You are on page 1of 5

Rectangular Weir Dialog Box

The Rectangular Weir worksheet dialog box comprises an input section on the left and
an output, or results, section on the right.
Additionally, a Messages tab is included in each worksheet. The top section of this tab
displays informational calculation messages, while the bottom section lets you enter any
explanatory notes that you wish to be associated with the worksheet.
Input:

DischargeVolumetric rate of flow, given in units of length (cubed)


over time.
Headwater ElevationWater elevation upstream of the structure.
Crest ElevationElevation of the bottom of the weir opening.
Tailwater ElevationWater elevation downstream of the structure.
Discharge CoefficientDischarge coefficient Cd used by FHWA HDS5 methodology to account for submergence effects and reduce the
discharge coefficient that would be obtained without submergence.
Crest LengthLength of the weir opening measured at the crest,
perpendicularly to the flow direction.
Number of ContractionsUsed when the upstream channel is larger
than the rectangular weir crest length, to account for the contraction of
the flow on one or both sides of the weir opening.

Output:

Headwater Height Above CrestWater depth upstream of the weir


measured from the crest of the weir.
Tailwater Height Above CrestHeight of the water downstream of the
weir measured from the weir crest (a negative value indicated that the
tailwater is below the crest elevation).
Flow AreaCross sectional area of flow.
VelocityLinear measure of flow rate given in units of length over
time. For weirs, the velocity field is for the velocity of the water through
the hydraulic structure
Wetted PerimeterPerimeter of flow that travels against a solid
boundary. For a partially full pipe, the wetted perimeter includes all of
the flow perimeter except for the top segment, which has a free surface.
Top WidthLength of the free top surface on the flowing cross section.
For a cross section flowing full, this value is zero.

V-Notch Weir Dialog Box


The V-Notch Weir worksheet dialog box comprises an input section on the left and an
output, or results, section on the right.
Additionally, a Messages tab is included in each worksheet. The top section of this tab
displays informational calculation messages, while the bottom section lets you enter any
explanatory notes that you wish to be associated with the worksheet.
Input:

DischargeVolumetric rate of flow, given in units of length (cubed)


over time.
Headwater ElevationWater elevation upstream of the structure.
Crest ElevationElevation of the bottom of the weir opening.
Tailwater ElevationWater elevation downstream of the structure.
V-Notch Weir CoefficientCoefficients for V-notched weirs vary with
the angle of the notch and with head depth. See V-Notch Weir
Coefficient of Discharge.
Notch AngleAngle of the V-Notch weir opening measured from one
side to the other side.

Output:

Headwater Height Above CrestWater depth upstream of the weir


measured from the crest of the weir.
Tailwater Height Above CrestHeight of the water downstream of the
weir measured from the weir crest (a negative value indicated that the
tailwater is below the crest elevation).
Flow AreaCross sectional area of flow.
VelocityLinear measure of flow rate given in units of length over
time. For weirs, the velocity field is for the velocity of the water through
the hydraulic structure
Wetted PerimeterPerimeter of flow that travels against a solid
boundary. For a partially full pipe, the wetted perimeter includes all of
the flow perimeter except for the top segment, which has a free surface.
Top WidthLength of the free top surface on the flowing cross section.
For a cross section flowing full, this value is zero.

Cipoletti Weir Dialog Box


The Cipoletti Weir worksheet dialog box comprises an input section on the left and an
output, or results, section on the right.
Additionally, a Messages tab is included in each worksheet. The top section of this tab
displays informational calculation messages, while the bottom section lets you enter any
explanatory notes that you wish to be associated with the worksheet.
Input:

DischargeVolumetric rate of flow, given in units of length (cubed)


over time.
Headwater ElevationWater elevation upstream of the structure.
Crest ElevationElevation of the bottom of the weir opening.
Tailwater ElevationWater elevation downstream of the structure.
Discharge CoefficientWeir coefficient obtained from experimental
data, dependent on the shape of the weir.
Crest LengthLength of the weir opening measured at the crest,
perpendicularly to the flow direction.

Output:

Headwater Height Above CrestWater depth upstream of the weir


measured from the crest of the weir.
Tailwater Height Above CrestHeight of the water downstream of the
weir measured from the weir crest (a negative value indicated that the
tailwater is below the crest elevation).
Equal Side SlopesSlope of trapezoidal channel, assumed to be
identical on both sides.
Flow AreaCross sectional area of flow.
VelocityLinear measure of flow rate given in units of length over
time. For weirs, the velocity field is for the velocity of the water through
the hydraulic structure
Wetted PerimeterPerimeter of flow that travels against a solid
boundary. For a partially full pipe, the wetted perimeter includes all of
the flow perimeter except for the top segment, which has a free surface.
Top WidthLength of the free top surface on the flowing cross section.
For a cross section flowing full, this value is zero.

Broad Crested Weir Dialog Box


The Broad Crested Weir worksheet dialog box comprises an input section on the left
and an output, or results, section on the right.
Additionally, a Messages tab is included in each worksheet. The top section of this tab
displays informational calculation messages, while the bottom section lets you enter any
explanatory notes that you wish to be associated with the worksheet.
Input:

DischargeVolumetric rate of flow, given in units of length (cubed)


over time.
Headwater ElevationWater elevation upstream of the structure.
Crest ElevationElevation of the bottom of the weir opening.
Tailwater ElevationWater elevation downstream of the structure.
Crest Surface TypeSurface of a broad crested weir, defined as Paved
or Gravel. Used by FHWA HDS-5 methodology for calculating the
discharge coefficient and submergence factor.
Crest BreadthWidth (Lr) of the weir, measured in the direction of
flow.
Crest LengthLength of the weir opening measured at the crest,
perpendicularly to the flow direction.

Output:

Headwater Height Above CrestWater depth upstream of the weir


measured from the crest of the weir.
Tailwater Height Above CrestHeight of the water downstream of the
weir measured from the weir crest (a negative value indicated that the
tailwater is below the crest elevation).
Discharge CoefficientWeir coefficient obtained from experimental
data, dependent on the shape of the weir.
Submergence FactorRatio (kt) used by FHWA HDS-5 methodology
for calculating the submergence effect and reduce the discharge
coefficient.
Adjusted Discharge CoefficientDischarge coefficient (Cd) used by
FHWA HDS-5 methodology to account for submergence effects and
reduce the discharge coefficient that would be obtained without
submergence.
Flow AreaCross sectional area of flow.
VelocityLinear measure of flow rate given in units of length over
time. For weirs, the velocity field is for the velocity of the water through
the hydraulic structure
Wetted PerimeterPerimeter of flow that travels against a solid
boundary. For a partially full pipe, the wetted perimeter includes all of
the flow perimeter except for the top segment, which has a free surface.
Top WidthLength of the free top surface on the flowing cross section.
For a cross section flowing full, this value is zero.

Generic Weir Dialog Box


The Generic Weir worksheet dialog box comprises an input section on the left and an
output, or results, section on the right.
Additionally, a Messages tab is included in each worksheet. The top section of this tab
displays informational calculation messages, while the bottom section lets you enter any
explanatory notes that you wish to be associated with the worksheet.
Input:

DischargeVolumetric rate of flow, given in units of length (cubed)


over time.
Headwater ElevationWater elevation upstream of the structure.
Crest ElevationElevation of the bottom of the weir opening.
Discharge Coefficient WeirCoefficient C used in the general weir
equation.
Crest LengthLength of the weir opening measured at the crest,
perpendicularly to the flow direction.

Output:

Headwater Height Above CrestWater depth upstream of the weir


measured from the crest of the weir.
Flow AreaCross sectional area of flow.
VelocityLinear measure of flow rate given in units of length over
time. For weirs, the velocity field is for the velocity of the water through
the hydraulic structure
Wetted PerimeterPerimeter of flow that travels against a solid
boundary. For a partially full pipe, the wetted perimeter includes all of
the flow perimeter except for the top segment, which has a free surface.
Top WidthLength of the free top surface on the flowing cross section.
For a cross section flowing full, this value is zero.