Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 12

ACTIVITY 4

TOPIC: RICE COOKER


OBJECTIVES:
1.

To familiarize yourself with the operation and control panel of the rice cooker

2.

To state the functions of each control of the rice cooker

3.

To measure the resistance readings of the rice cooker heating elements

4.

To open and expose each component in the rice cooker

5.

To familiarize yourself with each component of the rice cooker

6.

To state the function of each component of the rice cooker

7.

To sketch and label the pictorial view of the rice cooker

8.

To draw the schematic diagram of the rice cooker circuit

Figure 1: Rice Cooker

TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT USED


1.

Multimeter

2.

Megger ohmmeter

3.

Test pen

4.

Phillip and star screw driver set

5.

Long nose plier

6.

Diagonal cutter

PROCEDURE
1.

The service manual provided was referred and the rice cooker was operated.

2.

The specification label was located and read, and then the information was recorded
in Table 1.
Brand:

MAGIC

Model No:

CFXB05-2

Voltage:

240V

Frequency:

60Hz

Power:

700W
Table 1: Specification of Rice Cooker

3.

The front panel of the rice cooker was observed and the observation was recorded in
the report especially the control knob of the rice cooker.

4.

An appropriate tool, the back cover of the rice cooker unit was open up and the
electrical connection of the rice cooker was observed. The block diagram and the
possible circuit diagram of the rice cooker were drawing in the spaces provided.

POWER
SUPPLY
240V

OUTPUT/
READY TO USE

MICRO SWITCH

THERMOSTAT

HEATING
ELEMENT

Figure 2: Block Diagram of the Electrical Connection of the Rice Cooker

Figure 3: Circuit Diagram of the Electrical Connection of the Rice Cooker


5.

Power supply plug of the rice cooker was removed from the 240 Volt AC main
supply socket.

6.

An appropriate tool was used, the back cover of the rice cooker was open up and the
electrical connection of the rice cooker electrical system was observed.

7.

The power plugs were not connected to the main supply socket. The work was doing
with the power OFF.

8.

The multimeter or megger ohmmeter was used, the insulation resistance and short
circuit tests of the L (live), N (neutral), E (earth) connection of the supply cables were
doing. The reading was recorded in the Table 2.
Wires

Insulation Test (OHM)

Short Circuit Test (OHM)

L and N
L and E
N and E

Table 2: Insulation and Short Circuit Tests

9.

An each component in the rice cooker compartment was dismantled and the labelled
exploded view of the circuit showing the correct connection of the rice cooker
electrical circuit was draw. For the convenience, the service manual was referred.

10.

The component was identified and the function of each component was written down
in Table 3.
Components

Functions

Heating elements
thermostat

Element in an electrical device which converts


electricity into heat
As the heat generating and controlling unit

LED for cook and warm


mode
screw

To tell that the switch in cook condition or warm


condition
As connector the iron

Power supply cord

To give the power supply 240v

Inner pot

Water and rice are placed when cooking rice

Switch for cook and warm

As switch when cook and warm the rice

Rice cooker main body

As body the rice cooker and to isolate part from


heating element and other body
To move from a position of cooking to warming or
vice versa
To break the current work when the heat exceeds
the fair due to the damage of rice cookers

Micro switch
Thermo fuse

Table 3: The function of each component

11.

A multimeter was used, a continuity and resistance tests to the heating element was
doing and the reading was recorded in the Table 4.
Points

Ohmmage Reading

Body to L terminal

L to N terminal

Body to N terminal

Table 4: Continuity and Resistance Test

12.

The common problem of the Iron was stated. The possible causes also stated and the
idea was suggested to solve the problems.

Problem

Possible Causes

Solutions

Rice does not


cook

Heating elements are


broken

Change heating elements

Rice cooker does


not work

Fuse is defective

Change the new fuse

The rice cooker


smokes when
plug it in and turn
it on.

Spilled food on the


heating element or
metal housing.

Unplug the rice cooker,


let it cool to room
temperature and wipe off
the spills with a clean,
damp cloth or sponge.
Towel-dry before using it
again.

Table 5: Problem, causes and solutions

13. Any defective component was replaced, and the component was reassembling back to
normal. After that, the instructor was checking the work

14. The rice cooker was tested and the safety aspects were not forgotten.

LABELED EXPLODED VIEWS

LABELED PART:
1) Inner pot
2) Rice cooker main body
3) Detachable power cord
4) Inner lid
5) Condensation cup
6) Control panel

COMPONENT VIEW PART

Rice cooker main body

Port of electrical plug

Cover

LED for cook and warm mode

Switch for cook and warm mode

Inner lid

Heating element

Heating element

Thermo fuse

Micro switch

Pressure sensor

Outside of cooking chamber

Thermostat

Condition when no load

Condition when there load

QUESTIONS

1.

What are the effects of the line frequency (50 Hz) to the operation of the iron?
Iron operating at 50Hz because most electronic equipment in Malaysia is set to a
frequency of 50Hz. This line frequency is a most efficient for the 240 volt that supply
for domestic uses.

2.

How does a megger ohmmeter help your to decide that the rice cooker is safe?
Megger ohmmeter is used to apply the insulation and short circuit tests on the
connection of the supply cable to trace that the iron in safe condition. After done the
testing the result must show that for a good condition reading is not less than 1M for
the every connection of phase(L and N),(L and E),(N and E).

3.

How does a rice cooker work?


When the rice is cooked and the cooking button is pressed, the button will be stuck
there and the heater will start working. Because there is water in the pot, then the
temperature will not exceed 100 degrees Celsius. Heating element will continue to
heat up the pot and eventually the water in the pot will be reduced because turned into
vapour and absorbed into the rice. When water run out, the temperature of the rice is
no longer stuck at 100 degrees Celsius. When the temperature beyond the boiling
point, the thermostat has been set at a certain temperature will track the rise and cut
the heater circuit. At this time the pot will change from function to function heats only
the cooking.

DISCUSSIONS

At the end of practice, we can identify some of the damage that occurs in a rice
cooker such as rice does not cook, this is causes by heating elements are broken. The other
problem is the rice cooker does not work and the rice cooker smokes when plug it in and turn
it on, this is causes by fuse is defective and spilled food on the heating element or metal
housing. So for the solution, we can change the heating elements to a new set of heating
element. Then for the fuse is defective, we can change a new fuse so it can function. The
solution for last problem that the rice cooker smokes when plug it in and turn it on is first,
unplug the rice cooker and let it cool to room temperature. And then, wipe off the spills with
a clean, damp cloth or sponge. Wipe with a dry towel before using it again.

CONCLUSION

As a conclusion, after we had done doing the experiment, we know the operation of
the rice cooker. We also know how to open all the part in the rice cooker and we can detect
the part that is always problem and broken. Rice cooker categorized as heating equipment.
The function of rice cooker is to cook rice. The damage of rice cooker is heating elements are
broken, fuse is defective and there have spilled food on the heating element or metal housing.
If the damage is not serious, we can repair. As an example if the damage is related to the
heating element, we need to change the new heating element.

Besides that, we also learn about the operation of the rice cooker. When the rice is
cooked and the cooking button is pressed, the button will be stuck there and the heater will
start working. Because there is water in the pot, then the temperature will not exceed 100
degrees Celsius. Heating element will continue to heat up the pot and eventually the water in
the pot will be reduced because turned into vapour and absorbed into the rice. When water
run out, the temperature of the rice is no longer stuck at 100 degrees Celsius. When the
temperature beyond the boiling point, the thermostat has been set at a certain temperature will
track the rise and cut the heater circuit. At this time the pot will change from function to
function heats only the cooking.

We also know the important reason we need to learn the ways to repair our electronic
component. That is because in our daily, we are used many things that is related to the
component electronic. Furthermore, we can practice the knowledge that we learned about this
rice cooker to repair our broken rice cooker at home especially if the damaged part is just a
little and easy to repair.

REFERENCES
1. http://home.howstuffworks.com/rice-cooker1.htm
2. http://baikitvkuantan.blogspot.com/
3. http://myplasticfreelife.com/2011/07/how-i-fixed-my-broken-rice-cooker-thecomplete-illustrated-instructions/
4. http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/simple-solutions-for-slow-cookerdilemmas.html
5. http://www.electronicspoint.com/threads/rice-cooker.256567/
6. http://www.doityourself.com/forum/electric-small-kitchen-home-appliances/497043oster-rice-cooker-blown-temperature-switch-thermostat.html#b

ATTACHMENTS