290-25-3

Technical Data 290-25

VSA20B power circuit breaker

Effective May 2014

Circuit breaker features and detailed description


THREADED STUD
TERMINALS
11/4-12UNF

BUSHINGS
wet-process porcelain; can
be field replaced.

WEATHERPROOF
OPERATOR CABINET
provision for padlocking;
window to view contact
position indicator.

LIFTING EYES
at four corners enable
balanced lifting for easy
installation.

VACUUM INTERRUPTER
ASSEMBLY
permits convenient interrupter inspection and
replacement.

BUSHING LEAD
silverplated copper for
ample current carrying
capacity.
INTERRUPTER
SUPPORTS
epoxy-fiberglass; provide
mechanical and electrical
strength.

STANDARD FRAME
leg extensions are available for substation use.

Figure 1. Type VSA20B air-insulated vacuum circuit breaker with inspection cover removed.

Circuit breaker

Construction

VSA20B circuit breakers feature vacuum interruption with air


insulation and low-voltage motor operation. VSA20B circuit breakers
are designed for circuit protection on systems operating through
14.4 kV.

Eaton's Cooper Power Systems air-insulated vacuum circuit breakers


offer extra-long service life and require minimal maintenance.
Vacuum interrupter contacts, as well as the entire circuit breaker,
require no service other than periodic maintenance inspection.

Because of the large selection of trip ratings and the flexibility


provided by Eaton's Cooper Power Systems electronic controls,
VSA20B circuit breakers can be applied to meet a wide variety of
requirements.

Housings are fabricated of hot-rolled steel which is phosphatized to


resist corrosion, then finished with polyester powder paint. Finish
color is light gray, Munsell 5BG 7.0/0.4.

The vacuum interrupters in VSA20B circuit breakers provide reliable,


shock-free fault-current interruption with long interrupter life. The
combination of vacuum interruption and air insulation provides
longer maintenance intervals and lower maintenance costs than
comparable oil-insulated circuit breakers. Vacuum interruption also
provides greater safety for indoor applications than arc interruption
in oil.
Closing and tripping operations of the circuit breaker are both
powered by springs. The motor operator loads the closing springs,
which charge the opening springs during closing.
An external 240 Vac source is required to supply power for the motor
operator and the cabinet heaters. The 240 Vac supply is not required
to trip the circuit breaker.
Fault currents are sensed by 2000:1-ratio bushing current
transformers mounted in the circuit breaker, which provide sensing
of both phase and ground (zero sequence) currents. They provide
a continuous measurement of line current that is monitored by the
circuit breaker control. When the controls programmed minimum
trip level is exceeded, the control energizes the trip solenoid in the
circuit breaker operating mechanism, opening the circuit breaker.

290-25-4

www.cooperpower.com

Nonferrous alloys are used for mechanism linkages; stainless steel


is used for shafts and hardware. Other steel parts are plated. Needle
bearing or hard brass bushings are swaged into mechanism plates
and linkages to provide long, trouble-free life for moving parts.
All gears and latches are permanently lubricated; sealed ball bearings
are used in the motor.
For ease of inspection, all internal parts are readily accessible by
removing an inspection panel on either side of the circuit breaker.
Vacuum interrupters are mounted independently of the bushings.
The bushing rods clamp to a current transfer member of the interrupter mounting assembly. Therefore, the bushings can be replaced
quickly and easily without disturbing the interrupter or requiring any
interrupter adjustment.
Insulating supports for the three interrupters are made of filamentwound glass epoxy for high electrical and mechanical strength and
moisture resistance.

Technical Data 290-25

VSA20B power circuit breaker

Effective May 2014

Tripping
Circuit breaker tripping employs stored spring energy. When line current exceeds the programmed minimum-trip value, in one or more
phases, the control energizes a trip solenoid in the operating mechanism. The solenoid trips a latch which releases a spring-loaded toggle
assembly, opening the circuit breaker contacts and a switch which
interrupts the 24-volt signal from the control. Maximum clearing time
is 2 12 cycles.
Tripping, because it employs stored spring energy released by a
24-volt signal from the control, will occur even if the 240-volt supply
is lost.

Closing

Figure 3. Vacuum interrupter assembly.

Cabinet heaters are provided in both the operator mechanism


cabinet and the interrupter mechanism cabinet. The heaters are
supplied from the 240-Vac auxiliary power source and are connected
through a DPST on-off toggle switch and one amp fuses. The
mechanism cabinet heater operates at 57 watts. The enclosure
heaters operate at 115 watts total.

Motor operation
VSA20B air-insulated, vacuum circuit breakers employ a 240 Vac,
motor-driven operating mechanism to charge closing and opening
springs.

Closing energy, as well as the force to charge the opening springs, is


supplied by the motor operating mechanism, through motor-loaded
closing springs. A 240 Vac motor charges the closing springs through
a multi-stage gear drive. When 240 Vac is present, the motor is automatically operated to keep the closing springs in a charged state.
To close the circuit breaker, the control initiates a signal which energizes a solenoid in the circuit breaker operating mechanism. Once
actuated, the solenoid releases the closing springs, which close the
vacuum interrupters and charge the opening springs.

Stored energy provides multiple operations


Should the circuit breaker lose 240 Vac motor supply voltage while
the closing spring is charged and contacts are closed, an OpenClose-Open sequence remains stored in the circuit breaker operating
mechanism. If the circuit breaker trips under these conditions, the
stored closing operation allows an immediate reclosing, if required.
After such a closing, one additional trip operation then remains
stored. Once closed, the circuit breaker always contains energy for
at least one trip operation.

CONTACT POSITION
INDICATOR
linked to main operating
shaft; visible through
window in operator
cabinet.
DRIVE MOTOR
240 Vac operates closing
mechanism; needs no
lubrication.
SPRING CHARGE
INDICATOR
linked to closing springs;
for indication of stored
energy operation in event
of loss of low voltage
motor supply.
MANUAL CLOSE LEVER
permits manual closing of
the circuit breaker.

MANUAL CLOSE
PULLRING
permits manual closing of
the circuit breaker.

AUXILIARYSWITCH
(accessory) is available to
provide remote indication
of circuit breaker contact
position.
MANUAL RESET-TRIP
KNOB
provides means for
manual tripping; must be
in RESET position to
permit closing.
OPERATOR CABINET
HEATER
control switch and fuse.

MULTI-RATIO CT
TERMINAL BOARD
(accessory) provides
convenient customer
connection to the desired
current transformer ratio.
MANUAL TRIP PULLRING
provides means for
manual tripping.

Figure 2. VSA20B circuit breaker operating mechanism components.

www.cooperpower.com

290-25-5

Technical Data 290-25

VSA20B power circuit breaker

Effective May 2014

Manual operation
A closed circuit breaker can be manually tripped from inside the
operator cabinet, using the RESET-TRIP knob, or from outside the
cabinet by pulling down the Manual Trip Pullring. When the circuit
breaker is manually tripped, the closing circuit is opened to prevent
reclosing. The circuit breaker can be manually restored to service
by placing the RESET-TRIP knob at RESET and moving the manual
control switch on the circuit breaker control to CLOSE. The manual
control switch on the circuit breaker control panel can also be used
for tripping.
The circuit breaker can be manually closed by pulling down the
Manual Close Pullring located under the operator cabinet.
An emergency means is provided to manually close a VSA20B circuit
breaker on a de-energized line in the absence of the 240 Vac power
supply.
A hand crank can be applied to the motor to charge the closing
springs. Once charged, the closing springs can be released either
from inside or from below the operator mechanism cabinet. As with
electrical operations, the opening springs are charged by release of
the closing springs, so even a manually closed unit has sufficient
stored energy for a trip operation.

Vacuum interrupters
The high quality vacuum interrupters used in VSA20B circuit breakers
are manufactured exclusively at Eaton's Cooper Power Systems
Switchgear plant. Our vacuum interrupters are used worldwide in the
industrys broadest line of fault protection and switching apparatus,
where they have established a proven record of long term reliability.
Vacuum interrupters provide fast, low energy arc interruption with
long contact and interrupter life and low mechanical stress. With
arc interruption taking place in a vacuum, contact and interrupter
life are four times greater than with interruption in oil. At the same
time, mechanical stress and wear on the mechanism is substantially
reduced. Combined, these factors result in greatly reduced
maintenance costs over the life of the circuit breaker.
Vacuum interrupters from Eaton's Cooper Power Systems are
designed with a metal-and-ceramic housing for maximum strength.
The high-alumina ceramic used in our vacuum interrupters permits
a high processing temperature to develop maximum purity of
the assembly and is impervious to helium penetration. Metal
end closures and the arcing chambers are of high-purity alloys to
minimize contamination.
Enclosed in the interrupter is a stationary and a moving contact
assembly. The moving contact has a travel of 7/16 in., its shaft
passing through a flexible bellows which maintains vacuum integrity.

Figure 5. Form 4C microprocessor-based control.

Contacts are made of a special non-welding alloy.


Because even the smallest amount of internal contamination
can significantly shorten a vacuum interrupters life, a state-ofthe-art clean-room manufacturing facility is used for vacuum
interrupter production. Special care is taken to avoid even minute
contamination; whether it be from dust particles, machining oils, or
human body salts.

Choice of electronic circuit breaker controls


The operation of a VSA20B circuit breaker is commanded by an
electronic control from Eaton's Cooper Power Systems. We offer a
choice of two controls that can be used in conjunction with these
circuit breakers. This permits the user to select the control that best
fits the requirements of each application.

Form 4C microprocessor-based control


The Form 4C microprocessor-based control, shown in Figure 6,
incorporates computer technology to provide enhanced application
versatility and ease of operation.
The Form 4C primary source of power is 120 Vac or 240 Vac
(customer supplied).
All standard control operating parameters including phase- and
ground-fault minimum trip levels, time-current curve selection, and
sequence of circuit breaker operation are keyboard programmable.
Simple keyboard sequences and dedicated function keys provide
convenient programming and interrogation of the controls various
operating parameters. A large LCD display provides control feedback
during programming and interrogation and 10 front panel LCD
indicators provide control and circuit breaker status, at a glance.
A front panel data port is provided to permit temporary connection
to a data reader for downloading control data files, or for temporary
connection to a personal computer for uploading or downloading
control programming information and stored data.

Figure 4. Vacuum interrupters are used in VSA20B circuit


breakers.

290-25-6

www.cooperpower.com

Technical Data 290-25

VSA20B power circuit breaker

Effective May 2014

The control is equipped with 41 keyboard-selectable time-current


curves which are interchangeable for either phase or ground. Each
of the curves can be custom modified to provide almost unlimited
coordination flexibility.
The control provides a wide range of standard features, which
include: supervisory operation, remote status indication, fault
indication via LCD targets and counters, event recorder, circuit
breaker duty monitor, demand metering, and load profile monitor.
The microprocessor-based control can be equipped with
an accessory supervisory input/output board to extend the
supervisory operation capabilities of the control. A fiber optic
digital communications accessory is also available for distribution
automation applications.

FXA microprocessor-based control


The FXA microprocessor-based recloser control provide the
operational intelligence for three-phase electronically controlled
reclosers. The control is equipped with features that provide
application flexibility, metering, and event recording.
The FXA primary source of power is 120 Vac or 240 Vac (customer
supplied).
The FXA control makes use of a unique Microsoft Windows-based
application to program and interrogate the controls. Connection to a
computer is made via a front panel EIA232 port for easy customer
access.
The FXA control can be ordered with supervisory I/Os for remote
operation (SCADA option).
The control interface application makes it possible to upload
operating parameters to the control as well as download present
operating parameters from the control and collected data from
the control data bases. Operating parameters and collected data
can be saved to disk, for future reference or to provide system
documentation.

Figure 6. FXA
microprocessor-based recloser control.

www.cooperpower.com

290-25-7

Technical Data 290-25

VSA20B power circuit breaker

Effective May 2014

Ratings and Specifications


Table 7.Voltage Ratings
Maximum Design Voltage (kV)

15.5

Nominal Operating Voltage (kV)

2.4-14.4

Basic Insulation Level (BIL) (kV)

110

60 Hertz Withstand Voltage (kV)


Dry, one minute

50

Wet, ten seconds

45

Max RIV at 1.0 MHz/9.41 kV (micro-volts)

100

Table 8. Current Ratings


Continuous Current Rating (amps)

1,200

Symmetric Interrupting Current (amps)

20,000

Cable Charging Current (amps)

Magnetizing Current (amps)

42

Three-Second Current, Symmetric (amps)

20,000

Momentary Current, Asymmetric (amps)

32,000

Capacitive Switching, General Purpose, Isolated Bank (amps).

250

Table 9. Electrical Specifications


Trip Solenoid:
Operating voltage (Vdc)

24

Peak current (A)

12.2

Actuation time (cycles)

1.25

Close Solenoid:
Operating voltage (Vdc)

24

Peak current (A)

15.5

Actuation time (cycles)


Spring Charging Motor:

1.5
Standard

Accessory

Operating Voltage (Vac)

240

120

Voltage Range (Vac)

160-257

90-127

Maximum Current, RMS (A)

14

18

Steady State Current (A)

4.1

Motor Running Time (cycles)

40

40

Sensing Current Transformers

2000:1

Maximum Arcing Time (cycles)

1.0

Interrupting Time (cycles)

2.5

Table 10. Mechanical Life


Open-Close, no load, operations

290-25-8

www.cooperpower.com

2500

Technical Data 290-25

VSA20B power circuit breaker

Effective May 2014

Table 11. Bushing Specifications


Bushing creepage distance (in.)

17

Arcing distance (in.) - phase to ground

7 34

Arcing distance (in.) - phase to phase

11

Table 12. Mechanical Specifications


Operating Temperature (C)
Minimum

-30

Maximum

+40

Closing Mechanism

Spring Operated

Opening Mechanism

Spring Operated

Contact Gap (inches)

7/16

Close Contact Travel Time (cycles)

0.5

Open Contact Travel Time (cycles)

0.5

Allowable Contact Erosion (inches)

0.125

Opening Time (24 Vdc solenoid), signal to Contact Part (msec.)

25

Closing Time (24 Vdc solenoid), signal to Contact Make (msec.)

32

Table 13. Auxiliary Switch Interrupting Ratings

Volts

Inductive
ac
(amps)

NonInductive
ac
(amps)

Inductive
dc
(amps)

NonInductive
dc
(amps)

24

15.0

20.0

48

7.5

10.0

120

60

80

125

1.5

2.0

240

30

60

250

0.45

0.5

www.cooperpower.com

290-25-9

Technical Data 290-25

VSA20B power circuit breaker

Effective May 2014

Dimensions and weights


VSA20B
1-1/4 - 12 UNF THREADED STUD TERMINALS

623/4
32-1/2
26" CLEARANCE REQUIRED
FOR BUSHING REMOVAL

14

3-7/16

511/2

111/4

14

14

113/

13

50
62-3/4

14 3/4
DOOR OPEN

49

30

KNOCKOUTS (3) FOR


1" CONDUIT FITTING
IN BOTTOM OF
OPERATING CABINET

SOURCE

201/4
101/4

Breaker Type

VSA20B

Weight
(lbs)

740

*Add 25 lbs. for each accessory bushing current transformer.

Figure 7. Outline dimensions for Type VSA20B circuit breaker.

290-25-10

www.cooperpower.com

4
81/4

Technical Data 290-25

VSA20B power circuit breaker

Effective May 2014

STANDARD ELECTRONIC CONTROL


CABINET MOUNTING BRACKETS:
FRONT
KA55VS2
KA55VS4 (DOUBLE-SIZE CONTROL CABINET)
BACK
KA55VS3
KA55VS5 (DOUBLE-SIZE CONTROL CABINET)

FRONT

A
B
C

OPTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS
FOR MOUNTING ELECTRONIC
CONTROL (FOR
CLARITY, OPERATOR ON
FRONT OF RECLOSER IS
NOT SHOWN)

OPER.
CAB.

D
E

22
38 3/

49 1/2

1 1/4-12 UNF
THREADED

D
DOUBLE-SIZE
CAB.

B
(AT MINIMUM
HEIGHT)

ADJUSTABLE
97 7/8 TO 115 7/8
IN 3"
INCREMENTS

ELEC.
CNTRL.
CAB.

VSA20B
30 1/2
84 7/8
39 1/4

E
STANDARD
CABINET

131/2

18
STD. SIZE
CAB.
343/4
DBL. SIZE
CAB.

ALTERNATE MOUNTING
ELECTRONIC CONTROL
(SEE DETAIL)

SUBSTATION
MOUNTING FRAMES:
VSA20B KA55VS8

1 1/4

Breaker Type

VSA20B

11/4

GROUNDING CONNECTOR
2/0-250 MCM
1 1/4

Weight (lbs)

1-1/4

3/ DIA. HOLES FOR


4
5/ ANCHOR BOLTS
8
(4), NOT FURNISHED

890

*Add 25 lbs. for each accessory bushing current transformer.

Figure 8. Outline dimensions and weight for VSA20B circuit breaker with substation mounting frame accessory (weight shown is
for circuit breaker and mounting frame extension only).

www.cooperpower.com

290-25-11

Technical Data 290-25

VSA20B power circuit breaker

Effective May 2014

Eaton
1000 Eaton Boulevard
Cleveland, OH 44122
United States
Eaton.com
Eatons Cooper Power Systems Business
2300 Badger Drive
Waukesha, WI 53188
United States
Cooperpower.com
2014 Eaton
All Rights Reserved
Printed in USA
Publication No. 290-25
May 2014

290-25-12

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the U.S. and other countries. You are not permitted to use the these trademarks without
the prior written consent of Eaton.
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Engineers, Inc.
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National Standards Institute.
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National Electrical Manufacturers Association.
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trademarks of Micorsoft.

For Eatons Cooper Power


Systems VSA20B power circuit
breaker product information
call 1-877-277-4636 or visit:
www.cooperpower.com.

Eaton
1000 Eaton Boulevard
Cleveland, OH 44122
United States
Eaton.com
Eatons Cooper Power Systems Business
2300 Badger Drive
Waukesha, WI 53186
United States
CooperPower.com
2014 Eaton
All Rights Reserved
Printed in USA

Eaton and Cooper Power Systems are valuable


trademarks of Eaton in the U.S. and other
countries. You are not permitted to use these
trademarks without the prior written consent
of Eaton.
All other trademarks are property
of their respective owners.

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