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Job Interview Questions & Answers | Mechanical Engineering

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What is D4D Technology used in Toyota Vigo?


D-4D is widely recognized as one of the most advanced diesel technologies on the
market today. Diesel engines relied on relatively simple technology with a lowpressure mechanical injector delivering fuel to a pre-combustion chamber in the
cylinder head where a single ignition fired by the intense heat of high compression
takes place.

Explain about Powder Technology?


Powder technology is one of the ways of making bearing material. In this method
metals like bronze, Al, Fe are mixed and compressed to make an alloy.

What is DTSi Technology?


DTSI stands for Digital Twin Spark Plug Ignition. The vehicles with DTSI Technology
use 2 spark plugs which are controlled by digital circuit. It results in efficient
combustion of air fuel mixture.
Digital - Since the spark generation will be initiated by a microchip.
Twin - Since two spark plugs will be used.
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Spark ignition - Since the ignition will be done via a spark.

Thermal
Management Valves
Exhaust stream conditioning
valves to reduce pm and diesel
emissions

What is ATFT Technology used in Honda Hunk?


ATFT means Advance Tumble Flow Induction Technology,
Tumble flow means swirling. In this technology fuel air mixture from the carburator
into the engine cylinder with a swirl action. The advantage being one gets a more
efficient burning of fuel hence more power and better fuel economy with lesser
emissions.

Why we do not use same technology to start both SI /CI engine


The S.I. or spark ignition engine uses petrol as a fuel and the C.I. or compression
ignition engine uses diesel as a fuel. Both the fuels has different compression ratio.
In SI engine the compression ratio is 8-12:1.
In CI engine the compression ratio is 16-22:1.
So incase of SI engine, the compression ratio is not sufficient for fuel to burn so a
spark plug is used, whereas in ci engine, the compression ratio is so high that due
to its internal heat the fuel is combusted so there is no need for a spark plug. so the
technology used in si engine is different from CI engine.

What VVTi written on new cars of Toyota stands for?


VVTi : Variable Valve Timing with Intelligence. It is the advanced version of the VVT
engine. It changes the cam shaft position by using oil pressure. It is similar to CVVT
in Hyundai.

What is PGM FI technology used in Honda Stunner Bike?


The development of an ECU-integrated throttle body module for an electronic fuel
injection system for small motorcycles.
Honda has a goal to reduce the total emissions of HC (hydro-carbon) from new
vehicles to approximately 1/3 and to further improve the average fuel economy by
approximately 30 (both from 1995) by the year 2005. To realize the goal we at
Asaka R&D Center considered that the small motorcycles used in many countries in
the world should be improved further for clean exhaust gas and low fuel
consumption. Accordingly we have started development of the PGM-FI system for
small motorcycles with engines of 125cc or smaller including air-cooled engines.
To ensure clean exhaust gas and high fuel economy the control of combustion
through an accurate fuel supply is a must. As the conventional FI system (electronic
fuel injection system) applied to motorcycles is bulky and costly its application has
been mostly in large motorcycles using multi-cylinder engines. In the newly
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developed PGM-FI in order to apply to small displacement models the obstacles


have been eliminated by fully using Hondas techniques to down-size components
as well as making maximum use of the FI techniques attained from the large
motorcycles. The compact PGM-FI offers new benefits such as the reduction of
released environmentally detrimental substances and the improvement of drivability
economy etc.

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Explain the Second Law of Thermodynamics.


The entropy of the universe increases over time and moves towards a maximum
value.

How do you measure temperature in a Wet Bulb Thermometer?


Wet bulb temperature is measured in a wet bulb thermometer by covering the
bulb with a wick and wetting it with water. It corresponds to the dew point
temperature and relative humidity.

What is Bending moment?


When a moment is applied to bend an element, a bending moment exists in the
element

What are the points in the Stress Strain curve for Steel?
Proportional limit, elastic limit or yield point, ultimate stress and stress at failure.

Define Reynolds number.


Reynolds number is the ratio of inertial force and viscous force. It is a
dimensionless number. It determines the type of fluid flow.

What is a Newtonian fluid?


A Newtonian fluid possesses a linear stress strain relationship curve and it passes
through the origin. The fluid properties of a Newtonian fluid do not change when
any force acts upon it.

How many Joules is 1 BTU?


1 BTU is equal to 1055.056 joules.

What is PS?
PS is Pferdestarke, the German unit for Horsepower.

Explain Otto cycle.


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Otto cycle can be explained by a pressure volume relationship diagram. It shows


the functioning cycle of a four stroke engine. The cycle starts with an intake
stroke, closing the intake and moving to the compression stroke, starting of
combustion, power stroke, heat exchange stroke where heat is rejected and the
exhaust stroke. It was designed by Nicolas Otto, a German engineer.

Explain the nomenclature of a 6203-ZZ bearing.


6 is the type code, which shows it is a single-row ball bearing, 2 is the series,
means light, 03 is the bore, which is 17 mm and ZZ is the suffix meaning double
shielded bearing.

What is Gear ratio?


It is the ratio of the number of revolutions of the pinion gear to one revolution of
the idler gear.

What is Annealing?
It is a process of heating a material above the re-crystallization temperature and
cooling after a specific time interval. This increases the hardness and strength if
the material.

Define Torque.
Torque is defined as a force applied to an object that results in rotational motion.

What is Ductile-Brittle Transition Temperature?


It is the temperature below which the tendency of a material to fracture increases
rather than forming. Below this temperature the material loses its ductility. It is
also called Nil Ductility Temperature.

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