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DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER CALCULATIONS Developed by : Mahmoud Salama Eng_Mah.salama@hotmail.com 01- (MV/LV) Transformer Sizing :- Primary Rated
DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMER CALCULATIONS
Developed by : Mahmoud Salama
Eng_Mah.salama@hotmail.com
01- (MV/LV) Transformer Sizing :-
Primary Rated Voltage (kV.)
Secondary Rated Voltage (kV.)
Max. Demand Load (kW)
PF. After Correction
Max. Apparent Power (KVA)
Trans. Type
=
13.8
>>>>>
COMMON STANDARD RATINGS FOR OIL TYPE TRANSFORMERS (KVA)
=
0.400
50 63
100
160
200
=
1000 300
500
800
1000
1500
=
0.85 2000
2500
3000
=
1176
=
oil
.
COMMON STANDARD RATINGS FOR DRY TYPE TRANSFORMERS (KVA)
Permissible loading percentage (%)
Calculated Trans. Rating (KVA)
The Nearest standard Trans. Rating (KVA)
Transformer Loading percentage (%)
=
80
100
160
200
250
315
=
1470.59
400
500
630
800
1000
=
1500 .
1250 1600
2000
2500
3150
=
78 %
* Consult your local area manufacturer for the available ratings.
SUCCEED RATING
02- Calculating Over current Protection device rating on the low voltage Side of the transformer :-
Transformer Design Current (Ib)
=
S(KVA) / (Sqrt (3) x kV)
=
2165
Amp.
Nearest Nominal Current of the Protective Circuit Breaker (In)
=
2500
Amp.
.
SUCCEED RATING
03- Calculating the Prospective Short Circuit Current across the low voltage side of the transformer :-
Short Circuit Fault Current (Isc)
Trans. Rating
Usc %
Isc*
=
Trans. Design Current (Ib) x 100 / Usc%.
Another Method
Isc = V no load / {Sqrt (3) x Ztr.}
=
1500 KVA
=
5 %
Total losses (w) =
20186.0
=
43.30 KA
Rtr (mille-ohm)
=
1.4
Ztr (mille-ohm)
=
5.3
* Calc. Short circuit at the low voltage terminals of a transformer is considered the highest prospective value of SC at low voltage side.
Xtr (mille-ohm)
=
5.1
Isc (KA)=
43.3
04- Calculating natural ventilation openings sizes required for the transformer room :-
P =
20.186
KW
Where :-
P = the sum of the no-load losses and the full-load losses expressed in kW.
S =
0.18P/ Sqrt(H) =
3
m 2
S = the sectional area of the incoming-air orifice (m 2 ).
Assume :-
H =
2
m
S’ = the sectional area of the outgoing-air orifice (m 2 ).
S' =
1.1 (S)
=
3
m 2
H = height (centre to centre) of the outgoing air orifice above the incoming-air orifice (m 2 ).